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Selection: with tag rapid-assessment [12 articles] 


Pinning extreme weather on climate change is now routine and reliable science

Nature, Vol. 560, No. 7716. (30 July 2018), pp. 5-5,


Research has finally generated the tools to attribute heatwaves and downpours to global warming. [Excerpt] [...] For years, the standard response was that climate change makes such events more likely, but it is hard to pin down the causes of a particular event. That is now changing. [...] extreme-event attribution — the science of calculating how global warming has changed the likelihood and magnitude of extreme heat, cold, drought, rain or flooding — [...] has advanced to the point at which public ...


Non-supervised method for early forest fire detection and rapid mapping

In Fifth International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2017), Vol. 10444 (6 September 2017), 104440R,


Natural hazards are a challenge for the society. Scientific community efforts have been severely increased assessing tasks about prevention and damage mitigation. The most important points to minimize natural hazard damages are monitoring and prevention. This work focuses particularly on forest fires. This phenomenon depends on small-scale factors and fire behavior is strongly related to the local weather. Forest fire spread forecast is a complex task because of the scale of the phenomena, the input data uncertainty and time constraints in ...


Global trends in satellite-based emergency mapping

Science, Vol. 353, No. 6296. (14 July 2016), pp. 247-252,


Over the past 15 years, scientists and disaster responders have increasingly used satellite-based Earth observations for global rapid assessment of disaster situations. We review global trends in satellite rapid response and emergency mapping from 2000 to 2014, analyzing more than 1000 incidents in which satellite monitoring was used for assessing major disaster situations. We provide a synthesis of spatial patterns and temporal trends in global satellite emergency mapping efforts and show that satellite-based emergency mapping is most intensively deployed in Asia ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 33

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   pyrus-tamamschianae   pyrus-theodorovii   pyrus-vallis-demonis   pyrus-voronovii   python   q-learning   qualitative-research   quantile-95   quantitive-variation   quantity-calculus   quantum-computing   quantum-gis   quarantine   quaternary   quercus-agrifolia   quercus-alnifolia   quercus-borealis   quercus-calliprinos   quercus-canariensis   quercus-castaneifolia   quercus-cerrioides   quercus-cerris   quercus-chrysolepis   quercus-coccifera   quercus-coccinea   quercus-crenata   quercus-dalechampii   quercus-douglasii   quercus-emoryi   quercus-engelmannii   quercus-faginea   quercus-falcata   quercus-frainetto   quercus-gambelii   quercus-garryana   quercus-hartwissiana   quercus-ilex   quercus-imbricaria   quercus-imeretina   quercus-kelloggii   quercus-lanuginosa   quercus-liaotungensis   quercus-lobata   quercus-macranthera   quercus-macrolepis   quercus-mirbeckii   quercus-mongolica   quercus-palustris   quercus-parvula   quercus-pedunculata   quercus-pedunculiflora   quercus-petraea   quercus-polycarpa   quercus-pontica   quercus-prinus   quercus-pubescens   quercus-pyrenaica   quercus-robur   quercus-rotundifolia   quercus-rubra   quercus-sessiflora   quercus-sessiliflora   quercus-sicula   quercus-spp   quercus-suber   quercus-trojana   quercus-variabilis   quercus-virgiliana   quercus-virginiana   quercus-wislizeni   quercus-x-morisii   radar   radial-growth   radiocarbon-chronology   rain-shadow   rainfall   rainfall-deciles   rainforest   rainy-days_daily-rainfall   random-forest   random-forests   random-walk   range-altitude   range-modelling   range-shift   rank-based-analysis   rapid-assessment   rare-events   rarely-observed-plant-species   rasterisation   ravine-forest   rcp26   rcp45   rcp60   rcp85   realised-vs-potential-range   realized-niche   reassuring-learning   receptivity  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


What benefits do community forests provide, and to whom? A rapid assessment of ecosystem services from a Himalayan forest, Nepal

Ecosystem Services, Vol. 8 (June 2014), pp. 118-127,


[Highlights] [::] Using TESSA, data on ecosystem services was captured through relatively rapid means. [::] Engaging stakeholders provides insights into distribution of ecosystem services. [::] Benefits are now being captured locally, although they are unevenly distributed. [::] Targeted development can help increase local capture of ecosystem service benefits. [Abstract] In Nepal, community forestry is part of a national strategy for livelihoods improvement and environmental protection. However, analysis of the social, economic and environmental impacts of community forestry is often limited, restricted to a narrow set of benefits ...


