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Selection: with tag pinus-spp [48 articles] 

 

Pest categorisation of Pseudocercospora pini-densiflorae

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 15, No. 11. (November 2017), e05029, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.5029

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Plant Health (PLH) Panel performed a pest categorisation of Pseudocercospora pini-densiflorae, a well-defined and distinguishable fungal species of the family Mycosphaerellaceae. The regulated harmful organism is the anamorph Cercoseptoria pini-densiflorae (synonym Cercospora pini-densiflorae) with the corresponding teleomorph Mycosphaerella gibsonii. P. pini-densiflorae causes a needle blight of Pinus spp. also known as Cercospora blight of pines or Cercospora needle blight. P. pini-densiflorae is reported from sub-Saharan Africa, Central and South America, Asia and ...

References

  1. Anon, 2015. PM 7/46 (3) Lecanosticta acicola (formerly Mycosphaerella dearnessii), Dothistroma septosporum (formerly Mycosphaerella pini) and Dothistroma pini. EPPO Bulletin 45, 163–182.
  2. Bossard, M., Feranec, J., Otahel, J., 2000. CORINE land cover technical guide - addendum 2000. Tech. Rep. 40, European Environment Agency. https://www.eea.europa.eu/ds_resolveuid/032TFUPGVR .
  3. Büttner, G., Kosztra, B., Maucha, G., Pataki, R., 2012. Implementation and achievements of CLC2006. Tech. rep., European Environment Agency. http://www.eea.europa.eu/ds_resolveuid/GQ4JECM8TB .
 

Pest categorisation of Gremmeniella abietina

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 15, No. 11. (November 2017), e05030, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.5030

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Plant Health (PLH) Panel performed a pest categorisation of Gremmeniella abietina, a well-defined species and distinguishable fungus of the family Godroniaceae. The species G. abietina includes several varieties, races and biotypes that are found in different geographical locations, on different hosts and that vary in aggressiveness. The pathogen causes diseases on Pinus species and other conifers such as Abies spp., Picea spp., Larix spp. and Pseudotsuga spp. known as Scleroderris canker in ...

References

  1. Ahlqvist, B., Karlman, M., Witzell, J., 1996. Gremmeniella-infected Pinus contorta as raw material in the production of kraft pulp. European Journal of Forest Pathology 26, 113–121.
  2. Anon, 2009. PM 7/92(1): Gremmeniella abietina. EPPO Bulletin 39, 310–317.
  3. Barbeito, I., Brücker, R., Rixen, C., Bebi, P., 2013. Snow fungi-induced mortality of Pinus cembra at the alpine treeline: evidence from plantations. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 45, 455–470.
  4. Bernhold, A., Witzell,
 

Pest categorisation of Ips cembrae

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 15, No. 11. (October 2017), e05039, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.5039

Abstract

The Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of the large larch bark beetle, Ips cembrae (Heer) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae), for the EU. I. cembrae is a well-defined and distinguishable species, native to Europe and recognised mainly as a pest of larch (Larix spp.) and occasionally of pine (Pinus spp.) and spruce (Picea spp.). It is distributed in 16 Member States of the EU and listed in Annex IIB of Council Directive 2000/29/EC. Protected zones are in place in ...

References

  1. Balachowsky, A., 1949. Faune de France. 50 Coleoptères Scolytides. Lechevalier, Paris. 320 pp.
  2. Balogun, R.A., 1970. The life-history and habits of the larch bark beetle, Ips cembrae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), in the North-East of Scotland. The Canadian Entomologist 102, 226–239.
  3. Bossard, M., Feranec, J., Otahel, J., 2000. CORINE land cover technical guide - Addendum 2000. Technical Report 40, European Environment Agency. https://www.eea.europa.eu/ds_resolveuid/032TFUPGVR , INRMM-MiD:13106045 .
  4. Bright, D.E.,
 

Pest categorisation of Ips duplicatus

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 15, No. 10. (October 2017), e05040, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.5040

Abstract

The Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of the double-spined bark beetle, Ips duplicatus (Sahlberg, 1836) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae), for the EU. I. duplicatus is a well-defined and distinguishable species, native to Europe and attacking mainly spruce (Picea spp.) but also observed on pine (Pinus spp.) and larch (Larix spp.). It is distributed in 15 EU Member States and is locally spreading in some of them. I. duplicatus is listed in Annex IIB of Council Directive 2000/29/EC. Protected zones ...

