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Selection: with tag mapping [55 articles] 


SoilGrids1km - Global soil information based on automated mapping

PLOS ONE, Vol. 9, No. 8. (29 August 2014), e105992,


Soils are widely recognized as a non-renewable natural resource and as biophysical carbon sinks. As such, there is a growing requirement for global soil information. Although several global soil information systems already exist, these tend to suffer from inconsistencies and limited spatial detail. We present SoilGrids1km â a global 3D soil information system at 1 km resolution â containing spatial predictions for a selection of soil properties (at six standard depths): soil organic carbon (g kgâ1), soil pH, sand, silt and ...


Mapping indicators of female welfare at high spatial resolution



Improved understanding of geographic variation and inequity in health status, wealth, and access to resources within countries is increasingly being recognized as central to meeting development goals. Development and health indicators assessed at national scales conceal important inequities, with the rural poor often least well represented. High-resolution data on key social and health indicators are fundamental for targeting limited resources, especially where development funding has recently come under increased pressure. Globally, around 80% of countries regularly produce sex-disaggregated statistics at a ...


  1. Alegana, V.A., Atkinson, P.M., Pezzulo, C., Sorichetta, A., Weiss, D., Bird, T., ErbachSchoenberg, E., Tatem, A.J., 2015. Fine resolution mapping of population age-structures for health and development applications. Journal of The Royal Society Interface 12 (105), 20150073+. .
  2. Banerjee, S., Gelfand, A.E., Polasek, W., 2000. Geostatistical modelling for spatial interaction data with application to postal service performance. Journal of statistical planning and inference 90(1), 87-105. .

Exploring the high-resolution mapping of gender-disaggregated development indicators

Journal of The Royal Society Interface, Vol. 14, No. 129. (05 April 2017), 20160825,


Improved understanding of geographical variation and inequity in health status, wealth and access to resources within countries is increasingly being recognized as central to meeting development goals. Development and health indicators assessed at national or subnational scale can often conceal important inequities, with the rural poor often least well represented. The ability to target limited resources is fundamental, especially in an international context where funding for health and development comes under pressure. This has recently prompted the exploration of the potential ...


Supplementary Information from Exploring the high-resolution mapping of gender disaggregated development indicators



[Excerpt: Datasets] The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) is a program of national household surveys implemented across a large number of LMICs. The DHS Program collects and analyses data on population demographic and health characteristics through more than 300 surveys in over 90 countries. The gender-disaggregated data we investigated in this report come from DHS datasets. [\n] [...] [Models specification] [::Bayesian model specification] The Gaussian Function (GF) in INLA is represented as a Gaussian Markov Random Function (GMRF). Computations in INLA are carried out using the GMRF by approximating a ...


  1. Alegana, V.A., Atkinson, P.M., Pezzulo, C., Sorichetta, A., Weiss, D., Bird, T., ErbachSchoenberg, E., Tatem, A.J., 2015. Fine resolution mapping of population age-structures for health and development applications. Journal of The Royal Society Interface 12 (105), 20150073+. .
  2. Bosco, C., de Rigo, D., Dijkstra, T.A., Sander, G., Wasowski, J., 2013. Multi-scale robust modelling of landslide susceptibility: regional rapid assessment and catchment robust fuzzy ensemble. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology

Global trends in satellite-based emergency mapping

Science, Vol. 353, No. 6296. (14 July 2016), pp. 247-252,


Over the past 15 years, scientists and disaster responders have increasingly used satellite-based Earth observations for global rapid assessment of disaster situations. We review global trends in satellite rapid response and emergency mapping from 2000 to 2014, analyzing more than 1000 incidents in which satellite monitoring was used for assessing major disaster situations. We provide a synthesis of spatial patterns and temporal trends in global satellite emergency mapping efforts and show that satellite-based emergency mapping is most intensively deployed in Asia ...


Estimation of live fuel moisture content from MODIS images for fire danger assessment in Southern Gran Chaco

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing (2016), pp. 1-11,


Moisture content of live fuels (LFMC) is one of the main factors determining fuel flammability and, therefore, a key indicator of fire danger. In this study, we modeled the relationship between spectral indices derived from satellite imagery and field estimations of LFMC in the Chaco Serrano subregion; then, we analyzed the relationship between fire danger estimations based on LFMC calculations and fire activity. Empirical LFMC models fitted for grasslands, Chaco Serrano forests, and glossy privet forests may be considered very accurate ...


