From MFKP_wiki

Jump to: navigation, search

Selection: with tag invasive-species [98 articles] 

 

Tamm Review - Shifting global fire regimes: lessons from reburns and research needs

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 396 (July 2017), pp. 217-233, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2017.03.035

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] We reviewed published studies on reburns in fire-adapted ecosystems of the world. [::] Fire regimes often have shifted from frequent to infrequent fire return intervals. [::] Legacies of past burns constrain the spread and severity of future fires. [::] Periodic fire generally favors fire-adapted vegetation and limits closed forests. [::] Better understanding of reburns informs climate change adaptation methods. [Abstract] Across the globe, rising temperatures and altered precipitation patterns have caused persistent regional droughts, lengthened fire seasons, and increased the number of weather-driven extreme fire events. ...

 

Trees and shrubs as invasive alien species - 2013 update of the global database

  
Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 19, No. 8. (August 2013), pp. 1093-1094, https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12075

Abstract

The global database of invasive trees and shrubs (Richardson & Rejmánek, 2011; Diversity Distrib. 17, 788-809) has been updated, resulting in a total of 751 species (434 trees and 317 shrubs) from 90 families. Ten originally listed species were deleted (synonyms, inconclusive identification, etc.) and 139 additional invasive species (86 trees and 53 shrubs) are now included in the database. For many species, new records on their adventive distributions are added. The updated database also includes the native ranges for all ...

 

The concept of potential natural vegetation: an epitaph?

  
Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 21, No. 6. (December 2010), pp. 1172-1178, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-1103.2010.01218.x

Abstract

We discuss the usefulness of the concept of Potential Natural Vegetation (PNV), which describes the expected state of mature vegetation in the absence of human intervention. We argue that it is impossible to model PNV because of (i) the methodological problems associated to its definition and (ii) the issues related to the ecosystems dynamics.We conclude that the approach to characterizing PNV is unrealistic and provides scenarios with limited predictive power. In places with a long-term human history, interpretations of PNV need ...

 

Citizen science application - Invasive Alien Species in Europe

  

Abstract

The JRC, within the framework of MYGEOSS initiative devoted to citizen science, has developed an application for Apple and Android smartphone devices called “Invasive Alien Species Europe”, which allows users to report the presence of the 37 species currently listed as Invasive Alien Species (IAS) of Union concern (EU Regulation 1143/2014) on the European territory. User friendly factsheets and pictures guide the user towards the species likely to have been observed. Once validated, data will be fed into the European Alien ...

 

Effects of invasive alien plants on fire regimes

  
BioScience, Vol. 54, No. 7. (2004), pp. 677-688, https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2004)054[0677:eoiapo]2.0.co;2

Abstract

Plant invasions are widely recognized as significant threats to biodiversity conservation worldwide. One way invasions can affect native ecosystems is by changing fuel properties, which can in turn affect fire behavior and, ultimately, alter fire regime characteristics such as frequency, intensity, extent, type, and seasonality of fire. If the regime changes subsequently promote the dominance of the invaders, then an invasive plant–fire regime cycle can be established. As more ecosystem components and interactions are altered, restoration of preinvasion conditions becomes more ...

 

No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide

  
Nature Communications, Vol. 8 (15 February 2017), 14435, https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14435

Abstract

Although research on human-mediated exchanges of species has substantially intensified during the last centuries, we know surprisingly little about temporal dynamics of alien species accumulations across regions and taxa. Using a novel database of 45,813 first records of 16,926 established alien species, we show that the annual rate of first records worldwide has increased during the last 200 years, with 37% of all first records reported most recently (1970–2014). Inter-continental and inter-taxonomic variation can be largely attributed to the diaspora of ...

 

Involve social scientists in defining the Anthropocene

  
Nature, Vol. 540, No. 7632. (7 December 2016), pp. 192-193, https://doi.org/10.1038/540192a

Abstract

The causes of Earth's transition are human and social, write Erle Ellis and colleagues, so scholars from those disciplines must be included in its formalization. ...

