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Selection: with tag legal-issues [21 articles] 


Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on the implementation of the Forest Focus scheme according to Regulation (EC) No 2152/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 November 2003 concerning monitoring of forests and environmental interactions in the Community (Forest Focus) SEC(2008) 30

No. COM(2008) 006 final. (22 January 2008)


[Excerpt] [\n] [...] [Introduction and scope] This report responds to the reporting requirements of Article 19 of Regulation 2152/2003. This regulation established a Community scheme (hereinafter referred to as 'Forest Focus') for broad based harmonised and comprehensive long-term monitoring of the condition of forests for a period of 4 years from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2006. [\n] This regulation was repealed by Regulation (EC) No 614/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the Financial Instrument for the Environment (LIFE+). As ...


Commission Regulation (EC) No 804/94 of 11 April 1994 laying down certain detailed rules for the application of Council Regulation (EEC) No 2158/92 as regards forest-fire information systems

Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 37, No. L 93. (12 April 1994), pp. 11-15


[Excerpt] [\n] [...] [Article 1] [::1] Member States shall collect a set of information on forest fires enabling them to meet the objectives laid down in Article 5 (2) of Regulation (EEC) No 2158/92. [::2] The set of information shall contain at least a number of standard items, comparable at Community level, hereinafter called the 'minimum common core of information on forest fires', as set out in Annex I. [::3] The collection of such a set of information may be confined to high and medium-risk areas ...


Regulation (EU) No 377/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 April 2014 establishing the Copernicus Programme and repealing Regulation (EU) No 911/2010 Text with EEA relevance

Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 57, No. L 122. (24 April 2014), pp. 44-66


[Excerpt] [\n] [...] [:Article 1: Subject matter] This Regulation establishes Copernicus, the Union Earth observation and monitoring programme, (Copernicus), and lays down the rules for its implementation. [:Article 2: Scope] 1. Copernicus is a civil, user driven programme under civil control, building on the existing national and European capacities, as well as ensuring continuity with the activities achieved under the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security. [\n] 2. Copernicus consists of the following components: [::(a)] a service component ensuring delivery of information in the following ...


Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety

Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 45, No. L 31. (1 February 2002), pp. 1-24


[Excerpt] [\n] [...] [Aim and scope] [::1] This Regulation provides the basis for the assurance of a high level of protection of human health and consumers' interest in relation to food, taking into account in particular the diversity in the supply of food including traditional products, whilst ensuring the effective functioning of the internal market. It establishes common principles and responsibilities, the means to provide a strong science base, efficient organisational arrangements and procedures to underpin decision-making in matters of food and feed safety. [::2] ...


Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - An EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change

No. COM(2013) 216 final. (16 April 2013)


[Excerpt] [\n] [...] [Introduction: dealing with a changing climate] The consequences of climate change are increasingly being felt in Europe and worldwide. The average global temperature, currently around 0.8°C above pre-industrial levels, continues to rise[1]. Some natural processes are being altered, precipitation patterns are changing, glaciers are melting, sea levels are rising. [\n] To avoid the most serious risks of climate change and in particular large-scale irreversible impacts, global warming must be limited to below 2ºC above pre-industrial level. Climate change mitigation must therefore remain ...


Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council and the Committee of the Regions - Strengthening EU Disaster Management: rescEU Solidarity with Responsibility Solidarity with Responsibility

No. COM(2017) 773 final. (23 November 2017)


[Excerpt] [\n] [...] [Introduction] Europe is increasingly facing the dramatic impacts of intense and unpredictable extreme weather events and earthquakes with ensuing loss of life, destruction of property and cultural heritage. This has had a tragic cost on lives and livelihoods. The nations of Europe decided to build the European Union (EU) to promote their common good and to face adversities together, each becoming stronger through unity and solidarity. A Europe that protects is one that has the means to respond in a decisive ...


Proposal for a DECISION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL amending Decision No 1313/2013/EU on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism

No. COM(2017) 772 final. (23 November 2017)


[Excerpt] [\n] [...] [Reasons for and objectives of the proposal] The proposal is intended to introduce some targeted changes to Council Decision No 1313/2013/EU (‘the Decision’) on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism (‘Union Mechanism’), under which the European Union supports, coordinates and supplements the action of Member States in the field of civil protection to prevent, prepare for and respond to natural and man-made disasters within and outside the Union. Building on the principles of solidarity and shared responsibility, the overall objective of ...


