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Digital badges aim to clear up politics of authorship

Nature, Vol. 526, No. 7571. (28 September 2015), pp. 145-146,


Machine-readable system seeks to clearly explain who did what for a research paper. [Excerpt] An initiative that uses colourful ‘digital badges’ to denote different contributions to research aims to standardize and simplify the often-fraught business of detailing who did what on a scientific paper. [...] The 14 categories come from a related ‘digital taxonomies’ project, which last year brought together journal editors, funders and researchers to classify authors’ contributions as a set of standard roles. [...] ...


Core trustworthy data repositories requirements



The Core Trustworthy Data Repository Requirements were developed by the DSA–WDS Partnership Working Group on Repository Audit and Certification, a Working Group (WG) of the Research Data Alliance . The goal of the effort was to create a set of harmonized common requirements for certification of repositories at the core level, drawing from criteria already put in place by the Data Seal of Approval (DSA: and the ICSU World Data System (ICSU-WDS: An additional goal of the project was ...


Why linked data is not enough for scientists

Future Generation Computer Systems, Vol. 29, No. 2. (February 2013), pp. 599-611,


[Abstract] Scientific data represents a significant portion of the linked open data cloud and scientists stand to benefit from the data fusion capability this will afford. Publishing linked data into the cloud, however, does not ensure the required reusability. Publishing has requirements of provenance, quality, credit, attribution and methods to provide the reproducibility that enables validation of results. In this paper we make the case for a scientific data publication model on top of linked data and introduce the notion of Research ...


The FAIR Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship

Scientific Data, Vol. 3 (15 March 2016), sdata201618,


There is an urgent need to improve the infrastructure supporting the reuse of scholarly data. A diverse set of stakeholders—representing academia, industry, funding agencies, and scholarly publishers—have come together to design and jointly endorse a concise and measureable set of principles that we refer to as the FAIR Data Principles. The intent is that these may act as a guideline for those wishing to enhance the reusability of their data holdings. Distinct from peer initiatives that focus on the human scholar, ...


JRC data policy

Vol. 27163 EN (2015),


[Executive summary] The work on the JRC Data Policy followed the task identified in the JRC Management Plan 2014 to develop a dedicated data policy to complement the JRC Policy on Open Access to Scientific Publications and Supporting Guidance, and to promote open access to research data in the context of Horizon 2020. [\n] Important policy commitments and the relevant regulatory basis within the European Union and the European Commission include: the Commission Decision on the reuse of Commission documents, Commission ...


Open data: curation is under-resourced

Nature, Vol. 538, No. 7623. (05 October 2016), pp. 41-41,


[Excerpt] Science funders and researchers need to recognize the time, resources and effort required to curate open data [...]. There is no reliable business model to finance the curation and maintenance of data repositories. [...] Curation is not fully automated for most data types. This means that — in the life sciences, for example — many popular databases must resort to time-consuming manual curation to check data quality, reliability, provenance, format and metadata [...]. To make open data effective as a ...


Cross-domain metadata interoperability: lessons learnt in INSPIRE

In Proceedings of the International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications 2013 (2013)


Since 2007, EU Member States have been involved in creating an infrastructure for spatial information in Europe (INSPIRE), based on a legal and technical interoperability framework. This paper presents some of the lessons learnt during the implementation of this infrastructure (which started in 2009) and during work on data and service interoperability coordinated with European and international initiatives. We describe a number of critical interoperability issues affecting both scientific and government data and metadata, and propose how these problems could be ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 24

