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Selection: with tag paleoecology [35 articles] 

 

Ancestral alliances: plant mutualistic symbioses with fungi and bacteria

  
Science, Vol. 356, No. 6340. (25 May 2017), eaad4501, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aad4501

Abstract

[Taking a look at plant-microbe relationships] Ever since plants colonized land, they have evolved a range of mutualistic associations with bacteria and fungi. Indeed, such associations were probably required for plants to grow on harsh, nutrient-poor surfaces. Martin et al. review the spectrum of plant-microbe symbioses and their evolution, including evidence from the Rhynie Chert of the Devonian period and modern associations. Surprisingly, diverse functional plant-microbial symbioses have several common conserved features, including signaling pathways, immune evasion, and root development. [Structured Abstract] [::Background] Among the ...

 

Charcoal as a fire proxy

  
In Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments: Terrestrial, Algal, and Siliceous Indicators, Vol. 3 (2001), pp. 75-97, https://doi.org/10.1007/0-306-47668-1_5

Abstract

[Excerpt: Summary] Charcoal particles preserved in lake sediments provide a means of reconstructing fire history beyond documentary and dendrochrological records. Recent refinements in charcoal analysis and interpretation have greatly improved our ability to use charcoal records as proxy of past fire events and to calculate long-term variations in fire frequency. Standardization has also facilitated synthesis of different researchers’ data. Interpretating charcoal records in terms of the fire location, size, and intensity requires an understanding of the processes that influence charcoal production, transport, and deposition. Studies of charcoal deposition following ...

 

The human dimension of fire regimes on Earth

  
Journal of Biogeography, Vol. 38, No. 12. (2011), pp. 2223-2236, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02595.x

Abstract

Humans and their ancestors are unique in being a fire-making species, but ‘natural’ (i.e. independent of humans) fires have an ancient, geological history on Earth. Natural fires have influenced biological evolution and global biogeochemical cycles, making fire integral to the functioning of some biomes. Globally, debate rages about the impact on ecosystems of prehistoric human-set fires, with views ranging from catastrophic to negligible. Understanding of the diversity of human fire regimes on Earth in the past, present and future remains rudimentary. ...

 

European tree dynamics and invasions during the Quaternary

  
In Introduced tree species in European forests: opportunities and challenges (2016), pp. 22-43

Abstract

The abundance and distribution of terrestrial organisms vary in space and time over a wide range of scales from a single 25x25 m plot to whole continents and from days to millennia. Trees are no exception but the relevant temporal and spatial scales are naturally different from those for a small annual forest herb because of the long life-span and large size of trees. [Excerpt: Introduction] European trees have varied in their abundance and geographical distribution over the last 5 million years or more in ...

References

  1. Allen, J.R.M., Huntley, B., 2009. Last interglacial palaeovegetation, palaeoenvironments and chronology: a new record from Lago Grande di Monticchio, southern Italy. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 1521-1538.
  2. Bennett, K.D., 1983. Post-glacial population expansion of forest trees in Norfolk, UK. Nature 303, 164-167.
  3. Bennett, K.D., 1986. The rate of spread and population increase of forest trees during the Postglacial. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B-Biological Sciences 314, 523-531.
 

Glacial legacies on interglacial vegetation at the Pliocene-Pleistocene transition in NE Asia

  
Nature Communications, Vol. 7 (24 June 2016), 11967, https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11967

Abstract

Broad-scale climate control of vegetation is widely assumed. Vegetation-climate lags are generally thought to have lasted no more than a few centuries. Here our palaeoecological study challenges this concept over glacial–interglacial timescales. Through multivariate analyses of pollen assemblages from Lake El’gygytgyn, Russian Far East and other data we show that interglacial vegetation during the Plio-Pleistocene transition mainly reflects conditions of the preceding glacial instead of contemporary interglacial climate. Vegetation–climate disequilibrium may persist for several millennia, related to the combined effects of ...

