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Selection: with tag participatory-modelling [25 articles] 


Assessing nature's contributions to people

Science, Vol. 359, No. 6373. (18 January 2018), pp. 270-272,


A major challenge today and into the future is to maintain or enhance beneficial contributions of nature to a good quality of life for all people. This is among the key motivations of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), a joint global effort by governments, academia, and civil society to assess and promote knowledge of Earth's biodiversity and ecosystems and their contribution to human societies in order to inform policy formulation. One of the more recent key ...


Keep it complex

Nature, Vol. 468, No. 7327. (23 December 2010), pp. 1029-1031,


When knowledge is uncertain, experts should avoid pressures to simplify their advice. Render decision-makers accountable for decisions, says Andy Stirling. ...


From local scenarios to national maps: a participatory framework for envisioning the future of Tanzania

Ecology and Society, Vol. 21, No. 3. (2016),


Tackling societal and environmental challenges requires new approaches that connect top-down global oversight with bottom-up subnational knowledge. We present a novel framework for participatory development of spatially explicit scenarios at national scale that model socioeconomic and environmental dynamics by reconciling local stakeholder perspectives and national spatial data. We illustrate results generated by this approach and evaluate its potential to contribute to a greater understanding of the relationship between development pathways and sustainability. Using the lens of land use and land cover ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 28

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   participatory-modelling   particle-swarm-optimisation   particle-swarm-optimization   particulate-matter   partitioning   past-observations   pastoral-activities   pasture   pastures   patch-dynamics   paternity-analysis   pathogens   pattern   paulownia-tomentosa   payoff-vs-cost   paysandisia-archon   pca   peak   peak-ground-acceleration   peatlands   pedogenesis-model   pedogenic-factors   peer-review   pellets   peloponnese   peltogyne-purpurea   percent   perl   permafrost   permanent-plot   pernis-apivorus   persea-borbonia   perspective   perspective-article   peru   pesera   peseta-series   pesotum-synnemata   ph   phacidium-infestans   phaenops-spp   phaeoacremonium-aleophilum   phaeocryptopus-gaeumannii   phaeostigma-notata   pharmacology   phassus-excrescens   phellodendron-amurense   phenolic-compounds   phenolics   phenology   phenotypes-vs-genotypes   phenotypic-plasticity   philadelphus-caucasicus   philadelphus-coronarius   philaenus-spumarius   philippines   phillyrea-latifolia   philosophy   phloemyzus-passerinii   phloeomyzus-passerinii   phloeosinus-spp   phoenix-canariensis   phoenix-dactylifera   phoresy   phosphorus   photochemical-pollution   photoperiodism   photorespiration   photosynthesis   php   phratora-vitellinae   phratora-vulgatissima   phyllaphis-fagi   phyllobius-argentatus   phyllobius-betulae   phyllobius-oblongus   phyllocnistis-unipunctella   phyllonorycter-salicicolella   phyllonorycter-spp   phyllostachys-edulis   phylogenetic-diversity   phylogenetics   phylogeny   phylogeography   physically-based-vs-empirical   physics   physiologial-adaptations   physiology   phytobia-betulae   phytobia-cambii   phytoclimate   phytoclimatic-characterization   phytogeography   phytolacca-dioica   phytology   phytolyma-lata   phytomining   phytophagous-insects   phytophenols  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Good enough? Nichesourcing in data quality assessment

IEEE Earthzine, Vol. 7, No. 4. (2014), 910203


It is tempting to integrate crowdsourced data into our databases for identifying a data quality issue (e.g., “is my Earth observation data still valid?”). Here we present a use case developed during the Linked Map project (part of the EU FP7 project PlanetData) named “nichesourcing of data quality assessment.” In this use case, a small group of expert volunteers assessed if the quality of a conflation of data sourced from an official national map (the BTN25, a National Map database of ...


  1. V. de Boer et al., “Nichesourcing: Harnessing the Power of Crowds of Experts,” Journal on Data Semantics III, vol. 7603, no. 3, S. Spaccapietra and E. Zimányi, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2012, pp. 16–20.
  2. B. M. Tesfa, “Nichesourcing: a case study for pluvial data digitalization for the Sahel,” VU University, Amsterdam, NL, 2012.
  3. E. Wenger et al., Cultivating Communities of Practice. Harvard Business Press, 2002.
  4. F.

Uncertainty in the environmental modelling process – A framework and guidance

Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 22, No. 11. (November 2007), pp. 1543-1556,


A terminology and typology of uncertainty is presented together with a framework for the modelling process, its interaction with the broader water management process and the role of uncertainty at different stages in the modelling processes. Brief reviews have been made of 14 different (partly complementary) methods commonly used in uncertainty assessment and characterisation: data uncertainty engine (DUE), error propagation equations, expert elicitation, extended peer review, inverse modelling (parameter estimation), inverse modelling (predictive uncertainty), Monte Carlo analysis, multiple model simulation, NUSAP, ...


