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Selection: with tag open-data [149 articles] 

 

Global River Widths from Landsat (GRWL) database

  

Abstract

[Excerpt] If you use the GRWL Database in your work, please cite: Allen and Pavelsky (2018) Global Extent of Rivers and Streams. Science. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat0636 [\n] Check out the GRWL Database website: http://gaia.geosci.unc.edu/GRWL/ [\n] This long-term repository contains three files: [::1] Simplified GRWL Vector Product: GRWL_summaryStats_V01.01.zip [::2] GRWL Mask (raster): GRWL_mask_V01.01.zip [::3] GRWL Vector Product: GRWL_vector_V01.01.zip [...] ...

 

Global extent of rivers and streams

  
Science (28 June 2018), eaat0636, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat0636

Abstract

[Expanding the role of rivers] The surfaces of rivers and streams are interfaces for a host of chemical exchanges with the atmosphere and biosphere. For instance, carbon dioxide outgassing from rivers is estimated to be equivalent to one-fifth of combined emissions from fossil fuel combustion and cement production. Allen and Pavelsky used satellite imagery to estimate the surface area of rivers and streams (see the Perspective by Palmer and Ruhi). The stunning map that they generated results in an upward revision, by ...

 

Development of a global hybrid forest mask through the synergy of remote sensing, crowdsourcing and FAO statistics

  
Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 162 (June 2015), pp. 208-220, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2015.02.011

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Forest extent from 8 products was validated using crowdsourced data. [::] The first global 1 km forest cover map (in contrast with tree cover) was elaborated. [::] A hybrid forest map calibrated with FAO FRA data is produced. [::] Both crowdsourced data and result hybrid maps are made publicly available. [Abstract] A number of global and regional maps of forest extent are available, but when compared spatially, there are large areas of disagreement. Moreover, there is currently no global forest map that is consistent with ...

 

The extent of forest in dryland biomes

  
Science, Vol. 356, No. 6338. (12 May 2017), pp. 635-638, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aam6527

Abstract

[Mapping the world's dry forests] The extent of forest area in dryland habitats, which occupy more than 40% of Earth's land surface, is uncertain compared with that in other biomes. Bastin et al. provide a global estimate of forest extent in drylands, calculated from high-resolution satellite images covering more than 200,000 plots. Forests in drylands are much more extensive than previously reported and cover a total area similar to that of tropical rainforests or boreal forests. This increases estimates of global forest ...

 

Comment on “The extent of forest in dryland biomes”

  
Science, Vol. 358, No. 6362. (26 October 2017), eaao0166, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aao0166

Abstract

Bastin et al. (Reports, 12 May 2017, p. 635) claim to have discovered 467 million hectares of new dryland forest. We would argue that these additional areas are not completely “new” and that some have been reported before. A second shortcoming is that not all sources of uncertainty are considered; the uncertainty could be much higher than the reported value of 3.5%. ...

 

Response to Comment on “The extent of forest in dryland biomes”

  
Science, Vol. 358, No. 6362. (26 October 2017), eaao2070, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aao2070

Abstract

Schepaschenko et al. question our findings, claiming that we did not refer to all existing maps and that we did not account for all sources of uncertainty. In our response, we detail our selection criteria for reference maps, which clarify why the work of Schepaschenko et al. was not used, and we explain why our uncertainty assessment is complete and how it was misunderstood by Schepaschenko et al. ...

 

Global, 30-m resolution continuous fields of tree cover: Landsat-based rescaling of MODIS vegetation continuous fields with lidar-based estimates of error

  
International Journal of Digital Earth, Vol. 6, No. 5. (21 September 2013), pp. 427-448, https://doi.org/10.1080/17538947.2013.786146

Abstract

We developed a global, 30-m resolution dataset of percent tree cover by rescaling the 250-m MOderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Vegetation Continuous Fields (VCF) Tree Cover layer using circa- 2000 and 2005 Landsat images, incorporating the MODIS Cropland Layer to improve accuracy in agricultural areas. Resulting Landsat-based estimates maintained consistency with the MODIS VCF in both epochs (RMSE = 8.6% in 2000 and 11.9% in 2005), but showed improved accuracy in agricultural areas and increased discrimination of small forest patches. Against lidar ...

