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Selection: with tag plantation [50 articles] 

 

Patterns of fire severity and forest conditions in the western Klamath Mountains, California

  
Conservation Biology, Vol. 18, No. 4. (August 2004), pp. 927-936, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2004.00493.x

Abstract

The Klamath-Siskiyou region of northwestern California and southwestern Oregon supports globally outstanding temperate biodiversity. Fire has been important in the evolutionary history that shaped this diversity, but recent human influences have altered the fire environment. We tested for modern human impacts on the fire regime by analyzing temporal patterns in fire extent and spatial patterns of fire severity in relation to vegetation structure, past fire occurrence, roads, and timber management in a 98,814-ha area burned in 1987. Fire severity was mapped ...

 

The introduction of lodgepole pine for wood production in Sweden - a review

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 141, No. 1-2. (February 2001), pp. 15-29, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(00)00485-0

Abstract

The species-specific properties and the environmental requirements of lodgepole pine (LP) in both its native environment and as an exotic are reviewed in order to describe the large-scale introduction of this tree to Sweden, where the planted area has reached about 600,000 ha during a 25-year period. LP is estimated to produce 36% more wood than Scots pine (SP) and survives better in the young stages, but is less stable against wind and snow load after being planted. Other species differences ...

 

Introduction of lodgepole pine in Sweden - Ecological relevance for vertebrates

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 141, No. 1-2. (February 2001), pp. 143-153, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(00)00497-7

Abstract

Several factors like vegetation structure, quality of food and protection from predators influence habitat utilisation by vertebrates. When an exotic tree species is introduced it has the potential to affect vertebrates in a number of ways. In the boreal region of Sweden (where Scots pine (P. sylvestris) and Norway spruce (Picea abies) are the dominant native conifers), lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) was introduced on a large scale about 40 years ago. [\n] Our review of current knowledge on the lodgepole pine suggests ...

 

The introduction of lodgepole pine as a major forest crop in Sweden: implications for host-pathogen evolution

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 141, No. 1-2. (February 2001), pp. 85-96, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(00)00491-6

Abstract

Theoretical and experimental investigations of natural selection in host–pathogen systems are reviewed and the general principles emerging from these studies are used to analyse the possible pathogenic consequences of introducing lodgepole pine into Sweden. Introduction of lodgepole pine alone is likely to pose a relatively low disease risk for native forests. The possible evolution of more aggressive populations of native Scots pine pathogens on highly stressed lodgepole pine plantations is, nevertheless, of some concern. These pathogens could, subsequently, transfer back on ...

 

Insects on lodgepole pine in Sweden - current knowledge and potential risks

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 141, No. 1-2. (February 2001), pp. 107-116, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(00)00494-1

Abstract

Eighty species of forest insects have thus far been recorded feeding on lodgepole pine in the Nordic countries (61 in Sweden). The list includes species that have Scots pine as their main host and which feed on needles, flowers, cones, and shoots, as well as species boring in the phloem and xylem of dead or dying Norway spruce. Contrary to our expectations, most of the insect species that have colonised lodgepole pine in Sweden can be considered specialists (with regard to ...

 

A landscape perspective on the establishment of exotic tree plantations: lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) in Sweden

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 141, No. 1-2. (February 2001), pp. 131-142, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(00)00496-5

Abstract

This paper reviews some of the potential effects of plantations of the North American lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) on landscapes in Sweden dominated by Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), Norway spruce (Picea abies), and, after major disturbances, by several deciduous trees (Betula pendula, B. pubescens and, less commonly, Populus tremula). Also, we determine the proportions of a specific landscape in Sweden that are at varying distances from lodgepole pine and the degree to which landscape fragmentation may be increased by lodgepole pine ...

