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Selection: with tag pinus-halepensis [47 articles] 

 

Pest categorisation of Pseudocercospora pini-densiflorae

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 15, No. 11. (November 2017), e05029, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.5029

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Plant Health (PLH) Panel performed a pest categorisation of Pseudocercospora pini-densiflorae, a well-defined and distinguishable fungal species of the family Mycosphaerellaceae. The regulated harmful organism is the anamorph Cercoseptoria pini-densiflorae (synonym Cercospora pini-densiflorae) with the corresponding teleomorph Mycosphaerella gibsonii. P. pini-densiflorae causes a needle blight of Pinus spp. also known as Cercospora blight of pines or Cercospora needle blight. P. pini-densiflorae is reported from sub-Saharan Africa, Central and South America, Asia and ...

References

  1. Anon, 2015. PM 7/46 (3) Lecanosticta acicola (formerly Mycosphaerella dearnessii), Dothistroma septosporum (formerly Mycosphaerella pini) and Dothistroma pini. EPPO Bulletin 45, 163–182.
  2. Bossard, M., Feranec, J., Otahel, J., 2000. CORINE land cover technical guide - addendum 2000. Tech. Rep. 40, European Environment Agency. https://www.eea.europa.eu/ds_resolveuid/032TFUPGVR .
  3. Büttner, G., Kosztra, B., Maucha, G., Pataki, R., 2012. Implementation and achievements of CLC2006. Tech. rep., European Environment Agency. http://www.eea.europa.eu/ds_resolveuid/GQ4JECM8TB .
 

Assessing risk and adaptation options to fires and windstorms in European forestry

  
Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change In Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 15, No. 7. (10 July 2010), pp. 681-701, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11027-010-9243-0

Abstract

Risks can generally be described as the combination of hazard, exposure and vulnerability. Using this framework, we evaluated the historical and future development of risk of fire and wind damage in European forestry at the national level. Fire risk is expected to increase, mainly as a consequence of an increase in fire hazard, defined as the Fire Weather Index in summer. Exposure, defined as forest area, is expected to increase slightly as a consequence of active afforestation and abandonment of marginal ...

 

History matters: previous land use changes determine post-fire vegetation recovery in forested Mediterranean landscapes

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 279 (September 2012), pp. 121-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.05.020

Abstract

[Abstract] Land use changes and shifts in disturbance regimes (e.g. wildfires) are recognized worldwide as two of the major drivers of the current global change in terrestrial ecosystems. We expect that, in areas with large-scale land use changes, legacies from previous land uses persist and affect current ecosystem responses to climate-associated disturbances like fire. This study analyses whether post-fire vegetation dynamics may differ according to specific historical land use histories in a Mediterranean forest landscape of about 60,000 ha that was burnt ...

 

A comparative study of aboveground biomass of three Mediterranean species in a post-fire succession

  
Acta Oecologica, Vol. 25, No. 1-2. (March 2004), pp. 1-6, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2003.10.002

Abstract

The aboveground biomass of three woody species (Cistus albidus, Quercus coccifera and Pinus halepensis) in two early successional stages (3- and 10-year old) of a post-fire Mediterranean ecosystem was investigated. Among these three species, which belong to the successional series of holm oak (Quercus ilex), C. albidus and Q. coccifera are two dominant shrub species in the garrigue ecosystem and P. halepensis is a pioneer tree species widely represented in the Mediterranean area. The results obtained showed that in monospecific stands, ...

 

Recurrent wildfires constrain long-term reproduction ability in Pinus halepensis Mill.

  
International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 17, No. 5. (2008), 579, https://doi.org/10.1071/wf07078

Abstract

Increasing fire recurrence is a major problem threatening Mediterranean-type ecosystems. Moreover, this pattern is predicted to increase owing to global change. Although a reduction in the density and growth of post-fire regeneration is usually observed in recurrently burnt areas, the potential effects on reproductive ability have seldom been explored. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether structural changes induced by fire recurrence may constrain reproduction ability of Pinus halepensis forests. We conducted the current study in Catalonia (NE ...

 

Geographic distribution of 24 major tree species in the Mediterranean and their genetic resources

  
(2016)

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] The Mediterranean Basin is one of the world’s richest places in terms of animal and plant diversity. It is a highly diverse region and its mountains, rivers, forests and thousands of islands form a mosaic of natural and cultural landscapes of incomparable value. With around 25,000 species of native plants, of which more than half are endemic, and because many habitats and species are threatened, the Mediterranean is recognized as one of the Global Biodiversity Hotspots [18]. For millennia, ...

