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Selection: with tag knowledge-freedom [113 articles] 

 

Do not publish

  
Science, Vol. 356, No. 6340. (25 May 2017), pp. 800-801, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aan1362

Abstract

Biologists have long valued publishing detailed information on rare and endangered species. Until relatively recently, much of this information was accessible only through accessing specialized scientific journals in university libraries. However, much of these data have been transferred online with the advent of digital platforms and a rapid push to open-access publication. Information is increasingly also available online in public reports and wildlife atlases, and research published behind paywalls can often be found in the public domain. Increased data and information ...

 

Robots and free software

  
In A World with Robots, Vol. 84 (2017), pp. 63-76, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-46667-5_5

Abstract

This article examines whether the arguments put forward by Free Software advocates in the context of computers also apply for robots. It summarises their key arguments and explores whether or not they appear transferable to robot cases. Doing so, it comes to the conclusion that, in the majority of cases, the reasons that may make the use of Free Software over proprietary software preferable in other technologies, equally apply in the case of robots. ...

 

Communication: science censorship is a global issue

  
Nature, Vol. 542, No. 7640. (08 February 2017), pp. 165-165, https://doi.org/10.1038/542165b

Abstract

[Excerpt] [...] Regrettably, suppression of public scientific information is already the norm, or is being attempted, in many countries [...]. We fear that such gagging orders could encourage senior bureaucrats to use funding as a tool with which to rein in academic freedoms. [...] The response of scientists to this type of coercion has been to share scientific information widely and openly using such legal means as social media to defend facts and transparency [...] ...

 

A manifesto for reproducible science

  
Nature Human Behaviour, Vol. 1, No. 1. (10 January 2017), 0021, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-016-0021

Abstract

Improving the reliability and efficiency of scientific research will increase the credibility of the published scientific literature and accelerate discovery. Here we argue for the adoption of measures to optimize key elements of the scientific process: methods, reporting and dissemination, reproducibility, evaluation and incentives. There is some evidence from both simulations and empirical studies supporting the likely effectiveness of these measures, but their broad adoption by researchers, institutions, funders and journals will require iterative evaluation and improvement. We discuss the goals ...

 

Position paper for the endorsement of Free Software and Open Standards in Horizon 2020 and all publicly-funded research

  
In Free Software Foundation Europe (January 2017)

Abstract

The Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE) is a charity that empowers users to control technology by advocating for Free Software. In a digital world, Free Software is the fundament of Open Knowledge, Open Innovation and Open Science. [\n] Software is an integral part of today’s society. Our daily interactions, transactions, education, communication channels, work and life environments rely heavily on software. "Free Software" refers to all programs distributed under terms and licences that allow users to run the software for any purpose, ...

 

When free software isn't (practically) superior

  
GNU Operating System (2011)

Abstract

[Excerpt] The Open Source Initiative's mission statement reads, “Open source is a development method for software that harnesses the power of distributed peer review and transparency of process. The promise of open source is better quality, higher reliability, more flexibility, lower cost, and an end to predatory vendor lock-in.” [\n] For more than a decade now, the Free Software Foundation has argued against this “open source” characterization of the free software movement. Free software advocates have primarily argued against this framing because ...

 

Copyright contradictions in scholarly publishing

  
First Monday, Vol. 7, No. 11. (04 November 2002), 1006, https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v7i11.1006

Abstract

This paper examines contradictions in how copyright works with the publishing of scholarly journals. These contradictions have to do with the protection of the authors’ interest and have become apparent with the rise of open access publishing as an alternative to the traditional commercial model of selling journal subscriptions. Authors may well be better served, as may the public which supports research, by open access journals because of its wider readership and early indications of greater scholarly impact. This paper reviews ...

