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Selection: with tag switzerland [24 articles] 


Investigation of root reinforcement decay after a forest fire in a Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) protection forest

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 400 (September 2017), pp. 339-352,


[Highlights] [::] Engineering resilience of Scots pine 4 years after forest fire has been quantified. [::] Spatial distribution of root reinforcement (RR) has been modeled. [::] RR decay by a factor of 3.6, 4 years after a stand replacing forest fire. [::] Natural regeneration has almost no root reinforcement 4 years after fire. [::] Decay of root mechanical properties determine most of RR loss. [Abstract] Natural disturbances may cause a temporary reduction or elimination of the protective effect of forests. The management of protection forests aims to influence ...


Post-fire spread of alien plant species in a mixed broad-leaved forest of the Insubric region

Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, Vol. 207, No. 1. (January 2012), pp. 19-29,


How do tree species regenerate and which ecological conditions are required after forest fire in the Insubric region of the Alps? Are indigenous stand-forming tree species resistant over the invasion of alien plant species after such a disturbance? We addressed these questions in a case study in the Swiss canton of Ticino. In April 2006, a surface fire with severe intensity burnt a forest area of 55 ha on a south-facing slope (400–800 m.a.s.l.). The dominant trees in the investigated area ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 39

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   stakeholder-and-community-participation   stand-composition   stand-density   stand-structure   standard   standardized-precipitation-evapotranspiration-index   standardized-precipitation-index   staphylea-colchica   staphylea-pinnata   staphylococcus-aureus   state-shift   stationarity   statistical-downscaling   statistics   stegophora-ulmea   stem-canker   stem-rot   stem-rust   stepping-stones   sterculia-foetida   sterculia-urens   sterilization   sternochetus-mangiferae   stigmella-spp   stochastic-dynamic-programming   stochastic-state-transition   stomatal-conductance   stone-weierstrass-theorem   stoniness   storage   storm   storm-intensity   strategy   strategy-vs-tactic   stratification   string-instrument   strix-uralensis   strobus   strom   strophosoma-melanogrammus   structure   stryphnodendron-microstachyum   stunting   subalpine   subalpine-belt   subtropical-areas   subtropical-climate   subtropical-forest   subtropical-forests   subtropical-mountain-system   succession   succession-pathways   sudden-changes   sudden-oak-death   sudden-transition   sudden-transitions   sulphates   sulphur   sumava-national-park   sun   super-derecho   super-terminal-speed   supervised-training   supply-chain   support-vector-machines   supporting-services   surface-roughness   surprise   survey   survival   sus-scrofa   susceptibility   sustainability   sustainable-development   sustainable-forest   sustainable-forest-management   sustainable-forestry   sweden   swietenia-macrophylla   swiss   switzerland   syagrus-romanzoffiana   sycamore   symbiosis   symphoricarpos-albus   symphoricarpos-spp   symphytum-tauricum   symptoms   synanthropic-species   synergy   synonyms   syntax-vs-semantics   syntaxonomy   system   system-catastrophe   system-dynamics   system-engineering   system-of-systems   system-theory  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Biomass and primary productivity of an Alnus viridis stand - a case study from the Schächental valley, Switzerland

Botanica Helvetica In Botanica Helvetica, Vol. 116, No. 1. (23 June 2006), pp. 55-64,


Abstract.  Wiedmer E. and Senn-Irlet B. 2006. Biomass and primary productivity of an Alnus viridis stand – a case study from the Schchental valley, Switzerland. Bot. Helv. 116: 55–64. Green alder (Alnus viridis) stands are spreading rapidly in the subalpine belt of the Swiss Alps. To understand this rapid colonisation, estimates of above ground biomass and net primary productivity were made in an old-growth pure stand of Alnus viridis in central Switzerland. A total above-ground biomass of 89.3 t ha−1 was recorded, to which ...