 

Factors determining low Mediterranean ecosystems resilience to fire: the case of Pinus halepensis forests

  
In Ecology, Conservation and Management of Mediterranean Climate Ecosystems - Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Mediterranean Climate Ecosystems (2004), 20

Abstract

Factors acting as drivers of low resilience to fire in Pinus halepensis ecosystems are being examined. The commonest factor seems to be fire interval. From the several time windows examined, that of, the shortest one ever reported in this type of communities (3 years only) seemed to be the most crucial. From the plant species previously existing on the site woody and herbaceous obligate seeders are mainly affected by this factor. Other factors, affecting mainly pine regeneration, are the abundance of Quercus coccifera individuals in the ...

 

Regional estimation of woodland moisture content by inverting Radiative Transfer Models

  
Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 132 (May 2013), pp. 59-70, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2013.01.004

Abstract

[Abstract] We inverted the PROSPECT and GEOSAIL Radiative Transfer Models (RTM) using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) data to retrieve Live Fuel Moisture Content (LFMC) in woodlands located in the peninsular territory of Spain. Ecological rules were used to parameterize the RTM. This approach reduces the probability of an ill-posed problem in the inversion of the selected RTMs, by rejecting unrealistic combinations of input parameters. Three species representatives of each region were used to derive the ecological rules: Quercus ilex L., Quercus ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 26

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   pinus-brutia   pinus-bungeana   pinus-canariensis   pinus-caribaea   pinus-cembra   pinus-clausa   pinus-contorta   pinus-coulteri   pinus-densiflora   pinus-echinata   pinus-edulis   pinus-elliottii   pinus-flexilis   pinus-halepensis   pinus-heldreichii   pinus-jeffreyi   pinus-kesiya   pinus-koraiensis   pinus-lambertiana   pinus-leiophylla   pinus-leucodermis   pinus-longaeva   pinus-massoniana   pinus-merkusii   pinus-monophylla   pinus-monticola   pinus-mugo   pinus-mugo-ssp-rotundata   pinus-muricata   pinus-nigra   pinus-nigra-laricio   pinus-nigra-var-pallasiana   pinus-oocarpa   pinus-orientalis   pinus-pallasiana   pinus-palustris   pinus-peuce   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-ponderosa   pinus-pungens   pinus-radiata   pinus-resinosa   pinus-rigida   pinus-rotundata   pinus-roxburghii   pinus-sabiniana   pinus-silvester   pinus-spp   pinus-strobus   pinus-sylvestriformis   pinus-sylvestris   pinus-tabulaeformis   pinus-tabuliformis   pinus-taeda   pinus-thunbergiana   pinus-thunbergii   pinus-torreyana   pinus-tropicalis   pinus-uncinata   pinus-wallichiana   pioneer-species   pip   pissodes-piceae   pissodes-spp   pissodes-strobi   pistacia-lentiscus   pistacia-spp   pistacia-terebinthus   pistacia-vera   pith   pithecellobium-unguis-cati   pityogenes-chalcographus   pityokteines-curvidens   pityostrobus   pktools   planning   plant   plant-adaptation   plant-breeding   plant-classification   plant-climate-interactions   plant-communities   plant-community   plant-consumption   plant-dictionary   plant-diseases   plant-diversity   plant-ecology   plant-functional-types   plant-genetics   plant-health   plant-height   plant-invasion   plant-migration   plant-pathogens   plant-pests   plant-physiology   plant-population-dynamics  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

Tree species is the major factor explaining C:N ratios in European forest soils

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 311 (January 2014), pp. 3-16, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.06.047

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] C:N ratio in forest floor, peat and mineral topsoil mainly depend on tree species. [::] Most important differences in C:N ratios are seen between deciduous and evergreen species. [::] Either soil type, ecoregion or humus type was the second most important explanatory factor. [::] There was no consistent relationship between modelled deposition and C:N ratios. [Abstract] The C:N ratio is considered as an indicator of nitrate leaching in response to high atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition. However, the C:N ratio is influenced by a multitude of ...

 

Status of desertification in the Mediterranean region

  
In Water Scarcity, Land Degradation and Desertification in the Mediterranean Region (2009), pp. 33-73, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2526-5_3

Abstract

Assessment of the status of Mediterranean desertification requires a robust and agreed upon definition of desertification, which is still lacking, partly due to the widespread use of “desertification” either interchangeably or in conjunction with “land degradation”. By definition desertification is a subset of land degradation confined to drylands, thus adding “land degradation” to “desertification” implies relevance of the UNCCD to land degradation in both drylands and non-drylands, globally and in the Mediterranean. Another interpretation for pairing “desertification” and “land degradation” is ...