 

Forest landscape change and biodiversity conservation

  
In Forest Landscapes and Global Change (2014), pp. 167-198, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-0953-7_7

Abstract

Forest landscapes are changing at unprecedented rates in many regions of the world. This may have profound consequences for the diversity and resilience of forest ecosystems and may impose considerable challenges for their management. In this chapter, we review the different types of change that can occur in a forest landscape, including modifications in forest habitat amount, quality, fragmentation, connectivity, and heterogeneity. We describe the conceptual differences and potential interactions among these changes and provide a summary of the possible responses ...

 

Primary forests are irreplaceable for sustaining tropical biodiversity

  
Nature, Vol. 478, No. 7369. (14 September 2011), pp. 378-381, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10425

Abstract

Human-driven land-use changes increasingly threaten biodiversity, particularly in tropical forests where both species diversity and human pressures on natural environments are high. The rapid conversion of tropical forests for agriculture, timber production and other uses has generated vast, human-dominated landscapes with potentially dire consequences for tropical biodiversity. Today, few truly undisturbed tropical forests exist, whereas those degraded by repeated logging and fires, as well as secondary and plantation forests, are rapidly expanding. Here we provide a global assessment of the impact ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 27

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   plant-populations   plant-self-defense   plant-species   plant-species-competition   plant-species-richness   plant-survival   plant-trait   plant-use   plantation   plants   plasticity   platanus-orientalis   platanus-racemosa   platanus-spp   platanus-x-hispanica   platycarya-strobilacea   platymiscium-pinnatum   platypus-sulcatus   plausibility-check   pleurostomophora-richardsiae   pliocene   plumeria-alba   plumeria-rubra   po-plain   poaceae   podocarpus-falcatus   poisonous-plants   poland   polar-ecological-zone   polfc   policy   policy-strategies-for-scientific-uncertainty   pollen   pollen-analysis   pollen-dispersal   pollen-records   pollination   pollinology   pollution   polulation   polydrusus-impressifrons   polygala-myrtifolia   polygraphus-poligraphus   polymath   polymorphism   polypodium   population   population-adaptation   population-decline   population-dynamics   population-growth   population-structuring   population-viability-risk-management   populus-adenopoda   populus-alba   populus-angustifolia   populus-balsamifera   populus-cathayana   populus-deltoides   populus-euphratica   populus-fremontii   populus-grandidentata   populus-ilicifolia   populus-koreana   populus-lasiocarpa   populus-nigra   populus-simonii   populus-spp   populus-szechuanica   populus-tremula   populus-tremuloides   populus-trichocarpa   populus-wettsteinii   populus-x-canescens   populus-x-tomentosa   populus-yunnanensis   porosity   portability   porthetria-dispar   portugal   positional-analysis   post-fire-management   post-fire-regeneration   post-fire-vegetation-dynamics   post-glacial-dispersal   post-glacial-migration   post-normal-science   post-publication-peer-review   postfire-impacts   postfire-recovery   postgis   postglacial-recolonization   postgresql   potential   potential-evapotranspiration   potential-habitat   potential-soil-erosion   potoxylon-melagangai   poverty  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

Soil characteristics and landcover relationships on soil hydraulic conductivity at a hillslope scale: a view towards local flood management

  
Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 497 (August 2013), pp. 208-222, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.05.043

Abstract

We evaluate woodland/grassland cover and soil types to reduce local flooding. We measured field saturated hydraulic conductivity under grassland and woodland. Established broadleaf woodland had significantly higher infiltration rates than grassland. 1 in 10 year storm events would cause infiltration-excess overland flow on grassland. We suggest deciduous shelterbelts upslope could locally reduce overland flow. There are surprisingly few studies in humid temperate forests which provide reliable evidence that soil permeability is enhanced under forests. This work addresses this research gap through a ...

 

Rainfall infiltration and soil hydrological characteristics below ancient forest, planted forest and grassland in a temperate northern climate

  
Ecohydrology (2015), pp. n/a-n/a, https://doi.org/10.1002/eco.1658

Abstract

How rainfall infiltration rate and soil hydrological characteristics develop over time under forests of different ages in temperate regions is poorly understood. In this study, infiltration rate and soil hydrological characteristics were investigated under forests of different ages and under grassland. Soil hydraulic characteristics were measured at different scales under a 250-year-old grazed grassland (GL), 6-year-old (6yr) and 48-year-old (48yr) Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) plantations, remnant 300-year-old individual Scots pine (OT) and a 4000-year-old Caledonian Forest (AF). In situ field-saturated hydraulic ...