 

Introduced or native tree species to maintain forest ecosystem services in a hotter and drier future?

  
In Introduced tree species in European forests: opportunities and challenges (2016), pp. 236-246

Abstract

[Excerpt] Climate change might profoundly alter patterns and processes in forest ecosystems that have consequences on the biogeochemical cycling, biodiversity and productivity (e.g. Lindner et al. 2014). Temperature- and drought-related changes have been identified as important triggers of forest decline and vegetation shifts worldwide (Allen et al. 2010). In Europe, several native tree species such as Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) H. Karst.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) are showing increased sensitivities to recent increases in temperature and extreme droughts resulting ...

References

  1. Allen, C.D., Macalady, A., Chenchouni, H., Bachelet, D., McDowell, N., Vennetier, M., Gonzales, P., Hogg, T., Rigling, A., Breshears, D.D., Fensham, R., Zhang, Z., Kitzberger, T., Lim, J.-H., Castro, J., Allard, G., Running, S.W., Semerci, A., Cobb, N., 2010. A global overview of drought and heat-induced mortality reveals emerging climate change risks for forests. Forest Ecology and Management 259, 660–684. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2009.09.001 .
  2. Allen, C.D., Breshears, D.D., McDowell, N.G., 2015. On underestimation of global vulnerability
 

European databases on invasive alien species

  
In Introduced tree species in European forests: opportunities and challenges (2016), pp. 136-143

Abstract

[Excerpt] The capacity to identify and mitigate threats from invasive alien species (IAS) relies on accurate, updated and easily accessible information. This would help to synthesise risks and impacts of the most common and/or threatening IAS and to prevent and control biological invasions into European forests. [\n] The EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020 (COM 2011) has dedicated an action to prevent the introduction and establishment of IAS. The EU Regulation on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species, recently entered into force (EU ...

References


  1. Benesperi, R., Giuliani, C., Zanetti, S., Gennai, M., Lippi, M.M., Guidi, T., Foggi, B., 2012. Forest plant diversity is threatened by Robinia pseudoacacia (black-locust) invasion. Biodiversity and Conservation 21(14), 3555–3568. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-012-0380-5 .
  2. Brundu, G., Richardson, D.M., 2016. Planted forests and invasive alien trees in Europe: a Code for managing existing and future plantings to mitigate the risk of negative impacts from invasions. NeoBiota 30, 5–47. https://doi.org/10.3897/neobiota.30.7015 .
  3. Chytrý, M., Lindsay, C.M.,
 

European tree dynamics and invasions during the Quaternary

  
In Introduced tree species in European forests: opportunities and challenges (2016), pp. 22-43

Abstract

The abundance and distribution of terrestrial organisms vary in space and time over a wide range of scales from a single 25x25 m plot to whole continents and from days to millennia. Trees are no exception but the relevant temporal and spatial scales are naturally different from those for a small annual forest herb because of the long life-span and large size of trees. [Excerpt: Introduction] European trees have varied in their abundance and geographical distribution over the last 5 million years or more in ...

References

  1. Allen, J.R.M., Huntley, B., 2009. Last interglacial palaeovegetation, palaeoenvironments and chronology: a new record from Lago Grande di Monticchio, southern Italy. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 1521-1538.
  2. Bennett, K.D., 1983. Post-glacial population expansion of forest trees in Norfolk, UK. Nature 303, 164-167.
  3. Bennett, K.D., 1986. The rate of spread and population increase of forest trees during the Postglacial. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B-Biological Sciences 314, 523-531.
 

Coordinate efforts on EU invasive species

  
Science, Vol. 353, No. 6303. (01 September 2016), pp. 998-998, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aah6700

Abstract

[Excerpt] An ambitious move by the European Union to eradicate, or at least contain, 37 invasive alien species across the region may fail if Member States do not coordinate their efforts. Despite calls for the establishment of a coordinating authority and the recognition of the cost-effectiveness of such a body, the European Parliament had little appetite to fund another centralized regulatory body. It thus elected to establish only a legal framework without a dedicated body or resources to oversee its ...

