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Selection: with tag integrated-water-resources-management [40 articles] 


At the nexus of fire, water and society

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 371, No. 1696. (23 May 2016), 20150172,


The societal risks of water scarcity and water-quality impairment have received considerable attention, evidenced by recent analyses of these topics by the 2030 Water Resources Group, the United Nations and the World Economic Forum. What are the effects of fire on the predicted water scarcity and declines in water quality? Drinking water supplies for humans, the emphasis of this exploration, are derived from several land cover types, including forests, grasslands and peatlands, which are vulnerable to fire. In the last two ...


Lexicographic optimisation for water resources planning: the case of Lake Verbano, Italy

In Proceedings of the iEMSs First Biennial Meeting: Integrated Assessment and Decision Support (2002), pp. 235-240


Lake Verbano is a natural lake used as multipurpose reservoir. The lake supplies water for irrigation and hydropower generation to downstream users, while flood controls are applied to protect the lake shores and the downstream populations on the Ticino river, and environmental preservation constraints must be respected. All these objectives are conflicting and they have different priorities, as stated by the Italian regulation on water use. This paper explores a methodology aimed at solving this conflict. The stakeholders involvement in the ...


Dam-building threatens Mekong fisheries

Science, Vol. 354, No. 6316. (02 December 2016), pp. 1084-1085,


[Excerpt] Every April, the pa nyawn catfish would make their way up the Mekong River to spawn, crowding through a narrow channel that skirts Khone Falls in southern Laos. Villagers netted the thumb-sized fish by the hundreds of thousands. Then, in 2014, work started on Don Sahong Dam, which straddles the channel. Although the dam won't be completed for another 2 years, construction has already cut off the migration and destroyed the fishing sites, says Zeb Hogan, a biologist with the ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 20

(February 2014)
Keywords: incomplete-knowledge   incongruity   india   indian-ocean   indicator-driven-bias   indicator-species   indicators   indices   individual-emissions   indonedia   industry   inequality   infiltration   information   information-systems   information-technology-benefits   infrastructure   initial-conditions   innovation   inrmm   inrmm-list-of-tags   inrmm-relationship-schemata   insect-outbreak   insect-outbreaks   insect-resistance   insects   inspire   instability   institutional-change   insurance   integral-modelling   integral-quality-index   integrated-biodiversity-observation-system   integrated-modelling   integrated-natural-resources-modelling-and-management   integrated-water-resources-management   integration-constraints   integration-techniques   intelligence   inter-specific-crossing   interactions   interception-capacity   interdisciplinary   interdisciplinary-research   interface   interglacial   international-trade   interoperability   interval-analysis   interview   intra-specific-crossing   intractable-problem   intraspecific-differentiation   intraspecific-variation   intraspecific-vs-interspecific   introduction   introgression   intsia-palembanica   invariance   invasion   invasive-pathogens   invasive-plant   invasive-species   inventories   invertebrates   invisible-hand-myth   ipcc   ipcc-scenarios   ipcc-tier-1   ips-acuminatus   ips-amitinus   ips-cembrae   ips-confusus   ips-duplicatus   ips-paraconfusus   ips-pini   ips-sexdentatus   ips-spp   ips-subelongatus   ips-typographus   iran   iraq   ireland   iron   irreversibility   irvingia-gabonensis   islands   iso   isochrone   isoenzyme   isolation   isolation-by-distance   isolation-frequency   isoprene   isozyme-analysis   isozyme-variation   isozymes   israel   italian-alps  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


The use of system dynamics simulation in water resources management

Water Resources Management In Water Resources Management, Vol. 23, No. 7. (1 May 2009), pp. 1301-1323,


In this paper we discuss the use of system dynamics as a methodology with which to address dynamically complex problems in water resources management. Problems in regional planning and river basin management, urban water management, flooding and irrigation exhibit important short-term and long-term effects, and are often contentious issues with high potential for conflict. We argue that system dynamics combined with stakeholder involvement provides an appropriate methodology to address these issues effectively. We trace the theoretical and practical evolution of system ...