A unified cropland layer at 250 m for global agriculture monitoring

Data, Vol. 1, No. 1. (19 March 2016), 3,


Accurate and timely information on the global cropland extent is critical for food security monitoring, water management and earth system modeling. Principally, it allows for analyzing satellite image time-series to assess the crop conditions and permits isolation of the agricultural component to focus on food security and impacts of various climatic scenarios. However, despite its critical importance, accurate information on the spatial extent, cropland mapping with remote sensing imagery remains a major challenge. Following an exhaustive identification and collection of existing ...


An overview of 21 global and 43 regional land-cover mapping products

International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 36, No. 21. (2 November 2015), pp. 5309-5335,


Land-cover (LC) products, especially at the regional and global scales, comprise essential data for a wide range of environmental studies affecting biodiversity, climate, and human health. This review builds on previous compartmentalized efforts by summarizing 23 global and 41 regional LC products. Characteristics related to spatial resolution, overall accuracy, time of data acquisition, sensor used, classification scheme and method, support for LC change detection, download location, and key corresponding references are provided. Operational limitations and uncertainties are discussed, mostly as a ...


Production of global land cover data – GLCNMO2008

Journal of Geography and Geology, Vol. 6, No. 3. (20 July 2014),


A fifteen-second global land cover dataset –– GLCNMO2008 (or GLCNMO version 2) was produced by the authors in the Global Mapping Project coordinated by the International Steering Committee for Global Mapping (ISCGM). The primary source data of this land cover mapping were 23-period, 16-day composite, 7-band, 500-m MODIS data of 2008. GLCNMO2008 has 20 land cover classes, within which 14 classes were mapped by supervised classification. Training data for supervised classification consisting of about 2,000 polygons were collected globally using Google ...


Conservation status of large carnivores in Europe and the freedom within frames approach

In Coexistence of Large Carnivores and Humans: Threat or Benefit? - Proceedings of the International Symposium preceding the 54th CIC General Assembly (May 2007), pp. 13-22


The European populations of brown bear, Eurasian lynx, wolf and wolverine have increased in the last two decades. The only European large carnivore (LC) that has not seen an increase in its range is the Iberian lynx, which is the most endangered cat in the world. The reason for this general trend is to be found in a series of factors that span from a shift in land use patterns to a series of national and international legislations that regulate the management of habitats and species. Despite all these, the relationship ...


North-South differentiation and a region of high diversity in European wolves (Canis lupus)

PLoS ONE, Vol. 8, No. 10. (11 October 2013), e76454,


European wolves (Canis lupus) show population genetic structure in the absence of geographic barriers, and across relatively short distances for this highly mobile species. Additional information on the location of and divergence between population clusters is required, particularly because wolves are currently recolonizing parts of Europe. We evaluated genetic structure in 177 wolves from 11 countries using over 67K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci. The results supported previous findings of an isolated Italian population with lower genetic diversity than that observed ...


Fire history and the global carbon budget: a 1°x 1° fire history reconstruction for the 20th century

Global Change Biology, Vol. 11, No. 3. (March 2005), pp. 398-420,


A yearly global fire history is a prerequisite for quantifying the contribution of previous fires to the past and present global carbon budget. Vegetation fires can have both direct (combustion) and long-term indirect effects on the carbon cycle. Every fire influences the ecosystem carbon budget for many years, as a consequence of internal reorganization, decomposition of dead biomass, and regrowth. We used a two-step process to estimate these effects. First we synthesized the available data available for the 1980s or 1990s ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 20

