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Selection: with tag physiology [16 articles] 


The problem of pattern and scale in ecology: what have we learned in 20 years?

Ecology Letters, Vol. 16 (1 May 2013), pp. 4-16,


Over the past 20 years, major advances have clarified how ecological patterns inform theory, and how in turn theory informs applied ecology. Also, there has been an increased recognition that the problem of scale at which ecological processes should be considered is critical if we are to produce general predictions. Ecological dynamics is always stochastic at small scales, but variability is conditional on the scale of description. The radical changes in the scope and aims of ecology over the past decades reflect ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 28

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   participatory-modelling   particle-swarm-optimisation   particle-swarm-optimization   particulate-matter   partitioning   past-observations   pastoral-activities   pasture   pastures   patch-dynamics   paternity-analysis   pathogens   pattern   paulownia-tomentosa   payoff-vs-cost   paysandisia-archon   pca   peak   peak-ground-acceleration   peatlands   pedogenesis-model   pedogenic-factors   peer-review   pellets   peloponnese   peltogyne-purpurea   percent   perl   permafrost   permanent-plot   pernis-apivorus   persea-borbonia   perspective   perspective-article   peru   pesera   peseta-series   pesotum-synnemata   ph   phacidium-infestans   phaenops-spp   phaeoacremonium-aleophilum   phaeocryptopus-gaeumannii   phaeostigma-notata   pharmacology   phassus-excrescens   phellodendron-amurense   phenolic-compounds   phenolics   phenology   phenotypes-vs-genotypes   phenotypic-plasticity   philadelphus-caucasicus   philadelphus-coronarius   philaenus-spumarius   philippines   phillyrea-latifolia   philosophy   phloemyzus-passerinii   phloeomyzus-passerinii   phloeosinus-spp   phoenix-canariensis   phoenix-dactylifera   phoresy   phosphorus   photochemical-pollution   photoperiodism   photorespiration   photosynthesis   php   phratora-vitellinae   phratora-vulgatissima   phyllaphis-fagi   phyllobius-argentatus   phyllobius-betulae   phyllobius-oblongus   phyllocnistis-unipunctella   phyllonorycter-salicicolella   phyllonorycter-spp   phyllostachys-edulis   phylogenetic-diversity   phylogenetics   phylogeny   phylogeography   physically-based-vs-empirical   physics   physiologial-adaptations   physiology   phytobia-betulae   phytobia-cambii   phytoclimate   phytoclimatic-characterization   phytogeography   phytolacca-dioica   phytology   phytolyma-lata   phytomining   phytophagous-insects   phytophenols  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Foliar, Physiologial and Growth Responses of Four Maple Species Exposed to Ozone

In Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, Vol. 185, No. 1-4. (2007), pp. 239-254,
Keywords: acer-spp   growth   ozone   physiology  

Analisi di terpeni in studi di ecologia forestale

In Atti del I Congresso Nazionale SISEF "La ricerca italiana per le foreste e la selvicoltura", Legnaro 4-6 giugno 1997 (1997), c1.3.16
edited by M. Borghetti


Il metabolismo secondario svolge un ruolo estremamente importante in natura e il significato fisio-ecologico più ricordato dei metaboliti secondari è senz’altro quello relativo alla difesa contro avversità biotiche ed abiotiche. I terpenoidi costituiscono il più vasto gruppo di composti vegetali e comprendono ormoni come le gibberelline e l’acido abscissico, carotenoidi e altre sostanze che rivestono un ruolo fondamentale nelle relazioni pianta-parassita e nei rapporti pianta-pianta. Numerosi terpeni costituiscono un vero e proprio schermo biochimico contro l’attacco di insetti, funghi, microbi e ...


Elements of growth and structure of narrow-leaved ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl) annual seedlings in the nursery on fluvisol

Periodicum Biologorum, Vol. 112, No. 3. (January 2010), pp. 341-351


Background and Purpose: For the process of optimisation of annual seedling production of narrow-leaved ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl) planned for the reforestation of marshland sites morphology, height and diameter growth and structure of narrow-leaved ash were researched in the nursery on fluvisol in different microsite conditions (microsite A – sandy--loamy fluvisol and microsite B – loamy fluvisol). Material and Methods: The measurements included the length of the axis above the cotyledons (h), and hypocotyl diameter (d 0). The length of internodes ...


Caratterizzazione chimica della manna estratta nelle Madonie (Sicilia) da cultivar di Fraxinus angustifolia e di Fraxinus ornus (Oleaceae)

Quaderni di Botanica ambientale e applicata, Vol. 17, No. 2. (2006), pp. 151-174


Chemical characterization of Madonie (Sicily) manna samples extracted from Fraxinus angustifolia and Fraxinus ornus (Oleaceae) cultivars. – In this paper are reported the results of the chemical analysis of manna in cannolo, in sorte and in rottame samples produced during the period 2004-2006 in the area around Castelbuono and Pollina (Palermo - Italy). Particularly, six cultivars of Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. angustifolia and one of F. ornus have been investigated. The analysis results show mannitol as the most abundant chemical constituent and ...


Seasonal variations of the sugars in birch sap

Food Chemistry, Vol. 25, No. 4. (January 1987), pp. 293-304,


The content of the main sugars of birch sap (Betula pendula Roth. and B. pubescens Ehrh.), which will be used for syrup production in Finland, were monitored by GLC as TMS-derivatives. Glucose and fructose had a concentration maximum at the end of April or at the beginning of May (5–8 g litre−1). This sugar can be regarded as invert sugar. The content of sucrose (0–0·7 g litre−1) decreased and in many cases it had totally disappeared by April. A correlation between ...