A thirsty world

Science, Vol. 313, No. 5790. (2006), pp. 1067-1067,


[Excerpt] The search for fresh water—to drink, to bathe in, to irrigate crops—is a problem as old as civilization. Across the ages, cities have thrived where the supply is abundant and collapsed in the face of drought. Remarkably, despite the technological progress characterizing the modern era and the fact that most of Earth's surface is covered by oceans, the availability of fresh water remains a pressing concern throughout the world. In this special section, we highlight some of the diverse contemporary ...


Seeking sustainability: Israel's evolving water management strategy

Science, Vol. 313, No. 5790. (2006), pp. 1081-1084,


The water management policies adopted to address Israel's chronic scarcity have not been without environmental consequences. Yet, through a trial-and-error process, a combined strategy of water transport, rainwater harvesting, and wastewater reuse and desalination, along with a variety of water conservation measures, have put the country on a more sustainable path for the future. ...


Water resources management: what should be integrated?

Science, Vol. 336, No. 6086. (2012), pp. 1234-1235,


[Summary] Sustainable management of water resources (including provision of safe and reliable supplies for drinking water and irrigation, adequate sanitation, protection of aquatic ecosystems, and flood protection) poses enormous challenges in many parts of the world. Despite the global abundance of water and the mainly renewable character of this resource, it is estimated that one-fifth of the world's population lives under conditions of water scarcity (1). This is primarily the result of the heterogeneous distribution of freshwater in space and time, which ...


Water Management and Ecosystems: Living with Change



[Excerpt: Introduction] This report, based on the links between water and ecosystems, outlines how ecosystem-focused approaches may be incorporated into integrated water resources management (IWRM). It analyses to what degree water is involved in the relationship between society and the surrounding ecosystems, clarifies how humans and ecosystems are sharing the same water, and shows how ecosystem sustainability may be strengthened within the IWRM process. The report will provide a conceptual background to support land/water integration in a catchment based ecosystem approach to ...


The role of productive woodlands in water management

(17 March 2015)


[Excerpt] The benefits of woodland for water are increasingly being recognised and influencing approaches to woodland creation. For example, since April 2012, the English Woodland Grant Scheme has included an enhanced grant rate to encourage woodland planting where it could help reduce flood risk for affected communities, including in downstream towns and cities, and improve the freshwater environment. This had delivered around 1,800 ha of new woodland across the country by December 2013. Much of the planting has involved non-productive woodland with little or no conifer, ...


Parallel discrete differential dynamic programming for multireservoir operation

Environmental Modelling & Software (2014),


[Highlights] • Time cost is crucial to operations of large-scale hydropower systems (LSHSs). • Parallelism of discrete differential dynamic programming (PDDDP) is proposed. • PDDDP enhances the computing efficiency and makes full use of multi-core resources. • PDDDP shows its potential practicability and validity for operations of LSHSs. [Abstract] The curse of dimensionality and computational time cost are a great challenge to operation of large-scale hydropower systems (LSHSs) in China because computer memory and computational time increase exponentially with increasing number ...


A procedural approach to strengthening integration and participation in water resource planning

Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 21, No. 10. (October 2006), pp. 1455-1470,


Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) is emerging as a worldwide agreed alternative to the reductionist and top-down approach that was central to the water resource management in the last century. It has been adopted by the Water Framework Directive, the most ambitious and influential water policy tool of these days, as the guiding principle for the development of River Basin Management Plans (RBMP) that will be the common tool for planning and managing water resource in Europe in the next years. ...