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   liquidambar-styraciflua   liriodendron-spp   liriodendron-tulipifera   list   literate-programming   lithocarpus-densiflorus   lithocarpus-glaber   lithocarpus-spp   lithuania   litter   local   local-average-invariance   local-over-complication   local-scale   lodoicea-maldivica   logging   logic-programming   logics   logistic-regression   lognormal-distribution   long-distance-dispersal   long-distance-pollen-flow   long-lived-changes   long-range-transport   long-term   lonicera-alpigena   lonicera-caerulea   lonicera-nigra   lonicera-periclymenum   lonicera-spp   lonicera-tatarica   lonicera-xylosteum   loranthus-europaeus   lose-lose-solution   low-diversity   low-intensity-agriculture   low-intensity-cumulated-effect   low-pass-filtering   lpj-guess   lucanidae   lupinus-incana   lupinus-spp   lymantria-dispar   lymantria-monacha   lyonothamnus-floribundus   lysiloma-latisiliquum   macchia   macedonia   machine-learning   maclura-spp   macro-remains   macroclimate   macroecology   macrofossils   macropsis-glandacea   maghreb   magnolia-acuminata   magnolia-grandiflora   magnoliophyta   mahalanobis-distance   mahonia-spp   malta   malus-crescimannoi   malus-dasyphylla   malus-pumila   malus-spp   malus-sylvestris   mammals   mammea-americana   management   management-indicators   management-strategies   manganese   mangifera-indica   mangrove-forest   mangroves   manifesto   manilkara-zapota   manual   manual-cutting   maple   maple-ash   maple-decline   maple-linden   mapping   mapping-networks   maps   maquis   marchalina   marginal-populations   marine-ecosystem   marssonina-betulae   mass-extinction   mass-spectrometry   mast-fruiting   mastixioideae   mastrave-modelling-library   mathematical-reasoning   mathematics  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Accuracy assessment of a remote sensing-based, pan-European forest cover map using multi-country national forest inventory data

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, Vol. 6, No. 1. (February 2013), pp. 54-65,


A pan-European forest cover map (FMAP2006) was produced using a novel automated classification approach using remotely sensed data from fine resolution satellite instruments. In contrast to previous classification accuracy assessments of such continental scale land cover products, the current study aimed for a reliable assessment at different geographical levels: pan-European, regional and local level. A unique data set consisting of detailed field inventory plots was provided via a collaboration with the national forest inventories (NFIs) in Europe. Close to 900,000 field ...


An integrated pan-tropical biomass map using multiple reference datasets

Global Change Biology, Vol. 22, No. 4. (April 2016), pp. 1406-1420,


We combined two existing datasets of vegetation aboveground biomass (AGB) (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108, 2011, 9899; Nature Climate Change, 2, 2012, 182) into a pan-tropical AGB map at 1-km resolution using an independent reference dataset of field observations and locally calibrated high-resolution biomass maps, harmonized and upscaled to 14 477 1-km AGB estimates. Our data fusion approach uses bias removal and weighted linear averaging that incorporates and spatializes the biomass patterns ...


The Holdridge life zones of the conterminous United States in relation to ecosystem mapping

Journal of Biogeography, Vol. 26, No. 5. (September 1999), pp. 1025-1038,


[Aim] Our main goals were to develop a map of the life zones for the conterminous United States, based on the Holdridge Life Zone system, as a tool for ecosystem mapping, and to compare the map of Holdridge life zones with other global vegetation classification and mapping efforts. [Location] The area of interest is the forty-eight contiguous states of the United States. [Methods] We wrote a PERL program for determining life zones from climatic data and linked it to the image processing workbench ...


European map of alien plant invasions based on the quantitative assessment across habitats

Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 15, No. 1. (January 2009), pp. 98-107,


[Aim] Recent studies using vegetation plots have demonstrated that habitat type is a good predictor of the level of plant invasion, expressed as the proportion of alien to all species. At local scale, habitat types explain the level of invasion much better than alien propagule pressure. Moreover, it has been shown that patterns of habitat invasion are consistent among European regions with contrasting climates, biogeography, history and socioeconomic background. Here we use these findings as a basis for mapping the ...


Mapping and assessing the condition of Europe's ecosystems: progress and challenges - EEA contribution to the implementation of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020

No. 3/2016. (2016),


[Excerpt: Executive summary] We depend on healthy and resilient ecosystems to continue to deliver a range of essential services, such as food, water, clean air and recreation, into the future. However, our natural capital is being lost to or degraded by pressures such as pollution, climate change, overexploitation and urban development. The EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 therefore sets a target to maintain and enhance ecosystems and their services by establishing green infrastructures and restoring at least 15 % of degraded ecosystems by 2020. Mapping ecosystems and their condition is essential for measuring ...


