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Selection: with tag portugal [41 articles] 


Avaliação dos incêndios ocorridos entre 14 e 16 de outubro de 2017 em Portugal Continental - Relatório Final



[Excerpt] Os incêndios rurais que afetaram o território continental, nos dias 14, 15 e 16 de outubro de 2017, geraram um novo ambiente caracterizado simultaneamente de consternação, de impotência e de explicitação da fragilidade da nossa organização social. O ano de 2017 foi aliás pleno de episódios consumidores e destrutivos de áreas florestais, desde os incêndios de Pedrógão Grande até aos fogos que atingiram grandes áreas territoriais, afetando não só espaços florestais privados, como também áreas agrícolas, matas nacionais, infraestruturas empresariais, equipamentos municipais, instalações de turismo rural e ...


Land cover mapping from remotely sensed and auxiliary data for harmonized official statistics

ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, Vol. 7, No. 4. (21 April 2018), 157,


This paper describes a general framework alternative to the traditional surveys that are commonly performed to estimate, for statistical purposes, the areal extent of predefined land cover classes across Europe. The framework has been funded by Eurostat and relies on annual land cover mapping and updating from remotely sensed and national GIS-based data followed by area estimation. Map production follows a series of steps, namely data collection, change detection, supervised image classification, rule-based image classification, and map updating/generalization. Land cover area ...


Portugal wildfire management in a new era assessing fire risks, resources and reforms

(February 2018)


[Executive summary] Portugal has one of the highest forest fire risk rankings in Europe. Fire researchers all point to the same combination of contributing factors: shifting demographics with population moving from rural to urban areas, changes in land use with more agricultural and forested areas left unattended and not being maintained, and fragmentation of land ownership patterns that discourage investment in forest management and fire planning. The trend of annual burned area for the last four decades confirms a new level in fire activity in Portugal, despite ...


  1. Almeida, J., Relvas, P., Silva, L., Catry, F., Rego, F., Santos, T. 2007. Portuguese lookout towers network optimization using automatic positioning algorithms. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Wildland Fire Conference, 13-17 May, Seville, Spain. .
  2. Beighley, M., Hyde, A. C., 2009. Systemic risk and Portugal's forest fire defense strategy - An assessment of wildfire management and response capability.
  3. Beighley, M., Quesinberry, M., 2004. USA-Portugal wildland fire technical

Assessment and validation of wildfire susceptibility and hazard in Portugal

Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, Vol. 10, No. 3. (16 March 2010), pp. 485-497,


A comprehensive methodology to assess forest fire susceptibility, that uses variables of strong spatial correlation, is presented and applied for the Portuguese mainland. Our study is based on a thirty-year chronological series of burnt areas. The first twenty years (1975–1994) are used for statistical modelling, and the last ten (1995–2004) are used for the independent validation of results. The wildfire affected areas are crossed with a set of independent layers that are assumed to be relevant wildfire conditioning factors: elevation, slope, ...


Spreading like wildfire

Nature Climate Change, Vol. 7, No. 11. (November 2017), pp. 755-755,


The 2017 wildfire season has seen unusually high fire levels in many parts of the world, with extensive and severe fires occurring in Chile, the Mediterranean, Russia, the US, Canada and even Greenland. Is this a sign of things to come? [Excerpt] During January and February, Chile experienced what their president Michelle Bachelet called “The greatest forest disaster in our history”. The nation was not adequately equipped to tackle these fires, leading the government to enact a state of emergency and accept ...


Spatial distribution of citizen science casuistic observations for different taxonomic groups

Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, No. 1. (16 October 2017),


Opportunistic citizen science databases are becoming an important way of gathering information on species distributions. These data are temporally and spatially dispersed and could have limitations regarding biases in the distribution of the observations in space and/or time. In this work, we test the influence of landscape variables in the distribution of citizen science observations for eight taxonomic groups. We use data collected through a Portuguese citizen science database ( We use a zero-inflated negative binomial regression to model the distribution ...


