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Selection: with tag picea-sitchensis [24 articles] 

 

Pest categorisation of Gilpinia hercyniae

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 15, No. 12. (December 2017), e05108, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.5108

Abstract

The Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of the Diprionid sawfly, Gilpinia hercyniae Hartig (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae), for the EU. G. hercyniae is a well-defined and distinguishable species, native to Europe but also present in North America, Japan, Mongolia, Korea and Pakistan, and recognised as a pest of spruce (Picea spp.). The pest is distributed in 19 Member States (MSs) of the EU. It is a quarantine pest listed in Annex IIB of Council Directive 2000/29/EC. Protected zones are in ...

References

  1. Adams, P.H.W., Entwistle, P.F., 1981. An annotated bibliography of Gilpinia hercyniae (Hartig), European spruce sawfly. Occasional Papers, Commonwealth Forestry Institute 11, 58 pp.
  2. Billany, D.J., Brown, R.M., 1977. The geographical distribution of Gilpinia hercyniae Hymenoptera: Diprionidae in the United Kingdom. Forestry 50, 155–160. https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/50.2.155 .
  3. Bossard, M., Feranec, J., Otahel, J., 2000. CORINE land cover technical guide - Addendum 2000. Tech. Rep. 40, European Environment Agency. https://www.eea.europa.eu/ds_resolveuid/032TFUPGVR,
 

Assessing risk and adaptation options to fires and windstorms in European forestry

  
Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change In Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 15, No. 7. (10 July 2010), pp. 681-701, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11027-010-9243-0

Abstract

Risks can generally be described as the combination of hazard, exposure and vulnerability. Using this framework, we evaluated the historical and future development of risk of fire and wind damage in European forestry at the national level. Fire risk is expected to increase, mainly as a consequence of an increase in fire hazard, defined as the Fire Weather Index in summer. Exposure, defined as forest area, is expected to increase slightly as a consequence of active afforestation and abandonment of marginal ...

 

Pest categorisation of Dendroctonus micans

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 15, No. 7. (July 2017), 4880, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4880

Abstract

The Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of the great spruce bark beetle, Dendroctonus micans (Kugelann), (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae), for the EU. D. micans is a well-defined and distinguishable species, recognised mainly as a pest of spruce (Picea spp.) and pine (Pinus spp.) in Eurasia. Attacks on other conifers (Abies spp., Larix decidua, Pseudotsuga menziesii) are also reported. Supposedly originating from north-eastern Eurasia, D. micans has spread westward and is now distributed throughout the EU (22 Member States). It ...

References

  1. Akinci, H.A., Ozcan, G.E., Eroglu, M., 2009. Impacts of site effects on losses of oriental spruce during Dendroctonus micans (Kug.) outbreaks in Turkey. African Journal of Biotechnology 8, 3934–3939. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/62085 .
  2. Balachowsky, A., 1949. Faune de France. 50. Coleoptères Scolytides. Lechevalier, Paris, 320 pp.
  3. Bergmiller, F., 1903. Dendroctonus micans und Rhizophagus grandis. Zentralblatt für das gesamte Forstwesen, 29, 252–256.
  4. Bevan, D., King, C.J., 1983. Dendroctonus micans
 

