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Selection: with tag natura-2000 [16 articles] 


Wilderness register and indicator for Europe

(October 2013)


[Excerpt] [Executive summary] The main aim of the contract was to increase data availability on wilderness in Europe. The Guidelines on management of wilderness and wild areas in Natura 2000 (DG Environment, in prep.) described the benefits of wilderness management within the framework of the EU Biodiversity strategy, analysed the pressures affecting wilderness areas and provided guidelines on their management and protection, largely based on best practice examples of wilderness and wild areas throughout Europe. However, an overview of remaining areas of wilderness and wildlands at the European ...


A systematic conservation planning approach to fire risk management in Natura 2000 sites

Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 181 (October 2016), pp. 574-581,


[Highlights] [::] Systematic conservation planning for the management of biodiversity threats. [::] Wildfire prevention based on costs derived from fire probability. [::] Biodiversity values derived from policy habitats and species into Natura 2000 sites. [::] Map of 23 irreplaceable biodiversity areas where fire prevention is needed. [::] Fire management inside policy habitats designed to preserve the vegetation structure. [Abstract] A primary challenge in conservation biology is to preserve the most representative biodiversity while simultaneously optimizing the efforts associated with conservation. In Europe, the implementation of the Natura 2000 ...


Mediterranean habitat loss under future climate conditions: assessing impacts on the Natura 2000 protected area network

Applied Geography, Vol. 75 (2016), pp. 83-92,


[Highlights] [::] The Mediterranean climate domain is projected to loss 11–25% of its current extent. [::] Projected losses of the Mediterranean climate are due to shifts of the arid domain. [::] The Mediterranean domain is projected to shift by 53–121% of its current size. [::] These changes are projected to affect 15–23% of the Mediterranean Natura 2000 sites. [Abstract] The Mediterranean basin is a global hotspot of biological diversity and the most rich biodiversity region in Europe. Nevertheless, climate-driven habitat loss is one of the most serious ...


The role of biodiversity in supporting ecosystem services in Natura 2000 sites

Ecological Indicators, Vol. 24 (January 2013), pp. 12-22,


[Abstract] The recent discussion about the relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem services also raises the question as to whether the argumentative basis for nature conservation can be strengthened by emphasizing the role of species and habitats in supporting ecosystem services. A literature survey shows that mainly socio-cultural and some regulating services are dependent on particular species, groups of species, or habitat types, while many other services, especially those related to provisioning, rely more heavily on vegetation structures and land cover. These findings ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 25

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   miocene   mires   miridae   missing-full-author-list   mistletoe   misuse-of-modelling-tools-by-nonexperts   mitigation   mitochondrial-dna   mixed-forest   mixed-models   mixed-species-stand   mobile-communication   mobility   mode   model   model-assessment   model-comparison   model-drift   modelling   modelling-uncertainty   modelling-vs-management   moderate-floods   modern-analogue   modis   modularization   moist-convection   molinia-caerulea   molluscs   monetarisation   mongolia   monitoring   monochamus-galloprovincialis   monochamus-spp   monography   monoterpenes   monsoon   montane-belt   monte-carlo   monte-carlo-trajectory   monumental-trees   moorland   mordwilkoja-vagabundus   morinda-citrifolia   moringa-oleifera   morocco   morphological-adaptations   morphological-traits   morphology   mortality   morus-alba   morus-nigra   morus-spp   motor-vehicles   mountainous-areas   mozambique   muddy-floods   multi-criteria-decision-analysis   multi-objective-planning   multi-scale   multi-stakeholder-decision-making   multiauthor   multiple-adaptive-regression-splines   multiplicative-structure   multiplicity   mushrooms   mutualism   mycorrhizal-fungi   mycosphaerella-dearnessii   mycosphaerella-pini   myopic-heuristics   myrica-cerifera   myrica-gale   myricaria-germanica   myristica-fragrans   myrrhoides-nodosa   myrtus-communis   myths   mytilus-edulis   myzocallis-coryli   nanoparticles   nasa   natech   national-fire-danger-rating-system   native-vegetation   natura-2000   natural-disaster   natural-disasters   natural-disturbance   natural-ecosystems   natural-hazard-triggering-technological-disasters   natural-hazards   natural-loss   natural-product-herbicides   natural-resources-interactions   naturalised-species   nauclea-diderichii   ndvi   neanderthals   near-surface-flowpaths  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Manuale italiano di interpretazione degli habitat (Direttiva 92/43/CEE)