 

Strong paleoclimatic legacies in current plant functional diversity patterns across Europe

  
Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 6, No. 10. (1 May 2016), pp. 3405-3416, https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.2131

Abstract

Numerous studies indicate that environmental changes during the late Quaternary have elicited long-term disequilibria between species diversity and environment. Despite its importance for ecosystem functioning, the importance of historical environmental conditions as determinants of FD (functional diversity) remains largely unstudied. We quantified the geographic distributions of plant FD (richness and dispersion) across Europe using distribution and functional trait information for 2702 plant species. We then compared the importance of historical and contemporary factors to determine the relevance of past conditions as ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 24

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   overlapping-clustering   overspecialization   overview   overwhelming-uncertainty   oxalis-spp   ozone   p-value   pacific-islands   paleo-climate   paleo-data   paleobiogeography   paleobiology   paleobotany   paleoclimate-dynamics   paleoclimatic-models   paleoclimatology   paleoecology   paleoenvironment   paleohydrology   paleolithic   paliurus-spina-christi   palynology   pandanus-tectorius   panicum-spp   paper   papua-new-guinea   paradox   paragnetina   parallelism   paranthrene-tabaniformis   parasite   parasitism   parasitoid-recruitment   pareto-distribution   pareto-frontier   pareto-principle   parkinsonia-aculeata   parkinsonia-florida   parrotia-persica   parthenolecanium-corni   partial-open-loop-feedback-control   partial-protection   partial-uprooting   participation   participatory-modelling   particle-swarm-optimisation   particle-swarm-optimization   particulate-matter   partitioning   past-observations   pastoral-activities   pasture   patch-dynamics   paternity-analysis   pathogens   pattern   paulownia-tomentosa   payoff-vs-cost   pca   peak   peak-ground-acceleration   peatlands   pedogenesis-model   pedogenic-factors   peer-review   pellets   peloponnese   peltogyne-purpurea   percent   perl   permafrost   permanent-plot   persea-borbonia   perspective   perspective-article   peru   pesera   pesotum-synnemata   ph   phacidium-infestans   phaenops-spp   phaeoacremonium-aleophilum   phaeocryptopus-gaeumannii   phaeostigma-notata   pharmacology   phassus-excrescens   phellodendron-amurense   phenolic-compounds   phenolics   phenology   phenotypes-vs-genotypes   philadelphus-coronarius   philaenus-spumarius   phillyrea-latifolia   phloemyzus-passerinii  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems

  
Science, Vol. 293, No. 5530. (2001), pp. 629-637, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1059199

Abstract

Ecological extinction caused by overfishing precedes all other pervasive human disturbance to coastal ecosystems, including pollution, degradation of water quality, and anthropogenic climate change. Historical abundances of large consumer species were fantastically large in comparison with recent observations. Paleoecological, archaeological, and historical data show that time lags of decades to centuries occurred between the onset of overfishing and consequent changes in ecological communities, because unfished species of similar trophic level assumed the ecological roles of overfished species until they too were ...

 

European atlas of forest tree species

  
Keywords: bioeconomy   chorology   classification   climate   constrained-spatial-multi-frequency-analysis   data-heterogeneity   data-integration   data-uncertainty   disasters   disturbances   ecological-zones   ecology   ecosystem-services   europe   floods   forest-fires   forest-pests   forest-resources   free-software   geospatial   geospatial-semantic-array-programming   gis   gnu-bash   gnu-linux   gnu-octave   habitat-suitability   integrated-modelling   integrated-natural-resources-modelling-and-management   integration-techniques   knowledge-integration   landslides   mastrave-modelling-library   modelling-uncertainty   open-data   paleoecology   relative-distance-similarity   reproducible-research   review   science-policy-interface   science-society-interface   semantic-array-programming   semantic-constraints   semantics   semap   software-uncertainty   soil-erosion   soil-resources   species-distribution   tree-species   uncertainty   water-resources   windstorm  

Abstract

[Excerpt] The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is the first comprehensive publication of such a unique and essential environmental resource, that is, our trees. Leading scientists and forestry professionals have contributed in the many stages of the production of this atlas, through the collection of ground data on the location of tree species, elaboration of the distribution and suitability maps, production of the photographic material and compilation of the different chapters. The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is both ...

