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Selection: with tag web-and-information-technologies [37 articles] 

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 43

  
(February 2018)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   viburnum-spp   vicia-faba   vietnam   vinca-spp   vineyards   violin   viral-disease   virgin-forest   virola-koschnyi   virus   viscum-album   visual-assessment   visual-interpretation   visual-notation   visualization   vitality   vitex-keniensis   vitis-spp   vochysia-divergens   vochysia-ferruginea   vochysia-guatemalensis   volatiles   volcanic-eruptions   volunteered-geographic-information   vulnerability   vulpes-vulpes   walnut   walnut-leaf   warming   washingtonia-filifera   washingtonia-robusta   water   water-balance   water-erosion   water-impoundment   water-pollution   water-potential   water-quality   water-reservoir-management   water-reservoir-network   water-resources   water-resources-management   water-scarcity   water-security   water-storage   water-stress   water-use-efficiency   waterlogging   waves-energy   weather-modification   web-and-information-technologies   web-coverage-services   web-map-services   web-processing-services   web-services   weibull-distribution   weighting   wepp   west-africa   west-antartica   western-alps   western-asia   western-europe   western-mediterranean   westringia-fruticosa   wetland-investigations   wetlands   wheat   wicked-problem   wide-scale   wide-scale-transdisciplinary-modelling-for-environment   wide-vs-large-scale   widespread-plant-species   wiesa   wiki-communication   wild-service-tree   wilderness   wildfires   wildland-urban-interface   wilt   wind   wind-damage   wind-energy   wind-machines   wind-model   windows   windstorm   windthrow   wine-barrel   winter-robustness   wisteria-sinensis   wollemia-nobilis   women   wood-instrument   wood-market   wood-pellet   wood-production   wood-properties   wood-shreds  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

To slow or not? Challenges in subsecond networks

  
Science, Vol. 355, No. 6327. (23 February 2017), pp. 801-802, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aai8618

Abstract

[Excerpt] [...] today's electronic exchanges are an all-machine playing field with extreme subsecond operating times that lie far beyond the ∼1-s real-time response and intervention of any human. High-speed algorithms now receive, process, and respond to information on the scale of microseconds, and the only guaranteed future speed barrier is the speed of light. Hundreds of orders are executed across multiple exchange nodes within 1 ms (millisecond). [...] The need to develop a systems-level understanding concerning regulation in subsecond networks, is ...

 

Chilling effects: online surveillance and Wikipedia use

  
Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 31, No. 1. (2016), 117

Abstract

This article discusses the results of the first empirical study providing evidence of regulatory “chilling effects” of Wikipedia users associated with online government surveillance. The study explores how traffic to Wikipedia articles on topics that raise privacy concerns for Wikipedia users decreased after the widespread publicity about NSA/PRISM surveillance revelations in June 2013. Using an interdisciplinary research design, the study tests the hypothesis, based on chilling effects theory, that traffic to privacy-sensitive Wikipedia articles reduced after the mass surveillance revelations. The ...

 

Involve social scientists in defining the Anthropocene

  
Nature, Vol. 540, No. 7632. (7 December 2016), pp. 192-193, https://doi.org/10.1038/540192a

Abstract

The causes of Earth's transition are human and social, write Erle Ellis and colleagues, so scholars from those disciplines must be included in its formalization. ...

 

Take the time and effort to correct misinformation

  
Nature, Vol. 540, No. 7632. (6 December 2016), pp. 171-171, https://doi.org/10.1038/540171a

Abstract

Scientists should challenge online falsehoods and inaccuracies — and harness the collective power of the Internet to fight back, argues Phil Williamson. [Excerpt] [...] Most researchers who have tried to engage online with ill-informed journalists or pseudoscientists will be familiar with Brandolini’s law (also known as the Bullshit Asymmetry Principle): the amount of energy needed to refute bullshit is an order of magnitude bigger than that needed to produce it. Is it really worth taking the time and effort to challenge, correct and clarify ...

 

Towards a web-based collaborative weighting method in project

  
In IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics (2002), 6, https://doi.org/10.1109/icsmc.2002.1173335

Abstract

For the purpose of a product design or a project in general, weighting a set of comparable criteria has been proven to be of utmost importance (e.g. weighting product functions in value analysis - VA -, and allocating a budget in a Design-To-Cost project). Moreover the weighting problem is related to basic properties in the field of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) through the notions of ordinal transitivity and rationality in the designers' mind. How should designers or project agents decide in ...

