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Selection: with tag quercus-ilex [53 articles] 

 

Assessing risk and adaptation options to fires and windstorms in European forestry

  
Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change In Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 15, No. 7. (10 July 2010), pp. 681-701, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11027-010-9243-0

Abstract

Risks can generally be described as the combination of hazard, exposure and vulnerability. Using this framework, we evaluated the historical and future development of risk of fire and wind damage in European forestry at the national level. Fire risk is expected to increase, mainly as a consequence of an increase in fire hazard, defined as the Fire Weather Index in summer. Exposure, defined as forest area, is expected to increase slightly as a consequence of active afforestation and abandonment of marginal ...

 

History matters: previous land use changes determine post-fire vegetation recovery in forested Mediterranean landscapes

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 279 (September 2012), pp. 121-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.05.020

Abstract

[Abstract] Land use changes and shifts in disturbance regimes (e.g. wildfires) are recognized worldwide as two of the major drivers of the current global change in terrestrial ecosystems. We expect that, in areas with large-scale land use changes, legacies from previous land uses persist and affect current ecosystem responses to climate-associated disturbances like fire. This study analyses whether post-fire vegetation dynamics may differ according to specific historical land use histories in a Mediterranean forest landscape of about 60,000 ha that was burnt ...

 

Geographic distribution of 24 major tree species in the Mediterranean and their genetic resources

  
(2016)

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] The Mediterranean Basin is one of the world’s richest places in terms of animal and plant diversity. It is a highly diverse region and its mountains, rivers, forests and thousands of islands form a mosaic of natural and cultural landscapes of incomparable value. With around 25,000 species of native plants, of which more than half are endemic, and because many habitats and species are threatened, the Mediterranean is recognized as one of the Global Biodiversity Hotspots [18]. For millennia, ...

 

Planting sentinel European trees in Eastern Asia as a novel method to identify potential insect pest invaders

  
PLoS ONE, Vol. 10, No. 5. (20 May 2015), e0120864, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120864

Abstract

Quarantine measures to prevent insect invasions tend to focus on well-known pests but a large proportion of the recent invaders were not known to cause significant damage in their native range, or were not even known to science before their introduction. A novel method is proposed to detect new potential pests of woody plants in their region of origin before they are introduced to a new continent. Since Asia is currently considered to be the main supplier of insect invaders to ...

 

Regional estimation of woodland moisture content by inverting Radiative Transfer Models

  
Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 132 (May 2013), pp. 59-70, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2013.01.004

Abstract

[Abstract] We inverted the PROSPECT and GEOSAIL Radiative Transfer Models (RTM) using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) data to retrieve Live Fuel Moisture Content (LFMC) in woodlands located in the peninsular territory of Spain. Ecological rules were used to parameterize the RTM. This approach reduces the probability of an ill-posed problem in the inversion of the selected RTMs, by rejecting unrealistic combinations of input parameters. Three species representatives of each region were used to derive the ecological rules: Quercus ilex L., Quercus ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 29

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   pyrus-castribonensis   pyrus-chosrovica   pyrus-communis   pyrus-complexa   pyrus-daralagezi   pyrus-elata   pyrus-gergerana   pyrus-hajastana   pyrus-magyarica   pyrus-nivalis   pyrus-nutans   pyrus-pyraster   pyrus-sicanorum   pyrus-sosnovskyi   pyrus-spinosa   pyrus-spp   pyrus-tamamschianae   pyrus-theodorovii   pyrus-vallis-demonis   pyrus-voronovii   python   q-learning   quantitive-variation   quantum-computing   quantum-gis   quarantine   quaternary   quercus   quercus-agrifolia   quercus-alnifolia   quercus-borealis   quercus-canariensis   quercus-cerrioides   quercus-cerris   quercus-chrysolepis   quercus-coccifera   quercus-coccinea   quercus-crenata   quercus-dalechampii   quercus-douglasii   quercus-emoryi   quercus-engelmannii   quercus-faginea   quercus-falcata   quercus-frainetto   quercus-gambelii   quercus-garryana   quercus-ilex   quercus-imbricaria   quercus-kelloggii   quercus-lanuginosa   quercus-liaotungensis   quercus-lobata   quercus-macrolepis   quercus-mongolica   quercus-palustris   quercus-parvula   quercus-pedunculata   quercus-pedunculiflora   quercus-petraea   quercus-polycarpa   quercus-pontica   quercus-prinus   quercus-pubescens   quercus-pyrenaica   quercus-robur   quercus-rotundifolia   quercus-rubra   quercus-sessiflora   quercus-sessiliflora   quercus-sicula   quercus-spp   quercus-suber   quercus-trojana   quercus-variabilis   quercus-virgiliana   quercus-virginiana   quercus-wislizeni   quercus-x-morisii   radar   radial-growth   radiocarbon-chronology   rainfall   rainforest   rainy-days_daily-rainfall   random-forest   random-walk   range-altitude   range-modelling   range-shift   rank-based-analysis   rapid-assessment   rare-events   rarely-observed-plant-species   rasterisation   ravine-forest   realised-vs-potential-range   realized-niche   reassuring-learning  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

