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Selection: with tag herbivory [18 articles] 


The concept of potential natural vegetation: an epitaph?

Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 21, No. 6. (December 2010), pp. 1172-1178,


We discuss the usefulness of the concept of Potential Natural Vegetation (PNV), which describes the expected state of mature vegetation in the absence of human intervention. We argue that it is impossible to model PNV because of (i) the methodological problems associated to its definition and (ii) the issues related to the ecosystems dynamics.We conclude that the approach to characterizing PNV is unrealistic and provides scenarios with limited predictive power. In places with a long-term human history, interpretations of PNV need ...


Ecological stability of mixed-species forests

In Mixed-Species Forests (2017), pp. 337-382,


In many parts of the world, forests are likely to face novel disturbance regimes as a result of global change processes, and there is concern that the capacity of forest ecosystems to withstand, recover from, or adapt to these novel disturbance regimes may decline. Creation and maintenance of species-diverse forests is seen as an important option to adapt forests to uncertain future disturbances. However, it is not known whether benefits of mixed-species forests consist mainly of risk spreading among tree species ...


Collapse of the world's largest herbivores

Science Advances, Vol. 1, No. 4. (01 May 2015), pp. e1400103-e1400103,


Large wild herbivores are crucial to ecosystems and human societies. We highlight the 74 largest terrestrial herbivore species on Earth (body mass ≥100 kg), the threats they face, their important and often overlooked ecosystem effects, and the conservation efforts needed to save them and their predators from extinction. Large herbivores are generally facing dramatic population declines and range contractions, such that ~60% are threatened with extinction. Nearly all threatened species are in developing countries, where major threats include hunting, land-use change, ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 16

(February 2014)
Keywords: growth-rates   growth-responses   growth-trends   growth-variability   growth-yield   guajacum-officinale   guajacum-sanctum   guidos-mspa   gvsig   gymmocladus-spp   gymnospermae   gypsonoma-aceriana   gypsonoma-haimbachiana   h-index   habitat   habitat-area   habitat-availability   habitat-classification   habitat-conservation   habitat-description   habitat-suitability   hadgem2-ao   haematoxylum-campechianum   hagenia-abyssinica   haiti   half-sib-families   hamamelis-spp   handbook   handicraft   hardiness   hardware   hardwood   heat-storage   heat-transfer   heating   heatwaves   heavy-metal   heavy-metals   hedera-helix   hedera-spp   height-differentiation   height-growth   helianthus-spp   helianthus-tuberosus   hellenica   hellinger-distance   hemiptera   herbal-medicines   herbicide-control   herbivory   herbivory-impact   herpotrichia-juniperi   heterobasidion   heterobasidion-abietinum   heterobasidion-annosum   heterobasidion-parviporum   heuristics   hevea-brasiliensis   hibiscus-elatus   hibiscus-tiliaceus   hidden-goal   hidden-knowledge   high-impact-publication   high-resolution-data   hill-slope-curvature   hillslope   hilly-areas   himalayan-region   hippophae-rhamnoides   histamine-release   historical-perspective   history   holocene   homeostasis   homogenous-spatial-units   homonyms   honey   honey-production   honeydew   honeydew-honey   hopea-odorata   horticulture   host   host-chemistry   host-defense   host-plant   host-range   host-resistance   host-taxonomy   hotspot   human-behaviour   human-centered-automation   human-diseases   human-health   human-impact   human-influence   human-machine-interface   human-refuge   humboldt   inrmm-list-of-tags  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Host-specific insect herbivores as sensors of climate change in arctic and Alpine environments

Arctic and Alpine Research, Vol. 30, No. 1. (1998), pp. 78-83,


The distributions of host-specific herbivorous insects along latitudinal and altitudinal gradients, particularly within arctic and alpine environments, provide useful analogs for predicted future changes that are likely to occur over time at any one location, given a gradually changing thermal environment. It is suggested that selected examples of these insect/plant systems can serve as highly responsive sensors of changing climatic temperatures. Distributions of insects that show a restricted occurrence within the overall range of their host plant are predicted to respond ...