 

Why policy needs philosophers as much as it needs science

  
The Guardian, Vol. 2016, No. October, 13. (2016), 57b3q

Abstract

[Excerpt] In a widely-discussed recent essay for the New Atlantis, the policy scholar Daniel Sarewitz argues that science is in deep trouble. While modern research remains wondrously productive, its results are more ambiguous, contestable and dubious than ever before. This problem isn’t caused by a lack of funding or of scientific rigour. Rather, Sarewitz argues that we need to let go of a longstanding and cherished cultural belief – that science consists of uniquely objective knowledge that can put an end to ...

 

ePiX tutorial and reference manual

  
(2008)

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] ePiX, a collection of batch utilities, creates mathematically accurate figures, plots, and animations containing LATEX typography. The input syntax is easy to learn, and the user interface resembles that of LATEX itself: You prepare a scene description in a text editor, then “compile” the input file into a picture. LATEX- and web-compatible output types include a LATEX picture-like environment written with PSTricks, tikz, or eepic macros; vector images (eps, ps, and pdf); and bitmapped images and movies (png, mng, and gif). [\n] ePiX’s strengths include: [::] Quality of ...

 

The FAIR Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship

  
Scientific Data, Vol. 3 (15 March 2016), sdata201618, https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2016.18

Abstract

There is an urgent need to improve the infrastructure supporting the reuse of scholarly data. A diverse set of stakeholders—representing academia, industry, funding agencies, and scholarly publishers—have come together to design and jointly endorse a concise and measureable set of principles that we refer to as the FAIR Data Principles. The intent is that these may act as a guideline for those wishing to enhance the reusability of their data holdings. Distinct from peer initiatives that focus on the human scholar, ...

 

'We're going backward!'

  
Communication of the ACM, Vol. 59, No. 10. (September 2016), pp. 7-7, https://doi.org/10.1145/2993746

Abstract

[Excerpt] [...] As we move toward the present, the media of our expression seems to have decreasing longevity. Of course, newer media have not been around as long as the older ones so their longevity has not been demonstrated but I think it is arguable that the more recent media do not have the resilience of stone or baked clay. Modern photographs may not last more than 150–200 years before they fade or disintegrate. Modern books, unless archival paper is used, ...

 

Disciplinary action

  
Nature, Vol. 495, No. 7442. (27 March 2013), pp. 409-410, https://doi.org/10.1038/495409b

Abstract

How scientists share and reuse information is driven by technology but shaped by discipline. [Excerpt] [\n] [...] The transformation of research publishing is less a revolution and more a war of attrition. Battle lines were drawn long ago and all sides are well dug-in. In 2001, this journal published a series of viewpoints on the future of ‘e-access to the primary literature’ (see go.nature.com/pezj84). Those attitudes seem strikingly familiar today. At the time, the founders of the Public Library of Science initiative (then PLS, ...

 

License: CeCILLv2

  
In Free Software Directory (2015), 7028

Abstract

[Excerpt] [::Name] CeCILLv2 [::URL] http://www.cecill.info/licences/Licence_CeCILL_V2-en.txt [Excerpt from the license text] [Preamble] The purpose of this Free Software license agreement is to grant users the right to modify and redistribute the software governed by this license within the framework of an open source distribution model. [\n] The exercising of these rights is conditional upon certain obligations for users so as to preserve this status for all subsequent redistributions. [\n] In consideration of access to the source code and the rights to copy, modify and redistribute granted by the ...

 

License: AGPLv3

  
In Free Software Directory (2015), 8704

Abstract

[Excerpt] [::Name] GNU Affero General Public License Version 3 [::URL] http://www.gnu.org/licenses/agpl.html [Excerpt from the license text] The GNU Affero General Public License is a free, copyleft license for software and other kinds of works, specifically designed to ensure cooperation with the community in the case of network server software. [\n] The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed to take away your freedom to share and change the works. By contrast, our General Public Licenses are intended to guarantee your freedom ...