References

  1. Bakke, A., 1975. Aggregation pheromone in the bark beetle Ips duplicatus. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 22(1), 67–70.
  2. Balachowsky, A., 1949. Faune de France. 50. Coleoptères Scolytides. Lechevalier, Paris, 320 pp.
  3. Bossard, M., Feranec, J., Otahel, J., 2000. CORINE land cover technical guide - Addendum 2000. Tech. Rep. 40, European Environment Agency. https://www.eea.europa.eu/ds_resolveuid/032TFUPGVR , INRMM-MiD:13106045 .
  4. Bright, D.E., Skidmore, R.E., 2002. A catalogue of Scolytidae and Platypodidae
 

Pest categorisation of Ips amitinus

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 15, No. 10. (October 2017), e05038, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.5038

Abstract

The Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of the small spruce bark beetle, Ips amitinus (Eichhoff) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae), for the EU. I. amitinus is a well-defined and distinguishable species, native to Europe and attacking mainly spruce (Picea spp.) and pine (Pinus spp.) and sporadically fir (Abies spp.) and larch (Larix spp.). It is distributed in 16 EU Member States and is locally spreading in some. The pest is listed in Annex IIB of Council Directive 2000/29/EC. Protected zones ...

References

  1. Bakke, A., 1968. Ecological studies on bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) associated with Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in Norway with particular reference to the influence of temperature. Meddelelser fra det Norske Skogsforsoksvesen 21, 441–602.
  2. Balachowsky, A., 1949. Faune de France. 50. Coleoptères Scolytides. Lechevalier, Paris. 320 pp.
  3. Bossard, M., Feranec, J., Otahel, J., 2000. CORINE land cover technical guide - Addendum 2000. Tech. Rep. 40, European Environment Agency. https://www.eea.europa.eu/ds_resolveuid/032TFUPGVR
 

Pest categorisation of Ips sexdentatus

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 15, No. 11. (November 2017), e04999, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4999

Abstract

The Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of the six-toothed bark beetle, Ips sexdentatus (Börner) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae), for the EU. I. sexdentatus is a well-defined and distinguishable species, native to Eurasia and recognised mainly as a pest of pine (Pinus spp., in the pest's whole range) and spruce (mainly Picea orientalis in Turkey and Georgia). It also might occasionally attack Larix spp. and Abies spp. It is distributed throughout the EU (24 Member States). It is a protected ...

References

  1. Agbaba, S.N., Celepirovic, N., 2008. Health condition of the forest vegetation on the island of Veliki Brijun, National Park Brijuni, Croatia. Radovi Sumarskog Fakulteta Univerziteta u Sarajevu 38, 35–45.
  2. Arefin, V.S., 1983. A method of estimating Ips sexdentatus Coleoptera Ipidae density of egg production. Lesovedenie 1, 56–59.
  3. Bakke, A., 1968. Ecological studies on bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) associated with Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in Norway with particular reference to the
 

Effects of phosphite in Pinus radiata - Fusarium circinatum interaction

  
(2016)

Abstract

The pitch canker, caused by the fungus Fusarium circinatum, is a disease under quarantine measures affecting Pinus spp. and Pseudotsuga menziesii worldwide. Characterized by the formation of large resinous cankers that girdle shoots, branches, and trunks, leads to the death of the host. To date, there are no means for the control of the pitch canker and, with the growing need to reduce the use of fungicides, another approaches must be studied. A method for the control of phytopathogenic diseases is ...

References


  1. Aguín, O., Mansilla, J. P., Sainz, M. J., 2006. In vitro selection of an effective fungicide against Armillaria mellea and control of white root rot of grapevine in the field. Pest Management Science 62(3), 223-228. https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.1149 .
  2. Ahmad, P., John, R., Sarwat, M., Umar, S., 2008. Responses of proline, lipid peroxidation and antioxidative enzymes in two varieties of Pisum sativum L. under salt stress. International Journal of Plant Production 2(4), 353-366.
 

Climate-driven tree mortality: insights from the piñon pine die-off in the United States

  
New Phytologist, Vol. 200, No. 2. (October 2013), pp. 301-303, https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.12464

Abstract

The global climate is changing, and a range of negative effects on plants has already been observed and will likely continue into the future. One of the most apparent consequences of climate change is widespread tree mortality (Fig. 1). Extensive tree die-offs resulting from recent climate change have been documented across a range of forest types on all forested continents (Allen et al., 2010). The exact physiological mechanisms causing this mortality are not yet well understood (e.g. McDowell, 2011), but they ...

 

Pest categorisation of Ips typographus

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 15, No. 7. (July 2017), 4881, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4881

Abstract

The Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of the eight-toothed spruce bark beetle, Ips typographus L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae), for the EU. I. typographus is a well-defined and distinguishable species, recognised mainly as a pest of spruce (Picea spp.) in Eurasia. It also attacks other conifers such as Abies spp., Larix spp., Pinus spp. and Pseudotsuga menziesii. Native to Eurasia, I. typographus has spread from the native range of spruce to new areas in Eurasia where spruce has been ...