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   mass-extinction   mass-spectrometry   mast-fruiting   mastixioideae   mastrave-modelling-library   mathematical-reasoning   mathematics   mating-pattern   matlab   matsucoccus-feytaudi   mattesia-schwenkei   mature-forest   mauritia-flexuosa   max-temperature   maxent   maximum-habitat-suitability   maxwell-quantity-notation   mcarthur-mark-5   mcd43   mcd43a   mcpfe   meadow   meadows   meat-consumption   mechanical-testing   mechanics   mechanistic-approach   medetera-signaticornis   median   mediawiki   medicago-arborea   medical-herb   medicinal-plants   mediterranean-pines   mediterranean-region   medium-resolution   megastigmus-brevicaudis   megastigmus-spp   megastigmus-wachtli   mekong-river-basin   melaleuca-quinquenervia   melampsora   melampsora-larici-populina   melanophila-picta   meles-meles   melia-azedarach   melia-spp   melting-acceleration   memory   mercurialis-perennis   mercury   merit-dem   mersenne-twister   mesoamerica   mesophilous   mesophytic-species   mespilus-germanica   messerschmidia-argentea   meta-analysis   metacommunities   metadata   metadata-mining   metaecosystems   metaknowledge   metal-pollution   metamaterial   metapopulations   metaprogramming   metasequoia-glyptostroboides   meteorology   methane   methods   metopium-toxiferum   metrology   metrosideros-polymorpha   mexico   mic   micology   microalgae   microclimate   micropterus-salmoides   microsatellite   microsite   microsoft-academic-search   mid-holocene   middle-east   migration   migration-history   migration-pattern   migration-rate   milicia-excelsa   millennium-ecosystem-assessment   milliferous-plant   milvus-migrans   milvus-milvus   min-max   min-temperature   mineralization   minimal-predicted-area  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Commission Proposal for a Council Regulation (EEC) establishing a European Forestry Information and Communication System (EFICS)

Official Journal of the European Communities, Vol. 31, No. C 312. (7 December 1988), pp. 1-16

A new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and the forest-based sector

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION (20 September 2013), pp. 1-17


Forests and other wooded land cover over 40 % of the EU’s land area, with a great diversity of character across regions. Afforestation and natural succession have increased the EU’s forest area by around 0.4 % per year over recent decades. Globally, however, forest area continues to decrease. Currently in the EU, only 60-70 % of the annual increment is being cut, therefore the growing stock of wood is rising. However, according to Member States’ projections under Land Use, Land-Use Change ...


Metadata model for the European forest information and communication platform

International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research, Vol. 2 (2007), pp. 112-131


This paper describes the metadata model conceived for the future European Forest Information and Communication Platform (EFICP). The core of the platform, currently under implementation in the scope of a two-year project funded by the European Commission, is given by a repository of metadata that describes the available information resources. These are distinguished in terms of resource categories (common / bibliographic resources, news, spatial data information services and statistical data) and are treated in a ...


Regulation (EC) No 2152/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 November 2003 concerning monitoring of forests and environmental interactions in the Community (Forest Focus)

Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 46, No. L 324. (11 December 2003), pp. 1-8


[Excerpt] [...] [:Article 1] [::1] A Community scheme for broad-based, harmonised and comprehensive, long-term monitoring of the condition of forests, (hereinafter referred to as "the scheme") is hereby established to: [\n] (a) continue and further develop: [::] monitoring of air pollution and air pollution effects and of other agents and factors that have an impact on forests, such as biotic and abiotic factors and factors of anthropogenic origin, [::] monitoring of forest fires and their causes and effects, [::] forest fire prevention; [\n] (b) assess the requirements for ...


Council Regulation (EEC) No 2158/92 of 23 July 1992 on protection of the Community's forests against fire

Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 35, No. L 217. (July 1992), pp. 3-7


In order to provide increased protection for forests and in particular to step up efforts undertaken to main tain and monitor forest ecosystems and to safeguard the various functions which forests fulfil for the benefit of rural areas, a Community scheme for the protection of forests against fire, hereinafter referred to as 'the scheme', is hereby instituted . ...


Council Regulation (EEC) No 3528/86 of 17 November 1986 on the protection of the Community's forests against atmospheric pollution

Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 29, No. L 326. (November 1986), pp. 2-4


[...] [Article 1] A Community scheme is hereby established to protect forests against atmospheric pollution, hereinafter referred to as 'scheme', in order to provide increased protection for forests in the Community and thereby contribute in particular to safeguarding the productive potential of agriculture. [Article 2] [\n]1. The aim of the scheme shall be to help Member States to: [\n]- establish on the basis of common methods a periodic inventory of damage caused to forests, in particular by atmospheric pollution, [\n]- establish or extend, in a co-ordinated and ...


Nine simple ways to make it easier to (re)use your data

Ideas in Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 6, No. 2. (2013),


Sharing data is increasingly considered to be an important part of the scientific process. Making your data publicly available allows original results to be reproduced and new analyses to be conducted. While sharing your data is the first step in allowing reuse, it is also important that the data be easy to understand and use. We describe nine simple ways to make it easy to reuse the data that you share and also make it easier to work with it yourself. ...