Carbon storage versus albedo change: radiative forcing of forest expansion in temperate mountainous regions of Switzerland

Biogeosciences, Vol. 12, No. 2. (27 January 2015), pp. 467-487,


In this study, we assess the climate mitigation potential from afforestation in a mountainous snow-rich region (Switzerland) with strongly varying environmental conditions. Using radiative forcing calculations, we quantify both the carbon sequestration potential and the effect of albedo change at high resolution. We calculate the albedo radiative forcing based on remotely sensed data sets of albedo, global radiation and snow cover. Carbon sequestration is estimated from changes in carbon stocks based on national inventories. We first estimate the spatial pattern of ...


Environmental portfolio of central European tree species (Appendix S1)



The PorTree project has generated a suite of species distribution (=habitat suitability) models (SDMs) for tree species of the European Alps. These encompass all major tree species of Switzerland, and include also some that can be expected to become suitable under climate change in the near or farther future. To do so, we compiled forest inventory data for the whole Alps, spanning the whole country area of Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia, and including the parts the Alps and adjacent areas for ...


Waldgesellschaften der Schweiz auf floristischer Grundlage. Statistisch überarbeitete Fassung der "Waldgesellschaften und Waldstandorte der Schweiz" von Heinz Ellenberg und Frank Klötzli (1972)

Mitteilung der Eidgenossischen Forschung fur Wald, Schnee und Landschaft, Vol. 73, No. 2. (1998), pp. 91-357


Classification of Swiss forest vegetation with floristic data In their classification of Swiss forest vegetation, Ellenberg and Klötzli (1972) defined 71 communities based on floristic, physiognomic and ecological considerations. Since the publi- cation appeared, the classification system served as a reference for ecological and silvicultural studies. We tested the original vegetation data for statistical reliability, and incorporated ...


Kirschbaum - Projekt Förderung seltener Baumarten



Viele Förster und Kreisförster verstanden die Welt (und den Wald) nicht mehr, als sie im Projekt Förderung seltener Baumarten dem Kirschbaum begegneten: "Der Kirschbaum ist doch nicht selten!" meinten sie. Das zeigt, dass viele Praktiker intuitiv die Begriffe Seltenheit und Gefährdung gleich setzen. Zwar begegnen wir – anders als dem Speierling und der Wildbirne – dem Kirschbaum fast täglich im Wald, doch ohne ihm die gleiche Aufmerksamkeit zu schenken wie den Hauptbaumarten. Viele Eigenschaften des Kirschbaums ...


Combining plant and animal traits to assess community functional responses to disturbance

Ecography, Vol. 32, No. 2. (1 April 2009), pp. 299-309,


There is a general consensus that functional traits are reliable indicators of adaptation of organisms to particular environmental characteristics. In this study we relate the combined distributions of species traits of plants and animals to disturbance regimes in chestnut forests of southern Switzerland affected by regular winter fires. We used co-inertia analysis for combining the trait response of 471 invertebrate species (117 001 individuals) and 81 plant species at 23 sites with different fire and cutting histories. Trait response was assessed by ...


Investigations on the runoff generation at the profile and plot scales, Swiss Emmental

Hydrological Processes, Vol. 20, No. 2. (15 February 2006), pp. 377-394,


This article describes an investigation on runoff generation at different scales in the forested catchment of the Sperbelgraben in the Emmental region (Swiss Prealps) where studies in the field of forest hydrology have a history of 100 years. It focuses on the analysis of soil profiles and the subsequent sprinkling experiments above them (1 m2), as well as on surface runoff measurements on larger plots (50 to 110 m2). In the Sperbelgraben investigation area, two very distinct runoff reactions could be ...


Modelling the eco-cultural niche of giant chestnut trees: new insights into land use history in southern Switzerland through distribution analysis of a living heritage

Journal of Historical Geography, Vol. 38, No. 4. (October 2012), pp. 372-386,


During the Middle Ages and the early modern period the cultivation of the chestnut tree became dominant in various mountain regions in Western Europe. Large numbers of giant chestnut trees have been reported throughout the continent that may be considered the living heritage of this period. In this paper we used a systematic inventory of giant chestnut trees in southern Switzerland for reconstructing the eco-cultural niche related to the long-term cultivation and conservation of such remarkable trees. To this purpose we ...