References

  1. Anderbrant, O., 1990. Gallery construction and oviposition of the bark beetle Ips typographus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) at different breeding densities. Ecological Entomology 15, 1–8.
  2. Bakke, A., 1970. Evidence of a population aggregating pheromone in Ips typographus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Contributions from Boyce Thompson Institute 24, 309–310.
  3. Bakke, A., 1976. Spruce bark beetle, Ips typographus: pheromone production and field response to synthetic pheromones. Naturwissenschaften 63, 92–92.
  4. Bakke, A., 1989. The recent
 

Pest categorisation of Dendroctonus micans

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 15, No. 7. (July 2017), 4880, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4880

Abstract

The Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of the great spruce bark beetle, Dendroctonus micans (Kugelann), (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae), for the EU. D. micans is a well-defined and distinguishable species, recognised mainly as a pest of spruce (Picea spp.) and pine (Pinus spp.) in Eurasia. Attacks on other conifers (Abies spp., Larix decidua, Pseudotsuga menziesii) are also reported. Supposedly originating from north-eastern Eurasia, D. micans has spread westward and is now distributed throughout the EU (22 Member States). It ...

References

  1. Akinci, H.A., Ozcan, G.E., Eroglu, M., 2009. Impacts of site effects on losses of oriental spruce during Dendroctonus micans (Kug.) outbreaks in Turkey. African Journal of Biotechnology 8, 3934–3939. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/62085 .
  2. Balachowsky, A., 1949. Faune de France. 50. Coleoptères Scolytides. Lechevalier, Paris, 320 pp.
  3. Bergmiller, F., 1903. Dendroctonus micans und Rhizophagus grandis. Zentralblatt für das gesamte Forstwesen, 29, 252–256.
  4. Bevan, D., King, C.J., 1983. Dendroctonus micans
 

Modelling potential impacts of climate change on the bioclimatic envelope of species in Britain and Ireland

  
Global Ecology and Biogeography, Vol. 11, No. 6. (November 2002), pp. 453-462, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2002.00304.x

Abstract

[Aim] Climate change has the potential to have significant impacts on the distribution of species and on the composition of habitats. This paper identifies the potential changes in the future distribution of species under the UKCIP98 climate change scenarios, in order that such changes can be taken into account in conservation management. [Location] The model was applied to Britain and Ireland. [Methods] A model based on an artificial neural network was used to predict the changing bioclimate envelopes of species in Britain and ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 26

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   pinus-brutia   pinus-bungeana   pinus-canariensis   pinus-caribaea   pinus-cembra   pinus-clausa   pinus-contorta   pinus-coulteri   pinus-densiflora   pinus-echinata   pinus-edulis   pinus-elliottii   pinus-flexilis   pinus-halepensis   pinus-heldreichii   pinus-jeffreyi   pinus-kesiya   pinus-koraiensis   pinus-lambertiana   pinus-leiophylla   pinus-leucodermis   pinus-longaeva   pinus-massoniana   pinus-merkusii   pinus-monophylla   pinus-monticola   pinus-mugo   pinus-mugo-ssp-rotundata   pinus-muricata   pinus-nigra   pinus-nigra-laricio   pinus-nigra-var-pallasiana   pinus-oocarpa   pinus-orientalis   pinus-pallasiana   pinus-palustris   pinus-peuce   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-ponderosa   pinus-pungens   pinus-radiata   pinus-resinosa   pinus-rigida   pinus-rotundata   pinus-roxburghii   pinus-sabiniana   pinus-silvester   pinus-spp   pinus-strobus   pinus-sylvestriformis   pinus-sylvestris   pinus-tabulaeformis   pinus-tabuliformis   pinus-taeda   pinus-thunbergiana   pinus-thunbergii   pinus-torreyana   pinus-tropicalis   pinus-uncinata   pinus-wallichiana   pioneer-species   pip   pissodes-piceae   pissodes-spp   pissodes-strobi   pistacia-lentiscus   pistacia-spp   pistacia-terebinthus   pistacia-vera   pith   pithecellobium-unguis-cati   pityogenes-chalcographus   pityokteines-curvidens   pityostrobus   pktools   planning   plant   plant-adaptation   plant-breeding   plant-classification   plant-climate-interactions   plant-communities   plant-community   plant-consumption   plant-dictionary   plant-diseases   plant-diversity   plant-ecology   plant-functional-types   plant-genetics   plant-health   plant-height   plant-invasion   plant-migration   plant-pathogens   plant-pests   plant-physiology   plant-population-dynamics  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

Tolerance to shade, drought, and waterlogging of temperate northern hemisphere trees and shrubs

  
Ecological Monographs, Vol. 76, No. 4. (November 2006), pp. 521-547, https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9615(2006)076[0521:ttsdaw]2.0.co;2

Abstract

Lack of information on ecological characteristics of species across different continents hinders development of general world-scale quantitative vegetation dynamic models. We constructed common scales of shade, drought, and waterlogging tolerance for 806 North American, European/West Asian, and East Asian temperate shrubs and trees representing about 40% of the extant natural Northern Hemisphere species pool. These scales were used to test the hypotheses that shade tolerance is negatively related to drought and waterlogging tolerances, and that these correlations vary among continents and ...