Al fine di meglio comprendere i risultati ottenuti con la realizzazione del Manuale italiano d’interpretazione si ritiene opportuno evidenziarne gli obiettivi e riprendere gli aspetti più significativi della metodologia adottata. Obiettivi Con il Manuale si è cercato di realizzare uno strumento tecnico-scientifico di riferimento per l’Italia sia in ambito nazionale (confronti tra Regioni) che internazionale (rapporti con gli organismi tecnico-amministrativi dell’UE e con gli altri Stati membri). Il Manuale intende quindi: fornire un’interpretazione la più possibile condivisa dai maggiori esperti nazionali ...


Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats - EUR28 version



The Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats - EUR28 is a scientific reference document. It is based on the version for EUR15, which was adopted by the Habitats Committee on 4 October 1999 and consolidated with the new and amended habitat types for the 10 accession countries as adopted by the Habitats Committee on 14 March 2002. A small amendment to habitat type 91D0 was adopted by the Habitats Committee in its meeting on 14 th ...


Management of Natura 2000 habitats: 5210 Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp



The arborescent matorral with Juniperusspp. habitat is a scrub vegetation that isfoundin the countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Juniperusspp. are evergreen shrubsor small trees with few vital needs that, thanks to their morpho-physiologicalcharacteristics, coloniseharsh environments suchas rocky coasts and dry, incoherent soils. Juniper, with its deep and well-developed root system, is therefore an important species for soil retention and consolidation,preventing soil erosion caused by rain and wind. It is important as an ecotone,since it is often a transition area ...


Managementof Natura 2000 habitats: 2250* Coastal dunes with Juniperus spp



Coastal dunes with junipers occur on the coasts of Southernand Western Europe. Thisrare and beautiful habitat features sparse junipersthat are prostrate or erect depending on wind action and the adverse conditions typical of sand dunes. Nowadays thishabitat is under threatfrom factors such asurban development, tourism, forest fires,alien species, coastal erosion, grazing and browsing, habitat fragmentation, polluted sea sprayand nutrient deposition. Whenin good condition, the habitat is part of a successionof other habitats situated seaward. Thegood ecological quality of juniper dunes ...


The vegetation of the natural reserve Valea Fagilor-Luncavița (Tulcea County, Romania)

Contributii Botanice, Vol. 46 (2011), pp. 17-32


Our study is an attempt to complete the description of a particular, isolated type of natural habitat (sensu Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC): 91X0* Dobrogean beech forests, already described in the Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats - EUR27, distributed only in a forest reserve in Dobrogea (Romania). The importance of this forest reserve is the existence here, in its only refuge in Dobrogea, of a beech outlier, situated far away from other beech woodlands, either in the bend of the sub-Carpathians or ...


Livestock management in Natura 2000: A case study in a Quercus pyrenaica neglected coppice forest

Journal for Nature Conservation, Vol. 20, No. 1. (January 2012), pp. 1-9,


Due to the European Habitats Directive, Quercus pyrenaica habitat has been protected within the Natura 2000 network for biodiversity conservation. Many of these habitats have been widely managed as coppice forest with silvopastoral use throughout Spain. Currently, in many of these oak coppices fuelwood extraction is neglected and grazing is the main use. Management plans required in the Directive should consider all these circumstances and offer an integrated approach to ensure a favourable conservation status of these habitats. We propose a ...


