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Selection: with tag pseudotsuga-menziesii [36 articles] 

 

Effects of phosphite in Pinus radiata - Fusarium circinatum interaction

  
(2016)

Abstract

The pitch canker, caused by the fungus Fusarium circinatum, is a disease under quarantine measures affecting Pinus spp. and Pseudotsuga menziesii worldwide. Characterized by the formation of large resinous cankers that girdle shoots, branches, and trunks, leads to the death of the host. To date, there are no means for the control of the pitch canker and, with the growing need to reduce the use of fungicides, another approaches must be studied. A method for the control of phytopathogenic diseases is ...

References


  1. Aguín, O., Mansilla, J. P., Sainz, M. J., 2006. In vitro selection of an effective fungicide against Armillaria mellea and control of white root rot of grapevine in the field. Pest Management Science 62(3), 223-228. https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.1149 .
  2. Ahmad, P., John, R., Sarwat, M., Umar, S., 2008. Responses of proline, lipid peroxidation and antioxidative enzymes in two varieties of Pisum sativum L. under salt stress. International Journal of Plant Production 2(4), 353-366.
 

Assessing risk and adaptation options to fires and windstorms in European forestry

  
Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change In Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 15, No. 7. (10 July 2010), pp. 681-701, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11027-010-9243-0

Abstract

Risks can generally be described as the combination of hazard, exposure and vulnerability. Using this framework, we evaluated the historical and future development of risk of fire and wind damage in European forestry at the national level. Fire risk is expected to increase, mainly as a consequence of an increase in fire hazard, defined as the Fire Weather Index in summer. Exposure, defined as forest area, is expected to increase slightly as a consequence of active afforestation and abandonment of marginal ...

 

Pest categorisation of Ips typographus

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 15, No. 7. (July 2017), 4881, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4881

Abstract

The Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of the eight-toothed spruce bark beetle, Ips typographus L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae), for the EU. I. typographus is a well-defined and distinguishable species, recognised mainly as a pest of spruce (Picea spp.) in Eurasia. It also attacks other conifers such as Abies spp., Larix spp., Pinus spp. and Pseudotsuga menziesii. Native to Eurasia, I. typographus has spread from the native range of spruce to new areas in Eurasia where spruce has been ...

References

  1. Anderbrant, O., 1990. Gallery construction and oviposition of the bark beetle Ips typographus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) at different breeding densities. Ecological Entomology 15, 1–8.
  2. Bakke, A., 1970. Evidence of a population aggregating pheromone in Ips typographus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Contributions from Boyce Thompson Institute 24, 309–310.
  3. Bakke, A., 1976. Spruce bark beetle, Ips typographus: pheromone production and field response to synthetic pheromones. Naturwissenschaften 63, 92–92.
  4. Bakke, A., 1989. The recent
 

Pest categorisation of Dendroctonus micans

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 15, No. 7. (July 2017), 4880, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4880

Abstract

The Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of the great spruce bark beetle, Dendroctonus micans (Kugelann), (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae), for the EU. D. micans is a well-defined and distinguishable species, recognised mainly as a pest of spruce (Picea spp.) and pine (Pinus spp.) in Eurasia. Attacks on other conifers (Abies spp., Larix decidua, Pseudotsuga menziesii) are also reported. Supposedly originating from north-eastern Eurasia, D. micans has spread westward and is now distributed throughout the EU (22 Member States). It ...

References

  1. Akinci, H.A., Ozcan, G.E., Eroglu, M., 2009. Impacts of site effects on losses of oriental spruce during Dendroctonus micans (Kug.) outbreaks in Turkey. African Journal of Biotechnology 8, 3934–3939. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/62085 .
  2. Balachowsky, A., 1949. Faune de France. 50. Coleoptères Scolytides. Lechevalier, Paris, 320 pp.
  3. Bergmiller, F., 1903. Dendroctonus micans und Rhizophagus grandis. Zentralblatt für das gesamte Forstwesen, 29, 252–256.
  4. Bevan, D., King, C.J., 1983. Dendroctonus micans
 