 

Outbreak of Pitch Canker caused by Fusarium circinatum on Pinus spp. in Northern Spain

  
Plant Disease, Vol. 89, No. 9. (September 2005), pp. 1015-1015, https://doi.org/10.1094/pd-89-1015a

Abstract

During the winter of 2003-2004, dieback symptoms were observed on Pinus radiata and P. pinaster in pine nurseries in Asturias (northern Spain). Small groups of affected seedlings appeared randomly distributed throughout the nurseries. The seedlings died rapidly, showing basal needle dieback, stem lesions, resin exudations, and wilting. Isolations from infected material onto potato dextrose agar (PDA) supplemented with 0.5 mg/ml of streptomycin sulfate and Komada's medium consistently yielded Fusarium sp. cultures. The isolates were transferred to PDA and Spezieller Nährstoffarmer agar ...

 

Occurrence of Phytophthora multivora and Phytophthora plurivora in the Czech Republic

  
Plant Protection Science, Vol. 49 (2013), pp. 155-164

Abstract

Beginning in 2006, a survey of two related Phytophthora species, P. multivora and P. plurivora, was performed in the Czech Republic. Both pathogens were distributed throughout a broad range of environments including forest and riparian stands and probably became naturalised in the country. The two species differed in their frequency and elevational distribution. P. multivora was less frequent, but commonly occurred in the lowest regions such as Central Bohemia and South Moravia, i.e. areas which generally exhibit a high level of ...

 

Do tree species influence soil carbon stocks in temperate and boreal forests?

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 309 (December 2013), pp. 4-18, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.01.017

Abstract

Information on tree species effects on soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks is scattered and there have been few attempts to synthesize results for forest floor and mineral soil C pools. We reviewed and synthesized current knowledge of tree species effects on SOC stocks in temperate and boreal forests based on common garden, retrospective paired stand and retrospective single-tree studies. There was evidence of consistent tree species effects on SOC stocks. Effects were clearest for forest floor C stocks (23 of 24 ...

 

The late Quaternary dynamics of pines in Europe

  
In Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus (1998), pp. 107-121
Keywords: europe   late-quaternary   pinus-spp  
 

Fire resistance of European pines

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 256, No. 3. (July 2008), pp. 246-255, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2008.04.032

Abstract

Pine resistance to low- to moderate-intensity fire arises from traits (namely related to tissue insulation from heat) that enable tree survival. Predictive models of the likelihood of tree mortality after fire are quite valuable to assist decision-making after wildfire and to plan prescribed burning. Data and models pertaining to the survival of European pines following fire are reviewed. The type and quality of the current information on fire resistance of the various European species is quite variable. Data from low-intensity fire ...

 

Evolution of life histories in Pinus

  
In Ecology and biogeography of Pinus (1998), pp. 219-250

Abstract

Pinus is a remarkable genus of trees with a very large distribution range in the northern hemisphere. Where they occur, pines usually form the dominant vegetation cover and are extremely important components of ecosystems. They also provide a wide range of products for human use. In many cases exploitation and other human pressures are threatening the survival of natural pine forests, although pines are also widely grown in commercial plantations, both within and outside their natural range. This book presents a ...

 

Predicting soil erosion with RUSLE in Mediterranean agricultural systems at catchment scale

  
Soil Science, Vol. 174, No. 5. (May 2009), pp. 272-282, https://doi.org/10.1097/ss.0b013e3181a4bf50

Abstract

Accurate assessment of soil loss is essential for sustainable agricultural production, management, and conservation planning, especially in productive rain-fed agroecosystems and protected areas. The European Union considers soil as a nonrenewable resource and identifies that soil degradation has strong impacts on soil and water resources. In this work, the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation model was applied within a geographic information system in the Estaña catchment (Spanish pre-Pyrenees) as representative of a Mediterranean agroecosystem to elaborate a map of soil erosion ...

