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Selection: with tag plant-communities [24 articles] 


Fire-induced deforestation in drought-prone Mediterranean forests: drivers and unknowns from leaves to communities

Ecological Monographs (22 January 2018),


Over the past 15 years, 3 million hectares of forests have been converted into shrublands or grasslands in the Mediterranean countries of the European Union. Fire and drought are the main drivers underlying this deforestation. Here we present a conceptual framework for the process of fire-induced deforestation based on the interactive effects of fire and drought across three hierarchical scales: resistance in individuals, resilience in populations, and transitions to a new state. At the individual plant level, we review the traits ...


Beyond pairwise mechanisms of species coexistence in complex communities

Nature, Vol. 546, No. 7656. (31 May 2017), pp. 56-64,


The tremendous diversity of species in ecological communities has motivated a century of research into the mechanisms that maintain biodiversity. However, much of this work examines the coexistence of just pairs of competitors. This approach ignores those mechanisms of coexistence that emerge only in diverse competitive networks. Despite the potential for these mechanisms to create conditions under which the loss of one competitor triggers the loss of others, we lack the knowledge needed to judge their importance for coexistence in nature. ...


Quaternary history and the stability of forest communities

In Forest Succession (1981), pp. 132-153,


The concept of stability of plant communities inevitably enters discussions of forest succession. Succession following disturbance often leads to restoration of the original community, which is seen as the equilibrium community for the site. In this context, succession can be viewed as a mechanism maintaining stability. ...


Effects of resource additions on species richness and ANPP in an alpine meadow community

Journal of Plant Ecology, Vol. 3, No. 1. (01 March 2010), pp. 25-31,


[Aims] Theories based on resource additions indicate that plant species richness is mainly determined by the number of limiting resources. However, the individual effects of various limiting resources on species richness and aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) are less well understood. Here, we analyzed potential linkages between additions of limiting resources, species loss and ANPP increase and further explored the underlying mechanisms. [Methods] Resources (N, P, K and water) were added in a completely randomized block design to alpine meadow plots in ...


Nutrient co-limitation of primary producer communities

Ecology Letters, Vol. 14, No. 9. (September 2011), pp. 852-862,


Synergistic interactions between multiple limiting resources are common, highlighting the importance of co-limitation as a constraint on primary production. Our concept of resource limitation has shifted over the past two decades from an earlier paradigm of single-resource limitation towards concepts of co-limitation by multiple resources, which are predicted by various theories. Herein, we summarise multiple-resource limitation responses in plant communities using a dataset of 641 studies that applied factorial addition of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in freshwater, marine and terrestrial ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 30

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   pinus-ponderosa   pinus-pungens   pinus-radiata   pinus-resinosa   pinus-rigida   pinus-rotundata   pinus-roxburghii   pinus-sabiniana   pinus-silvester   pinus-spp   pinus-strobus   pinus-sylvestriformis   pinus-sylvestris   pinus-tabulaeformis   pinus-tabuliformis   pinus-taeda   pinus-thunbergiana   pinus-thunbergii   pinus-torreyana   pinus-tropicalis   pinus-uncinata   pinus-wallichiana   pioneer-species   pip   pissodes-piceae   pissodes-spp   pissodes-strobi   pissodes-validirostris   pissodes-validirrostris   pistacia-lentiscus   pistacia-spp   pistacia-terebinthus   pistacia-vera   pith   pithecellobium-unguis-cati   pityogenes-bidentatus   pityogenes-chalcographus   pityokteines-curvidens   pityostrobus   pktools   plankton   planning   plant   plant-adaptation   plant-breeding   plant-classification   plant-climate-interactions   plant-communities   plant-community   plant-consumption   plant-dictionary   plant-diseases   plant-diversity   plant-ecology   plant-functional-types   plant-genetics   plant-growth   plant-health   plant-height   plant-invasion   plant-migration   plant-pathogens   plant-pests   plant-physiology   plant-population-dynamics   plant-populations   plant-self-defense   plant-species   plant-species-competition   plant-species-richness   plant-survival   plant-trait   plant-use   plantation   plants   plasticity   platanus-orientalis   platanus-racemosa   platanus-spp   platanus-x-hispanica   platycarya-strobilacea   platymiscium-pinnatum   platypus-sulcatus   plausibility-check   pleistocene   pleurospermum-austriacum   pleurostomophora-richardsiae   pliocene   plumeria-alba   plumeria-rubra   po-plain   poaceae   podocarpus-falcatus   poisonous-plants   poland   polar-ecological-zone   polar-region   polfc   policy  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Tree diversity limits the impact of an invasive forest pest

