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Selection: with tag semantics [83 articles] 


Mapping the interaction between development aid and stunting in Nigeria

In 28th IUSSP International Population Conference (2017)


For meeting sustainable development goals (SDGs) an improved understanding of geographic differences in health status, wealth and access to resources is crucial. The equitable and effcient allocation of international aid relies on knowing where funds are needed most. For instance, aid for poverty alleviation or financial access improvement requires knowledge of where the poor are. Unfortunately, detailed, reliable and timely information on the spatial distribution and characteristics of intended aid recipients in many low income countries are rarely available. This lack ...


  1. AidData, 2016. Nigeria AIMS geocoded research release, version 1.3.1. In: AidData Datasets. AidData, Williamsburg, VA and Washington, DC. , , INRMM-MiD:14546755
  2. Alegana, V. A., Atkinson, P. M., Pezzulo, C., Sorichetta, A., Weiss, D., Bird, T., Erbach-Schoenberg, E., Tatem, A. J., 2015. Fine resolution mapping of population age-structures for health and development applications. Journal of The Royal Society Interface 12 (105), 20150073+. , INRMM-MiD:14546782

Paintings predict the distribution of species, or the challenge of selecting environmental predictors and evaluation statistics

Global Ecology and Biogeography, Vol. 27, No. 2. (February 2018), pp. 245-256,


[Aim] Species distribution modelling, a family of statistical methods that predicts species distributions from a set of occurrences and environmental predictors, is now routinely applied in many macroecological studies. However, the reliability of evaluation metrics usually employed to validate these models remains questioned. Moreover, the emergence of online databases of environmental variables with global coverage, especially climatic, has favoured the use of the same set of standard predictors. Unfortunately, the selection of variables is too rarely based on a careful examination of ...


Beyond ∖newcommand with xparse

TUGboat, Vol. 31, No. 1. (2010), pp. 80-83


[Excerpt: Introduction] The LATEX 2ε \newcommand macro is most LATEX users’ first choice for creating macros. As well as the ‘sanity checks’ it carries out, the ability to define macros with an optional argument is very useful. However, to go beyond using a single optional argument, or to create more complex input syntaxes, LATEX 2ε users have to do things ‘by hand’ using \def or load one of the packages which extend \newcommand (for example twoopt (Oberdiek, 2008)). [\n] As part of the ...


Robust modelling of the impacts of climate change on the habitat suitability of forest tree species

Keywords: abies-alba   array-of-factors   artificial-neural-networks   bioclimatic-predictors   change-factor   climate-change   data-uncertainty   diversity   environmental-modelling   europe   extrapolation-uncertainty   featured-publication   forest-resources   free-scientific-knowledge   free-scientific-software   free-software   fuzzy   gdal   genetic-diversity   geospatial   geospatial-semantic-array-programming   gnu-bash   gnu-linux   gnu-octave   habitat-suitability   integration-techniques   mastrave-modelling-library   maximum-habitat-suitability   modelling-uncertainty   multiplicity   peseta-series   python   regional-climate-models   relative-distance-similarity   robust-modelling   semantic-array-programming   semantic-constraints   semantics   spatial-disaggregation   sres-a1b   supervised-training   unsupervised-training  


[::] In Europe, forests play a strategic multifunctional role, serving economic, social and environmental purposes. However, their complex interaction with climate change is not yet well understood. [::] The JRC PESETA project series proposes a consistent multi-sectoral assessment of the impacts of climate change in Europe. [::] Within the PESETA II project, a robust methodology is introduced for modelling the habitat suitability of forest tree species (2071-2100 time horizon). [::] Abies alba (the silver fir) is selected as case study: a main European tree ...