  1. Adi Associates, 2014. Setting up of an Underwater Trail in the Marine Protected Area from Rdum Majjiesa to Rasir-Raheb. .
  2. Airoldi, L., Beck, M. W., 2007. Loss, status and trends for coastal marine habitats of Europe. Oceanography and Marine Biology, (45) 345–405.
  3. Armson, D., Stringer, P., Ennos, A. R., 2012. The effect of tree shade and grass on surface and globe temperatures in an urban area. Urban

Challenges and opportunities in harnessing satellite remote-sensing for biodiversity monitoring

Ecological Informatics (September 2015),


Monitoring biodiversity changes have become a major concern for governmental agencies. Remote-sensing can deliver very high resolution (VHR) data on habitats. We describe the challenges to be faced when using such data. We further propose VHR baseline conditions to improve future monitoring. The ability of remote-sensing technologies to rapidly deliver data on habitat quantity (e.g., amount, configuration) and quality (e.g., structure, distribution of individual plant species, habitat types and/or communities, persistence) across a range of spatial resolutions and temporal frequencies ...


Mapping landscape corridors

Ecological Indicators, Vol. 7, No. 2. (April 2007), pp. 481-488,


Corridors are important geographic features for biological conservation and biodiversity assessment. The identification and mapping of corridors is usually based on visual interpretations of movement patterns (functional corridors) or habitat maps (structural corridors). We present a method for automated corridor mapping with morphological image processing, and demonstrate the approach with a forest map derived from satellite imagery of northern Slovakia. We show how the approach can be used to differentiate between relatively narrow (‘line’) and wide (‘strip’) structural corridors by mapping ...


A MODIS-based global 1-km maximum green vegetation fraction dataset

Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 53, No. 8. (21 May 2014), pp. 1996-2004,


Global land-cover data are widely used in regional and global models because land cover influences land–atmosphere exchanges of water, energy, momentum, and carbon. Many models use data of maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF) to describe vegetation abundance. MGVF products have been created in the past using different methods, but their validation with ground sites is difficult. Furthermore, uncertainty is introduced because many products use a single year of satellite data. In this study, a global 1-km MGVF product is developed on ...

Visual summary

  • Caption: [Excerpt from the article] Green vegetation fraction (GVF; Deardorff 1978) is widely used in global models [...] Along with leaf area index (LAI; Myneni et al. 2002), GVF is used to describe the abundance of vegetation in most global models [...] The Community Land Model (CLM; Lawrence and Chase 2007) currently uses estimates of maximum GVF from ‘‘Continuous Fields’’ (CF) data that are based on measurements from the Moderate Resolution Imaging

Mapping the daily progression of large wildland fires using MODIS active fire data

International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 23, No. 5. (2014), 655,
Keywords: mapping   modelling   modis   regression   wildfires  


High temporal resolution information on burnt area is needed to improve fire behaviour and emissions models. We used the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) thermal anomaly and active fire product (MO(Y)D14) as input to a kriging interpolation to derive continuous maps of the timing of burnt area for 16 large wildland fires. For each fire, parameters for the kriging model were defined using variogram analysis. The optimal number of observations used to estimate a pixel’s time of burning varied between four ...


Advances in pan-European flood hazard mapping

Hydrological Processes, Vol. 28, No. 13. (30 June 2014), pp. 4067-4077,


Flood hazard maps at trans-national scale have potential for a large number of applications ranging from climate change studies, reinsurance products, aid to emergency operations for major flood crisis, among others. However, at continental scales, only few products are available, due to the difficulty of retrieving large consistent data sets. Moreover, these are produced at relatively coarse grid resolution, which limits their applications to qualitative assessments. At finer resolution, maps are often limited to country boundaries, due to limited data sharing ...


Karte der natürlichen Vegetation Europas / Map of the Natural Vegetation of Europe. Maßstab / Scale 1:2,500,000


Interaktive CD-ROM zur Karte der natürlichen Vegetation Europas / Interactive CD-Rom Map of the Natural Vegetation of Europe


CORINE land cover technical guide - Addendum 2000

No. 40. (May 2000)
edited by Chris Steenmans


[Introduction] This technical guide is an addendum to the CORINE Land Cover Technical Guide, published by the European Commission within the frame of the CORINE Programme (CEC, 1994). This addendum 2000 was prepared by the European Topic Centre on Land Cover and Phare Topic Link on Land Cover to support the land cover monitoring activities of the European Environment Agency (EEA Multi-annual Work Programme 1998-2002, project 1.3.5 Land Cover). The purpose of this addendum is: [::] to provide those in charge of collecting and updating CORINE Land Cover data ...