Tree species is the major factor explaining C:N ratios in European forest soils

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 311 (January 2014), pp. 3-16, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.06.047

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] C:N ratio in forest floor, peat and mineral topsoil mainly depend on tree species. [::] Most important differences in C:N ratios are seen between deciduous and evergreen species. [::] Either soil type, ecoregion or humus type was the second most important explanatory factor. [::] There was no consistent relationship between modelled deposition and C:N ratios. [Abstract] The C:N ratio is considered as an indicator of nitrate leaching in response to high atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition. However, the C:N ratio is influenced by a multitude of ...

 

Runoff production and erosion processes on a dehesa in Western Spain

  
Geographical Review, Vol. 92, No. 3. (2002), pp. 333-353, https://doi.org/10.2307/4140914

Abstract

Runoff generation and soil erosion were investigated at the Guadalperalon experimental watershed (western Spain), within the land-use system known as dehesa, or open, managed evergreen forests. Season and type of surface were found to control runoff and soil-loss rates. Five soil units were selected as representative of surface types found in the study area: hillslope grass, bottom grass, tree cover, sheep trails, and shrub cover. Measurements were made in various conditions with simulated rainfall to gain an idea of the annual ...

 

Long term persistence of dehesas - Evidences from history

  
Agroforestry Systems In Agroforestry Systems, Vol. 67, No. 1. (April 2006), pp. 19-28, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-005-1110-8

Abstract

Dehesas are agrosilvopastoral systems characterized by a savanna-like physiognomy. Today the central problem for the continuity of the dehesas is the gradual decay of tree canopy. We have investigated the history of the vegetation and management of dehesas from the middle ages to the present day in order to know in which conditions they have persisted in the long run. The results show that the word dehesa has been used historically for private grazing lands, with no reference to any vegetation ...

 

Resprouting patterns after fire and response to stool cleaning of two coexisting Mediterranean oaks with contrasting leaf habits on two different sites

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 179, No. 1-3. (July 2003), pp. 401-414, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(02)00541-8

Abstract

The extension of mixed evergreen (Quercus ilex) and winter deciduous (Quercus cerrioides) oak coppices is increasing in NE Spain as a consequence of large wildfires. The best alternative to manage these high-density and low production forests is their conversion into stored coppices (i.e. coppices with few stems per stool). However, in this process, functional differences arising from the contrasted leaf-habit of the two co-occurring oaks should be taken into account. In this study, we explore the resprouting patterns and the response ...

 

Identificación de los anillos anuales de crecimiento de la encina (Quercus ilex. L.)

  
Orsis, Vol. 8 (1993), pp. 127-139

Abstract

Methods for intelpreting annual tree-rings of holm oak (Quercus ilex L.). The growth pattem of the holm oak (Quercus ilex L.) is difficult to interpret due to varied features of its wood. In order to find a practical as well as reliable method for interpreting annual ...

 

Genetic consequences of habitat fragmentation in long-lived tree species: the case of the Mediterranean holm oak (Quercus ilex, L.)

  
Journal of Heredity, Vol. 101, No. 6. (01 November 2010), pp. 717-726, https://doi.org/10.1093/jhered/esq081

Abstract

Large-scale forest fragmentation can increase interpopulation genetic differentiation and erode the genetic variability of remnant plant populations. In this study, we analyze the extent of clonality and the genetic variability and structure within a holm oak (Quercus ilex) population from Central Spain at 3 patches showing different degrees of fragmentation. For this purpose, we have typed 191 individuals (105 adults and 86 saplings) at 9 microsatellite loci. Microsatellite markers revealed an extensive clonal structure in this species, with most analyzed clumps ...

 

Comparative field study of Quercus ilex and Phillyrea latifolia: photosynthetic response to experimental drought conditions

  
Environmental and Experimental Botany, Vol. 50, No. 2. (October 2003), pp. 137-148, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0098-8472(03)00019-4

Abstract

Quercus ilex and Phillyrea latifolia growing in a holm oak forest in Prades mountains (NE Spain) were subjected to experimental drought conditions. Soil water availability was reduced about 15% by plastic strips and funnels that partially excluded rain throughfall and by ditch exclusion of water runoff. Diurnal courses of maximum photochemical efficiency of PSII (Fv/Fm), apparent photosynthetic electron transport rate (ETR), net photosynthetic rate (A), transpiration rate (E) and water use efficiency (WUE) were measured in sunlit and shade leaves of ...

