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Selection: with tag quercus-robur [83 articles] 


Pest categorisation of Bretziella fagacearum

EFSA Journal, Vol. 16, No. 2. (February 2018), e05185,


Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Plant Health (PLH) Panel performed a pest categorisation of Bretziella fagacearum, a well-defined and distinguishable fungal species of the family Ceratocystidaceae. The species was moved from the genus Ceratocystis to a new genus Bretziella following phylogenetic analysis of the species and its close relatives. The former species name Ceratocystis fagacearum is used in the Council Directive 2000/29/EC. The pathogen is regulated in Annex IAI as a harmful organism whose introduction into the ...


  1. Ambourn, A.K., Juzwik, J., Moon, R.D., 2005. Seasonal dispersal of the oak wilt fungus by Colopterus truncatus and Carpophilus sayi in Minnesota. Plant Disease 89, 1067–1076.
  2. Appel, D.N., 1995. The oak wilt enigma: perspectives from the Texas epidemic. Annual Review of Phytopathology 33, 103–118.
  3. Appel, D.N., Maggio, R.C., Nelson, E.L., Jeger, M.J., 1989. Measurement of expanding oak wilt centers in live oak. Phytopathology 79, 1318–1322.
  4. Baker, R., Candresse,

Oak decline as illustrated through plant–climate interactions near the northern edge of species range

The Botanical Review, Vol. 82, No. 1. (2016), pp. 1-23,


This paper investigates historical growth and climate records among the oak sites representing the northern edge of species range in northernmost Europe (Finland). This is to characterize plant–climate interactions for a multitude of sites where oak decline has recently been observed and understand this most recent decline in the context of the past decline studies elsewhere. Further, our paper demonstrates the procedures the tree-ring data can be used in isolating those factors significantly contributing to decline. Our findings point towards complex ...


Combining forest structure data and fuel modelling to classify fire hazard in Portugal

Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 66, No. 4. (2009), pp. 415-415,


Fire management activities can greatly benefit from the description of wildland fuel to assess fire hazard. [\n] A forest typology developed from the Portuguese National Forest Inventory that combines cover type (the dominant overstorey species) and forest structure defined as a combination of generic stand density (closed or open) and height (low or tall) is translated into fuel models. Fire behaviour simulations that accounted for the fire environment modification induced by stand structure resulted in an objective and quantitative assessment of fire ...


Temperate and boreal rainforest relicts of Europe

In Temperate and Boreal Rainforests of the World: Ecology and Conservation (2011), pp. 154-180,
Keywords: abies-alba   acer-pseudoplatanus   aconitum-spp   alces-alces   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-incana   anemone-trifolia   aquila-chrysaetos   arthonia-leucopellaea   asplenium-scolopendrium   athyrium-filix-femina   balkan-peninsula   betula-pendula   betula-pubescens   biodiversity   bison-bonasus   boreal-forests   buteo-buteo   calluna-vulgaris   canis-lupus   capreolus-capreolus   carduus-personata   central-europe   cervus-elaphus   cervus-nippon   cicerbita-alpine   conservation   cortusa-matthioli   corylus-avellana   dryocopus-martius   dryopteris-carthusiana   dryopteris-dilatata   dryopteris-spp   endangered-species   epimedium-alpinum   euphorbia-austriaca   europe   fagus-sylvatica   felis-silvestris   forest-resources   fragmentation   fraxinus-excelsior   grazing   gymnocarpium-dryopteris   habitat-conservation   hacquetia-epipactis   hotspot   ilex-aquifolium   lagopus-muta   lamium-orvala   larix-eurolepis   lichens   lobaria-amplissima   lobaria-scrobiculata   lunaria-rediviva   lynx-lynx   lyrurus-tetrix   meles-meles   milvus-milvus   norway   omphalodes-verna   picea-abies   picea-sitchensis   pinus-contorta   pleurospermum-austriacum   populus-tremula   prunus-avium   pseudotsuga-menziesii   pyrenula-laevigata   quercus-petraea   quercus-robur   quercus-spp   rainforest   rhododendron-ponticum   rupicapra-rupicapra   salix-caprea   salix-spp   sanicula-europaea   saxifraga-rotundifolia   sorbus-aucuparia   strix-uralensis   sus-scrofa   taxus-baccata   temperate-forests   tetrao-urogallus   thalictrum-aquilegifolium   thelotrema-lepadinum   tilia-cordata   tilia-platyphyllos   ulmus-glabra   vaccinium-myrtillus  


European temperate rainforests are disjunctly distributed from ~45° to 69°N latitude, where they are influenced by maritime climates (see figure 6-1). Storms originating in the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean (Balkans) provide for mild winters, cool summers, and adequate precipitation to sustain rainforests throughout the year. Due to extensive deforestation, however, today’s European rainforests are mere fragments of primeval rainforests. A reminder of a bygone era when rainforests flourished, they are barely hanging on as contemporary rainforest relicts (see box 6-1). ...


