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Selection: with tag windstorm [27 articles] 


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 43

(February 2018)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   viburnum-spp   vicia-faba   vietnam   vinca-spp   vineyards   violin   viral-disease   virgin-forest   virola-koschnyi   virus   viscum-album   visual-assessment   visual-interpretation   visual-notation   visualization   vitality   vitex-keniensis   vitis-spp   vochysia-divergens   vochysia-ferruginea   vochysia-guatemalensis   volatiles   volcanic-eruptions   volunteered-geographic-information   vulnerability   vulpes-vulpes   walnut   walnut-leaf   warming   washingtonia-filifera   washingtonia-robusta   water   water-balance   water-erosion   water-impoundment   water-pollution   water-potential   water-quality   water-reservoir-management   water-reservoir-network   water-resources   water-resources-management   water-scarcity   water-security   water-storage   water-stress   water-use-efficiency   waterlogging   waves-energy   weather-modification   web-and-information-technologies   web-coverage-services   web-map-services   web-processing-services   web-services   weibull-distribution   weighting   wepp   west-africa   west-antartica   western-alps   western-asia   western-europe   western-mediterranean   westringia-fruticosa   wetland-investigations   wetlands   wheat   wicked-problem   wide-scale   wide-scale-transdisciplinary-modelling-for-environment   wide-vs-large-scale   widespread-plant-species   wiesa   wiki-communication   wild-service-tree   wilderness   wildfires   wildland-urban-interface   wilt   wind   wind-damage   wind-energy   wind-machines   wind-model   windows   windstorm   windthrow   wine-barrel   winter-robustness   wisteria-sinensis   wollemia-nobilis   women   wood-instrument   wood-market   wood-pellet   wood-production   wood-properties   wood-shreds  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


2017 hurricanes and aerosols simulation

In Scientific Visualization Studio (November 2017), 12772


[Excerpt] Tracking aerosols over land and water from August 1 to November 1, 2017. Hurricanes and tropical storms are obvious from the large amounts of sea salt particles caught up in their swirling winds. The dust blowing off the Sahara, however, gets caught by water droplets and is rained out of the storm system. Smoke from the massive fires in the Pacific Northwest region of North America are blown across the Atlantic to the UK and Europe. This visualization is a ...


Assessing risk and adaptation options to fires and windstorms in European forestry

Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change In Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 15, No. 7. (10 July 2010), pp. 681-701,


Risks can generally be described as the combination of hazard, exposure and vulnerability. Using this framework, we evaluated the historical and future development of risk of fire and wind damage in European forestry at the national level. Fire risk is expected to increase, mainly as a consequence of an increase in fire hazard, defined as the Fire Weather Index in summer. Exposure, defined as forest area, is expected to increase slightly as a consequence of active afforestation and abandonment of marginal ...


Ecological stability of mixed-species forests

In Mixed-Species Forests (2017), pp. 337-382,


In many parts of the world, forests are likely to face novel disturbance regimes as a result of global change processes, and there is concern that the capacity of forest ecosystems to withstand, recover from, or adapt to these novel disturbance regimes may decline. Creation and maintenance of species-diverse forests is seen as an important option to adapt forests to uncertain future disturbances. However, it is not known whether benefits of mixed-species forests consist mainly of risk spreading among tree species ...


Terrestrial ecosystems, soil and forests

In Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2016 - An indicator-based report, Vol. 1/2017 (January 2017), pp. 153-182,


[Excerpt: Key messages] [::] Observed climate change has had many impacts on terrestrial ecosystems, such as changes in soil conditions, advances in phenological stages, altitudinal and latitudinal migration of plant and animal species (generally northwards and upwards), and changes in species interactions and species composition in communities, including local extinctions. [::] The relative importance of climate change as a major driver of biodiversity and ecosystem change is projected to increase further in the future. In addition to climate change, human efforts to mitigate and adapt to ...


  1. Alkemade, R., Bakkenes, M., Eickhout, B., 2011. Towards a general relationship between climate change and biodiversity: An example for plant species in Europe. Regional Environmental Change 11, 143–150. .
  2. Allen, C. D., Macalady, A. K., Chenchouni, H., Bachelet, D., McDowell, N., Vennetier, M., Kitzberger, T., Rigling, A., Breshears, D. D., Hogg, E. H. (Ted), Gonzalez, P., Fensham, R., Zhang, Z., Castro, J., Demidova, N., Lim, J.-H., Allard, G., Running, S. W., Semerci, A.,

Executive summary

In Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2016 - An indicator-based report, Vol. 1/2017 (January 2017), pp. 12-30,


[Excerpt: Key messages] [::] All of the key findings from the 2012 European Environment Agency (EEA) report on climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe are still valid. [::] Climate change is continuing globally and in Europe. Land and sea temperatures are increasing; precipitation patterns are changing, generally making wet regions in Europe wetter, particularly in winter, and dry regions drier, particularly in summer; sea ice extent, glacier volume and snow cover are decreasing; sea levels are rising; and climate-related extremes such as heat waves, heavy precipitation ...


