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Selection: with tag water-reservoir-management [23 articles] 


At the nexus of fire, water and society

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 371, No. 1696. (23 May 2016), 20150172,


The societal risks of water scarcity and water-quality impairment have received considerable attention, evidenced by recent analyses of these topics by the 2030 Water Resources Group, the United Nations and the World Economic Forum. What are the effects of fire on the predicted water scarcity and declines in water quality? Drinking water supplies for humans, the emphasis of this exploration, are derived from several land cover types, including forests, grasslands and peatlands, which are vulnerable to fire. In the last two ...


Dam-building threatens Mekong fisheries

Science, Vol. 354, No. 6316. (02 December 2016), pp. 1084-1085,


[Excerpt] Every April, the pa nyawn catfish would make their way up the Mekong River to spawn, crowding through a narrow channel that skirts Khone Falls in southern Laos. Villagers netted the thumb-sized fish by the hundreds of thousands. Then, in 2014, work started on Don Sahong Dam, which straddles the channel. Although the dam won't be completed for another 2 years, construction has already cut off the migration and destroyed the fishing sites, says Zeb Hogan, a biologist with the ...


From dwindling ice to headwater lakes: could dams replace glaciers in the European Alps?

Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 11, No. 5. (01 May 2016), 054022,


The potential exploitation of areas becoming ice-free in response to ongoing climate change has rarely been addressed, although it could be of interest from the water management perspective. Here we present an estimate for the potential of mitigating projected changes in seasonal water availability from melting glaciers by managing runoff through reservoirs. For the European Alps we estimate that by the end of the century, such a strategy could offset up to 65% of the expected summer-runoff changes from presently glacierized ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 38

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   vinca-spp   vineyards   violin   viral-disease   virgin-forest   virola-koschnyi   viscum-album   visual-assessment   visual-interpretation   visual-notation   visualization   vitality   vitex-keniensis   vitis-spp   vochysia-divergens   vochysia-ferruginea   vochysia-guatemalensis   volatiles   volcanic-eruptions   volunteered-geographic-information   vulnerability   walnut   walnut-leaf   warming   washingtonia-filifera   washingtonia-robusta   water   water-balance   water-erosion   water-impoundment   water-potential   water-quality   water-reservoir-management   water-reservoir-network   water-resources   water-resources-management   water-scarcity   water-security   water-storage   water-stress   water-use-efficiency   waterlogging   waves-energy   web-and-information-technologies   web-coverage-services   web-map-services   web-processing-services   web-services   weibull-distribution   weighting   wepp   west-antartica   western-alps   western-asia   western-europe   western-mediterranean   westringia-fruticosa   wetland-investigations   wetlands   wheat   wicked-problem   wide-scale   wide-scale-transdisciplinary-modelling-for-environment   widespread-plant-species   wiesa   wiki-communication   wild-service-tree   wilderness   wildfires   wilt   wind   wind-damage   wind-energy   wind-model   windstorm   windthrow   wine-barrel   winter-robustness   wisteria-sinensis   wollemia-nobilis   wood-instrument   wood-market   wood-pellet   wood-production   wood-properties   wood-shreds   wood-structure   wood-technology   wooden-artifact   wooden-foundation   woodland   woods   woodworm   woody-species   word-processor-errors   work-life-balance   workflow   workflow-dependencies   worldclim  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Erosion and suspended sediment transfer in river catchments: environmental controls, processes and problems

Geography, Vol. 82, No. 4. (1997), pp. 353-376


This article discusses some of the environmental problems caused by soil erosion and suspended sediment transfer in a range of environments across the world. The principal controls on water erosion and global patterns of sediment yield are briefly outlined and a series of examples are used to highlight the nature of fine sediment transfer and storage in river catchments. Land use change may trigger large increases in soil erosion and declines in soil fertility. Major economic losses may follow as downstream ...


