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Selection: with tag lapse-rate [6 articles] 


Gradientes de temperaturas en la montaña española - Surface temperature lapse rates on the spanish mountains

In Riscos associados a Fenómenos Meteorológicos e Geofisicos - 10º Simpósio de Meteorologia e Geofisica da APMG - 18º Encontro Luso-Espanhol de Meteorologia (2017)


[Abstract] A realistic estimation of how surface temperatures vary with elevation is important for climatic, hydrological and ecosystem studies. A fixed lapse rate of 6.5ºC/1.000 meters is generally assumed for the whole conditions and locations, but surface temperature lapse rates vary in space and time due to wind, relative humidity or local topography. In this paper we present an approximation lapse rates estimated in the main Spanish mountains using the database from the Spanish Meteorological Council (AEMET) weather stations network. The results ...


Temperature lapse rate in complex mountain terrain on the southern slope of the central Himalayas

Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 113, No. 3-4. (2013), pp. 671-682,


This study presents the first results of monthly, seasonal and annual characteristics of temperature lapse rate on the southern slope of the central Himalayas, based on 20 years record of surface air temperature at 56 stations in Nepal. These stations are located at a range of elevations between 72 and 3,920 m above sea level. It is proven that the lapse rate can be calculated with a linear regression model. The annual cycle of temperature lapse rate exhibits a bi-modal pattern: ...


Spatial and seasonal variations of air temperature lapse rates in Alpine regions

Journal of Climate, Vol. 16, No. 7. (1 April 2003), pp. 1032-1046,<1032:sasvoa>;2


Air temperature decrease with altitude was estimated by simple linear regression for several regions around northern Italy for minimum, maximum, and mean monthly temperatures. The comparison of the gradients with previous works revealed the absence of a lapse rate seasonal pattern in most earlier studies. Such inconsistencies in other analyses were demonstrated to be largely due to insufficient climatic stations in each area, and incomplete temporal coverage. These problems were solved here by using 269 stations in northern Italy, 205 in ...


Simultaneous estimation of daily solar radiation and humidity from observed temperature and precipitation: an application over complex terrain in Austria

Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 104, No. 4. (15 September 2000), pp. 255-271,


Using daily observations of temperature, precipitation, radiation, and humidity from 24 stations spanning a large elevation gradient in Austria, we tested several previously defined algorithms for estimating daily radiation and humidity. The estimation algorithms were first tested independently, and then combined, resulting in a combined algorithm for estimating both radiation and humidity that relies only on temperature and precipitation inputs. Mean absolute errors (MAE) for joint radiation and humidity estimates were 2.52 MJ m −2 per day and 85.6 Pa, respectively, close to values ...


Modeling monthly near-surface air temperature from solar radiation and lapse rate: application over complex terrain in Yellowstone national park

Physical Geography, Vol. 29, No. 2. (1 March 2008), pp. 158-178,


Spatially distributed surface temperature over complex topography is important to many ecological processes, but it varies spatially and temporally in complex ways and is difficult to measure at landscape scales at tens of meters resolution. Our goal is to develop a methodology that accurately predicts surface temperature in mountain ecosystems. First, we modeled monthly incoming solar radiation (insolation) based on topography and observed variation in atmospheric conditions, and accounting for site latitude, elevation, and surface orientation (slope and aspect), daily and ...


A geometric solar radiation model with applications in agriculture and forestry

Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, Vol. 37, No. 1-3. (December 2002), pp. 25-35,


Incoming solar radiation (insolation) is fundamental to most physical and biophysical processes because of its role in energy and water balance. We calculated insolation maps from digital elevation models, using an insolation model that accounts for atmospheric conditions, elevation, surface orientation, and influences of surrounding topography. Herein, we focus on the application of this insolation model for spatial interpolation of soil temperature measurements over complex topography at landscape scales. Existing interpolation techniques generally apply only at continental or broad regional scales ...

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