 

Late Pliocene palaeoenvironment and correlation of the Vildštejn floristic complex within Central Europe

  
(1985)
 

Holocene Isochrone Maps and Patterns of Tree-Spreading in the British Isles

  
Journal of Biogeography, Vol. 16, No. 6. (1989), pp. 503-540
Keywords: isochrone   maps   paleoecology   plant-species   pollen  

Abstract

Isochrone maps for Betula L., Corylus avellana L., Ulmus L., Pinus sylvestris L., Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn., Tilia L., Fraxinus excelsior L. and Fagus sylvatica L. in the Holocene of the British Isles, constructed from 135 radiocarbon-dated pollen diagrams, provide a basis for studying the patterns of tree spread. They highlight the strongly individualistic behaviour of each taxon in its arrival areas, directions, timings, rates of spread, and attainment of broad-scale range limits. The biological processes that enable forest trees to ...

 

Quaternary Palaeoecology

  
(1980), 289
Keywords: paleoecology   quaternary  

Abstract

Quaternary Palaeoecology, first published in 1980, discusses the methods and approaches by which Quaternary environments can be reconstructed from the fossil and sedimentary record. This knowledge is of great value as the Quaternary was a time of rapid ecological change, culminating in the present pattern and diversity of ecosystems. It is possible not only to relate these changes to fluctuating climates but also to infer what Man's early influence may have been. The authors describe how past flora and fauna can ...

 

Paleoecology

  
In Encyclopedia of Ecology (2008), pp. 2623-2634, https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-008045405-4.00525-5
Keywords: community   ecology   paleoecology   quaternary  

Abstract

Paleoecology is the ecology of the past. It is mainly concerned with reconstructing past biota, populations, communities, landscapes, environments, and ecosystems from available geological and biological (fossil) evidence. There are two major types of paleoecology: Quaternary paleoecology, concerned with the last 2.8 million years of Earth’s history, and deep-time palaeoecology, based on fossils from pre-Quaternary sediments over a wide range of timescales. The major philosophical concepts in paleoecology are simplicity, the method of multiple working hypotheses, and methodological uniformitarianism. There is ...

 

Handbook of holocene palaeoecology and palaeohydrology

  
Vol. 3 (1986)
edited by B. E. Berglund

Abstract

A masterly compendium on the study of water sediment movement in the past, this handbook encompasses the palaeohydrology of the temperature zone over the last 15,000 years. The book begins with the theoretical background to environment change, examining relationships between physical and biological environments and how they are affected by changes in climate, hydrology and human impact. Then, the material focuses on the research strategy applied to palaeoecological studies of lakes and mires. The final section discusses the numerical treatment of ...

 

The Rise and Fall of Forests

  
Science, Vol. 305, No. 5683. (23 July 2004), pp. 484-485, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1101357

Abstract

After a catastrophic disturbance to an ecosystem, there is an initial period of ecosystem buildup, eventually followed (in the absence of another major disturbance) by a decline phase during which ecosystem productivity and plant biomass decrease. In their Perspective, Birks and Birks discuss a recent chronosequence analysis of six types of forest ecosystem that demonstrates how changes in soil composition contribute to ecosystem decline during interglacial periods ( Wardle et al.). ...

 

How open were European primeval forests? Hypothesis testing using palaeoecological data

  
Journal of Ecology, Vol. 93, No. 1. (1 February 2005), pp. 168-177, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2004.00964.x

Abstract

* 1The Vera hypothesis that large herbivores maintained an open landscape in the primeval landscape of lowland Europe is tested using palaeoecological data. The hypothesis suggests that the high abundance of Quercus and Corylus apparent in European pollen diagrams could not have derived from a landscape dominated by closed canopy forests. If natural forest landscapes were indeed more open, current forest conservation management policy across Europe would need to be reconsidered. * 2Relative proportions of Quercus and Corylus pollen are compared ...

 

Mind the gap: how open were European primeval forests?

  
Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 20, No. 4. (April 2005), pp. 154-156, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2005.02.001

Abstract

There are two competing hypotheses about the structure and dynamics of primeval forests in lowland Europe: the high-forest and the wood-pasture hypotheses, both of which influence current European forest conservation policies. In a recent study using pollen-analytical data from across lowland Europe, Mitchell provides support for rejecting the wood-pasture hypothesis. His study is important for future forest management planning and for showing how hypotheses about large herbivores as biotic factors can be tested using palaeoecological data. ...