 

First report of Pitch Canker caused by Fusarium circinatum on Pinus halepensis and P. pinea in Apulia (Southern Italy)

  
Plant Disease, Vol. 91, No. 12. (December 2007), pp. 1683-1683, https://doi.org/10.1094/pdis-91-12-1683c

Abstract

Since 2005, pitch canker symptoms have been observed in Apulia (southern Italy, 41°27′42.84″N, 15°33′0.36″E) on numerous trees of Pinus halepensis and P. pinea in urban parks and gardens. Trees showed crown decline as a consequence of dieback of twigs and branches and withering of needles. Bleeding cankers with abundant resin were visible on twigs and branches. The needles of affected twigs and branches wilted, faded, turned yellow, then red, and were discarded. Isolations from symptomatic needles, twigs, and branches were performed ...

 

Direct regeneration is not the only response of Mediterranean forests to large fires

  
Ecology, Vol. 85, No. 3. (March 2004), pp. 716-729, https://doi.org/10.1890/02-0492

Abstract

It is widely accepted that the postfire recovery in Mediterranean plant communities is carried out by direct regeneration, i.e., the fast recovery of a plant community with the same species pool that it had immediately prior to disturbance. However, there is evidence that not all plant species in the Mediterranean basin survive fire in all situations, suggesting that the direct regeneration process might not apply to all situations. We analyze whether the main combinations of forest tree species (up to 16) ...

 

Fire resistance of European pines

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 256, No. 3. (July 2008), pp. 246-255, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2008.04.032

Abstract

Pine resistance to low- to moderate-intensity fire arises from traits (namely related to tissue insulation from heat) that enable tree survival. Predictive models of the likelihood of tree mortality after fire are quite valuable to assist decision-making after wildfire and to plan prescribed burning. Data and models pertaining to the survival of European pines following fire are reviewed. The type and quality of the current information on fire resistance of the various European species is quite variable. Data from low-intensity fire ...

 

Erosion in Mediterranean landscapes: changes and future challenges

  
Geomorphology, Vol. 198 (September 2013), pp. 20-36, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2013.05.023

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Recent land uses contribute to soil erosion in marginal lands. [::] Long history of human activity explains many landscape characteristics. [::] Intensification and extensification/wealth and poverty increase spatial complexity. [Abstract] Intense erosion processes are widespread in the Mediterranean region, and include sheet wash erosion, rilling, gullying, shallow landsliding, and the development of large and active badlands in both subhumid and semi-arid areas. This review analyses the main environmental and human features related to soil erosion processes, and the main factors that explain the extreme ...

 

Distribution map of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis)

  
(2008)

Abstract

The distribution maps on this page were compiled by experts contributing to EUFORGEN activities, based on existing bibliography and other information sources. Individuals may use the distribution maps for personal, educational, scientific or other non-commercial purposes without prior permission from the EUFORGEN Secretariat but they must acknowledge EUFORGEN as the source of information. In case the distribution maps are used for a publication, the EUFORGEN Secretariat would appreciate receiving a notification or a copy of the publication. ...

 

Pinus halepensis

  
In Enzyklopädie der Holzgewächse: Handbuch und Atlas der Dendrologie, Vol. 2 (1999)

Abstract

Pinus halepensis, eine zweinadelige, meist breitkronige und 10 bis 20 m hohe Kiefernart, prägt als unverkennbares Landschaftselement weite Teile der europäischen und der nordafrikanischen Mittelmeerküste. Sie wird forstlich bewirtschaftet und liefert Bauholz sowie Harz. Die Art stellt hohe Lichtansprüche und wird stets aufs Neue durch Feuer gefährdet. Andererseits bilden gerade Waldbrände die sichere Voraussetzung für ihre Verjüngung, denn viele Zapfen öffnen sich erst bei großer Hitze, so dass die Samen auf vegetationsfreiem Boden keimen können. Aleppokiefern stehen seit langem im Mittelpunkt ...

 

Climatic trends, disturbances and short-term vegetation dynamics in a Mediterranean shrubland

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 147, No. 1. (June 2001), pp. 25-37, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(00)00438-2

Abstract

Fire and erosion are two major disturbances affecting Mediterranean ecosystems. Both of them are closely related to climate. There is evidence of decreasing precipitation in the Mediterranean, particularly during summer. There are also indications of an increased variability in the rainfall distribution. Climatic changes, though show high heterogeneity at a local scale. Based on these observations, we have evaluated the following hypotheses for the Region of Valencia (East Spain). [::1] During the past three decades, climatic conditions have become more favourable ...