Climate change impacts on tree species, forest properties, and ecosystem services

In Toward Quantitative Scenarios of Climate Change Impacts in Switzerland (2014), pp. 79-88


[::] Swiss forests experience strong impacts under the CH2011 scenarios, partly even for the low greenhouse gas scenario RCP3PD. Negative impacts prevail in low-elevation forests, whereas mostly positive impacts are expected in high-elevation forests. [::] Major changes in the distribution of the two most important tree species, Norway spruce and European beech, are expected. Growth conditions for spruce improve in a broad range of scenarios at presently cool high-elevation sites with plentiful preci- pitation, but in the ...


Gebirgsnadelwaelder : ein praxisorientierter Leitfaden fuer eine standortgerechte Waldbehandlung | Groenekennis



Das Buch möchte das Verständnis für die komplexen Abläufe in den Wäldern unserer Gebirge wecken und ihre Betreuung in einfacher und verständlicher Form näherbringen. Lust und Freude zum Ergründen und Beobachten sollen geweckt werden. Mit Hilfe von praxisnahen Beobachtungsanregungen wird die Entscheidungsfindung in der Waldbetreuung erleichtert und die Vertrautheit mit den Gebirgsnadelwäldern nähergebracht. Mit dem wissenschaftlich fundierten, jedoch einfach geschriebenen Sachbuch soll neben Fachleuten vor allem ein breiter Kreis von Interessierten angesprochen werden. Charakter und Dynamik der verbreitetsten Lebensgemeinschaften der Gebirgswälder ...


Flora Helvetica

Feddes Repertorium In Flora Helvetica, Vol. 108, No. 5-6. (18 April 2008), pp. 477-478,
edited by G. Natho
Keywords: switzerland   vegetation  


The work covers almost all the wild plants in Switzerland. Each record includes one or two color photographs and descriptions including thee most useful characteristics for determination. Latin nomenclature, with German, French and Italian equivalents as well as information on taxonomy, ecology and chorology, distribution maps and frequency indices. In addition, topics such as toxicity, pharmaceutical utility and legal protection of different species are covered. A comprehensive key allows full identification of the species described. ...


L'abete bianco (Abies alba) (2006)
Keywords: abies-alba   ecology   switzerland   ungulate  

A case study of forest change in the Swiss lowlands

Landscape Ecology In Landscape Ecology, Vol. 14, No. 6. (1999), pp. 567-576,


This paper presents a regional case study of forest development and the history of forest use and management in the north-eastern lowlands of Switzerland during the 19th and 20th centuries. The analysis draws on historical documents related to forestry to consider the following aspects of forest change: forest types, growing stock, trees species composition and non-timber forest uses. Based on the data presented, three overlapping periods of forest use and management can be discerned. The ‘period of traditional multiple use’ lasted ...


Improving the prediction of plant species distribution and community composition by adding edaphic to topo-climatic variables

Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 24, No. 4. (1 July 2013), pp. 593-606,


Questions Soil properties have been widely shown to influence plant growth and distribution. However, the degree to which edaphic variables can improve models based on topo-climatic variables is still unclear. In this study, we tested the roles of seven edaphic variables, namely (1) pH; (2) the content of nitrogen and of (3) phosphorus; (4) silt; (5) sand; (6) clay and (7) carbon-to-nitrogen ratio, as predictors of species distribution models in an edaphically heterogeneous landscape. We also tested how the respective influence ...


