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Selection: with tag pollution [22 articles] 


Well below 2 °C: mitigation strategies for avoiding dangerous to catastrophic climate changes

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 114, No. 39. (26 September 2017), pp. 10315-10323,


The historic Paris Agreement calls for limiting global temperature rise to “well below 2 °C.” Because of uncertainties in emission scenarios, climate, and carbon cycle feedback, we interpret the Paris Agreement in terms of three climate risk categories and bring in considerations of low-probability (5%) high-impact (LPHI) warming in addition to the central (∼50% probability) value. The current risk category of dangerous warming is extended to more categories, which are defined by us here as follows: >1.5 °C as dangerous; >3 ...


A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2016

Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 31, No. 1. (January 2016), pp. 44-53,


This paper presents the results of our seventh annual horizon scan, in which we aimed to identify issues that could have substantial effects on global biological diversity in the future, but are not currently widely well known or understood within the conservation community. Fifteen issues were identified by a team that included researchers, practitioners, professional horizon scanners, and journalists. The topics include use of managed bees as transporters of biological control agents, artificial superintelligence, electric pulse trawling, testosterone in the aquatic ...


Indonesian fire activity and smoke pollution in 2015 show persistent nonlinear sensitivity to El Niño-induced drought

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 113, No. 33. (16 August 2016), pp. 9204-9209,


[Significance] The 2015 Indonesian fire season, in terms of fire activity and pollution, was the most severe since the NASA Earth Observing satellite system began observations in the early 2000s. Our estimates show that the 2015 CO2-equivalent biomass burning emissions for all of Indonesia were between the 2013 annual fossil fuel CO2 emissions of Japan and India. Longer-term records of airport visibility in Sumatra and Kalimantan show that 2015 ranked among the worst episodes on record. Analysis of dry season rainfall shows ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 27

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   plant-populations   plant-self-defense   plant-species   plant-species-competition   plant-species-richness   plant-survival   plant-trait   plant-use   plantation   plants   plasticity   platanus-orientalis   platanus-racemosa   platanus-spp   platanus-x-hispanica   platycarya-strobilacea   platymiscium-pinnatum   platypus-sulcatus   plausibility-check   pleurostomophora-richardsiae   pliocene   plumeria-alba   plumeria-rubra   po-plain   poaceae   podocarpus-falcatus   poisonous-plants   poland   polar-ecological-zone   polfc   policy   policy-strategies-for-scientific-uncertainty   pollen   pollen-analysis   pollen-dispersal   pollen-records   pollination   pollinology   pollution   polulation   polydrusus-impressifrons   polygala-myrtifolia   polygraphus-poligraphus   polymath   polymorphism   polypodium   population   population-adaptation   population-decline   population-dynamics   population-growth   population-structuring   population-viability-risk-management   populus-adenopoda   populus-alba   populus-angustifolia   populus-balsamifera   populus-cathayana   populus-deltoides   populus-euphratica   populus-fremontii   populus-grandidentata   populus-ilicifolia   populus-koreana   populus-lasiocarpa   populus-nigra   populus-simonii   populus-spp   populus-szechuanica   populus-tremula   populus-tremuloides   populus-trichocarpa   populus-wettsteinii   populus-x-canescens   populus-x-tomentosa   populus-yunnanensis   porosity   portability   porthetria-dispar   portugal   positional-analysis   post-fire-management   post-fire-regeneration   post-fire-vegetation-dynamics   post-glacial-dispersal   post-glacial-migration   post-normal-science   post-publication-peer-review   postfire-impacts   postfire-recovery   postgis   postglacial-recolonization   postgresql   potential   potential-evapotranspiration   potential-habitat   potential-soil-erosion   potoxylon-melagangai   poverty  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


A thirsty world

Science, Vol. 313, No. 5790. (2006), pp. 1067-1067,


[Excerpt] The search for fresh water—to drink, to bathe in, to irrigate crops—is a problem as old as civilization. Across the ages, cities have thrived where the supply is abundant and collapsed in the face of drought. Remarkably, despite the technological progress characterizing the modern era and the fact that most of Earth's surface is covered by oceans, the availability of fresh water remains a pressing concern throughout the world. In this special section, we highlight some of the diverse contemporary ...


Chromium isotopes and the fate of hexavalent chromium in the environment

Science, Vol. 295, No. 5562. (2002), pp. 2060-2062,
Keywords: chromium   pollution   water-resources  


Measurements of chromium (Cr) stable-isotope fractionation in laboratory experiments and natural waters show that lighter isotopes reacted preferentially during Cr(VI) reduction by magnetite and sediments. The 53Cr/52Cr ratio of the product was 3.4 ± 0.1 per mil less than that of the reactant.53Cr/52Cr shifts in water samples indicate the extent of reduction, a critical process that renders toxic Cr(VI) in the environment immobile and less toxic. ...