Effects of flooding on the recruitment, damage and mortality of riparian tree species: a field and simulation study on the Rhine floodplain

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 255, No. 11. (15 June 2008), pp. 3893-3903,


The extensive flooding by the river Rhine on May 12 1999 provided an opportunity to investigate the impact of such an extreme event in terms of damage and mortality of adult trees in floodplains. Such data is highly valuable for determining the potential impact of climate change on the zonation of tree species along rivers. We analysed an extensive dataset of the damage and mortality suffered by groups of adult trees of the following species as a consequence of this flood: ...


Effects of flooding duration, -frequency and -depth on the presence of saplings of six woody species in north-west Europe

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 236, No. 1. (November 2006), pp. 47-55,


Under natural conditions the zonation of woody species in floodplains is to a large extent determined by hydrological conditions. Flood survival varies even among closely related species of the same genus. Most studies that quantify flood survival of seedlings and saplings of European floodplain species focus on species of the genera Salix and Populus, while few studies on saplings of Quercus robur, Fraxinus excelsior, Crataegus monogyna have been carried out, and even less on comparing these species groups. We performed a ...


Regional estimation of woodland moisture content by inverting Radiative Transfer Models

Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 132 (May 2013), pp. 59-70,


[Abstract] We inverted the PROSPECT and GEOSAIL Radiative Transfer Models (RTM) using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) data to retrieve Live Fuel Moisture Content (LFMC) in woodlands located in the peninsular territory of Spain. Ecological rules were used to parameterize the RTM. This approach reduces the probability of an ill-posed problem in the inversion of the selected RTMs, by rejecting unrealistic combinations of input parameters. Three species representatives of each region were used to derive the ecological rules: Quercus ilex L., Quercus ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 33

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   pyrus-tamamschianae   pyrus-theodorovii   pyrus-vallis-demonis   pyrus-voronovii   python   q-learning   qualitative-research   quantile-95   quantitive-variation   quantity-calculus   quantum-computing   quantum-gis   quarantine   quaternary   quercus-agrifolia   quercus-alnifolia   quercus-borealis   quercus-calliprinos   quercus-canariensis   quercus-castaneifolia   quercus-cerrioides   quercus-cerris   quercus-chrysolepis   quercus-coccifera   quercus-coccinea   quercus-crenata   quercus-dalechampii   quercus-douglasii   quercus-emoryi   quercus-engelmannii   quercus-faginea   quercus-falcata   quercus-frainetto   quercus-gambelii   quercus-garryana   quercus-hartwissiana   quercus-ilex   quercus-imbricaria   quercus-imeretina   quercus-kelloggii   quercus-lanuginosa   quercus-liaotungensis   quercus-lobata   quercus-macranthera   quercus-macrolepis   quercus-mirbeckii   quercus-mongolica   quercus-palustris   quercus-parvula   quercus-pedunculata   quercus-pedunculiflora   quercus-petraea   quercus-polycarpa   quercus-pontica   quercus-prinus   quercus-pubescens   quercus-pyrenaica   quercus-robur   quercus-rotundifolia   quercus-rubra   quercus-sessiflora   quercus-sessiliflora   quercus-sicula   quercus-spp   quercus-suber   quercus-trojana   quercus-variabilis   quercus-virgiliana   quercus-virginiana   quercus-wislizeni   quercus-x-morisii   radar   radial-growth   radiocarbon-chronology   rain-shadow   rainfall   rainfall-deciles   rainforest   rainy-days_daily-rainfall   random-forest   random-forests   random-walk   range-altitude   range-modelling   range-shift   rank-based-analysis   rapid-assessment   rare-events   rarely-observed-plant-species   rasterisation   ravine-forest   rcp26   rcp45   rcp60   rcp85   realised-vs-potential-range   realized-niche   reassuring-learning   receptivity  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Climate change increases the drought risk in Central European forests: what are the options for adaptation?

Forestry Journal, Vol. 60, No. 1. (1 January 2014),


The paper presents information on the projected drought exposure of Central Europe, describes the anticipated dynamics of the regional forests, and identifies measures facilitating the adaptation of forests to climate change-induced drought risk. On the basis of an ensemble of climate change scenarios we expect substantial drying in southern Slovakia and Hungary, while such trends were found to be less pronounced for the Czech Republic and Austria. In response to these climate trajectories, a change in species composition towards a higher ...