 

License: AGPLv3orlater

  
In Free Software Directory (2015), 7025

Abstract

[Excerpt] [::Name] GNU Affero General Public License Version 3 or later [::URL] http://www.gnu.org/licenses/agpl.html [Excerpt from the license text] The GNU Affero General Public License is a free, copyleft license for software and other kinds of works, specifically designed to ensure cooperation with the community in the case of network server software. [\n] The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed to take away your freedom to share and change the works. By contrast, our General Public Licenses are intended to guarantee your ...

 

License: AGPLv1

  
In Free Software Directory (2015), 8763

Abstract

[Excerpt] [::Name] Affero General Public License version 1 [::URL] http://www.affero.org/oagpl.html [Excerpt from the license text] Note: The GNU Affero General Public License version 3 has been released. It follows the same basic structure as this license, but it is based on version 3 of the GNU GPL, and you can combine modules released under GPLv3 and the GNU AGPLv3. If you were thinking about releasing your software under this license, we recommend you use the GNU AGPLv3 instead. [\n] Additionally, ...

 

License: GPLv1

  
In Free Software Directory (2015), 6986

Abstract

[Excerpt] [::Name] GPLv1 [::URL] http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-1.0.html [Excerpt from the license text] [Preamble] The license agreements of most software companies try to keep users at the mercy of those companies. By contrast, our General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. The General Public License applies to the Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. You can use it for your programs, too. [\n] When we speak ...

 

License: GPLv1orlater

  
In Free Software Directory (2015), 6946

Abstract

[Excerpt] [::Name] GPLv1orlater [::URL] http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-1.0.html [Excerpt from the license text] [Preamble] The license agreements of most software companies try to keep users at the mercy of those companies. By contrast, our General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. The General Public License applies to the Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. You can use it for your programs, too. [\n] When we speak ...

 

License: GPLv2

  
In Free Software Directory (2015), 6937

Abstract

[Excerpt] [::Name] GPLv2 [::URL] http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.html [Excerpt from the license text] [Preamble] The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. This General Public License applies to most of the Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation software ...

 

License: GPLv2orlater

  
In Free Software Directory (2015), 6940

Abstract

[Excerpt] [::Name] GPLv2 or later [::URL] http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.html [Excerpt from the license text] [Preamble] The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. This General Public License applies to most of the Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. (Some other Free ...

 

License: GPLv3

  
In Free Software Directory (2015), 6971

Abstract

[Excerpt] [::Name] GPLv3 [::URL] http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-3.0.html [Excerpt from the license text] [Preamble] The GNU General Public License is a free, copyleft license for software and other kinds of works. [\n] The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed to take away your freedom to share and change the works. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change all versions of a program--to make sure it remains free software for all its users. We, the Free Software ...

 

License: GPLv3orlater

  
In Free Software Directory (2015), 6953

Abstract

[Excerpt] [::Name] GPLv3 or later [::URL] http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-3.0.html [Excerpt from the license text] [Preamble] The GNU General Public License is a free, copyleft license for software and other kinds of works. [\n] The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed to take away your freedom to share and change the works. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change all versions of a program--to make sure it remains free software for all its users. We, ...

 

Updated source code for calculating fire danger indices in the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System

  
Vol. NOR-X-424 (2015)

Abstract

This report presents updated versions of the FORTRAN 77 program originally published by the Canadian Forest Service in 1985 and used to calculate the Canadian forest fire weather indices from daily weather observations. The updated program is presented here in FORTRAN 95, C, C++, Python, Java and SAS/IML programming languages to meet the needs of various users. The updated versions are easier to understand and use than the original source code. The updated source codes were written in a modular programming style, consisting of a main program and ...