Sun in parts of UK and France blocked out the smoke from wildfires in Spain and Portugal

Severe Weather Europe, Vol. 2017 (2017), 111799


[Excerpt] [...] Parts of Spain and Portugal are experiencing extreme fires, caused by a combination of a dry spring and summer and likely arson. The thick smoke was advected by southerly winds into the Bay of Biscay, northwestern France (Brittany) and across the United Kingdom. Residents of this area awoke to a dark orange and brown sky, with the Sun either completely blocked or strongly subdued. While smoke from fires being blown large distances is not rare, it is rare for ...


Exploring spatial patterns and drivers of forest fires in Portugal (1980–2014)

Science of The Total Environment, Vol. 573 (December 2016), pp. 1190-1202,


[Highlights] [::] Wildfires are irregularly distributed in Portugal, both in ignitions and burnt area. [::] In 80% of the municipality's ignition density reveal a positive trend since the 80s. [::] Geographically Weighted Regression was used to identify relevant municipal drivers of fires. [::] Topography and population density were significant factors in municipal ignitions. [::] Topography and uncultivated land were significant factors in municipal burnt area. [Abstract] Information on the spatial incidence of fire ignition density and burnt area, trends and drivers of wildfires is vitally important in providing ...


On the key role of droughts in the dynamics of summer fires in Mediterranean Europe

Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, No. 1. (6 March 2017), 81,


Summer fires frequently rage across Mediterranean Europe, often intensified by high temperatures and droughts. According to the state-of-the-art regional fire risk projections, in forthcoming decades climate effects are expected to become stronger and possibly overcome fire prevention efforts. However, significant uncertainties exist and the direct effect of climate change in regulating fuel moisture (e.g. warmer conditions increasing fuel dryness) could be counterbalanced by the indirect effects on fuel structure (e.g. warmer conditions limiting fuel amount), affecting the transition between climate-driven and ...


Forest fires in a changing climate and their impacts on air quality

Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 45, No. 31. (October 2011), pp. 5545-5553,


[Abstract] In a future climate scenario forest fire activity over Portugal will substantially increase and consequently area burned and forest fire emissions to the atmosphere are also expected to increase. This study investigated the impact of future forest fire emissions on air quality over Portugal under the IPCC SRES A2 scenario. Reference and future climate change scenarios were simulated using the MM5/CHIMERE air quality modelling system, which was applied over Europe and over Portugal, using nesting capabilities. The initial and boundary ...


Characteristics and controls of extremely large wildfires in the western Mediterranean Basin

Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 121, No. 8. (August 2016), pp. 2141-2157,


Large fires account for a disproportionally high percentage of area burned with potentially severe environmental and socioeconomic impacts. This study characterizes extremely large fires (ELFs; 2500–24,843 ha) in Portugal (1998–2013) and the concomitant fuel and weather conditions, analyzing the response of ELF size to their variation. ELF burned less shrubland-grassland (33% of the total ELF area) than forest (59% of total), the latter primarily composed by pine and pine-eucalypt. High fuel hazard was the norm, as indicated by median values of 0.98 ...


Atmospheric conditions associated with the exceptional fire season of 2003 in Portugal

International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 26, No. 13. (15 November 2006), pp. 1741-1757,


The summer of 2003 was characterised by exceptional warm weather in Europe, particularly during the first two weeks of August, when a devastating sequence of large fires was observed, reaching an amount of circa 450 000 ha, the largest figure ever recorded in Portugal in modern times. They were concentrated in two relatively confined regions of Portugal and a considerable proportion of burnt area was due to fires started on the 2nd and 3rd of August. [\n] It is shown that the ...


Estimating live fine fuels moisture content using meteorologically-based indices

International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 10, No. 2. (2001), pp. 223-240,


Field measurements of moisture content of several fine fuels (shrub vegetation and live foliage) were performed in Central Portugal and in Catalunya (NE Spain) for 1–10 years. Seasonal and interannual variation of live fine fuels of several species in two regions of the Iberian Peninsula are analysed. The species were grouped in three sets according to their relatively high, intermediate or low seasonal variability. Meteorological data from nearby stations were collected in each study area and used in the evaluation of ...