 

The EFSA assessment of Trichilogaster acaciaelongifoliae as biocontrol agent of the invasive alien plant Acacia longifolia: a new area of activity for the EFSA Plant Health Panel?

  
EPPO Bulletin, Vol. 46, No. 2. (August 2016), pp. 270-274, https://doi.org/10.1111/epp.12306

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] Since its foundation in 2002, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has provided independent scientific advice to European decision-makers (the European Commission, European Parliament and Member States) on the protection of consumers against threats to the food chain, animal health and plant health. In 2006, recognizing the protection of plant health to be an essential factor in the security of the food chain, the EFSA Scientific Panel on Plant Health (PLH Panel) was established. [\n] The PLH Panel is responsible for ...

 

A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2016

  
Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 31, No. 1. (January 2016), pp. 44-53, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2015.11.007

Abstract

This paper presents the results of our seventh annual horizon scan, in which we aimed to identify issues that could have substantial effects on global biological diversity in the future, but are not currently widely well known or understood within the conservation community. Fifteen issues were identified by a team that included researchers, practitioners, professional horizon scanners, and journalists. The topics include use of managed bees as transporters of biological control agents, artificial superintelligence, electric pulse trawling, testosterone in the aquatic ...

 

Planting sentinel European trees in Eastern Asia as a novel method to identify potential insect pest invaders

  
PLoS ONE, Vol. 10, No. 5. (20 May 2015), e0120864, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120864

Abstract

Quarantine measures to prevent insect invasions tend to focus on well-known pests but a large proportion of the recent invaders were not known to cause significant damage in their native range, or were not even known to science before their introduction. A novel method is proposed to detect new potential pests of woody plants in their region of origin before they are introduced to a new continent. Since Asia is currently considered to be the main supplier of insect invaders to ...

 

Citizen science and early detection of invasive species: phenology of first occurrences of Halyomorpha halys in Southern Europe

  
Biological Invasions (2016), pp. 1-8, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-016-1217-z

Abstract

Early detection of invasive alien species and the ability to track their spread are critical for undertaking appropriate management decisions. Citizen science surveys are potentially valuable tools for quickly obtaining information on biodiversity and species distributions. The Asian brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, is an invasive pest of agricultural crops and a dwelling nuisance. Halyomorpha halys was first recorded in Italy in 2012 in Emilia Romagna, one of the most important fruit producing regions of Europe. To rapidly obtain data ...

 

The effects of temporally variable dispersal and landscape structure on invasive species spread

  
Ecological Applications, Vol. 20, No. 3. (April 2010), pp. 593-608, https://doi.org/10.1890/09-0034.1

Abstract

Many invasive species are too widespread to realistically eradicate. For such species, a viable management strategy is to slow the rate of spread. However, to be effective, this will require detailed spread data and an understanding of the influence of environmental conditions and landscape structure on invasion rates. We used a time series of remotely sensed distribution maps and a spatial simulation model to study spread of the invasive Lepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) in California's Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta. L. latifolium ...

 

Zur Verbreitung, Vergesellschaftung und Einbürgerung des Götterbaumes (Ailanthus altissima [Mill.] Swingle) in Mitteleuropa

  
Tuexenia, Vol. 4 (1984)

Abstract

[German] Nach einer kurzen Übersicht über die weltweite Kultur von Ailanthus altissima werden spontane Verbreitung, Vergesellschaftung und Einbürgerung in Mitteleuropa erörtert und mit Angaben aus anderen Teilen Europas verglichen. [\n] Als entscheidender Klimafaktor für die Ausbildung der nördlichen Arealgrenze, die quer durch das Norddeutsche Tiefland verläuft, ist eine lange Vegetationsperiode mit hoher sommerlicher Wärmesumme anzusehen. Ailanthus fehlt in den kühleren Küstengebieten sowie in Gebirgen und ist in wärmeren Gebieten weitgehend an Städte gebunden. Am Beispiel von Berlin (West) konnte gezeigt werden, daß ...