Herbivory in global climate change research: direct effects of rising temperature on insect herbivores

Global Change Biology, Vol. 8, No. 1. (1 January 2002), pp. 1-16,
Keywords: climate-change   herbivory   insects   review   warming  


This review examines the direct effects of climate change on insect herbivores. Temperature is identified as the dominant abiotic factor directly affecting herbivorous insects. There is little evidence of any direct effects of CO2 or UVB. Direct impacts of precipitation have been largely neglected in current research on climate change. Temperature directly affects development, survival, range and abundance. Species with a large geographical range will tend to be less affected. The main effect of temperature in temperate regions is to influence ...


Host-specific insect herbivores as sensors of climate change in Arctic and Alpine environments

Arctic and Alpine Research, Vol. 30, No. 1. (1998), pp. 78-83

Ecological anachronisms in the recruitment of temperate light-demanding tree species in wooded pastures

Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 41, No. 3. (June 2004), pp. 571-582,


[::] Light-demanding trees and thorny shrubs in temperate plant communities may reflect adaptations to now-extinct large grazers, such as aurochs and tarpans, rendering these adaptations ecological anachronisms. [::] We explored the ecological functions of plant traits of Quercus robur and Prunus spinosa in areas grazed by cattle and horses, the domesticated descendants of aurochs and tarpans. Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that grazing induces a shifting mosaic of grassland, shrub thickets and woodlands through the key process of associational resistance: the protection ...


Diet of the Italian hare (Lepus corsicanus) in a semi-natural landscape of southern Italy

Mammalia, Vol. 79, No. 1. (12 March 2015), pp. 51-59,


The food habits of the endangered Italian hare have not received adequate attention from researchers. In this study, the diet composition of this species and its seasonal variation were assessed by analysing faecal pellets in a semi-natural landscape in the south of Italy. The results showed that hares feed on 62 species of plants during the year, with a conspicuous presence of herbaceous ones (e.g., Trifolium pratense, Brachypodium sylvaticum, Festuca arundinacea) as these occurred at high frequencies in most of the ...


Diet of the Apennine hare in a southern Italy Regional Park

European Journal of Wildlife Research, Vol. 60, No. 3. (2014), pp. 423-430,


In this study, we examined the annual diet composition of Lepus corsicanus in two different sites within a southern Italy Regional Park. Vegetation of site 1 was composed of a mixed scrub forest (Viburno–Quercetum ilicis s.l.), a ripisilva (Roso sempervirentis–Populetum nigrae), some thermophilous scrubs (Pruno–Rhamnetalia alaterni), and a Pinus halepensis reforested area. Site 2 comprised a mixed-oak forest (Centaureo–Quercetum pubescentis s.l.) with meadows and arable lands. Micro-histological analysis of faecal samples revealed that hares utilised 70 different species of plants during ...


Assessing the consequences of global change for forest disturbance from herbivores and pathogens

Science of The Total Environment, Vol. 262, No. 3. (November 2000), pp. 263-286,


Herbivores and pathogens impact the species composition, ecosystem function, and socioeconomic value of forests. Herbivores and pathogens are an integral part of forests, but sometimes produce undesirable effects and a degradation of forest resources. In the United States, a few species of forest pests routinely have significant impacts on up to 20 million ha of forest with economic costs that probably exceed 1 billion $/year. Climatic change could alter patterns of disturbance from herbivores and pathogens through: (1) direct effects on ...


Alternate bearing, predator satiation and seedling recruitment in Quercus robur L.

Journal of Ecology, Vol. 83, No. 4. (1995), pp. 686-696


[:1] We investigated the relationship between seed production and seedling recruitment in Quercus robur in order to determine whether oak recruitment was seed-limited, herbivore-limited or microsite-limited. Over a 15-year period, Q. robur showed a pattern of alternate bearing, with significant (but not complete) synchrony between individual trees at several sites in south-east England. [:2] Seedling recruitment was assessed in three ways: by annual destructive sampling, by monitoring permanent quadrats, and by ageing destructive samples of saplings using basal ring counts. [:3] ...