Legal definition of forest into Italian law

L'Italia forestale e montana, Vol. 69, No. 1. (2014), pp. 37-45,


This article explains, in a clear and systematic way,the legal definition of forest in the Italian law system. After a brief historical analysis, the Author examines the definition of forest given by the state legislature with Article 2 of Legislative Decree May 18, 2001,n. 227, as amended by Article 26 of the Law n. 35, 4 April 2012, and compares it with some forest definitions in Regional laws. The concept of forest is discussed in relation to a brief review of ...


Comparison of forest definitions at the national level using dominance analysis

Forest@ - Rivista di Selvicoltura ed Ecologia Forestale, Vol. 11, No. 2. (29 April 2014), pp. 86-102,


Comparison of forest definitions at the national level using dominance analysis. Despite Italian forests are subject of protection since long time, the first forest definition legally binding has been enacted only in 2001. However, thanks to the action of international, national and regional institutions, 25 forest definitions are effective today on the Italian territory. All definitions of forest are fully described and their qualification analyzed using four definition types: legislation, policies, technical and allocative. Only those that are included in the ...


Legal threat exposes gaps in climate-change planning

Nature, Vol. 548, No. 7669. (29 August 2017), pp. 508-509,


Australian lawsuit highlights how difficult it is to turn global warming data into useful advice. [Excerpt] [...] Climate scientist Andy Pitman at the Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science in Sydney, Australia, says that researchers have been warning companies and governments for years about the need to invest in climate modelling and the related field of climate services, which provides forecasts and other information to public and private users. [...] To be useful, he says, the forecasts would need to be ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 22

(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   larix-gmelinii   larix-kaempferi   larix-leptolepis   larix-lyallii   larix-marschlinsii   larix-occidentalis   larix-olgensis   larix-sibirica   larix-spp   last-glacial-maximum   last-interglacial   late-mesolithic   late-quaternary   latex   lathyrus-aureus   latitude   latvia   laurocerasus-officinalis   laurus-azorica   laurus-nobilis   laurus-spp   layer   leaf   leaf-analysis   leaf-area   leaf-area-index   leaf-dry-weight   leaf-growth   leaf-litter-processing   leaf-respiration   leaf-senescence   leaf-thickness   leaf-traits   learning   learning-strategies   lecanosticta-acicola   lecointea-amazonica   legal-issues   legislation   lepidoptera   lepomis-gibbosus   leptinotarsa-decemlineata   leptographium-spp   lepus-americanus   leucaena-leucocephala   leucoma-salicis   lexicographic-ranking   liberia   library   license   license--agpl-v1   license--cc-by-2-0   license--cc-by-3-0   license--cc-by-4-0   license--cc0-1-0   license--cecill-v2   license--gnu-agpl-v3   license--gnu-agpl-v3orlater   license--gnu-gpl-v1   license--gnu-gpl-v1orlater   license--gnu-gpl-v2   license--gnu-gpl-v2orlater   license--gnu-gpl-v3   license--gnu-gpl-v3orlater   license--open-government-licence-v3   license--public-domain   license-gnu-gpl   licensing   lichens   lidar   life-science   light-availability   light-response   lightning   lignification   lignin   ligustrum-spp   ligustrum-vulgare   limited-flexibility-ecosystem   limiting-factor   lines-of-code   linnaea-borealis   linux   linux-kernel   liquidambar-orientalis   liquidambar-styraciflua   liriodendron-spp   liriodendron-tulipifera   liriomyza-bryoniae   list   literacy   literate-programming   lithocarpus-densiflorus   lithocarpus-glaber   lithocarpus-spp   lithuania   litter   live-fuel-moisture-content   livestock  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Open Government Licence for public sector information

Information management In Re-using public sector information (2015)


[Excerpt] You are encouraged to use and re-use the Information that is available under this licence freely and flexibly, with only a few conditions. [::Using Information under this licence] Use of copyright and database right material expressly made available under this licence (the 'Information') indicates your acceptance of the terms and conditions below. [\n] The Licensor grants you a worldwide, royalty-free, perpetual, non-exclusive licence to use the Information subject to the conditions below. [\n] This licence does not affect your freedom under fair dealing or ...