Groundwater flow in the Ganges delta

Science, Vol. 296, No. 5573. (2002), pp. 1563-1563,


asu et al. (1) reported that 2 × 1011 m3/year of groundwater flows directly into the Bay of Bengal, an outflow equivalent to 19% of the discharge from the Ganges-Brahmaputra river system. They showed that this estimate of flow could have important consequences for the interpretation of marine strontium isotope records, because strontium concentrations are higher in Ganges delta groundwater than in Ganges-Brahmaputra river water. The flow could also have implications for the origin and fate of other groundwater constituents in ...


Simultaneously mitigating near-term climate change and improving human health and food security

Science, Vol. 335, No. 6065. (2012), pp. 183-189,


Tropospheric ozone and black carbon (BC) contribute to both degraded air quality and global warming. We considered ~400 emission control measures to reduce these pollutants by using current technology and experience. We identified 14 measures targeting methane and BC emissions that reduce projected global mean warming ~0.5°C by 2050. This strategy avoids 0.7 to 4.7 million annual premature deaths from outdoor air pollution and increases annual crop yields by 30 to 135 million metric tons due to ozone reductions in 2030 ...


The challenge of micropollutants in aquatic systems

Science, Vol. 313, No. 5790. (2006), pp. 1072-1077,


The increasing worldwide contamination of freshwater systems with thousands of industrial and natural chemical compounds is one of the key environmental problems facing humanity. Although most of these compounds are present at low concentrations, many of them raise considerable toxicological concerns, particularly when present as components of complex mixtures. Here we review three scientific challenges in addressing water-quality problems caused by such micropollutants. First, tools to assess the impact of these pollutants on aquatic life and human health must be further ...


Leverage points for improving global food security and the environment

Science, Vol. 345, No. 6194. (2014), pp. 325-328,


[How to optimize global food production] Keeping societies stable and managing Earth's resources sustainably depend on doing a good, steady job producing and distributing food. West et al. asked what combinations of crops and regions offer the best chance of progress. Their analysis focused on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, nutrient pollution, water use, and food waste. They identify regions that are likely to yield the best balance between applying fertilizer to increase crop yields versus the resulting environmental impact. [Abstract] Achieving sustainable global food ...


Sustainable land use in the European Union

CULTIVAR Cadernos de Análise e Prospetiva, Vol. 2 (2015), pp. 13-20


[Excerpt: Introduction] Soil is defined as the top layer of the earth’s crust. It is formed by mineral particles, organic matter, water, air and living organisms. In fact, soil is an extremely complex, variable and living medium. It can be considered essentially as a non-renewable resource since soil formation is an extremely slow process. Soil provides us with food, biomass and raw materials. It serves as a platform for human activities and landscape. It is also an archive of heritage and plays ...


  1. European Commission, 2006. Commission staff working document - Document accompanying the Communication from the Commission to the Council, The European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection - Impact assessment of the thematic strategy on soil protection. Commission Staff Working Document 2006 (SEC/2006/0620).
  2. Fenn, T., Fleet, D., Garrett, L., Daly, E., Elding, C., Hartman, M., Udo, J., 2014. Study on Economic and

Water Management and Ecosystems: Living with Change



[Excerpt: Introduction] This report, based on the links between water and ecosystems, outlines how ecosystem-focused approaches may be incorporated into integrated water resources management (IWRM). It analyses to what degree water is involved in the relationship between society and the surrounding ecosystems, clarifies how humans and ecosystems are sharing the same water, and shows how ecosystem sustainability may be strengthened within the IWRM process. The report will provide a conceptual background to support land/water integration in a catchment based ecosystem approach to ...


Particulate pollution capture by urban trees: effect of species and windspeed

Global Change Biology, Vol. 6, No. 8. (December 2000), pp. 995-1003,
Keywords: pollution   species   urban-trees  


Particulate pollution is a serious health problem throughout the world, exacerbating a wide range of respiratory and vascular illnesses in urban areas. The use of trees to reduce the effects of these pollutants has been addressed in the literature, but has rarely been quantified. The aim of the present study was to quantify the effectiveness of five tree species 2212 pine (Pinus nigra var. maritima), cypress ( נCupressocyparis leylandii), maple (Acer campestre), whitebeam (Sorbus intermedia), poplar (Populus deltoides נtrichocarpa'Beaupré') 2212 in capturing pollutant particles. This was achieved ...


Potential use of Populus for phytoremediation of environmental pollution in riparian zones

In Micropropagation, genetic engineering, and molecular biology of Populus, Vol. RM-GTR-297 (1997), pp. 206-211


[Excerpt: Introduction] Environmental pollution is a serious threat to human life and to our ecosystems. Riparian zones, the narrow band of land between terrestrial and aquatic systems, are especially vulnerable to environmental pollution because many pollutants are transported through these systems via surface or subsurface runoff. Pollutants include fertilizers (e.g., nitrates), pesticides, agrichemical by-products, heavy metals, trichloroethylene, halogenated phenolics, and other waste products (Schoeneberger 1994). Because agricultural and industrial pollutants are widespread, there is increasing interest on organisms that accumulate, detoxify, or degrade these substances. While it is known that plants and microorganisms modify ...