Temperate and boreal rainforest relicts of Europe

  
In Temperate and Boreal Rainforests of the World: Ecology and Conservation (2011), pp. 154-180, https://doi.org/10.5822/978-1-61091-008-8_6
Keywords: abies-alba   acer-pseudoplatanus   aconitum-spp   alces-alces   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-incana   anemone-trifolia   aquila-chrysaetos   arthonia-leucopellaea   asplenium-scolopendrium   athyrium-filix-femina   balkan-peninsula   betula-pendula   betula-pubescens   biodiversity   bison-bonasus   boreal-forests   buteo-buteo   calluna-vulgaris   canis-lupus   capreolus-capreolus   carduus-personata   central-europe   cervus-elaphus   cervus-nippon   cicerbita-alpine   conservation   cortusa-matthioli   corylus-avellana   dryocopus-martius   dryopteris-carthusiana   dryopteris-dilatata   dryopteris-spp   endangered-species   epimedium-alpinum   euphorbia-austriaca   europe   fagus-sylvatica   felis-silvestris   forest-resources   fragmentation   fraxinus-excelsior   grazing   gymnocarpium-dryopteris   habitat-conservation   hacquetia-epipactis   hotspot   ilex-aquifolium   lagopus-muta   lamium-orvala   larix-eurolepis   lichens   lobaria-amplissima   lobaria-scrobiculata   lunaria-rediviva   lynx-lynx   lyrurus-tetrix   meles-meles   milvus-milvus   norway   omphalodes-verna   picea-abies   picea-sitchensis   pinus-contorta   pleurospermum-austriacum   populus-tremula   prunus-avium   pseudotsuga-menziesii   pyrenula-laevigata   quercus-petraea   quercus-robur   quercus-spp   rainforest   rhododendron-ponticum   rupicapra-rupicapra   salix-caprea   salix-spp   sanicula-europaea   saxifraga-rotundifolia   sorbus-aucuparia   strix-uralensis   sus-scrofa   taxus-baccata   temperate-forests   tetrao-urogallus   thalictrum-aquilegifolium   thelotrema-lepadinum   tilia-cordata   tilia-platyphyllos   ulmus-glabra   vaccinium-myrtillus  

Abstract

European temperate rainforests are disjunctly distributed from ~45° to 69°N latitude, where they are influenced by maritime climates (see figure 6-1). Storms originating in the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean (Balkans) provide for mild winters, cool summers, and adequate precipitation to sustain rainforests throughout the year. Due to extensive deforestation, however, today’s European rainforests are mere fragments of primeval rainforests. A reminder of a bygone era when rainforests flourished, they are barely hanging on as contemporary rainforest relicts (see box 6-1). ...

 

Plant-pest interactions in time and space: a Douglas-fir bark beetle outbreak as a case study

  
Landscape Ecology, Vol. 14, No. 2. (1999), pp. 105-120, https://doi.org/10.1023/a%3a1008017711917

Abstract

A conceptual model of Douglas-fir bark beetle (Dendroctonus pseudotsugae) dynamics and associated host tree mortality across multiple spatial and temporal scales was developed, then used to guide a study of the association between the occurrence of beetle- killed trees and factors that might render trees more susceptible to attack. Long-term records of beetle kill showed that beetle epidemics were associated with windstorms and drought at statewide and local spatial scales. At the landscape scale, beetle kill was associated with (i) portions ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 28

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   power-law   ppm   practice   pre-alpine   pre-print   precaution   precaution-principle   precipitation   precisely-wrong   precursor-research   predation   predator-satiation   predatory-publishers   prediction   prediction-bias   predictive-modelling   predictors   predisposition   premature-optimization   preparedness   preprints   prescribed-burn   presence-absence   presence-only   pressure-volume-curves   pressures   prestoea-montana   pretreatment   prey-predator   pricing   primary-productivity   principal-components-regression   prisoners-dilemma   pristiphora-abietina   probability-vs-possibility   problem-driven   processes   processing   production-rules   productivity   programming   progressive-learning   prolog   proportion   prosopis-alba   prosopis-glandulosa   prosopis-pallida   protected-areas   protected-species   protection   protective-forest   protocol-uncertainty   provenance   provisioning-services   pruning   prunus-avium   prunus-cerasifera   prunus-domestica   prunus-dulcis   prunus-fruticosa   prunus-ilicifolia   prunus-laurocerasus   prunus-mahaleb   prunus-malaheb   prunus-padus   prunus-salicina   prunus-serotina   prunus-spinosa   prunus-spp   prunus-tenella   pseudo-absences   pseudo-random   pseudoaraucaria-spp   pseudolarix-spp   pseudomonas-avellanae   pseudomonas-spp   pseudomonas-syringae   pseudotsuga   pseudotsuga-macrocarpa   pseudotsuga-menziesii   pseudotsuga-spp   psychology   pterocarpus-indicus   pterocarpus-officinalis   pterocarya-pterocarpa   public-domain   publication-bias   publication-delay   publication-errors   publish-or-perish   puccinia-coronata   pull-push-pest-control   pulp   punica-granatum   purdiaea-nutans   pyrenees-region   pyrolysis   pyrus-amygdaliformis   pyrus-browiczii  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