 

Last Interglacial palaeovegetation, palaeoenvironments and chronology: a new record from Lago Grande di Monticchio, southern Italy

  
Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 28, No. 15-16. (23 July 2009), pp. 1521-1538, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.02.013

Abstract

The sediments of Lago Grande di Monticchio, southern Italy, extend continuously from the present back to the penultimate glacial stage and have an independent lamination-based chronology of high precision and accuracy. Results are presented here from a detailed palynological investigation of that part of the sediment sequence that extends from the last millennia of the penultimate glacial stage to the first stadial following the Last Interglacial (LI). Quantitative palaeovegetation and palaeoclimate reconstructions made from the palynological data are also presented. The ...

 

Regional spread and stand-scale establishment of Fagus sylvatica and Picea abies in scandinavia : Paleoperspective in ecology

  
Ecology, Vol. 87 (1999), pp. 1679-1686

Abstract

Palaeoecological studies are yielding fresh insights into slow forest ecosystem processes that are rarely observed using standard ecological methods, yet have major impacts on ecosystem function. Regional pollen data describe the broad features of the regional spread of trees but yield few insights into the processes of stand invasion and the facilitating role of disturbance. Pollen and charcoal data from small forest hollows are used to complement regional data in the study of the spread of Picea abies and Fagus sylvatica ...

 

The Holocene spread of spruce in Scandinavia

  
(2004)

Abstract

The Holocene spread of Picea abies in Scandinavia provides an excellent opportunity for detailed study of the dynamics of tree spread and population expansion. Early- and mid-Holocene macrofossil evidence for the presence of Picea abies in Scandinavia has questioned traditional interpretations of the timing and direction of its spread. This study aims to determine the pattern of the spread of Picea abies in Scandinavia from pollen and other data, to evaluate the significance of possible early outpost populations and to deduce ...

 

Fire ecology north and south of the Alps since the last ice age

  
The Holocene, Vol. 15, No. 8. (01 December 2005), pp. 1214-1226, https://doi.org/10.1191/0959683605hl892rp

Abstract

Wildfires are very rare in central Europe, which is probably why fire effects on vegetation have been neglected by most central European ecologists and palaeoecologists. Presently, reconstructions of fire history and fire ecology are almost absent. We analysed sediment cores from lakes on the Swiss Plateau (Lobsigensee and Soppensee) for pollen and charcoal to investigate the relationship between vegetation and fire. Microscopic charcoal evidence suggests increasing regional fire frequencies during the Neolithic (7350-4150 cal. BP, 5400-2200 BC) and the subsequent prehistoric ...

 

Quaternary palaeoecology and vegetation science - current contributions and possible future developments

  
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Vol. 79, No. 1-2. (October 1993), pp. 153-177, https://doi.org/10.1016/0034-6667(93)90045-v
Keywords: paleoecology   quaternary   vegetation  

Abstract

Quaternary palaeoecology and vegetation science seem to have little in common today, despite similar aims and interests. Both subjects have much to contribute to each other. Three contributions of vegetation science to Quaternary palaeoecology are discussed: (1) the ecological interpretation of fossil assemblages using the plant-sociological literature, (2) the numerical arrangement of stratigraphical pollen diagrams to produce “structured” pollen diagrams, and (3) the use of ecological indicator values to reconstruct past environments from local-scale pollen-stratigraphical data. Three contributions of Quaternary palaeoecology ...

 

Model systems for a no-analog future: species associations and climates during the last deglaciation

  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1297, No. 1. (1 September 2013), pp. 29-43, https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.12226
Keywords: no-analogue   paleoecology   sdm  

Abstract

As the earth system moves to a novel state, model systems (experimental, observational, paleoecological) are needed to assess and improve the predictive accuracy of ecological models under environments with no contemporary analog. In recent years, we have intensively studied the no-analog plant associations and climates in eastern North America during the last deglaciation to better constrain their spatiotemporal distribution, test hypotheses about climatic and megaherbivory controls, and assess the accuracy of species- and community-level models. The formation of no-analog plant associations ...

 

MODERN ANALOGS IN QUATERNARY PALEOECOLOGY: Here Today, Gone Yesterday, Gone Tomorrow?