Tree species is the major factor explaining C:N ratios in European forest soils

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 311 (January 2014), pp. 3-16,


[Highlights] [::] C:N ratio in forest floor, peat and mineral topsoil mainly depend on tree species. [::] Most important differences in C:N ratios are seen between deciduous and evergreen species. [::] Either soil type, ecoregion or humus type was the second most important explanatory factor. [::] There was no consistent relationship between modelled deposition and C:N ratios. [Abstract] The C:N ratio is considered as an indicator of nitrate leaching in response to high atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition. However, the C:N ratio is influenced by a multitude of ...


Carbon and nitrogen in forest floor and mineral soil under six common European tree species

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 255, No. 1. (February 2008), pp. 35-48,


The knowledge of tree species effects on soil C and N pools is scarce, particularly for European deciduous tree species. We studied forest floor and mineral soil carbon and nitrogen under six common European tree species in a common garden design replicated at six sites in Denmark. Three decades after planting the six tree species had different profiles in terms of litterfall, forest floor and mineral soil C and N attributes. Three groups were identified: (1) ash, maple and lime, (2) ...


Occurrence of Phytophthora multivora and Phytophthora plurivora in the Czech Republic

Plant Protection Science, Vol. 49 (2013), pp. 155-164


Beginning in 2006, a survey of two related Phytophthora species, P. multivora and P. plurivora, was performed in the Czech Republic. Both pathogens were distributed throughout a broad range of environments including forest and riparian stands and probably became naturalised in the country. The two species differed in their frequency and elevational distribution. P. multivora was less frequent, but commonly occurred in the lowest regions such as Central Bohemia and South Moravia, i.e. areas which generally exhibit a high level of ...


First report of root rot of pedunculate oak and other forest tree species caused by Phytophthora plurivora in the Czech Republic

Plant Disease, Vol. 94, No. 2. (February 2010), pp. 272-272,


From 2006 to 2008, several similar Phytophthora isolates were obtained from roots of mature Quercus robur and other tree species (Acer platanoides, Fraxinus excelsior, Q. rubra, and Tilia cordata) in forests and parks in several areas in the Czech Republic. The trees were characterized by chlorotic and reduced foliage, crown dieback, and reduced root hairs. Several isolates of Phytophthora were obtained from necrotic roots of these trees and identified as Phytophthora plurivora Jung & Burgess (1). Isolated colonies grown on V8A ...


Assessing the role of vegetation on soil slopes in urban areas

In Proceedings of the 10th IAEG International Congress, IAEG2006 (2006), 744


Vegetation has generally been recognised for its aesthetic landscaping qualities in the urban environment, especially along transportation corridors and for use as noise barriers. The detrimental effects of vegetation are also recognised. Trees and shrubs draw out moisture from the ground through evapotranspiration processes, which leads to the seasonal shrinkage and swelling of clay soils. In adverse climatic conditions, e.g. prolonged hot and dry summers, moisture reduction in clay soils may cause substantial damage to buildings and property. This paper reports on recent projects and studies in ...


Analysis of Trophic Indices in Gypsy Moth (Lymantria dispar L.) Larvae from Two Geographic Populations

Russian Journal of Ecology, Vol. 33, No. 5. (2002), pp. 342-348,


Specific features of larval feeding in two geographic populations of the gypsy moth are considered. It is shown that in larvae reared on an artificial diet, trophic indices depend on several factors, including the age and sex of larvae and the food plant on which the parental generation developed in nature. It is shown that larval micropopulations belonging to the same geographic population but feeding in nature on different plant species differ from each other to a greater extent than those ...


Life history of the Asian longhorn beetle Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera Cerambycidae) in southern Europe

Agricultural and Forest Entomology, Vol. 17, No. 2. (1 May 2015), pp. 188-196,


[::] The Asian longhorn beetle Anoplophora glabripennis is highly polyphagous and widely spread over regions with different climates. Determining the key life-history traits is important for understanding how local conditions affect its successful establishment and to develop adaptive management strategies. [::] Field and laboratory studies were conducted from 2010 to 2012 on an A. glabripennis infestation in Northern Italy, aiming to determine its seasonal phenology, adult beetle longevity, density of successful emergence, infestation age and overwintering life history. [::] Adult beetle ...


Molecular and physiological responses of trees to waterlogging stress

Plant, Cell & Environment (May 2014), pp. n/a-n/a,


One major effect of global climate change will be altered precipitation patterns in many regions of the world. This will cause a higher probability of long-term waterlogging in winter/spring and flash floods in summer because of extreme rainfall events. Particularly, trees not adapted at their natural site to such waterlogging stress can be impaired. Despite the enormous economic, ecological and social importance of forest ecosystems, the effect of waterlogging on trees is far less understood than the effect on many crops ...