 

Host preferences of the gypsy moth in eastern North American versus European forests

  
Revue d'Entomologie du Quebec, Vol. 31, No. 1-2. (1986), pp. 43-51

Abstract

The host preferences reported for gypsy month, Lymantria dispar (L.) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae), are compiled and compared for temperate zone forests in Europe versus eastern North America. Species of Larix, Salix, Populus, Betula, Alnus, Ostrya, Fagus, Quercus, Castanea, Amelanchier, Crataegus, Prunus, Sorbus, Malus, and Tilia are clearly preferred by gypsy moth larvae in both Europe and North America. North American species of Carya, Sassafras, Hamamelis, Rhus, and Nyssa are acceptable but species of Maclura, Morus, Liriodendron, Platanus, Gleditsia, Robinia, Gymmocladus, Ilex, Diospyros, ...

 

Pinus L.

  
In Flora Europaea, Volume 1: Psilotaceae to Platanaceae (1993), pp. 40-44

Abstract

Published in five volumes, Flora Europaea is the definitive account of the flowering plants, ferns and fern-allies of Europe, covering all plants growing in the wild, including many naturalized species and all widely cultivated crop species. It provides full keys and concise descriptions of families, genera, species and subspecies, together with bibliographic details for accepted species, summaries of geographical distribution, chromosome numbers and habitat information. This new edition of Volume 1 brings the treatment of the first 79 families up to ...

 

Vegetative reproduction of trees in some European natural forests

  
Vegetatio, Vol. 72, No. 2. (1987), pp. 103-110

Abstract

Various means of vegetative reproduction in unexploited forests in western Europe are illustrated with examples. Root suckers are sometimes almost the only method of forest regeneration near the limits of tree growth on the Wadden islands and they can play an important role in forest gaps and riverine forests. Trunk suckers finally replacing their parent trees occur in Alnus, Tilia and Ulmus. Partial uprooting of trees, favoured by special soil conditions, was shown to be an important condition for vegetative reproduction. ...

 

Biogenic volatile organic compounds in the Earth system

  
New Phytologist, Vol. 183, No. 1. (July 2009), pp. 27-51, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.02859.x

Abstract

Biogenic volatile organic compounds produced by plants are involved in plant growth, development, reproduction and defence. They also function as communication media within plant communities, between plants and between plants and insects. Because of the high chemical reactivity of many of these compounds, coupled with their large mass emission rates from vegetation into the atmosphere, they have significant effects on the chemical composition and physical characteristics of the atmosphere. Hence, biogenic volatile organic compounds mediate the relationship between the biosphere and ...

 

Calibrated pollen accumulation rates as a basis for quantitative tree biomass reconstructions

  
The Holocene, Vol. 19, No. 2. (01 March 2009), pp. 209-220, https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683608100565

Abstract

Recent investigations show that the pollen accumulation rate (PAR) of the common tree taxa is directly related to the biomass and, by inference, to the population size of the taxa around the study site. Fossil PAR records preserved in lakes provide therefore a potential proxy for quantitative biomass and population reconstructions. We use the high-resolution PAR records obtained from two accurately dated lake sediment cores in Finland to generate quantitative Holocene biomass records for Pinus, Picea and Betula, the most common ...

 

An overview of the geobotanical structure of Turkish Pinus sylvestris and Carpinus betulus forests

  
Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. 40, No. 4. (2008), pp. 1497-1520

Abstract

Pinus L. and Carpinus L. are the two widely distributed genera of higher plants being represented by 80 and 170 species respectively. Th e former has 5 species in Turkey and latter 2 species namely; P.pinea, P.halepensis, P.br utia, P.sylvestris, P.nigra ssp. pallasiana, Carpinus betulus and C.orientalis . In this paper an attempt has been made to present an overview of the geobotanical structure of Pinus sylvestris L. ...

 

Wooden foundation piles and its underestimated relevance for cultural heritage

  
Journal of Cultural Heritage, Vol. 13, No. 3, Supplement. (2012), pp. S123-S128, https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2012.02.014

Abstract

For centuries, wooden pile constructions support buildings in areas with unstable soils in Europe, and many other parts of the world. Depending on the local soil conditions and the building above, pile foundations differ in construction type, pile length, timber species and timber quality applied and the degree of conservation. It is estimated that millions of wooden foundation piles are still in service, carrying small buildings like family houses, or bigger buildings like churches and palaces or constructions in water-like quay ...

 

The Woody Flora of Bulgaria: A Review

  
Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Forstwesen, Vol. 152, No. 2. (2001), pp. 52-60, https://doi.org/10.3188/szf.2001.0052

Abstract

This review presents a brief survey of the Bulgarian dendroflora. The country is situated in the transition zone between the continental and Mediterranean climate and, therefore, considerable habitat diversity exists on its territory. About 370 species – trees, shrubs and sub-shrubs – have been established up until today. An overview of the species’ diversity, woody formations and their distribution is presented. The data show that Bulgaria is characterised by a relatively rich dendroflora that needs appropriate close-to-nature management and measures for its ...