 

Species-specific, pan-European diameter increment models based on data of 2.3 million trees

  
Forest Ecosystems, Vol. 5, No. 1. (3 April 2018), https://doi.org/10.1186/s40663-018-0133-3

Abstract

[Background] Over the last decades, many forest simulators have been developed for the forests of individual European countries. The underlying growth models are usually based on national datasets of varying size, obtained from National Forest Inventories or from long-term research plots. Many of these models include country- and location-specific predictors, such as site quality indices that may aggregate climate, soil properties and topography effects. Consequently, it is not sensible to compare such models among countries, and it is often impossible to apply ...

 

A new European settlement map from optical remotely sensed data

  
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, Vol. 9, No. 5. (May 2016), pp. 1978-1992, https://doi.org/10.1109/jstars.2015.2485662

Abstract

An application of a general methodology for processing very high-resolution imagery to produce a European Settlement Map (ESM) in support of policy-makers is presented. The process mapped around 10 million km2 of the European continent. The input image data are satellite SPOT-5/6 pan-sharpened multispectral images of 2.5- and 1.5-m spatial resolution, respectively. This is the first time that remote sensing technology demonstrates capability to produce a continental information layer using 2.5-m input images. Moreover, it is the highest resolution continental map ...

 

High-resolution mapping of global surface water and its long-term changes

  
Nature, Vol. 540, No. 7633. (7 December 2016), pp. 418-422, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature20584

Abstract

The location and persistence of surface water (inland and coastal) is both affected by climate and human activity and affects climate, biological diversity and human wellbeing. Global data sets documenting surface water location and seasonality have been produced from inventories and national descriptions, statistical extrapolation of regional data and satellite imagery, but measuring long-term changes at high resolution remains a challenge. Here, using three million Landsat satellite images, we quantify changes in global surface water over the past 32 years at ...

 

Development of new open and free multi-temporal global population grids at 250 m resolution

  
In Proceedings of the 19th AGILE International Conference on Geographic Information Science (2016)

Abstract

Global population grids are increasingly required and used for countless applications in analysis, modeling, and policy-making. However, better and comparable global information requires improved geospatial data on population distribution and densities, in particular concerning temporal and spatial resolution and capacity for change assessment. [\n] This paper presents the development of improved global multi-temporal population grids, ...

 

Nigeria AIMS geocoded research release, version 1.3.1

  
In AidData Datasets (2016)
Keywords: data   development   funding   geospatial   nigeria   open-data  

Abstract

[Excerpt: Full description] This geocoded dataset release represents all projects in Nigeria's Development Assistance Database (DAD). It tracks 595 projects across 1843 locations between 1988 and 2014. Data for $2,116,331,293.00 in geocoded commitments and $6,093,125,384.00 in geocoded disbursements are contained within the dataset. The included "project.tsv," "locations.tsv," and "transactions.tsv" are structured so as to be combinable with other v1.0 geocoded dataset releases. All tables in the data folder can be joined by DAD project ids. This ...

 

New global forest/non-forest maps from ALOS PALSAR data (2007–2010)

  
Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 155 (December 2014), pp. 13-31, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2014.04.014

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Global mosaics of ALOS-SAR data were generated annually from 2007 to 2010. [::] Region variability in L-band HH and HV gamma-naught (γ0) for forests was observed. [::] Region-specific thresholds were applied to produce a global forest/non-forest map. [::] The overall agreement was 95%. [::] Annual decreases of HH and HV γ0 suggest a decrease in forest and smoothing Earth. [Abstract] Four global mosaics of Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS) Phased Arrayed L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) HH and HV polarization data were generated at 25 m ...

 

Global land cover mapping at 30m resolution: A POK-based operational approach

  
ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Vol. 103 (May 2015), pp. 7-27, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2014.09.002

Abstract

Global Land Cover (GLC) information is fundamental for environmental change studies, land resource management, sustainable development, and many other societal benefits. Although GLC data exists at spatial resolutions of 300 m and 1000 m, a 30 m resolution mapping approach is now a feasible option for the next generation of GLC products. Since most significant human impacts on the land system can be captured at this scale, a number of researchers are focusing on such products. This paper reports the operational ...