Flooding tolerance of Central European tree and shrub species

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 235, No. 1-3. (November 2006), pp. 1-13,
Keywords: abies-alba   acer-campestre   acer-platanoides   acer-pseudoplatanus   aesculus-hippocastanum   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-incana   alnus-viridis   betula-pendula   carpinus-betulus   castanea-sativa   cornus-sanguinea   corylus-avellana   crataegus-monogyna   disturbances   fagus-sylvatica   floods   forest-resources   frangula-alnus   fraxinus-excelsior   ilex-aquifolium   juglans-regia   juniperus-communis   larix-decidua   malus-sylvestris   picea-abies   pinus-sylvestris   populus-alba   populus-nigra   populus-tremula   prunus-avium   prunus-domestica   prunus-mahaleb   prunus-padus   prunus-spinosa   quercus-petraea   quercus-pubescens   quercus-robur   robinia-pseudoacacia   salix-alba   salix-caprea   salix-spp   sambucus-nigra   sorbus-aria   sorbus-aucuparia   taxus-baccata   tilia-cordata   tilia-platyphyllos   tolerance   ulmus-glabra   ulmus-minor   viburnum-opulus   water-resources  


Extensive efforts have been made in recent years to restore rivers with a view to increasing the ecological value of riparian areas and the surrounding landscape and to improving the protection provided against extreme flooding events. One of the important factors for the successful establishment and survival of tree and shrub species in enlarged river corridors (particularly in lowlands) – and in retention basins – is their capacity to survive in anoxic conditions, i.e. their flooding tolerance. The importance of improving ...


River dynamics as a forest process: Interaction between fluvial systems and alluvial forests in large European river plains

The Botanical Review, Vol. 63, No. 1. (1997), pp. 40-64,


This paper corresponds to an overview of the impacts of the inundations on gallery forest processes, with examples of the upper Rhine valley, France. The geomorphic pattern of big river plains, the particularities of the nutrient cycle, the adaptations of the flora, the specificities of the sylvigenetic cycles are detailed, with examples of the upper Rhine valley. [Excerpt: Specific Particularities] The flow of water in terrestrial ecosystems has many effects on plants and animals. Water acts as a resource because floods act as migration ...


Distribution map of Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur)



The distribution maps on this page were compiled by experts contributing to EUFORGEN activities, based on existing bibliography and other information sources. Individuals may use the distribution maps for personal, educational, scientific or other non-commercial purposes without prior permission from the EUFORGEN Secretariat but they must acknowledge EUFORGEN as the source of information. In case the distribution maps are used for a publication, the EUFORGEN Secretariat would appreciate receiving a notification or a copy of the publication. ...


Syntaxonomy of hygrophilous woods of the Alno-Quercion roboris

Annali di Botanica, Vol. 57 (1999), pp. 133-146,


A syntaxonomical revision of the hygrophilous woods occurring in marshy places of the flood-plains from SE Europe is given. This vegetation is included in the Alno-Quercion roboris, alliance of the Populetalia albae, which comprises numerous associations characterized by the dominance of hard-wood trees, such as Quercus robur, Fraxinus oxycarpa, Ulmus minor, Alnus glutinosa, etc. For each association the synonyms, nomenclature type, diagnostic species, ecology, structure and chorology are given. ...


Dalby Söderskog revisited: long-term vegetation changes in a south Swedish deciduous forest

Acta Oecologica, Vol. 31, No. 2. (March 2007), pp. 229-242,


In this study, we report on 67 years of secondary succession in the temperate deciduous forest Dalby Söderskog, southern Sweden. In 2002 vegetation analyses were conducted in 74 systematically distributed plots and the results compared with similar investigations during the years 1935, 1969 and 1976. Additionally, a floristic survey of the forest was made and compared with inventories of the years 1925, 1935 and 1970. From 1970 to 2002, overall species richness of the forest continued to decline, but at a ...


Shake in oak: an evidence review



Shake is the phenomenon of internal, longitudinal splitting of the wood in a growing tree. It occurs in either an annular pattern as ring shake or radially as star shake and is only possible to detect definitively once a tree is felled. Oaks can be affected by either or by both types, although star shakes occur more frequently than ring shakes. Figure 1 shows both types with characteristic staining. This report addresses shake in native oak species, that is pedunculate (Quercus ...


Quercus robur

In Enzyklopädie der Holzgewächse: Handbuch und Atlas der Dendrologie, Vol. 3 (2012)


Die Weichselkirsche ist ein höchstens 10 m hoher, kleiner Baum mit kurzem Stamm und breiter Krone, auf ungünstigen Standorten bleibt sie ein Strauch. Ihr Verbreitungsgebiet liegt in Südeuropa und zieht sich über den Kaukasus bis nach Turkestan hin. Als dürreresistente, thermophile Art mit hohen Lichtansprüchen gedeiht sie vor allem auf felsigen, flachen Kalkböden; in geschlossenen Waldbeständen kommt sie nicht vor. Da das Holz angenehm nach Cumarin duftet, stellt man Schmuck und kleinere Gebrauchsgegenstände daraus her. Ihre etwas bitter schmeckenden Früchte verwendet ...