 

The FAIR Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship

  
Scientific Data, Vol. 3 (15 March 2016), sdata201618, https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2016.18

Abstract

There is an urgent need to improve the infrastructure supporting the reuse of scholarly data. A diverse set of stakeholders—representing academia, industry, funding agencies, and scholarly publishers—have come together to design and jointly endorse a concise and measureable set of principles that we refer to as the FAIR Data Principles. The intent is that these may act as a guideline for those wishing to enhance the reusability of their data holdings. Distinct from peer initiatives that focus on the human scholar, ...

 

Web distributed computing for evolutionary training of artificial neural networks

  
In Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Technologies (InfoTech-2016) (September 2016), pp. 210-216

Abstract

Evolutionary algorithms (EAs) are widely used in artificial neural networks training. EAs are computationally interesting because it is possible ot separate the problem solving in smaller pieces and to calculate these smaller pieces on different machines (distributed computing). Distributed computing platforms are well established and the most popular is BOINC, created in Berkeley. The problem in distributed computing platforms is the heterogeneity of the computational environment. The best way for solving heterogeneity is by using well established technology such as AJAX. ...

References

  1. McCulloch, W., Pitts, W., 1943. A Logical Calculus of Ideas Immanent in Nervous Activity, Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics 5 (4): 115–133. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02478259 .
  2. Zissis, D., 2015. A cloud based architecture capable of perceiving and predicting multiple vessel behaviour, Applied Soft Computing 35.
  3. Forrest, M. D., 2015. Simulation of alcohol action upon a detailed Purkinje neuron model and a simpler surrogate model that runs >400 times faster, BMC Neuroscience 16, 27.
 

A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2016

  
Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 31, No. 1. (January 2016), pp. 44-53, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2015.11.007

Abstract

This paper presents the results of our seventh annual horizon scan, in which we aimed to identify issues that could have substantial effects on global biological diversity in the future, but are not currently widely well known or understood within the conservation community. Fifteen issues were identified by a team that included researchers, practitioners, professional horizon scanners, and journalists. The topics include use of managed bees as transporters of biological control agents, artificial superintelligence, electric pulse trawling, testosterone in the aquatic ...

 

Do voting advice applications have an effect on electoral participation and voter turnout? Evidence from the 2007 Swiss federal elections

  
In Electronic Participation, Vol. 6229 (2010), pp. 211-224, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-15158-3_18

Abstract

Voting Advice Applications (VAAs) render a valuable platform for tackling one of democracy’s central challenges: low voter turnout. Studies indicate that lack of information and cost-benefit considerations cause voters to abstain from voting. VAAs are online voting assistance tools which match own political preferences with those of candidates and parties in elections. By assisting voters in their decision-making process prior to casting their votes, VAAs not only rebut rational choice reasoning against voting but also narrow existing information gaps. In this ...

 

Keeping up to date: an academic researcher's information journey

  
Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology (1 November 2015), pp. n/a-n/a, https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.23623

Abstract

Keeping up to date with research developments is a central activity of academic researchers, but researchers face difficulties in managing the rapid growth of available scientific information. This study examined how researchers stay up to date, using the information journey model as a framework for analysis and investigating which dimensions influence information behaviors. We designed a 2-round study involving semistructured interviews and prototype testing with 61 researchers with 3 levels of seniority (PhD student to professor). Data were analyzed following a ...

 

The unsung heroes of scientific software

  
Nature, Vol. 529, No. 7584. (4 January 2016), pp. 115-116, https://doi.org/10.1038/529115a

Abstract

Creators of computer programs that underpin experiments don’t always get their due — so the website Depsy is trying to track the impact of research code. [Excerpt] For researchers who code, academic norms for tracking the value of their work seem grossly unfair. They can spend hours contributing to software that underpins research, but if that work does not result in the authorship of a research paper and accompanying citations, there is little way to measure its impact. [\n] [...] Depsy’s creators hope that their ...

 

Annotating the scholarly web

  
Nature, Vol. 528, No. 7580. (1 December 2015), pp. 153-154, https://doi.org/10.1038/528153a

Abstract

Scientific publishers are forging links with an organization that wants scientists to scribble comments over online research papers. [Excerpt] Would researchers scrawl notes, critiques and comments across online research papers if software made the annotation easy for them? Dan Whaley, founder of the non-profit organization Hypothes.is, certainly thinks so. [\n] Whaley's start-up company has built an open-source software platform for web annotations that allows users to highlight text or to comment on any web page or PDF file. And on 1 December, Hypothes.is announced ...