Temperate and boreal rainforest relicts of Europe

  
In Temperate and Boreal Rainforests of the World: Ecology and Conservation (2011), pp. 154-180, https://doi.org/10.5822/978-1-61091-008-8_6
Keywords: abies-alba   acer-pseudoplatanus   aconitum-spp   alces-alces   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-incana   anemone-trifolia   aquila-chrysaetos   arthonia-leucopellaea   asplenium-scolopendrium   athyrium-filix-femina   balkan-peninsula   betula-pendula   betula-pubescens   biodiversity   bison-bonasus   boreal-forests   buteo-buteo   calluna-vulgaris   canis-lupus   capreolus-capreolus   carduus-personata   central-europe   cervus-elaphus   cervus-nippon   cicerbita-alpine   conservation   cortusa-matthioli   corylus-avellana   dryocopus-martius   dryopteris-carthusiana   dryopteris-dilatata   dryopteris-spp   endangered-species   epimedium-alpinum   euphorbia-austriaca   europe   fagus-sylvatica   felis-silvestris   forest-resources   fragmentation   fraxinus-excelsior   grazing   gymnocarpium-dryopteris   habitat-conservation   hacquetia-epipactis   hotspot   ilex-aquifolium   lagopus-muta   lamium-orvala   larix-eurolepis   lichens   lobaria-amplissima   lobaria-scrobiculata   lunaria-rediviva   lynx-lynx   lyrurus-tetrix   meles-meles   milvus-milvus   norway   omphalodes-verna   picea-abies   picea-sitchensis   pinus-contorta   pleurospermum-austriacum   populus-tremula   prunus-avium   pseudotsuga-menziesii   pyrenula-laevigata   quercus-petraea   quercus-robur   quercus-spp   rainforest   rhododendron-ponticum   rupicapra-rupicapra   salix-caprea   salix-spp   sanicula-europaea   saxifraga-rotundifolia   sorbus-aucuparia   strix-uralensis   sus-scrofa   taxus-baccata   temperate-forests   tetrao-urogallus   thalictrum-aquilegifolium   thelotrema-lepadinum   tilia-cordata   tilia-platyphyllos   ulmus-glabra   vaccinium-myrtillus  

Abstract

European temperate rainforests are disjunctly distributed from ~45° to 69°N latitude, where they are influenced by maritime climates (see figure 6-1). Storms originating in the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean (Balkans) provide for mild winters, cool summers, and adequate precipitation to sustain rainforests throughout the year. Due to extensive deforestation, however, today’s European rainforests are mere fragments of primeval rainforests. A reminder of a bygone era when rainforests flourished, they are barely hanging on as contemporary rainforest relicts (see box 6-1). ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 25

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   phloeomyzus-passerinii   phloeosinus-spp   phoenix-canariensis   phoenix-dactylifera   phoresy   phosphorus   photochemical-pollution   photoperiodism   photorespiration   photosynthesis   php   phratora-vitellinae   phratora-vulgatissima   phyllaphis-fagi   phyllobius-argentatus   phyllobius-betulae   phyllobius-oblongus   phyllocnistis-unipunctella   phyllonorycter-salicicolella   phyllonorycter-spp   phyllostachys-edulis   phylogenetic-diversity   phylogenetics   phylogeny   phylogeography   physically-based-vs-empirical   physics   physiologial-adaptations   physiology   phytobia-betulae   phytobia-cambii   phytoclimate   phytoclimatic-characterization   phytogeography   phytolacca-dioica   phytology   phytolyma-lata   phytomining   phytophagous-insects   phytophenols   phytophthora-alni   phytophthora-cactorum   phytophthora-cambivora   phytophthora-cinnamomi   phytophthora-citricola   phytophthora-europaea   phytophthora-fragariae   phytophthora-hibernalis   phytophthora-ilicis   phytophthora-kernoviae   phytophthora-lateralis   phytophthora-multivora   phytophthora-plurivora   phytophthora-polonica   phytophthora-pseudosyringae   phytophthora-psychrophila   phytophthora-quercina   phytophthora-ramorum   phytophthora-spp   phytophthora-syringae   phytophthora-uliginosa   phytoplasmas   phytoremediation   phytosanitary   phytosociology   phytotoxic-agent   phytotoxins   picea-abies   picea-brachytyla   picea-breweriana   picea-engelmannii   picea-glauca   picea-jazoensis   picea-jezoensis   picea-mariana   picea-obovata   picea-omirika   picea-omorika   picea-orientalis   picea-pungens   picea-rubens   picea-schrenkiana   picea-sitchensis   picea-spp   pieris-spp   pillyrea-spp   pin-oak   pinaceae   pine-processionary-moth   pine-sawflies   pine-shoot-beetles   pine-wood-nematode   pinewood-nematode   pinewoods   pinus-albicaulis   pinus-aristata   pinus-attenuata   pinus-balfouriana   pinus-banksiana  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

The impact of the green spruce aphid Elatobium abietinum (Walker) on long-term growth of Sitka spruce in Iceland

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 181, No. 3. (August 2003), pp. 281-287, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(02)00658-8

Abstract

The impact of green spruce aphid (Elatobium abietinum (Walker)) outbreaks on the growth of a Sitka spruce stand in east Iceland during 1987 and 1991 was evaluated in a field study. This particular stand had never before been subjected to an insect outbreak. Growth of individual trees has been followed for 9 years since the last outbreak. Aphid-caused defoliation was assessed and the tree growth monitored before and after the outbreaks. Height and diameter growth was measured until the year 2000 ...