  1. European Commission, 2013. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - A new EU forest strategy: for forests and the forest based sector. No. COM(2013) 659 final. Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament. , INRMM-MiD:12642065 .
  2. European Commission, 2013. Commission staff working document accompanying the document: Communication from the commission to

Multi-dimensional weighted median: the module "wmedian" of the Mastrave modelling library

In Semantic Array Programming with Mastrave - Introduction to Semantic Computational Modelling (2012)


Weighted median (WM) filtering is a well known technique for dealing with noisy images and a variety of WM-based algorithms have been proposed as effective ways for reducing uncertainties or reconstructing degraded signals by means of available information with heterogeneous reliability. Here a generalized module for applying weighted median filtering to multi-dimensional arrays of information with associated multi-dimensional arrays of corresponding weights is presented. Weights may be associated to single elements or to groups of elements along given dimensions of the ...


Rainbow color map critiques: an overview and annotated bibliography

MathWorks Technical Articles and Newsletters, Vol. 25 (2014), 92238v00


A rainbow color map is based on the order of colors in the spectrum of visible light—the same colors that appear in a rainbow. Rainbow color maps commonly appear in data visualizations in many different scientific and engineering communities, and technical computing software often provides a rainbow color map as the default choice. Although rainbow color maps remain popular, they have a number of weaknesses when used for scientific visualization, and have been widely criticized. [\n] This paper summarizes the criticisms of ...


On quantity calculus and units of measurement

Metrologia, Vol. 45, No. 2. (April 2008), pp. 134-138,


'Quantity calculus' is a name sometimes given to algebra as it is applied to quantities. It is assumed that the rules of algebra apply equally well to quantities as they do to numbers, and that they apply to units of measurement because they too are, by definition, quantities in their own right. This paper examines that assumption and concludes that, while it may be true of abstract quantities, it is not universally applicable to measurable quantities, whose practical units are not ...


Can one take the logarithm or the sine of a dimensioned quantity or a unit? Dimensional analysis involving transcendental functions

Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 88, No. 1. (1 January 2011), pp. 67-70,


The fate of dimensions of dimensioned quantities that are inserted into the argument of transcendental functions such as logarithms, exponentiation, trigonometric, and hyperbolic functions is discussed. Emphasis is placed on common misconceptions that are not often systematically examined in undergraduate courses of physical sciences. The argument of dimensional inhomogeneity of the terms of a Taylor expansion of a transcendental function presented in some nonpeer-reviewed popular Internet sites is shown to be false. ...


Ten steps to programming mastery



[Excerpt] Here are ten ways you can improve your coding. The overriding principle to improving your skill at coding, as well as almost endeavor, is open your mind and then fill it with better knowledge. Improvement necessarily implies change, yet it is human nature to fear and resist change. But overcoming that fear and embracing change as a way of life will enable you to reach new levels of achievement. [...] [::Big Rule 1: Break your own habits] When you began coding, you were much less experienced ...


Why linked data is not enough for scientists

Future Generation Computer Systems, Vol. 29, No. 2. (February 2013), pp. 599-611,


[Abstract] Scientific data represents a significant portion of the linked open data cloud and scientists stand to benefit from the data fusion capability this will afford. Publishing linked data into the cloud, however, does not ensure the required reusability. Publishing has requirements of provenance, quality, credit, attribution and methods to provide the reproducibility that enables validation of results. In this paper we make the case for a scientific data publication model on top of linked data and introduce the notion of Research ...


Measuring scientific impact beyond citation counts

D-Lib Magazine, Vol. 22, No. 9/10. (September 2016),


The measurement of scientific progress remains a significant challenge exasperated by the use of multiple different types of metrics that are often incorrectly used, overused, or even explicitly abused. Several metrics such as h-index or journal impact factor (JIF) are often used as a means to assess whether an author, article, or journal creates an "impact" on science. Unfortunately, external forces can be used to manipulate these metrics thereby diluting the value of their intended, original purpose. This work highlights these ...