 

Spatially-explicit models of global tree density

  
Scientific Data, Vol. 3 (16 August 2016), 160069, https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2016.69

Abstract

Remote sensing and geographic analysis of woody vegetation provide means of evaluating the distribution of natural resources, patterns of biodiversity and ecosystem structure, and socio-economic drivers of resource utilization. While these methods bring geographic datasets with global coverage into our day-to-day analytic spheres, many of the studies that rely on these strategies do not capitalize on the extensive collection of existing field data. We present the methods and maps associated with the first spatially-explicit models of global tree density, which relied ...

 

A global map of travel time to cities to assess inequalities in accessibility in 2015

  
Nature, Vol. 553, No. 7688. (10 January 2018), pp. 333-336, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature25181

Abstract

The economic and man-made resources that sustain human wellbeing are not distributed evenly across the world, but are instead heavily concentrated in cities. Poor access to opportunities and services offered by urban centres (a function of distance, transport infrastructure, and the spatial distribution of cities) is a major barrier to improved livelihoods and overall development. Advancing accessibility worldwide underpins the equity agenda of ‘leaving no one behind’ established by the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations. This has renewed international ...

 

A new fully gap-free time series of land surface temperature from MODIS LST data

  
Remote Sensing, Vol. 9, No. 12. (20 December 2017), 1333, https://doi.org/10.3390/rs9121333

Abstract

Temperature time series with high spatial and temporal resolutions are important for several applications. The new MODIS Land Surface Temperature (LST) collection 6 provides numerous improvements compared to collection 5. However, being remotely sensed data in the thermal range, LST shows gaps in cloud-covered areas. We present a novel method to fully reconstruct MODIS daily LST products for central Europe at 1 km resolution and globally, at 3 arc-min. We combined temporal and spatial interpolation, using emissivity and elevation as covariates ...

 

Open geospatial data: an assessment of global boundary datasets

  
In Proceedings of the 20th annual GIS Research UK (GISRUK 2012) (2012), 35

Abstract

[Excerpt: Conclusion] Through comparison of GAUL, GADM and UNSALB boundary datasets we found that each dataset has advantages and drawbacks in terms of accuracy and usability, but overall GAUL was the best dataset due to the accuracy and completeness of the dataset. While UNSALB boundaries have the highest rate of accuracy because of validation with national mapping agencies, it is limited in geographic scope. Although GADM has a global scale, many of the boundaries are outdated and it is unclear whether GADM organizers have utilized public feedback ...

 

GlobalTreeSearch online database

  
(2017)

Abstract

[Excerpt] GlobalTreeSearch is the most comprehensive list of tree species and their country-level distributions. The database is the result of over two years of work to gather both tree species names and their country level distributions. Our intention is for GlobalTreeSearch to be used as a tool for monitoring and managing tree species diversity, forests and carbon stocks on a global, regional or national level. It will also be used as the basis of the Global Tree Assessment, coordinated by BGCI ...

 

GlobalTreeSearch: the first complete global database of tree species and country distributions

  
Journal of Sustainable Forestry, Vol. 36, No. 5. (4 July 2017), pp. 454-489, https://doi.org/10.1080/10549811.2017.1310049

Abstract

This article presents, for the first time, an overview of all known tree species by scientific name and country level distribution, and describes an online database GlobalTreeSearch that provides access to this information. Based on our comprehensive analysis of published data sources and expert input, the number of tree species currently known to science is 60,065, representing 20% of all angiosperm and gymnosperm plant species. Nearly half of all tree species (45%) are found in just 10 families, with the 3 ...

 

Fossil CO2 and GHG emissions of all world countries

  
Vol. 107877 (2017), https://doi.org/10.2760/709792

Abstract

[Excerpt: Executive summary] [::Policy context] Part of the Paris Agreement is the implementation of a transparency framework to be implemented bottom-up based on the national GHG emission inventories of all Parties reported to the UNFCCC. In addition, 5-yearly global stocktakes are planned from 2023 onwards to monitor emission trends and the efforts of the individual Parties. Reported inventories however neither cover the entire globe, nor the entire time period. The Commission’s in-house Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) estimates anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions for all world countries thereby contributing ...