 

Ecology and biogeography of Pinus

  
(1998)

Abstract

"Pinus is a remarkable genus comprising at least 111 tree species with a very large distribution range in the northern hemisphere. Where they occur, pines usually form the dominant vegetation cover and are extremely important components of ecosystems. They also provide a wide range of products for human use. In many cases exploitation and other human pressures are threatening the survival of natural pine forests, although pines are now also widely grown in commercial plantations, both within and outside their natural ...

 

Flora of the USSR - Volume I: Archegoniatae and Embryophyta

  
Vol. 1 (1970)

Abstract

Described tree species: Conifers ...

 

Forest pathogens with higher damage potential due to climate change in Europe

  
Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 30, No. 2. (1 April 2008), pp. 177-195, https://doi.org/10.1080/07060661.2008.10540534
Keywords: abies-alba   alnus-cordata   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-incana   alnus-viridis   alpine-region   armillaria-spp   biscogniauxia-mediterranea   biscogniauxia-nummularia   carpinus-betulus   castanea-sativa   ceratocystis-platani   climate-change   corylus-avellana   cryphonectria-parasitica   cupressus-arizonica   cupressus-macrocarpa   cupressus-sempervirens   diplodia-pinea   dothistroma-pini   dothistroma-septosporum   droughts   dutch-elm-disease   europe   fagus-sylvatica   forest-pests   global-warming   gremmeniella-abietina   heterobasidion   heterobasidion-abietinum   heterobasidion-annosum   leptographium-spp   megastigmus-wachtli   mycosphaerella-pini   oak-decline   olea-europaea   ophiostoma-novo-ulmi   ophiostoma-ulmi   phytophthora-alni   phytophthora-cinnamomi   phytophthora-polonica   picea-abies   pinus-banksiana   pinus-cembra   pinus-contorta   pinus-halepensis   pinus-nigra   pinus-pallasiana   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-radiata   pinus-spp   pinus-sylvestris   platanus-spp   pseudotsuga   quercus-cerris   quercus-ilex   quercus-petraea   quercus-pubescens   quercus-robur   quercus-rotundifolia   quercus-spp   quercus-suber   scirrhia-pini   secondary-opportunistic-pest   seiridium-cardinale   seiridium-spp   silver-fir-decline   species-decline   sphaeropsis-sapinea   temperate-mountain-system   ulmus-glabra  

Abstract

Abstract Most atmospheric scientists agree that climate changes are going to increase the mean temperature in Europe with increased frequency of climatic extremes, such as drought, floods, and storms. Under such conditions, there is high probability that forests will be subject to increased frequency and intensity of stress due to climatic extremes. Therefore, impacts of climate change on forest health should be carefully evaluated. Given these assumptions, several fungal diseases on trees may become more devastating because of the following factors: ...

 

Pine invasions in the southern hemisphere: modelling interactions between organism, environment and disturbance

  
Plant Ecology In Plant Ecology, Vol. 135, No. 1. (1998), pp. 79-93, https://doi.org/10.1023/a%3a1009760512895

Abstract

Current theories of plant invasion have been criticized for their limited heuristic and predictive value. We explore the heuristic and predictive potential of a model which explicitly simulates the mechanisms of plant invasion. The model, a spatially-explicit individual-based simulation, is applied to the invasion of pine trees (Pinus spp.; Pinaceae) in three vegetation types in the southern hemisphere. The model simulates factors which have been invoked as major determinants of invasive success: plant traits, environmental features and disturbance level. Results show ...

 

What makes a species invasive?

  
In Plant invasions: general aspects and special problems (1995), pp. 3-13
Keywords: invasive-species   pinus-spp  

Abstract

The results of an analysis of characters associated with species invasiveness indicated that invasiveness of Pinus spp. was negatively correlated with mean seed mass, minimum juvenile period and mean interval between large seed crops. It is argued that a discriminant function based on these 3 characters can be used to detect invasive pines and for preliminary screening of invasive woody weeds in other groups of seed plants. Low nuclear DNA content (genome size) was thought to result from selection for minimum ...

 

Pines of the Mediterranean Basin

  
In Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus (1998), pp. 153-170

Abstract

Pinus is a remarkable genus of trees with a very large distribution range in the northern hemisphere. Where they occur, pines usually form the dominant vegetation cover and are extremely important components of ecosystems. They also provide a wide range of products for human use. In many cases exploitation and other human pressures are threatening the survival of natural pine forests, although pines are also widely grown in commercial plantations, both within and outside their natural range. This book presents a ...