The wind stability of different silvicultural systems for Douglas-fir in the Netherlands: a model-based approach

  
Forestry, Vol. 81, No. 3. (2008), pp. 399-414, https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpn028

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate different silvicultural systems for Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) in the Netherlands in terms of timber production and wind stability over a full rotation. This was done using the forest genetics, ecology, management and wind model (ForGEM-W), which combines a distant dependent tree growth simulator with a mechanical–empirical wind damage module. Six different silvicultural systems were evaluated: normal yield table management, free thinning from above in a monospecies and a mixed stand (50 ...

 

Climate change increases the drought risk in Central European forests: what are the options for adaptation?

  
Forestry Journal, Vol. 60, No. 1. (1 January 2014), https://doi.org/10.2478/forj-2014-0001

Abstract

The paper presents information on the projected drought exposure of Central Europe, describes the anticipated dynamics of the regional forests, and identifies measures facilitating the adaptation of forests to climate change-induced drought risk. On the basis of an ensemble of climate change scenarios we expect substantial drying in southern Slovakia and Hungary, while such trends were found to be less pronounced for the Czech Republic and Austria. In response to these climate trajectories, a change in species composition towards a higher ...

 

Effect of tree species mixing on the size structure, density, and yield of forest stands

  
European Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 135, No. 1. (2016), pp. 1-22, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-015-0913-z

Abstract

An increasing number of studies provide evidence that mixed-species stands can overyield monocultures. But it is still hardly understood, how the overyielding at the stand level emerges from the tree, canopy, and size structure. Analyses of 42 triplets with 126 mixed and mono-specific plots in middle-aged, two-species stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco), and European beech (Fagus sylvativa L.) in Central Europe revealed that mixed-species compared with mono-specific stands ...

 

Dothistroma and Lecanosticta needle blight in the CR

  
SDU Faculty of Forestry Journal (2009), pp. 7-14

Abstract

Dothistroma needle blight is widespread in the Czech Republic now, although the first finding was noted in 2000. To date, it has been identified on 21 species of Pines, 4 species of Spruces and also on Douglas fir in the CR. Records on Scots pine were exceptionally rare in the CR and also in Europe up to spring 2008. Brown spot needle blight caused by Lecanosticta acicola was for the first time reported in the Czech Republic on June 2007, actually is known from ...

 

A genetically homogenous population of Fusarium circinatum causes pitch canker of Pinus radiata in the Basque Country, Spain

  
Fungal Biology, Vol. 115, No. 3. (March 2011), pp. 288-295, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funbio.2010.12.014

Abstract

Pitch canker, caused by Fusarium circinatum, is a destructive disease of Pinus species and has recently been shown to represent a substantial threat to natural and commercial forests in northern Spain. The genetic diversity of F. circinatum in the Basque Country of Spain was assessed by characterising 96 isolates based on vegetative compatibility groups (VCGs), mating type assays, polymorphic DNA-markers and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analyses. For this purpose, F. circinatum isolates were collected from diseased Pinus radiata as well ...

 

Genetic diversity of Dothistroma septosporum in Estonia, Finland and Czech Republic

  
European Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 136, No. 1. (2013), pp. 71-85, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-012-0139-6

Abstract

Dothistroma needle blight is one of the most damaging foliage diseases in pine plantations worldwide. Recently it has become more aggressive in native pine stands in northern America and has been found frequently on Scots pine stands in northern Europe. In Estonia and Finland it was noticed for the first time in 2006 and 2008, respectively and in Central Europe in the late 1990s. We show considerable diversity in allele patterns of several microsatellite loci in populations of these countries which ...