 

Assessing the role of vegetation on soil slopes in urban areas

  
In Proceedings of the 10th IAEG International Congress, IAEG2006 (2006), 744

Abstract

Vegetation has generally been recognised for its aesthetic landscaping qualities in the urban environment, especially along transportation corridors and for use as noise barriers. The detrimental effects of vegetation are also recognised. Trees and shrubs draw out moisture from the ground through evapotranspiration processes, which leads to the seasonal shrinkage and swelling of clay soils. In adverse climatic conditions, e.g. prolonged hot and dry summers, moisture reduction in clay soils may cause substantial damage to buildings and property. This paper reports on recent projects and studies in ...

 

Precipitation and temperature as factors in Gremmeniella abietina epidemics

  
Forest Pathology, Vol. 39, No. 1. (February 2009), pp. 56-72, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2008.00561.x

Abstract

The combination of temperature and precipitation during the growth season could be correlated with the occurrence of Gremmeniella abietina epidemics in Denmark. The Gremmeniella index value (GIV) is the result of the monthly rain in mm divided by average monthly temperature in centigrade (mm/°C) and it was created to facilitate easy prediction of epidemics in Denmark. The two most severe outbreaks of G. abietina in pine and other conifers in Denmark took place in 1963–64 and 1984–85, following years where low ...

 

How have exotic forest pests impacted Europe?

  
In Risks of Exotic Forest Pests and Their Impact on Trade (2001)

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] The forests of Europe, predominantly coniferous, span a wide range of age and species. For example, in the former USSR, forest cover has been present for many thousands of years, whereas in the UK, the present coniferous forest cover is typically less than 100 hundred years old. The range of pests present in any area and, more importantly, the damage they cause reflect this age and species range. Thus, efforts directed at either controlling or in some areas, keeping ...

 

Picea sitchensis

  
In Enzyklopädie der Holzgewächse: Handbuch und Atlas der Dendrologie (1995)

Abstract

Sitka-Fichten erreichen von allen Picea-Arten die größte Höhe. Sie gehören zu den Waldbäumen des "fog belt" der nordamerikanischen Pazifik-Küste, in dem die einheimischen Koniferen nahezu ideale Wuchsbedingungen finden und Wälder höchster Leistungsfähigkeit bilden. Unter günstigen Bedingungen kann P. sitchensis 800 Jahre alt und 85 m hoch werden. Zumindest in den mittleren und südlichen Teilen des Areals liefert die Art ein vielseitig verwendbares Holz, das sowohl als Bauwie als Papierholz abgesetzt wird und sogar als Klangholz für die Herstellung von Musikinstrumenten Verwendung ...

 

Tree diversity reduces herbivory by forest insects

  
Ecology Letters, Vol. 10, No. 9. (1 September 2007), pp. 835-848, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01073.x
Keywords: abies-balsamea   acalitus-rudis   albizia-guachapele   alsophila-pometaria   amblypelta-cocophaga   atta-cephalotes   betula-pendula   biodiversity   callophylum-brasiliense   cardiaspina-fiscella   cecidomyiidae   choristoneura-fumiferana   choristoneura-spp   chrysoptharta-bimaculata   corylus-avellana   curculio-elephas   dendroctonus-frontalis   dipteryx-panamensis   diversity   euclystis-spp   forest-pests   forest-resources   genipa-americana   hylobius-abietis   hypsipyla-robusta   lepidoptera   lymantria-dispar   matsucoccus-feytaudi   milicia-excelsa   myzocallis-coryli   neuroterus-spp   phyllobius-argentatus   phyllonorycter-spp   phytolyma-lata   picea-abies   picea-glauca   picea-sitchensis   pinus-densiflora   pinus-nigra-laricio   pinus-pinaster   pinus-strobus   pinus-sylvestris   pinus-taeda   pissodes-strobi   plant-pests   populus-angustifolia   pseudotsuga-menziesii   quercus-petraea   quercus-rotundifolia   quercus-suber   rhyacionia-frustrana   sonneratia-apetala   stigmella-spp   stryphnodendron-microstachyum   thaumetopoea-pytiocampa   thecodiplosis-japonensis   toona-ciliata   virola-koschnyi   vochysia-ferruginea   vochysia-guatemalensis   zeuzera-conferta  