 

Forest structures across Europe

  
Geoscience Data Journal, Vol. 4, No. 1. (June 2017), pp. 17-28, https://doi.org/10.1002/gdj3.45

Abstract

Pan-European gridded datasets derived from a single methodology to inform researchers, policy makers and conservationists on the state of forest structures would improve our ability to study forests independent of political boundaries and along various gradients. Although National Forest Inventory (NFI) data provide information on the characteristics of forests, including carbon content, volume, height, and age, such spatial data is not available across Europe. Before this study, remotely sensed data covering all of Europe had not been utilized to produce multiple ...

 

Europe’s Joint Research Centre, although improving, must think bigger

  
Nature, Vol. 550, No. 7674. (3 October 2017), pp. 8-8, https://doi.org/10.1038/550008a

Abstract

External report criticizes lack of exploratory research. [Excerpt] The European Union’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) uses the label EU Science Hub now. Whether the rebranding will increase its profile is one question. What science gets done inside this hub is another. In response to that query, there is some positive news. It is doing what it should be, and doing it well: collecting scientific and technical evidence in support of EU policies. That’s according to the report of an external evaluation released ...

 

Steps towards transparency in research publishing

  
Nature, Vol. 549, No. 7673. (26 September 2017), pp. 431-431, https://doi.org/10.1038/549431a

Abstract

As research and editorial processes become increasingly open, scientists and editors need to be proactive but also alert to risks. [Excerpt] [...] The examples given here relate to initiatives by the Nature Research journals, some of which follow pioneering work by other publishers. [...] One such initiative is the checklist introduced by Nature and the Nature journals in 2013 for life-sciences submissions. [...] Malcolm Macleod of the University of Edinburgh, UK, and his colleagues [..] looked at the completeness of reporting in journals ...

 

A high-accuracy map of global terrain elevations

  
Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, No. 11. (16 June 2017), pp. 5844-5853, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017gl072874
 

SoilGrids250m: Global gridded soil information based on machine learning

  
PLOS ONE, Vol. 12, No. 2. (16 February 2017), e0169748, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0169748

Abstract

This paper describes the technical development and accuracy assessment of the most recent and improved version of the SoilGrids system at 250m resolution (June 2016 update). SoilGrids provides global predictions for standard numeric soil properties (organic carbon, bulk density, Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC), pH, soil texture fractions and coarse fragments) at seven standard depths (0, 5, 15, 30, 60, 100 and 200 cm), in addition to predictions of depth to bedrock and distribution of soil classes based on the World Reference ...

 

A gridded global data set of soil, intact regolith, and sedimentary deposit thicknesses for regional and global land surface modeling

  
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 8, No. 1. (March 2016), pp. 41-65, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015ms000526

Abstract

Earth's terrestrial near-subsurface environment can be divided into relatively porous layers of soil, intact regolith, and sedimentary deposits above unweathered bedrock. Variations in the thicknesses of these layers control the hydrologic and biogeochemical responses of landscapes. Currently, Earth System Models approximate the thickness of these relatively permeable layers above bedrock as uniform globally, despite the fact that their thicknesses vary systematically with topography, climate, and geology. To meet the need for more realistic input data for models, we developed a high-resolution ...

 

SoilGrids1km - Global soil information based on automated mapping

  
PLOS ONE, Vol. 9, No. 8. (29 August 2014), e105992, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0105992

Abstract

Soils are widely recognized as a non-renewable natural resource and as biophysical carbon sinks. As such, there is a growing requirement for global soil information. Although several global soil information systems already exist, these tend to suffer from inconsistencies and limited spatial detail. We present SoilGrids1km â a global 3D soil information system at 1 km resolution â containing spatial predictions for a selection of soil properties (at six standard depths): soil organic carbon (g kgâ1), soil pH, sand, silt and ...

 

Do not publish

  
Science, Vol. 356, No. 6340. (25 May 2017), pp. 800-801, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aan1362

Abstract

Biologists have long valued publishing detailed information on rare and endangered species. Until relatively recently, much of this information was accessible only through accessing specialized scientific journals in university libraries. However, much of these data have been transferred online with the advent of digital platforms and a rapid push to open-access publication. Information is increasingly also available online in public reports and wildlife atlases, and research published behind paywalls can often be found in the public domain. Increased data and information ...