  1. Ciscar, J.-C., Feyen, L., Soria, A., Lavalle, C., Raes, F., Perry, M., Nemry, F., Demirel, H., Rozsai, M., Dosio, A., Donatelli, M., Srivastava, A. K., Fumagalli, D., Niemeyer, S., Shrestha, S., Ciaian, P., Himics, M., Van Doorslaer, B., Barrios, S., Ibáñez, N., Forzieri, G., Rojas, R., Bianchi, A., Dowling, P., Camia, A., Libertà, G., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., de Rigo, D., Caudullo, G., Barredo, J. I., Paci, D., Pycroft, J., Saveyn, B., Van Regemorter, D., Revesz, T., Vandyck, T.,

Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2016 - An indicator-based report

Vol. 1/2017 (January 2017),


[Excerpt: Executive summary] Key messages [::] All of the key findings from the 2012 European Environment Agency (EEA) report on climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe are still valid. [::] Climate change is continuing globally and in Europe. Land and sea temperatures are increasing; precipitation patterns are changing, generally making wet regions in Europe wetter, particularly in winter, and dry regions drier, particularly in summer; sea ice extent, glacier volume and snow cover are decreasing; sea levels are rising; and climate-related extremes such as heat waves, heavy ...


Impacts of natural disasters in agriculture, rangeland and forestry: an overview

In Natural Disasters and Extreme Events in Agriculture (2005), pp. 1-22,


Natural disasters play a major role in agricultural development and the economic cost associated with all natural disasters has increased 14 fold since the 1950s. Natural disasters are classified into hydro-meteorological and geophysical disasters. Definitions of various types of hydrometeorological disasters such as floods, droughts, cyclones, forest fires, heatwaves were presented. Evidence available from different parts of the world showed that there is a rising trend in the occurrence of natural disasters from 1993 to 2002. Impacts of droughts, cyclones, floods, ...


European atlas of forest tree species

Keywords: bioeconomy   chorology   classification   climate   constrained-spatial-multi-frequency-analysis   data-heterogeneity   data-integration   data-uncertainty   disasters   disturbances   ecological-zones   ecology   ecosystem-services   europe   floods   forest-fires   forest-pests   forest-resources   free-software   geospatial   geospatial-semantic-array-programming   gis   gnu-bash   gnu-linux   gnu-octave   habitat-suitability   integrated-modelling   integrated-natural-resources-modelling-and-management   integration-techniques   knowledge-integration   landslides   mastrave-modelling-library   modelling-uncertainty   open-data   paleoecology   relative-distance-similarity   reproducible-research   review   science-policy-interface   science-society-interface   semantic-array-programming   semantic-constraints   semantics   semap   software-uncertainty   soil-erosion   soil-resources   species-distribution   tree-species   uncertainty   water-resources   windstorm  


[Excerpt] The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is the first comprehensive publication of such a unique and essential environmental resource, that is, our trees. Leading scientists and forestry professionals have contributed in the many stages of the production of this atlas, through the collection of ground data on the location of tree species, elaboration of the distribution and suitability maps, production of the photographic material and compilation of the different chapters. The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is both ...


Destructive storms in European forests: past and forthcoming impacts



[Excerpt: Introduction] [::] Forest and other wooded land within Europe cover 42 % of the land area and have a wide range of ecological, social and economic functions that continue to grow in importance. [::] Wind storms have caused catastrophic damage to forests throughout history, but during the last century damage has increased markedly. Storms are now responsible for more than 50% of primary damage to European forests. [::] Much of the damage increase can be related to forest expansion and change. [::] Responses of foresters, ...


Relationship between treefall direction, slope-aspect, and wind in eight old-growth oak stands in the Central Hardwood Forest, USA

Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, Vol. 137, No. 4. (2010), pp. 391-400,
Keywords: quercus-spp   tipovers   tree-fall   windstorm  


This study examined the relationship between direction of treefall, slope-aspect and prevailing wind in five old-growth stands where single-tree canopy gaps characterize the dominant disturbance regime. All live and downed trees were inventoried in 0.45-ha sample plots, and crown sizes of live trees were measured along two perpendicular axes. Directions of fall and slope-aspect of downed trees also were recorded. Regional prevailing winds and wind gusts were obtained from four nearby airports. I used circular statistics to determine if directions of ...