 

A web accessible environmental model base: a tool for natural resources management

  
In MODSIM 1997 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation Proceedings (1997), pp. 657-663

Abstract

An environmental model base, accessible via the World-Wide Web, is presented. The information stored in this model base can be retrieved using various methods such as structured queries, full text search, exact and approximate keyword search. These search tools help the environmental modeller to find a suitable model to solve their modelling problem. The modeller is then presented with a set of information, regarding the models matching the query, including source and executable code, user manuals, and references to supplemental documentation. ...

References

  1. Abel, D.J., K. L. Taylor, D. Kuo, Integrating modelling systems for environmental management infomuttion systems, ACM Sigmod, 26(1), 1997a.
  2. Abel, D.J., V. Garde, K. L Taylor, X. Zhou, SMART: towards Internet marketplaces, Technical Report, CSIRO Mathematical and Information Sciences, Canberra, Australia, 1997b.
  3. Ba, S., R. Kalakota, A.B. Whinston. Using client-broker-server architecture for Intranet decision support. . Decision Support Systems, 19(3), 1997.
  4. Berners-Lee, T., R. CaiHatt, A.
 

MediaWiki

  
(2009)

Abstract

Though it appears simple to use at first glance, MediaWiki has extraordinarily powerful and deep capabilities for managing and organizing knowledge. In corporate environments, MediaWiki can transform the way teams write and collaborate. This comprehensive book covers MediaWiki's rich (and sometimes subtle) features, helping you become a wiki expert in no time. You'll learn how to: Find your way around by effective searching and browsing; Create and edit articles, categories, and user preferences; Use advanced features for authors, such as templates, ...

 

Putting humans in the loop: Social computing for Water Resources Management

  
Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 37 (November 2012), pp. 68-77, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2012.03.002

Abstract

The advent of online services, social networks, crowdsourcing, and serious Web games has promoted the emergence of a novel computation paradigm, where complex tasks are solved by exploiting the capacity of human beings and computer platforms in an integrated way. Water Resources Management systems can take advantage of human and social computation in several ways: collecting and validating data, complementing the analytic knowledge embodied in models with tacit knowledge from individuals and communities, using human sensors to monitor the variation of ...

 

Five years from now, CMOs will spend more on IT than CIOs do

  
(2014)

Abstract

[Excerpt] Marketing is now a fundamental driver of IT purchasing, and that trend shows no signs of stopping –or even slowing down –any time soon. In fact, Gartner analyst Laura McLellan recently predicted that by 2017, CMOs will spend more on IT than their counterpart CIOs. At first, that prediction may sound a bit over the top. (In just five years from now, CMOs are going to be spending more on IT than CIOs do?) But, consider this: 1) As ...

 

Digital diaspora in the enterprise: arrival of the CDO and CCO

  
(2014)

Abstract

While the C-suite sometimes seems too crowded today, it's also clear that technology is underrepresented in the leadership circle as digital in all its forms deeply infuses the modern organization. ...

 

Online collaboration: scientists and the social network

  
Nature, Vol. 512, No. 7513. (13 August 2014), pp. 126-129, https://doi.org/10.1038/512126a

Abstract

Giant academic social networks have taken off to a degree that no one expected even a few years ago. A Nature survey explores why. ...

 

The model web: a concept for ecological forecasting

  
In Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2007. IGARSS 2007. IEEE International (July 2007), pp. 2469-2472, https://doi.org/10.1109/igarss.2007.4423343

Abstract

Ecological forecasting capabilities are constrained by the interoperability of ecological and related models, among other things. This limits the types of questions that can be practically addressed, as well as the range of users that can ask them. We are exploring the concept of an ecological model web, an open-ended system of interoperable computer models and databases, with machine and end-user Internet access via web services. The 5-10 year vision includes a distributed network of inter operating models; that grows organically ...

 

Environmental model access and interoperability: the GEO Model Web initiative

  
Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 39 (January 2013), pp. 214-228, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2012.03.007

Abstract

The Group on Earth Observation (GEO) Model Web initiative utilizes a Model as a Service approach to increase model access and sharing. It relies on gradual, organic growth leading towards dynamic webs of interacting models, analogous to the World Wide Web. The long term vision is for a consultative infrastructure that can help address “what if” and other questions that decision makers and other users have. Four basic principles underlie the Model Web: open access, minimal barriers to entry, service-driven, and ...