 

Holm oak and holm oak forests: an introduction

  
In Ecology of Mediterranean Evergreen Oak Forests, Vol. 137 (1999), pp. 3-14, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-58618-7_1

Abstract

Why should we study the Mediterranean evergreen forests of holm oak (Quercus ilex L.)? Besides the pursuit of knowledge, two major reasons can be put forward. First, holm oak forests are a dominant type of vegetation in a transition zone between temperate forests, mostly dominated by deciduous trees and the scrublands (maquis, chaparral, phrygana, etc.) that herald the tropical regions. In this transition zone, plants have had to cope with a selective pressure resulting from a double stress - winter cold ...

 

Biogeography, ecology and history of Mediterranean Quercus ilex ecosystems

  
In Quercus ilex L. ecosystems: function, dynamics and management, Vol. 13 (1992), pp. 19-34, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-2836-2_2

Abstract

Quercus ilex sensu lato plays an important role in Western Mediterranean ecosystems, but is poorly developed in the Eastern Mediterranean where it is often replaced by Quercus calliprinos. The occurrence of Quercus ilex in the different bioclimates and their thermic subdivisions is presented on a small scale. Under certain geographical and ecological conditions, Quercus ilex participates in the organization of vegetation ecosystems from the meso-Mediterranean to the oro-Mediterranean altitudinal zones. Quercus ilex imposes microclimatic constraints on its associated species; it thus organizes an ...

 

La classe Quercetea ilicis in Sicilia

  
Bollettino dell’Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali, Vol. 41 (2009), pp. 1-124

Abstract

On the basis of literature data and numerous unpublished relevès, a syntaxonomic revision of Quercetea ilicis class in Sicily is given. The surveyed associations are represented by evergreen, deciduous o mixed plant communities forming shrubland, maquis, bushland and woodland. They are communities dominated by sclerophylls or deciduous trees, widespread from the shoreline up to 1400 (1600) m of altitude, within the bioclimatic belts between the inframediterranean dry lower one and the supramediterranean subhumid-humid one. The study, regarding all the Sicilian ...

 

Germination of Quercus ilex and Q. pubescens in a Q. ilex coppice

  
Vegetatio In Vegetatio, Vol. 87, No. 1. (1990), pp. 45-50, https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00045654
 

Direct regeneration is not the only response of Mediterranean forests to large fires

  
Ecology, Vol. 85, No. 3. (March 2004), pp. 716-729, https://doi.org/10.1890/02-0492

Abstract

It is widely accepted that the postfire recovery in Mediterranean plant communities is carried out by direct regeneration, i.e., the fast recovery of a plant community with the same species pool that it had immediately prior to disturbance. However, there is evidence that not all plant species in the Mediterranean basin survive fire in all situations, suggesting that the direct regeneration process might not apply to all situations. We analyze whether the main combinations of forest tree species (up to 16) ...

 

Target regions for silvoarable agroforestry in Europe

  
Ecological Engineering, Vol. 29, No. 4. (April 2007), pp. 401-418, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2006.09.020

Abstract

Silvoarable agroforestry (SAF) has recently been proposed as an alternative land-use system for Europe. Data on soil, climate, topography, and land cover were integrated in a geographic information system (GIS) to identify agroforestry target regions where (i) productive growth of trees (Juglans spp., Prunus avium, Populus spp., Pinus pinea, and Quercus ilex) in SAF systems could be expected and where (ii) SAF systems could potentially reduce the risk of soil erosion, nitrate leaching and increase landscape diversity. The analysis shows that the ...

 

Reviving extinct Mediterranean forest communities may improve ecosystem potential in a warmer future

  
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 13, No. 7. (2015), pp. 356-362, https://doi.org/10.1890/150027

Abstract

The Mediterranean Basin is the region of Europe most vulnerable to negative climate-change impacts, including forest decline, increased wildfire, and biodiversity loss. Because humans have affected Mediterranean ecosystems for millennia, it is unclear whether the region’s native ecosystems were more resilient to climate change than current ecosystems, and whether they would provide sustainable management options if restored. We simulated vegetation with the LANDCLIM model, using present-day climate as well as future climate-change scenarios, in three representative areas that encompass a broad ...

 

Erosion in Mediterranean landscapes: changes and future challenges

  
Geomorphology, Vol. 198 (September 2013), pp. 20-36, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2013.05.023

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Recent land uses contribute to soil erosion in marginal lands. [::] Long history of human activity explains many landscape characteristics. [::] Intensification and extensification/wealth and poverty increase spatial complexity. [Abstract] Intense erosion processes are widespread in the Mediterranean region, and include sheet wash erosion, rilling, gullying, shallow landsliding, and the development of large and active badlands in both subhumid and semi-arid areas. This review analyses the main environmental and human features related to soil erosion processes, and the main factors that explain the extreme ...