 

Árboles monumentales de España

  
(2003)
Keywords: abies-alba   abies-pinsapo   abies-spp   acer-campestre   arbutus-unedo   boiss   castanea-sativa   celtis-australis   ceratonia-siliqua   citrus-aurantium   cupressus-macrocarpa   cupressus-sempervirens   dracaena-drago   eucalyptus-globulus   fagus-silvatica   fagus-sylvatica   ficus-carica   ficus-macrophylla   forest-resources   fraxinus-excelsior   ilex-aquifolium   jubaea-chilensis   juglans-regia   juniperus-cedrus   juniperus-oxycedrus   juniperus-phoenicea   juniperus-thurifera   laurus-azorica   liriodendron-tulipifera   monumental-trees   morus-alba   nolina-recurvata   olea-europaea   phoenix-canariensis   phoenix-dactylifera   pinus-canariensis   pinus-halepensis   pinus-nigra   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-sylvestris   pinus-uncinata   pistacia-terebinthus   platanus-x-hispanica   populus-alba   populus-nigra   prunus-dulcis   pyrus-spinosa   quercus-cerrioides   quercus-faginea   quercus-ilex   quercus-petraea   quercus-pyrenaica   quercus-robur   quercus-suber   sequoiadendron-giganteum   spain   syagrus-romanzoffiana   taxodium-distichum   taxodium-mucronatum   taxus-baccata   tilia-platyphyllos   ulmus-glabra   ulmus-minor   washingtonia-robusta   wisteria-sinensis   yucca-filifera  

Abstract

[Excerpt] De entre todas las especies vegetales, la de los árboles resulta, por distintas razones, la más notable y la que está más ligada, por muy diferentes causas, al devenir del ser humano, a la historia y a la cultura de los pueblos que prosperaron a su alrededor. Los árboles nos han otorgado alimento y cobijo; los hemos relacionado con acontecimientos históricos de muy diferente índole; los hemos vinculado a devociones religiosas y milagrosas; hemos celebrado fiestas y júbilo alrededor de ellos; en definitiva, han permanecido vinculados a lo terrenal y ...

 

Árboles monumentales de España - Comunidades Autónomas

  
(2005)
Keywords: acer-pseudoplatanus   araucaria-araucana   araucaria-bidwillii   betula-pendula   camellia-reticulata   castanea-sativa   casuarina-equisetifolia   cedrus-atlantica   cedrus-libani   ceiba-pentandra   celtis-australis   ceratonia-siliqua   cinnamomum-camphora   crataegus-monogyna   cupressus-sempervirens   dracaena-draco   eucaliptus-camaldulensis   eucalyptus-globulus   fagus-sylvatica   ficus-carica   ficus-macrophylla   forest-resources   fraxinus-angustifolia   gleditsia-triacanthos   hedera-helix   ilex-aquifolium   juglans-regia   juniperus-oxycedrus   juniperus-thurifera   lagunaria-patersoni   laurus-nobilis   magnolia-grandiflora   monumental-trees   morus-nigra   myrtus-communis   olea-europaea   phoenix-canariensis   phytolacca-dioica   pinus-halepensis   pinus-nigra   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-sylvestris   platanus-orientalis   populus-alba   populus-nigra   prunus-dulcis   quercus-canariensis   quercus-faginea   quercus-ilex   quercus-petraea   quercus-pyrenaica   quercus-robur   quercus-rotundifolia   quercus-suber   quercus-x-morisii   sequoiadendron-giganteum   sorbus-domestica   spain   tamarix-canariensis   taxodium-distichum   taxodium-mucronatum   taxus-baccata   tilia-tomentosa   ulmus-minor   washingtonia-robusta  

Abstract

[Excerpt] En las páginas de este libro podrá encontrar el lector interesado algunos de los árboles más bellos, localizados en los diversos territorios de nuestras Comunidades Autónomas. La Compañía Logística de Hidrocarburos CLH, S.A. desea, con esta colección de árboles monumentales, tender un puente entre los dos elementos que dan sentido a su cotidiano devenir empresarial: el hombre y la naturaleza. Es decir, el servicio a los hombres, a la Sociedad y el deseo de colaborar en la conservación del entorno natural. Y para la construcción de ese puente ...

 

Polymorphism of natural populations of Pinus halepensis Mill. in Morocco as revealed by morphological characters

  
Euphytica In Euphytica, Vol. 119, No. 3. (2001), pp. 309-316, https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1017571904517

Abstract

In Morocco, Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) is the most used species in reforestation. However, no data is available about its intraspecific variation and adaptability. Morphological traits of 15 natural populations located on a North-East South-West orientation, representing its natural distribution in Morocco, were used to assess geographic variation of this species. Seed size (length, width, depth, weight and 1000 seed weight), wing length and width, cone length and width and needle length were measured for 760 trees (43–65 trees per ...

 

Fire Ecology and Post-Fire Restoration Approaches in Southern European Forest Types

  
In Post-Fire Management and Restoration of Southern European Forests, Vol. 24 (2012), pp. 93-119, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2208-8_5

Abstract

In this chapter we start by making an overview of plant adaptations to fire and post-fire response types, which will determine the post-fire management alternatives that might be used in specific forest and shrubland types. Some implications of climate change on fire regimes and plant responses are addressed, and the more fire prone forest types in Southern Europe are identified. We finish by discussing the major post-fire questions and management alternatives faced by forest managers, common to all forest and shrubland ...