A survey of data provenance techniques

No. IUB-CS-TR618. (September 2005)


Data management is growing in complexity as large-scale applications take advantage of the loosely coupled resources brought together by grid middleware and by abundant storage capacity. Metadata describing the data products used in and generated by these applications is essential to disambiguate the data and enable reuse. Data provenance, one kind of metadata, pertains to the derivation history of a data product starting from its original sources. The provenance of data products generated by complex transformations such as workflows is of considerable value to scientists. From it, ...


A survey of data provenance in e-science

SIGMOD Rec., Vol. 34, No. 3. (September 2005), pp. 31-36,


Data management is growing in complexity as large-scale applications take advantage of the loosely coupled resources brought together by grid middleware and by abundant storage capacity. Metadata describing the data products used in and generated by these applications is essential to disambiguate the data and enable reuse. Data provenance, one kind of metadata, pertains to the derivation history of a data product starting from its original sources.In this paper we create a taxonomy of data provenance characteristics and apply it to ...


Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Innovating for Sustainable Growth: A Bioeconomy for Europe

No. COM(2012) 60 final. (2012)


[Excerpt] A bioeconomy strategy for Europe In order to cope with an increasing global population, rapid depletion of many resources, increasing environmental pressures and climate change, Europe needs to radically change its approach to production, consumption, processing, storage, recycling and disposal of biological resources. The Europe 2020 Strategy calls for a bioeconomy as a key element for smart and green growth in Europe. Advancements in bioeconomy research and innovation uptake will allow Europe to improve the management of its renewable biological ...


Harmonizing National Forest Inventories

Journal of Forestry (June 2009), pp. 179-187


National forest inventories are a primary source of data for national and large area assessments of sustainability and biodiversity and for international forest resource reporting. However, the ability of countries to produce compatible estimates using these data is impeded by the diversity of their national inventory definitions, sampling designs, plot configurations, measured variables, and measurement protocols. In addition, because the differing features of these inventories have historical, commercial, and environmental justification, prospects for standardizing inventories are minimal. The best current alternative ...


PostGIS Cookbook

Keywords: data   geospatial   metadata   postgis   reference-manual  


PostGIS is a spatial database that integrates advanced storage and analysis of vector and raster data, and is remarkably flexible and powerful. PostGIS provides support for geographic objects to the PostgreSQL object-relational database and is currently the most popular open source spatial databases. If you want to explore the complete range of PostGIS techniques and expose the related extensions, this book is a must-have. This book is a deep-dive into the full range of PostGIS topics, with practical applications of the concepts ...


Publishing: Open citations

Nature, Vol. 502, No. 7471. (16 October 2013), pp. 295-297,


Make bibliographic citation data freely available and substantial benefits will flow, says David Shotton, director of the Open Citations Corpus. ...


Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - A new EU forest strategy: for forests and the forest based sector

No. COM(2013) 659 final. (20 September 2013)


[Excerpt: Guiding principles] [::] Sustainable forest management and the multifunctional role of forests, delivering multiple goods and services in a balanced way and ensuring forest protection; [::] Resource efficiency, optimising the contribution of forests and the forest sector to rural development, growth and job creation. [::] Global forest responsibility, promoting sustainable production and consumption of forest products. [\n] Europe has a long tradition of sustainable forest management, which is reflected in the FOREST EUROPE principles applied by Member States’ policies and supported ...


Identification failure

Nature, Vol. 501, No. 7467. (18 September 2013), pp. 451-451,


Lack of experimental-resource identifiers in papers may affect reproducibility. ...


On the reproducibility of science: unique identification of research resources in the biomedical literature

PeerJ, Vol. 1 (05 September 2013), e148,


Scientific reproducibility has been at the forefront of many news stories and there exist numerous initiatives to help address this problem. We posit that a contributor is simply a lack of specificity that is required to enable adequate research reproducibility. In particular, the inability to uniquely identify research resources, such as antibodies and model organisms, makes it difficult or impossible to reproduce experiments even where the science is otherwise sound. In order to better understand the magnitude of this problem, we ...


Data-sharing: everything on display

Nature, Vol. 500, No. 7461. (7 August 2013), pp. 243-245,


Lizzie Wolkovich always felt she ought to make her research data freely available online. “The idea that data should be public has been in the background through my entire career,” she says. ...