PROFILE: hungry water: effects of dams and gravel mining on river channels

Environmental Management In Environmental Management, Vol. 21, No. 4. (21 July 1997), pp. 533-551,


Rivers transport sediment from eroding uplands to depositional areas near sea level. If the continuity of sediment transport is interrupted by dams or removal of sediment from the channel by gravel mining, the flow may become sediment-starved (hungry water) and prone to erode the channel bed and banks, producing channel incision (downcutting), coarsening of bed material, and loss of spawning gravels for salmon and trout (as smaller gravels are transported without replacement from upstream). Gravel is artificially added to the River Rhine to prevent further incision and to ...


Living with dams: managing the environmental impacts

Water Policy, Vol. 11, No. S1. (May 2009), 121,


Dams, through disruption of physiochemical and biological processes, have water and associated environmental impacts that have far reaching social and economic consequences. The impact of each dam is unique. It depends not only on the dam structure and the attributes of local biota but also climatic and geomorphic conditions. Given the number of existing dams (over 45,000 large dams) and the large number that may be built in the near future, it is clear that humankind must live with the environmental ...


The nexus between integrated natural resources management and integrated water resources management in southern Africa

Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, Vol. 33, No. 8-13. (January 2008), pp. 889-898,


The low productivity of smallholder farming systems and enterprises in the drier areas of the developing world can be attributed mainly to the limited resources of farming households and the application of inappropriate skills and practices that can lead to the degradation of the natural resource base. This lack of development, particularly in southern Africa, is of growing concern from both an agricultural and environmental perspective. To address this lack of progress, two development paradigms that improve land and water productivity ...


Flood management in a complex river basin with a real-time decision support system based on hydrological forecasts

Vol. 48, No. EPFL-BOOK-172964. (2011)


In alpine valleys with strong urban development, river training works for flood safety become more and more difficult to implement because of economic and environmental constraints. Thus flood management has a great importance especially in river basins equipped with storage power plants having a large retention potential. To reduce the flood risk in the Upper Rhone River basin in the Cantons of Vaud and Valais, the MINERVE flood forecast system was developed. It aims an optimized flood management by taking advantage ...


Optimal Flow Allocation in the Zambezi River System

Water Resources Management In Water Resources Management, Vol. 11, No. 5. (1997), pp. 377-393,


The optimal flow allocation in the Zambezi system, the largest multi-reservoir water resources system in southern Africa, is analysed. The problem is formulated in network terms and solved with a network flow algorithm. The present configuration of the system is taken as the reference to evaluate the benefits of the proposed modifications to the existing hydropower schemes. The introduction of additional operational constraints is also considered in order to analyse the costs of environmental protection of paludal ecosystems and to account ...


IWRM in the Adda basin, Northern Italy

Geophysical Research Abstracts In European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2013, Vol. 9 (2007), 08901


The Adda river basin, in Northern Italy, is a 6.500 km2 wide basin which includes the Como Lake. The lake has been used as a regulated multipurpose reservoir for sixty years and its management has been primarily aimed at the satisfaction of downstream water demands for irrigation and hydropower generation, as well as at the control of floods, both on the lake shores and on the outflowing Adda river. Due to the changing legal and hydrological conditions the conflict between these ...


Wildfire effects on water quality in forest catchments: a review with implications for water supply

Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 396, No. 1-2. (04 January 2011), pp. 170-192,


Wildfires burn extensive forest areas around the world each year. In many locations, fire-prone forest catchments are utilised for the supply of potable water to small communities up to large cities. Following wildfire, increased erosion rates and changes to runoff generation and pollutant sources may greatly increase fluxes of sediment, nutrients and other water quality constituents, potentially contaminating water supplies. Most research to date has focused on suspended sediment exports and concentrations after wildfire. Reported first year post-fire suspended sediment exports ...


Case study: multicriteria assessment of drought mitigation measures

Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, Vol. 131, No. 6. (November 2005), pp. 449-457,


The proactive approach to drought management is based on measures devised and implemented before, during, and after the drought event, according to a planning strategy rather than within an emergency framework. The measures taken before the initiation of a drought event consist of long-term measures oriented to improve the reliability of the water supply system to meet future demands under drought conditions. The measures taken after a drought is forecasted or starts are short-term measures that try to mitigate the impacts ...