 

A dataset of forest biomass structure for Eurasia

  
Scientific Data, Vol. 4 (16 May 2017), 170070, https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2017.70

Abstract

The most comprehensive dataset of in situ destructive sampling measurements of forest biomass in Eurasia have been compiled from a combination of experiments undertaken by the authors and from scientific publications. Biomass is reported as four components: live trees (stem, bark, branches, foliage, roots); understory (above- and below ground); green forest floor (above- and below ground); and coarse woody debris (snags, logs, dead branches of living trees and dead roots), consisting of 10,351 unique records of sample plots and 9,613 sample ...

 

Willingness to share research data is related to the strength of the evidence and the quality of reporting of statistical results

  
PLOS ONE, Vol. 6, No. 11. (2 November 2011), e26828, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026828

Abstract

The widespread reluctance to share published research data is often hypothesized to be due to the authors' fear that reanalysis may expose errors in their work or may produce conclusions that contradict their own. However, these hypotheses have not previously been studied systematically. We related the reluctance to share research data for reanalysis to 1148 statistically significant results reported in 49 papers published in two major psychology journals. We found the reluctance to share data to be associated with weaker evidence ...

 

Core trustworthy data repositories requirements

  

Abstract

The Core Trustworthy Data Repository Requirements were developed by the DSA–WDS Partnership Working Group on Repository Audit and Certification, a Working Group (WG) of the Research Data Alliance . The goal of the effort was to create a set of harmonized common requirements for certification of repositories at the core level, drawing from criteria already put in place by the Data Seal of Approval (DSA: www.datasealofapproval.org) and the ICSU World Data System (ICSU-WDS: https://www.icsu-wds.org/services/certification). An additional goal of the project was ...

 

Mapping wood production in European forests

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 357 (December 2015), pp. 228-238, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2015.08.007

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] We constructed high-resolution wood production maps for Europe. [::] Productivity, tree species and ruggedness affect wood production patterns. [::] Using these factors improves disaggregation of wood production statistics. [Abstract] Wood production is an important forest use, impacting a range of other ecosystem services. However, information on the spatial patterns in wood production is limited and often available only for larger administrative units. In this study, we developed high-resolution wood production maps for European forests. We collected wood production statistics for 29 European countries from ...

 

A data citation roadmap for scientific publishers

  
bioRxiv (19 January 2017), 100784, https://doi.org/10.1101/100784

Abstract

This article presents a practical roadmap for scholarly publishers to implement data citation in accordance with the Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles (JDDCP) [1], a synopsis and harmonization of the recommendations of major science policy bodies. It was developed by the Publishers Early Adopters Expert Group as part of the Data Citation Implementation Pilot (DCIP) project, an initiative of FORCE11.org and the NIH BioCADDIE program. The structure of the roadmap presented here follows the “life of a paper” workflow and includes the categories Pre-submission, Submission, Production, ...

 

Hole-filled SRTM for the globe Version 4

  
In CGIAR Consortium for Spatial Information (CGIAR-CSI) (2008)

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] The SRTM digital elevation data provided on this site has been processed to fill data voids, and to facilitate it’s ease of use by a wide group of potential users. This data is provided in an effort to promote the use of geospatial science and applications for sustainable development and resource conservation in the developing world. Digital elevation models (DEM) for the entire globe, covering all of the countries of the world, are available for download on this site. [\n] The ...

 

A manifesto for reproducible science

  
Nature Human Behaviour, Vol. 1, No. 1. (10 January 2017), 0021, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-016-0021

Abstract

Improving the reliability and efficiency of scientific research will increase the credibility of the published scientific literature and accelerate discovery. Here we argue for the adoption of measures to optimize key elements of the scientific process: methods, reporting and dissemination, reproducibility, evaluation and incentives. There is some evidence from both simulations and empirical studies supporting the likely effectiveness of these measures, but their broad adoption by researchers, institutions, funders and journals will require iterative evaluation and improvement. We discuss the goals ...

 

EU-Forest, a high-resolution tree occurrence dataset for Europe

  
Scientific Data, Vol. 4 (05 January 2017), 160123, https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2016.123

Abstract

We present EU-Forest, a dataset that integrates and extends by almost one order of magnitude the publicly available information on European tree species distribution. The core of our dataset (~96% of the occurrence records) came from an unpublished, large database harmonising forest plot surveys from National Forest Inventories on an INSPIRE-compliant 1 km×1 km grid. These new data can potentially benefit several disciplines, including forestry, biodiversity conservation, palaeoecology, plant ecology, the bioeconomy, and pest management. ...