Abstract

Biodiversity loss from plant communities is often acknowledged to affect primary production but little is known about effects on herbivores. We conducted a meta-analysis of a worldwide data set of 119 studies to compare herbivory in single-species and mixed forests. This showed a significant reduction of herbivory in more diverse forests but this varied with the host specificity of insects. In diverse forests, herbivory by oligophagous species was virtually always reduced, whereas the response of polyphagous species was variable. Further analyses ...

 

Damage by the pine weevil Hylobius abietis to seedlings of two native and five introduced tree species in Sweden

  
Silva Fennica, Vol. 48, No. 4. (2014), 1188, https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.1188

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Both native and introduced confer species in Sweden can be highly susceptible to damage by the pine weevil [::] Douglas fir and Sitka spruce were generally the most damaged among six studied conifer species [::] The results highlight some of the risks in establishing exotic tree species for forest production. [Abstract] There is increasing interest in using introduced species in Swedish forestry in response to climate change, but it is important to assess their resistance to native pests. Thus, we compared the extent of ...

Visual summary

 

Picea sitchensis

  
In Fire Effects Information System [online] (1992)

Abstract

The Fire Effects Information System is an online collection of reviews of the scientific literature about fire effects on plants and animals and about fire regimes of plant communities in the United States. FEIS reviews are based on thorough literature searches, often supplemented with insights from field scientists and managers. FEIS provides reviews that are efficient to use, thoroughly documented, and defensible. Approximately 15 to 30 new or revised reviews are published in FEIS each year. There are 3 types of ...

 

Significance of tree root decomposition for shallow landslides

  
Forest Snow and Landscape Research, Vol. 82, No. 1. (2009), pp. 79-94

Abstract

Tree-root systems can prevent shallow landslides. In layers permeated by roots, the soil shows greater stability as roots are able to absorb forces. When protective forests die off extensively as a consequence of a bark beetle outbreak or of another disturbance (e.g. storms or fires), their protective power on the slope stability decreases with the decomposition of the roots of the dead trees. By determining the relation between the tensile strength of roots and the tree's time of death, the decrease ...

 

Picea sitchensis - Version 2014.3

  
In The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (2013), 42337/0

Abstract

[Excerpt] This spruce still covers vast tracts of coastal mainland and islands along the Pacific Coast of North America; it is also a pioneer after disturbance, either natural or from logging, and will return unless deliberately prevented. Consequently it is assessed as Least Concern. [::Common Name(s)] [::]English – Sitka Spruce [::Range Description] Occurs in the Pacific Coast Region of North America from Alaska to California. [::Countries] Native:Canada (British Columbia); United States (Alaska, California, Oregon, Washington) [::Population] Locally common. [::Habitat and Ecology] ...

 

Impact of several common tree species of European temperate forests on soil fertility

  
Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 59, No. 3. (April 2002), pp. 233-253, https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:2002020

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to provide a synopsis of the scientific literature concerning the effects of different tree species on soil and to quantify the effect of common European temperate forest species on soil fertility. The scientific literature dealing with the tree species effect on soil has been reviewed. The composition of forest overstory has an impact on the chemical, physical and biological characteristics of soil. This impact was highest in the topsoil. Different tree species had significantly ...