Mapping land cover from detailed aerial photography data using textural and neural network analysis

International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 28, No. 7. (1 April 2007), pp. 1625-1642,


Automated mapping of land cover using black and white aerial photographs, as an alternative method to traditional photo?interpretation, requires using methods other than spectral analysis classification. To this end, textural measurements have been shown to be useful indicators of land cover. In this work, a neural network model is proposed and tested to map historical land use/land cover (LUC) from very detailed panchromatic aerial photographs (5 m resolution) using textural measurements. The method is used to identify different land use and management ...


Identifying strengths and limitations of pan-European forest cover maps through spatial comparison

International Journal of Geographical Information Science, Vol. 25, No. 11. (21 October 2011), pp. 1865-1884,


Detailed and harmonized information on spatial forest distribution is an essential input for forest-related environmental assessments, in particular, for biomass and growing stock modeling. In the last years, several mapping approaches have been developed in order to provide such information for Europe in a harmonized way. Each of these maps exhibits particular properties and varies in accuracy. Yet, they are often used in parallel for different modeling purposes. A detailed spatial comparison seemed necessary in order to provide information on the ...


Practical Implications of Design-Based Sampling Inference for Thematic Map Accuracy Assessment

Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 72, No. 1. (April 2000), pp. 35-45,


Sampling inference is the process of generalizing from sample data to make statements or draw conclusions about a population. Design-based inference is the inferential framework commonly invoked when sampling techniques are used in thematic map accuracy assessment. The conceptual basis of design-based inference is described, followed by discussion of practical implications of design-based inference, including (1) the population to which the inferences apply, (2) estimation formulas and their justification, (3) interpretation of accuracy measures, (4) representation of variability, (5) effect of ...


State of the Climate: Global Analysis for November 2013

(December 2013)


[Global Highlights] [::] The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for November 2013 was record highest for the 134-year period of record, at 0.78°C (1.40°F) above the 20th century average of 12.9°C (55.2°F). [::] The global land surface temperature was 1.43°C (2.57°F) above the 20th century average of 5.9°C (42.6°F), the second highest for November on record, behind 2010. For the global oceans, the November average sea surface temperature was 0.54°C (0.97°F) above the 20th century average of 15.8°C (60.4°F), ...


GLOBCOVER 2009 - Products description and validation report

(February 2011)
Keywords: global-scale   land-cover   mapping   validation  


[Excerpt: Introduction] In 2008, the ESA-GlobCover 2005 project delivered to the international community the very first 300- m global land cover map for 2005 as well as bimonthly and annual MERIS (Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument) Fine Resolution (FR) surface reflectance mosaics. The ESA- GlobCover 2005 project, carried out by an international consortium, started in April 2005 and relied on very rich feedback and comments from a large partnership including end-users belonging to international institutions (JRC, FAO, EEA, UNEP, GOFC-GOLD and IGBP) in addition to ESA internal assessment. ...


A high-resolution soil erosion risk map of Switzerland as strategic policy support system

Land Use Policy, Vol. 32 (May 2013), pp. 281-291,


Soil erosion models and soil erosion risk maps are often used as indicators to assess potential soil erosion in order to assist policy decisions. This paper shows the scientific basis of the soil erosion risk map of Switzerland and its application in policy and practice. Linking a USLE/RUSLE-based model approach (AVErosion) founded on multiple flow algorithms and the unit contributing area concept with an extremely precise and high-resolution digital terrain model (2 m × 2 m grid) using GIS allows for a realistic assessment of ...


Terrestrial ecoregions of the world: a new map of life on Earth

BioScience, Vol. 51, No. 11. (01 November 2001), pp. 933-938,[0933:teotwa];2


A new global map of terrestrial ecoregions provides an innovative tool for conserving biodiversity ...


Land use information for integrated natural resources management—a coordinated national mapping program for Australia

Journal of Land Use Science, Vol. 1, No. 1. (30 June 2006), pp. 45-62,


Land use has profound effects on soil, vegetation and water resources. In Australia, land use information has a critical role to play in developing effective responses to natural resource management problems such as salinity, water quality and the maintenance of biodiversity?at national, regional and local levels. This calls for strategic collation and delivery of land use mapping. This paper describes key elements of a nationally coordinated land use mapping program in Australia, including mapping scales, procedures, and technical and scientific challenges. ...