The FAIR Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship

Scientific Data, Vol. 3 (15 March 2016), 160018,


There is an urgent need to improve the infrastructure supporting the reuse of scholarly data. A diverse set of stakeholders—representing academia, industry, funding agencies, and scholarly publishers—have come together to design and jointly endorse a concise and measureable set of principles that we refer to as the FAIR Data Principles. The intent is that these may act as a guideline for those wishing to enhance the reusability of their data holdings. Distinct from peer initiatives that focus on the human scholar, ...


'We're going backward!'

Communication of the ACM, Vol. 59, No. 10. (September 2016), pp. 7-7,


[Excerpt] [...] As we move toward the present, the media of our expression seems to have decreasing longevity. Of course, newer media have not been around as long as the older ones so their longevity has not been demonstrated but I think it is arguable that the more recent media do not have the resilience of stone or baked clay. Modern photographs may not last more than 150–200 years before they fade or disintegrate. Modern books, unless archival paper is used, ...


Enabling open science: Wikidata for Research (Wiki4R)

Research Ideas and Outcomes, Vol. 1 (22 December 2015), e7573,


Wiki4R will create an innovative virtual research environment (VRE) for Open Science at scale, engaging both professional researchers and citizen data scientists in new and potentially transformative forms of collaboration. It is based on the realizations that (1) the structured parts of the Web itself can be regarded as a VRE, (2) such environments depend on communities, (3) closed environments are limited in their capacity to nurture thriving communities. Wiki4R will therefore integrate Wikidata, the multilingual semantic backbone behind Wikipedia, into ...


Rules and style conventions for expressing values of quantities

In Guide for the use of the International System of Units (SI), Vol. 811 (2008), pp. 15-23


[Excerpt: Value and numerical value of a quantity] The value of a quantity is its magnitude expressed as the product of a number and a unit, and the number multiplying the unit is the numerical value of the quantity expressed in that unit. [\n] More formally, the value of quantity A can be written as A = {A}[A], where {A} is the numerical value of A when the value of A is expressed in the unit [A]. The numerical value can therefore be ...


Social semantics: altruism, cooperation, mutualism, strong reciprocity and group selection

Journal of Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 20, No. 2. (1 March 2007), pp. 415-432,


From an evolutionary perspective, social behaviours are those which have fitness consequences for both the individual that performs the behaviour, and another individual. Over the last 43 years, a huge theoretical and empirical literature has developed on this topic. However, progress is often hindered by poor communication between scientists, with different people using the same term to mean different things, or different terms to mean the same thing. This can obscure what is biologically important, and what is not. The potential for ...


Why doesn't your model pass information to mine?

In Workshop on Digital Mapping Techniques 2009 (2009)


For several decades geologists have been making three-dimensional (3D) models. Various proprietary and open software tools have been developed which allow geoscientists to produce reasonable 3D representation of the geological system that they are studying. The model they produce is quite often an ‘island’ of independent information. For a long time this didn't matter as there were so few models that there were unlikely to be any adjacent models forming islands in the same sea area. However, that is changing, the ...


They write the right stuff

Fast Company, Vol. 6 (December 1996), 28121


[Excerpt] As the 120-ton space shuttle sits surrounded by almost 4 million pounds of rocket fuel, exhaling noxious fumes, visibly impatient to defy gravity, its on-board computers take command. Four identical machines, running identical software, pull information from thousands of sensors, make hundreds of milli-second decisions, vote on every decision, check with each other 250 times a second. A fifth computer, with different software, stands by to take control should the other four malfunction. [\n] At T-minus 6.6 seconds, if the pressures, pumps, and temperatures are nominal, ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 36