Architecture of Environmental Risk Modelling: for a faster and more robust response to natural disasters

In 3rd Conference of Computational Interdisciplinary Sciences (2014), pp. 46-57


Demands on the disaster response capacity of the European Union are likely to increase, as the impacts of disasters continue to grow both in size and frequency. This has resulted in intensive research on issues concerning spatially-explicit information and modelling and their multiple sources of uncertainty. Geospatial support is one of the forms of assistance frequently required by emergency response centres along with hazard forecast and event management assessment. Robust modelling of natural hazards requires dynamic simulations under an array of ...

Visual summary


Putting humans in the loop: Social computing for Water Resources Management

Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 37 (November 2012), pp. 68-77,


The advent of online services, social networks, crowdsourcing, and serious Web games has promoted the emergence of a novel computation paradigm, where complex tasks are solved by exploiting the capacity of human beings and computer platforms in an integrated way. Water Resources Management systems can take advantage of human and social computation in several ways: collecting and validating data, complementing the analytic knowledge embodied in models with tacit knowledge from individuals and communities, using human sensors to monitor the variation of ...


Reducing the risks posed by natural hazards and climate change: the need for a participatory dialogue between the scientific community and policy makers

Environmental Science & Policy, Vol. 14, No. 7. (22 November 2011), pp. 730-733,


In the last two decades we witnessed a progressive shift in the approach towards the reduction of the impact of natural hazards. From a general reactive approach, focusing on strengthening disaster response mechanisms, we have moved to proactive approaches. There has been recognition that each element of society, from public institutions to private sector, from community-based organizations to every single individual, can make a difference by acting before disasters strike to reduce the associated risks of human and economic losses. This ...


A new approach to risk: the implications of E3

Risk Management, Vol. 11, No. 1. (February 2009), pp. 30-43,


The fundamental thesis of this paper is that no matter how much physical science and technology are involved in complex systems, no system is ever purely or solely physical or technical. Certainly no system of which we are aware is purely scientific or technical in its operation or management. Furthermore, while research on and the modeling of complex systems usually rely heavily on the consideration of technological variables and processes, they typically fail to consider the contributions of individual psychological, organizational ...


Managing complex adaptive systems - A co-evolutionary perspective on natural resource management

Ecological Economics, Vol. 63, No. 1. (15 June 2007), pp. 9-21,


The overexploitation of natural resources and the increasing number of social conflicts following from their unsustainable use point to a wide gap between the objectives of sustainability and current resource management practices. One of the reasons for the difficulties to close this gap is that for evolving complex systems like natural and socio-economic systems, sustainability cannot be a static objective. Instead sustainable development is an open evolutionary process of improving the management of social-ecological systems, through better understanding and knowledge. Therefore, ...


Making Every Scientist a Research Funder

Science, Vol. 343, No. 6171. (07 February 2014), pp. 598-598,


A radical proposal to revamp peer review would give scientists an even bigger role in deciding how to distribute U.S. research dollars—at a fraction of the current cost. ...


Assessing the Impact of Integrated Natural Resource Management: Challenges and Experiences

Ecology and Society, Vol. 5, No. 2. (2001), 17+


Assessing the impact of integrated natural resource management (INRM) research poses a challenge to scientists. The complexity of INRM interventions requires a more holistic approach to impact assessment, beyond the plot and farm levels and beyond traditional analysis of economic returns. Impact assessment for INRM combines the traditional "what" and "where" factors of economic and environmental priorities with newer "who" and "how" aspects of social actors and institutions. This paper presents an analytical framework and methodology for assessing the impact of ...


Success Factors in Integrated Natural Resource Management R&D: Lessons from Practice

Ecology and Society, Vol. 5, No. 2. (2001), 29+


This paper analyzes integrated natural resource management (INRM) lessons and success factors based on a practical case study over more than 10 years in Zimbabwe. The work was geared toward enhancing the adaptive management capacity of the stakeholders in their resource-use systems. One main result was the development and institutionalization of an approach for participatory and integrated NRM research and extension. The INRM approach described is grounded in a learning paradigm and a combination of theories: the constructivist perspective to development, ...


Delivering the goods: scaling out results of natural resource management research

Ecology and Society, Vol. 5, No. 2. (2001), 19+


To help integrated natural resource management (INRM) research "deliver the goods" for many of the world's poor over a large area and in a timely manner, the authors suggest a problem-solving approach that facilitates the scaling out of relevant agricultural practices. They propose seven ways to foster scaling out: (1) develop more attractive practices and technologies through participatory research (2) balance supply-driven approaches with resource user demands, (3) use feedback to redefine the research agenda, (4) encourage support groups and networks ...