References

  1. Canadian Forestry Service. 1984. Tables for the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System. (4th ed.) Environ. Can., Can. For. Serv., Ottawa, ON. For. Tech. Rep. 25. Also available at http://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/pubwarehouse/pdfs/31168.pdf .
  2. Chapman, S. J. 2004. FORTRAN 90/95 for scientists and engineers. McGraw Hill Higher Education, Toronto, ON. Also available at http://www.mhhe.com/engcs/general/chapman/index.mhtml .
  3. De Groot, W.J.; Field, R.D.; Brady, M.A.; Roswintiarti, O.; Mohamad, M. 2006. Development of the
 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 18

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   intsia-palembanica   invariance   invasion   invasive-pathogens   invasive-plant   invasive-species   inventories   invertebrates   invisible-hand-myth   ipcc   ipcc-scenarios   ipcc-tier-1   ips-acuminatus   ips-cembrae   ips-confusus   ips-duplicatus   ips-paraconfusus   ips-pini   ips-sexdentatus   ips-spp   ips-subelongatus   ips-typographus   iran   iraq   ireland   iron   irreversibility   irvingia-gabonensis   islands   iso   isochrone   isoenzyme   isolation   isolation-by-distance   isolation-frequency   isoprene   isozyme-analysis   isozyme-variation   isozymes   israel   italian-alps   italy   iucn   iucn-critically-endangered-cr   iucn-data-deficient-dd   iucn-endangered-en   iucn-extinct-in-the-wild-ew   iucn-least-concern-lc   iucn-lower-risk-least-concern-lrlc   iucn-lower-risk-near-threatened-lrnt   iucn-near-threatened-nt   iucn-vulnerable-vu   iverson-bracket   janus-abbreviatus   japan   jatropha-curcas   joint-research-centre   journal-ranking   jrc   jubaea-chilensis   juglans-jamaicensis   juglans-mandshurica   juglans-nigra   juglans-regia   juglans-spp   juniper-wood   juniperus-californica   juniperus-cedrus   juniperus-communis   juniperus-deppeana   juniperus-drupacea   juniperus-excelsa   juniperus-foetidissima   juniperus-monosperma   juniperus-occidentalis   juniperus-osteosperma   juniperus-oxycedrus   juniperus-phoenicea   juniperus-rigida   juniperus-silicicola   juniperus-spp   juniperus-thurifera   kalmia-latifolia   kalopanax-septemlobus   kappa   kazdaglari   kenya   kk10   knn-distance   knowledge-engineering   knowledge-freedom   knowledge-integration   knowledge-management   kolkwitzia-amabilis   koompassia-excelsa   kosovo   la-nina   laburnum-alpinum   laburnum-anagyroides  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

CC0 FAQ

  
In About CC0 - “No Rights Reserved” (2013)

Abstract

[Excerpt] These FAQs contain information that you should familiarize yourself with before using CC0. The information provided below is not exhaustive – it may not cover important issues that may affect you. [\n] The FAQs are intended to supplement, not replace, our existing FAQs. You are encouraged to review those FAQs as well as our list of issues to consider before using CC0 or any of our other legal tools or licenses. You should also read the CC0 legal code carefully and ...

 

License compatibility and relicensing

  
In Licenses (2016)

Abstract

If you want to combine two free programs into one, or merge code from one into the other, this raises the question of whether their licenses allow combining them. [\n] There is no problem merging programs that have the same license, if it is a reasonably behaved license, as nearly all free licenses are.(*) [\n] What then when the licenses are different? In general we say that several licenses are compatible if there is a way to merge code under those various licenses ...

 

Brain and Behavior: we want you to share your data

  
Brain and Behavior, Vol. 4, No. 1. (January 2014), pp. 1-3, https://doi.org/10.1002/brb3.192

Abstract

We at Brain and Behavior are happy, for one, that data sharing is now here. [Excerpt] [...] Many reasons are given as to why we cannot, do not, or should not make data available (e.g., Strasser 2013; Wallis et al. 2013), but I think that the main reason we do not routinely share data is that, until recently, we could not. And because we could not, a system of scholarly communication grew where data were disposable. Literally. Eventually, the boxes piled upon ...