Connectivity of Natura 2000 forest sites in Europe

F1000Posters, Vol. 2014, No. 5. (Jun 2014), 485,


[Background/Purpose]: In the context of the European Biodiversity policy, the Green Infrastructure Strategy is one supporting tool to mitigate fragmentation, inter-alia to increase the spatial and functional connectivity between protected and unprotected areas. The Joint Research Centre has developed an integrated model to provide a macro-scale set of indices to evaluate the connectivity of Natura 2000 network, which forms the backbone of a Green Infrastructure for Europe. The model allows a wide assessment and comparison to be performed across country in terms ...


  1. Bennett, J., 2010. OpenStreetMap. Packt Publishing. ISBN: 978-1-84719-750-4
  2. Bennett, G., Bento Pais, R., Berry, P Didicescu, P. S., Fichter, M., Hlavᡠ, V., Hoellen, K., Jones-Walters, L., Miko, L., Onida, M., Plesník, J., Smith, D., Wakenhut, F., 2010. Green Infrastructure Implementation: Proceedings of the European Commission Conference 19 November 2010. (Ed: Karhu, J.). European Commission, 28 pp.
  3. de Rigo, D., 2012. Applying semantic constraints to array programming: the

Connectivity of Natura 2000 forest sites - Executive report

Reference Report by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. EUR – Scientific and Technical Research, Vol. 26087, No. JRC 83104. (2013)


The newly adopted Green Infrastructure Strategy is a key step in implementing targets of the European Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 (EBS). This study responds to policy needs for target 2 on ecosystems conditions and services, target 1 on implementing and enhancing coherence of the Natura 2000 network and sub-target 3b on integrating environmental concerns in forest management. Protected areas such as Natura 2000 sites form the backbone of Green Infrastructure. Their connectivity and integration in the unprotected landscape are essential to ...


  1. Bennet, J., 2010. OpenStreetMap: be your own cartographer. Birmingham, UK: PCKT. ISBN 978-1-847197-50-4
  2. Bennett, G., and Mulongoy, K.J., 2006. Review of experience with ecological networks, corridors and buffer zones. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Technical Series no. 23, 100 pages. ISBN: 92-9225-042-6
  3. Bergsten, A., Bodin, O., Ecke, F., 2013. Protected areas in a landscape dominated by logging – A connectivity analysis that integrates varying protection

Modelling the connectivity of Natura 2000 sites and their integration in the wider landscape

In GI_Forum 2013 – Creating the GISociety (2013), pp. 508-511,


Within the European Biodiversity Strategy for 2020 (EC 2011), the Green Infrastructure (GI) is introduced as one supporting tool to increase spatial and functional connectivity between natural protected and un-protected areas, and to improve landscape permeability (DG ENV. 2012). Natura 2000 (N2K) sites network, designated under the “Habitat” Directive (EC, 1992) and the “Bird” Directive (EC 2010), will form the backbone of GI. Connectivity is defined as a combined product of structural and functional connectivity, i.e. the effect of physical landscape ...


The need for management of nature conservation sites designated under Natura 2000

Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 35, No. 6. (1 December 1998), pp. 968-973,


The Natura 2000 Network will consist of sites designated by the Member States of the European Union, under the Habitats and Birds Directives. Many of these sites need an appropriate management to maintain a favourable conservation status; this will often be based on low-intensity agricultural practices. Out of the 198 listed habitat types of the Habitats Directive, 28 (14%) could be threatened by the abandonment of low-intensity agricultural practices. The paper gives a comparative outlook over some situations in Europe, after ...


Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora

Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 35, No. L 206. (July 1992), pp. 7-50


[Excerpt] [...] [::Article 2] [::1] The aim of this Directive shall be to contribute towards ensuring bio-diversity through the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora in the European territory of the Member States to which the Treaty applies. [::2] Measures taken pursuant to this Directive shall be designed to maintain or restore, at favourable conservation status, natural habitats and species of wild fauna and flora of Community interest. [::3] Measures taken pursuant to this Directive shall take account of economic, social ...

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Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.