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Selection: with tag phenotypes-vs-genotypes [20 articles] 


Homologous recombination and Xylella fastidiosa host-pathogen associations in South America

Phytopathology, Vol. 107, No. 3. (March 2017), pp. 305-312,


Homologous recombination affects the evolution of bacteria such as Xylella fastidiosa, a naturally competent plant pathogen that requires insect vectors for dispersal. This bacterial species is taxonomically divided into subspecies, with phylogenetic clusters within subspecies that are host specific. One subspecies, pauca, is primarily limited to South America, with the exception of recently reported strains in Europe and Costa Rica. Despite the economic importance of X. fastidiosa subsp. pauca in South America, little is known about its genetic diversity. Multilocus sequence ...


Multitrait successional forest dynamics enable diverse competitive coexistence

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 114, No. 13. (28 March 2017), pp. E2719-E2728,


[Significance] Walking through any forest, one is struck by the variety of plant forms coexisting. Given that all plants compete for the same basic resources, why is there not a single winner? Our study shows that when key ingredients common to all forests are accounted for—including disturbance events, competition for light, and two widely observed trait-based tradeoffs—models of niche differentiation predict forests of considerably greater diversity than was previously thought possible. In particular, our model accurately predicts the proliferation of species occupying ...


Fitness of multidimensional phenotypes in dynamic adaptive landscapes

Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 30, No. 8. (August 2015), pp. 487-496,


[Highlights] [::] Integrating fitness into community ecology will improve trait-based predictions. [::] Dynamic adaptive landscapes link phenotypes to fitness across environments. [::] Fitness is a function of multidimensional phenotype–environment interactions. [::] Intraspecific trait covariation constrains environmental niche breadth. [Abstract] Phenotypic traits influence species distributions, but ecology lacks established links between multidimensional phenotypes and fitness for predicting species responses to environmental change. The common focus on single traits rather than multiple trait combinations limits our understanding of their adaptive value, and intraspecific trait covariation has been neglected in ...


Evolutionary and plastic responses to climate change in terrestrial plant populations

Evolutionary Applications, Vol. 7, No. 1. (January 2014), pp. 123-139,


As climate change progresses, we are observing widespread changes in phenotypes in many plant populations. Whether these phenotypic changes are directly caused by climate change, and whether they result from phenotypic plasticity or evolution, are active areas of investigation. Here, we review terrestrial plant studies addressing these questions. Plastic and evolutionary responses to climate change are clearly occurring. Of the 38 studies that met our criteria for inclusion, all found plastic or evolutionary responses, with 26 studies showing both. These responses, ...


Intraspecific trait variation across scales: implications for understanding global change responses

Global Change Biology, Vol. 22, No. 1. (January 2016), pp. 137-150,


Recognition of the importance of intraspecific variation in ecological processes has been growing, but empirical studies and models of global change have only begun to address this issue in detail. This review discusses sources and patterns of intraspecific trait variation and their consequences for understanding how ecological processes and patterns will respond to global change. We examine how current ecological models and theories incorporate intraspecific variation, review existing data sources that could help parameterize models that account for intraspecific variation in ...


Multispecies coalescent delimits structure, not species

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 114, No. 7. (14 February 2017), pp. 1607-1612,


[Significance] Despite its widespread application to the species delimitation problem, our study demonstrates that what the multispecies coalescent actually delimits is structure. The current implementations of species delimitation under the multispecies coalescent do not provide any way for distinguishing between structure due to population-level processes and that due to species boundaries. The overinflation of species due to the misidentification of general genetic structure for species boundaries has profound implications for our understanding of the generation and dynamics of biodiversity, because any ecological ...


Role of geographical provenance in the response of silver fir seedlings to experimental warming and drought

Tree Physiology, Vol. 36, No. 10. (October 2016), pp. 1236-1246,


Changes in climate can alter the distribution and population dynamics of tree species by altering their recruitment patterns, especially at range edges. However, geographical patterns of genetic diversity could buffer the negative consequences of changing climate at rear range edges where populations might also harbour individuals with drought-adapted genotypes. Silver fir ( Abies alba Mill.) reaches its south-western distribution limit in the Spanish Pyrenees, where recent climatic dieback events have disproportionately affected westernmost populations. We hypothesized that silver fir populations from ...