Decreasing fires in Mediterranean Europe

PLoS ONE, Vol. 11, No. 3. (16 March 2016), e0150663,


Forest fires are a serious environmental hazard in southern Europe. Quantitative assessment of recent trends in fire statistics is important for assessing the possible shifts induced by climate and other environmental/socioeconomic changes in this area. Here we analyse recent fire trends in Portugal, Spain, southern France, Italy and Greece, building on a homogenized fire database integrating official fire statistics provided by several national/EU agencies. During the period 1985-2011, the total annual burned area (BA) displayed a general decreasing trend, with the ...


Combining forest structure data and fuel modelling to classify fire hazard in Portugal

Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 66, No. 4. (2009), pp. 415-415,


Fire management activities can greatly benefit from the description of wildland fuel to assess fire hazard. [\n] A forest typology developed from the Portuguese National Forest Inventory that combines cover type (the dominant overstorey species) and forest structure defined as a combination of generic stand density (closed or open) and height (low or tall) is translated into fuel models. Fire behaviour simulations that accounted for the fire environment modification induced by stand structure resulted in an objective and quantitative assessment of fire ...


Fire activity in Portugal and its relationship to weather and the Canadian Fire Weather Index System

International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 17, No. 3. (2008), 328,


The relationships among the weather, the Canadian Fire Weather Index (FWI) System components, the monthly area burned, and the number of fire occurrences from 1980 to 2004 were investigated in 11 Portuguese districts that represent respectively 66% and 61% of the total area burned and number of fires in Portugal. A statistical approach was used to estimate the monthly area burned and the monthly number of fires per district, using meteorological variables and FWI System components as predictors. The approach succeeded ...


Modeling height-diameter relationship in pinus pinaster ait. in the forest intervention zone of Lomba, NE-Portugal

(July 2016)


In this work, the relationship between diameter at breast height (d) and total height (h) of individual-tree was modeled with the aim to establish provisory height-diameter (h-d) equations for maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) stands in the Lomba ZIF, Northeast Portugal. Using data collected locally, several local and generalized h-d equations from the literature were tested and adaptations were also considered. Model fitting was conducted by using usual nonlinear least squares (nls) methods. The best local and generalized models selected, were ...


  1. Abad Viñas, R., Caudullo, G., Oliveira, S., de Rigo, D., 2016. Pinus pinaster in Europe: distribution, habitat, usage and threats. In: San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., de Rigo, D., Caudullo, G., Houston Durrant, T., Mauri, A. (Eds.), European Atlas of Forest Tree Species. Publ. Off. EU, Luxembourg, pp. e012d59+ .
  2. Adame, P., I. Cañellas, I., del Río, M., 2005. Modelo de la relación altura-diámetro para rebolares en Castilla y León. IV Congreso Forestal Español, Sociedad Española de

Espécies arbóreas indígenas em Portugal continental - Guia de utilização

(March 2016)


[Excerpt: Introduction] A recuperação da vegetação natural portuguesa constitui um dos objetivos primordiais da política florestal desde os seus primórdios no séc. XIX, o que tem assegurado um papel dominante das espécies indígenas até aos dias de hoje. É assim que, segundo o 6.º Inventário Florestal Nacional, cerca de 70% da superfície arborizada é dominada por espécies indígenas (ou autóctones), que formam os tipos de povoamentos mais comuns no Continente. [\n] A diversificação da composição da floresta, quer ao nível regional, quer da ...


  1. Silva, J. S. (Ed.), 2007. Árvores e Florestas de Portugal. Lisboa: Público, Comunicação Social, SA, Fundação Luso-Americana para o Desenvolvimento e Liga para a Proteção da Natureza.
  2. Colaço, M. C. (Ed.), 2011. Floresta, Muito Mais que Árvores. Manual de Educação Ambiental para a Floresta. Lisboa: Autoridade Florestal Nacional. ISBN 978-972-8097-74-5 .
  3. Arthus-Bertrand, Y., 2011. Of Forests and Men. Paris: Éditions de La Martinière. ISBN 978-2-7324-4593-9 .
  4. Alves, A.

