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Selection: with tag heuristics [13 articles] 


When persistence doesn't pay

Science, Vol. 361, No. 6398. (13 July 2018), pp. 124-125,


People routinely make bad decisions. Far from being random, however, these bad decisions are often predictable, occurring reliably in specific contexts (1–3). One set of such suboptimal decisions are cognitive biases, wherein individuals make decisions that predictably violate rationality or their own best interests without a logical reason for doing so (4). One such bias is the sunk cost bias, in which individuals invest more time or resources in an outcome than it is worth given the potential gain, presumably because ...


Rules of thumb for judging ecological theories

Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 19, No. 3. (March 2004), pp. 121-126,


An impressive fit to historical data suggests to biologists that a given ecological model is highly valid. Models often achieve this fit at the expense of exaggerated complexity that is not justified by empirical evidence. Because overfitted theories complement the traditional assumption that ecology is `messy', they generally remain unquestioned. Using predation theory as an example, we suggest that a fit-driven appraisal of model value is commonly misdirected; although fit to historical data can be important, the simplicity and generality of ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 18

(February 2014)
Keywords: green-water   greenland   gregarina-typographi   gremmeniella-abietina   grevillea-robusta   gridded-data   ground-vegetation   groundwater   groundwater-table-depth   growing-stock   growth   growth-model   growth-rates   growth-responses   growth-trends   growth-variability   growth-yield   guajacum-officinale   guajacum-sanctum   guidos-mspa   gulo-gulo   gvsig   gymmocladus-spp   gymnocarpium-dryopteris   gymnospermae   gypsonoma-aceriana   gypsonoma-haimbachiana   h-index   habitat   habitat-area   habitat-availability   habitat-classification   habitat-conservation   habitat-description   habitat-suitability   hacquetia-epipactis   hadgem2-ao   haematoxylum-campechianum   hagenia-abyssinica   hailstorm   haiti   half-sib-families   haliastur-sphenurus   halyomorpha-halys   hamamelis-spp   handbook   handicraft   hardiness   hardware   hardwood   harking   health-impacts   heat-shock   heat-storage   heat-transfer   heaters   heating   heatwaves   heavy-metal   heavy-metals   hedera-colchica   hedera-helix   hedera-pastuchovii   hedera-spp   height-differentiation   height-growth   helianthus-spp   helianthus-tuberosus   hellenica   hellinger-distance   hemiptera   herbal-medicines   herbicide-control   herbivory   herbivory-impact   hermeneutics   herpotrichia-juniperi   heterobasidion   heterobasidion-abietinum   heterobasidion-annosum   heterobasidion-parviporum   heteroskedasticity   heuristics   hevea-brasiliensis   hibiscus-elatus   hibiscus-tiliaceus   hidden-goal   hidden-knowledge   hieraaetus-pennatus   high-frequency-feedback   high-impact-grey-literature   high-impact-publication   high-resolution-data   hill-slope-curvature   hillslope   hilly-areas   himalayan-region   hippophae-rhamnoides   histamine-release   inrmm-list-of-tags  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


The management of Lake Como: a multiobjective analysis

Water Resources Research, Vol. 22, No. 2. (1 February 1986), pp. 109-120,


This paper describes a heuristic approach for improving the performance of multipurpose reservoirs that have already been in operation for a certain number of years. The main characteristic of the method is that the analyst must first learn from the past experience of the manager and synthesize it into a simple operating rule. Then, the analyst must point out, with the help of the manager, what the acceptable modifications of such a rule are. After this has been accomplished, the optimal ...


  1. Bogle, M. G. V., and M. J. O'Sullivan, Stochastic optimization of a water supply system, Water Resour. Res., 15(4), 778-786, 1979.
  2. Colton, I. L, and D. H. Marks, A review and evaluation of multiob-jective programming techniques, Water Resour. Res., 11(2), 208-219, 1975.
  3. Gal, S., Optimal management of a multireservoir water supply syStem, Water Remo. Rm., 15(4), 737-749, 1979.
  4. Helweg, 0. L, R. W. Rinks, and D.

There Is a Free Lunch for Hyper-Heuristics, Genetic Programming and Computer Scientists

In Genetic Programming, Vol. 5481 (2009), pp. 195-207,


In this paper we prove that in some practical situations, there is a free lunch for hyper-heuristics, i.e., for search algorithms that search the space of solvers, searchers, meta-heuristics and heuristics for problems. This has consequences for the use of genetic programming as a method to discover new search algorithms and, more generally, problem solvers. Furthermore, it has also rather important philosophical consequences in relation to the efforts of computer scientists to discover useful novel search algorithms. ...