 

Wikipedians reach out to academics

  

Abstract

London conference discusses efforts by the online encyclopaedia to enlist the help of scientists. [Excerpt] Wikipedia is among the most frequently visited websites in the world, and one of the most popular places to tap into the world’s scientific and medical information. But scientists themselves are generally wary of it, because it can be edited by anyone, regardless of their level of expertise. At a meeting in London last week, the non-profit website’s volunteer editors reached out to scientists to enlist their help ...

 

Wikipedia ranking of world universities

  
(29 Nov 2015)

Abstract

We use the directed networks between articles of 24 Wikipedia language editions for producing the Wikipedia Ranking of World Universities (WRWU) using PageRank, 2DRank and CheiRank algorithms. This approach allows to incorporate various cultural views on world universities using the mathematical statistical analysis independent of cultural preferences. The Wikipedia ranking of top 100 universities provides about 60 percent overlap with the Shanghai university ranking demonstrating the reliable features of this approach. At the same time WRWU incorporates all knowledge accumulated at 24 Wikipedia editions giving stronger highlights for historically ...

 

About the licenses

  
(2015)

Abstract

[Excerpt] [::What our licenses do] The Creative Commons copyright licenses and tools forge a balance inside the traditional “all rights reserved” setting that copyright law creates. Our tools give everyone from individual creators to large companies and institutions a simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions to their creative work. The combination of our tools and our users is a vast and growing digital commons, a pool of content that can be copied, distributed, edited, remixed, and built upon, all within the boundaries ...

 

Licences named authority lists

  
(October 2015)

Abstract

[Excerpt] This table provides the European Commission Reuse Notice and a list of standard licences available internationally [Codes and concepts] [::Authority code] [::Status] current|deprecated [::Acronym] more specific than the authority code [::Label] full name of the licence [::Date of event] [::Description] [::] Date of description [::] Description [::] Provenance [::Predecessor] an authority code [::Successor] an authority code ...

 

Legal notices and copyright

  
(March 2015)

Abstract

[Excerpt] In general terms, all works such as publications or documents issued by the European Union institutions and bodies, irrespective of the medium, are subject to copyright, whether or not this is explicitly stated, except for works excluded from copyright protection by the relevant applicable law because they do not meet the legal requirements for protection or even if they do, they are subject to legal exceptions. The Internet increasing the potential audience of works displayed online and disseminated through the European ...

 

Copyright notice

  
(December 2015)

Abstract

[Excerpt] A general copyright notice is included in the "Legal notice" service which defines the limits of responsibility and draws attention to the copyright restrictions of EUROPA. It is a legal requirement to display it at the top of every page. [Copyright notice for European Commission websites] [\n] © European Union, 1995-2013 [\n] Reuse is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged. The reuse policy of the European Commission is implemented by a Decision of 12 December 2011pdf. [\n] The general principle of reuse can be subject ...

 

CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication

  
In About CC0 - “No Rights Reserved” (2015)

Abstract

[Excerpt] This is a human-readable summary of the Legal Code (read the full text). [::Disclaimer] The Commons Deed is not a legal instrument. It is simply a handy reference for understanding the CC0 Legal Code, a human-readable expression of some of its key terms. Think of it as the user-friendly interface to the CC0 Legal Code beneath. This Deed itself has no legal value, and its contents do not appear in CC0. [\n] Creative Commons is not a law firm and does not provide ...

 

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

  
In About the licenses (2015)

Abstract

[Excerpt] This is a human-readable summary of (and not a substitute for) the license. [::Disclaimer] This deed highlights only some of the key features and terms of the actual license. It is not a license and has no legal value. You should carefully review all of the terms and conditions of the actual license before using the licensed material. [\n] Creative Commons is not a law firm and does not provide legal services. Distributing, displaying, or linking to this deed or the license that ...