Growth decrease and mortality of oak floodplain forests as a response to change of water regime and climate

European Journal of Forest Research In European Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 134, No. 3. (2015), pp. 555-567,


Forest mortality is globally present, and pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) forests in Europe are no exception at all. The aim of this study was to tackle the issue of oak floodplain forests response to water level, temperature and precipitation changes due to the altered climate conditions. We examined interannual and interseasonal scales using dendroecological analysis. The goal was to review the growth from the perspective of forest management practice, including specific recommendations for forest managers. The most important environmental variable in ...


Oak decline in a southern Finnish forest as affected by a drought sequence

Geochronometria, Vol. 41, No. 1. (1 January 2014),


We investigated the decline of a pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) forest growing on shallow soil at the northern distributional limit of the species in southern Finland, using the dendroclimatic approach. About 200-year-old trees in three vigour classes — healthy, declining and dead — were sampled in 2008. Annual tree-ring, earlywood and latewood widths were measured and chronologies were established. The tree-ring data were correlated with monthly and seasonal climate data. Radial increment of oaks was positively related to the June ...


Production of epicormic shoots on oak (Quercus robur): effects of frequency and time of pruning

Forestry, Vol. 74, No. 5. (01 January 2001), pp. 467-477,


The effect of frequency and time of pruning on the population of epicormic shoots was investigated for two stands of oak (Quercus robur L.). Pruning frequencies consisted of eight permutations of pruning or not pruning in three successive years, comparisons were also made between pruning in four different months. The final pruning was in January 1994 and the last assessment was in early 1998. Pruning had a short‐term effect on total number of epicormic shoots but this had mostly disappeared within ...


Durability of English oak (Quercus robur L.) - Comparison of decay progress and resistance under various laboratory and field conditions

International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, Vol. 86 (January 2014), pp. 79-85,


Durability of 3 oak assortments tested in laboratory, semi-laboratory, field tests. Only little variation in durability of the different oak origins was found. Differences were superposed by the effect of different test methods. Transferability of lab results to outdoor performance limited. Various procedures are used for testing the durability of wood and wood based materials for decades. Generally they can be divided in field and laboratory tests, whereby lab tests allow more defined and reproducible conditions and benefit from shorter test ...


The ‘masking effect’ of silviculture on substrate-induced plant diversity in oak-hornbeam forests from northern France

Biodiversity & Conservation In Biodiversity & Conservation, Vol. 9, No. 11. (2000), pp. 1467-1491,


Traditional measures of plant diversity from phytosociological relevés are used to compare floristical richness and diversity between different oak-hornbeam forest stands of Thiérache (Northern France). Five sets of physiognomically similar forests are distinguished according to the geological substrate: schists and sandstones, loess on schists, loess on calcareous rocks, jurassic limestones, cretaceous marls and clays. Plant species diversity is investigated at two scale levels: a phytocoenotic level and a synusial one which is supposed to partly avoid a possible silviculture-related bias. Two ...


Improvement and silviculture of oaks in Hungary

Annales des Sciences Forestières, Vol. 50, No. 6. (1993), pp. 607-614,


The most important tree species in Hungary are the indigenous oak secies (Quercus sessiliflora, Q robur, Q cerris). They form mixed stands, most frequently with hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) and beech (Fagus sylvatica). They occupy nearly 35% of the Hungarian forests. For oak timber, the allowable cut exceeds demand; it is therefore possible to export the more valuable mixtures. Producing valuable oak timber is of great importance for Hungarian forestry. Veneer logs of good quality can be harvested from mixed 2-storied oak ...


New perspectives in German oak silviculture

Annales des Sciences Forestières, Vol. 50, No. 6. (1993), pp. 563-570,


After decades of negligence, oak (Q petraea and Q pedunculata) is now being replanted throughout Germany on an increasingly wider scale. For the first time, the amount of oak now established in Baden-Württemberg is the same as it was 100-200 yr ago. This is a result of both ecological and economical factors. The concepts involved in establishing and tending an oak stand vary considerably - as do the costs. New perspectives in silviculture and in the proliferation of oak management have ...


Methods of oak silviculture in Austria

Annales des Sciences Forestières, Vol. 50, No. 6. (1993), pp. 583-591,


In Austria oak stands occupy an area covering ≈ 150 000 ha or ≈ 4% of the total forest area. Half of the oak stands are managed as coppice or coppice with standards, and half are managed as high forest. During the last 2 decades there has been a remarkable increase in developing young oak stands. The interest in managing suitable forest areas for oak is apparently growing. Therefore regeneration methods, timely and proper management and thinning regimes will be very ...