 

Reconversion of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) stands into mixed forests: effects on soil properties and nutrient fluxes

  
In Management of mixed-species forest: silviculture and economics (1999), pp. 46-57
 

Afforestation techniques in Cyprus

  
Unasylva, Vol. 6, No. 4. (1952), pp. 160-166

Abstract

Active interest in afforestation in Cyprus dates from the British occupation in 1878. Immediate steps were then taken to conserve the remaining natural forests and to supplement these natural resources by the plantation of exotic species in the arid, treeless plains. Species of the genus Eucalyptus were among the first to be introduced and, subsequently, many other suitable and unsuitable exotics were tried. From time to time, increased funds were allotted for afforestation, and the history of forestry in Cyprus is ...

 

Variations in compression strength and surface roughness of heat-treated Turkish river red gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) wood

  
Journal of Wood Science In Journal of Wood Science, Vol. 51, No. 4. (2005), pp. 405-409, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-004-0655-x
 

Energy evaluation of the Eucalyptus globulus and the Eucalyptus nitens in the north of Spain (Cantabria)

  
Thermochimica Acta, Vol. 451, No. 1-2. (December 2006), pp. 57-64, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tca.2006.08.009

Abstract

This work studied the potential use of the waste from Eucalyptus globulus and Eucalyptus nitens as energy crops, evaluating young and adult stages of both in all four seasons of the year with different moisture contents. The study was carried out made in Cantabria (North coast of Spain), located at latitude 43°28′N, and longitude 3°48′W. In this region, 29,513 ha are dedicated to the growth of Eucalyptus, with about 80% E. globulus, and 20% E. nitens. Six different plantations have been analyzed ...

 

Eucalyptus in the British Isles

  
Quarterly Journal of Forestry, Vol. 105, No. 1. (2011), pp. 43-53
 

Distribution, biology, genetics, and improvement programs for Eucalyptus globulus and E. nitens around the world.

  
In Proceedings of the 24th Biennial Southern Tree Improvement Conference, June 9 to 12 1997, Orlando, Florida (1997), pp. 81-95
 

El eucalipto en la repoblación forestal

  
(1981)
by FAO
 

Eucalypt plantations

  
New Forests In New Forests, Vol. 17, No. 1-3. (1999), pp. 37-52, https://doi.org/10.1023/a%3a1006524911242

Abstract

This paper reviews the historical development of the use of the eucalypt over 200 years, from its curiosity status in the botanical gardens of Europe to its extensive use as a fuelwood for the wood-burning locomotives of the national railway systems, and then to its more recent use as a major source of biomass for paper pulp, fiberboard, industrial charcoal, and fuelwood. Ecological and biological aspects of the genus Eucalyptus have made it successful as an exotic in industrial monocultures and ...

 

Contenido y distribución de nutrientes en plantaciones de Eucalyptus globulus del noroeste de la península Ibérica

  
Investigación Agraria: Sistemas y Recursos Forestales, Vol. 9, No. 1. (2000), pp. 317-335

Abstract

En este trabajo se estudiaron nueve plantaciones de Eucalyptus globulus con edades comprendidas entre 6 y 18 años, localizadas en el norte de España (Lugo y noroeste de Asturias). Se determinó el nivel de nutrientes y su acumulación en las diferentes fracciones de la biomasa arbórea aérea, así como en el horizonte orgánico y en los horizontes minerales del suelo. Las cantidades de P, K, Ca y Mg total encontradas en la biomasa aérea de plantaciones de fin de turno son ...