 

Quercus ilex

  
In Enzyklopädie der Holzgewächse: Handbuch und Atlas der Dendrologie (2002)

Abstract

Von den Eichenarten Südeuropas und Nordafrikas ist die immergrüne Quercus ilex L. nicht nur die häufigste, sondern regional, insbesondere im Westteil ihres Areals, als Waldbildner, Fruchtbaum und Holzlieferant auch die bedeutendste. Wo sie nicht als Haupt- oder Mischbaumart bestandesweise vorkommt, dient sie als "Gerüstbaum" der mediterranen Hartlaubwälder. Mehrere hundert Jahre alte Exemplare sind im Mittelmeerraum nicht selten, und ein Höchstalter von über 1000 Jahren gilt als wahrscheinlich. Auf der iberischen Halbinsel und in der Atlasregion Nordafrikas ist sie die dominierende Baumart. ...

 

Ecological behavior of Quercus suber and Quercus ilex inferred by topographic wetness index (TWI)

  
Trees In Trees, Vol. 27, No. 5. (2013), pp. 1201-1215, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-013-0869-x

Abstract

The ecological behaviors of a network of pure evergreen oak stands (Quercus suber L. and Quercus ilex L.) in the Central-Western Mediterranean Basin were investigated toward climatic and edaphic factors implemented with the application of topographic wetness index (TWI). A Categorical Principal Component Analysis (Catpca) using climatic and soil physico-chemical parameters was performed on 23 cork oak and holm oak pure stands with the aim to understand better the effectiveness of TWI for characterizing soil ecology of the two species. Catpca ...

 

BVOCs: plant defense against climate warming?

  
Trends in Plant Science, Vol. 8, No. 3. (16 June 2015), pp. 105-109, https://doi.org/10.1016/s1360-1385(03)00008-6

Abstract

Plants emit a substantial amount of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) into the atmosphere. These BVOCs represent a large carbon loss and can be up to ∼10% of that fixed by photosynthesis under stressful conditions and up to 100 g C m−2 per year in some tropical ecosystems. Among a variety of proven and unproven BVOC functions in plants and roles in atmospheric processes, recent data intriguingly link emission of these compounds to climate. Ongoing research demonstrates that BVOCs could protect ...

 

Árboles monumentales de España

  
(2003)
Keywords: abies-alba   abies-pinsapo   abies-spp   acer-campestre   arbutus-unedo   boiss   castanea-sativa   celtis-australis   ceratonia-siliqua   citrus-aurantium   cupressus-macrocarpa   cupressus-sempervirens   dracaena-drago   eucalyptus-globulus   fagus-silvatica   fagus-sylvatica   ficus-carica   ficus-macrophylla   forest-resources   fraxinus-excelsior   ilex-aquifolium   jubaea-chilensis   juglans-regia   juniperus-cedrus   juniperus-oxycedrus   juniperus-phoenicea   juniperus-thurifera   laurus-azorica   liriodendron-tulipifera   monumental-trees   morus-alba   nolina-recurvata   olea-europaea   phoenix-canariensis   phoenix-dactylifera   pinus-canariensis   pinus-halepensis   pinus-nigra   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-sylvestris   pinus-uncinata   pistacia-terebinthus   platanus-x-hispanica   populus-alba   populus-nigra   prunus-dulcis   pyrus-spinosa   quercus-cerrioides   quercus-faginea   quercus-ilex   quercus-petraea   quercus-pyrenaica   quercus-robur   quercus-suber   sequoiadendron-giganteum   spain   syagrus-romanzoffiana   taxodium-distichum   taxodium-mucronatum   taxus-baccata   tilia-platyphyllos   ulmus-glabra   ulmus-minor   washingtonia-robusta   wisteria-sinensis   yucca-filifera  

Abstract

[Excerpt] De entre todas las especies vegetales, la de los árboles resulta, por distintas razones, la más notable y la que está más ligada, por muy diferentes causas, al devenir del ser humano, a la historia y a la cultura de los pueblos que prosperaron a su alrededor. Los árboles nos han otorgado alimento y cobijo; los hemos relacionado con acontecimientos históricos de muy diferente índole; los hemos vinculado a devociones religiosas y milagrosas; hemos celebrado fiestas y júbilo alrededor de ellos; en definitiva, han permanecido vinculados a lo terrenal y ...

 

Árboles monumentales de España - Comunidades Autónomas

  
(2005)
Keywords: acer-pseudoplatanus   araucaria-araucana   araucaria-bidwillii   betula-pendula   camellia-reticulata   castanea-sativa   casuarina-equisetifolia   cedrus-atlantica   cedrus-libani   ceiba-pentandra   celtis-australis   ceratonia-siliqua   cinnamomum-camphora   crataegus-monogyna   cupressus-sempervirens   dracaena-draco   eucaliptus-camaldulensis   eucalyptus-globulus   fagus-sylvatica   ficus-carica   ficus-macrophylla   forest-resources   fraxinus-angustifolia   gleditsia-triacanthos   hedera-helix   ilex-aquifolium   juglans-regia   juniperus-oxycedrus   juniperus-thurifera   lagunaria-patersoni   laurus-nobilis   magnolia-grandiflora   monumental-trees   morus-nigra   myrtus-communis   olea-europaea   phoenix-canariensis   phytolacca-dioica   pinus-halepensis   pinus-nigra   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-sylvestris   platanus-orientalis   populus-alba   populus-nigra   prunus-dulcis   quercus-canariensis   quercus-faginea   quercus-ilex   quercus-petraea   quercus-pyrenaica   quercus-robur   quercus-rotundifolia   quercus-suber   quercus-x-morisii   sequoiadendron-giganteum   sorbus-domestica   spain   tamarix-canariensis   taxodium-distichum   taxodium-mucronatum   taxus-baccata   tilia-tomentosa   ulmus-minor   washingtonia-robusta  