 

State of the world's plants - 2016

  
(2016)

Abstract

This report provides, for the first time, a baseline assessment of our current knowledge on the diversity of plants on earth, the global threats these plants currently face, and the policies in place and their effectiveness in dealing with these threats. [\n] On the diversity of plants, we can report that there are now an estimated ~391,000 vascular plants known to science of which 369,000 are flowering plants. Around 2000 new vascular plant species are described each year. In 2015 these included ...

 

Forest landscape change and biodiversity conservation

  
In Forest Landscapes and Global Change (2014), pp. 167-198, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-0953-7_7

Abstract

Forest landscapes are changing at unprecedented rates in many regions of the world. This may have profound consequences for the diversity and resilience of forest ecosystems and may impose considerable challenges for their management. In this chapter, we review the different types of change that can occur in a forest landscape, including modifications in forest habitat amount, quality, fragmentation, connectivity, and heterogeneity. We describe the conceptual differences and potential interactions among these changes and provide a summary of the possible responses ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 18

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: inrmm-list-of-tags   intsia-palembanica   invariance   invasion   invasive-pathogens   invasive-plant   invasive-species   inventories   invertebrates   invisible-hand-myth   ipcc   ipcc-scenarios   ipcc-tier-1   ips-acuminatus   ips-cembrae   ips-confusus   ips-duplicatus   ips-paraconfusus   ips-pini   ips-sexdentatus   ips-spp   ips-subelongatus   ips-typographus   iran   iraq   ireland   iron   irreversibility   irvingia-gabonensis   islands   iso   isochrone   isoenzyme   isolation   isolation-by-distance   isolation-frequency   isoprene   isozyme-analysis   isozyme-variation   isozymes   israel   italian-alps   italy   iucn   iucn-critically-endangered-cr   iucn-data-deficient-dd   iucn-endangered-en   iucn-extinct-in-the-wild-ew   iucn-least-concern-lc   iucn-lower-risk-least-concern-lrlc   iucn-lower-risk-near-threatened-lrnt   iucn-near-threatened-nt   iucn-vulnerable-vu   iverson-bracket   janus-abbreviatus   japan   jatropha-curcas   joint-research-centre   journal-ranking   jubaea-chilensis   juglans-jamaicensis   juglans-mandshurica   juglans-nigra   juglans-regia   juglans-spp   juniper-wood   juniperus-californica   juniperus-cedrus   juniperus-communis   juniperus-deppeana   juniperus-drupacea   juniperus-excelsa   juniperus-foetidissima   juniperus-monosperma   juniperus-occidentalis   juniperus-osteosperma   juniperus-oxycedrus   juniperus-phoenicea   juniperus-rigida   juniperus-silicicola   juniperus-spp   juniperus-thurifera   kalmia-latifolia   kalopanax-septemlobus   kappa   kazdaglari   kenya   kk10   knn-distance   knowledge-engineering   knowledge-freedom   knowledge-integration   knowledge-management   kolkwitzia-amabilis   koompassia-excelsa   kosovo   la-nina   laburnum-alpinum   laburnum-anagyroides  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

European map of alien plant invasions based on the quantitative assessment across habitats

  
Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 15, No. 1. (January 2009), pp. 98-107, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-4642.2008.00515.x

Abstract

[Aim] Recent studies using vegetation plots have demonstrated that habitat type is a good predictor of the level of plant invasion, expressed as the proportion of alien to all species. At local scale, habitat types explain the level of invasion much better than alien propagule pressure. Moreover, it has been shown that patterns of habitat invasion are consistent among European regions with contrasting climates, biogeography, history and socioeconomic background. Here we use these findings as a basis for mapping the ...

 

Tree diversity limits the impact of an invasive forest pest

  
PLoS ONE, Vol. 10, No. 9. (11 September 2015), e0136469, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136469

Abstract

The impact of invasive herbivore species may be lower in more diverse plant communities due to mechanisms of associational resistance. According to the “resource concentration hypothesis” the amount and accessibility of host plants is reduced in diverse plant communities, thus limiting the exploitation of resources by consumers. In addition, the “natural enemy hypothesis” suggests that richer plant assemblages provide natural enemies with more complementary resources and habitats, thus promoting top down regulation of herbivores. We tested these two hypotheses by comparing ...