 

Pines in cultivation: a global view

  
In Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus (1998), pp. 407-431
Keywords: ecology   pinus-spp   plantation  

Abstract

Pinus is a remarkable genus of trees with a very large distribution range in the northern hemisphere. Where they occur, pines usually form the dominant vegetation cover and are extremely important components of ecosystems. They also provide a wide range of products for human use. In many cases exploitation and other human pressures are threatening the survival of natural pine forests, although pines are also widely grown in commercial plantations, both within and outside their natural range. This book presents a ...

 

Post-Fire Management of Non-Serotinous Pine Forests

  
In Post-Fire Management and Restoration of Southern European Forests, Vol. 24 (2012), pp. 151-170, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2208-8_7

Abstract

This chapter analyzes the post-fire management of non serotinous pine forests. These pine species do not regenerate after fire and depend on the arrival of seeds from the unburned vegetation to recover after wildfires. The chapter starts with an overview of the ecological context of these forests, from their distribution, vegetation composition and importance to their response after fire. Then it introduces the main issues and alternatives of post-fire management, and concludes with two case studies, one in the western and ...

 

Ecology and biogeography of Pinus: an introduction

  
In Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus (1998)

Abstract

Pinus is a remarkable genus of trees with a very large distribution range in the northern hemisphere. Where they occur, pines usually form the dominant vegetation cover and are extremely important components of ecosystems. They also provide a wide range of products for human use. In many cases exploitation and other human pressures are threatening the survival of natural pine forests, although pines are also widely grown in commercial plantations, both within and outside their natural range. This book presents a ...

 

Evidence for the widespread occurrence of ancient forests on cliffs

  
Journal of Biogeography, Vol. 27, No. 2. (2000), pp. 319-331, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00401.x

Abstract

Aim The objective of this work was to determine if the existence of ancient forests on cliffs was specific to the Niagara Escarpment, Canada, or part of a globally widespread pattern.Location Sixty-five cliff sites were visited in five countries in the temperate climatic zone, and trees were sampled for age and growth rate on forty-six of these.Methods Two hundred and twenty-four core samples or cross-sections were taken from trees on cliffs that varied in height, aspect, rock-type, and exposure. General observations ...

 

Use of Simultaneous Analyses to Guide Fossil‐Based Calibrations of Pinaceae Phylogeny

  
International Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 169, No. 8. (October 2008), pp. 1086-1099, https://doi.org/10.1086/590472

Abstract

Uncertainties in the age and phylogenetic position of Pinaceae fossils present significant obstacles to our understanding of the timing of diversification in the family. We demonstrate that simultaneous phylogenetic analyses of chloroplast DNA (matK and rbcL) and nonmolecular characters that include both extant genera and a limited number of fossil taxa provide useful hypotheses for calibrating molecular trees. Root placements varied for Pinaceae, with Bayesian analyses recovering mutually monophyletic subfamilies Pinoideae and Abietoideae and parsimony analyses recovering Abietoideae as paraphyletic by placing the root between Cedrus ...

 

Phylogeny and classification of Pinus

  
Taxon, Vol. 54, No. 1. (February 2005), pp. 29-42

Abstract

We used chloroplast DNA sequences from matK and rbcL to infer the phylogeny for 101 of the approximately 111 species of Pinus (Pinaceae). At the level of subsection and above, the cpDNA tree is congruent with phylogenies based on nuclear DNA with one notable exception: cpDNA sequences from subsect. Contortae are sister to all other North American hard pines rather than occupying a more derived position in the same clade. We used the cpDNA tree plus evidence from nuclear ribosomal DNA ...

 

Phylogenetic Relationships of Diploxylon Pines (Subgenus Pinus) Based on Plastid Sequence Data

  
International Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 163, No. 5. (September 2002), pp. 737-747, https://doi.org/10.1086/342213

Abstract

Recent diversification followed by secondary contact and hybridization may explain complex patterns of intra- and interspecific morphological and genetic variation in the North American hard pines (Pinus section Trifoliae), a group of approximately 49 tree species distributed in North and Central America and the Caribbean islands. We concatenated five plastid DNA markers for an average of 3.9 individuals per putative species and assessed the suitability of the five regions as DNA bar codes for species identification, species delimitation, and phylogenetic reconstruction. ...