 

Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0)

  
In About the licenses (2015)

Abstract

[Excerpt] This is a human-readable summary of (and not a substitute for) the license. [::Disclaimer] This deed highlights only some of the key features and terms of the actual license. It is not a license and has no legal value. You should carefully review all of the terms and conditions of the actual license before using the licensed material. [\n] Creative Commons is not a law firm and does not provide legal services. Distributing, displaying, or linking to this deed or the license that ...

 

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)

  
In About the licenses (2015)

Abstract

[Excerpt] This is a human-readable summary of (and not a substitute for) the license. [::Disclaimer] This deed highlights only some of the key features and terms of the actual license. It is not a license and has no legal value. You should carefully review all of the terms and conditions of the actual license before using the licensed material. [\n] Creative Commons is not a law firm and does not provide legal services. Distributing, displaying, or linking to this deed or the license that ...

 

License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0

  
In Free Software Directory (2012), 7034

Abstract

[Excerpt] [::Name] Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 [::URL] https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/legalcode [Excerpt from the license text] The work (as defined below) is provided under the terms of this creative commons public license ("CCPL" or "license"). The work is protected by copyright and/or other applicable law. Any use of the work other than as authorized under this license or copyright law is prohibited. By exercising any rights to the work provided here, you accept and agree to be bound by the terms of this license. To the extent this ...

 

License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0

  
In Free Software Directory (2015), 7031

Abstract

[Excerpt] [::Name] Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 [::URL] https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/legalcode [Excerpt from the license text] The work (as defined below) is provided under the terms of this creative commons public license ("CCPL" or "license"). The work is protected by copyright and/or other applicable law. Any use of the work other than as authorized under this license or copyright law is prohibited. By exercising any rights to the work provided here, you accept and agree to be bound by the terms of this license. The licensor grants ...

 

License: Creative Commons CC0 1.0

  
In Free Software Directory (2015), 8722

Abstract

[Excerpt] License:CC0 [::Name] Creative Commons CC0 [::URL] https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/legalcode [Excerpt from the license text] [::Statement of Purpose] The laws of most jurisdictions throughout the world automatically confer exclusive Copyright and Related Rights (defined below) upon the creator and subsequent owner(s) (each and all, an "owner") of an original work of authorship and/or a database (each, a "Work"). [\n] Certain owners wish to permanently relinquish those rights to a Work for the purpose of contributing to a commons of creative, cultural and scientific works ("Commons") that the public can reliably and without fear of later ...

 

License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0

  
In Free Software Directory (2015), 12289

Abstract

[Excerpt] [::Name] Creative Commons BY 4.0 [::URL] https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode [Excerpt from the license text] [::Summary] https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ [::Legal Code]https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode [\n] [...] [::Using Creative Commons Public Licenses] Creative Commons public licenses provide a standard set of terms and conditions that creators and other rights holders may use to share original works of authorship and other material subject to copyright and certain other rights specified in the public license below. The following considerations are for informational purposes only, are not exhaustive, and do not form part of our licenses. [::Considerations for licensors] Our public licenses ...

 

License: Public Domain

  
In Free Software Directory (2012), 6958

Abstract

Being in the public domain is not a license; rather, it means the material is not copyrighted and no license is needed. Practically speaking, though, if a work is in the public domain, it might as well have an all-permissive non-copyleft free software license. Public domain material is compatible with the GNU GPL. ...

 

Commission Notice - Guidelines on recommended standard licences, datasets and charging for the reuse of documents 2014/C 240/01

  
Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 57, No. C 240. (24 July 2014), pp. 1-10

Abstract

[Excerpt] [:1. Purpose of the notice] Opening up public sector information (PSI) for re-use brings major socioeconomic benefits. Data generated by the public sector can be used as raw material for innovative value-added services and products which boost the economy by creating new jobs and encouraging investment in data-driven sectors. They also play a role in increasing government accountability and transparency. These benefits have recently been recognised by the G8 leaders and enshrined in an Open Data Charter (1). [\n] Yet, studies conducted on ...