 

Wind-driven gap development in Birkley Wood, a long-term retention of planted Sitka spruce in upland Britain

  
Canadian Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 37, No. 10. (2007), pp. 1787-1796, https://doi.org/10.1139/X07-051
 

Wood properties and uses of Sitka spruce in Britain

  
(2011)

Abstract

Preface: Research into the wood properties and performance of products made from Sitka spruce has been undertaken in Great Britain for almost 90 years by a number of organisations, most notably the Forestry Commission, Forest Products Research Laboratory (FPRL), Building Research Establishment (BRE), Timber Research and Development Association (TRADA), Imperial College London, University of Oxford, University of Wales Bangor, and University of Aberdeen. Smaller research groups were also based at Abertay University and Buckinghamshire Chilterns University College. Most recently, research groups ...

 

Ecological effects of introduced tree species in Britain

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 141, No. 1-2. (2001), pp. 31-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00487-4

Abstract

Non-native trees have been introduced to Britain and native trees have been redistributed for over 2000 years, but most species were introduced in the last 400 years, and the ecological consequences have not yet been fully manifested. Introduction has been followed by various forms of adaptation to British conditions: (i) genetic changes in the trees themselves, (ii) assimilation into forest communities, (iii) colonisation by native plants, animals and fungi and (iv) gradual cultural acceptance. Nevertheless, some naturalised shrubs are widely regarded ...

 

Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.)

  
In Silvics of North America. Vol 1: Conifers (1990), pp. 513-529

Abstract

Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis), known also as tideland spruce, coast spruce, and yellow spruce, is the largest of the world's spruces and is one of the most prominent forest trees in stands along the northwest coast of North America. This coastal species is seldom found far from tidewater, where moist maritime air and summer fogs help to maintain humid conditions necessary for growth. Throughout most of its range from northern California to Alaska, Sitka spruce is associated with western hemlock (Tsuga ...

 

Lessons from native spruce forests in Alaska: managing Sitka spruce plantations worldwide to benefit biodiversity and ecosystem services

  
Forestry, Vol. 87, No. 2. (2014), pp. 193-208, https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpt055

Abstract

There is increasing interest worldwide in managing forests to maintain or improve biodiversity, enhance ecosystem services and assure long-term sustainability of forest resources. An important goal of forest management is to increase stand diversity, provide wildlife habitat and improve forest species diversity. We synthesize results from natural spruce forests in southeast Alaska and suggest strategies for managing Sitka spruce plantations in other parts of the world to benefit biodiversity and enhance a variety of forest ecosystem services. We also discuss the ...

 

Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr)

  
In Forest Tree Breeding in Europe, Vol. 25 (2013), pp. 177-227, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6146-9_4
edited by Luc E. Pâques

Abstract

Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr) is native to the Pacific North West of America and was introduced to Western Europe in the early 19th nineteenth century. It is now an important commercial species along the extreme western seaboard of Europe – namely Ireland and Great Britain – and this is where most progress has been made in the area of selection and breeding. Sitka spruce has been the subject of more limited selection and breeding work in some other European ...

 

Section 5 - Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.)

  
In Safety Assessment of Transgenic Organisms, Vol. 2 (2006)
by OECD
Keywords: biology   ecology   picea-sitchensis  

Abstract

This consensus document addresses the biology of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.). Sitka spruce is an ecologically important species of the north temperate coastal rain forest of western North America. It is a valuable species for both pulp and lumber. Its wood offers unique qualities for manufacture of the highest quality sounding boards and tops for many musical instruments. As well, an outstanding strength-to-weight ratio made Sitka spruce strategically important during both World Wars for construction of aircraft (Brazier, 1987). ...

 

Conifers as invasive aliens: a global survey and predictive framework

  
Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 10, No. 5-6. (06 September 2004), pp. 321-331, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1366-9516.2004.00096.x

Abstract

We summarize information on naturalized and invasive conifers (class Pinopsida) worldwide (data from 40 countries, some with remote states/territories), and contrast these findings with patterns for other gymnosperms (classes Cycadopsida, Gnetopsida and Ginkgoopsida) and for woody angiosperms. Eighty conifer taxa (79 species and one hybrid; 13% of species) are known to be naturalized, and 36 species (6%) are 'invasive'. This categorization is based on objective and conservative criteria relating to consistency of reproduction, distance of spread from founders, and degree of ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database. http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/picea-sitchensis

Publication metadata

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.