PLoS ONE, Vol. 10, No. 9. (11 September 2015), e0136469,


The impact of invasive herbivore species may be lower in more diverse plant communities due to mechanisms of associational resistance. According to the “resource concentration hypothesis” the amount and accessibility of host plants is reduced in diverse plant communities, thus limiting the exploitation of resources by consumers. In addition, the “natural enemy hypothesis” suggests that richer plant assemblages provide natural enemies with more complementary resources and habitats, thus promoting top down regulation of herbivores. We tested these two hypotheses by comparing ...


Les érablaies européennes: essai de synthèse

Phytocoenologia, Vol. 18, No. 4. (1990), pp. 409-564,


The comparison (by means of factorial analysis and phyto-ecological tables) of many syntaxons from the phytosociological literature leads to the recognition of six associations of maple forests: Phyllitido-Aceretum, Corydalido-Aceretum, Lunario-Aceretum, Arunco-Aceretum, Ulmo-Aceretum and Sorbo-Aceretum. For each of these associations, flora, ecology, repartition, variability and nomenclature are treated and a comparison with other mixed forests (riverside and Tilia forests) is made. The problem of the Aceri-Fraxinetum is also treated: it would be better to abandon this name, because it is too embracing ...


European Vegetation Archive (EVA): an integrated database of European vegetation plots

Applied Vegetation Science, Vol. 19, No. 1. (August 2015), pp. 173-180,
by Milan Chytrý, Stephan M. Hennekens, Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, Ilona Knollová, Jürgen Dengler, Florian Jansen, Flavia Landucci, Joop H. J. Schaminée, Svetlana Aćić, Emiliano Agrillo, Didem Ambarlı, Pierangela Angelini, Iva Apostolova, Fabio Attorre, Christian Berg, Erwin Bergmeier, Idoia Biurrun, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Henry Brisse, Juan A. Campos, Luis Carlón, Andraž Čarni, Laura Casella, János Csiky, Renata Ćušterevska, Zora Dajić Stevanović, Jiří Danihelka, Els De Bie, Patrice de Ruffray, Michele De Sanctis, W. Bernhard Dickoré, Panayotis Dimopoulos, Dmytro Dubyna, Tetiana Dziuba, Rasmus Ejrnaes, Nikolai Ermakov, Jörg Ewald, Giuliano Fanelli, Federico Fernández-González, Úna FitzPatrick, Xavier Font, Itziar García-Mijangos, Rosario G. Gavilán, Valentin Golub, Riccardo Guarino, Rense Haveman, Adrian Indreica, Deniz Işık Gürsoy, Ute Jandt, John A. M. Janssen, Martin Jiroušek, Zygmunt Kącki, Ali Kavgacı, Martin Kleikamp, Vitaliy Kolomiychuk, Mirjana Krstivojević Ćuk, Daniel Krstonošić, Anna Kuzemko, Jonathan Lenoir, Tatiana Lysenko, Corrado Marcenò, Vassiliy Martynenko, Dana Michalcová, Jesper E. Moeslund, Viktor Onyshchenko, Hristo Pedashenko, Aaron Pérez-Haase, Tomáš Peterka, Vadim Prokhorov, Valerijus Rašomavičius, Maria P. Rodríguez-Rojo, John S. Rodwell, Tatiana Rogova, Eszter Ruprecht, Solvita Rūsiņa, Gunnar Seidler, Jozef Šibík, Urban Šilc, Željko Škvorc, Desislava Sopotlieva, Zvjezdana Stančić, Jens-Christian Svenning, Grzegorz Swacha, Ioannis Tsiripidis, Pavel D. Turtureanu, Emin Uğurlu, Domas Uogintas, Milan Valachovič, Yulia Vashenyak, Kiril Vassilev, Roberto Venanzoni, Risto Virtanen, Lynda Weekes, Wolfgang Willner, Thomas Wohlgemuth, Sergey Yamalov


The European Vegetation Archive (EVA) is a centralized database of European vegetation plots developed by the IAVS Working Group European Vegetation Survey. It has been in development since 2012 and first made available for use in research projects in 2014. It stores copies of national and regional vegetation- plot databases on a single software platform. Data storage in EVA does not affect on-going independent development of the contributing databases, which remain the property of the data contributors. EVA uses a prototype ...