The Management of Lake Como: A Multiobjective Analysis

Water Resources Research, Vol. 22, No. 2. (1 February 1986), pp. 109-120,


This paper describes a heuristic approach for improving the performance of multipurpose reservoirs that have already been in operation for a certain number of years. The main characteristic of the method is that the analyst must first learn from the past experience of the manager and synthesize it into a simple operating rule. Then, the analyst must point out, with the help of the manager, what the acceptable modifications of such a rule are. After this has been accomplished, the optimal ...


  1. Bogle, M. G. V., and M. J. O'Sullivan, Stochastic optimization of a water supply system, Water Resour. Res., 15(4), 778-786, 1979.
  2. Colton, I. L, and D. H. Marks, A review and evaluation of multiob-jective programming techniques, Water Resour. Res., 11(2), 208-219, 1975.
  3. Gal, S., Optimal management of a multireservoir water supply syStem, Water Remo. Rm., 15(4), 737-749, 1979.
  4. Helweg, 0. L, R. W. Rinks, and D.

The Neighbor Search approach applied to reservoir optimal operation: the Hoa Binh case study

No. hal-00698200. (2006)


[Conclusion] The focus of this thesis is to show, through a real-case application, how the NS can be useful to improve the decision-making process for multi-objectives reservoir operation planning. After a survey of the principal techniques employed in literature to solve such problems, the NS algorithm has been discussed. Further, the case-study has been presented. Hoa Binh is the largest reservoir in Vietnam, providing 40% of its total power supplies and protecting the capital Hanoi from major flooding events. This double purpose generates conflicts in its management ...


  1. Arnold, E., Tatjewski, P., Wolochowicz, P., 1994. Two methods for large-scale nonlinear optimization and their comparison on a case study of hydropower optimization. Journal of Optimization Theory Applications 81 (2), 221–248.
  2. Back, T., Fogel, D. B., Michalewicz, Z. (Eds.), 1997. Handbook of Evolutionary Computation.
  3. Bristol, New York: Institute of Physics Publishing and Oxford University Press.
  4. Barros, M., Tsai, F., Yang, S., Yeh, W., 2003. Optimization of large-scale hydropower

Putting humans in the loop: Social computing for Water Resources Management

Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 37 (November 2012), pp. 68-77,


The advent of online services, social networks, crowdsourcing, and serious Web games has promoted the emergence of a novel computation paradigm, where complex tasks are solved by exploiting the capacity of human beings and computer platforms in an integrated way. Water Resources Management systems can take advantage of human and social computation in several ways: collecting and validating data, complementing the analytic knowledge embodied in models with tacit knowledge from individuals and communities, using human sensors to monitor the variation of ...


Parallel discrete differential dynamic programming for multireservoir operation

Environmental Modelling & Software (2014),


[Highlights] • Time cost is crucial to operations of large-scale hydropower systems (LSHSs). • Parallelism of discrete differential dynamic programming (PDDDP) is proposed. • PDDDP enhances the computing efficiency and makes full use of multi-core resources. • PDDDP shows its potential practicability and validity for operations of LSHSs. [Abstract] The curse of dimensionality and computational time cost are a great challenge to operation of large-scale hydropower systems (LSHSs) in China because computer memory and computational time increase exponentially with increasing number ...


Strategies for managing reservoir sedimentation

International Journal of Sediment Research, Vol. 24, No. 4. (December 2009), pp. 369-384,


Sediment deposition in reservoirs has caused the loss of 66% of the reservoir capacity in China. The main sedimentation control strategies are: 1) storing the clear water and releasing the turbid water; 2) releasing turbidity currents; 3) Draw-down flushing and empty flushing; and 4) dredging. The paper summarizes these strategies with examples. Sediment transport in many Chinese rivers occurs mostly during the 2–4 month flood season, that is, 80–90% of the annual sediment load is transported with 50–60% of the annual ...