Abstract

[Excerpt] En las páginas de este libro podrá encontrar el lector interesado algunos de los árboles más bellos, localizados en los diversos territorios de nuestras Comunidades Autónomas. La Compañía Logística de Hidrocarburos CLH, S.A. desea, con esta colección de árboles monumentales, tender un puente entre los dos elementos que dan sentido a su cotidiano devenir empresarial: el hombre y la naturaleza. Es decir, el servicio a los hombres, a la Sociedad y el deseo de colaborar en la conservación del entorno natural. Y para la construcción de ese puente ...

 

Tree-rings reflect the impact of climate change on Quercus ilex L. along a temperature gradient in Spain over the last 100 years

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 262, No. 9. (November 2011), pp. 1807-1816, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2011.07.025

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] We study the oak response to climate along a temperature gradient using tree-rings. [::] Stand competition history was reconstructed and growth trends discussed. [::] Just warmer stands have reduced productivity responding to water stress increase. [::] The relationship between growth and precipitation was non-linear (sigmoidal). [::] The sigmoid response reflected biogeographically meaningful thresholds. [Abstract] We analyzed tree rings over the past 100 years to understand the response of Quercus ilex L. to climate change at four different sites along a temperature gradient in a highly ...

 

An overview of ecology and silviculture of indigenous oaks in France

  
Annales des Sciences Forestières, Vol. 53, No. 2-3. (1996), pp. 649-661, https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:19960243

Abstract

There are nine species of oaks in French forests: Quercus petraea, Q robur, Q pubescens, Q pyrenaica, Q ilex, Q rubra, Q suber, Q coccifera and Q cerris. Among them, five are of major economic and ecological importance, either because of the quality and value of their wood or because of their geographic extension, or both. Two of these species are widespread in the hills and plains of the Atlantic and of the mid-European domains: Q petraea (sessile oak), and Q ...

 

Decline of Mediterranean oak trees and its association with Phytophthora cinnamomi: a review

  
European Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 132, No. 3. (2013), pp. 411-432, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-013-0688-z

Abstract

Mortality events in cork and holm oaks have occurred in the Mediterranean basin since the beginning of the XX century, but severity of decline increased during the 1980s. By that time, the exotic soil borne pathogen Phytophthora cinnamomi was often recovered from declining stands and since then it has been considered the main factor associated with decline. This work analyses data concerning P. cinnamomi surveys in cork and holm oaks trees, pathogenicity tests carried out in controlled experiments, studies about the ...

 

Mechanisms maintaining biodiversity in Mediterranean pine-oak forests: insights from a spatial simulation model

  
Plant Ecology In Plant Ecology, Vol. 171, No. 1-2. (2004), pp. 197-207, https://doi.org/10.1023/b%3avege.0000029387.15947.b7

Abstract

Recurrent anthropogenic and natural perturbations, resource limitations and heterogeneous environments contribute to the maintenance of a remarkable biodiversity in Mediterranean plant communities. Yet, the essential mechanisms of community assembly in these systems remain largely unexplored. In the current paper we investigate the coexistence of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) and Holm oak (Quercus ilex L.), two of the most widely distributed species in the Iberian Peninsula, in relation to gradients in water availability and disturbance. A spatial model of landscape forest ...

 

Forest pathogens with higher damage potential due to climate change in Europe

  
Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 30, No. 2. (1 April 2008), pp. 177-195, https://doi.org/10.1080/07060661.2008.10540534
Keywords: abies-alba   alnus-cordata   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-incana   alnus-viridis   alpine-region   armillaria-spp   biscogniauxia-mediterranea   biscogniauxia-nummularia   carpinus-betulus   castanea-sativa   ceratocystis-platani   climate-change   corylus-avellana   cryphonectria-parasitica   cupressus-arizonica   cupressus-macrocarpa   cupressus-sempervirens   diplodia-pinea   dothistroma-pini   dothistroma-septosporum   droughts   dutch-elm-disease   europe   fagus-sylvatica   forest-pests   global-warming   gremmeniella-abietina   heterobasidion   heterobasidion-abietinum   heterobasidion-annosum   leptographium-spp   megastigmus-wachtli   mycosphaerella-pini   oak-decline   olea-europaea   ophiostoma-novo-ulmi   ophiostoma-ulmi   phytophthora-alni   phytophthora-cinnamomi   phytophthora-polonica   picea-abies   pinus-banksiana   pinus-cembra   pinus-contorta   pinus-halepensis   pinus-nigra   pinus-pallasiana   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-radiata   pinus-spp   pinus-sylvestris   platanus-spp   pseudotsuga   quercus-cerris   quercus-ilex   quercus-petraea   quercus-pubescens   quercus-robur   quercus-rotundifolia   quercus-spp   quercus-suber   scirrhia-pini   secondary-opportunistic-pest   seiridium-cardinale   seiridium-spp   silver-fir-decline   species-decline   sphaeropsis-sapinea   temperate-mountain-system   ulmus-glabra  