The wind stability of different silvicultural systems for Douglas-fir in the Netherlands: a model-based approach

Forestry, Vol. 81, No. 3. (2008), pp. 399-414,


The aim of this study was to evaluate different silvicultural systems for Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) in the Netherlands in terms of timber production and wind stability over a full rotation. This was done using the forest genetics, ecology, management and wind model (ForGEM-W), which combines a distant dependent tree growth simulator with a mechanical–empirical wind damage module. Six different silvicultural systems were evaluated: normal yield table management, free thinning from above in a monospecies and a mixed stand (50 ...


The interacting ecological effects of large-scale disturbances and salvage logging on montane spruce forest regeneration in the western European Alps

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 292 (2013), pp. 19-28,


Insect outbreaks and wind storms are the most common natural disturbances affecting the northern slopes of montane Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) H. Karst.) forests in the European Alps. The combined effects on stand dynamics, including tree regeneration, of these natural disturbances and an anthropogenic (i.e., salvage logging) disturbance were studied to assess the role of post-disturbance management practices. The study areas were in two adjacent inner valleys of the Aosta Valley Autonomous Region (western Italian Alps). Les Combes study area ...


Accelerated succession following an intense wind storm in an oak-dominated forest

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 279 (2012), pp. 141-146,


Catastrophic wind events often contribute to stand dynamics of central hardwood forests, yet opportunities to study them are limited. As luck would have it, we sampled 54 long-term monitoring plots (0.04 ha) on the Shawnee National Forest in southern Illinois prior to an intense 2009 windstorm that swept across the central United States. The sampled plots, which were resampled immediately after the storm, were situated across a gradient of topographic positions. Overstory trees (⩾6.6 cm dbh), saplings (⩾1 m tall and ...


Wind as a natural disturbance agent in forests: a synthesis

Forestry, Vol. 86, No. 2. (01 April 2013), pp. 147-157,
Keywords: disturbances   windstorm   windthrow  


Windthrow is all too often looked at as an exceptional, catastrophic phenomenon rather than a recurrent natural disturbance that falls within the spectrum of chronic and acute effects of wind on forests, and that drives ecosystem patterns and processes. This paper provides an integrative overview of the nature, contributing factors and impacts of wind-caused disturbance in forests, including its effects on trees, stands, landscapes and soils. Windthrow is examined through the integrating concepts of: the capacity of trees for acclimative growth, ...


Disturbance history of an old-growth sub-alpine Picea abies stand in the Bohemian Forest, Czech Republic

Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 23, No. 1. (February 2012), pp. 86-97,


Questions What historical natural disturbances have shaped the structure and development of an old-growth, sub-alpine Picea abies forest? Are large-scale, high-severity disturbances (similar to the recent windthrow and bark beetle outbreaks in the region) within the historical range of variability for this forest ecosystem? Can past disturbances explain the previously described gradient in stand structure that had been attributed to an elevation gradient? Location Šumava National Park (the Bohemian Forest) of the southwest Czech Republic. Methods We reconstructed the site's disturbance history using dendroecological methods in ...


Living with storm damage to forests



Windstorms are a major disturbance factor for European forests. In the past decades wind storms have damaged standing forest volume which on a yearly average equals about the size of Poland's annual fellings. The evidence also indicates that the actual severity of storms in the wake of climatic changes may increase during the next decades. Windstorm damages have many environmental, economic and social implications. Consequently, it is important to try to prevent these damages, and better manage those which cannot ...


Study of Gap-phase Regeneration in a Managed Beech Forest: Relations between Tree Regeneration and Light, Substrate Features and Cover of Ground Vegetation

Acta Silvatica & Lignaria Hungarica, Vol. 1 (2005), pp. 25-38


Gap form ation by wind is a characteristic di sturbance event in Eur opean beech forests. Changes in abiotic environm ental variables depend on gap size and different site features. The aim of this gap-study is to test the effect of gap size on spatial distribution of abiotic environm ental variables and on the abundance and distribution of tree regene ration. Eight experim e ntal gaps – three large (d: 35-40 m ) and five sm all (d: 10-15 m ) ...


Gap partitioning among temperate tree species across a regional soil gradient in windstorm-disturbed forests

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 260, No. 1. (04 June 2010), pp. 146-154,


Canopy closure and soil characteristics are commonly used to explain regeneration distribution at local and regional scales, although very few studies take both factors into account. The combination of environmental variables defined at broad and local scales is necessary to provide regeneration distribution models with a small resolution (tree scale) that are valid on a large spatial scale (regional scale). Our aim was to quantify how gap partitioning among tree species at the seedling stage varies across large soil and stand ...