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 31

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   policy-strategies-for-scientific-uncertainty   pollen   pollen-analysis   pollen-dispersal   pollen-records   pollination   pollinology   pollution   polulation   polydrusus-impressifrons   polygala-myrtifolia   polygraphus-poligraphus   polymath   polymorphism   polypodium   population   population-adaptation   population-decline   population-density   population-dynamics   population-growth   population-structuring   population-viability-risk-management   populus-adenopoda   populus-alba   populus-angustifolia   populus-balsamifera   populus-cathayana   populus-deltoides   populus-euphratica   populus-fremontii   populus-grandidentata   populus-igra   populus-ilicifolia   populus-koreana   populus-lasiocarpa   populus-nigra   populus-simonii   populus-spp   populus-szechuanica   populus-tremula   populus-tremuloides   populus-trichocarpa   populus-wettsteinii   populus-x-canescens   populus-x-tomentosa   populus-yunnanensis   porosity   portability   porthetria-dispar   portugal   positional-analysis   post-fire-management   post-fire-regeneration   post-fire-vegetation-dynamics   post-glacial-dispersal   post-glacial-migration   post-normal-science   post-publication-peer-review   post-truth   postfire-impacts   postfire-recovery   postgis   postglacial-recolonization   postgresql   potassium   potential   potential-evapotranspiration   potential-habitat   potential-soil-erosion   potoxylon-melagangai   poverty   power-law   ppm   practice   pre-alpine   pre-print   precaution   precaution-principle   precipitation   precisely-wrong   precursor-research   predation   predator-satiation   predatory-publishers   prediction   prediction-bias   predictive-modelling   predictor-selection   predictors   predisposition   prehistoric-human-impacts   premature-optimization   preparedness   preprints   prescribed-burn   presence-absence   presence-background   presence-only  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


First report of Pitch Canker on Pines caused by Fusarium circinatum in Portugal

Plant Disease, Vol. 93, No. 10. (October 2009), pp. 1079-1079,


In November of 2007, dieback symptoms (basal needle dieback, wilting, and dieback of terminal shoot) were observed on plant groups of Pinus radiata and P. pinaster in a tree nursery located in Anadia in the central region of Portugal (40°26′N, 08°23′W). Two containers with a total of 112 plants per pine species (with and without symptoms) were collected. Small pieces (5 mm long; two from the roots, stem at the soil level, and the aerial part, totaling six pieces) of 20 ...


Checklist da Flora de Portugal (Continental, Açores e Madeira)

Keywords: flora   forest-resources   portugal  


Em Novembro de 2007 realizou-se uma reunião entre a Direcção da ALFA e Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e da Biodiversidade (ICNB). Ficou então decidido que a ALFA tomaria a seu cargo a elaboração da Checklist da Flora de Portugal (Continental, Açores e Madeira). Após quase 3 anos de trabalho, a ALFA apresentou publicamente a Checklist durante os VIII Encontros Internacionais de Fitossociologia – ALFA, que decorreram em Lisboa entre 13 e 16 de Setembro de 2010. A ALFA disponibiliza agora ...


Syntaxonomical checklist of vascular plant communities of Spain and Portugal to association level

Itinera Geobotanica, Vol. 14 (2001), pp. 5-341


This paper is a catalogue of all syntaxa from class to association ever described and recognized in Spain and Portugal (Iberian Peninsula, Balearic, Madeira, Azorean and Canary Islands), according with Braun-Blanquet approach (Braun-Blanquet 1964, Dierschke 1994) and the International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature (Weber, Moravec & Théurillat 2000). The literature contents near all the publications cited in this paper, particularly those of portuguese and spanish syntaxa authors. The "Syntaxonomical Checklist of Spain and Portugal", prepared during the last ten years as ...


Vascular plant communities of Spain and Portugal: addenda to the syntaxonomical checklis of 2001, Part 1

Itinera Geobotanica, Vol. 15, No. 1. (2002), pp. 5-435

O melhoramento do eucalipto em Portugal

In O Eucaliptal em Portugal, Impactes ambientais e investigação cientifica (2007), pp. 61-110

Post-fire survival and regeneration of Eucalyptus globulus in forest plantations in Portugal

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 310 (December 2013), pp. 194-203,


We modelled post-fire mortality and regeneration of E. globulus in forest plantations. Mortality was low but most trees were top-killed showing basal regeneration only. Mortality and top-kill were mainly affected by fire severity and tree diameter. Stand composition and vegetation cover also affected the probability of top-kill. Basal resprouting was affected by fire severity, tree diameter and topography. Eucalyptus globulus is one of the most important pulpwood plantation species in the world, and nowadays it is present in most continents. ...