 

Species Accounts of 100 of the Most Invasive Alien Species in Europe

  
In Handbook of Alien Species in Europe, Vol. 3 (2009), pp. 269-374, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8280-1_13
edited by DAISIE
 

Alien species in Norway - with the Norwegian Black List 2012

  
(2012)

Abstract

Alien species in Norway — with the Norwegian Black List 2012 thus focuses exclusively on assessments of ecological impact, and does not consider other negative consequences that may result from non-native invasive species. Tables provide an overview of the 2320 alien species that are found in Norway. Our mandate also directs us to limit our ecological risk assessment to species non-native to Norway. ...

 

Ærentrænger sig frem

  
Dansk Skovbrugs Tidsskrift, Vol. 86 (2001), pp. 1-96

Abstract

Title: The sycamore maple is spreading In Denmark, the invasive capacity of sycamore maple has been widely exploited since the late 1960s to achieve reliable, rapid,and inexpensive establishment of a new generation of trees in canopy gaps following conifer wind throw ...

 

NOBANIS - Invasive Alien Species Fact Sheet - Acer pseudoplatanus

  
(2010)
 

Notes à La Flore de Corse, XXV

  
Candollea, Vol. 70, No. 1. (1 June 2015), pp. 109-140, https://doi.org/10.15553/c2015v701a10

Abstract

These “notes” deal with 110 noteworthy taxa amongst which 21 are new to the island's flora. One of these taxa is native: Reseda alba subsp. hookeri and 20 are introduced: Abies pinsapo, Acer ×coriaceum, Albizia julibrissin, Arundo micrantha, Azolla filiculoides, Bolboschoenus laticarpus, Digitaria ciliaris, Digitaria violascens, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, E. globulus, Genista januensis subsp. lydia, Hedera helix subsp. maroccana, Morus kagayamae, Oenothera rosea, Paspalum vaginatum, Puccinellia festuciformis subsp. lagascana, Silene fuscata, Solanum mauritianum, Veronica filiformis and Vitis riparia × V. rupestris. The ...

 

Introduced species in the Maltese Islands

  
In Proceedings of seminar "Introduction of alien species of flora and fauna", Qawra, Malta, 5 March 1996 (1996), pp. 29-54

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to review the si tuation regarding the introduction of non-native species of flora and fauna into the Maltese Islands and their surrounding waters. The introduction of non-native species is not a new phenomenon -- indeed it is a natural process in ecosystems, particularly isl and ones. Most oceanic islands are in itially colonised by species coming from ‘overseas’. Those invaders that manage to gain a foothold and survive to ...

 

Flora vascolare alloctona e invasiva delle regioni d’Italia

  
(2010)
 

A call to silviculturists for a new field of science: The forestry of invasive alien species

  
The Forestry Chronicle, Vol. 90, No. 04. (August 2014), pp. 486-488, https://doi.org/10.5558/tfc2014-098

Abstract

A new field of forestry science is required to assume the responsibilities that a new European regulation will give to Member States. Are silviculturists ready to share and improve scientific knowledge on the management of invasive tree species alien to Europe? ...

 

Plant species diversity in alien black locust stands: A paired comparison with native stands across a north-Mediterranean range expansion

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 285 (December 2012), pp. 85-91, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.08.016

Abstract

Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) is a widespread alien tree species commonly thought to influence plant assemblages. The aim of this study was to compare the plant diversity between black locust and native recent secondary stands within the European Mediterranean Mountains environmental zone. Spontaneous reforestation was detected by comparing historical aerial photographs and the most recent images. Distributed throughout a 2700 km2 hilly and piedmont area, 32 black locust and 32 paired native stands were selected and all vascular plant species were ...