Adaptation, migration or extirpation: climate change outcomes for tree populations

Evolutionary Applications, Vol. 1, No. 1. (1 February 2008), pp. 95-111,


Species distribution models predict a wholesale redistribution of trees in the next century, yet migratory responses necessary to spatially track climates far exceed maximum post-glacial rates. The extent to which populations will adapt will depend upon phenotypic variation, strength of selection, fecundity, interspecific competition, and biotic interactions. Populations of temperate and boreal trees show moderate to strong clines in phenology and growth along temperature gradients, indicating substantial local adaptation. Traits involved in local adaptation appear to be the product of small ...


Global urban signatures of phenotypic change in animal and plant populations

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (03 January 2017), 201606034,


[Significance] Ecoevolutionary feedbacks on contemporary timescales were hypothesized over half a century ago, but only recently has evidence begun to emerge. The role that human activity plays in such dynamics is still unclear. Through a metaanalysis of >1,600 phenotypic changes in species across regions and ecosystem types, we examine the evidence that the rate of phenotypic change has an urban signature. Our findings indicate greater phenotypic change in urbanizing systems compared with natural and nonurban anthropogenic systems. By explicitly linking urban development ...


Landscape genomics and a common garden trial reveal adaptive differentiation to temperature across Europe in the tree species Alnus glutinosa

Molecular Ecology, Vol. 23, No. 19. (1 October 2014), pp. 4709-4721,


The adaptive potential of tree species to cope with climate change has important ecological and economic implications. Many temperate tree species experience a wide range of environmental conditions, suggesting high adaptability to new environmental conditions. We investigated adaptation to regional climate in the drought-sensitive tree species Alnus glutinosa (Black alder), using a complementary approach that integrates genomic, phenotypic and landscape data. A total of 24 European populations were studied in a common garden and through landscape genomic approaches. Genotyping-by-sequencing was used ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 24

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   overlapping-clustering   overspecialization   overview   overwhelming-uncertainty   oxalis-spp   ozone   p-value   pacific-islands   paleo-climate   paleo-data   paleobiogeography   paleobiology   paleobotany   paleoclimate-dynamics   paleoclimatic-models   paleoclimatology   paleoecology   paleoenvironment   paleohydrology   paleolithic   paliurus-spina-christi   palynology   pandanus-tectorius   panicum-spp   paper   papua-new-guinea   paradox   paragnetina   parallelism   paranthrene-tabaniformis   parasite   parasitism   parasitoid-recruitment   pareto-distribution   pareto-frontier   pareto-principle   parkinsonia-aculeata   parkinsonia-florida   parrotia-persica   parthenolecanium-corni   partial-open-loop-feedback-control   partial-protection   partial-uprooting   participation   participatory-modelling   particle-swarm-optimisation   particle-swarm-optimization   particulate-matter   partitioning   past-observations   pastoral-activities   pasture   patch-dynamics   paternity-analysis   pathogens   pattern   paulownia-tomentosa   payoff-vs-cost   pca   peak   peak-ground-acceleration   peatlands   pedogenesis-model   pedogenic-factors   peer-review   pellets   peloponnese   peltogyne-purpurea   percent   perl   permafrost   permanent-plot   persea-borbonia   perspective   perspective-article   peru   pesera   pesotum-synnemata   ph   phacidium-infestans   phaenops-spp   phaeoacremonium-aleophilum   phaeocryptopus-gaeumannii   phaeostigma-notata   pharmacology   phassus-excrescens   phellodendron-amurense   phenolic-compounds   phenolics   phenology   phenotypes-vs-genotypes   philadelphus-coronarius   philaenus-spumarius   phillyrea-latifolia   phloemyzus-passerinii  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Breeding technologies to increase crop production in a changing world

Science, Vol. 327, No. 5967. (2010), pp. 818-822,


To feed the several billion people living on this planet, the production of high-quality food must increase with reduced inputs, but this accomplishment will be particularly challenging in the face of global environmental change. Plant breeders need to focus on traits with the greatest potential to increase yield. Hence, new technologies must be developed to accelerate breeding through improving genotyping and phenotyping methods and by increasing the available genetic diversity in breeding germplasm. The most gain will come from delivering these ...


Variation in needle anatomy of Picea omorika (Pinaceae) plants belonging to different gene pools in natural populations on Tara Mt. in Serbia

Botanica Serbica In Apidologie, Vol. 38, No. 4. (2014), pp. 237-246,


Picea omorika (Serbian spruce) is a stenoendemic species whose current distribution range is restricted to refugial habitats in W Serbia and E Bosnia and Herzegovina. We analyzed variability in the anatomical structure of needles in populations from Tara Mt. which had previously been found to belong to two gene pools characterized by different history and levels of genetic diversity. Needle anatomy was investigated on transverse, sagittal and longitudinal sections and 28 characters were measured. Descriptive ...