 

Mechanisms maintaining biodiversity in Mediterranean pine-oak forests: insights from a spatial simulation model

  
Plant Ecology In Plant Ecology, Vol. 171, No. 1-2. (2004), pp. 197-207, https://doi.org/10.1023/b%3avege.0000029387.15947.b7

Abstract

Recurrent anthropogenic and natural perturbations, resource limitations and heterogeneous environments contribute to the maintenance of a remarkable biodiversity in Mediterranean plant communities. Yet, the essential mechanisms of community assembly in these systems remain largely unexplored. In the current paper we investigate the coexistence of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) and Holm oak (Quercus ilex L.), two of the most widely distributed species in the Iberian Peninsula, in relation to gradients in water availability and disturbance. A spatial model of landscape forest ...

 

Simulated responses of Pinus halepensis forest productivity to climatic change and CO2 increase using a statistical model

  
Global and Planetary Change, Vol. 26, No. 4. (December 2000), pp. 405-421, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0921-8181(00)00053-9

Abstract

Tree ring chronologies provide long-term records of growth in natural environmental conditions and may be used to evaluate impacts of climatic change and CO2 increase on forest productivity. This study focuses on 21 Pinus halepensis forest stands in calcareous Provence (in the south-east of France). A chronology of net primary productivity (NPP) both for the 20th century and for each stand was estimated using tree ring data (width and density). The response of each stand to climate in terms of NPP ...

 

Morphology and life cycle of Marchalina hellenica (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Margarodidae) on pine (Parnis Mt.) and fir (Helmos Mt.) forests of Greece

  
Annales de la Société entomologique de France (N.S.), Vol. 40, No. 2. (1 January 2004), pp. 169-176, https://doi.org/10.1080/00379271.2004.10697413

Abstract

Abstract Marchalina hellenica (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Margarodidae) is a scale insect, endemic in pine (Pinus halepensis) forests of Greece and other Mediterranean countries, which plays a major role in the production of honeydew honey. We investigated the morphological and the biological characteristics of M. hellenica in the pine forests of Mt. Parnis in comparison with those in the high-altitude fir (Abies cephalonica) forest of Mt. Helmos where it has been recently established, after anthropogenic intervention. Morphologically, the final body size of the ...

 

Impact du changement climatique sur la productivité forestière et le déplacement d'une limite bioclimatique en région méditerranéenne française

  
Sciences Eaux & Territoires, la revue d'Irstea, Vol. 44 (December 2005), pp. 49-61

Abstract

Cet article présente l'approche méthodologique utilisée pour l'étude de l'impact du changement climatique sur la productivité de la forêt méditerranéenne et le déplacement de la limite bioclimatique entre pin d'Alep et pin sylvestre. Il donne aussi quelques uns des principaux résultats synthétiques de ces travaux. Les travaux sont surtout basés sur la dendroécologie, étude des relations entre l'environnement et les cernes de croissance des arbres. Le dispositif expérimental comporte une série de placettes alignées le long d'un transect altitudinal sur le ...

 

Post-Fire Management of Serotinous Pine Forests

  
In Post-Fire Management and Restoration of Southern European Forests, Vol. 24 (2012), pp. 121-150, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2208-8_6

Abstract

The current chapter describes the ecological context and post-fire management practices for the most important and fire-prone coniferous tree species in the Mediterranean Basin, the serotinous pine trees. The state of art about evolution, habitat and adaptive strategies of Pinus halepensis Mill, Pinus brutia Ten. and Pinus pinaster Aiton are included. The management of burned areas, from emergency to long-term actions, are included but also the influence of climate change and the changing fire dynamics are discussed. To illustrate it, we ...

 

Root System Asymmetry of Mediterranean Pines

  
Plant and Soil In Plant and Soil, Vol. 278, No. 1-2. (December 2005), pp. 75-83, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-005-1092-3

Abstract

Three groups of Mediterranean pines were examined to describe the development of root symmetry on sites characterized by shallow soils and low water availability. Sampling included: (1) 3-year-old planted seedlings of Pinus halepensis Mill. taken from Sithonia Halkidiki, northern Greece, (2) 5-year-old natural regenerated seedlings of Pinus brutia Ten. taken from Kedrinos Lofos, Thessaloniki and (3) 65-year-old trees of Pinus brutia taken from Kedrinos Lofos, Thessaloniki. Root system symmetry was examined by measuring the number, the diameter, the cross-sectional area (CSA), ...