Herbivory by the pine weevil (Hylobius abietis L.) and short-snouted weevils (Strophosoma melanogrammum Forst. and Otiorhynchus scaber L.) during the conversion of a wind-thrown Norway spruce forest into a mixed-species plantation

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 190, No. 2-3. (March 2004), pp. 281-290,


The influence of above-ground insect herbivory and other agents of damage to seedlings was studied in a field experiment. Nine different tree species were planted in each of five randomised blocks. The species were: Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertner, Betula pendula Roth., Fagus sylvatica L., Fraxinus excelsior L., Larix eurolepis Henry, Picea abies (L.) Karst., Prunus avium L., Quercus robur L. and Tilia cordata Mill. The seedlings were monitored through the 2000–2002 growing seasons. Pine weevils (Hylobius abietis L.) fed significantly more ...

Visual summary


Influence of patch scarification and insect herbivory on growth and survival in Fagus sylvatica L., Picea abies L. Karst. and Quercus robur L. seedlings following a Norway spruce forest

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 134, No. 1-3. (September 2000), pp. 111-123,


Southern Sweden is dominated by relatively uniform coniferous forests where Norway spruce is the most common tree species. Ecological and economic considerations have created an interest in re-establishing broadleaves in these forests. To study the influence of patch scarification and compare the influence of insect herbivory on growth and survival in beech (Fagus sylvatica L.), Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) and oak (Quercus robur L.) seedlings, a field experiment was established. The experiment was carried out on a new clear-cut ...

Visual summary


Taxonomical impact of morphological variation in Quercus robur and Q petraea: a contribution to the hybrid controversy

Annales des sciences forestières, Vol. 50, No. Supplement. (1993), pp. 107s-113s,


Numeric - taxonomical analysis of the complex Quercus robur-Q petraea showed that variability within each of the 2 species is so wide that none of the features considered is suitable for clear distinction. By using multivariate statistical analysis, it was possible to differentiate 2 distinct groups and thus to locate intermediate individuals. However, designating such morphologically intermediate individuals as hybrids remains questionable because it is not possible to find the exact limits of each group. For practical reasons, such limits have ...


Hybridization between Quercus robur and Q. petraea in a mixed oak stand in Denmark

Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 66, No. 7. (2009), pp. 706-706,


[::] Hybridization and mating pattern between Quercus robur and Q. petraea was studied in a 5.8 ha mixed forest stand in Jutland, Denmark which comprises in total 135 Quercus robur and 230 Q. petraea trees. Classification of the oak trees into species was performed using canonical discriminant analysis of a range of leaf morphological traits. Adult trees (365) and offspring (582) were genotyped with eight microsatellite markers. Seedlings were sampled in 2003 and acorns were collected in 2004. [::] Mating patterns of ...


Vegetative reproduction of trees in some European natural forests

Vegetatio, Vol. 72, No. 2. (1987), pp. 103-110


Various means of vegetative reproduction in unexploited forests in western Europe are illustrated with examples. Root suckers are sometimes almost the only method of forest regeneration near the limits of tree growth on the Wadden islands and they can play an important role in forest gaps and riverine forests. Trunk suckers finally replacing their parent trees occur in Alnus, Tilia and Ulmus. Partial uprooting of trees, favoured by special soil conditions, was shown to be an important condition for vegetative reproduction. ...


Composition and structure of natural mixed-oak stands in northern and central Portugal

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 262, No. 10. (2011), pp. 1928-1937,


Stand composition and structure of natural mixed-oak stands of common-oak (Quercus robur L.) and pyrenean-oak (Quercus pyrenaica Willd.) were studied. Diverse compositional and structural elements in early and late successional stand stages were analysed. The study was conducted in north and central Portugal where different natural mixed oak forests types are located. The following mixed-oak forest types involving common-oak and pyrenean-oak were studied: common-oak & other hardwoods; common-oak & cork-oak (Quercus suber L.); ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl) & pyrenean-oak; and pyrenean-oak ...


Comparative study of the bryophyte epiphytic vegetation in Quercus pyrenaica and Quercus robur Woodlands from northern Portugal

Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Briología, Vol. 26 (2005), pp. 75-84


In the last few decades the remaining woodlands in the northern region of the Portuguese territory have been replaced by large extensions of artificial plantations. Nevertheless, some of these woodlands are still represented and included in the Natura 2000 Network Sites. Epiphytic bryophytes were studied on six sites selected according to its climacic vegetation: pure woodlands of Quercus robur, pure woodlands of Q. pyrenaica and mixed woodlands of Q. robur and Q. pyrenaica. Each trunk was divided into a basal, a ...