 

Silvicultura: a Gestão dos Ecossistemas Florestais

  
(2012)

Abstract

m Portugal, as florestas cobrem actualmente cerca de 1/3 do território do continente e têm elevado valor económico e social. A escrita desta obra surgiu da necessidade de transmitir aos interessados na gestão das florestas as ideias essenciais sobre a maneira de conduzir os povoamentos florestais e deles tirar proveito, quer pela produção de bens comercializáveis, como a mdeira e a cortiça, quer pelo cumprimento de funções de protecção e de preservação da biodiversidade. Nas últimas duas décadas verificaram-se alterações substanciais nos conceitos, ...

 

Eucalyptus universalis,Global cultivated eucalypt forests map 2008, Version 1.0.1

  
(2008)
 

Eucalypts for planting

  
Vol. 11 (1981)
 

Eucalyptus: The Giants of Spain & Portugal

  
(2007)
 

The ecology and silviculture of oaks

  
In The ecology and silviculture of oaks (2002), https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851995700.0000

Abstract

This book contains 10 chapters divided into 3 sections. The first section consists 3 chapters on the ecological characteristics and distribution of oak species and the various kinds of oak forests in the USA. The next 2 chapters on regeneration ecology provide the critical interference between oak ecology and silviculture. The second section comprises 3 chapters covering site productivity and stand development. The third section comprises 4 chapters on silvicultural methods and the growth and yield of oak forests. ...

 

Biologia e ecologia do pinheiro-bravo

  
In Pinhais e eucaliptais: a floresta cultivada, Vol. 4 (2007), pp. 17-34
edited by J. S. Silva
 

The modern silviculture of Juglans regia L.: A literature review

  
Die Bodenkulture, Vol. 60, No. 3. (2009), pp. 21-34

Abstract

Common walnut (Juglans regia L.) is cultivated across much of Europe. There are many qualities that favour it as a valuable broadleaved tree for the future including its rapid growth, the high value of its timber and its plasticity in respect to projected climate change. Some countries in Europe, particularly France and Italy, have invested many years of silvicultural and genetic research in developing the species’ potential. Today, most European countries are interested in common walnut, and research findings have been ...

 

Biology and Control of Bacterial Leaf Blight of Cornus mas

  
HortScience, Vol. 41, No. 3. (2006), pp. 721-724

Abstract

Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) has been free of disease and pest problems until recently when a bacterial leaf blight caused by Pseudomonas syringae was reported. Since its first observation in middle Tennessee in 1999, the disease has become endemic in the nursery where it was first discovered. The objective of this study was to assess the disease, evaluate factors that favor disease development, and develop disease management strategies. Cool temperatures of 20 to 24 °C (day) and 10 to 15 ...

 

First Report of Phytophthora citricola on Cornus mas in Bulgaria

  
Plant Disease, Vol. 93, No. 5. (2009), https://doi.org/dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-93-5-0551A

Abstract

In the springs of 2007 and 2008, severe, unusual damages were observed on sporadically scattered plantlets of ‘Kazanlashki’ (known also as ‘Kazanlaker’) in a nursery located near Vratza in northwestern Bulgaria. Symptoms were identical in both years and expressed on the leaves, young shoots, and adjacent rootstock wood. Dark brown, necrotic leaf spots initiated most often from the leaf periphery and quickly covered more than half of the leaf area. Necrosis of the leaves and shoots spread toward the older woody ...

 

Phenotypic and molecular characterisation of Colletotrichum acutatum, the causal agent of anthracnose disease on Cornus mas in Iran

  
Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection, Vol. 46, No. 5. (2013), pp. 518-525, https://doi.org/10.1080/03235408.2012.745056

Abstract

Cornus mas L. (Cornaceae), known as European Corneal, is native to south Europe and south-west Asia. This deciduous shrub with edible and medicinal fruits grows wild in Arasbaran forests located in Azerbaijan and Gazvin regions in Northern Iran. A new leaf spot and fruit rot disease have recently been observed on this host in Arasbaran forests located in north-west of Iran. Leaves and fruit samples were collected from heavily infected Cornus mas trees in this region during October 2011. The causal ...