 

Ecology, Biogeography and Management of Pinus halepensis and P. brutia Forest Ecosystems in the Mediterranean Basin

  
Journal of Ecology, Vol. 89, No. 5. (1 October 2001), pp. 904-904, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0022-0477.2001.00591.x

Abstract

Pine woodlands belonging to the P. halepensis-brutia group are one of the principal constituents of forest vegetation around the Mediterranean basin, covering some 7 million hectares, yet our ecological understanding of their history and ecology remains poor. The present volume, arising from a MEDPINE workshop held at Beth Oren (aptly named –‘House of the Pine’) in Israel, attempts to provide some answers. [\n] The contents are restricted to the ecology of a subset of pine woodlands dominated by Pinus halepensis (predominantly western ...

 

Forest pathogens with higher damage potential due to climate change in Europe

  
Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 30, No. 2. (1 April 2008), pp. 177-195, https://doi.org/10.1080/07060661.2008.10540534
Keywords: abies-alba   alnus-cordata   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-incana   alnus-viridis   alpine-region   armillaria-spp   biscogniauxia-mediterranea   biscogniauxia-nummularia   carpinus-betulus   castanea-sativa   ceratocystis-platani   climate-change   corylus-avellana   cryphonectria-parasitica   cupressus-arizonica   cupressus-macrocarpa   cupressus-sempervirens   diplodia-pinea   dothistroma-pini   dothistroma-septosporum   droughts   dutch-elm-disease   europe   fagus-sylvatica   forest-pests   global-warming   gremmeniella-abietina   heterobasidion   heterobasidion-abietinum   heterobasidion-annosum   leptographium-spp   megastigmus-wachtli   mycosphaerella-pini   oak-decline   olea-europaea   ophiostoma-novo-ulmi   ophiostoma-ulmi   phytophthora-alni   phytophthora-cinnamomi   phytophthora-polonica   picea-abies   pinus-banksiana   pinus-cembra   pinus-contorta   pinus-halepensis   pinus-nigra   pinus-pallasiana   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-radiata   pinus-spp   pinus-sylvestris   platanus-spp   pseudotsuga   quercus-cerris   quercus-ilex   quercus-petraea   quercus-pubescens   quercus-robur   quercus-rotundifolia   quercus-spp   quercus-suber   scirrhia-pini   secondary-opportunistic-pest   seiridium-cardinale   seiridium-spp   silver-fir-decline   species-decline   sphaeropsis-sapinea   temperate-mountain-system   ulmus-glabra  

Abstract

Abstract Most atmospheric scientists agree that climate changes are going to increase the mean temperature in Europe with increased frequency of climatic extremes, such as drought, floods, and storms. Under such conditions, there is high probability that forests will be subject to increased frequency and intensity of stress due to climatic extremes. Therefore, impacts of climate change on forest health should be carefully evaluated. Given these assumptions, several fungal diseases on trees may become more devastating because of the following factors: ...

 

Composition of gum turpentines of pines. XXIII. A report on three mediterranean species: Pinus pinea (cultivated in California), P. halepensis (from Israel) and P. brutia (from Cyprus)

  
Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, Vol. 44, No. 3. (27 September 2006), pp. 186-189, https://doi.org/10.1002/jps.3030440317

Abstract

Gum turpentines of three Mediterranean pines have been analyzed. Of interest is the finding that a change of environment (from Italy to California) did not affect the composition of Pinus pinea turpentine. P. halepensis and P. brutia, which are thought by some to be synonymous, differ so much in composition of their turpentines that the two should be considered as separate species. ...

 

Use of Simultaneous Analyses to Guide Fossil‐Based Calibrations of Pinaceae Phylogeny

  
International Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 169, No. 8. (October 2008), pp. 1086-1099, https://doi.org/10.1086/590472

Abstract

Uncertainties in the age and phylogenetic position of Pinaceae fossils present significant obstacles to our understanding of the timing of diversification in the family. We demonstrate that simultaneous phylogenetic analyses of chloroplast DNA (matK and rbcL) and nonmolecular characters that include both extant genera and a limited number of fossil taxa provide useful hypotheses for calibrating molecular trees. Root placements varied for Pinaceae, with Bayesian analyses recovering mutually monophyletic subfamilies Pinoideae and Abietoideae and parsimony analyses recovering Abietoideae as paraphyletic by placing the root between Cedrus ...

 

Phylogeny and classification of Pinus

  
Taxon, Vol. 54, No. 1. (February 2005), pp. 29-42

Abstract

We used chloroplast DNA sequences from matK and rbcL to infer the phylogeny for 101 of the approximately 111 species of Pinus (Pinaceae). At the level of subsection and above, the cpDNA tree is congruent with phylogenies based on nuclear DNA with one notable exception: cpDNA sequences from subsect. Contortae are sister to all other North American hard pines rather than occupying a more derived position in the same clade. We used the cpDNA tree plus evidence from nuclear ribosomal DNA ...