Rational design of antibiotic treatment plans: a treatment strategy for managing evolution and reversing resistance

PLOS ONE, Vol. 10, No. 5. (2015), e0122283,


The development of reliable methods for restoring susceptibility after antibiotic resistance arises has proven elusive. A greater understanding of the relationship between antibiotic administration and the evolution of resistance is key to overcoming this challenge. Here we present a data-driven mathematical approach for developing antibiotic treatment plans that can reverse the evolution of antibiotic resistance determinants. We have generated adaptive landscapes for 16 genotypes of the TEM β-lactamase that vary from the wild type genotype “TEM-1” through all combinations of four ...


Range wide versus local patterns of genetic diversity in hornbeam (Carpinus betulus L.)

Conservation Genetics In Conservation Genetics, Vol. 6, No. 2. (March 2005), pp. 259-273,


A study based on AFLP markers was conducted to characterise the present population genetic structure of Carpinus betulus in Europe and to formulate guidelines for the use of this species in plantations on a local scale in Flanders. High within-population diversity and little (but significant) genetic differentiation were detected at both Flemish and European scales. However, there was a pattern of isolation by distance only at the European scale. Within-population gene diversity, a new rarefaction-based measure of number of genotypes (‘band ...


Rapid Evolutionary Changes in a Globally Invading Fungal Pathogen (Dutch Elm Disease)

Biological Invasions In Biological Invasions, Vol. 3, No. 3. (2001), pp. 223-233,


Two enormously destructive pandemics of Dutch elm disease occurred in the 20th century, resulting in the death of a majority of mature elms across much of the northern hemisphere. The first pandemic, caused by Ophiostoma ulmi, occurred as this pathogen spread across Europe, North America and Southwest and Central Asia during the 1920s–1940s. The current pandemic is caused by another Ophiostoma species, O. novo-ulmi. Since the 1940s, O. novo-ulmi has been spreading into the regions previously affected by O. ulmi. It ...


European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) dieback - A conservation biology challenge

Biological Conservation, Vol. 158 (February 2013), pp. 37-49,


[Abstract] Common ash (Fraxinus excelsior) is a keystone tree species throughout temperate Europe whose future existence is threatened by an emerging invasive fungal disease. Ash dieback, which first appeared in Poland in the 1990s, has rapidly spread to most eastern, central and northern European countries. The causal agent of the disease, the ascomycete Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus (anamorph Chalara fraxinea), was recently described as a new species. Given that the disease lethally affects ash trees of all age classes, and that ash tree ...


Is variation in susceptibility to Phytophthora ramorum correlated with population genetic structure in coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia)?

New Phytologist, Vol. 165, No. 1. (1 January 2005), pp. 203-214,


[::] California coastal woodlands are suffering severe disease and mortality as a result of infection from Phytophthora ramorum. Quercus agrifolia is one of the major woodland species at risk. This study investigated within- and among-population variation in host susceptibility to inoculation with P. ramorum and compared this with population genetic structure using molecular markers. [::] Susceptibility was assessed using a branch-cutting inoculation test. Trees were selected from seven natural populations in California. Amplified fragment length polymorphism molecular markers were analysed for all trees ...


Genetic differences in growth of an invasive tree species

Ecology Letters, Vol. 4, No. 6. (4 November 2001), pp. 514-518,


Invasive plants are often more vigorous in their introduced ranges than in their native ranges. This may reflect an innate superiority of plants from some habitats or an escape from their enemies. Another hypothesis proposes that invasive plants evolve increased competitive ability in their introduced range. We present the results of a 14-year common garden experiment with the Chinese Tallow Tree (Sapium sebiferum) from its native range (Asia), place of introduction to North America (Georgia) and areas colonized a century later ...


Emerging plant diseases:combining genotypic and phenotypicdata to improve our predictions ofinvasive pathogens

In EFSA's 16th Scientific Colloquium on emerging risks in plant health: from plant pest interactions to global change (09 June 2011)


While technological advances currently allow to genotype pathogen strains relatively easily, the connection between genotype (the unit of genetic inheritance) and phenotype (the unit upon which selection operates) is complicated by the fact that genetic, environmental, and epigenetic factors are all important contributing factors in phenotype determination. However, the genetic structure of a potentially invasive species can help in at least assessing the complete range of risks it may pose and in determining appropriate precautions that should be taken to ensure ...

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Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.