 

Spatial Computing and Social Media in the Context of Disaster Management

  
Intelligent Systems, IEEE, Vol. 27, No. 6. (November 2012), pp. 90-96, https://doi.org/10.1109/mis.2012.113

Abstract

The growing trend of using smartphones and other GPS-enabled devices has provided new opportunities for developing spatial computing applications and technologies in unanticipated and unprecedented ways. Some capabilities of today's smartphones highlight the potential of citizen sensors to enable the next generation of geoinformatics. One promising application area for this is social media and its application to disaster management. Dynamic, real-time incident information collected from onsite human responders about the extent of damage, the evolution of the event, the community's needs, ...

 

The Emergence of Social and Community Intelligence

  
Computer, Vol. 44, No. 7. (July 2011), pp. 21-28, https://doi.org/10.1109/mc.2011.65

Abstract

Social and community intelligence research aims to reveal individual and group behaviors, social interactions, and community dynamics by mining the digital traces that people leave while interacting with Web applications, static infrastructure, and mobile and wearable devices. ...

 

Citizen Sensing, Social Signals, and Enriching Human Experience

  
Internet Computing, IEEE, Vol. 13, No. 4. (July 2009), pp. 87-92, https://doi.org/10.1109/mic.2009.77

Abstract

In this article, I introduce the exciting paradigm of citizen sensing enabled by mobile sensors and human computing - that is, humans as citizens on the ubiquitous Web, acting as sensors and sharing their observations and views using mobile devices and Web 2.0 services. ...

 

Cyberinfrastructure vision for 21st century discovery

  
No. NSF 07-28. (2007)

Abstract

[Executive summary] NSF’s Cyberinfrastructure Vision for 21st Century Discovery is presented in a set of interrelated chapters that describe the various challenges and opportunities in the complementary areas that make up cyberinfrastructure: computing systems, data, information resources, networking, digitally enabled-sensors, instruments, virtual organizations, and observatories, along with an interoperable suite of software services and tools. This technology is complemented by the interdisciplinary teams of professionals that are responsible for its development, deployment and its use in transformative approaches to scientific and ...

 

Re-Mediating Research Ethics

  
Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, Vol. 32, No. 6. (01 December 2012), pp. 497-506, https://doi.org/10.1177/0270467612469074

Abstract

This article is a theoretical and empirical exploration of the meaning that accompanies contractual agreements, such as the End-User License Agreements (EULAs) that participants of online communities are required to sign as a condition of participation. As our study indicates, clicking “I agree” on the often lengthy conditions presented during the installation and updating process typically permits third parties (including researchers) to monitor the digitally-mediated actions of users. Through our small-scale study in which we asked participants which terms of EULAs ...

 

Web services for forest data, analysis and monitoring: developments from EuroGEOSS

  
IEEE Earthzine, Vol. 5, No. 2. (2012), 389531

Abstract

[Introduction] Forests play a crucial role in timber production, maintenance and development of biodiversity and in carbon sequestration and storage. However, the reliable information on forest extent, type and change, which is so important to policy makers and managers, is frequently inconsistent, incomplete and out of sync between countries and continents. In this article, we describe components developed in line with the GEOSS and INSPIRE frameworks, which access and use distributed forest information at different spatial scales, and demonstrate how these ...

 

Improving Access, Utility and Analyses of FAO Forestry Statistics via Geographic Web-based Services

  
IEEE Earthzine, Vol. 5, No. 2. (2012), 378146

Abstract

[Introduction] Forests cover about four billion hectares, or 30 percent, of the Earth’s land area (FAO, 2010). At all spatial scales, from global to local, trees and forests play a critical role in human livelihoods, as well as ecosystem function and health. Monitoring the forest resource requires accurate and timely information on both extent and area change over time. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) evaluates and compiles data on the state of the world’s forests in the ...

 

Fire news management in the context of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS)

  
In proceedings of "Quinta conferenza italiana sul software geografico e sui dati geografici liberi" (GFOSS DAY 2012) (2012), https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.101918

Abstract

[Introduction] The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) has been established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the Directorate General for Environment (DG ENV) of the European Commission (EC) in close collaboration with the Member States and neighbor countries. EFFIS is intended as complementary system to national and regional systems in the countries, which provides harmonized information required for international collaboration on forest fire prevention and fighting and in cases of trans-boundary fire events. It provides updated information before (fire ...