Adapting Science to Adaptive Managers: Spidergrams, Belief Models, and Multi-agent Systems Modeling

Ecology and Society, Vol. 5, No. 2. (2001), 24+


Two case studies are presented in which models were used as focal tools in problems associated with common-pool resource management in developing countries. In the first case study, based in Zimbabwe, Bayesian or Belief Networks were used in a project designed to enhance the adaptive management capacity of a community in a semiarid rangeland system. In the second case study, based in Senegal, multi-agent systems models were used in the context of role plays to communicate research findings to a community, ...


IWRM in the Adda basin, Northern Italy

Geophysical Research Abstracts In European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2013, Vol. 9 (2007), 08901


The Adda river basin, in Northern Italy, is a 6.500 km2 wide basin which includes the Como Lake. The lake has been used as a regulated multipurpose reservoir for sixty years and its management has been primarily aimed at the satisfaction of downstream water demands for irrigation and hydropower generation, as well as at the control of floods, both on the lake shores and on the outflowing Adda river. Due to the changing legal and hydrological conditions the conflict between these ...


A participatory and integrated planning procedure for decision making in water resource systems

In Topics on System Analysis and Integrated Water Resources Management (2007), pp. 3-23,


This chapter presents a participatory and integrated planning procedure for decision making in water resource systems. In many parts of the world, water demand is increasing, while at the same time, availability and quality of water resources are decreasing, mainly due to human activities, in connection with the growing world population, ongoing urbanization, industrialization, and the intensification of agriculture. This development is often associated with general reductions in environmental quality and endangers sustainable development. An integrated approach is required to identify ...


PIP: a Participatory and Integrated Planning procedure for decision making in water resource systems

In Modelling and control for participatory planning and managing water systems (September 2004)


There is a wide consensus that integrated planning and management (iwrm) plays a crucial role in the current context of water resources, as well as that any water related decisional process must be participated in order to reach transparent and readily acceptable decisions. At European level the iwrm paradigm has been adopted by the Water Framework Directive that came into force in December 2000. The directive sets out a detailed framework for the improved planning and management of water, including in ...


Public participation in impact assessment: a social learning perspective

Environmental Impact Assessment Review, Vol. 15, No. 5. (September 1995), pp. 443-463,


This paper is a contribution to the development of normative criteria for evaluating models of the participation process. The concept of social learning is described and an effort to show how communities of people with both diverse and common interests can reach agreement on collective action to solve a shared problem. The authors have developed the idea of “cooperative discourse” as a method to achieve consensus. The authors utilize the case study of the siting of a municipal waste disposal facility ...


Report of the working group "Democratising expertise and establishing scientific reference systems"



[Excerpt: Executive summary] [::1] ‘Experts’ are consulted by policy makers, the media and the public at large to explain and advise on such diverse issues as climate change, employment policy, BSE (‘mad cow disease’), and genetically modified organisms. However, many recent cases have shown that expertise, while being increasingly relied upon, is also increasingly contested. [::2] Furthermore, in the interplay between different levels of governance in the European Union, expertise must be credible across a variety of national scientific and policy cultures. ...


Methods for collaboratively identifying research priorities and emerging issues in science and policy

Methods in Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 2, No. 3. (02 June 2011), pp. 238-247,


[::1] There is a widely recognized gap between the data generated by researchers and the information required by policy makers. In an effort to bridge the gap between conservation policy and science, we have convened in several countries multiple groups of policy makers, practitioners and researchers to identify priority information needs that can be met by new research in the social and natural sciences. [::2] The exercises we have coordinated included identification of priority policy-relevant research questions in specific geographies (UK, USA, Canada); questions ...


Uncertainty, complexity and post-normal science

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 13, No. 12. (1994), pp. 1881-1885,


The quality of the scientific inputs to the policy process is known to be problematic. No one can claim “truth” for his results. Nor can uncertainty be banished, but good quality can be achieved by its proper management. The interaction of systems uncertainties and decision stakes can be used to provide guidance for the choice of appropriate problem-solving strategies. When either or both of these are high, then mission-oriented applied science and client-serving professional consultancy are not adequate in themselves, and ...


Uncertainty matters: computer models at the science–policy interface

Water Resources Management, Vol. 21, No. 7. (1 July 2007), pp. 1075-1090,


The use of computer models offers a general and flexible framework that can help to deal with some of the complexities and difficulties associated with the development of water management plans as prescribed by the Water Framework Directive. However, despite the advantages modelling presents, the integration of information derived from models into policy is far away from being trivial or the norm. Part of the difficulties of this integration is rooted in the lack of confidence policy makers have on the ...


Multi-criteria decision analysis in natural resource management: A critical review of methods and new modelling paradigms

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 230, No. 1-3. (15 July 2006), pp. 1-22,


Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) is an umbrella approach that has been applied to a wide range of natural resource management situations. This paper has two purposes. First, it aims to provide a critical review of MCDA methods applied to forest and other natural resource management. The review seeks to layout the nature of the models, their inherent strengths and limitations. Models are categorized based on different classification schemes and are reviewed by describing their general characteristics, approaches, and fundamental properties. The ...

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Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.