PROFILE: hungry water: effects of dams and gravel mining on river channels

Environmental Management In Environmental Management, Vol. 21, No. 4. (21 July 1997), pp. 533-551,


Rivers transport sediment from eroding uplands to depositional areas near sea level. If the continuity of sediment transport is interrupted by dams or removal of sediment from the channel by gravel mining, the flow may become sediment-starved (hungry water) and prone to erode the channel bed and banks, producing channel incision (downcutting), coarsening of bed material, and loss of spawning gravels for salmon and trout (as smaller gravels are transported without replacement from upstream). Gravel is artificially added to the River Rhine to prevent further incision and to ...


Classification of geomorphological effects downstream of dams

CATENA, Vol. 40, No. 4. (August 2000), pp. 375-401,


The effects of dams on downstream geomorphology are reviewed and a typology is devised, consisting of nine cases. The classification can be seen as a further development of Lane's balance between water discharge, sediment load, grain size, and river slope. Depending on changes in released water flow and changes in released sediment load, relative to the transport capacity of the flow, it is possible to estimate resulting cross-sectional geomorphology. The longitudinal extent of changes and their variability with time, and the ...


Climate change impacts on hydropower in the Swiss and Italian Alps

Science of The Total Environment (November 2013),


This paper provides a synthesis and comparison of methodologies and results obtained in several studies devoted to the impact of climate change on hydropower. By putting into perspective various case studies, we provide a broader context and improved understanding of climate changes on energy production. We also underline the strengths and weaknesses of the approaches used as far as technical, physical and economical aspects are concerned. Although the catchments under investigation are located close to each other in geographic terms (Swiss ...


Reservoir-system simulation and optimization techniques

Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment In Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, Vol. 27, No. 7. (2013), pp. 1751-1772,


Reservoir operation is one of the challenging problems for water resources planners and managers. In developing countries the end users are represented by the water sectors in most parts and conflict over water is resolved at the agency level. This paper discusses an overview of simulation and optimization modeling methods utilized in resolving critical issues with regard to reservoir systems. In designing a highly efficient as well as effective dam and reservoir operational system, reservoir simulation constitutes one of the most ...


Use of decision support systems for improved planning and operation of large dams along the Victoria Nile



This research proposal considers the regulation of Lake Victoria, Kyoga and Albert in East Africa, from a wider ecological and stakeholder perspective. An accelerated decrease of lake Victoria Levels that can be attributed to a period of drought and exceesive release of water to satisy hydropower demands now poses significant risks to aquatic ecosystems, navigation facilities, and livelihoods of Equatorial Lake communities and other riparian states that depend on the Nile. There is thus an urgent and current need to focus on the improvement of the ...


Tapping unsustainable groundwater stores for agricultural production in the High Plains Aquifer of Kansas, projections to 2110

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, No. 37. (10 August 2013), pp. E3477-E3486,


Groundwater provides a reliable tap to sustain agricultural production, yet persistent aquifer depletion threatens future sustainability. The High Plains Aquifer supplies 30% of the nation’s irrigated groundwater, and the Kansas portion supports the congressional district with the highest market value for agriculture in the nation. We project groundwater declines to assess when the study area might run out of water, and comprehensively forecast the impacts of reduced pumping on corn and cattle production. So far, 30% of the groundwater has been ...


Decision support systems for water management: The Lake Como case study

European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 21, No. 3. (September 1985), pp. 295-306,


We review an application-oriented study on the management of Lake Como, a natural multipurpose reservoir in Northern Italy. The emphasis is on the Decision Support System that resulted from this study and which is now being used by the manager to take his decisions on the amount of water to be released each day from the lake. The decision support system is based on the optimal solutions of complex multiobjective mathematical programming problems. ...