Tensions grow as data-mining discussions fall apart

Nature, Vol. 498, No. 7452. (4 June 2013), pp. 14-15,


Disagreement between scientists and publishers has grown on a thorny issue: how to make it easier for computer programs to extract facts and data from online research papers. On 22 May, researchers, librarians and others pulled out of European Commission talks on how to encourage the techniques, known as text mining and data mining. The withdrawal has effectively ended the contentious discussions, although a formal abandonment can be decided only after a commission review in July. Scientists have chafed for years at ...


Scholarship: beyond the paper

Nature, Vol. 495, No. 7442. (27 March 2013), pp. 437-440,

Publishing frontiers: the library reboot

Nature, Vol. 495, No. 7442. (27 March 2013), pp. 430-432,


As scientific publishing moves to embrace open data, libraries and researchersare trying to keep up. ...


Social reference: aggregating online usage of scientific literature in CiteULike for clustering academic resources

In Proceedings of the 11th annual international ACM/IEEE joint conference on Digital libraries (2011), pp. 401-402,


Citation-based methods have been widely studied and employed for clustering academic resources and mapping science. Although effective, these methods suffer from citation delay. In this study, we extend reference and citation analysis to a broader notion from social perspective. We coin the term "social reference" to refer to the references of literatures in social academic web environment. We propose clustering methods using social reference information from CiteULike. We experiment for journal clustering and author clustering using social reference and compare with ...


Applying quality assurance procedures to environmental monitoring data: a case study

Journal of Environmental Monitoring, Vol. 11, No. 4. (2009), pp. 774-781,


Managing data in the context of environmental monitoring is associated with a number of particular difficulties. These can be broadly split into issues originating from the inherent heterogeneity of the parameters sampled, problems related to the long time scale of most monitoring programmes and situations that arise when attempting to maximise cost-effectiveness. The complexity of environmental systems is reflected in the considerable effort and cost required to collect good quality data describing the influencing factors that can improve our understanding of ...


Advances in global change research require open science by individual researchers

Global Change Biology, Vol. 18, No. 7. (1 July 2012), pp. 2102-2110,


Understanding how species and ecosystems respond to climate change requires spatially and temporally rich data for a diverse set of species and habitats, combined with models that test and predict responses. Yet current study is hampered by the long-known problems of inadequate management of data and insufficient description of analytical procedures, especially in the field of ecology. Despite recent institutional incentives to share data and new data archiving infrastructure, many ecologists do not archive and publish their data and code. Given ...


Web services for forest data, analysis and monitoring: developments from EuroGEOSS

IEEE Earthzine, Vol. 5, No. 2. (2012), 389531


[Introduction] Forests play a crucial role in timber production, maintenance and development of biodiversity and in carbon sequestration and storage. However, the reliable information on forest extent, type and change, which is so important to policy makers and managers, is frequently inconsistent, incomplete and out of sync between countries and continents. In this article, we describe components developed in line with the GEOSS and INSPIRE frameworks, which access and use distributed forest information at different spatial scales, and demonstrate how these ...


GeoNetwork opensource

OSGeo Journal, Vol. 2 (2007), pp. 1-5


Internationally Standardized Distributed Spatial Information Management ...


The value of data

Nature Genetics, Vol. 43, No. 4. (29 March 2011), pp. 281-283,


Data citation and the derivation of semantic constructs directly from datasets have now both found their place in scientific communication. The social challenge facing us is to maintain the value of traditional narrative publications and their relationship to the datasets they report upon while at the same time developing appropriate metrics for citation of data and data constructs. ...


Data-set visibility: Cite links to data in reference lists

Nature, Vol. 492, No. 7429. (19 December 2012), pp. 356-356,


A huge amount of work goes into creating data sets. It is crucial that these data, big or small, should be more prominently linked to their associated research articles as standard practice.To achieve this, data can be cited directly in a publication's reference section ...


Geospatial semantics: why, of what, and how?

Journal on Data Semantics III In Journal on Data Semantics III, Vol. 3534 (2005), pp. 1-24,


Why are notions like semantics and ontologies suddenly getting so much attention, within and outside geospatial information communities? The main reason lies in the componentization of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) into services, which are supposed to interoperate within and across these communities. Consequently, I look at geospatial semantics in the context of semantic interoperability. The paper clarifies the relevant notion of semantics and shows what parts of geospatial information need to receive semantic specifications in order to achieve interoperability. No attempt ...