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   saraca-asoca   sassafras-albidum   sassafras-spp   satellites   saudi-arabia   savanna   savannas   saxifraga-rotundifolia   saxony   scalability   scale-free-network   scale-invariance   scale-vs-pixel   scandinavia   scaphoideus-titanus   scarcity   scavengers   scenario-analysis   schima-superba   schinopsis-balansae   schinus-molle   schinus-terebinthifolius   scholarly-poor   science-2-0   science-based-decision-making   science-ethics   science-history   science-literacy   science-policy-interface   science-society-interface   scientific-communication   scientific-community-self-correction   scientific-creativity   scientific-debate   scientific-knowledge-sharing   scientific-misconduct   scientific-software   scientific-topics-focus   scilab   scipy   scirrhia-pini   sclerophyllous   scolytinae   scolytus-intricatus   scolytus-multistriatus   scolytus-spp   scopus   scopus-indexed   scotland   scottnema-lindsayae   scrub   scrubland   sdm   sea   sea-level   second-order-science   secondary-metabolism   secondary-opportunistic-pest   secondary-production   sediment   sediment-flushing   sediment-retention   sediment-sluicing   sediment-transport   sediment-yield   seed-dispersal   seed-limitation   seed-orchard   seed-predation   seed-production   seed-sterility   seedling-production   seedling-recruitment   seedlings   seeds   seiridium-cardinale   seiridium-spp   seismicity   self-adaptive-systems   self-fertile   self-healing   self-organization   self-similarity   self-stabilisation   sell   semantic-array-programming   semantic-constraints   semantic-segmentation   semantic-web   semantically-enhanced-library-languages   semantics   semap   semi-natural-habitat   senecio-spp   senegal   sensitivity   separation-of-concerns   septoria-musiva   sequoia-abietina  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Infants ask for help when they know they don’t know

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 113, No. 13. (29 March 2016), pp. 3492-3496,


[Significance] Although many animals have been shown to monitor their own uncertainty, only humans seem to have the ability to explicitly communicate their uncertainty to others. It remains unknown whether this ability is present early in development, or whether it only emerges later alongside language development. Here, using a nonverbal memory-monitoring paradigm, we show that infants are able to strategically ask for help to avoid making mistakes. These findings reveal that infants are capable of monitoring and communicating their own uncertainty. We ...


European atlas of forest tree species

Keywords: bioeconomy   chorology   classification   climate   constrained-spatial-multi-frequency-analysis   data-heterogeneity   data-integration   data-uncertainty   disasters   disturbances   ecological-zones   ecology   ecosystem-services   europe   floods   forest-fires   forest-pests   forest-resources   free-software   geospatial   geospatial-semantic-array-programming   gis   gnu-bash   gnu-linux   gnu-octave   habitat-suitability   integrated-modelling   integrated-natural-resources-modelling-and-management   integration-techniques   knowledge-integration   landslides   mastrave-modelling-library   modelling-uncertainty   open-data   paleoecology   relative-distance-similarity   reproducible-research   review   science-policy-interface   science-society-interface   semantic-array-programming   semantic-constraints   semantics   semap   software-uncertainty   soil-erosion   soil-resources   species-distribution   tree-species   uncertainty   water-resources   windstorm  


[Excerpt] The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is the first comprehensive publication of such a unique and essential environmental resource, that is, our trees. Leading scientists and forestry professionals have contributed in the many stages of the production of this atlas, through the collection of ground data on the location of tree species, elaboration of the distribution and suitability maps, production of the photographic material and compilation of the different chapters. The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is both ...


A practical approach to programming with assertions

IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Vol. 21, No. 1. (January 1995), pp. 19-31,


Embedded assertions have been recognized as a potentially powerful tool for automatic runtime detection of software faults during debugging, testing, maintenance and even production versions of software systems. Yet despite the richness of the notations and the maturity of the techniques and tools that have been developed for programming with assertions, assertions are a development tool that has seen little widespread use in practice. The main reasons seem to be that (1) previous assertion processing tools did not integrate easily with existing programming environments, and (2) it is not ...