 

Commission Decision of 12 December 2011 on the reuse of Commission documents (2011/833/EU)

  
Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 54, No. L 330. (12 December 2011), pp. 39-42

Abstract

[Excerpt] [...] [:Article 1] [::Subject matter] This Decision determines the conditions for the reuse of documents held by the Commission or on its behalf by the Publications Office of the European Union (the Publications Office) with the aim of facilitating a wider reuse of information, enhancing the image of openness of the Commission, and avoiding unnecessary administrative burdens for reusers and the Commission services alike. [:Article 2] [::Scope] [::1] This Decision applies to public documents produced by the Commission or by public and private entities ...

 

Commission Proposal for a Council Regulation (EEC) establishing a European Forestry Information and Communication System (EFICS)

  
Official Journal of the European Communities, Vol. 31, No. C 312. (7 December 1988), pp. 1-16
 

A new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and the forest-based sector

  
COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION (20 September 2013), pp. 1-17

Abstract

Forests and other wooded land cover over 40 % of the EU’s land area, with a great diversity of character across regions. Afforestation and natural succession have increased the EU’s forest area by around 0.4 % per year over recent decades. Globally, however, forest area continues to decrease. Currently in the EU, only 60-70 % of the annual increment is being cut, therefore the growing stock of wood is rising. However, according to Member States’ projections under Land Use, Land-Use Change ...

 

Regulation (EC) No 2152/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 November 2003 concerning monitoring of forests and environmental interactions in the Community (Forest Focus)

  
Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 46, No. L 324. (11 December 2003), pp. 1-8

Abstract

[Excerpt] [...] [:Article 1] [::1] A Community scheme for broad-based, harmonised and comprehensive, long-term monitoring of the condition of forests, (hereinafter referred to as "the scheme") is hereby established to: [\n] (a) continue and further develop: [::] monitoring of air pollution and air pollution effects and of other agents and factors that have an impact on forests, such as biotic and abiotic factors and factors of anthropogenic origin, [::] monitoring of forest fires and their causes and effects, [::] forest fire prevention; [\n] (b) assess the requirements for ...

 

Council Regulation (EEC) No 2158/92 of 23 July 1992 on protection of the Community's forests against fire

  
Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 35, No. L 217. (July 1992), pp. 3-7

Abstract

In order to provide increased protection for forests and in particular to step up efforts undertaken to main tain and monitor forest ecosystems and to safeguard the various functions which forests fulfil for the benefit of rural areas, a Community scheme for the protection of forests against fire, hereinafter referred to as 'the scheme', is hereby instituted . ...

 

Council Regulation (EEC) No 3528/86 of 17 November 1986 on the protection of the Community's forests against atmospheric pollution

  
Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 29, No. L 326. (November 1986), pp. 2-4

Abstract

[...] [Article 1] A Community scheme is hereby established to protect forests against atmospheric pollution, hereinafter referred to as 'scheme', in order to provide increased protection for forests in the Community and thereby contribute in particular to safeguarding the productive potential of agriculture. [Article 2] [\n]1. The aim of the scheme shall be to help Member States to: [\n]- establish on the basis of common methods a periodic inventory of damage caused to forests, in particular by atmospheric pollution, [\n]- establish or extend, in a co-ordinated and ...

 

Funders must encourage scientists to share

  
Nature, Vol. 522, No. 7555. (11 June 2015), pp. 129-129, https://doi.org/10.1038/522129a

Abstract

To realize the full potential of large data sets, researchers must agree on better ways to pass data around, says Martin Bobrow. [Excerpt] How can we make best use of the vast amounts of data on genomics, epidemiology and population-level health being collected by researchers? Maximizing the benefits depends on how well we as a scientific community share information. [...] [\n] Both those who generate data and those who want to use them expressed frustration at the way that data-access processes are ...

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