Natural hazard chain research in China: A review

Natural Hazards In Natural Hazards, Vol. 70, No. 2. (2014), pp. 1631-1659,


Most catastrophic disasters are triggered by multi-hazards that occur simultaneously or sequentially rather than singly; this can result in more severe consequences. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the occurrence, development, and transformation of hazard chains and comprehend their rules in order to predict secondary hazards. An effective action for reducing potential losses can be taken to block a hazard chain before it expands and transforms. Many studies have been conducted on hazard chains, some of which are of great significance. ...


Increasing forest disturbances in Europe and their impact on carbon storage

Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, No. 9. (3 August 2014), pp. 806-810,


Disturbances from wind, bark beetles and wildfires have increased in Europe’s forests throughout the twentieth century1. Climatic changes were identified as a key driver behind this increase2, yet how the expected continuation of climate change will affect Europe’s forest disturbance regime remains unresolved. Increasing disturbances could strongly impact the forest carbon budget3, 4, and are suggested to contribute to the recently observed carbon sink saturation in Europe’s forests5. Here we show that forest disturbance damage in Europe has continued to increase ...


Storminess over the North Atlantic and northwestern Europe - A review

Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 141, No. 687. (1 May 2015), pp. 350-382,


This review assesses storm studies over the North Atlantic and northwestern Europe regarding the occurrence of potential long-term trends. Based on a systematic review of available articles, trends are classified according to different geographical regions, datasets, and time periods. Articles that used measurement and proxy data, reanalyses, regional and global climate model data on past and future trends are evaluated for changes in storm climate. The most important result is that trends in storm activity depend critically on the time period ...


No upward trend in normalised windstorm losses in Europe: 1970–2008

Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, Vol. 10, No. 1. (15 January 2010), pp. 97-104,
Keywords: assessment   disasters   europe   windstorm  


On 18 January 2007, windstorm Kyrill battered Europe with hurricane-force winds killing 47 people and causing 10 billion US$ in damage. Kyrill poses several questions: is Kyrill an isolated or exceptional case? Have there been events costing as much in the past? This paper attempts to put Kyrill into an historical context by examining large historical windstorm event losses in Europe for the period 1970–2008 across 29 European countries. It asks the question what economic losses would these historical events cause ...


Intermediate wind disturbance in an old-growth beech-fir forest in southeastern Slovenia

Canadian Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 36, No. 3. (March 2006), pp. 629-638,


We studied the immediate effects of two successive storms in 1983 and 2004 in an old-growth Fagus sylvatica L. - Abies alba Mill. forest in the Dinaric Alps, southeastern Slovenia. In the 1983 and 2004 storms the density and basal area of wind-killed trees were 27.4·ha-1 and 5.98 m 2·ha-1 and 11.2·ha-1 and 4.02 m2·ha-1, respectively. In both storm events, mid-sized to large stems were more prone to wind mortality than small stems, and A. alba was more susceptible than F. ...


Regeneration patterns after intermediate wind disturbance in an old-growth Fagus–Abies forest in southeastern Slovenia

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 226, No. 1-3. (May 2006), pp. 268-278,


We studied patterns of tree regeneration in relation to canopy structure in a 1-ha plot damaged by an intermediate windstorm in 1983 and a 1-ha control plot regulated by small-scale canopy gaps in an old-growth Fagus sylvatica–Abies alba forest, southeastern Slovenia. In the windthrow plot, a maze of interconnected gaps covered 55% of the plot, while more discrete canopy openings covered 27% of the control plot. The different canopy structures resulted in marked differences in the density and spatial patterns of ...


Downscaling CMIP5 climate models shows increased tropical cyclone activity over the 21st century

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, No. 30. (23 July 2013), pp. 12219-12224,


A recently developed technique for simulating large [O(104)] numbers of tropical cyclones in climate states described by global gridded data is applied to simulations of historical and future climate states simulated by six Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 5 (CMIP5) global climate models. Tropical cyclones downscaled from the climate of the period 1950–2005 are compared with those of the 21st century in simulations that stipulate that the radiative forcing from greenhouse gases increases by over preindustrial values. In contrast to storms that ...


Advance Fagus sylvatica and Acer pseudoplatanus seedlings dominate tree regeneration in a mixed broadleaved former coppice-with-standards forest

Forestry, Vol. 81, No. 2. (01 April 2008), pp. 135-150,


This study assessed the species composition and the development of regeneration plots in gaps created by a windstorm in a mixed-species broadleaved stand. The stand was a former coppice-with-standards characterized by a high broadleaved tree species diversity. Thirteen years after gap creation, all gaps were fully stocked and the regeneration was almost exclusively dominated by Fagus sylvatica and Acer pseudoplatanus seedlings, two species characterized by a high shade tolerance in their early stages. All other species (Quercus sp., Fraxinus excelsior, Carpinus ...

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.