 

Elements of growth and structure of narrow-leaved ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl) annual seedlings in the nursery on fluvisol

  
Periodicum Biologorum, Vol. 112, No. 3. (January 2010), pp. 341-351

Abstract

Background and Purpose: For the process of optimisation of annual seedling production of narrow-leaved ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl) planned for the reforestation of marshland sites morphology, height and diameter growth and structure of narrow-leaved ash were researched in the nursery on fluvisol in different microsite conditions (microsite A – sandy--loamy fluvisol and microsite B – loamy fluvisol). Material and Methods: The measurements included the length of the axis above the cotyledons (h), and hypocotyl diameter (d 0). The length of internodes ...

 

Comparison of various pulping characteristic of Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl. wood

  
African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 10, No. 48. (2011), pp. 9812-9816

Abstract

This study was carried out in order to investigate the suitability of ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.), a native tree (species) in Turkey, for pulp and paper making. Four pulping methods, which included NSSC, cold soda, kraft and kraft + anthraquinone pulping processes, were used for this study. The test materials were supplied from two different stands found in Istanbul Bahcekoy region. When ash wood samples as ash 1 and ash 2 chemical contents were analyzed, the chemical components of ash 1 ...

 

Wettability and surface roughness of natural and plantation-grown narrow-leaved ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) wood

  
BioResources, Vol. 6, No. 4. (2011), pp. 4721-4730

Abstract

Plantation-grown wood species are becoming more important. Their anatomical, physical, and mechanical properties are different and generally more variable than wood grown in natural stands. The objective of this study was to investigate the wettability and surface roughness (SR) of natural and plantation-grown narrow-leaved ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) wood. The logs were cut from a natural stand versus three different spacings of plantation-grown narrow-leaved ash wood stands. Plantation spacings were 3 x 2 m, 3 x 2.5 m, and 4 x ...

 

The importance of Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. oxycarpa as a fast growing tree for Turkey

  
In Proceeding of International IUFRO Meeting: Management of Fast Growing Plantations, 11-13 September 2002. Izmit, Turkey (2002), pp. 192-202

Abstract

The industrihl plantations with fast growing trees are very important in closing the shortage of world wood raw material. These plantations have been mainly established with fast growing conifers. In recent years hardwood species however have been also used broadly in plantations. Ash species have become the one of the main species in hardwood plantations in Europe for their valuable wood and fast growing characteristics. Frarinus angustifolia has been increasingly used in plantations. This species has the maximum increment potential among ...

 

Current trends in management practices for European larch in North America

  
The Forestry Chronicle, Vol. 78, No. 6. (December 2002), pp. 822-829, https://doi.org/10.5558/tfc78822-6

Abstract

European larch (Larix decidua Miller) was introduced to North America in the mid-19th century. Its rapid growth led to its use as a reforestation species in northeastern North America during the early part of the 20th century. Proper site selection and vegetation management are crucial to the successful establishment and productivity of this species. On comparable sites, yields of European larch commonly exceed those of native species. Management practices and applied research for this species in North America include the refinement ...

 

A comparison of avian diversity in spruce monocultures and spruce-birch polycultures in southern Sweden

  
Silva Fennica, Vol. 45, No. 5. (2011), pp. 1143-1150
Keywords: betula-spp   picea-abies   plantation   sweden  

Abstract

The replacement of some spruce monocultures with stands composed of planted Norway spruce ( Picea abies ) and naturally regenerated birch ( Betula spp.) has a range of potential benefits, but the implications for biodiversity are generally unknown. Here we conduct a paired replicated study in southern Sweden of the avian biodiversity found within Norway spruce monocultures, and within Norway spruce stands possessing approximately 20% birch. Our research leads us to three findings. First, avian diversity was significantly higher in the ...

 

Plantation forests and biodiversity: oxymoron or opportunity?