 

Pseudotsuga menziesii

  
In Enzyklopädie der Holzgewächse: Handbuch und Atlas der Dendrologie (1999)

Abstract

Die Gattung Pseudotsuga umfaßt zwei Arten im westlichen Nordamerika und sechs in Ostasien. Aber nur eine Art, P. menziesii, ist von forstwirtschaftlicher Bedeutung. Douglasien gehören zu den höchsten Bäumen der Nordhemisphäre. Exemplare von 100 m Höhe und einem Stammdurchmesser (BHD) von 3,5 m sind verbürgt, aber selten. Das rasche Wachstum und die hohe Massenleistung der Küstenform haben zu ausgedehnten Anbauten in den gemäßigten Zonen beider Hemisphären geführt. Im Gegensatz dazu hat sich die Inlanddouglasie außerhalb ihres natürlichen Areals wegen hoher Anfälligkeit ...

 

Tree diversity reduces herbivory by forest insects

  
Ecology Letters, Vol. 10, No. 9. (1 September 2007), pp. 835-848, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01073.x
Keywords: abies-balsamea   acalitus-rudis   albizia-guachapele   alsophila-pometaria   amblypelta-cocophaga   atta-cephalotes   betula-pendula   biodiversity   callophylum-brasiliense   cardiaspina-fiscella   cecidomyiidae   choristoneura-fumiferana   choristoneura-spp   chrysoptharta-bimaculata   corylus-avellana   curculio-elephas   dendroctonus-frontalis   dipteryx-panamensis   diversity   euclystis-spp   forest-pests   forest-resources   genipa-americana   hylobius-abietis   hypsipyla-robusta   lepidoptera   lymantria-dispar   matsucoccus-feytaudi   milicia-excelsa   myzocallis-coryli   neuroterus-spp   phyllobius-argentatus   phyllonorycter-spp   phytolyma-lata   picea-abies   picea-glauca   picea-sitchensis   pinus-densiflora   pinus-nigra-laricio   pinus-pinaster   pinus-strobus   pinus-sylvestris   pinus-taeda   pissodes-strobi   plant-pests   populus-angustifolia   pseudotsuga-menziesii   quercus-petraea   quercus-rotundifolia   quercus-suber   rhyacionia-frustrana   sonneratia-apetala   stigmella-spp   stryphnodendron-microstachyum   thaumetopoea-pytiocampa   thecodiplosis-japonensis   toona-ciliata   virola-koschnyi   vochysia-ferruginea   vochysia-guatemalensis   zeuzera-conferta  

Abstract

Biodiversity loss from plant communities is often acknowledged to affect primary production but little is known about effects on herbivores. We conducted a meta-analysis of a worldwide data set of 119 studies to compare herbivory in single-species and mixed forests. This showed a significant reduction of herbivory in more diverse forests but this varied with the host specificity of insects. In diverse forests, herbivory by oligophagous species was virtually always reduced, whereas the response of polyphagous species was variable. Further analyses ...

 

Damage by the pine weevil Hylobius abietis to seedlings of two native and five introduced tree species in Sweden

  
Silva Fennica, Vol. 48, No. 4. (2014), 1188, https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.1188

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Both native and introduced confer species in Sweden can be highly susceptible to damage by the pine weevil [::] Douglas fir and Sitka spruce were generally the most damaged among six studied conifer species [::] The results highlight some of the risks in establishing exotic tree species for forest production. [Abstract] There is increasing interest in using introduced species in Swedish forestry in response to climate change, but it is important to assess their resistance to native pests. Thus, we compared the extent of ...

Visual summary

 

Vegetative reproduction of trees in some European natural forests

  
Vegetatio, Vol. 72, No. 2. (1987), pp. 103-110

Abstract

Various means of vegetative reproduction in unexploited forests in western Europe are illustrated with examples. Root suckers are sometimes almost the only method of forest regeneration near the limits of tree growth on the Wadden islands and they can play an important role in forest gaps and riverine forests. Trunk suckers finally replacing their parent trees occur in Alnus, Tilia and Ulmus. Partial uprooting of trees, favoured by special soil conditions, was shown to be an important condition for vegetative reproduction. ...