Accessible reproducible research

Science, Vol. 327, No. 5964. (22 January 2010), pp. 415-416,


Scientific publications have at least two goals: (i) to announce a result and (ii) to convince readers that the result is correct. Mathematics papers are expected to contain a proof complete enough to allow knowledgeable readers to fill in any details. Papers in experimental science should describe the results and provide a clear enough protocol to allow successful repetition and extension. [...] ...


A Map-based Web Server for the Collection and Distribution of Environmental Data

In Bridging the gap: ISPRS WG VI/3 and IV/3 Workshop, Ljubljana, February 2-5, 2000 : Collection of Abstracts (2000)


Environmental data constitute a very wide and poorly structured knowledge domain. The only characteristic that they share is to be associated to a certain geographical object, either a point, or a line, or a polygon. These geographical objects have in turn known relationships among them (e.g. inclusion, closeness). A map can thus constitute a unique way for structuring such a wide domain, thus allowing an ordered data storage and retrieval. A web server for collecting and distributing environmental data has been ...


Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2007 establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE)

Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 50, No. L 108. (April 2007), pp. 1-14


[Excerpt] [...] [:Article 1] [::1] The purpose of this Directive is to lay down general rules aimed at the establishment of the Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (hereinafter referred to as Inspire), for the purposes of Community environmental policies and policies or activities which may have an impact on the environment. [::2] Inspire shall build upon infrastructures for spatial information established and operated by the Member States. [\n] [...] [:Article 3] For the purposes of this Directive, the following definitions shall apply: [::1] ‘infrastructure for spatial ...


Commission Regulation (EC) No 1205/2008 of 3 December 2008 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards metadata

Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 51, No. L 326. (December 2008), pp. 12-30


[...] Article 1. Subject matter. This Regulation sets out the requirements for the creation and maintenance of metadata for spatial data sets, spatial data set series and spatial data services corresponding to the themes listed in Annexes I, II and III to Directive 2007/2/EC. [...] Article 3. Creation and maintenance of metadata. The metadata describing a spatial data set, a spatial data set series or a spatial data service shall comprise the metadata elements or groups of metadata elements set out in Part B of the ...


CYC: a large-scale investment in knowledge infrastructure

Commun. ACM, Vol. 38, No. 11. (November 1995), pp. 33-38,


Since 1984, a person-century of effort has gone into building CYC, a universal schema of roughly 105 general concepts spanning human reality. Most of the time has been spent codifying knowledge about these concepts; approximately 106 commonsense axioms have been handcrafted for and entered into CYC's knowledge base, and millions more have been inferred and cached by CYC. This article examines the fundamental assumptions of doing such a large-scale project, reviews the technical lessons learned by the developers, and surveys the ...


Intelligent database systems



This book provides a state of the art guide to the new developments in expert database systems, from the unique perspective of both the database and AI areas. It gives complete and detailed coverage of the latest research and practice, including all the need-to-know technical and theoretical approaches in the area. ...


Ontology research and development. Part 2 - a review of ontology mapping and evolving

Journal of Information Science, Vol. 28, No. 5. (01 October 2002), pp. 375-388,


This is the second of a two-part paper to review ontology research and development, in particular, ontology mapping and evolving. Ontology is defined as a formal explicit specification of a shared conceptualization. Ontology itself is not a static model so that it must have the potential to capture changes of meanings and relations. As such, mapping and evolving ontologies is part of an essential task of ontology learning and development. Ontology mapping is concerned with reusing existing ontologies, expanding and combining ...


Ontology research and development. Part 1 - a review of ontology generation

Journal of Information Science, Vol. 28, No. 2. (01 April 2002), pp. 123-136,


Ontology is an important emerging discipline that has the huge potential to improve information organization, management and understanding. It has a crucial role to play in enabling content-based access, interoperability, communications, and providing qualitatively new levels of services on the next wave of web transformation in the form of the Semantic Web. The issues pertaining to ontology generation, mapping and maintenance are critical key areas that need to be understood and addressed. This survey is presented in two parts. The first ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

Publication metadata

Bibtex, RIS, RSS/XML feed, Json, Dublin Core

Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
Search only within the INRMM-MiD publication records:
Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.