Forest classification of Southeast Asia using NOAA AVHRR data

Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 54, No. 3. (December 1995), pp. 198-208,


Methodologies using the 1 km resolution data of the NOAA AVHRR instrument were developed for tropical forest spectral discrimination and mapping at a regional scale. Tropical Southeast Asia was selected as a case study using a multitemporal AVHRR data set of 1990–1992. This study documents first the relevance of AVHRR data to assess the extent of seasonal and dense forest and, moreover, reports on the derivation of a specific fragmented/disturbed forest class. A geographically dependent methodology is developed: For continental Southeast ...


Forest fires in the European Mediterranean region: mapping and analysis of burned areas

In Earth Observation of Wildland Fires in Mediterranean Ecosystems (2009), pp. 189-203,
edited by Emilio Chuvieco


Approximately 60,000 fires occur in the European Mediterranean region every year. On average, they burn approximately half a million ha of forest areas. The mapping of areas burned by forest fires is of critical importance for the analysis of fire impact and for the monitoring of fire recurrence and vegetation recovery in affected areas. An important contribution of remote sensing in wildfire monitoring is the mapping and analysis of burnt areas. Areas affected by forest fires present a distinct spectral response ...


AIGIS-based methodology for natural terrain landslide susceptibilitymapping in Hong Kong

Episodes, Vol. 24, No. 3. (2001), pp. 150-158


This paper presents a novel application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Geographic Information System (GIS) to the mapping of natural terrain landslide susceptibility in Hong Kong. The method is applied to the central part of Lantau Island as a pilot study. First, we discuss the key technical concepts of AI and GIS, the advantages of their integrated application, and the growing importance of remote sensing data. We then describe the working procedure including the construction of the GIS database, pre-treatment of ...


Description of the indices implemented in EUDIC software for the European meteorological forest fire risk mapping

(May 2000)


EUDIC is a software developed in the frame of a collaboration between the Department AGROSELVITER of the University of Turin and the Space Application Institute of the Joint Research Centre. The software is aimed to compute daily a number of meteorological fire danger indices in Europe, using as input either measured meteorological data from the MARS database or forecasted weather data from MeteoFrance. The output are raster maps of the European Mediterranean basin or other portions of the European territory, ...


New IPCC Tier-1 Global Biomass Carbon Map for the Year 2000



Here we present a new global map of biomass carbon stored in above and belowground living vegetation created using the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Good Practice Guidance for reporting national greenhouse gas inventories. This map provides important benchmarks for climate policy dialogues aiming to reduce carbon emissions from land-use change, and may also advance global terrestrial and climate modeling efforts by providing improved representation of global vegetation carbon stocks. ...


Pan-European forest/non-forest mapping with Landsat ETM+ and CORINE Land Cover 2000 data

ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Vol. 64, No. 2. (March 2009), pp. 171-183,


This paper describes a simple and adaptive methodology for large area forest/non-forest mapping using Landsat ETM+ imagery and CORINE Land Cover 2000. The methodology is based on scene-by-scene analysis and supervised classification. The fully automated processing chain consists of several phases, including image segmentation, clustering, adaptive spectral representativity analysis, training data extraction and nearest-neighbour classification. This method was used to produce a European forest/non-forest map through the processing of 415 Landsat ETM+ scenes. The resulting forest/non-forest map was validated with three ...


Statistical mapping of tree species over Europe

European Journal of Forest Research In European Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 131, No. 1. (21 April 2012), pp. 145-157,


In order to map the spatial distribution of twenty tree species groups over Europe at 1 km × 1 km resolution, the ICP-Forest Level-I plot data were extended with the National Forest Inventory (NFI) plot data of eighteen countries. The NFI grids have a much smaller spacing than the ICP grid. In areas with NFI plot data, the proportions of the land area covered by the tree species were mapped by compositional kriging. Outside these areas, these proportions were mapped with a multinomial ...


A forest management map of European forests

Ecology and Society, Vol. 17, No. 4. (2012),


Forest management to a large extent determines the possible services that the forest can provide. Different objectives in forest management determine the rotation length and valuation of different stages in forest succession. We present a method of mapping potential forest management at 1-km resolution to inform policy, land use modeling, and forest resource projections. The presented method calculates the suitability of a location to different forest management alternatives based on biotic, abiotic, socioeconomic, and political factors. A sensitivity analysis of the ...