A participatory and integrated planning procedure for decision making in water resource systems

In Topics on System Analysis and Integrated Water Resources Management (2007), pp. 3-23,


This chapter presents a participatory and integrated planning procedure for decision making in water resource systems. In many parts of the world, water demand is increasing, while at the same time, availability and quality of water resources are decreasing, mainly due to human activities, in connection with the growing world population, ongoing urbanization, industrialization, and the intensification of agriculture. This development is often associated with general reductions in environmental quality and endangers sustainable development. An integrated approach is required to identify ...


PIP: a Participatory and Integrated Planning procedure for decision making in water resource systems

In Modelling and control for participatory planning and managing water systems (September 2004)


There is a wide consensus that integrated planning and management (iwrm) plays a crucial role in the current context of water resources, as well as that any water related decisional process must be participated in order to reach transparent and readily acceptable decisions. At European level the iwrm paradigm has been adopted by the Water Framework Directive that came into force in December 2000. The directive sets out a detailed framework for the improved planning and management of water, including in ...


On-line design of water reservoir policies based on inflow prediction

IFAC-PapersOnLine In Proceedings of the 17th IFAC World Congress, Vol. 41, No. 2. (06 July 2008), pp. 14540-14545,


Stochastic Dynamic Programming (SDP) is the method most extensively adopted to design release policies for water reservoir networks. However, it suffers of the well known "curse of dimensionality", which actually limits its applicability to small reservoir networks. In this paper we present an on-line approach to policy design that not only constitutes a viable alternative to overcome the SDP limits, but can also be used with an inflow predictor to improve the performance of SDPbased off-line policies. This latter possibility is ...


Threats from India's Himalaya Dams

Science, Vol. 339, No. 6115. (04 January 2013), pp. 36-37,


To meet surging domestic energy demand, provide power to the largest population in the world that lacks electricity (>400 million people), and reduce rapidly growing CO2 emissions, the Government of India (GOI) has embarked on a fast-track dam-building program. Over the next several decades, the GOI aims to construct 292 dams throughout the Indian Himalaya, doubling current hydropower capacity and contributing ∼6% to projected national energy needs by 2030 (1). With the use of coal set to expand, India's total carbon ...


Choosing among infinite alternatives

In Integrated and participatory water resources management theory (2007), pp. 223-242


In Chapter 7 we understood that, even when the Decision Maker (DM) is acting in conditions of full rationality, the design of the alternatives poses three difficulties: the presence of infinite alternatives; the presence of uncertainty produced by random disturbances; and the presence of recursive decisions. In this chapter, we begin to describe the tools to overcome these difficulties by analysing the Design Problem in the simplest of cases: the case in which the actions being considered are all planning actions ...


Integrated and participatory water resources management - Theory



Covering the more recent advances in Modelling, Planning, Management and Negotiations for Integrated Water Resource Management, this text brings together knowledge and concepts from Hydrology, System Analysis, Control Theory, Conflict Resolution, and Decision and Negotiation Theory. Without compromising on mathematical rigour, the book maintains a fine line between theory and application, methodology and tools, avoiding getting locked into excessively theoretical and formal development of the issues discussed. The non-technical aspects of water resource systems (such as societal, political and legal concerns) ...


Uncertainty matters: computer models at the science–policy interface

Water Resources Management, Vol. 21, No. 7. (1 July 2007), pp. 1075-1090,


The use of computer models offers a general and flexible framework that can help to deal with some of the complexities and difficulties associated with the development of water management plans as prescribed by the Water Framework Directive. However, despite the advantages modelling presents, the integration of information derived from models into policy is far away from being trivial or the norm. Part of the difficulties of this integration is rooted in the lack of confidence policy makers have on the ...


Stationarity is dead: whither water wanagement?