 

Pseudotsuga menziesii - Version 2014.3

  
In The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (2013), 42429/0

Abstract

[Excerpt] This species is a major component of the extensive coniferous forests of the Pacific Northwest of the USA and Canada. Logging has removed many large individuals but has not significantly reduced the population of mature trees. In the Rocky Mountains logging is significant in Canada, but less so farther south as the species becomes naturally more scattered. In Mexico, various subpopulations are included on their national Red List under the names Pseudotsuga flauhaulti, P. macrolepis and P. rehderi. These taxa ...

 

Impact of several common tree species of European temperate forests on soil fertility

  
Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 59, No. 3. (April 2002), pp. 233-253, https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:2002020

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to provide a synopsis of the scientific literature concerning the effects of different tree species on soil and to quantify the effect of common European temperate forest species on soil fertility. The scientific literature dealing with the tree species effect on soil has been reviewed. The composition of forest overstory has an impact on the chemical, physical and biological characteristics of soil. This impact was highest in the topsoil. Different tree species had significantly ...

 

Ecological effects of introduced tree species in Britain

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 141, No. 1-2. (2001), pp. 31-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00487-4

Abstract

Non-native trees have been introduced to Britain and native trees have been redistributed for over 2000 years, but most species were introduced in the last 400 years, and the ecological consequences have not yet been fully manifested. Introduction has been followed by various forms of adaptation to British conditions: (i) genetic changes in the trees themselves, (ii) assimilation into forest communities, (iii) colonisation by native plants, animals and fungi and (iv) gradual cultural acceptance. Nevertheless, some naturalised shrubs are widely regarded ...

 

Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii

  
In Fire Effects Information System [online] (1991)

Abstract

The Fire Effects Information System is an online collection of reviews of the scientific literature about fire effects on plants and animals and about fire regimes of plant communities in the United States. FEIS reviews are based on thorough literature searches, often supplemented with insights from field scientists and managers. FEIS provides reviews that are efficient to use, thoroughly documented, and defensible. Approximately 15 to 30 new or revised reviews are published in FEIS each year. There are 3 types of ...

 

Comparative study of long-term water uptake of Norway spruce and Douglas-fir in Moravian upland

  
Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, Vol. 62, No. 1. (February 2014), pp. 1-6

Abstract

Long-term water uptake of Douglas-fir and Norway spruce trees, growing in condition of Moravian upland, was studied with aim of comparing sap flow in small roots with flow in stems. Sap flow was measured by the heat field deformation method using multi-point sensors for stems and single-point sensors for roots. Differences between species were found in relationships between sap flow in tree stems and water uptake by roots, suggesting that Douglas-fir is able to take water from deeper soil more efficiently ...

 

Effect of wide spacing on tree growth, branch and sapwood properties of young Douglas-fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco] in south-western Germany

  
European Journal of Forest Research In European Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 127, No. 6. (1 October 2008), pp. 481-493, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-008-0231-9

Abstract

The influence of stand density on Douglas-fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco] is conceptually understood, but for wide spacings not well quantified, particularly in Europe. This study used 41 trees from 7 different locations in south-western Germany to compare important tree- and branch-level attributes across three different densities, namely 100, 200, and 1,200 stems ha−1. In general, there were only a few tree and branch attributes that were significantly different between the 100 and 200 ha−1 densities. Crown projection area and diameter of the ...

 

Establishment constraints of an alien and a native conifer in different habitats

  
Biological Invasions In Biological Invasions, Vol. 14, No. 6. (11 December 2012), pp. 1279-1289, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-011-0155-z

Abstract

Alien plants are subjected to different biotic and environmental barriers that limit their establishment success in the introduced range. Pseudotsuga menziesii (Douglas fir), a native conifer from Northwest America, is considered one of the most invasive forestry conifers in Europe. However, little is known about the ecological filters that constrain plant establishment at early life-cycle stages and differences in habitat invasibility to this species. We conducted field experiments to compare the establishment potential (i.e. post-dispersal seed removal, seed germination, seedling survival ...

