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Selection: with tag lightning [7 articles] 


Predicting climate change effects on wildfires requires linking processes across scales

Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, Vol. 2, No. 1. (January 2011), pp. 99-112,


Accurate process‐based prediction of climate change effects on wildfires requires coupling processes across orders of magnitude of time and space scales, because climate dynamic processes operate at relatively large scales (e.g., hemispherical and centennial), but fire behavior processes operate at relatively small scales (e.g., molecules and microseconds). In this review, we outline some of the current understanding of the processes by which climate/meteorology controls wildfire behavior by focusing on four critical stages of wildfire development: (1) fuel drying, (2) ignition, (3) ...


A lightning parameterization for the ECMWF integrated forecasting system

Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 144, No. 9. (September 2016), pp. 3057-3075,
Keywords: ecmwf   forecast   lightning   meteorology  


A new parameterization able to diagnose lightning flash densities is proposed for the ECMWF Integrated Forecasting System, including its tangent-linear and adjoint versions. Total lightning densities are expressed as a function of hydrometeors contents, convective available potential energy, and cloud-base height output by the convective parameterization. Potential future applications range from the computation of NOx emissions by lightning in atmospheric chemistry models, severe convection forecasting, and data assimilation. In this study, a decade-long experiment is used to calibrate the simulated global ...


Projected increase in lightning strikes in the United States due to global warming

Science, Vol. 346, No. 6211. (13 November 2014), pp. 851-854,


[Abstract] Lightning plays an important role in atmospheric chemistry and in the initiation of wildfires, but the impact of global warming on lightning rates is poorly constrained. Here we propose that the lightning flash rate is proportional to the convective available potential energy (CAPE) times the precipitation rate. Using observations, the product of CAPE and precipitation explains 77% of the variance in the time series of total cloud-to-ground lightning flashes over the contiguous United States (CONUS). Storms convert CAPE times precipitated water ...


A projected decrease in lightning under climate change

Nature Climate Change, Vol. 8, No. 3. (12 February 2018), pp. 210-213,


Lightning strongly influences atmospheric chemistry1,2,3, and impacts the frequency of natural wildfires4. Most previous studies project an increase in global lightning with climate change over the coming century1,5,6,7, but these typically use parameterizations of lightning that neglect cloud ice fluxes, a component generally considered to be fundamental to thunderstorm charging8. As such, the response of lightning to climate change is uncertain. Here, we compare lightning projections for 2100 using two parameterizations: the widely used cloud-top height (CTH) approach9, and a new ...


Harmonized classification scheme of fire causes in the EU adopted for the European Fire Database of EFFIS



The information on the causes of forest fires is of paramount importance to support the environmental and civil protection policies and design appropriate prevention measure. At the European level a simple common scheme with 4 fire causes classes (deliberate, accident/negligence, natural and unknown) has been used to record information on fire causes since 1992. European countries use national schemes which in most cases are much more detailed than the simple 4 common classes, but they are not harmonized and detailed cross ...


The sensitivity of global wildfires to simulated past, present, and future lightning frequency

Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 119, No. 3. (March 2014), pp. 312-322,


In this study, components of the Max Planck Institute Earth System Model were used to explore how changes in lightning induced by climate change alter wildfire activity. To investigate how climate change alters global flash frequency, simulations with the atmospheric general circulation model ECHAM6 were performed for the time periods preindustrial, present-day, and three future scenarios. The effect of changes in lightning activity on fire occurrence was derived from simulations with the land surface vegetation model JSBACH. Global cloud-to-ground lightning activity ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 22

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   larix-gmelinii   larix-kaempferi   larix-leptolepis   larix-lyallii   larix-marschlinsii   larix-occidentalis   larix-olgensis   larix-sibirica   larix-spp   last-glacial-maximum   last-interglacial   late-mesolithic   late-quaternary   latex   lathyrus-aureus   latitude   latvia   laurocerasus-officinalis   laurus-azorica   laurus-nobilis   laurus-spp   layer   leaf   leaf-analysis   leaf-area   leaf-area-index   leaf-dry-weight   leaf-growth   leaf-litter-processing   leaf-respiration   leaf-senescence   leaf-thickness   leaf-traits   learning   learning-strategies   lecanosticta-acicola   lecointea-amazonica   legal-issues   legislation   lepidoptera   lepomis-gibbosus   leptinotarsa-decemlineata   leptographium-spp   lepus-americanus   leucaena-leucocephala   leucoma-salicis   lexicographic-ranking   liberia   library   license   license--agpl-v1   license--cc-by-2-0   license--cc-by-3-0   license--cc-by-4-0   license--cc0-1-0   license--cecill-v2   license--gnu-agpl-v3   license--gnu-agpl-v3orlater   license--gnu-gpl-v1   license--gnu-gpl-v1orlater   license--gnu-gpl-v2   license--gnu-gpl-v2orlater   license--gnu-gpl-v3   license--gnu-gpl-v3orlater   license--open-government-licence-v3   license--public-domain   license-gnu-gpl   licensing   lichens   lidar   life-science   light-availability   light-response   lightning   lignification   lignin   ligustrum-spp   ligustrum-vulgare   limited-flexibility-ecosystem   limiting-factor   lines-of-code   linnaea-borealis   linux   linux-kernel   liquidambar-orientalis   liquidambar-styraciflua   liriodendron-spp   liriodendron-tulipifera   liriomyza-bryoniae   list   literacy   literate-programming   lithocarpus-densiflorus   lithocarpus-glaber   lithocarpus-spp   lithuania   litter   live-fuel-moisture-content   livestock  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.