 

Phylogenetic Relationships of Diploxylon Pines (Subgenus Pinus) Based on Plastid Sequence Data

  
International Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 163, No. 5. (September 2002), pp. 737-747, https://doi.org/10.1086/342213

Abstract

Recent diversification followed by secondary contact and hybridization may explain complex patterns of intra- and interspecific morphological and genetic variation in the North American hard pines (Pinus section Trifoliae), a group of approximately 49 tree species distributed in North and Central America and the Caribbean islands. We concatenated five plastid DNA markers for an average of 3.9 individuals per putative species and assessed the suitability of the five regions as DNA bar codes for species identification, species delimitation, and phylogenetic reconstruction. ...

 

Pinus halepensis - Version 2014.3

  
In The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (2013), 42366/0

Abstract

[Excerpt] Pinus halepensis has a very extensive extent of occurrence (EOO) and although considered threatened locally (Algarve in Portugal, Costa Brava in Spain) elsewhere it is stable or perhaps expanding as its economic use for timber has at least in its native habitat diminished. The species is listed as Least Concern. [::Common Name(s)] [::]English – Aleppo Pine [::]Spanish ...

 

Pinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)

  
Invasive Species Compendium (2014)
by CABI

Abstract

The Invasive Species Compendiumis an encyclopaedic resource that draws together scientific information on all aspects of invasive species. It comprises detailed datasheets that have been sourced from experts, edited by CABI's scientific staff, peer-reviewed, enhanced with data from specialist organisations, and with images and maps, and linked to a bibliographic database. In 2001, CABI's Compendium Programme Consortia identified a need for a Compendium on Invasive Species in recognition of the threat posed by invasive species to the global economy and environment. This ...

 

Conifers of the World: The Complete Reference

  
(2009)

Abstract

Researched for more than three decades, this definitive work provides up-to-date descriptions of all the true conifers of the world, including 545 species of trees and shrubs. Written for accessibility to both horticultural and botanical audiences, it is the first comprehensive update of conifer taxonomy in nearly a century. Noted conifer taxonomist James E. Eckenwalder also discusses the relationships among the groups, practical usages, champion trees, fossil occurrences, and biology. New identification guides for the families and genera are based whenever possible on ...

 

Mediterranean Pines (Pinus halepensis Mill. and brutia Ten.)

  
In Forest Tree Breeding in Europe, Vol. 25 (2013), pp. 229-265, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6146-9_5
edited by Luc E. Pâques

Abstract

Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) and Brutia pine (P. brutia Ten.) are two native species of the Mediterranean basin, the first widespread mostly in its western part and the second widespread mostly in its eastern part. Together, they cover more than 7 million ha and play major ecological and economical roles in low to mid elevation Mediterranean forests. Both species are well adapted to dry summer conditions and colonize successfully abandoned arable lands and burned areas. Provenance testing has been carried ...

 

EUFORGEN Technical Guidelines for genetic conservation and use for Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) and Brutia pine (Pinus brutia)

  
(2003)

Abstract

These Technical Guidelines are intended to assist those who cherish the valuable Aleppo pine and Brutia pine genepools and wish to ensure their sustainability, through conserving important seed sources or use in practical forestry. The focus is on conserving the genetic diversity of the species at the European scale. The recommendations provided in this module should be regarded as a commonly agreed basis to be complemented and further developed in local, national or regional conditions. The Guidelines are based on the available ...

 

Wildfires and landscape patterns in the Eastern Iberian peninsula

  
Landscape Ecology, Vol. 17, No. 8. (2002), pp. 745-759, https://doi.org/10.1023/a%3a1022966930861

Abstract

The relations between disturbance regime and landscape patterns have been developed from a theoretical perspective, but few studies have tested these relations when forces promoting opposing heterogeneity patterns are simultaneously operating on a landscape. This work provides quantitative evidence of these relations in areas dominated by human activity, showing that landscape heterogeneity decreases disturbance spread. In turn, disturbance introduces a source of landscape heterogeneity, but it is not enough to counterbalance the homogeneity trend due to agricultural abandonment. Land cover changes ...

 

Constraints and trade-offs in Mediterranean plant communities: The case of holm oak-Aleppo pine forests

  
The Botanical Review, Vol. 66, No. 1. (2000), pp. 119-149, https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02857785

Abstract

In this paper we review those aspects that are relevant to the development of a mechanistic ecological theory to account for the structure and dynamics of Mediterranean forests, focusing our attention on mixed forests of holm oak (Quercus ilex L.), a shade-tolerant, slowgrowing species that resprouts vigorously after disturbance, and Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis M.), a fast-growing, nonresprouting, shade-intolerant species. The main objectives of this report are: to introduce some of the primary features of these forests, showing their structural complexity ...