Human excreta management: human excreta as an important base of sustainable agriculture

In Proceedings of the 4th Multidisciplinary Academic Conference (2015)


Human excreta are considered as a waste which must be clear away as fast as possible by water. However human excreta are essential components of material and energy flows of ecosystems. The paper draws attention how much valuable material is lost when regarding human excreta as waste. For evaluation of the nutrient quantity in the human excreta the nitrogen and phosphorus loading caused by purified sewage emission, the quantity of fertilizer used for enhance soil productivity, the nitrogen and phosphorus balance ...


  1. Gotass in F. Tanguay, 1990. Petit manuel d’auto-construction. Mortagne, Quebec.
  2. National Institute for Environment, 2013. Magyarország környezeti állapota (Environmental state of Hungary). Budapest: National Institute for Environment (NeKI).
  3. Toilettes Du Monde, 2009. Guide toilettes seches, Assaimissement Ecologique et solidarite. Nyons, France.
  4. Hungarian Central Statistical Office, 2014. Környezeti helyzetkép 2013 (Environmental situation in Hungary, 2013). Budapest.
  5. Vegh, L., Szam, D., Hetesi,Zs., 2008. Utolsó kísérlet – Híradás

Foliar Symptoms and Growth Reduction of Ailanthus altissima Desf. in an Area with High Ozone and Acidic Deposition in Italy

In Forest Growth Responses to the Pollution Climate of the 21st Century (1999), pp. 267-272,
Keywords: ailanthus-altissima   ozone   pollution  


Since 1985, severe defoliation and foliar symptoms have been observed on Ailanthus altissima Desf. ratmets located at a site where high ozone concentration (up to 128 n1·1−1), strongly acidic drizzle and dew (to pH 1.4) were recorded. The behaviour of plants growing in an open field (directly exposed to the pollutants), and below the canopy of an old stone pine stand was compared. Compared to the below-canopy trees, the open field trees show a variety of foliar symptoms (diffuse yellowing, apical, ...


Ailanthus: Variation, cultivation and frustration

Journal of Arboriculture, Vol. 11, No. 12. (1985), pp. 361-368


A discussion of A. altissima, a shade-intolerant species resistant to pollution, which was introduced to North America in 1784 and has since become extensively naturalized. Its history, uses, ecology in North America (range, habitat, growth habit, yield, pests and diseases) and genetics are outlined. A provenance trial established in Virginia in 1971 showed problems such as high mortality, multiple stems and repeated stem dieback and regrowth after 10 yr. Although it is an aggressive pioneer, characterized by rapid juvenile growth and ...


AGNPS: A nonpoint-source pollution model for evaluating agricultural watersheds

Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, Vol. 44, No. 2. (01 March 1989), pp. 168-173


A computer model to analyze nonprofit-source pollution and to prioritize potential water quality problems in rural areas is described. The event-based model uses geographic cells of data units at resolutions of 0.4 to 16 ha to represent upland and channel conditions. Within the framework of the cells, runoff characteristics and transport processes of sediment, nutrients, and chemical oxygen demand are simulated for each cell and routed to the outlet. This permits the flow at any point in the watershed to be ...


China gets serious about its pollutant-laden soil

Science, Vol. 343, No. 6178. (28 March 2014), pp. 1415-1416,


A recent national survey found that 2.5% of China's arable land is too contaminated to grow food safely. The survey's details were so alarming that they were declared a "state secret." Now, the central government appears eager to tackle the problem; China's latest 5-year plan singles out five industries as egregious soil polluters and sets a target to reduce, by 2015, discharges of heavy metals by 15% from 2007 levels. ...


Global Change and Mercury

Science, Vol. 341, No. 6153. (27 September 2013), pp. 1457-1458,


More than 140 nations recently agreed to a legally binding treaty on reductions in human uses and releases of mercury that will be signed in October of this year. This follows the 2011 rule in the United States that for the first time regulates mercury emissions from electricity-generating utilities. Several decades of scientific research preceded these important regulations. However, the impacts of global change on environmental mercury concentrations and human exposures remain a major uncertainty affecting the potential effectiveness of regulatory ...


An important fingerprint of wildfires on the European aerosol load

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 11, No. 20. (24 October 2011), pp. 10487-10501,


Wildland fires represent the major source of fine aerosols, i.e., atmospheric particles with diameters <1 μm. The largest numbers of these fires occur in Africa, Asia and South America, but a not negligible fraction also occurs in Eastern Europe and former USSR countries, particularly in the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Kazakhstan. Besides the impact of large forest fires, recent studies also highlighted the crucial role played by routine agricultural fires in Eastern Europe and Russia on the Arctic atmosphere. An evaluation ...


Effects of business-as-usual anthropogenic emissions on air quality

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 12, No. 15. (1 August 2012), pp. 6915-6937,


The atmospheric chemistry general circulation model EMAC has been used to estimate the impact of anthropogenic emission changes on global and regional air quality in recent and future years (2005, 2010, 2025 and 2050). The emission scenario assumes that population and economic growth largely determine energy and food consumption and consequent pollution sources with the current technologies ("business as usual"). This scenario is chosen to show the effects of not implementing legislation to prevent additional climate change and growing air pollution, ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

Publication metadata

Bibtex, RIS, RSS/XML feed, Json, Dublin Core

Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.