[Excerpt] You may use and re-use the information featured on this website (not including logos or images) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence. [\n] When you use this information under this licence, you must include the following attribution: Crown Copyright, courtesy Forestry Commission (date of publication), licensed under the Open Government Licence. [\n] This permission does not extend to any material on this site identified as being the copyright of a third party. ...


License compatibility and relicensing

In Licenses (2016)


If you want to combine two free programs into one, or merge code from one into the other, this raises the question of whether their licenses allow combining them. [\n] There is no problem merging programs that have the same license, if it is a reasonably behaved license, as nearly all free licenses are.(*) [\n] What then when the licenses are different? In general we say that several licenses are compatible if there is a way to merge code under those various licenses ...


Licences named authority lists

(October 2015)


[Excerpt] This table provides the European Commission Reuse Notice and a list of standard licences available internationally [Codes and concepts] [::Authority code] [::Status] current|deprecated [::Acronym] more specific than the authority code [::Label] full name of the licence [::Date of event] [::Description] [::] Date of description [::] Description [::] Provenance [::Predecessor] an authority code [::Successor] an authority code ...


Legal notices and copyright

(March 2015)


[Excerpt] In general terms, all works such as publications or documents issued by the European Union institutions and bodies, irrespective of the medium, are subject to copyright, whether or not this is explicitly stated, except for works excluded from copyright protection by the relevant applicable law because they do not meet the legal requirements for protection or even if they do, they are subject to legal exceptions. The Internet increasing the potential audience of works displayed online and disseminated through the European ...


Copyright notice

(December 2015)


[Excerpt] A general copyright notice is included in the "Legal notice" service which defines the limits of responsibility and draws attention to the copyright restrictions of EUROPA. It is a legal requirement to display it at the top of every page. [Copyright notice for European Commission websites] [\n] © European Union, 1995-2013 [\n] Reuse is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged. The reuse policy of the European Commission is implemented by a Decision of 12 December 2011pdf. [\n] The general principle of reuse can be subject ...


Hardware designs should be free - Here's how to do it

WIRED, Vol. 2015 (18 March 2015)


We must design free hardware. But the question remains: how? [\n] First, we must understand why we can’t make hardware free the same way we make software free. Hardware and software are fundamentally different. A program, even in compiled executable form, is a collection of data which can be interpreted as instruction for a computer. Like any other digital work, it can be copied and changed using a computer. A copy of a program has no inherent physical form or embodiment. [\n] By ...


Various licenses and comments about them



[Excerpt] We classify a license according to certain key criteria: Whether it qualifies as a free software license. Whether it is a copyleft license. Whether it is compatible with the GNU GPL. Unless otherwise specified, compatible licenses are compatible with both GPLv2 and GPLv3. Whether it causes any particular practical problems. We try to list the most commonly encountered free software license on this page, but cannot list them all; ...


Privacy, big data, and the public good: frameworks for engagement



Massive amounts of new data on human beings can now be accessed and analyzed. Much has been made of the many uses of such data for pragmatic purposes, including selling goods and services, winning political campaigns, and identifying possible terrorists. Yet “big data” can also be harnessed to serve the public good: scientists can use new forms of data to do research that improves the lives of human beings, federal, state and local governments can use data to improve services ...


Normative Principles for Evaluating Free and Proprietary Software

The University of Chicago Law Review, Vol. 71, No. 1. (13 April 2004), pp. 265-287


The production of most mass-market software can be grouped roughly according to free and proprietary development models. These models differ greatly from one another, and their associated licenses tend to insist that new software inherit the characteristics of older software from which it may be derived. Thus the success of one model or another can become self-perpetuating, as older free software is incorporated into later free software and proprietary software is embedded within successive proprietary versions. The competition between the ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

Publication metadata

Bibtex, RIS, RSS/XML feed, Json, Dublin Core

Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
Search only within the INRMM-MiD publication records:
Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.