 

Ice age legacies in the geographical distribution of tree species richness in Europe

  
Global Ecology and Biogeography, Vol. 16, No. 2. (1 March 2007), pp. 234-245, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2006.00280.x
Keywords: abies-alba   abies-borisii-regis   abies-cephalonica   abies-pinsapo   alnus-cordata   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-incana   betula-pendula   betula-pubescens   carpinus-betulus   castanea-sativa   celtis-australis   climate-change   corylus-colurna   fagus-orientalis   fagus-sylvatica   forest-resources   juglans-regia   juniperus-drupacea   juniperus-excelsa   larix-decidua   laurus-nobilis   ostrya-carpinifolia   paleo-climate   picea-abies   picea-omorika   pinus-brutia   pinus-cembra   pinus-halepensis   pinus-heldreichii   pinus-nigra   pinus-peuce   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-sylvestris   populus-alba   populus-nigra   populus-tremula   quercus-canariensis   quercus-cerris   quercus-faginea   quercus-frainetto   quercus-ilex   quercus-pedunculiflora   quercus-petraea   quercus-pubescens   quercus-pyrenaica   quercus-robur   quercus-rotundifolia   quercus-sicula   quercus-suber   salix-alba   salix-fragilis   taxus-baccata   ulmus-glabra   ulmus-laevis   ulmus-minor  

Abstract

Aim  This study uses a high-resolution simulation of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) climate to assess: (1) whether LGM climate still affects the geographical species richness patterns in the European tree flora and (2) the relative importance of modern and LGM climate as controls of tree species richness in Europe. Location  The parts of Europe that were unglaciated during the LGM. Methods  Atlas data on the distributions of 55 tree species were linked with data on modern and LGM climate and ...

 

Quantifying components of risk for European woody species under climate change

  
Global Change Biology, Vol. 12, No. 9. (September 2006), pp. 1788-1799, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006.01231.x

Abstract

Estimates of species extinction risk under climate change are generally based on differences in present and future climatically suitable areas. However, the locations of potentially suitable future environments (affecting establishment success), and the degree of climatic suitability in already occupied and new locations (affecting population viability) may be equally important determinants of risk. A species considered to be at low risk because its future distribution is predicted to be large, may actually be at high risk if these areas are out ...

 

Large-scale recruitment limitation in Mediterranean pines: the role of Quercus ilex and forest successional advance as key regional drivers

  
Global Ecology and Biogeography (1 October 2013), pp. n/a-n/a, https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12111

Abstract

Aim Large-scale patterns of limitations in tree recruitment remain poorly described in the Mediterranean Basin, and this information is required to assess the impacts of global warming on forests. Here, we unveil the existence of opposite trends of recruitment limitation between the dominant genera Quercus and Pinus on a large scale and identify the key ecological drivers of these diverging trends. Location Spain Methods We gathered data from the Spanish National Forest inventory to assess recruitment trends for the dominant species ...

 

Are Pinus halepensis plantations useful as a restoration tool in semiarid Mediterranean areas?

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 198, No. 1-3. (23 August 2004), pp. 303-317, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2004.05.040

Abstract

In the semiarid areas of the Mediterranean basin, restoration activities during the XXth century have mainly relied on extensive plantations of Pinus halepensis, which now cover thousands of hectares. Here we review studies that have evaluated the effects of these plantations on soils, vegetation, faunal communities, and forest fires. The effects of P. halepensis plantations on soil properties are highly dependent on the planting technique employed. Plantations frequently show enhanced runoff and soil losses when compared to natural shrublands, as well ...

 

Aleppo Pine (Pinus Halepensis) Postfire Regeneration: the Role of Canopy and Soil Seed Banks

  
International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 6, No. 2. (1996), 59, https://doi.org/10.1071/wf9960059

Abstract

Pinus halepensis (Aleppo pine), is the dominant tree of a large fraction (26%) of the Greek coniferous forests; this species is an endemic pine of the Mediterranean Rim and well adapted to fire. Its regeneration is accomplished exclusively through seeds, thus its soil and canopy seed banks are of paramount importance for postfire resilience. Cone opening and seed dispersal were investigated in unburned forests of Attica (Greece) and it was found that Pinus halepensis trees maintain a significant percentage of the ...

 

Likely effects of climate change on growth of Quercus ilex, Pinus halepensis, Pinus pinaster, Pinus sylvestris and Fagus sylvatica forests in the Mediterranean region

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 162, No. 1. (June 2002), pp. 23-37, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(02)00048-8

Abstract

Mediterranean forest growth is constrained by drought and high temperatures during summer. Effects of climate change on these forests depend on how changes in water availability and temperature will take place. A process-based forest growth model, growth of trees is limited by water in the Mediterranean (GOTILWA+), was applied in the Mediterranean region on Quercus ilex, Pinus halepensis, P. pinaster, P. sylvestris and Fagus sylvatica forests. The effects of climate change on growth were analysed, as well as the effect of ...

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