  
Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Vol. 32, No. 1. (2004), pp. 495-537, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.earth.32.101802.120435

Abstract

▪ Abstract Modern analog analysis, the comparison of Quaternary fossil pollen assemblages with modern assemblages, has long been a mainstay of paleoecological and paleoclimatic inference. The logic of analogical inference involves a comparative element (comparison of modern and fossil assemblages to select matches and assess goodness of fit) and a causal element (assumption that the relationships between modern vegetation and derivative pollen assemblages are matched by those between ancient vegetation and fossil pollen assemblages). An array of numerical and statistical tools have ...

 

Ecological palaeoecology and conservation biology: controversies, challenges, and compromises

  
International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management, Vol. 8, No. 4. (5 July 2012), pp. 292-304, https://doi.org/10.1080/21513732.2012.701667

Abstract

Until recently, ecological palaeoecology (a part of long-term ecology) and conservation biology were considered two separate subjects with little relevance to each other. With the shift from description and evaluation in conservation biology in the 1960s?1990s to the paradigm of ?conservation in a rapidly changing world? in the late 1990s, conservationists began to realise the importance of the temporal dimension in developing conservation strategies to allow for landscape and ecosystem change. Despite this paradigm shift, ecological palaeoecology is still largely ignored ...

 

Past and future evolution of Abies alba forests in Europe - Comparison of a dynamic vegetation model with palaeo data and observations

  
Global Change Biology, Vol. 22 (1 August 2015), pp. 727-740, https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13075

Abstract

Information on how species distributions and ecosystem services are impacted by anthropogenic climate change is important for adaptation planning. Palaeo-data suggest that Abies alba formed forests under significantly warmer-than-present conditions in Europe and might be a native substitute for widespread drought-sensitive temperate and boreal tree species such as beech (Fagus sylvatica) and spruce (Picea abies) under future global warming conditions. Here, we combine pollen and macrofossil data, modern observations, and results from transient simulations with the LPX-Bern dynamic global vegetation model ...

 

The European Modern Pollen Database (EMPD) project

  
Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, Vol. 22, No. 6. (2013), pp. 521-530, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-012-0388-5
Keywords: data   europe   paleo-climate   paleoecology   pollen   vegetation  

Abstract

Modern pollen samples provide an invaluable research tool for helping to interpret the quaternary fossil pollen record, allowing investigation of the relationship between pollen as the proxy and the environmental parameters such as vegetation, land-use, and climate that the pollen proxy represents. The European Modern Pollen Database (EMPD) is a new initiative within the European Pollen Database (EPD) to establish a publicly accessible repository of modern (surface sample) pollen data. This new database will complement the EPD, which at present holds ...

 

The evolutionary history of Fagus in western Eurasia: Evidence from genes, morphology and the fossil record

  
Plant Systematics and Evolution, Vol. 232, No. 3-4. (2002), pp. 213-236, https://doi.org/10.1007/s006060200044

Abstract

Fagus (beech) is among the most abundant and economically important genera of broad-leaved trees in northern hemisphere temperate forests. The number of modern taxa present in Europe and Asia Minor has long been a matter of debate and up to five species have been recognised. To resolve taxonomic and phylogenetic relationships we conducted morphological and molecular genetic analyses in western Eurasiatic taxa and evaluated palaeontological evidence. To place our findings from western Eurasiatic populations in a broader context additional East Asiatic ...

 

Unexpected presence of Fagus orientalis complex in Italy as inferred from 45,000-year-old DNA pollen samples from Venice lagoon

  
BMC Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 7, No. Suppl 2. (16 August 2007), S6, https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-7-s2-s6

Abstract

[Background] Phylogeographic analyses on the Western Euroasiatic Fagus taxa (F. orientalis, F. sylvatica, F. taurica and F. moesiaca) is available, however, the subdivision of Fagus spp. is unresolved and there is no consensus on the phylogeny and on the identification (both with morphological than molecular markers) of Fagus Eurasiatic taxa. [\n] For the first time molecular analyses of ancient pollen, dated at least 45,000 years ago, were used in combination with the phylogeny analysis on current species, to identify the Fagus spp. present ...

 

Calibrated pollen accumulation rates as a basis for quantitative tree biomass reconstructions

  
The Holocene, Vol. 19, No. 2. (01 March 2009), pp. 209-220, https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683608100565

Abstract

Recent investigations show that the pollen accumulation rate (PAR) of the common tree taxa is directly related to the biomass and, by inference, to the population size of the taxa around the study site. Fossil PAR records preserved in lakes provide therefore a potential proxy for quantitative biomass and population reconstructions. We use the high-resolution PAR records obtained from two accurately dated lake sediment cores in Finland to generate quantitative Holocene biomass records for Pinus, Picea and Betula, the most common ...