Abstract

Abstract Most atmospheric scientists agree that climate changes are going to increase the mean temperature in Europe with increased frequency of climatic extremes, such as drought, floods, and storms. Under such conditions, there is high probability that forests will be subject to increased frequency and intensity of stress due to climatic extremes. Therefore, impacts of climate change on forest health should be carefully evaluated. Given these assumptions, several fungal diseases on trees may become more devastating because of the following factors: ...

 

Review of oak stand decline with special reference to the role of drought in Poland

  
Forest Pathology, Vol. 28, No. 2. (March 1998), pp. 99-112, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.1998.tb01171.x

Abstract

Declines in oak-forest ecosystems have been reported frequently throughout the world since the beginning of this century. They have been associated with the death of individual trees, of small groups of trees or of entire stands. In this paper, the phenomenon of oak decline is presented in the context of the local site conditions in selected countries. Oak decline is regarded as a result of the synergistic action between damaging agents, both biotic and abiotic. Periodic changes of the climate in ...

 

Quercus L.

  
Journal of Ecology, Vol. 47, No. 1. (1959), pp. 169-222

Abstract

A large genus of shrubs and trees of at least 450 species, many of which are major components of the communities in which they occur. Distributed throughout the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere and extending into the tropical montane forest of central America southwards to Colombia, and that of lndomalaya; in Africa only in the Mediterranean Basin. Most of the species are restricted to the warmer temperate regions. The most recent monographs of the genus are by Camus (1936-39) and ...

 

Wildfires and landscape patterns in the Eastern Iberian peninsula

  
Landscape Ecology, Vol. 17, No. 8. (2002), pp. 745-759, https://doi.org/10.1023/a%3a1022966930861

Abstract

The relations between disturbance regime and landscape patterns have been developed from a theoretical perspective, but few studies have tested these relations when forces promoting opposing heterogeneity patterns are simultaneously operating on a landscape. This work provides quantitative evidence of these relations in areas dominated by human activity, showing that landscape heterogeneity decreases disturbance spread. In turn, disturbance introduces a source of landscape heterogeneity, but it is not enough to counterbalance the homogeneity trend due to agricultural abandonment. Land cover changes ...

 

Climate change impacts, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability of European forest ecosystems

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 259, No. 4. (16 February 2010), pp. 698-709, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2009.09.023

Abstract

This study compiles and summarizes the existing knowledge about observed and projected impacts of climate change on forests in Europe. Forests will have to adapt not only to changes in mean climate variables but also to increased variability with greater risk of extreme weather events, such as prolonged drought, storms and floods. Sensitivity, potential impacts, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability to climate change are reviewed for European forests. The most important potential impacts of climate change on forest goods and services are ...

 

Effect of drought on diameter increment of Quercus ilex, Phillyrea latifolia, and Arbutus unedo in a holm oak forest of NE Spain

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 180, No. 1-3. (July 2003), pp. 175-184, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(02)00598-4

Abstract

The present study was carried out to elucidate the drought growth responses of Quercus ilex L., Phillyrea latifolia L., Arbutus unedo L., and other accompanying woody species of the Mediterranean holm oak forest. We submitted holm oak forest stands in Prades mountains (NE Spain) to a 2-year experimental drought. We reduced soil water availability about 15% by plastic strips and funnels that partially excluded rain throughfall and by ditch interception of water runoff. Mean stem diameter increment showed a great variation ...

 

Constraints and trade-offs in Mediterranean plant communities: The case of holm oak-Aleppo pine forests

  
The Botanical Review, Vol. 66, No. 1. (2000), pp. 119-149, https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02857785

Abstract

In this paper we review those aspects that are relevant to the development of a mechanistic ecological theory to account for the structure and dynamics of Mediterranean forests, focusing our attention on mixed forests of holm oak (Quercus ilex L.), a shade-tolerant, slowgrowing species that resprouts vigorously after disturbance, and Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis M.), a fast-growing, nonresprouting, shade-intolerant species. The main objectives of this report are: to introduce some of the primary features of these forests, showing their structural complexity ...

 

What limits evaporation from Mediterranean oak woodlands – The supply of moisture in the soil, physiological control by plants or the demand by the atmosphere?

