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Selection: with tag paradox [5 articles] 


Helping a victim or helping the victim: altruism and identifiability

Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Vol. 26, No. 1. (2003), pp. 5-16,


Although it has been claimed that people care more about identifiable than statistical victims, demonstrating this “identifiable victim effect” has proven difficult because identification usually provides information about a victim, and people may respond to the information rather than to identification per se. We show that a very weak form of identifiability—determining the victim without providing any personalizing information—increases caring. In the first, laboratory study, subjects were more willing to compensate others who lost money when the losers had already been ...


How to fight corruption

Science, Vol. 356, No. 6340. (26 May 2017), pp. 803-804,


Anticorruption initiatives are often put forth as solutions to problems of waste and inefficiency in government programs. It's easy to see why. So often, somewhere along the chain that links the many participants in public service provision or other government activities, funds may get stolen or misdirected, bribes exchanged for preferential treatment, or genuine consumers of public services supplemented by “ghost” users. As a result, corruption reduces economic growth and leaves citizens disillusioned and distrustful of government (1). It is tempting ...


Resolving the biodiversity paradox

Ecology Letters, Vol. 10, No. 8. (August 2007), pp. 647-659,


The paradox of biodiversity involves three elements, (i) mathematical models predict that species must differ in specific ways in order to coexist as stable ecological communities, (ii) such differences are difficult to identify, yet (iii) there is widespread evidence of stability in natural communities. Debate has centred on two views. The first explanation involves tradeoffs along a small number of axes, including ‘colonization-competition’, resource competition (light, water, nitrogen for plants, including the ‘successional niche’), and life history (e.g. high-light growth vs. ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 24

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   overlapping-clustering   overspecialization   overview   overwhelming-uncertainty   oxalis-spp   ozone   p-value   pacific-islands   paleo-climate   paleo-data   paleobiogeography   paleobiology   paleobotany   paleoclimate-dynamics   paleoclimatic-models   paleoclimatology   paleoecology   paleoenvironment   paleohydrology   paleolithic   paliurus-spina-christi   palynology   pandanus-tectorius   panicum-spp   paper   papua-new-guinea   paradox   paragnetina   parallelism   paranthrene-tabaniformis   parasite   parasitism   parasitoid-recruitment   pareto-distribution   pareto-frontier   pareto-principle   parkinsonia-aculeata   parkinsonia-florida   parrotia-persica   parthenolecanium-corni   partial-open-loop-feedback-control   partial-protection   partial-uprooting   participation   participatory-modelling   particle-swarm-optimisation   particle-swarm-optimization   particulate-matter   partitioning   past-observations   pastoral-activities   pasture   patch-dynamics   paternity-analysis   pathogens   pattern   paulownia-tomentosa   payoff-vs-cost   pca   peak   peak-ground-acceleration   peatlands   pedogenesis-model   pedogenic-factors   peer-review   pellets   peloponnese   peltogyne-purpurea   percent   perl   permafrost   permanent-plot   persea-borbonia   perspective   perspective-article   peru   pesera   pesotum-synnemata   ph   phacidium-infestans   phaenops-spp   phaeoacremonium-aleophilum   phaeocryptopus-gaeumannii   phaeostigma-notata   pharmacology   phassus-excrescens   phellodendron-amurense   phenolic-compounds   phenolics   phenology   phenotypes-vs-genotypes   philadelphus-coronarius   philaenus-spumarius   phillyrea-latifolia   phloemyzus-passerinii  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Democratic decisions establish stable authorities that overcome the paradox of second-order punishment

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, No. 2. (23 January 2013), pp. 201315273-756,


[Significance] Humans usually punish free riders but refuse to sanction those who cooperate but do not punish. However, such second-order punishment is essential to maintain cooperation. The central authorities established in modern societies punish both free riders and tax evaders. This is a paradox: would individuals who do not engage in second-order punishment strive for an authority that does? We address this puzzle with a mathematical model and an economic experiment. When individuals can choose between authorities by migrating between different ...

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Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.