New and validated high-rank syntaxa from Europe

Lazaroa, Vol. 30 (2009), pp. 267-276


In the course of the compilation of a checklist of the high-rank syntaxa of Europe, it turned out that for several syntaxa no valid and legitimate names were available. With this contribution, we aim to solve some of the problems by publishing or validating seven syntaxon names (1 order, 5 alliances, 1 association) and by proposing a nomen novum for one illegitimate alliance name. The validations concern the Artemisio albi -Brometalia erecti (Festuco-Brometea; xerophytic basiphilous grasslands in subatlantic-submediterranean Europe), Dictamno albi-Ferulagion ...


Die Pflanzengesellschaften Mecklenburg-Vorpommerns und ihre Gefährdung


Pflanzensoziologie: Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde


Standards for associations and alliances of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification

Ecological Monographs, Vol. 79, No. 2. (May 2009), pp. 173-199,


This article provides guidelines for the description, documentation, and review of proposals for new or revised plant associations and alliances to be recognized as units of vegetation within the U.S. National Vegetation Classification (NVC). By setting forth standards for field records, analysis, description, peer review, and archiving, the Ecological Society of America's Vegetation Classification Panel, in collaboration with the U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee, NatureServe, and others, seeks to advance our common understanding of vegetation and improve our capability to sustain ...


Twenty years of numerical syntaxonomy

Vegetatio In Vegetatio, Vol. 81, No. 1-2. (1989), pp. 1-15,


The development of numerical syntaxonomy during its first 20 yr is reviewed. The use of methods of numerical classification and ordination is the dominating feature of the development. National and local phytosociological data banks were established, large data sets handled and many important vegetation monographs were methodically based on multivariate data analysis. Particularly the development in Italy, the Netherlands, Czechoslovakia, and Sweden contributed to new theoretical elements of numerical syntaxonomy. Ordination became a common tool of searching for reticulate synsystematic relations ...


Thermophilization of adult and juvenile tree communities in the northern tropical Andes

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 112, No. 34. (25 August 2015), pp. 10744-10749,


[Significance] Understanding how species respond to climate change is crucial to the development of effective conservation strategies. We found directional and systematic changes in the composition of both adult and juvenile tree species in tropical north Andean forests at rates consistent with concurrent temperature increases, supporting the hypothesis of upward species migrations resulting from global warming. Our results indicate that compositional shifts occur primarily via range retractions. This suggests elevated risk for species extinctions and local biodiversity loss with ongoing warming. Other ...


Combining plant and animal traits to assess community functional responses to disturbance

Ecography, Vol. 32, No. 2. (1 April 2009), pp. 299-309,


There is a general consensus that functional traits are reliable indicators of adaptation of organisms to particular environmental characteristics. In this study we relate the combined distributions of species traits of plants and animals to disturbance regimes in chestnut forests of southern Switzerland affected by regular winter fires. We used co-inertia analysis for combining the trait response of 471 invertebrate species (117 001 individuals) and 81 plant species at 23 sites with different fire and cutting histories. Trait response was assessed by ...


Syntaxonomische Revision der sudmitteleuropaischen Buchenwalder

Phytocoenologia, Vol. 32, No. 3. (September 2002), pp. 337-453


For beech forests of Central Europe (including the Illyrian region) a great number of different and more or less incompatible classification approaches can be found. In order to critically revise the syntaxonomy of Central European beech forests, a TWINSPAN analysis of 5815 relevés from all over the area (mostly compiled from literature) was made. The result corresponds with the classical conception of three main groups of beech forests: 1. thermophilous beech forests (Cephalanthero-Fagion), 2. mesophilous beech forests (Asperulo-Fagion) and 3. acidophilous ...