References

  1. Annoni, A., Craglia, M., de Roo, A., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., 2010. Earth observations and dynamic mapping: Key assets for risk management. In: Konecny, M., Zlatanova, S., Bandrova, T. L. (Eds.), Geographic Information and Cartography for Risk and Crisis Management. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 3-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03442-8_1 .
  2. Bishr, M., Kuhn, W., 2007. Geospatial information Bottom-Up: A matter of trust and semantics. In: Fabrikant, S., Wachowicz, M. (Eds.), The European
 

Learning jQuery better interaction design and web development with simple JavaScript techniques

  
(2007)

Abstract

jQuery is a powerful JavaScript library that can enhance your websites regardless of your background. In this book, creators of the popular jQuery learning resource, learningquery.com, share their knowledge, experience, and enthusiasm about jQuery to help you get the most from the library and to make your web applications shine. For designers, jQuery leverages existing CSS and HTML skills, allowing you to dynamically find and change any aspect of a page. This book provides a gentle introduction to jQuery concepts, allowing ...

 

Introduction to Django

  
In The Definitive Guide to Django (2008), pp. 3-9, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4302-0331-5_1

Abstract

This book is about Django, aWeb development framework that saves you time and makes Web development a joy. Using Django, you can build and maintain high-quality Web applications with minimal fuss. ...

 

Standards and Infrastructure for Innovation Data Exchange

  
Science, Vol. 338, No. 6104. (12 October 2012), pp. 196-197, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1221840
 

Geospatial Information Bottom-Up: A Matter of Trust and Semantics

  
The European Information Society In The European Information Society (2007), pp. 365-387, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-72385-1_22

Abstract

Geographic Information Science and business are facing a new challenge: understanding and exploiting data and services emerging from online communities. In the emerging technologies of the social web, GI user roles switched from being data consumers to become data producers, the challenge we argue is in making this generated GI usable. As a use case we point to the increasing demands for up-to-date geographic information combined with the high cost of maintenance which present serious challenges to data providers. In this ...

 

Geospatial semantics: why, of what, and how?

  
Journal on Data Semantics III In Journal on Data Semantics III, Vol. 3534 (2005), pp. 1-24, https://doi.org/10.1007/11496168_1

Abstract

Why are notions like semantics and ontologies suddenly getting so much attention, within and outside geospatial information communities? The main reason lies in the componentization of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) into services, which are supposed to interoperate within and across these communities. Consequently, I look at geospatial semantics in the context of semantic interoperability. The paper clarifies the relevant notion of semantics and shows what parts of geospatial information need to receive semantic specifications in order to achieve interoperability. No attempt ...

 

Toward the Semantic Geospatial Web

  
In Proceedings of the 10th ACM International Symposium on Advances in Geographic Information Systems (2002), pp. 1-4, https://doi.org/10.1145/585147.585148

Abstract

With the growth of the World Wide Web has come the insight that currently available methods for finding and using information on the web are often insufficient. In order to move the Web from a data repository to an information resource, a totally new way of organizing information is needed. The advent of the Semantic Web promises better retrieval methods by incorporating the data's semantics and exploiting the semantics during the search process. Such a development needs special attention from the ...

 

Wildfires in Europe: the analysis of past and future trends within the European Forest Fire Information System

  
In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, Vol. 12 (May 2010), 15401

Abstract

Forest fires are an integral part of forest dynamics. They have been largely influential in shaping the forest landscape of Europe, especially in the Mediterranean region. Fire event data collected by the countries in the region date back to the 1980s, although longer time series, although less accurate, can be reconstructed on the basis of major events in the region. At the European level, efforts of the countries and the European government to set up forest fire information systems were initiated in the early 1980s; ...

 

Impact of ICT in environmental sciences: a citation analysis 1990-2007

  
Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 24, No. 7. (July 2009), pp. 865-871, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2008.11.013

Abstract

Detecting trends on the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in the domain of environmental sciences is important to foresee new frontiers of modelling and software research. Here we analyze the impact of ICT in scientific papers published from 1990 to 2007 in all ISI journals and in those belonging to the Environmental Sciences category only. We thus determine some expanding, fluctuating or unexploited research directions. Quite unexpectedly, we find that the frequency of occurrence of many, yet not all, ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database. http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/web-and-information-technologies

Publication metadata

Bibtex, RIS, RSS/XML feed, Json, Dublin Core

Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
Search only within the INRMM-MiD publication records:
Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.