 

Geographic distribution of the pines of the world

  
No. 991. (1966)
 

Climate change and forest diseases

  
Plant Pathology, Vol. 60, No. 1. (1 February 2011), pp. 133-149, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2010.02406.x
Keywords: abies-nephrolepis   adaptation   alnus-incana   armillaria-spp   betula-spp   biscogniauxia-atropunctata   biscogniauxia-mediterranea   botryosphaeria-spp   bursaphelenchus-xylophilus   chamaecyparis-nootkatensis   climate-change   cronartium-ribicola   cylindrocladium-quinqueseptatum   dendroctonus-ponderosae   dothistroma-pini   dothistroma-septosporum   forest-management   forest-pests   forest-resources   fusarium-circinatum   ips-confusus   larix-gmelinii   larix-kaempferi   larix-spp   notholithocarpus-densiflorus   phaeocryptopus-gaeumannii   phytophthora-cinnamomi   phytophthora-ramorum   picea-jazoensis   picea-spp   pinus-albicaulis   pinus-contorta   pinus-edulis   pinus-monticola   pinus-nigra   pinus-radiata   pinus-spp   pinus-strobus   plant-diseases   populus-tremuloides   pseudotsuga-menziesii   quercus-agrifolia   quercus-cerris   quercus-falcata   quercus-rubra   quercus-suber   resilience   septoria-musiva   sphaeropsis-sapinea   tree-diseases   tsuga-heterophylla   tsuga-spp   valsa-melanodiscus  

Abstract

As climate changes, the effects of forest diseases on forest ecosystems will change. We review knowledge of relationships between climate variables and several forest diseases, as well as current evidence of how climate, host and pathogen interactions are responding or might respond to climate change. Many forests can be managed to both adapt to climate change and minimize the undesirable effects of expected increases in tree mortality. We discuss four types of forest and disease management tactics – monitoring, forecasting, planning ...

 

Climate change impacts, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability of European forest ecosystems

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 259, No. 4. (16 February 2010), pp. 698-709, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2009.09.023

Abstract

This study compiles and summarizes the existing knowledge about observed and projected impacts of climate change on forests in Europe. Forests will have to adapt not only to changes in mean climate variables but also to increased variability with greater risk of extreme weather events, such as prolonged drought, storms and floods. Sensitivity, potential impacts, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability to climate change are reviewed for European forests. The most important potential impacts of climate change on forest goods and services are ...

 

Central European vegetation response to abrupt climate change at 8.2 ka

  
Geology, Vol. 29, No. 6. (2001), pp. 551-554, https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(2001)029<0551:cevrta>2.0.co;2

Abstract

Oxygen isotope records show, a major climatic reversal at 8.2 ka in Greenland and Europe. Annually laminated sediments from two lakes in Switzerland and Germany were sampled contiguously to assess the response of European vegetation to climate change ca. 8.2 ka with time resolution and precision comparable to those of the Greenland ice cores. The pollen assemblages show pronounced and immediate responses (0-20 yr) of terrestrial vegetation to the climatic change at 8.2 ka. A sudden collapse of Corylus avellana (hazel) ...

 

Toward a Causal Explanation of Plant Invasiveness: Seedling Growth and Life‐History Strategies of 29 Pine (Pinus) Species

  
The American Naturalist, Vol. 159, No. 4. (April 2002), pp. 396-419, https://doi.org/10.1086/338995

Abstract

We studied 29 pine (Pinus) species to test the hypothesis that invasive species in disturbed habitats have distinct attributes. Seedling relative growth rate (RGR) and measures of invasiveness were positively associated across species as well as within phylogenetically independent contrasts. High RGR, small seed masses, and short generation times characterize pine species that are successful invaders in disturbed habitats. Discriminant analysis and logistic regression revealed that RGR was the most significant factor among these life-history traits separating invasive and noninvasive species. ...

 

Satellite evidence of decreasing resilience in Mediterranean plant communities after recurrent wildfires

  
Ecology, Vol. 83, No. 8. (August 2002), pp. 2293-2303, https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(2002)083[2293:seodri]2.0.co;2

Abstract

Vegetation recovery from fire has been widely studied at the stand level in many types of terrestrial ecosystems, but factors controlling regeneration at the landscape scale are less well known. Over large areas, fire history, climate, topography, and dominant type of vegetation may affect postfire response. Increased fire frequency, as is occurring in some mediterranean-type ecosystems, may reduce ecosystem resilience, i.e., the ability to recover the pre-disturbance state. We used the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) from Landsat imagery to monitor ...

 

Mountain pine beetle and forest carbon feedback to climate change

  
Nature, Vol. 452, No. 7190. (24 April 2008), pp. 987-990, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature06777

Abstract

The mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins, Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) is a native insect of the pine forests of western North America, and its populations periodically erupt into large-scale outbreaks1, 2, 3. During outbreaks, the resulting widespread tree mortality reduces forest carbon uptake and increases future emissions from the decay of killed trees. The impacts of insects on forest carbon dynamics, however, are generally ignored in large-scale modelling analyses. The current outbreak in British Columbia, Canada, is an order of magnitude ...

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