Agentes bióticos do eucalitpo em Portugal

In O Eucaliptal em Portugal, Impactes ambientais e investigação cientifica (2007), pp. 255-282

20th Century Portuguese climate and climate change scenarios

In Climate change in Portugal: Scenarios, Impacts and Adaptation Measures (2002), pp. 23-83

Aboveground biomass production in an irrigation and fertilization field experiment with Eucalyptus globulus

Annales des Sciences Forestières, Vol. 46, No. Supplement. (1989), pp. 526s-528s,

Silvicultura: a Gestão dos Ecossistemas Florestais



m Portugal, as florestas cobrem actualmente cerca de 1/3 do território do continente e têm elevado valor económico e social. A escrita desta obra surgiu da necessidade de transmitir aos interessados na gestão das florestas as ideias essenciais sobre a maneira de conduzir os povoamentos florestais e deles tirar proveito, quer pela produção de bens comercializáveis, como a mdeira e a cortiça, quer pelo cumprimento de funções de protecção e de preservação da biodiversidade. Nas últimas duas décadas verificaram-se alterações substanciais nos conceitos, ...


Flora-On: Flora de Portugal Interactiva



O Flora-On é um portal onde se pretende sistematizar informação fotográfica, geográfica, morfológica e ecológica de todas as espécies de plantas vasculares autóctones ou naturalizadas1 listadas para a flora de Portugal (Continente, Açores e Madeira). O portal funciona de modo dinâmico e interactivo e pretende tornar intuitiva e simples a procura de informação e a identificação de espécies de plantas da flora portuguesa. O projecto foi lançado ao público no dia 25 de Fevereiro de 2012 e estará em permanente actualização, tanto no ...


Biologia e ecologia do pinheiro-bravo

In Pinhais e eucaliptais: a floresta cultivada, Vol. 4 (2007), pp. 17-34
edited by J. S. Silva

Comparative study of the bryophyte epiphytic vegetation in Quercus pyrenaica and Quercus robur Woodlands from northern Portugal

Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Briología, Vol. 26 (2005), pp. 75-84


In the last few decades the remaining woodlands in the northern region of the Portuguese territory have been replaced by large extensions of artificial plantations. Nevertheless, some of these woodlands are still represented and included in the Natura 2000 Network Sites. Epiphytic bryophytes were studied on six sites selected according to its climacic vegetation: pure woodlands of Quercus robur, pure woodlands of Q. pyrenaica and mixed woodlands of Q. robur and Q. pyrenaica. Each trunk was divided into a basal, a ...


Inonotus rickii (Pat.) Reid: an important legnicolous basidiomycete in urban trees

Revista de Ciências Agrárias, Vol. 31, No. 2. (2008), pp. 159-167


Inonotus rickii is a basidiomycete that causes cankers and decay in several ornamental trees, and has been reported in Portugal since 2002. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the incidence of the disease caused by I. rickii on Celtis australis, in the community of Alcântara, Lisbon, where the European hackberry tree is the main sidewalk species. Disease incidence reached 19%, and affected trees showed sparse foliage, death of branches and white rot of heartwood. In some cases, chlamydospores ...


Vascular plant communities in Portugal (Continental, the Azores and Madeira)

Global Geobotany, Vol. 2 (2012), pp. 1-180


In this paper we propose a syntaxonomic scheme, according to the Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature for the vegetation of Portugal: continental and the Azores and Madeira archipelagos. The scheme encompasses 827 associations (4 communities), 245 alliances, 116 orders, and 64 vegetation classes. The 58 suballiances, 2 suborders and 4 subclasses, are also mentioned, as auxiliary ranks. For the higher syntaxa down to suballiance level, succinct ecological, physiognomic and chorological diagnosis has been made, and the characteristic species are related. New syntaxa ...