 

Ecological consequences of Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) cultivation in Europe

  
European Journal of Forest Research In European Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 133, No. 1. (2014), pp. 13-29, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-013-0745-7

Abstract

Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) was first introduced to Europe from North America more than 150 years ago, was then planted on a large scale and is now the economically most important exotic tree species in European forests. This literature review summarizes the current knowledge on the effects of Douglas fir on soil chemistry, plants, arthropods and fungi. Douglas fir shapes its abiotic environment similarly to native tree species such as Norway spruce, silver fir or European beech. In general, many ...

 

Verbreitung, Status und Habitatbindung der subspontanen Bestände der Douglasie (Pseudotsuga menziesii) in Österreich

  
Phyton - Annales Rei Botanicae, Vol. 45, No. 1. (2005), pp. 117-144

Abstract

Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii, Pinaceae) is the commercially most important non-indigenous tree species in Central Europe. So far,an analysis of the invasion process in Austria and its effects has not been made. In this paper, subspontaneous spread, distribution, floristic status and habitat preference of Douglas fir in Austria are studied. At present, Douglas fir is confined to several localities in lowland regions in Austria. Growing sites are known from three federal provinces (Burgenland, Lower Austria, Upper Austria) in 19 mapping units ...

 

Douglas-Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco)

  
In Forest Tree Breeding in Europe, Vol. 25 (2013), pp. 325-369, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6146-9_7
edited by Luc E. Pâques

Abstract

Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) is native to the Pacific coast range and along the Rocky Mountains through Canada and USA. In the early 19th nineteenth century, it was introduced to Western Europe, where nowadays it covers almost 800,000 ha. Despite this considerable extent, the relatively recent introduction to Europe means this exotic species is still a minor forest species for several European countries. This status may be revised notably in the context of climate change, considering the high adaptability ...

 

Douglas-Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco)

  
In Silvics of North America. Vol 1: Conifers (1990), pp. 527-540

Abstract

Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), also called red-fir, Oregon- pine, Douglas-spruce, and piño Oregon (Spanish), is one of the world's most important and valuable timber trees. It has been a major component of the forests of western North America since the mid-Pleistocene (30). Although the fossil record indicates that the native range of Douglas-fir has never extended beyond western North America, the species has been successfully introduced in the last 100 years into many regions of the temperate forest zone (31). Two varieties ...

 

Climate change and forest diseases

  
Plant Pathology, Vol. 60, No. 1. (1 February 2011), pp. 133-149, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2010.02406.x
Keywords: abies-nephrolepis   adaptation   alnus-incana   armillaria-spp   betula-spp   biscogniauxia-atropunctata   biscogniauxia-mediterranea   botryosphaeria-spp   bursaphelenchus-xylophilus   chamaecyparis-nootkatensis   climate-change   cronartium-ribicola   cylindrocladium-quinqueseptatum   dendroctonus-ponderosae   dothistroma-pini   dothistroma-septosporum   forest-management   forest-pests   forest-resources   fusarium-circinatum   ips-confusus   larix-gmelinii   larix-kaempferi   larix-spp   notholithocarpus-densiflorus   phaeocryptopus-gaeumannii   phytophthora-cinnamomi   phytophthora-ramorum   picea-jazoensis   picea-spp   pinus-albicaulis   pinus-contorta   pinus-edulis   pinus-monticola   pinus-nigra   pinus-radiata   pinus-spp   pinus-strobus   plant-diseases   populus-tremuloides   pseudotsuga-menziesii   quercus-agrifolia   quercus-cerris   quercus-falcata   quercus-rubra   quercus-suber   resilience   septoria-musiva   sphaeropsis-sapinea   tree-diseases   tsuga-heterophylla   tsuga-spp   valsa-melanodiscus  

Abstract

As climate changes, the effects of forest diseases on forest ecosystems will change. We review knowledge of relationships between climate variables and several forest diseases, as well as current evidence of how climate, host and pathogen interactions are responding or might respond to climate change. Many forests can be managed to both adapt to climate change and minimize the undesirable effects of expected increases in tree mortality. We discuss four types of forest and disease management tactics – monitoring, forecasting, planning ...

