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Selection: with tag south-america [10 articles] 


Homologous recombination and Xylella fastidiosa host-pathogen associations in South America

Phytopathology, Vol. 107, No. 3. (March 2017), pp. 305-312,


Homologous recombination affects the evolution of bacteria such as Xylella fastidiosa, a naturally competent plant pathogen that requires insect vectors for dispersal. This bacterial species is taxonomically divided into subspecies, with phylogenetic clusters within subspecies that are host specific. One subspecies, pauca, is primarily limited to South America, with the exception of recently reported strains in Europe and Costa Rica. Despite the economic importance of X. fastidiosa subsp. pauca in South America, little is known about its genetic diversity. Multilocus sequence ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 33

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   silviculture   similarity   simple-sequence-repeats   simulation   single-nucleotide-polymorphism   sismic-hazard   site-quality   sitka-spruce   situational-awareness   slope   slope-stability   slovakia   slovenia   slovenian-alps   smoke   smooth-transition   smyrnium-perfoliatum   snow   snow-avalances   so2   soc   social-engineering-risk   social-learning   social-media   social-system   society   socratea-exorrhiza   sodium   soft-constraint   soft-systems-approach   softw   software-control   software-engineering   software-errors   software-evolution   software-evolvability   software-libraries   software-patents   software-quality   software-security   software-uncertainty   software-validity   software-verification   soil   soil-carbon   soil-compactation   soil-conditions   soil-erosion   soil-evolution   soil-fertility   soil-food   soil-formation   soil-hydrophobicity   soil-loss   soil-microbial-properties   soil-moisture   soil-pollution   soil-resources   soil-restoration   soil-sealing   soil-stabilization   soils   solanum-dulcamara   solanum-spp   solar-energy   solar-radiation   solid-phase-microextraction   sonneratia-apetala   soot   sophora-chrysophylla   sophora-secundiflora   sophora-spp   sorbus-aria   sorbus-aucuparia   sorbus-domestica   sorbus-intermedia   sorbus-spp   sorbus-torminalis   sorex-spp   south-america   south-asia   southeast-asia   southeastern-europe   southern-africa   southern-alps   southern-asia   southern-europe   southern-oscillation   spain   spartium-junceum   spathodea-campanulata   spatial-analysis   spatial-disaggregation   spatial-ecology   spatial-interpolation   spatial-pattern   spatial-prioritization   spatial-resolution   spatial-spread  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Monte Verde: seaweed, food, medicine, and the peopling of South America

Science, Vol. 320, No. 5877. (2008), pp. 784-786,


The identification of human artifacts at the early archaeological site of Monte Verde in southern Chile has raised questions of when and how people reached the tip of South America without leaving much other evidence in the New World. Remains of nine species of marine algae were recovered from hearths and other features at Monte Verde II, an upper occupational layer, and were directly dated between 14,220 and 13,980 calendar years before the present (~12,310 and 12,290 carbon-14 years ago). These ...


Nature vs. nurture: managing relationships between forests, agroforestry and wild biodiversity

Agroforestry Systems, Vol. 61-62, No. 1-3. (2004), pp. 155-165,


Many agroforestry systems are found in places that otherwise would be appropriate for natural forests, and often have replaced them. Humans have had a profound influence on forests virtually everywhere they both are found. Thus ‘natural’ defined as ‘without human influence’ is a hypothetical construct, though one that has assumed mythological value among many conservationists. Biodiversity is a forest value that does not carry a market price. It is the foundation, however, upon which productive systems depend. The relationship between agroforestry ...


Pine invasions in the southern hemisphere: modelling interactions between organism, environment and disturbance

Plant Ecology In Plant Ecology, Vol. 135, No. 1. (1998), pp. 79-93,


Current theories of plant invasion have been criticized for their limited heuristic and predictive value. We explore the heuristic and predictive potential of a model which explicitly simulates the mechanisms of plant invasion. The model, a spatially-explicit individual-based simulation, is applied to the invasion of pine trees (Pinus spp.; Pinaceae) in three vegetation types in the southern hemisphere. The model simulates factors which have been invoked as major determinants of invasive success: plant traits, environmental features and disturbance level. Results show ...


Growth development of hardwood high value timber species in central south Chile, South America

In Proceedings of 4th International Scientific Conference on Hardwood Processing 2013, Vol. 1, No. 2. (2013), pp. 50-61


Considering the interesting markets that timber of several hardwood species have, and the productive potential of Chile, in the central southern area of the country, in the last 20 years several experimental trials were established, pure or mixed, located between the Araucanía and Los Lagos regions. Trials include exotic species, such as Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), Ash (Fraxinus excelsior), Black walnut (Juglans nigra), Chestnut (Castanea sativa), Yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera), Black alder (Alnus glutinosa), Cherry tree (Prunus avium), Red American Oak (Quercus rubra) ...


Monografìa de aliso italiano (Alnus cordata)

Vol. 204 (1998)


El género Alnus pertenece a la familia de las Betuláceas y comprende 35 especies de árboles y arbustos, de las cuales al menos de ellas contienen nódulos radiculares. Estas se encuentran ampliamente distribuidas a lo largo de Europa, Asia, Norteamérica, América Central y la Cordillera de los Andes. Alnus cordata, comúnmente denominado Aliso italiano, es un árbol de 25 m. de altura, aunque en ocasiones puede alcanzar 30 m. y 70-80 cm de DAP en la madurez. Es una de las ...


Patterns of woody plant invasion in an Argentinean coastal grassland

Acta Oecologica, Vol. 54 (January 2014), pp. 65-71,


Coastal dune grasslands are fragile ecosystems that have historically been subjected to various types of uses and human activities. In Buenos Aires Province (Argentina), these areas are frequently afforested for urban and touristic development. The introduction and subsequent spread of exotic tree species is one of the main threats to conservation of natural grasslands as invasive trees strongly transform their structure and composition. The aim of this study was to identify patterns of woody plant invasion comparing plant communities and environmental ...


Forest Cover Changes in Tropical South and Central America from 1990 to 2005 and Related Carbon Emissions and Removals

Remote Sensing, Vol. 4, No. 5. (11 May 2012), pp. 1369-1391,


This paper outlines the methods and results for monitoring forest change and resulting carbon emissions for the 1990–2000 and 200–2005 periods carried out over tropical Central and South America. To produce our forest change estimates we used a systematic sample of medium resolution satellite data processed to forest change maps covering 1230 sites of 20 km by 20 km, each located at the degree confluence. Biomass data were spatially associated to each individual sample site so that annual carbon emissions could ...


Functional megadiversity

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, No. 16. (22 April 2014), pp. 5763-5764,


[Excerpt] Western Amazonian and Andean forests have Earth’s highest biodiversity and are globally important for ecosystem services and climate regulation. Straddling the planet’s longest ecological gradients, they have captured the imagination of scientists since von Humboldt (1). However, ecological studies and theory have incorporated that spectacular biological variation in only the most rudimentary ways, or not at all. It is widely understood that there are many traits that are important to plant performance, consequential not only for things like carbon gain ...

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Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.