References

  1. Ozanne, C. M. P., et al., 2003. Biodiversity meets the atmosphere: a global view of forest canopies. Science 301, 183-186.
  2. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 2008. The Convention on Biological Diversity
  3. Bengtsson, J., Nilsson, S. G., Franc, A., Menozzi, P., 2000. Biodiversity, disturbances, ecosystem function and management of European forests. Forest Ecology and Management 132 (1), 39-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(00)00378-9 , INRMM-MiD:12124487 .
  4. Kerley, G. I. H., Kowalczyk,
 

Position paper for the endorsement of Free Software and Open Standards in Horizon 2020 and all publicly-funded research

  
In Free Software Foundation Europe (January 2017)

Abstract

The Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE) is a charity that empowers users to control technology by advocating for Free Software. In a digital world, Free Software is the fundament of Open Knowledge, Open Innovation and Open Science. [\n] Software is an integral part of today’s society. Our daily interactions, transactions, education, communication channels, work and life environments rely heavily on software. "Free Software" refers to all programs distributed under terms and licences that allow users to run the software for any purpose, ...

 

Running an open experiment: transparency and reproducibility in soil and ecosystem science

  
Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 11, No. 8. (01 August 2016), 084004, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/11/8/084004

Abstract

Researchers in soil and ecosystem science, and almost every other field, are being pushed—by funders, journals, governments, and their peers—to increase transparency and reproducibility of their work. A key part of this effort is a move towards open data as a way to fight post-publication data loss, improve data and code quality, enable powerful meta- and cross-disciplinary analyses, and increase trust in, and the efficiency of, publicly-funded research. Many scientists however lack experience in, and may be unsure of the benefits ...

 

Five selfish reasons to work reproducibly

  
Genome Biology, Vol. 16, No. 1. (8 December 2015), 274, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13059-015-0850-7

Abstract

And so, my fellow scientists: ask not what you can do for reproducibility; ask what reproducibility can do for you! Here, I present five reasons why working reproducibly pays off in the long run and is in the self-interest of every ambitious, career-oriented scientist. [Excerpt] [::Reproducibility: what's in it for me?] In this article, I present five reasons why working reproducibly pays off in the long run and is in the self-interest of every ambitious, career-oriented scientist. [::] Reason number 1: reproducibility helps to avoid ...

 

GISCO - The Geographic Information System of the COmmission

  
(2016)

Abstract

[Excerpt] [What is GISCO?] Within Eurostat, GISCO is responsible for meeting the European Commission's geographical information needs at 3 levels: the European Union, its member countries, and its regions. [What does GISCO do?] In addition to creating statistical and other thematic maps, GISCO manages a database of geographical information, and provides related services to the Commission. Its database contains core geographical data covering the whole of Europe, such as administrative boundaries, and thematic geospatial information, such as population grid data. Some ...

 

Enhancing reproducibility for computational methods

  
Science, Vol. 354, No. 6317. (09 December 2016), pp. 1240-1241, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aah6168

Abstract

Over the past two decades, computational methods have radically changed the ability of researchers from all areas of scholarship to process and analyze data and to simulate complex systems. But with these advances come challenges that are contributing to broader concerns over irreproducibility in the scholarly literature, among them the lack of transparency in disclosure of computational methods. Current reporting methods are often uneven, incomplete, and still evolving. We present a novel set of Reproducibility Enhancement Principles (REP) targeting disclosure challenges ...

 

Why linked data is not enough for scientists

  
Future Generation Computer Systems, Vol. 29, No. 2. (February 2013), pp. 599-611, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.future.2011.08.004

Abstract

[Abstract] Scientific data represents a significant portion of the linked open data cloud and scientists stand to benefit from the data fusion capability this will afford. Publishing linked data into the cloud, however, does not ensure the required reusability. Publishing has requirements of provenance, quality, credit, attribution and methods to provide the reproducibility that enables validation of results. In this paper we make the case for a scientific data publication model on top of linked data and introduce the notion of Research ...