 

Oak forest exploitation and black-locust invasion caused severe shifts in epiphytic lichen communities in Northern Italy

  
Science of The Total Environment, Vol. 408, No. 22. (October 2010), pp. 5506-5512, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.07.056

Abstract

In the last two centuries, native European oak forests have undergone a dramatic decline related to increasing human pressure for agriculture and urbanization. Oak forests were either completely eradicated and transformed into agricultural landscapes or replaced by second-growth formations. Intensive forest management and the replacement of native forests with production forests or arable lands are recognized amongst the main threats to many lichens in Europe. In this study, we used historical information on the epiphytic lichen biota which was hosted in ...

 

Biotic homogenization at the community scale: disentangling the roles of urbanization and plant invasion

  
Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 19, No. 7. (1 July 2013), pp. 738-748, https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12028

Abstract

Aim Urbanization as a major global trend profoundly changes biodiversity patterns, and homogenization of urban biota due to expanding exotic species and declining native species is of increasing concern. Previous studies on this topic have mostly taken place at large scales that include high habitat heterogeneity. Here, we aimed at disentangling the effects of urbanization and plant invasion on species composition through the analysis of similarity patterns of urban plant assemblages at the community scale where species interact. Location Berlin, Germany. ...

 

Forest plant diversity is threatened by Robinia pseudoacacia (black-locust) invasion

  
Biodiversity and Conservation In Biodiversity and Conservation, Vol. 21, No. 14. (2 November 2012), pp. 3555-3568, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-012-0380-5

Abstract

The effects of black-locust invasion on plant forest diversity are still poorly investigated. Vascular plants are likely to be influenced by increasing nutrient availability associated with the nitrogen-fixing activity of black-locust, whereas it is not clear if, along with stand aging, black-locust formations regain forest species. The main aim of the present study was to test whether the increase of black-locust stand age promoted a plant variation in mature stands leading to assemblages similar to those of native forests. Therefore, plant ...

 

Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) - an invasive neophyte in the conventional land reclamation flora in Romania

  
Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov Series II: Forestry, Wood Industry, Agricultural Food Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 2. (2013), pp. 23-30

Abstract

The aim of this review was to contrast the multiple uses of black locust (Robinia pseudacacia L.) with the risks associated with its invasive behaviour. Data regarding the chorology, ecological requirements and biological characteristics were also presented. Special attention was given to the role of black locust in land reclamation in Romania. The importance of this species is expected to increase in the future due to its high ecological amplitude and biological characteristics that make ...

 

Effects of invasive European bird cherry (Prunus padus) on leaf litter processing by aquatic invertebrate shredder communities in urban Alaskan streams

  
Hydrobiologia In Hydrobiologia, Vol. 736, No. 1. (2014), pp. 17-30, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-014-1881-x

Abstract

European bird cherry (Prunus padus) (EBC) is an invasive ornamental tree that is spreading rapidly in riparian forests of urban Alaska. To determine how the spread of EBC affects leaf litter processing by aquatic invertebrate shredders, we conducted complementary leaf pack experiments in two streams located in Anchorage, Alaska. The first experiment contrasted invasive EBC with three native tree species—thin-leaf alder (Alnus tenuifolia), paper birch (Betula neoalaskana), and black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa)—in one reach of Chester Creek; finding that EBC leaf ...

 

MOBSTRAT – Timber MOBilisation STRATegies for Swiss forests A participatory and multi-criteria decision-making process to promote timber harvesting in the Ticino Canton

  
In Atti del IX Congresso Nazionale SISEF "Multifunzionalità degli ecosistemi forestali montani: sfide e opportunità per la ricerca e lo sviluppo" (2013)

Abstract

Due to global climate change and future energy challenges (peak oil and regional independence on energy supply), local and national policies worldwide promote an increase in the use of timber both in the building sector and for energy production purposes [1, 2, 3]. The MOBSTRAT project aims at understanding whether mobilising more timber is possible and which consequences it would bring. The project is based on a simulation of forest management scenarios applied to three case studies and stakeholder involvement using ...