Soil erosion in the Swiss midlands: results of a 10-year field survey

Geomorphology, Vol. 126, No. 1-2. (26 March 2011), pp. 32-41,


Long-term field monitoring of soil erosion by water was conducted on arable land in the Swiss midlands. All visible erosion features in 203 fields were continuously mapped and quantified over 10 years. The eroded soil volume associated with linear erosion features was calculated by measuring the length and cross-sectional area in rills at representative positions and the extent of interrill erosion was estimated. Averaged across the 10 study years, just under one-third (32.2%) of the fields exhibited erosion. With 0.75 t ha−1 yr−1 ...


Erosional power in the Swiss Alps: characterization of slope failure in the Illgraben

Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 37, No. 15. (December 2012), pp. 1627-1640,


Landslides and rockfalls are key geomorphic processes in mountain basins. Their quantification and characterization are critical for understanding the processes of slope failure and their contributions to erosion and landscape evolution. We used digital photogrammetry to produce a multi-temporal record of erosion (1963-2005) of a rock slope at the head of the Illgraben, a very active catchment prone to debris flows in Switzerland. Slope failures affect 70% of the study slope and erode the slope at an average rate of 0.39±0.03myr-1. ...


A high-resolution soil erosion risk map of Switzerland as strategic policy support system

Land Use Policy, Vol. 32 (May 2013), pp. 281-291,


Soil erosion models and soil erosion risk maps are often used as indicators to assess potential soil erosion in order to assist policy decisions. This paper shows the scientific basis of the soil erosion risk map of Switzerland and its application in policy and practice. Linking a USLE/RUSLE-based model approach (AVErosion) founded on multiple flow algorithms and the unit contributing area concept with an extremely precise and high-resolution digital terrain model (2 m × 2 m grid) using GIS allows for a realistic assessment of ...


Long-term forest fire ecology and dynamics in southern Switzerland

Journal of Ecology, Vol. 87, No. 2. (1 March 1999), pp. 273-289,


1. Pollen and charcoal analysis at two lakes in southern Switzerland revealed that fire has had a prominent role in changing the woodland composition of this area for more than 7000 years. 2. The sediment of Lago di Origlio for the period between 5100 and 3100 BC cal. was sampled continuously with a time interval of about 10 years. Peaks of charcoal particles were significantly correlated with repeated declines in pollen of Abies, Hedera, Tilia, Ulmus, Fraxinus excelsior t., Fagus and ...


The relative importance of climatic effects, wildfires and management for future forest landscape dynamics in the Swiss Alps

Global Change Biology, Vol. 12, No. 8. (1 August 2006), pp. 1435-1450,


Forest landscape dynamics result from the complex interaction of driving forces and ecological processes operating on various scales. Projected climate change for the 21st century will alter climate-sensitive processes, causing shifts in species composition and also bringing about changes in disturbance regimes, particularly regarding wildfires. Previous studies of the impact of climate change on forests have focused mainly on the direct effects of climate. In the present study, we assessed the interactions among forest dynamics, climate change and large-scale disturbances such ...


The effects of wildfires on wood-eating beetles in deciduous forests on the southern slope of the Swiss Alps

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 187, No. 1. (January 2004), pp. 85-103,


The effect of fires on Cerambycidae, Buprestidae and Lucanidae were studied at 23 sites within a chestnut forest in southern Switzerland. We compared six unburnt sites, two freshly burnt sites, eight sites which burned once at different times in the last 30 years, and seven sites where fires occurred repeatedly in the last 30 years. The diversity and the species composition of the three xylobiont families were related to various ecological variables at two levels of spatial scale, a small scale ...


Predicting tree death for Fagus sylvatica and Abies alba using permanent plot data

Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 18, No. 4. (2007), pp. 525-534,


Question: How well can mortality probabilities of deciduous trees(Fagus sylvatica) and conifers (Abies alba) be predicted using permanent plot data that describe growth patterns, tree species, tree size and site conditions? Location: Fagus forests in the montane belt of the Jura folds (Switzerland). Method: Permanent plot data were used to develop and validate logistic regression models predicting survival probabilities of individual trees. Backward model selection led to a reduced model containing the growth-related variable ‘relative basal area increment’ (growth-dependent ...

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INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.