  
Biodiversity and Conservation In Biodiversity and Conservation, Vol. 17, No. 5. (1 May 2008), pp. 925-951, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-008-9380-x

Abstract

Losses of natural and semi-natural forests, mostly to agriculture, are a significant concern for biodiversity. Against this trend, the area of intensively managed plantation forests increases, and there is much debate about the implications for biodiversity. We provide a comprehensive review of the function of plantation forests as habitat compared with other land cover, examine the effects on biodiversity at the landscape scale, and synthesise context-specific effects of plantation forestry on biodiversity. Natural forests are usually more suitable as habitat for ...

 

Pines in cultivation: a global view

  
In Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus (1998), pp. 407-431
Keywords: ecology   pinus-spp   plantation  

Abstract

Pinus is a remarkable genus of trees with a very large distribution range in the northern hemisphere. Where they occur, pines usually form the dominant vegetation cover and are extremely important components of ecosystems. They also provide a wide range of products for human use. In many cases exploitation and other human pressures are threatening the survival of natural pine forests, although pines are also widely grown in commercial plantations, both within and outside their natural range. This book presents a ...

 

Melampsora rust species on biomass willows in central and north-eastern Germany

  
Fungal Biology, Vol. 118, No. 11. (November 2014), pp. 910-923, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funbio.2014.08.002

Abstract

Melampsora willow rusts are the most important fungal pathogens in short rotation coppices of biomass willows. In the past, breeding programmes for rust resistant biomass willows concentrated on the distinction of races within the forma specialis Melampsora larici-epitea f. sp. larici-epitea typica that colonized Salix viminalis and related clones. In a new breeding program that is based on a wider range of willow species it is necessary to identify further Melampsora species and formae specialis that are pathogens of willow species ...

 

Effect of wide spacing on tree growth, branch and sapwood properties of young Douglas-fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco] in south-western Germany

  
European Journal of Forest Research In European Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 127, No. 6. (1 October 2008), pp. 481-493, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-008-0231-9

Abstract

The influence of stand density on Douglas-fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco] is conceptually understood, but for wide spacings not well quantified, particularly in Europe. This study used 41 trees from 7 different locations in south-western Germany to compare important tree- and branch-level attributes across three different densities, namely 100, 200, and 1,200 stems ha−1. In general, there were only a few tree and branch attributes that were significantly different between the 100 and 200 ha−1 densities. Crown projection area and diameter of the ...

 

Identifying and managing the ecological risks of using introduced tree species in Sweden’s production forestry

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 307 (November 2013), pp. 165-177, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.06.059

Abstract

Introduced tree species are increasingly being considered for use in production forestry due to production targets, and demand for a diversity of wood products. However, prior to expanding their use, active consideration needs to be given to the breadth of potential ecological consequences associated with each introduced tree species. Ecological consequences include the invasion and modification of sensitive ecosystems, changes in habitat provision for native taxa, altered risk of pest and pathogen outbreaks, and hybridization with native con-generics. Here we review ...

 

Ecological consequences of Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) cultivation in Europe

  
European Journal of Forest Research In European Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 133, No. 1. (2014), pp. 13-29, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-013-0745-7

Abstract

Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) was first introduced to Europe from North America more than 150 years ago, was then planted on a large scale and is now the economically most important exotic tree species in European forests. This literature review summarizes the current knowledge on the effects of Douglas fir on soil chemistry, plants, arthropods and fungi. Douglas fir shapes its abiotic environment similarly to native tree species such as Norway spruce, silver fir or European beech. In general, many ...

 

Notes on tree planting and the use of native species in North East England

  
(May 2012)

Abstract

The purpose of this guide is to provide basic informa tion when planning woodland planting schemes for conservation and amenity purposes in Nor th East England. It is not a definitive guide to tree planting, nor is it designed to be used by commercial foresters, although it may be of value when planning conservation areas within co niferous forests. The main emphasis of this guide is focused on the pla nting of native tree species and establishing woodlands which are characteristic ...

