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Selection: with tag long-term [11 articles] 


More rain, less soil: long-term changes in rainfall intensity with climate change

Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 41, No. 4. (30 March 2016), pp. 563-566,


This commentary discusses the role of long-term climate change in driving increases in soil erosion. Assuming that land use and management remain effectively constant, we discuss changes in the ability of rainfall to cause erosion (erosivity), using long daily rainfall data sets from southeast England. An upward trend in mean rainfall per rain day is detected at the century-plus timescale. Implications for soil erosion and sediment delivery are discussed and evidence from other regions reviewed. We conclude that rates of soil ...


Assessing European wild fire vulnerability

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 14 (April 2012), 9452


Wild fire vulnerability is a measure of potential socio-economic damage caused by a fire in a specific area. As such it is an important component of long-term fire risk management, helping policy-makers take informed decisions about adequate expenditures for fire prevention and suppression, and to target those regions at highest risk. This paper presents a first approach to assess wild fire vulnerability at the European level. A conservative approach was chosen that assesses the cost of restoring the previous land cover after a potential fire. Based on the CORINE ...


A climate policy pathway for near- and long-term benefits

Science, Vol. 356, No. 6337. (05 May 2017), pp. 493-494,


The Paris Climate Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) explicitly links the world's long-term climate and near-term sustainable development and poverty eradication agendas. Urgent action is needed, but there are many paths toward the agreement's long-term, end-of-century, 1.5° to 2°C climate target. We propose that reducing short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) enough to slow projected global warming by 0.5°C over the next 25 years be adopted as a near-term goal, with many potential benefits toward achieving Sustainable ...


How innovations thrive in GRASS GIS

In North Carolina GIS Conference, NCGIS2017 (2017)


[Poster topic highlights] [::] Algorithms and models included in GRASS GIS remain available long term (Chemin et al., 2015). [::] Analytical tools are not limited to one domain but spread across many fields. [::] New tools can be built based on functionality or code of the existing ones regardless of the particular domain of problems they belong to. [::] Both the functionality and the code are evaluated by the community of users and developers in different fields and scales. [General GRASS GIS highlights] [::] The GRASS GIS development team ...


Progress in wilderness fire science: embracing complexity

Journal of Forestry (May 2016), pp. 373-383,


Wilderness has played an invaluable role in the development of wildland fire science. Since Agee's review of the subject 15 years ago, tremendous progress has been made in the development of models and data, in understanding the complexity of wildland fire as a landscape process, and in appreciating the social factors that influence the use of wilderness fire. Regardless of all we have learned, though, the reality is that fire remains an extraordinarily complex process with variable effects that create essential ...


Archiving primary data: solutions for long-term studies

Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 30, No. 10. (2015), pp. 581-589,


The recent trend for journals to require open access to primary data included in publications has been embraced by many biologists, but has caused apprehension amongst researchers engaged in long-term ecological and evolutionary studies. A worldwide survey of 73 principal investigators (Pls) with long-term studies revealed positive attitudes towards sharing data with the agreement or involvement of the PI, and 93% of PIs have historically shared data. Only 8% were in favor of uncontrolled, open access to primary data while 63% ...


The ash dieback crisis: genetic variation in resistance can prove a long-term solution

Plant Pathology, Vol. 63, No. 3. (June 2014), pp. 485-499,


Over the last two decades, ash dieback has become a major problem in Europe, where the causative fungus has invaded the continent rapidly. The disease is caused by the invasive pathogenic fungus Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus (anamorph Chalara fraxinea), which causes severe symptoms and dieback in common ash, Fraxinus excelsior. It is becoming a significant threat to biodiversity in forest ecosystems and the economic and aesthetic impacts are immense. Despite the presence of the disease for at least 10 years in Scandinavia, a ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 20

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   liquidambar-styraciflua   liriodendron-spp   liriodendron-tulipifera   list   literate-programming   lithocarpus-densiflorus   lithocarpus-glaber   lithocarpus-spp   lithuania   litter   local   local-average-invariance   local-over-complication   local-scale   lodoicea-maldivica   logging   logic-programming   logics   logistic-regression   lognormal-distribution   long-distance-dispersal   long-distance-pollen-flow   long-lived-changes   long-range-transport   long-term   lonicera-alpigena   lonicera-caerulea   lonicera-nigra   lonicera-periclymenum   lonicera-spp   lonicera-tatarica   lonicera-xylosteum   loranthus-europaeus   lose-lose-solution   low-diversity   low-intensity-agriculture   low-intensity-cumulated-effect   low-pass-filtering   lpj-guess   lucanidae   lupinus-incana   lupinus-spp   lymantria-dispar   lymantria-monacha   lyonothamnus-floribundus   lysiloma-latisiliquum   macchia   macedonia   machine-learning   maclura-spp   macro-remains   macroclimate   macroecology   macrofossils   macropsis-glandacea   maghreb   magnolia-acuminata   magnolia-grandiflora   magnoliophyta   mahalanobis-distance   mahonia-spp   malta   malus-crescimannoi   malus-dasyphylla   malus-pumila   malus-spp   malus-sylvestris   mammals   mammea-americana   management   management-indicators   management-strategies   manganese   mangifera-indica   mangrove-forest   mangroves   manifesto   manilkara-zapota   manual   manual-cutting   maple   maple-ash   maple-decline   maple-linden   mapping   mapping-networks   maps   maquis   marchalina   marginal-populations   marine-ecosystem   marssonina-betulae   mass-extinction   mass-spectrometry   mast-fruiting   mastixioideae   mastrave-modelling-library   mathematical-reasoning   mathematics  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Long-term interactions between Mediterranean climate, vegetation and fire regime at Lago di Massaciuccoli (Tuscany, Italy)

Journal of Ecology, Vol. 95, No. 4. (1 July 2007), pp. 755-770,
Keywords: climate   fire   long-term   mediterranean   tuscany   vegetation  


* 1A Holocene sedimentary sequence from a coastal lake in the Mediterranean area (Lago di Massaciuccoli, Tuscany, Italy, 0 m a.s.l.) was sampled for pollen and microscopic charcoal analyses. Contiguous 1-cm samples represent an estimated time interval of c. 13 years, thus providing a high-resolution sequence from 6100 to 5400 cal. years bp. * 2Just before 6000 cal. years bp, sub-Mediterranean and Mediterranean forests were present together with fir (Abies alba), a submontane species that is today absent at low altitudes in ...


What Is Natural? The Need for a Long-Term Perspective in Biodiversity Conservation

Science, Vol. 314, No. 5803. (24 November 2006), pp. 1261-1265,


Ecosystems change in response to factors such as climate variability, invasions, and wildfires. Most records used to assess such change are based on short-term ecological data or satellite imagery spanning only a few decades. In many instances it is impossible to disentangle natural variability from other, potentially significant trends in these records, partly because of their short time scale. We summarize recent studies that show how paleoecological records can be used to provide a longer temporal perspective to address specific conservation ...


A palaeoecological attempt to classify fire sensitivity of trees in the southern Alps

The Holocene, Vol. 10, No. 5. (01 July 2000), pp. 565-574,


Using pollen percentages and charcoal influx to reconstruct the Holocene vegetation and fire history, we differentiate six possible responses of plants to fire of medium and high frequency: fire-intolerant, fire damaged, fire-sensitive, fire-indifferent, fire-enhanced and fire-adapted. The fire sensitivity of 17 pollen types, representing 20 woody species in the southern Alps, is validated by comparison with today's ecological studies of plant chronosequences. A surprising coincidence of species reaction to fire of medium frequency is character istic for completely different vegetation types, ...

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Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.