Science, Vol. 319, No. 5863. (01 February 2008), pp. 573-574,


Climate change undermines a basic assumption that historically has facilitated management of water supplies, demands, and risks. ...


Global water crisis and future food security in an era of climate change

Food Policy, Vol. 35, No. 5. (15 October 2010), pp. 365-377,


Food policy should serve humanity by advancing the humane goals of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger. However, these goals have recently been challenged by emerging forces including climate change, water scarcity, the energy crisis as well as the credit crisis. This paper analyses the overall role of these forces and population growth in redefining global food security. Specifically, global water supply and demand as well as the linkages between water supply and food security are examined. The analysis reveals that the ...


Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity

Nature, Vol. 467, No. 7315. (30 September 2010), pp. 555-561,


Protecting the world’s freshwater resources requires diagnosing threats over a broad range of scales, from global to local. Here we present the first worldwide synthesis to jointly consider human and biodiversity perspectives on water security using a spatial framework that quantifies multiple stressors and accounts for downstream impacts. We find that nearly 80% of the world’s population is exposed to high levels of threat to water security. Massive investment in water technology enables rich nations to offset high stressor levels without ...


Balancing water supply and wildlife

Nature (29 September 2010),


Study warns of threats to water security and biodiversity in the world's rivers. ...


Valutazione degli effetti dell'hydropeaking ad un sito campione e sviluppo di un indicatore ambientale per la gestione integrata della risorsa idrica

No. A3/023148. (30 June 2003), pp. 1-165


[Excerpt:Introduzione] Con il termine hydropeaking si indicano le fluttuazioni artificiose di portata causate dall’esercizio di impianti idroelettrici a bacino e le modifiche che tali fluttuazioni esercitano sull’ecosistema fluviale. Il picco di energia rilasciato durante tali fluttuazioni corrisponde alla quantità necessaria a soddisfare la domanda di punta giornaliera di energia elettrica. Obiettivi dell’attività sono stati: [::a)] individuare gli effetti dell’hydropeaking sull’habitat fisico e sulla comunità biologica (fauna ittica e benthos) [::b)] individuare i metodi di campionamento e analisi per quantificare tali effetti [::c)] sulla base ...


Parallel hybrid method applied to water distribution networks scheduling

In HPC-Europa2: Science and Supercomputing in Europe research highlights 2010 (2010), pp. 96-96


Problem description: The integral optimization of water supply systems presents various problematic aspects. Among these are the optimization of resources at the water treatment plants and the optimization of water transport, distribution and consumption. With regard to the optimization of the distribution networks, it is possible to distinguish between (1) the design of networks with a topology and characteristics that optimize both water transport and distribution, and operational and implementation costs; and (2) the search for planning and control strategies to minimize exploitation ...


Identification of strategies for adaptation planning to extreme events under climate change

In Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering , 2009. ICBBE 2009. 3rd International Conference on (June 2009), pp. 1-5,


Global climate change has significant but uncertain impacts on hydrological regimes as well as flooding patterns of a watershed, which may probably result in the enlargement of flood-prone areas and the loss of life and property. It is desired to develop effective approaches to identify optimal strategies of flooding adaptation under changing climatic conditions. In this study, a mixed integer fuzzy interval-stochastic programming (MIFISP) method is proposed for the planning of flood-retention capacity in flood-prone areas of a watershed based on ...


Is physical water scarcity a new phenomenon? Global assessment of water shortage over the last two millennia

Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 5, No. 3. (16 August 2010), 034006,


In this letter we analyse the temporal development of physical population-driven water scarcity, i.e. water shortage, over the period 0 AD to 2005 AD. This was done using population data derived from the HYDE dataset, and water resource availability based on the WaterGAP model results for the period 1961–90. Changes in historical water resources availability were simulated with the STREAM model, forced by climate output data of the ECBilt–CLIO–VECODE climate model. The water crowding index, i.e. Falkenmark water stress indicator, was ...