 

Douglas-fir plantations in Europe: a retrospective test of assisted migration to address climate change

  
Global Change Biology, Vol. 20, No. 8. (August 2014), pp. 2607-2617, https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12604

Abstract

We evaluate genetic test plantations of North American Douglas-fir provenances in Europe to quantify how tree populations respond when subjected to climate regime shifts, and we examined whether bioclimate envelope models developed for North America to guide assisted migration under climate change can retrospectively predict the success of these provenance transfers to Europe. The meta-analysis is based on long-term growth data of 2800 provenances transferred to 120 European test sites. The model was generally well suited to predict the best performing ...

 

Section 4 - Douglas-Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)

  
In Safety Assessment of Transgenic Organisms, Vol. 3 (2010)
by OECD

Abstract

Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirbel) Franco is generally called Douglas-fir (so spelled to maintain its distinction from true firs, the genus Abies). Pseudotsuga Carrière is in the kingdom Plantae, division Pinophyta (traditionally Coniferophyta), class Pinopsida, order Pinales (conifers), and family Pinaceae. The genus Pseudotsuga is most closely related to Larix (larches), as indicated in particular by cone morphology and nuclear, mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA phylogenies (Silen 1978; Wang et al. 2000); both genera also have non-saccate pollen (Owens et al. 1981, 1994). Based ...

 

Scientific Opinion of the PLH Panel: Evaluation of Pest Risk Analysis on Phytophthora ramorum

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 9, No. 6. (2011), 2186, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2011.2186

Abstract

The Panel on Plant Health was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the Pest Risk Analysis on Phytophthora ramorum prepared by the FP6 project RAPRA, taking into account comments by Member States and additional information since RAPRA. P. ramorum is the oomycete causing sudden oak death in the USA and leaf and twig blight/dieback on a range of ornamental species in North America and Europe. Currently P. ramorum is not listed as a harmful organism in Council Directive 2000/29/EC, but ...

 

Managing forests and fire in changing climates

  
Science, Vol. 342, No. 6154. (04 October 2013), pp. 41-42, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1240294

Abstract

With projected climate change, we expect to face much more forest fire in the coming decades. Policy-makers are challenged not to categorize all fires as destructive to ecosystems simply because they have long flame lengths and kill most of the trees within the fire boundary. Ecological context matters: In some ecosystems, high-severity regimes are appropriate, but climate change may modify these fire regimes and ecosystems as well. Some undesirable impacts may be avoided or reduced through global strategies, as well as ...

 

Conifers as invasive aliens: a global survey and predictive framework

  
Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 10, No. 5-6. (06 September 2004), pp. 321-331, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1366-9516.2004.00096.x

Abstract

We summarize information on naturalized and invasive conifers (class Pinopsida) worldwide (data from 40 countries, some with remote states/territories), and contrast these findings with patterns for other gymnosperms (classes Cycadopsida, Gnetopsida and Ginkgoopsida) and for woody angiosperms. Eighty conifer taxa (79 species and one hybrid; 13% of species) are known to be naturalized, and 36 species (6%) are 'invasive'. This categorization is based on objective and conservative criteria relating to consistency of reproduction, distance of spread from founders, and degree of ...

 

Effects of tree species on understory vegetation and environmental conditions in temperate forests

  
Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 60, No. 8. (December 2003), pp. 823-831, https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:2003077

Abstract

The objective of this study was to compare the impact of six tree species on vegetation and soil. Eighty stands growing side by side, and of different dominant species, were selected in 26 locations. Within each location the stands had the same soil condition, landscape position and previous land-use history. Ground vegetation and soil were sampled in each stand. The tree species were: Norway spruce (Picea abies Karsten.), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco), silver fir (Abies ...

 

The Use of Push-Pull Strategies in Integrated Pest Management

  
Annual Review of Entomology, Vol. 52, No. 1. (2007), pp. 375-400, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.52.110405.091407

Abstract

Push-pull strategies involve the behavioral manipulation of insect pests and their natural enemies via the integration of stimuli that act to make the protected resource unattractive or unsuitable to the pests (push) while luring them toward an attractive source (pull) from where the pests are subsequently removed. The push and pull components are generally nontoxic. Therefore, the strategies are usually integrated with methods for population reduction, preferably biological control. Push-pull strategies maximize efficacy of behavior-manipulating stimuli through the additive and synergistic ...

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