  
Advances in Water Resources, Vol. 30, No. 10. (October 2007), pp. 2113-2122, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2006.06.013

Abstract

The prediction of evaporation from Mediterranean woodland ecosystems is complicated by an array of climate, soil and plant factors. To provide a mechanistic and process-oriented understanding, we evaluate theoretical and experimental information on water loss of Mediterranean oaks at three scales, the leaf, tree and woodland. We use this knowledge to address: what limits evaporation from Mediterranean oak woodlands – the supply of moisture in the soil, physiological control by plants or the demand by the atmosphere? The Mediterranean climate is highly ...

 

Annual variation in soil respiration and its components in a coppice oak forest in Central Italy

  
Global Change Biology, Vol. 8, No. 9. (September 2002), pp. 851-866, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2486.2002.00521.x

Abstract

In order to investigate the annual variation of soil respiration and its components in relation to seasonal changes in soil temperature and soil moisture in a Mediterranean mixed oak forest ecosystem, we set up a series of experimental treatments in May 1999 where litter (no litter), roots (no roots, by trenching) or both were excluded from plots of 4 m2. Subsequently, we measured soil respiration, soil temperature and soil moisture in each plot over a year after the forest was coppiced. ...

 

Phytophthora cinnamomi and oak decline in southern Europe. Environmental constraints including climate change

  
Annales des Sciences Forestières, Vol. 53, No. 2-3. (1996), pp. 347-358, https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:19960217

Abstract

One of the most destructive of all tree root pathogens, the oomycete fungus Phytophthora cinnamomi, is associated with mortality and decline of Quercus suber and Q ilex in the Mediterranean region. The symptoms and distribution of this decline are described. P cinnamomi is a primary pathogen on a very wide range of trees and woody ornamentals worldwide, but is probably a native of the Papua New Guinea region. It is soil borne and requires warm, wet soils to infect roots. Since ...

 

Ice age legacies in the geographical distribution of tree species richness in Europe

  
Global Ecology and Biogeography, Vol. 16, No. 2. (1 March 2007), pp. 234-245, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2006.00280.x
Keywords: abies-alba   abies-borisii-regis   abies-cephalonica   abies-pinsapo   alnus-cordata   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-incana   betula-pendula   betula-pubescens   carpinus-betulus   castanea-sativa   celtis-australis   climate-change   corylus-colurna   fagus-orientalis   fagus-sylvatica   forest-resources   juglans-regia   juniperus-drupacea   juniperus-excelsa   larix-decidua   laurus-nobilis   ostrya-carpinifolia   paleo-climate   picea-abies   picea-omorika   pinus-brutia   pinus-cembra   pinus-halepensis   pinus-heldreichii   pinus-nigra   pinus-peuce   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-sylvestris   populus-alba   populus-nigra   populus-tremula   quercus-canariensis   quercus-cerris   quercus-faginea   quercus-frainetto   quercus-ilex   quercus-pedunculiflora   quercus-petraea   quercus-pubescens   quercus-pyrenaica   quercus-robur   quercus-rotundifolia   quercus-sicula   quercus-suber   salix-alba   salix-fragilis   taxus-baccata   ulmus-glabra   ulmus-laevis   ulmus-minor  

Abstract

Aim  This study uses a high-resolution simulation of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) climate to assess: (1) whether LGM climate still affects the geographical species richness patterns in the European tree flora and (2) the relative importance of modern and LGM climate as controls of tree species richness in Europe. Location  The parts of Europe that were unglaciated during the LGM. Methods  Atlas data on the distributions of 55 tree species were linked with data on modern and LGM climate and ...

 

Canopy recovery after drought dieback in holm-oak Mediterranean forests of Catalonia (NE Spain)

  
Global Change Biology, Vol. 10, No. 12. (December 2004), pp. 2092-2099, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2004.00870.x

Abstract

Climate change is likely to produce more frequent and longer droughts in the Mediterranean region, like that of 1994, which produced important changes in the Quercus ilex forests, with up to 76% of the trees showing complete canopy dieback. At the landscape level, a mosaic of responses to the drought was observed, linked to the distribution of lithological substrates. Damage to the dominant tree species (Q. ilex) and the most common understorey shrub (Erica arborea) was more noticeable on the compact ...

 

Limited filling of the potential range in European tree species

  
Ecology Letters, Vol. 7, No. 7. (01 June 2004), pp. 565-573, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00614.x

Abstract

The relative roles of environment and history in controlling large-scale species distributions are important not only theoretically, but also for forecasting range responses to climatic change. Here, we use atlas data to examine the extent to which 55 tree species fill their climatically determined potential ranges in Europe. Quantifying range filling (R/P) as realized/potential range size ratios using bioclimatic envelope modelling we find mean R/P = 38.3% (±30.3% SD). Many European tree species naturalize extensively outside their native ranges, providing support for interpreting ...