A look at twenty-first century water resources development

Water International, Vol. 25, No. 1. (1 March 2000), pp. 127-138,


Abstract Water resources management approaches around the world are changing dramatically. This ?changing water paradigm? has many components, including a shift away from sole, or even primary, reliance on finding new sources of supply to address perceived new demands, a growing emphasis on incorporating ecological values into water policy, a re-emphasis on meeting basic human needs for water services, and a conscious breaking of the ties between economic growth and water use. A reliance on physical solutions continues to dominate traditional ...


Neuro-Dynamic Programming for the efficient integrated water resources management

In Modelling and control for participatory planning and managing water systems (30 September 2004)


Design of policies within the integrated water resources management (IWRM) paradigm demands to take into account multiple objectives such as flood protection, water supply for hydropower generation, irrigation and urban use, imposition of minimum environmental flows, etc.. Finding efficient water management policies is a demanding task and Stochastic Dynamic Programming (SDP) can provide an effective solution methodology. The efficiency boost is even more pronounced when the scale of integration of the water management problem spans networks of water resources (i.e. sets of interconnected reservoirs, or wide-area ...


Pianificazione delle risorse idriche a scala di bacino: il caso del Fiume Adda

In Ricerca ed innovazione nell'idraulica agraria e nelle sistemazioni idraulico-forestali (2007), pp. 199-202

A selective improvement technique for fastening neuro-dynamic programming in water resources network management

IFAC-PapersOnLine In Proceedings of the 16th IFAC World Congress, Vol. 38, No. 1. (04 July 2005), pp. 7-12,
edited by Pavel Zítek


An approach to the integrated water resources management based on Neuro-Dynamic Programming (NDP) with an improved technique for fastening its Artificial Neural Network (ANN) training phase will be presented. When dealing with networks of water resources, Stochastic Dynamic Programming provides an effective solution methodology but suffers from the so-called "curse of dimensionality", that rapidly leads to the problem intractability. NDP can sensibly mitigate this drawback by approximating the solution with ANNs. However in the real world applications NDP shows to be ...


  1. Archibald, T.W., McKinnon, K.I.M., Thomas, L.C., 1997. An aggregate stochastic dynamic programming model of multireservoir systems. Water Resour. Res. 33, 333-340.
  2. Bellman, R.E., Dreyfus, S.E., 1959. Functional approximations and dynamic programming. Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation 13, 247-251.
  3. Bellman, R.E., Kabala, R., Kotkin, B., 1963. Polynomial approximation – a new computational technique in dynamic programming. Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation 17, 155–161.
  4. Bertsekas, D.P.,

Neuro-dynamic programming for the efficient management of reservoir networks

In Proceedings of MODSIM 2001, International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, Vol. 4 (December 2001), pp. 1949-1954,


[:Significance (Ed.)] This article introduced in 2001 one of the very first successful applications of advanced machine learning techniques to solve complex, multicriteria management problems in water resources dealing with networks of water reservoirs. It applied approximate dynamic programming (here, neuro-dynamic programming - whose approximation of stochastic dynamic programming relies on artificial neural networks) to the integrated water resources management. The methodology is general enough to be potentially useful in other problems of integrated natural resources modelling and management (INRMM). [::Machine learning in ...


  1. Bellman, R.E., Dreyfus, S.E., 1959. Functional approximations and dynamic programming. Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation, 13, pp. 247–251.
  2. Bertsekas, D.P., Tsitsiklis, J.N., 1996. Neuro-Dynamic Programming. Athena Scientific, Belmont, MA. INRMM-MiD:206209 .
  3. Georgakakos, A.P., Marks, D.H., 1987. A new method for real-time operation of reservoir systems. Water Resour. Res., 23(7), pp. 1376–1390.
  4. Georgakakos, A.P., 1989. Extended Linear Quadratic Gaussian Control for the real-time operation of reservoir
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Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.