The Importance of Groves for Cattle in Semi-Open Pastures

Agriculture, Vol. 3, No. 1. (13 March 2013), pp. 147-156,


Groves are of ecological importance, but can reduce the productivity of pastures. They may be used by cattle for nutrition as well as for comfort and shelter. To describe the importance and to estimate the influence of cattle on groves, the behavior of cattle around trees and shrubs was observed on six semi-open pastures in the mountain range of Thuringia and the Southern Black Forest (Germany). The groves were divided into formations, species and structures. The cattle used the groves more ...


Dynamics of Salix caprea L. populations during forest regeneration after strong herbivore pressure

Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 9, No. 1. (February 1998), pp. 57-64,


Broadleaved forest communities degenerated through strong pressure from large herbivores. Relief of this pressure led to regeneration, in particular of Salix caprea and other light-seeded pioneer trees: Populus tremula, Betula pendula and B. pubescens. This regeneration proceeded following conservation protection of degenerate stands in a nature reserve and later in Biaowiéza National Park. The emergence and development of the Salix caprea population proceeded following the expansion of Picea abies, which coincided with the period of enhanced animal pressure on the broadleaved ...


Resistance of Salix caprea, S. phylicifolia, and their F1 hybrids to herbivores and pathogens

Ecoscience, Vol. 7, No. 1. (March 2000), pp. 51-56


Traits that make plants unpalatable to herbivores are often believed to have evolved as a response to herbivory. Thus, it has been suggested that the genetic re-combinations that occur when plants hybridize might result in a breakdown in plant resistance to herbivores and pathogens. In this study, we tested whether hybrid plants are less resistant to herbivores and pathogens than the parental species under controlled environmental conditions. Two common and widespread willow species, the tree-forming Salix caprea L. and the shrub-forming ...


Release of Juniperus thurifera woodlands from herbivore-mediated arrested succession in Spain

Applied Vegetation Science, Vol. 13, No. 1. (February 2010), pp. 15-25,


Question: Do abiotic constraints maintain monospecific woodlands of Juniperus thurifera? What is the role of biotic (livestock) versus abiotic (climate) drivers in the recruitment and growth of the different tree species? Location: Cabrejas range, Soria, north-central Spain, 1200 m altitude. Methods: Stand history was reconstructed using dendro-ecology and spatial pattern analysis, combined with historical data of livestock abundances and climatic records. Results: J. thurifera establishment occurred in two distinct pulses, with a tree component establishing in the late 1800s to early 1900s. Quercus ilex ...


Natural regeneration of yew (Taxus baccata L.): microsite, seed or herbivore limitation?

Journal of Ecology, Vol. 84, No. 6. (1996), pp. 853-861,


This study integrates results of field experiments with historical data to determine the extent and circumstances under which regeneration of English yew (Taxus baccata L.), a long-lived tree, may be seed-, microsite- or herbivore-limited. [\n] Native yew populations within Fraxinus-Acer woodlands in two coastal denes, (Castle Eden Dene and Hawthorn Dene) and two limestone gorges (Greta Gorge and Horsleyhope Ravine) all in County Durham, north-east England were selected for study. [\n] The coastal denes reflect a unimodal age-distribution with peak regeneration ...


Acorn predation and seedling production in a low-density population of cork oak (Quercus suber L.)

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 76, No. 1-3. (August 1995), pp. 197-201,


Prospects for cork oak recruitment were examined in a scrub-dominated area with low tree density in southern Spain by sowing acorns experimentally in a variety of sites. Seeds placed on the ground surface were invariably eaten within a few months by a variety of vertebrate herbivores (cattle, red deer, fallow deer, wild boar and rabbits). Predation reached 100% whether acorns were placed beneath trees or more than 100 m away from trees. Seeds placed under dense heath scrub were also rapidly ...

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.