 

Vegetation and fire history of the Euganean Hills (Colli Euganei) as recorded by Lateglacial and Holocene sedimentary series from Lago della Costa (northeastern Italy)

  
The Holocene, Vol. 20, No. 5. (01 August 2010), pp. 679-695, https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683609358911

Abstract

We reconstruct the vegetational and fire history of the Colli Euganei and northeastern Po Plain from c . 16 500 cal. BP to the present using AMS-dated sedimentary pollen, microscopic and macroscopic charcoal records. Our study site, Lago della Costa, is the only natural water basin with an undisturbed late-Quaternary sediment accumulation in the northeastern Po Plain. Mixed coniferous-deciduous forests occurred since at latest 14 500 cal. BP. Gradual expansion of e.g. Alnus glutinosa and Carpinus betulus is documented after c. ...

 

Vegetation history of the walnut forests in Kyrgyzstan (Central Asia): natural or anthropogenic origin?

  
Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 27, No. 5-6. (March 2008), pp. 621-632, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.11.012

Abstract

Extensive forests of common walnut (Juglans regia L.) occur in the mountains of the Fergana and the Chatkal Ranges of Kyrgyzstan (Central Asia), where they form a rich cultural landscape with a mosaic of natural and planted forest stands, fields, pastures, and drier open areas. These remote forests are likely to be an important genetic resource for J. regia, not only for in situ conservation but also as a resource for tree breeding. Pollen and charcoal analyses of the sediments of ...

 

Early human impact (5000-3000 BC) affects mountain forest dynamics in the Alps

  
Journal of Ecology, Vol. 103, No. 2. (1 March 2015), pp. 281-295, https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12354

Abstract

[Summary] [::] The resilience, diversity and stability of mountain ecosystems are threatened by climatic as well as land-use changes, but the combined effects of these drivers are only poorly understood. [::] We combine two high-resolution sediment records from Iffigsee (2065 m a.s.l.) and Lauenensee (1382 m a.s.l.) at different elevations in the Northern Swiss Alps to provide a detailed history of vegetational changes during the period of first pastoralism (ca. 7000–5000 cal. BP, 5000–3000 BC) in order to understand ongoing and future changes ...

 

Conifers of the mastixioideae-flora from wiesa near kamenz (Saxony, Miocene) with special consideration of leaves [Die koniferen der mastixioideen-flora von wiesa bei kamenz (Sachsen, Miozän) unter besonderer berücksichtigung der nadelblätter]

  
Palaeontographica Abteilung B: Palaeophytologie, Vol. 272 (2005), pp. 67-135

Abstract

The coniferous part of the classical Mastixioideae-flora from Wiesa near Kamenz, Saxony (Lower Miocene) is described, partly revised and supplemented. The detailed investigation of the leaves by cuticular analysis is a central aim of this study. The leaf morphospecies Abies cf. resinosa, Cathaya roseltii, Nothotsuga protogaea sp. nova, Tsuga schneideriana sp. nova, Pityophyllum wiesaensis sp. nova, Sequoia abietina, Taxus engelhardtii and Torreya bilinica, and female cones of Quasisequoia couttsiae and Tetraclinis salicornioides are described for the first time from this locality. ...

 

The past ecology of Abies alba provides new perspectives on future responses of silver fir forests to global warming

  
Ecological Monographs, Vol. 83, No. 4. (November 2013), pp. 419-439, https://doi.org/10.1890/12-2231.1

Abstract

Paleoecology can provide valuable insights into the ecology of species that complement observation and experiment-based assessments of climate impact dynamics. New paleoecological records (e.g., pollen, macrofossils) from the Italian Peninsula suggest a much wider climatic niche of the important European tree species Abies alba (silver fir) than observed in its present spatial range. To explore this discrepancy between current and past distribution of the species, we analyzed climatic data (temperature, precipitation, frost, humidity, sunshine) and vegetation-independent paleoclimatic reconstructions (e.g., lake levels, ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database. http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/paleoecology

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.