 

Quantifying components of risk for European woody species under climate change

  
Global Change Biology, Vol. 12, No. 9. (September 2006), pp. 1788-1799, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006.01231.x

Abstract

Estimates of species extinction risk under climate change are generally based on differences in present and future climatically suitable areas. However, the locations of potentially suitable future environments (affecting establishment success), and the degree of climatic suitability in already occupied and new locations (affecting population viability) may be equally important determinants of risk. A species considered to be at low risk because its future distribution is predicted to be large, may actually be at high risk if these areas are out ...

 

Inferring shifts in tree species distribution using asymmetric distribution curves: a case study in the Iberian mountains

  
Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 25, No. 1. (January 2014), pp. 147-159, https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12079

Abstract

Questions The objectives of this study were to examine altitudinal shifts in tree species distributions over one decade to quantify the potential for tree migration. Location Spain. Methods We analysed presence–absence data using two successive surveys of the Spanish Forest Inventory in five Fagaceae tree species (two temperate: Fagus sylvatica and Quercus petraea, one sub-Mediterranean: Q. faginea and two Mediterranean: Q. suber and Q. ilex) in two mountain ranges (the Pyrenees and the Iberian system). Half of the fitted altitudinal distributions were skewed and required use ...

 

European oak declines and global warming: a theoretical assessment with special reference to the activity of Phytophthora cinnamomi

  
EPPO Bulletin, Vol. 24, No. 1. (1 March 1994), pp. 221-232, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2338.1994.tb01063.x

Abstract

Causes of current severe declines of the deciduous oaks Quercus robur and Q. petraea in northern and central Europe and of the evergreen Q. ilex, Q. suber and other Quercus spp. in the Mediterranean area are reviewed. Factors implicated include drought, pollution, winter cold, flooding, and stress-related attacks by insects and fungi. Additional factors in Mediterranean oak declines include changing land-use patterns and root disease caused by the aggressive, exotic oomycete root pathogen Phytophthora cinnamomi. Under conditions of global warming the ...

 

Large-scale recruitment limitation in Mediterranean pines: the role of Quercus ilex and forest successional advance as key regional drivers

  
Global Ecology and Biogeography (1 October 2013), pp. n/a-n/a, https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12111

Abstract

Aim Large-scale patterns of limitations in tree recruitment remain poorly described in the Mediterranean Basin, and this information is required to assess the impacts of global warming on forests. Here, we unveil the existence of opposite trends of recruitment limitation between the dominant genera Quercus and Pinus on a large scale and identify the key ecological drivers of these diverging trends. Location Spain Methods We gathered data from the Spanish National Forest inventory to assess recruitment trends for the dominant species ...

 

Differential light responses of Mediterranean tree saplings: linking ecophysiology with regeneration niche in four co-occurring species

  
Tree Physiology, Vol. 26, No. 7. (01 July 2006), pp. 947-958, https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/26.7.947

Abstract

The ecophysiological mechanisms underlying plant–plant interactions and forest regeneration processes in Mediterranean ecosystems are poorly understood, and the experimental evidence for the role of light availability in these processes is particularly scant. We analyzed the effects of high and low irradiances on 31 ecological, morphological and physiological variables in saplings of four late-successional Mediterranean trees, two deciduous (Acer opalus subsp. granatense (Boiss.) Font Quer & Rothm. and Quercus pyrenaica Willd.) and two evergreen (Pinus nigra Arnold subsp. salzmannii (Dunal) Franco and ...

 

Biomass, nutrient content, litterfall and nutrient return to the soil in Mediterranean oak forests

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 119, No. 1-3. (June 1999), pp. 39-49, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(98)00508-8

Abstract

We estimated above-ground biomass, nutrient content, litterfall and nutrient return to the soil in deciduous and evergreen Quercus pyrenaica Will., Quercus lanuginosa Lamk and evergreen Quercus ilex L. oak forests, respectively, near Salamanca (Spain) and Montpellier (France). The calculated biomass ranged from 64 to 121 Mg ha−1. Perennial material (trunks and branches) represented 96–97% in the four Spanish Q. pyrenaica stands and 93% in the French Q. lanuginosa and Q. ilex stands. Q. pyrenaica had higher P, Mg, Fe and Mn contents than ...

 

Response of tree seedlings to the abiotic heterogeneity generated by nurse shrubs: an experimental approach at different scales

  
Ecography, Vol. 28, No. 6. (December 2005), pp. 757-768, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2005.0906-7590.04337.x

Abstract

Spatial heterogeneity of abiotic factors influences patterns of seedling establishment at different scales. In stress-prone ecosystems such as Mediterranean ones, heterogeneity generated by shrubs has been shown to facilitate the establishment of tree species. However, how this facilitation is affected by spatial scale remains poorly understood. We have experimentally analysed the consequences of the abiotic heterogeneity generated by pioneer shrubs on survival, growth and physiology of seedlings of three important tree species from Mediterranean mountains (Acer opalus ssp. granatense, Quercus pyrenaica ...

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