Plant communities of the Scottish Highlands - A study of Scottish mountain, moorland and forest vegetation


Syntaxonomy, chorology and dynamics of Carpinus orientalis communities in Central Italy

Phytocoenologia, Vol. 31, No. 1. (2001), pp. 33-62


This paper deals with the synecological and syndynamic aspects of the Carpinus orientalis communities of the Ausoni mountains. The Ausoni are a large limestone massif of southern Lazio (Tyrrhenian district of Central Italy), the bioclimatic features of which are well suited to the ecological requirements of Carpinus orientalis. The new association Lonicero etruscae-Carpinetum orientalis is introduced here. A thermophilous aspect of this association (Lonicero-Carpinetum orientalis phillyreetosum latifoliae) is also identified. From a syndynamic standpoint Carpinus orientalis woodlands are secondary communities following ...


Les écosystèmes préforestiers et forestiers de l'Iran

Ecologia Mediterranea, Vol. 8, No. 1/2. (1982), pp. 365-380


[Excerpt] Les travaux engagés par le laboratoire de Botanique et Ecologie méditerranéenne dans le cadre de la RCP 427 du C.N.R.S. ont permis de mettre en place le canevas phytoécologique des principales formations forestières de méditerranée occidentale. [\n] Ces recherches interdisciplinaires réalisées souvent avec la collaboration active des chercheurs des principaux pays du Bassin méditerranéen oriental ont associé des Phytoécologues, des forestiers, des pédologues, des climatologues et ont donné lieu à plusieurs publications. [\n] Parmi les principales, citons: Au Liban: ABI-SALEH, BARBERO, NAHAL, QUEZEL (1 976), ABI-SALEH (1978) En ...


Photosynthetic pathways and habitats of grasses in Golestan National Park (NE Iran), with an emphasis on the C4-grass dominated rock communities

Phytocoenologia, Vol. 32, No. 3. (September 2002), pp. 455-501,


The easternmost parts of the Caspian forests in Iran, in which Golestan National Park is located, provide a transition zone between the Hyrcanian forests, the juniper woodlands, the montane and the Artemisia steppes. The diverse climatic, topographic and edaphic features of the area provide a wide spectrum of biotope diversity suited well for ecological investigations, and particularly for studying ecological distribution of C4 and C3 plants. Using the carbon isotope composition method, the delta 13C values for 103 grasses occurring in ...


A review of the plant communities associated with Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in Europe, and an evaluation of putative indicator/specialist species

Forest Systems, Vol. 9, No. S1. (2000), pp. 15-39


Plant communities dominated by Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine) occur over an extraordinarily wide range of climatic and edaphic conditions. The salient features of communities from different parts of Europe are outlined, drawing mainly on phytosociological literature. The degree to which a number of specialist species (mainly mycotrophic herbs) are associated with Scots pine is assessed. We conclude that no species or species group is associated with Scots pine through all or even most of its geographic and edaphic range. It follows ...


Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas l.) communities in the upper basin of Olt river

Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov, Vol. 3, No. 52. (2010), pp. 61-66


The paper describes the vegetation communities dominated by Cornus mas identified in the south-eastern Transiylvania. For ten relevees within the studied area, floristic composition and site conditions are presented. The physiognomy and the mixture of xerophilous and mesophilous species are characteristic. Using the cluster analysis method the author outlined the floristic similarity with some woody vegetation units on limestone gorges described from Romania. Tilio-Fraxinetum is the most suitable syntaxon. ...


Constraints and trade-offs in Mediterranean plant communities: The case of holm oak-Aleppo pine forests

The Botanical Review, Vol. 66, No. 1. (2000), pp. 119-149,


In this paper we review those aspects that are relevant to the development of a mechanistic ecological theory to account for the structure and dynamics of Mediterranean forests, focusing our attention on mixed forests of holm oak (Quercus ilex L.), a shade-tolerant, slowgrowing species that resprouts vigorously after disturbance, and Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis M.), a fast-growing, nonresprouting, shade-intolerant species. The main objectives of this report are: to introduce some of the primary features of these forests, showing their structural complexity ...

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INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.