Corrigendum to "Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility" published in Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci.,15, 225-245, 2015

Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, Vol. 15, No. 2. (16 February 2015), pp. 291-291,


[Excerpt] Two editorial mistakes were found in the article. Both refer to Eq. (2), p. 231 (whose correct version was published in the discussion paper, p. 2652). [\n] The first mistake is related to the operator Ω, which was wrongly rendered with a summation operator (Σ). The editorial notation mistake is also evident by considering the semantics of the RDS (relative distance similarity) statistics. As explained in de Rigo et al. (2013) and Bosco et al. (2013), RDS is defined in [0, 1]. Therefore, a summation operator whose arguments are quantities ...


GNU Coding Standards



[Excerpt: About the GNU Coding Standards] The GNU Coding Standards were written by Richard Stallman and other GNU Project volunteers. Their purpose is to make the GNU system clean, consistent, and easy to install. This document can also be read as a guide to writing portable, robust and reliable programs. It focuses on programs written in C, but many of the rules and principles are useful even if you write in another programming language. The rules often state reasons for writing ...


Resource disambiguator for the web: extracting biomedical resources and their citations from the scientific literature

PLoS ONE, Vol. 11, No. 1. (5 January 2016), e0146300,


The NIF Registry developed and maintained by the Neuroscience Information Framework is a cooperative project aimed at cataloging research resources, e.g., software tools, databases and tissue banks, funded largely by governments and available as tools to research scientists. Although originally conceived for neuroscience, the NIF Registry has over the years broadened in the scope to include research resources of general relevance to biomedical research. The current number of research resources listed by the Registry numbers over 13K. The broadening in scope ...


Annotating the scholarly web

Nature, Vol. 528, No. 7580. (1 December 2015), pp. 153-154,


Scientific publishers are forging links with an organization that wants scientists to scribble comments over online research papers. [Excerpt] Would researchers scrawl notes, critiques and comments across online research papers if software made the annotation easy for them? Dan Whaley, founder of the non-profit organization, certainly thinks so. [\n] Whaley's start-up company has built an open-source software platform for web annotations that allows users to highlight text or to comment on any web page or PDF file. And on 1 December, announced ...


Commission Proposal for a Council Regulation (EEC) establishing a European Forestry Information and Communication System (EFICS)

Official Journal of the European Communities, Vol. 31, No. C 312. (7 December 1988), pp. 1-16

A new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and the forest-based sector

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION (20 September 2013), pp. 1-17


Forests and other wooded land cover over 40 % of the EU’s land area, with a great diversity of character across regions. Afforestation and natural succession have increased the EU’s forest area by around 0.4 % per year over recent decades. Globally, however, forest area continues to decrease. Currently in the EU, only 60-70 % of the annual increment is being cut, therefore the growing stock of wood is rising. However, according to Member States’ projections under Land Use, Land-Use Change ...


Regulation (EC) No 2152/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 November 2003 concerning monitoring of forests and environmental interactions in the Community (Forest Focus)

Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 46, No. L 324. (11 December 2003), pp. 1-8


[Excerpt] [...] [:Article 1] [::1] A Community scheme for broad-based, harmonised and comprehensive, long-term monitoring of the condition of forests, (hereinafter referred to as "the scheme") is hereby established to: [\n] (a) continue and further develop: [::] monitoring of air pollution and air pollution effects and of other agents and factors that have an impact on forests, such as biotic and abiotic factors and factors of anthropogenic origin, [::] monitoring of forest fires and their causes and effects, [::] forest fire prevention; [\n] (b) assess the requirements for ...


Council Regulation (EEC) No 2158/92 of 23 July 1992 on protection of the Community's forests against fire

Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 35, No. L 217. (July 1992), pp. 3-7


In order to provide increased protection for forests and in particular to step up efforts undertaken to main tain and monitor forest ecosystems and to safeguard the various functions which forests fulfil for the benefit of rural areas, a Community scheme for the protection of forests against fire, hereinafter referred to as 'the scheme', is hereby instituted . ...