A European map of living forest biomass and carbon stock

Reference Report by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. EUR - Scientific and Technical Research, Vol. 25730 (2012),


Forest ecosystems have a key role in the global carbon cycle and are considered large and persistent carbon sinks. The CO2 fixed by photosynthesis is one of the most important components of the carbon cycle, and forests play a determinant role in this process. Therefore, spatially explicit data and assessments of forest biomass and carbon is of paramount importance for the design and implementation of effective sustainable forest management options and forest related policies at the European level. The aim of ...


A comparison of tropical carbon maps



[Excerpt] This site uses Ecometrica's Our Ecosystem to dynamically compare maps of aboveground carbon (carbon stored in woody vegetation). Currently we compare two pantropical data sets, but we hope to add many more global, regional and small-scale data sets soon. The site has advanced functionality allowing the carbon maps to be viewed and compared at a full range of resolutions, and for a specific area of interest to be queried to view the different carbon stocks predicted by the maps, partitioned into ...


Choice of forest map has implications for policy analysis: a case study on the EU biofuel target

Environmental Science & Policy, Vol. 22 (October 2012), pp. 13-24,


With the increasing availability of European and global forest maps, users are facing the difficult choice to select the most appropriate map for their purposes. Many of these maps are potential input datasets for forest-related applications for the European Union (EU), due to their spatial extent and harmonised approach at the European level. However, they possess different characteristics in terms of spatial detail or thematic accuracy. Little attention has been paid to the effect of these characteristics on simulation models and ...


Pan-European forest maps derived from optical satellite imagery

IEEE Earthzine, Vol. 5, No. 2. (2012), 390004


Two pan-European forest maps were produced by the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre for the years 2000 and 2006. Both forest maps were derived from high-resolution, optical satellite imagery using an automatic processing technique, while the forest map from 2006 was further refined to map forest types using MODIS satellite imagery. This article provides a summary of the methodology and the associated accuracy assessment for the two maps. ...


European digital archive on soil maps (EuDASM): preserving important soil data for public free access

International Journal of Digital Earth, Vol. 4, No. 5. (28 June 2011), pp. 434-443,


Abstract Historical soil survey paper maps are valuable resources that underpin strategies to support soil protection and promote sustainable land use practices, especially in developing countries where digital soil information is often missing. However, many of the soil maps, in particular those for developing countries, are held in traditional archives that are not easily accessible to potential users. Additionally, many of these documents are over 50 years old and are beginning to deteriorate. Realising the need to conserve this information, the ...


The geographical relationships of British and Irish vascular plants

Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol. 124, No. 1. (May 1997), pp. 1-120,


Classifications of British and Irish vascular plants into floristic elements are reviewed. Only H.C. Watson and J.R. Matthews have attempted to devise a more or less comprehensive classification, based on the British range of the species (Watson) or the European distribution (Matthews). A new classification of 1481 native species is presented, based on their range in the Northern Hemisphere. Species are classified by their occurrence in one or more major biomes (Arctic, Boreal, Temperate, Southern) and their longitudinal distribution (Oceanic, Suboceanic, ...


Indicators for mapping ecosystem services: a review

No. EUR 25456. (2012),


Ecosystem services are the benefits that humans derive from ecosystems, such as food provisioning, water regulating and provisioning, soil productivity, and use of natural areas for recreation. The current challenge is to mainstream ecosystem services into policies and practices in order to ensure the continuous provision of these benefits to humans. The European Union has adopted an EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2020 in which the target of safeguarding ecosystem services is explicitly included. One crucial step to account for ecosystem services ...


Earth observations and dynamic mapping: key assets for risk management

In Geographic Information and Cartography for Risk and Crisis Management (2010), pp. 3-21,


The timelines and the accuracy of information provided and used are recognized as being critical when dealing with emergencies. The traditional ways to display much of the information in maps had many limitations, which are now being overcome with major progress in the way data are collected, organized, accessed, and communicated. This chapter provides an overview of current Earth Observation capacity with some examples in relation to forest fires and floods that serve to illustrate the main characteristics including governance and ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

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Publication metadata

Bibtex, RIS, RSS/XML feed, Json, Dublin Core

Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
Search only within the INRMM-MiD publication records:
Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.