Analysis of spatial patterns of oak decline in cork oak woodlands in Mediterranean conditions

Annals of Forest Science In Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 67, No. 2. (2010), pp. 204-204,


[::] Cork oak mortality is a recurrent problem in southwestern Portugal. Despite the perception of increasingly visible damage in oak woodlands on drought-prone sites, the role of the various environmental factors in their decline is not clear. [::] To describe the spatial patterns of cork oak (Quercus suber L.) mortality, a cork oak mortality index (MI) was determined for each landscape feature (agroforestry system, soil type, slope and aspect) using a GIS approach. To achieve this goal, a logistic regression model was ...


The EFFIS forest fire atmospheric emission model: application to a major fire event in Portugal

Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 84 (February 2014), pp. 355-362,
Keywords: effis   fire-emissions   modelling   portugal   wildfires  


[Highlights] [::] The new forest fire emission model developed for the EFFIS system is tested. [::] A large forest fire event occurred in 2011 in Portugal was selected for study case. [::] Hourly emissions were calculated for all gas and particulate pollutants. [::] These fire emissions represent more than 90% of the total annual amount emitted. [::] The impact of these forest fire emissions on air quality is also addressed. [Abstract] Forest fires are a major contributor of gaseous and particulate compounds to the atmosphere, impairing air quality ...


Application of GIS tools for Leça River Basin soil erosion (Northern Portugal) evaluation

WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 124 (18 August 2009), pp. 267-278,


Applying GIS-based RUSLE methodology, the main goal of the present study is to forecast soil loss and identify areas of high erosion potential in the Leça River Basin, located in Northern Portugal. The rasterlayered model was structured in ArcGIS for two different scales: grid cell sizes of 10 and 30 meters. The average annual soil loss in Leça River Basin was estimated at 33.2 t/ha, which produces a sediment yield of 52 000 m3/year. It was also estimated that 31% of ...


Effects of climate change on the distribution of Iberian tree species

Applied Vegetation Science, Vol. 11, No. 2. (April 2008), pp. 169-178,


Question: Will the predicted climate changes affect species distribution in the Iberian Peninsula? Location: Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal). Methods: We modelled current and future tree distributions as a function of climate, using a computational framework that made use of one machine learning technique, the random forest (RF) algorithm. This algorithm provided good predictions of the current distribution of each species, as shown by the area under the corresponding receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves. Species turnover, richness and the change in ...


A stochastic approach to optimize Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) stand management scheduling under fire risk. An application in Portugal

Annals of Operations Research In Annals of Operations Research (26 January 2011), pp. 1-19,


The paper discusses research aiming at the development of a management scheduling model for even-aged stands that may take into consideration fuel treatments to address the risk of wildfires. A Stochastic dynamic programming (SDP) approach is proposed to determine the policy (e.g. the fuel treatment and thinning schedules and the rotation age) that produces the maximum expected discounted net revenue. Fuel treatment activities encompass shrub cleanings. Emphasis was on combining a deterministic stand-level growth and yield model with wildfire occurrence and ...


Assessment of forest biomass for use as energy. GIS-based analysis of geographical availability and locations of wood-fired power plants in Portugal

Applied Energy, Vol. 87, No. 8. (01 August 2010), pp. 2551-2560,


Following the European Union strategy concerning renewable energy (RE), Portugal established in their national policy programmes that the production of electrical energy from RE should reach 45% of the total supply by 2010. Since Portugal has large forest biomass resources, a significant part of this energy will be obtained from this source. In addition to the two existing electric power plants, with 22 MW of power capacity, 13 new power plants having a total of 86.4 MW capacity are in construction. Together these ...


A new procedure to estimate the RUSLE EI30 index, based on monthly rainfall data and applied to the Algarve region, Portugal

Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 250, No. 1-4. (September 2001), pp. 12-18,


One of the best indicators of the potential erosion risks is the rainfall–runoff erosivity factor (R) of the revised universal soil loss equation (RUSLE). Frequently, however, there is not enough data available to compute the R value, and other parameters, such as the modified Fournier index (Fmod), are used instead. But RUSLE is less effective if only the alternative procedures exist. One of the major discrepancies between R and the alternative parameters is time resolution: individual storms are used to calculate ...

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Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.