Council Regulation (EEC) No 3528/86 of 17 November 1986 on the protection of the Community's forests against atmospheric pollution

Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 29, No. L 326. (November 1986), pp. 2-4


[...] [Article 1] A Community scheme is hereby established to protect forests against atmospheric pollution, hereinafter referred to as 'scheme', in order to provide increased protection for forests in the Community and thereby contribute in particular to safeguarding the productive potential of agriculture. [Article 2] [\n]1. The aim of the scheme shall be to help Member States to: [\n]- establish on the basis of common methods a periodic inventory of damage caused to forests, in particular by atmospheric pollution, [\n]- establish or extend, in a co-ordinated and ...


Study of a collaborative repository of semantic metadata and models for regional environmental datasets' multivariate transformations

edited by Giorgio Guariso


A semantic modelling procedure is introduced to ease array-based multivariate transformations of public environmental data, along with the architecture of a collaborative repository of modelling meta-information based on the procedure. [\n] The procedure, Semantic Array Programming (SemAP), is intended as a lightweight paradigm to support integrated natural resources modelling and management (INRMM), in the context of wide-scale transdisciplinary modelling for environment (WSTMe, here tested from catchment up to regional and continental scale). [\n] It is a common experience among computational scientists, ...


  1. Aalde, H., Gonzalez, P., Gytarsky, M., Krug, T., Kurz, W. A., Ogle, S., Raison, J., Schoene, D., Ravindranath, N. H., Elhassan, N. G., Heath, L. S., Higuchi, N., Kainja, S., Matsumoto, M., Sanz Sánchez, M. J., Somogyi, Z., 2006. Forest Land. Vol. 4 of IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Prepared by the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Ch. 4, 83 pp. . an online tool for selecting colour schemes for maps

The Cartographic Journal, Vol. 40, No. 1. (June 2003), pp. 27-37,


Choosing effective colour schemes for thematic maps is surprisingly difficult. ColorBrewer is an online tool designed to take some of the guesswork out of this process by helping users select appropriate colour schemes for their specific mapping needs by considering: the number of data classes; the nature of their data (matched with sequential, diverging and qualitative schemes); and the end-use environment for the map (e.g., CRT, LCD, printed, projected, photocopied). ColorBrewer contains 'learn more' tutorials to help guide users, prompts them ...


A web accessible environmental model base: a tool for natural resources management

In MODSIM 1997 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation Proceedings (1997), pp. 657-663


An environmental model base, accessible via the World-Wide Web, is presented. The information stored in this model base can be retrieved using various methods such as structured queries, full text search, exact and approximate keyword search. These search tools help the environmental modeller to find a suitable model to solve their modelling problem. The modeller is then presented with a set of information, regarding the models matching the query, including source and executable code, user manuals, and references to supplemental documentation. ...


  1. Abel, D.J., K. L. Taylor, D. Kuo, Integrating modelling systems for environmental management infomuttion systems, ACM Sigmod, 26(1), 1997a.
  2. Abel, D.J., V. Garde, K. L Taylor, X. Zhou, SMART: towards Internet marketplaces, Technical Report, CSIRO Mathematical and Information Sciences, Canberra, Australia, 1997b.
  3. Ba, S., R. Kalakota, A.B. Whinston. Using client-broker-server architecture for Intranet decision support. . Decision Support Systems, 19(3), 1997.
  4. Berners-Lee, T., R. CaiHatt, A.

On the role of scientific thought

In Selected Writings on Computing: A personal Perspective (1982), pp. 60-66,


Essentially, this essay contains nothing new; on the contrary, its subject matter is so old that sometimes it seems forgotten. It is written in an effort to undo some of the more common misunderstandings that I encounter (nearly daily) in my professional world of computing scientists, programmers, computer users and computer designers, and even colleagues engaged in educational politics. The decision to write this essay now was taken because I suddenly realized that my confrontation with this same pattern of misunderstanding ...