In-vitro anti inflammatory activity of Salix caprea Linn. (goat willow) by HRBC membrane stabilization method

Journal of Pharmacy Research, Vol. 4, No. 4. (2011), pp. 1067-1068


Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Salix caprea L. is belonging to family Salicaceae and commonly known as goat willow. Salix caprea is a common species of willow native to Europe and western and central Asia. It is a folkloric medicinal plant used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, malaria, various hemorrhages, gout, neuralgia and intestinal diseases. It is also used as an antipyretic, analgesic, antibacterial, haemostatic, sedative and anthelmintic agent. Aim of study: The present work aims to evaluate the anti inflammatory activity of salix caprea ...


Evaluation of the phytoremediation potential of the Salix caprea in tailing ponds

Analele Universităţii din Oradea, Fascicula Biologie, Vol. 16, No. 1. (2009), pp. 141-149


The goat willow (Salix caprea) belongs to the typical pioneer vegetation at former ore mining sites in East and Middle Europe as a result of its high metal-tolerance. Ectomycorrhizal (EM) fungi are known to contribute essentially to the tolerance of plants against abiotic stress. We have determined the absorption/ accretion potential of the goat willow related to heavy metals, as well as the growth rhythm of this species in conditions offered by polluted sites, correlated to the presence/ absence of the ...


A short chemical review on Salix caprea commonly known as goat willow

International Journal of Research in Phytochemistry & Pharmacology, Vol. 1, No. 1. (2011), pp. 17-20
Keywords: physiology   salix-caprea  


Salix caprea (Salicaceae) is one of the medicinal plants in Kashmir valley, commonly known as Goat willow. Plants are the natural industry for the production of secondary metabolites. Crude drugs are the natural sources for is olation of natural products which are used as medicines. So the current knowledge of their chemical composition is necessary for research work. In this short chemical review we have summarised the chemical composition or chemical constituents which were earlier isolated from various parts of the ...


Seasonal dynamics of dry weight, growth rate and root/shoot ratio in different aged seedlings of Salix caprea

Biologia, Vol. 61, No. 4. (1 January 2006), pp. 441-447,
Keywords: physiology   salix-caprea   seedlings  


Willows (e.g. Salix caprea L.) are deciduous and richly branched shrubs or small trees. Salix caprea shows a high adaptability to different habitat conditions. One way of evaluating this adaptability is to measure willow biomass and production. Young plants of S. caprea were sampled from the bottom of an artificial lagoon in which sediments removed from the local Vajgar fishpond were deposited. The bottom of the lagoon was overgrown by vegetation dominated by seedlings of the willows S. caprea and S. ...


Comparative studies of plant growth and distribution in relation to waterlogging - XII: growth, photosynthetic capacity and metal ion uptake in Salix caprea and S. cinerea ssp. oleifolia

New Phytologist, Vol. 105, No. 4. (April 1987), pp. 563-574,


Rooted cuttings of Salix caprea L. and -S. cinerea ssp. oleifolia (Macreight) growing in soil were exposed to (a) intermittent, (b) partial and (c) complete waterlogging of the soil. Measurements of growth and other characteristics were compared with unflooded controls. Both species were harmed by waterlogging but S. caprea was more sensitive than 5. cinerea as shown by the greater reduction of height, internode number, dry weight of root, stem and leaf, specific leaf area and leaf area per plant. The ...


Culturable bacteria from Zn- and Cd-accumulating Salix caprea with differential effects on plant growth and heavy metal availability

Journal of Applied Microbiology, Vol. 108, No. 4. (1 April 2010), pp. 1471-1484,
Keywords: heavy-metal   physiology   salix-caprea  


Aims:  To characterize bacteria associated with Zn/Cd-accumulating Salix caprea regarding their potential to support heavy metal phytoextraction. Methods and Results:  Three different media allowed the isolation of 44 rhizosphere strains and 44 endophytes, resistant to Zn/Cd and mostly affiliated with Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria and Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi. 1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid deaminase (ACCD), indole acetic acid and siderophore production were detected in 41, 23 and 50% of the rhizosphere isolates and in 9, 55 and 2% of the endophytes, respectively. Fifteen rhizosphere bacteria and five endophytes ...


Composition of gum turpentines of pines. XXIII. A report on three mediterranean species: Pinus pinea (cultivated in California), P. halepensis (from Israel) and P. brutia (from Cyprus)

Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, Vol. 44, No. 3. (27 September 2006), pp. 186-189,


Gum turpentines of three Mediterranean pines have been analyzed. Of interest is the finding that a change of environment (from Italy to California) did not affect the composition of Pinus pinea turpentine. P. halepensis and P. brutia, which are thought by some to be synonymous, differ so much in composition of their turpentines that the two should be considered as separate species. ...


Taxines: a review of the mechanism and toxicity of yew (Taxus spp.) alkaloids

Toxicon, Vol. 39, No. 2-3. (2001), pp. 175-185,


This literature review summarizes relevant information and recent progress regarding the scientific investigations of taxine alkaloids. Taxines are the active, poisonous constituents in yew plants (Taxus spp.) and have been implicated in animal and human poisonings. Several taxine alkaloids have been isolated and characterized through the use of high performance liquid chromatography, mass spectroscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance. Recently, as a result of electrophysiological investigations, significant progress has been made with regard to their pharmacological and toxicological mechanisms of action. Current ...


The structure and mechanics of cork

Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 377, No. 1769. (25 June 1981), pp. 99-117,


The excellence of cork for stopping bottles, for thermal and sound insulation, and as a shock-absorbing material for flooring and packaging is due to the special shape, size and structure of its cells. When loaded, the cell walls bend or buckle, giving large recoverable deflexions and large energy absorption. We have investigated the structure of cork and have measured its moduli and other mechanical characteristics. These can be broadly explained in terms of cell-wall deformation. ...

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