Crisis mappers turn to citizen scientists

Nature, Vol. 515, No. 7527. (19 November 2014), pp. 321-321,


Crowdsourced disaster surveys strive for more reliability in online collaboration. [Excerpt] When Typhoon Haiyan barrelled into the Philippines on 8 November 2013, more than 1,600 volunteers leapt to their laptops to make 4.5 million edits to OpenStreetMap, an online, open global map. Working from satellite imagery, the volunteers created maps for stricken areas of the islands, and tagged buildings that seemed to have been damaged or destroyed. The maps were used to help aid workers to navigate the terrain, and the damage ...


Remote Sensing Based Post-Disaster Damage Mapping – Ready for a Collaborative Approach?

IEEE Earthzine, Vol. 4, No. 1. (2011), 290822


[Excerpt] Rapid and accurate assessment of structural damage is essential after disaster events, especially in densely built-up urban areas. The results provide guidance for rescue forces and other immediate relief efforts, as well as subsequent rehabilitation and reconstruction. Especially for spatially extensive events, ground-based mapping is too slow, typically hindered by disaster-related site access difficulties, or too dangerous as in the case of potential radioactive contamination resulting from the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami disaster in Japan. Remote sensing has long ...


Architecture of Environmental Risk Modelling: for a faster and more robust response to natural disasters

In 3rd Conference of Computational Interdisciplinary Sciences (2014), pp. 46-57


Demands on the disaster response capacity of the European Union are likely to increase, as the impacts of disasters continue to grow both in size and frequency. This has resulted in intensive research on issues concerning spatially-explicit information and modelling and their multiple sources of uncertainty. Geospatial support is one of the forms of assistance frequently required by emergency response centres along with hazard forecast and event management assessment. Robust modelling of natural hazards requires dynamic simulations under an array of ...

Visual summary


OR/MS research in disaster operations management

European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 175, No. 1. (16 November 2006), pp. 475-493,


Disasters are large intractable problems that test the ability of communities and nations to effectively protect their populations and infrastructure, to reduce both human and property loss, and to rapidly recover. The seeming randomness of impacts and problems and uniqueness of incidents demand dynamic, real-time, effective and cost efficient solutions, thus making the topic very suitable for OR/MS research. While social sciences and humanities literatures enjoy an abundance of articles on disaster management, the OR/MS community is yet to produce a ...


There is no silver bullet: The value of diversification in planning invasive species surveillance

Ecological Economics, Vol. 104 (August 2014), pp. 61-72,


[Highlights] [::] We consider short-term surveillance of an invasive pest in a diverse landscape. [::] Our case study is focused on the survey of emerald ash borer expansion in Canada. [::] The spread of the invader is described by distribution-model-based estimates. [::] A portfolio framework was applied to allocate resources for pest surveillance. [::] Diversification makes the survey less subject to errors in spread estimates. [Abstract] In this study we demonstrate how the notion of diversification can be used in broad-scale resource allocation for surveillance of ...


Even for slide-prone region, landslide was off the chart

Science, Vol. 344, No. 6179. (4 April 2014), pp. 16-17,


The rugged terrain inland of Seattle is prone to landslides. Yet the latest Oso landslide, which killed at least 27 people on 22 March, stands out as an anomaly. Calculations suggest that it flowed three times farther than slides of similar size and elevation drop, most likely due to the effect of heavy rains on the region's glacier-deposited soils. ...


Multi-scale robust modelling of landslide susceptibility: regional rapid assessment and catchment robust fuzzy ensemble

IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Vol. 413 (2013), pp. 321-335,


Landslide susceptibility assessment is a fundamental component of effective landslide prevention. One of the main challenges in landslides forecasting is the assessment of spatial distribution of landslide susceptibility. Despite the many different approaches, landslide susceptibility assessment still remains a challenge. A semi-quantitative method is proposed combining heuristic, deterministic and probabilistic approaches for a robust catchment scale assessment. A fuzzy ensemble model has been exploited for aggregating an array of different susceptibility zonation maps. Each susceptibility zonation has been obtained by applying ...

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Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.