A Decision-Theoretic Model of Assistance

Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, Vol. 50 (2014), pp. 71-104,


There is a growing interest in intelligent assistants for a variety of applications from sorting email to helping people with disabilities to do their daily chores. In this paper, we formulate the problem of intelligent assistance in a decision-theoretic framework, and present both theoretical and empirical results. We first introduce a class of POMDPs called hidden-goal MDPs (HGMDPs), which formalizes the problem of interactively assisting an agent whose goal is hidden and whose actions are observable. In spite of its restricted ...


Managing complex adaptive systems - A co-evolutionary perspective on natural resource management

Ecological Economics, Vol. 63, No. 1. (15 June 2007), pp. 9-21,


The overexploitation of natural resources and the increasing number of social conflicts following from their unsustainable use point to a wide gap between the objectives of sustainability and current resource management practices. One of the reasons for the difficulties to close this gap is that for evolving complex systems like natural and socio-economic systems, sustainability cannot be a static objective. Instead sustainable development is an open evolutionary process of improving the management of social-ecological systems, through better understanding and knowledge. Therefore, ...


Assessment of soil erosion vulnerability in western Europe and potential impact on crop productivity due to loss of soil depth using the ImpelERO model

Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 81, No. 3. (November 2000), pp. 179-190,


Soil erosion continues to be a major concern for the development of sustainable agricultural management systems. Sustainability modelling analysis for soil erosion must include not only vulnerability prediction but also address impact and response assessment, in an integrated way. This paper focuses on the impact of soil erosion on crop productivity and the accommodation of agricultural use and management practices to soil protection. From the Andalucia region in Spain, soil/slope, climate and crop/management information was used to further develop an expert-system/neural-network ...


Floods in a changing climate



"Flood risk management is presented in this book as a framework for identifying, assessing and prioritizing climate-related risks and developing appropriate adaptation responses. Rigorous assessment is employed to determine the available probabilistic and fuzzy set-based analytic tools, when each is appropriate and how to apply them to practical problems. Academic researchers in the fields of hydrology, climate change, environmental science and policy and risk assessment, and professionals and policy-makers working in hazard mitigation, water resources engineering and environmental economics, will find ...


Land use optimization in watershed scale

Land Use Policy, Vol. 26, No. 2. (April 2009), pp. 186-193,


Managing a watershed for satisfying the inhabitant's demand is a difficult task if one has to maintain a reasonable balance between usually conflicting environmental flows and demands. The solution to these complex issues requires the use of mathematical techniques to take into account conflicting objectives. Many optimization models exist for general management systems but there is a knowledge gap in linking practical problems with the optimum use of all land resources under conflicting demands in a watershed. In the present study, ...


Stochastic model of lake system invasion and its optimal control: neurodynamic programming as a solution method

Natural Resource Modeling, Vol. 22, No. 2. (08 December 2008), pp. 257-288,


We develop a stochastic model for the process of spread of an aquatic invader in a lake system. The invader is transported along with recreation boats, and treatment of boats allows one to control the invader spread. Optimization of invasion and control costs leads to a dynamic programming problem. However, standard stochastic dynamic programming (SDP) algorithms allow us to solve the problem for at most 13–14 lakes, which is significantly less than the size of systems arising in applications. We have ...


Dynamic reserve site selection under contagion risk of deforestation

Ecological Modelling In Management, Control and Decision Making for Ecological Systems, Vol. 201, No. 1. (10 February 2007), pp. 75-81,


Recently, dynamic reserve site selection models based on stochastic dynamic programming (SDP) have been proposed. The models consider a random development pattern in which the probability that a site will be developed is independent of the development status of other sites. However, development often takes the form of a contagion process in which the sites most likely to be developed are near sites that already have been developed. To consider site selections in such cases, we propose improved algorithms that make ...


Multiseed lossless filtration

Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, IEEE/ACM Transactions on, Vol. 2, No. 1. (January 2005), pp. 51-61,


We study a method of seed-based lossless filtration for approximate string matching and related bioinformatics applications. The method is based on a simultaneous use of several spaced seeds rather than a single seed as studied by Burkhardt and Kärkkäinen [1]. We present algorithms to compute several important parameters of seed families, study their combinatorial properties, and describe several techniques to construct efficient families. We also report a large-scale application of the proposed technique to the problem of oligonucleotide selection for an ...

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Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.