EUFORGEN Technical Guidelines for genetic conservation and use for pedunculate and sessile oaks (Quercus robur/Quercus petraea)



These Technical Guidelines are intended to assist those who cherish the valuable white oaks genepool and its inheritance, through conserving valuable seed sources or use in practical forestry. The focus is on conserving the genetic diversity of the species at the European scale. The recommendations provided in this module should be regarded as a commonly agreed basis to be complemented and further developed in local, national or regional conditions. The Guidelines are based on the available knowledge of the species and on ...


Árboles monumentales de España

Keywords: abies-alba   abies-pinsapo   abies-spp   acer-campestre   arbutus-unedo   boiss   castanea-sativa   celtis-australis   ceratonia-siliqua   citrus-aurantium   cupressus-macrocarpa   cupressus-sempervirens   dracaena-drago   eucalyptus-globulus   fagus-silvatica   fagus-sylvatica   ficus-carica   ficus-macrophylla   forest-resources   fraxinus-excelsior   ilex-aquifolium   jubaea-chilensis   juglans-regia   juniperus-cedrus   juniperus-oxycedrus   juniperus-phoenicea   juniperus-thurifera   laurus-azorica   liriodendron-tulipifera   monumental-trees   morus-alba   nolina-recurvata   olea-europaea   phoenix-canariensis   phoenix-dactylifera   pinus-canariensis   pinus-halepensis   pinus-nigra   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-sylvestris   pinus-uncinata   pistacia-terebinthus   platanus-x-hispanica   populus-alba   populus-nigra   prunus-dulcis   pyrus-spinosa   quercus-cerrioides   quercus-faginea   quercus-ilex   quercus-petraea   quercus-pyrenaica   quercus-robur   quercus-suber   sequoiadendron-giganteum   spain   syagrus-romanzoffiana   taxodium-distichum   taxodium-mucronatum   taxus-baccata   tilia-platyphyllos   ulmus-glabra   ulmus-minor   washingtonia-robusta   wisteria-sinensis   yucca-filifera  


[Excerpt] De entre todas las especies vegetales, la de los árboles resulta, por distintas razones, la más notable y la que está más ligada, por muy diferentes causas, al devenir del ser humano, a la historia y a la cultura de los pueblos que prosperaron a su alrededor. Los árboles nos han otorgado alimento y cobijo; los hemos relacionado con acontecimientos históricos de muy diferente índole; los hemos vinculado a devociones religiosas y milagrosas; hemos celebrado fiestas y júbilo alrededor de ellos; en definitiva, han permanecido vinculados a lo terrenal y ...


Árboles monumentales de España - Comunidades Autónomas

Keywords: acer-pseudoplatanus   araucaria-araucana   araucaria-bidwillii   betula-pendula   camellia-reticulata   castanea-sativa   casuarina-equisetifolia   cedrus-atlantica   cedrus-libani   ceiba-pentandra   celtis-australis   ceratonia-siliqua   cinnamomum-camphora   crataegus-monogyna   cupressus-sempervirens   dracaena-draco   eucaliptus-camaldulensis   eucalyptus-globulus   fagus-sylvatica   ficus-carica   ficus-macrophylla   forest-resources   fraxinus-angustifolia   gleditsia-triacanthos   hedera-helix   ilex-aquifolium   juglans-regia   juniperus-oxycedrus   juniperus-thurifera   lagunaria-patersoni   laurus-nobilis   magnolia-grandiflora   monumental-trees   morus-nigra   myrtus-communis   olea-europaea   phoenix-canariensis   phytolacca-dioica   pinus-halepensis   pinus-nigra   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-sylvestris   platanus-orientalis   populus-alba   populus-nigra   prunus-dulcis   quercus-canariensis   quercus-faginea   quercus-ilex   quercus-petraea   quercus-pyrenaica   quercus-robur   quercus-rotundifolia   quercus-suber   quercus-x-morisii   sequoiadendron-giganteum   sorbus-domestica   spain   tamarix-canariensis   taxodium-distichum   taxodium-mucronatum   taxus-baccata   tilia-tomentosa   ulmus-minor   washingtonia-robusta  


[Excerpt] En las páginas de este libro podrá encontrar el lector interesado algunos de los árboles más bellos, localizados en los diversos territorios de nuestras Comunidades Autónomas. La Compañía Logística de Hidrocarburos CLH, S.A. desea, con esta colección de árboles monumentales, tender un puente entre los dos elementos que dan sentido a su cotidiano devenir empresarial: el hombre y la naturaleza. Es decir, el servicio a los hombres, a la Sociedad y el deseo de colaborar en la conservación del entorno natural. Y para la construcción de ese puente ...