 

Tree Root Systems. Arboricultural research and information note 130/95/ARB

  
(1995)
 

Effects of fertilization on the production of an edible forest fruit: stone pine (Pinus pinea L.) nuts in south-west Andalusia

  
Investigación Agraria: Sistemas y Recursos Forestales, Vol. 16, No. 3. (01 December 2007), pp. 241-252, https://doi.org/10.5424/srf/2007163-01013
Keywords: pinus-pinea   plantation   silviculture   spain  

Abstract

The pine nut from the stone pine (Pinus pinea L.) is the most important edible fruit in mediterranean forests. Despite this fact, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the application of agronomy techniques in stands of this species to increase pine nut production. Our study focuses on the effect of mineral fertilization on cone production and size, which in turn, are closely related to nut yield and quality. Cone production and quality was analysed in a randomized experiment installed in ...

 

Douglas-fir plantations in Europe: a retrospective test of assisted migration to address climate change

  
Global Change Biology, Vol. 20, No. 8. (August 2014), pp. 2607-2617, https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12604

Abstract

We evaluate genetic test plantations of North American Douglas-fir provenances in Europe to quantify how tree populations respond when subjected to climate regime shifts, and we examined whether bioclimate envelope models developed for North America to guide assisted migration under climate change can retrospectively predict the success of these provenance transfers to Europe. The meta-analysis is based on long-term growth data of 2800 provenances transferred to 120 European test sites. The model was generally well suited to predict the best performing ...

 

Erosion processes in steep terrain - Truths, myths, and uncertainties related to forest management in Southeast Asia

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 224, No. 1-2. (15 March 2006), pp. 199-225, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2005.12.019

Abstract

To assess the effects of forest management on soil erosion in Southeast Asia, clear distinctions must be made between surface erosion and landslide processes. Although surface erosion is a natural process, it is exacerbated by surface disturbance and compaction that reduce the soil hydraulic conductivity and break down soil aggregates. Management practices and attributes such as roads and trails, agricultural cultivation, fire, land clearing, and recreation all accelerate surface erosion processes due to their disturbance, compaction, and connectivity along hillslopes. Agroforestry ...

 

Robinia pseudoacacia L.: A Lesser Known Tree Species for Biomass Production

  
BioEnergy Research In BioEnergy Research, Vol. 2, No. 3. (2009), pp. 123-133, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12155-009-9038-x

Abstract

Experiments with fast-growing tree species for biomass production in Germany have been mainly focused on the growth performance of Populus and Salix spp. Among the lesser-known species for energy plantations is Robinia pseudoacacia L. Special features of this species are its drought tolerance and its ability to fix nitrogen. Given the large share of marginal arable land in NE-Germany and the predicted climate change, R. pseudoacacia is expected to grow in importance. In order to evaluate the growth performance of this ...

 

Large-scale recruitment limitation in Mediterranean pines: the role of Quercus ilex and forest successional advance as key regional drivers

  
Global Ecology and Biogeography (1 October 2013), pp. n/a-n/a, https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12111

Abstract

Aim Large-scale patterns of limitations in tree recruitment remain poorly described in the Mediterranean Basin, and this information is required to assess the impacts of global warming on forests. Here, we unveil the existence of opposite trends of recruitment limitation between the dominant genera Quercus and Pinus on a large scale and identify the key ecological drivers of these diverging trends. Location Spain Methods We gathered data from the Spanish National Forest inventory to assess recruitment trends for the dominant species ...

 

Are Pinus halepensis plantations useful as a restoration tool in semiarid Mediterranean areas?

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 198, No. 1-3. (23 August 2004), pp. 303-317, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2004.05.040

Abstract

In the semiarid areas of the Mediterranean basin, restoration activities during the XXth century have mainly relied on extensive plantations of Pinus halepensis, which now cover thousands of hectares. Here we review studies that have evaluated the effects of these plantations on soils, vegetation, faunal communities, and forest fires. The effects of P. halepensis plantations on soil properties are highly dependent on the planting technique employed. Plantations frequently show enhanced runoff and soil losses when compared to natural shrublands, as well ...

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