Simulation–Optimization Modeling: A Survey and Potential Application in Reservoir Systems Operation

Water Resources Management In Water Resources Management, Vol. 24, No. 6. (2010), pp. 1107-1138,


This paper presents a survey of simulation and optimization modeling approaches used in reservoir systems operation problems. Optimization methods have been proved of much importance when used with simulation modeling and the two approaches when combined give the best results. The main objective of this review article is to discuss simulation, optimization and combined simulation–optimization modeling approach and to provide an overview of their applications reported in literature. In addition to classical optimization techniques, application and scope of computational intelligence techniques, ...


On-line design of water reservoir policies based on inflow prediction

IFAC-PapersOnLine In Proceedings of the 17th IFAC World Congress, Vol. 41, No. 2. (06 July 2008), pp. 14540-14545,


Stochastic Dynamic Programming (SDP) is the method most extensively adopted to design release policies for water reservoir networks. However, it suffers of the well known "curse of dimensionality", which actually limits its applicability to small reservoir networks. In this paper we present an on-line approach to policy design that not only constitutes a viable alternative to overcome the SDP limits, but can also be used with an inflow predictor to improve the performance of SDPbased off-line policies. This latter possibility is ...


Threats from India's Himalaya Dams

Science, Vol. 339, No. 6115. (04 January 2013), pp. 36-37,


To meet surging domestic energy demand, provide power to the largest population in the world that lacks electricity (>400 million people), and reduce rapidly growing CO2 emissions, the Government of India (GOI) has embarked on a fast-track dam-building program. Over the next several decades, the GOI aims to construct 292 dams throughout the Indian Himalaya, doubling current hydropower capacity and contributing ∼6% to projected national energy needs by 2030 (1). With the use of coal set to expand, India's total carbon ...


Choosing among infinite alternatives

In Integrated and participatory water resources management theory (2007), pp. 223-242


In Chapter 7 we understood that, even when the Decision Maker (DM) is acting in conditions of full rationality, the design of the alternatives poses three difficulties: the presence of infinite alternatives; the presence of uncertainty produced by random disturbances; and the presence of recursive decisions. In this chapter, we begin to describe the tools to overcome these difficulties by analysing the Design Problem in the simplest of cases: the case in which the actions being considered are all planning actions ...


Integrated and participatory water resources management - Theory



Covering the more recent advances in Modelling, Planning, Management and Negotiations for Integrated Water Resource Management, this text brings together knowledge and concepts from Hydrology, System Analysis, Control Theory, Conflict Resolution, and Decision and Negotiation Theory. Without compromising on mathematical rigour, the book maintains a fine line between theory and application, methodology and tools, avoiding getting locked into excessively theoretical and formal development of the issues discussed. The non-technical aspects of water resource systems (such as societal, political and legal concerns) ...


Neuro-dynamic programming for the efficient management of reservoir networks

In Proceedings of MODSIM 2001, International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, Vol. 4 (December 2001), pp. 1949-1954,


[:Significance (Ed.)] This article introduced in 2001 one of the very first successful applications of advanced machine learning techniques to solve complex, multicriteria management problems in water resources dealing with networks of water reservoirs. It applied approximate dynamic programming (here, neuro-dynamic programming - whose approximation of stochastic dynamic programming relies on artificial neural networks) to the integrated water resources management. The methodology is general enough to be potentially useful in other problems of integrated natural resources modelling and management (INRMM). [::Machine learning in ...


  1. Bellman, R.E., Dreyfus, S.E., 1959. Functional approximations and dynamic programming. Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation, 13, pp. 247–251.
  2. Bertsekas, D.P., Tsitsiklis, J.N., 1996. Neuro-Dynamic Programming. Athena Scientific, Belmont, MA. INRMM-MiD:206209 .
  3. Georgakakos, A.P., Marks, D.H., 1987. A new method for real-time operation of reservoir systems. Water Resour. Res., 23(7), pp. 1376–1390.
  4. Georgakakos, A.P., 1989. Extended Linear Quadratic Gaussian Control for the real-time operation of reservoir
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