Is my species distribution model fit for purpose? Matching data and models to applications

Global Ecology and Biogeography, Vol. 24, No. 3. (February 2015), pp. 276-292,


Species distribution models (SDMs) are used to inform a range of ecological, biogeographical and conservation applications. However, users often underestimate the strong links between data type, model output and suitability for end-use. We synthesize current knowledge and provide a simple framework that summarizes how interactions between data type and the sampling process (i.e. imperfect detection and sampling bias) determine the quantity that is estimated by a SDM. We then draw upon the published literature and simulations to illustrate and evaluate the ...

Visual summary


A component-based framework for simulating agricultural production and externalities

In Environmental and Agricultural Modeling: (2010), pp. 63-108,


Although existing simulation tools can be used to study the impact of agricultural management on production activities in specific environments, they suffer from several limitations. They are largely specialized for specific production activities: arable crops/cropping systems, grassland, orchards, agro-forestry, livestock etc. Also, they often have a restricted ability to simulate system externalities which may have a negative environmental impact. Furthermore, the structure of such systems neither allows an easy plug-in of modules for other agricultural production activities, nor the use of ...


Integrated assessment of agricultural systems – A component-based framework for the European Union (SEAMLESS)

Agricultural Systems, Vol. 96, No. 1-3. (March 2008), pp. 150-165,


Agricultural systems continuously evolve and are forced to change as a result of a range of global and local driving forces. Agricultural technologies and agricultural, environmental and rural development policies are increasingly designed to contribute to the sustainability of agricultural systems and to enhance contributions of agricultural systems to sustainable development at large. The effectiveness and efficiency of such policies and technological developments in realizing desired contributions could be greatly enhanced if the quality of their ex-ante assessments were improved. Four ...


Enriching environmental software model interfaces through ontology-based tools

International Journal of Applied Systemic Studies, Vol. 4, No. 1/2. (2011), 94,


Common practice has proven that software implementations of environmental models are seldom reused by broader communities or in different modelling frameworks. One of the reasons for this situation is the poor semantics of model interfaces. Model interfaces embrace a critical amount of the modelers' knowledge, but their software implementations can be considered as 'poor reflections' of modelers' perceptions, as they fail to represent the complexity of model assumptions in software terms. This paper addresses the problem by adopting an ontology-driven approach ...


Delivering Environmental Knowledge: a Semantic Approach

In EnviroInfo 2007 (Warschau) Environmental Informatics and Systems Research (2007), pp. 43-50


Environmental informatics delivers techniques and tools for archiving and processing environmental data. The advent of the Internet had positively affected the availability and ease of access to large and diverse environmental databases, distributed all over the world. On the other hand, similar progress has not been matched by the availability of models and algorithms able to process these data, mostly because of the lack of standards in the annotation of the characteristics of environmental models. In this paper we advocate the need for the semantic ...


Contribution to cross-disciplinary lexicon

In 4th ASEE/AaeE Global Colloquium on Engineering Education (2005), pp. 1257-1266


As the stock of human knowledge has increased, this evolution has imposed branching into disciplines which use special terminology understood "correctly" only by experts. This has raised barriers that impede communication since interpretations of terms and knowledge can vary significantly, especially in a multidisciplinary context. Misinformation is exacerbated by vague definitions including synonyms, homonyms and acronyms. This paper aspires to pinpoint the necessity of eliminating homonyms and synonyms. It attempts to illustrate the impact of misinforming that results from lexical disorder ...


A Contribution to Transparency of Scientific and Engineering Concepts

International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Vol. 9, No. 5. (2009), pp. 93-106
Keywords: ambiguity   semantics   terminology  


Knowledge management is of outmost importance in organisations. This treatise aims to contribute in improving the transferability and transparency of some basic concepts relevant to science, education and engineering. Knowledge sharing can be adversely affected by concepts and specific terms which are in common use but can vary in meaning. Since contemporary technological issues typically involve several disciplines it would be useful to analyse areas where effective communication and transfer of knowledge between academic and engineering disciplines might benefit from clarification. ...