Diversity and ecological differentiation of oak forests in NW Thrace (Turkey)

Archives of Biological Sciences, Vol. 62, No. 3. (2010), pp. 705-718,


Quercus robur, Q. frainetto, Q. cerris and Q. petraea that predominate in forests in the Thrace region, a bridge between the Balkans and Anatolia, were sampled, elaborated and classified. The ecological conditions were estimated by bio-indicator values. Oak forests can be divided into four groups: Q. robur-Fraxinus angustifolia forests thriving in floodplains, Q. petraea forests found at higher altitudes, Q. frainetto-Carpinus orientalis forests appearing in the warmest and driest sites and Q. frainetto forests on more humid sites. It was established ...


British Trees and Insects: The Role of Palatability

The American Naturalist, Vol. 118, No. 6. (1981), pp. 916-919


[Excerpt] The wide variation in the number of species of insect herbivores associated with different plant species has been shown to be a result of, among other things, the following: the plant's cumulative ancient abundance (Southwood 1961); its geographical range (Strong 1974; Levin 1976; Lawton and Schroder 1977); the length of time that the plant has been available for colonization (Birks 1980); its taxonomic isolation (Lawton and Schriider 1977); successional status (Cates and Orians 1975); growth form (Maiorana 1978; Scriber 1978); ...


Mechanisms, effects and management implications of rockfall in forests

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 215, No. 1-3. (August 2005), pp. 183-195,


At the scale of forest stands, there is a lack of quantitative, statistically valid data on the protective effect of forests against rockfall. Therefore, the first objective of this study was to quantify the velocities, rebound heights as well as the residual hazard of rockfall on a forested and a non-forested slope. The second objective was to evaluate existing rockfall protection forest management guidelines, as well as the underlying criteria. We carried out and analysed 100 real size rockfall experiments at ...


Ecological and phytogeographical differentiation of oak-hornbeam forests in southeastern Europe

Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, Vol. 147, No. 1. (6 August 2012), pp. 84-98,


Abstract The aim of the study was to establish the main types of oak-hornbeam (Carpinus betulus and Quercus sp. div) forests on the Apennines, Balkan peninsula and southern Alps and their correlations with the main ecological and phytogeographical gradients in the region. Furthermore, the comparison with the major types recognized in the traditional expert-based classification was done. 1676 relevés of oak-hornbeam forests (alliances Erythronio-Carpinion, Carpinion moesiacum, Physospermo verticillati-Quercion cerris) from the area of the Apennines, Balkan peninsula and southern Alps were ...


Species-specific climate response of oaks (Quercus spp.) under identical environmental conditions

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Vol. 7, No. 2. (02 April 2014), pp. 61-69,


Oak forests play a major role in Britain due to their economic, social and historic value. Sudden oak death and general decline symptoms have therefore caused major concerns in the forestry sector over the past decade. Several strategies have been proposed to preserve the economic and social value of oak forests, including the planting of native species with more southerly origins, or non-native species of oak that may be better suited to the projected climate of the future. The Ovington research ...


Improvement and silviculture of oaks in Hungary

Annales des Sciences Forestières, Vol. 50, No. 6. (1993), pp. 607-614


The most important tree species in Hungary are the indigenous oak species (Quercus sessiliflora, Q robur, Q cerris). They form mixed stands, most frequently with hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) and beech (Fagus sylvatica). They occupy nearly 35% of the Hungarian forests. For oak timber, the allowable cut exceeds demand; it is therefore possible to export the more valuable mixtures. Producing valuable oak timber is of great importance for Hungarian forestry. Veneer logs of good quality can be harvested from mixed 2-storied oak ...


An overview of ecology and silviculture of indigenous oaks in France

Annales des Sciences Forestières, Vol. 53, No. 2-3. (1996), pp. 649-661,


There are nine species of oaks in French forests: Quercus petraea, Q robur, Q pubescens, Q pyrenaica, Q ilex, Q rubra, Q suber, Q coccifera and Q cerris. Among them, five are of major economic and ecological importance, either because of the quality and value of their wood or because of their geographic extension, or both. Two of these species are widespread in the hills and plains of the Atlantic and of the mid-European domains: Q petraea (sessile oak), and Q ...


Ecological anachronisms in the recruitment of temperate light-demanding tree species in wooded pastures

Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 41, No. 3. (June 2004), pp. 571-582,


[::] Light-demanding trees and thorny shrubs in temperate plant communities may reflect adaptations to now-extinct large grazers, such as aurochs and tarpans, rendering these adaptations ecological anachronisms. [::] We explored the ecological functions of plant traits of Quercus robur and Prunus spinosa in areas grazed by cattle and horses, the domesticated descendants of aurochs and tarpans. Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that grazing induces a shifting mosaic of grassland, shrub thickets and woodlands through the key process of associational resistance: the protection ...

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