 

Temperate forest health in an era of emerging megadisturbance

  
Science, Vol. 349, No. 6250. (21 August 2015), pp. 823-826, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaa9933

Abstract

Although disturbances such as fire and native insects can contribute to natural dynamics of forest health, exceptional droughts, directly and in combination with other disturbance factors, are pushing some temperate forests beyond thresholds of sustainability. Interactions from increasing temperatures, drought, native insects and pathogens, and uncharacteristically severe wildfire are resulting in forest mortality beyond the levels of 20th-century experience. Additional anthropogenic stressors, such as atmospheric pollution and invasive species, further weaken trees in some regions. Although continuing climate change will likely ...

Visual summary

 

Planted forest health: The need for a global strategy

  
Science, Vol. 349, No. 6250. (21 August 2015), pp. 832-836, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aac6674

Abstract

Several key tree genera are used in planted forests worldwide, and these represent valuable global resources. Planted forests are increasingly threatened by insects and microbial pathogens, which are introduced accidentally and/or have adapted to new host trees. Globalization has hastened tree pest emergence, despite a growing awareness of the problem, improved understanding of the costs, and an increased focus on the importance of quarantine. To protect the value and potential of planted forests, innovative solutions and a better-coordinated global approach are ...

 

Spreading of the invasive Carpobrotus aff. acinaciformis in Mediterranean ecosystems: The advantage of performing in different light environments

  
Applied Vegetation Science, Vol. 11, No. 1. (February 2008), pp. 45-54, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-109x.2008.tb00203.x

Abstract

[Question] Do specific environmental conditions affect the performance and growth dynamics of one of the most invasive taxa (Carpobrotus aff. acinaciformis) on Mediterranean islands? [Location] Four populations located on Mallorca, Spain. [Methods] We monitored growth rates of main and lateral shoots of this stoloniferous plant for over two years (2002–2003), comparing two habitats (rocky coast vs. coastal dune) and two different light conditions (sun vs. shade). In one population of each habitat type, we estimated electron transport rate and the level of plant ...

 

Invasion of Agave species (Agavaceae) in south-east Spain: invader demographic parameters and impacts on native species

  
Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 10, No. 5-6. (06 September 2004), pp. 493-500, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1366-9516.2004.00086.x

Abstract

Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain the success of invasive species in new environments. A species may become invasive when a new site provides the potential for positive rates of population growth. This may be the case of several Agave species introduced to Spain in the 1940s. In this paper we document factors that promote large increases of populations of these species, and their effects on native plant communities in two sites of SE Spain. Results showed higher rhizome and ...

 

Frangula alnus (alder buckthorn)

  
Invasive Species Compendium (2015)
by CABI

Abstract

The Invasive Species Compendium is an encyclopaedic resource that draws together scientific information on all aspects of invasive species. It comprises detailed datasheets that have been sourced from experts, edited by CABI's scientific staff, peer-reviewed, enhanced with data from specialist organisations, and with images and maps, and linked to a bibliographic database. In 2001, CABI's Compendium Programme Consortia identified a need for a Compendium on Invasive Species in recognition of the threat posed by invasive species to the global economy and environment. This ...

 

Recent activities on invasive alien plants in Slovakia

  
EPPO Reporting Service, Vol. 6 (2013)
by EPPO

Abstract

[Excerpt] The Slovakian law (Act No. 543/2002 Coll. on Nature and Landscape Protection) provides a framework for protection of native species and ecosystems. The Act makes it prohibited to import, possess, grow, reproduce and trade both IAS and their parts or products thereof that could cause their spread. According to the Order of the Ministry of the Environment No. 24/2003 Coll., provisions apply to 7 plant species (the most problematic): Fallopia japonica (Polygonaceae, EPPO List of invasive alien plants), Fallopia × bohemica ...