Though it appears simple to use at first glance, MediaWiki has extraordinarily powerful and deep capabilities for managing and organizing knowledge. In corporate environments, MediaWiki can transform the way teams write and collaborate. This comprehensive book covers MediaWiki's rich (and sometimes subtle) features, helping you become a wiki expert in no time. You'll learn how to: Find your way around by effective searching and browsing; Create and edit articles, categories, and user preferences; Use advanced features for authors, such as templates, ...


Behavioral Subtyping Using Invariants and Constraints

In Formal Methods For Distributed Processing: An Object-Oriented Approach (1999)


We present a way of defining the subtype relation that ensures that subtype objects preserve behavioral properties of their supertypes. The subtype relation is based on the specifications of the sub and supertypes. Our approach handles mutable types and allows subtypes to have more methods than their supertypes. Dealing with mutable types and subtypes that extend their supertypes has surprising consequences on how to specify and reason about objects. In our approach, we discard the standard data type induction rule, we ...


More is not always better: coping with ambiguity in natural resources management

Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 92, No. 1. (29 January 2011), pp. 78-84,


Coping with ambiguities in natural resources management has become unavoidable. Ambiguity is a distinct type of uncertainty that results from the simultaneous presence of multiple valid, and sometimes conflicting, ways of framing a problem. As such, it reflects discrepancies in meanings and interpretations. Under the presence of ambiguity it is not clear what problem is to be solved, who should be involved in the decision processes or what is an appropriate course of action. Despite the extensive literature about methodologies and ...


An overview of model integration for environmental applications - components, frameworks and semantics

Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 19, No. 3. (March 2004), pp. 219-234,


In recent years, pressure has increased on environmental scientist/modellers to both undertake good science in an efficient and timely manner, under increasing resource constraints, and also to ensure that the science being performed is immediately relevant to a particular environmental management context. At the same time, environmental management is changing, with increasing requirements for multi-scale and multi-objective assessment and decision making that considers economic and social systems, as well as the ecosystem. Integration of management activities, and also of the modelling ...


The use and abuse of the terms percent, parts per million and parts in 10n

Metrologia, Vol. 35, No. 6. (01 December 1998), 807,
Keywords: dimensional-analysis   metrology   percent   ppm   semantics   si  


We discuss two different ways in which terms such as percent (%) and parts per million (ppm) are used, both in the scientific literature and in everyday language. We give examples of the way in which these terms may be used without ambiguity, and we also describe common misuse of the terms. We suggest the adoption of the special name uno (symbol U) for the unit one, for use with the International System of Units (SI) prefixes in place of terms ...


Guide for the use of the International System of Units (SI)

Vol. 811 (2008)


[Excerpt from the Introduction] The International System of Units was established in 1960 by the 11th General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM - see Preface). Universally abbreviated SI (from the French Le Systéme International d'Unités) , it is the modern metric system of measurement used throughout the world. This Guide has been prepared by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to assist members of the NIST staff, as well as others who may have need of such assistance, ...


The Misguided Silver Bullet: What XML will and will NOT do to help Information Integration

Social Science Research Network Working Paper Series (14 November 2001),


The eXtensible Markup Language (XML) offers many important benefits and improvements over its predecessor, HTML. But, articles have appeared about XML with exaggerated claims of it being a "Rosetta Stone" with "miraculuous ways" to almost automatically provide information integration. These claims are actually being believed by some executives. It is almost surprising that no one has claimed that XML can cure cancer and provide world peace! In reality, XML must face many of the same challenges that plagued Electronic ...


Citizen Sensing, Social Signals, and Enriching Human Experience

Internet Computing, IEEE, Vol. 13, No. 4. (July 2009), pp. 87-92,


In this article, I introduce the exciting paradigm of citizen sensing enabled by mobile sensors and human computing - that is, humans as citizens on the ubiquitous Web, acting as sensors and sharing their observations and views using mobile devices and Web 2.0 services. ...

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