 

Climatologies at high resolution for the earth's land surface areas

  
Scientific Data, Vol. 4 (Sep 2017), 170122, https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2017.122

Abstract

High-resolution information on climatic conditions is essential to many applications in environmental and ecological sciences. Here we present the CHELSA (Climatologies at high resolution for the earth’s land surface areas) data of downscaled model output temperature and precipitation estimates of the ERA-Interim climatic reanalysis to a high resolution of 30 arc sec. The temperature algorithm is based on statistical downscaling of atmospheric temperatures. The precipitation algorithm incorporates orographic predictors including wind fields, valley exposition, and boundary layer height, with a subsequent bias correction. ...

 

CHELSA climatologies at high resolution for the earth's land surface areas (Version 1.1)

  

Abstract

CHELSA_v1.1 (http://chelsa-climate.org/) is a high resolution (30 arc sec, ~1 km) climate data set for the earth land surface areas. It includes monthly and annual mean temperature and precipitation patterns as well as derived bioclimatic and interannual parameters for the time period 1979-2013. CHELSA_v1.1 is based on a quasi-mechanistical statistical downscaling of the ERA interim global circulation model (http://www.ecmwf.int/en/research/climate-reanalysis/era-interim) with a GPCC (https://www.dwd.de/EN/ourservices/gpcc/gpcc.html) and GHCN (https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/ghcnm/) bias correction. ...

 

The FAIR Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship

  
Scientific Data, Vol. 3 (15 March 2016), 160018, https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2016.18

Abstract

There is an urgent need to improve the infrastructure supporting the reuse of scholarly data. A diverse set of stakeholders—representing academia, industry, funding agencies, and scholarly publishers—have come together to design and jointly endorse a concise and measureable set of principles that we refer to as the FAIR Data Principles. The intent is that these may act as a guideline for those wishing to enhance the reusability of their data holdings. Distinct from peer initiatives that focus on the human scholar, ...

 

Enabling open science: Wikidata for Research (Wiki4R)

  
Research Ideas and Outcomes, Vol. 1 (22 December 2015), e7573, https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.1.e7573

Abstract

Wiki4R will create an innovative virtual research environment (VRE) for Open Science at scale, engaging both professional researchers and citizen data scientists in new and potentially transformative forms of collaboration. It is based on the realizations that (1) the structured parts of the Web itself can be regarded as a VRE, (2) such environments depend on communities, (3) closed environments are limited in their capacity to nurture thriving communities. Wiki4R will therefore integrate Wikidata, the multilingual semantic backbone behind Wikipedia, into ...

 

JRC data policy

  
Vol. 27163 EN (2015), https://doi.org/10.2788/607378

Abstract

[Executive summary] The work on the JRC Data Policy followed the task identified in the JRC Management Plan 2014 to develop a dedicated data policy to complement the JRC Policy on Open Access to Scientific Publications and Supporting Guidance, and to promote open access to research data in the context of Horizon 2020. [\n] Important policy commitments and the relevant regulatory basis within the European Union and the European Commission include: the Commission Decision on the reuse of Commission documents, Commission ...

 

Open data: curation is under-resourced

  
Nature, Vol. 538, No. 7623. (05 October 2016), pp. 41-41, https://doi.org/10.1038/538041d

Abstract

[Excerpt] Science funders and researchers need to recognize the time, resources and effort required to curate open data [...]. There is no reliable business model to finance the curation and maintenance of data repositories. [...] Curation is not fully automated for most data types. This means that — in the life sciences, for example — many popular databases must resort to time-consuming manual curation to check data quality, reliability, provenance, format and metadata [...]. To make open data effective as a ...

 

More accountability for big-data algorithms

  
Nature, Vol. 537, No. 7621. (21 September 2016), pp. 449-449, https://doi.org/10.1038/537449a

Abstract

To avoid bias and improve transparency, algorithm designers must make data sources and profiles public. [Excerpt] [...] Algorithms, from the simplest to the most complex, follow sets of instructions or learn to accomplish a goal. In principle, they could help to make impartial analyses and decisions by reducing human biases and prejudices. But there is growing concern that they risk doing the opposite, and will replicate and exacerbate human failings [...]. And in an era of powerful computers, machine learning and big data, ...

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
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