 

Feral olives (Olea europaea) as future woody weeds in Australia: a review

  
Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, Vol. 40, No. 6. (2000), pp. 889-901

Abstract

Olives (Olea europaea ssp. europaea), dispersed from 19th century orchards in the Adelaide area, have become established in remnant bushland as a major environmental weed. Recent expansion of the Australian olive industry has resulted in the widespread planting of olive orchards in South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales, Western Australia, Queensland and parts of Tasmania. This paper reviews the literature on the activity of vertebrate (principally avian) olive predators and their potential as vectors for spreading this plant into Australian remnant ...

 

Control of Tamarix in the Western United States: Implications for Water Salvage, Wildlife Use, and Riparian Restoration

  
Environmental Management In Environmental Management, Vol. 35, No. 3. (2005), pp. 231-246, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-004-0099-5

Abstract

Non-native shrub species in the genus Tamarix (saltcedar, tamarisk) have colonized hundreds of thousands of hectares of floodplains, reservoir margins, and other wetlands in western North America. Many resource managers seek to reduce saltcedar abundance and control its spread to increase the flow of water in streams that might otherwise be lost to evapotranspiration, to restore native riparian (streamside) vegetation, and to improve wildlife habitat. However, increased water yield might not always occur and has been substantially lower than expected in ...

 

Saltcedar (Tamarisk) Classification, Distribution, Ecology and Control

  
In Noxious Range Weeds (1991), pp. 377-386

Abstract

This is a reference book on the classification, distribution, ecology and control of poisonous and aggressively invasive plant species on rangeland. The plants covered include leafy spurge, snakeweeds, thistles and knapweeds, woody species such as juniper, rabbitbrush, oakbrush, mesquite and saltcedar, and other noxious weeds such as dyers woad, cheatgrass and tansy ragwort. ...

 

Weed control in natural areas in the Western United States

  
(2013)

Abstract

Weed Control in Natural Areas in the Western United States is the first comprehensive book to focus on control options for invasive plants in natural areas. Fifteen authors, led by Dr. Joe DiTomaso of UC Davis, compiled information on control methods for 340 species in 13 western states, covering rangelands, grasslands, pastures, riparian and aquatic areas. Each species account includes chemical, mechanical, biological and cultural control options, based on literature and the personal experience of the authors. [\n] The goal of the ...

 

Habitat relationships of saltcedar (Tamarix ramosissima)

  
The Great Basin Naturalist, Vol. 46, No. 3. (1986), pp. 535-541

Abstract

Nineteen study sites were established in areas infested with saltcedar bordering Utah Lake in central Utah. Saltcedar cover on the sites averaged 57% but varied widely from community to community. Seventeen soil factors were measured relative to the stands studied. Cover of saltcedar was regressed against the different soil factors, but no patterns were detected. Saltcedar functioned equally well at all levels of each gradient studied and appeared able to accommodate wide variations in all factors studied. It is suggested that ...

 

amarix spp. (salt cedar), an invasive exotic woody plant in arid and semi-arid riparian habitats of western USA

  
In Ecology and management of invasive riverside plants (1994), pp. 27-44

Abstract

The taxonomy, distribution in western USA, morphology, physiology and ecology of Tamarix spp. are reviewed. There are 4 main techniques for vegetative management: biological, fire, mechanical and chemical. Flooding can also be used as a control method. ...

 

The importance of population growth, seed dispersal and habitat suitability in determining plant invasiveness

  
Euphytica In Euphytica, Vol. 148, No. 1-2. (March 2006), pp. 97-109, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-006-5944-6

Abstract

This paper examines the roles of plant demography, seed dispersal ecology and habitat suitability in influencing invasiveness of horticulturally important species. Section one investigates the relative invasiveness of two woody species, Crataegus monogyna and Prunus mahaleb, and concentrates on differences in demographic and dispersal traits. The second section delineates the invasion of two Asparagus spp. and concentrates on differences in seed dispersal ecology. Section three reports the use of a geographical information system analysis to determine whether habitat suitability, seed dispersal ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database. http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/invasive-species

Result page: 1 2 Next

Publication metadata

Bibtex, RIS, RSS/XML feed, Json, Dublin Core

Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
Search only within the INRMM-MiD publication records:
Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.