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Selection: with tag parasite [8 articles] 


A landscape of disgust

Science, Vol. 359, No. 6381. (15 March 2018), pp. 1213-1214,


A rancid meal, a moist handshake, a pile of feces: These phenomena elicit disgust and avoidance that protect humans from our most pervasive consumer—infectious agents. This avoidance is not specific to humans. Various animals alter their behavior to avoid infection (1). For instance, Poirotte et al. recently showed that mandrills avoid parasite-contaminated feces and refrain from grooming infected individuals (2). These primates' nuanced ability to detect and alter their behavior in response to differential exposure risk suggests close parallels to the ...


Malaria prevalence metrics in low- and middle-income countries: an assessment of precision in nationally-representative surveys

Malaria Journal, Vol. 16 (21 November 2017), 475,


[Background] One pillar to monitoring progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals is the investment in high quality data to strengthen the scientific basis for decision-making. At present, nationally-representative surveys are the main source of data for establishing a scientific evidence base, monitoring, and evaluation of health metrics. However, little is known about the optimal precisions of various population-level health and development indicators that remains unquantified in nationally-representative household surveys. Here, a retrospective analysis of the precision of prevalence from these surveys was ...


The population dynamics of microparasites and their invertebrate hosts

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 291, No. 1054. (27 April 1981), pp. 451-524,


We show how directly transmitted microparasites, broadly defined to include viruses, bacteria, protozoans and fungi, may regulate natural populations of invertebrate hosts. The study combines elements of conventional epidemiology (where the host population is assumed constant) with elements of prey-predator studies (which conventionally emphasize how prey and predator populations may be regulated by their interaction). To this end, we construct simple models embodying the essentials of the dynamical interaction between invertebrate hosts and their directly transmitted microparasites. In successive refinements, these ...


Social semantics: altruism, cooperation, mutualism, strong reciprocity and group selection

Journal of Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 20, No. 2. (1 March 2007), pp. 415-432,


From an evolutionary perspective, social behaviours are those which have fitness consequences for both the individual that performs the behaviour, and another individual. Over the last 43 years, a huge theoretical and empirical literature has developed on this topic. However, progress is often hindered by poor communication between scientists, with different people using the same term to mean different things, or different terms to mean the same thing. This can obscure what is biologically important, and what is not. The potential for ...


The sixth mass coextinction: are most endangered species parasites and mutualists?

Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 276, No. 1670. (07 September 2009), pp. 3037-3045,


The effects of species declines and extinction on biotic interactions remain poorly understood. The loss of a species is expected to result in the loss of other species that depend on it (coextinction), leading to cascading effects across trophic levels. Such effects are likely to be most severe in mutualistic and parasitic interactions. Indeed, models suggest that coextinction may be the most common form of biodiversity loss. Paradoxically, few historical or contemporary coextinction events have actually been recorded. We review the ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 27

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   off-site-effects   ogc   olea-europaea   olea-spp   oleoresin   olive-decline   olive-oil   ombrotrophic   omphalodes-verna   on-site-effects   ononis-fruticosa   ontologies   open-access   open-access-embargo   open-data   open-field   open-loop-control   open-science   open-source   open-standards   open-woodland   opengis   openlayers   openstreetmap   operating-system   operational-research   operophtera-antiqua   operophtera-brumata   ophiostoma-novo-ulmi   ophiostoma-spp   ophiostoma-ulmi   opportunistic-plant-pests   optimization   opuntia-amyclaea   opuntia-ficus-indica   oregon   organic-carbon   organic-material   ornamental-plant   ornamental-trees   orthotomicus-erosus   orthotomicus-laricis   osmotic-power   ostrya-carpinifolia   ostrya-spp   ostryopsis-spp   otiorhynchus-scaber   out-of-bag   outbreak   outdated-yield-tables   outputs-vs-outcomes   overexploited-fish-stocks   overfitting   overlapping-clustering   overspecialization   overview   overwhelming-uncertainty   oxalis-spp   ozone   p-value   pacific-islands   pacific-northwest-region   paleo-climate   paleo-data   paleobiogeography   paleobiology   paleobotany   paleoclimate-dynamics   paleoclimatic-models   paleoclimatology   paleoecology   paleoenvironment   paleohydrology   paleolithic   paliurus-spina-christi   palynology   pandanus-tectorius   panicum-spp   panthera-pardus   paper   papua-new-guinea   paradox   paragnetina   parallelism   paranthrene-tabaniformis   parasite   parasitism   parasitoid-recruitment   pareto-distribution   pareto-frontier   pareto-principle   parkinsonia-aculeata   parkinsonia-florida   parrotia-persica   parthenolecanium-corni   partial-open-loop-feedback-control   partial-protection   partial-uprooting   participation  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Host plants influence parasitism of forest caterpillars

Nature, Vol. 417, No. 6885. (9 May 2002), pp. 170-173,


Patterns of association between herbivores and host plants have been thought to reflect the quality of plants as food resources as influenced by plant nutrient composition, defences, and phenology. Host-plant-specific enemies, that is, the third trophic level, might also influence the distribution of herbivores across plant species. However, studies of the evolution of herbivore host range have generally not examined the third trophic level, leaving unclear the importance of this factor in the evolution of plant-insect herbivore interactions. Analysis of parasitoid ...


Fish parasites resolve the paradox of missing coextinctions

Nature Communications, Vol. 4 (16 April 2013), 1718,


Models of coextinction identify parasites as one of the most menaced ecological groups. The number of host species a parasite uses should strongly affect its risk of coextinction. The naïve expectation is that the lower the number, the higher is the parasite’s risk of being left with no hosts. Here we analyse the coextinction risk of 12,141 fish parasite species and find that highly specific parasites are not the most endangered, because they tend to use hosts with low vulnerability to ...

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Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.