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Selection: with tag greece [31 articles] 


Evaluating the performance of different empirical rainfall erosivity (R) factor formulas using sediment yield measurements

CATENA, Vol. 169 (October 2018), pp. 195-208,


[Highlights] [::] R-factor calculation method impact on soil erosion modeling [::] Comparative analysis (numerical, spatial) of 9 empirical R-factor formulas [::] RUSLE implementation on a typical mountainous Mediterranean catchment [::] Application on two time scales (annual, multi-annual) per R-factor approximation [::] Indirect validation (per R-factor method modelled against measured sediment yield) [Abstract] The study aims to evaluate the performance of nine empirical rainfall erosivity (R) factor formulas at the Venetikos River catchment, Northwestern Greece. The goal is to select the most appropriate one, for the accurate estimation of ...


The significance of land cover delineation on soil erosion assessment

Environmental Management (2018), pp. 1-20,


The study aims to evaluate the significance of land cover delineation on soil erosion assessment. To that end, RUSLE (Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation) was implemented at the Upper Acheloos River catchment, Western Central Greece, annually and multi-annually for the period 1965–92. The model estimates soil erosion as the linear product of six factors (R, K, LS, C, and P) considering the catchment’s climatic, pedological, topographic, land cover, and anthropogenic characteristics, respectively. The C factor was estimated using six alternative land ...


A data-driven approach to assess large fire size generation in Greece

Natural Hazards, Vol. 88, No. 3. (2017), pp. 1591-1607,


Identifying factors and drivers which control large fire size generation is critical for planning fire management activities. This study attempts to determine the role of fire suppression tactics and behavior, weather, topography and landscape features on two different datasets of large fire size (500–1000 ha) and very large fire size (>1000 ha) compared to two datasets of small fire size (<50 ha) which occurred in Greece, during the period 1984–2009. In this context, we used a logistic regression (LR) analysis and ...


The exceptionally hot summer of 2007 in Athens, Greece — A typical summer in the future climate?

Global and Planetary Change, Vol. 67, No. 3-4. (June 2009), pp. 227-236,


Summer 2007 was abnormally warm for many areas of southeastern Europe, the Balkan peninsula and parts of Asia Minor with departures from the seasonal means exceeding 4 °C in some areas but also distinct periods of extremely hot weather. Greece experienced very likely the warmest summer of its instrumental history with record breaking temperatures being observed at a number of stations. The historical air temperature record of the National Observatory of Athens (NOA), extending back to the 19th century, was used in ...


Sensitivity and evaluation of current fire risk and future projections due to climate change: the case study of Greece

Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, Vol. 14, No. 1. (23 January 2014), pp. 143-153,


Current trends in the Mediterranean climate, and more specifically in Greece, indicate longer and more intense summer droughts that even extend out of season. In connection to this, the frequency of forest fire occurrence and intensity is on the rise. In the present study, the Canadian Fire Weather Index (FWI) is used in order to investigate the relationship between fire risk and meteorological conditions in Greece. FWI is a meteorologically based index designed in Canada and used worldwide, including the Mediterranean ...


Robust projections of Fire Weather Index in the Mediterranean using statistical downscaling

Climatic Change, Vol. 120, No. 1-2. (2013), pp. 229-247,


The effect of climate change on wildfires constitutes a serious concern in fire-prone regions with complex fire behavior such as the Mediterranean. The coarse resolution of future climate projections produced by General Circulation Models (GCMs) prevents their direct use in local climate change studies. Statistical downscaling techniques bridge this gap using empirical models that link the synoptic-scale variables from GCMs to the local variables of interest (using e.g. data from meteorological stations). In this paper, we investigate the application of statistical ...


Precipitation dominates fire occurrence in Greece (1900–2010): its dual role in fuel build-up and dryness

Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, Vol. 14, No. 1. (03 January 2014), pp. 21-32,


Historical fire records and meteorological observations spanning over one century (1894–2010) were assembled in a database to collect long-term fire and weather data in Greece. Positive/negative events of fire occurrence on an annual basis were considered as the years where the annual values of the examined parameters were above (positive values) or below (negative values) the 95% confidence limits around the trend line of the corresponding parameter. To analyse the association of positive/negative events of fire occurrence with meteorological extremes, we ...


On the key role of droughts in the dynamics of summer fires in Mediterranean Europe

Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, No. 1. (6 March 2017), 81,


Summer fires frequently rage across Mediterranean Europe, often intensified by high temperatures and droughts. According to the state-of-the-art regional fire risk projections, in forthcoming decades climate effects are expected to become stronger and possibly overcome fire prevention efforts. However, significant uncertainties exist and the direct effect of climate change in regulating fuel moisture (e.g. warmer conditions increasing fuel dryness) could be counterbalanced by the indirect effects on fuel structure (e.g. warmer conditions limiting fuel amount), affecting the transition between climate-driven and ...


Fire situation in Greece

International Forest Fire News, Vol. 23 (2000), pp. 76-83


[Excerpt: Conclusions and Outlook] As can be seen, Greece has a serious fire problem. The money and effort devoted to coping with the problem is significant. Actually, especially in terms of aerial forces, the country should probably be rated first in the world on a per-hectare-protected basis. However, the poor results of the last few years clearly indicate that there is need for improvement, especially in regard to knowledge and organization of the whole effort. Also, there is a clear need for ...


Evaluation of the Canadian fire weather index system in an eastern Mediterranean environment

Meteorological Applications, Vol. 18, No. 1. (March 2011), pp. 83-93,


The Fire Weather Index module of the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System (CFFDRS) was evaluated during two consecutive fire seasons in the Mediterranean environment of Crete, Greece. The Duff Moisture Code (DMC), the Drought Code (DC), the Buildup Index (BUI) and the Fire Weather Index (FWI) were highly correlated to fire occurrence but only moderately to area burned. Logistic regression was applied in order to classify the FWI values into fire danger classes appropriate for the Mediterranean environments, as follows: ...


Evaluating post-fire forest resilience using GIS and multi-criteria analysis: an example from Cape Sounion National Park, Greece

Environmental Management In Environmental Management, Vol. 47, No. 3. (4 February 2011), pp. 384-397,


Forest fires are one of the major causes of ecological disturbance in the mediterranean climate ecosystems of the world. Despite the fact that a lot of resources have been invested in fire prevention and suppression, the number of fires occurring in the Mediterranean Basin in the recent decades has continued to markedly increase. The understanding of the relationship between landscape and fire lies, among others, in the identification of the system’s post-fire resilience. In our study, ecological and landscape data are ...


Factors determining low Mediterranean ecosystems resilience to fire: the case of Pinus halepensis forests

In Ecology, Conservation and Management of Mediterranean Climate Ecosystems - Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Mediterranean Climate Ecosystems (2004), 20


Factors acting as drivers of low resilience to fire in Pinus halepensis ecosystems are being examined. The commonest factor seems to be fire interval. From the several time windows examined, that of, the shortest one ever reported in this type of communities (3 years only) seemed to be the most crucial. From the plant species previously existing on the site woody and herbaceous obligate seeders are mainly affected by this factor. Other factors, affecting mainly pine regeneration, are the abundance of Quercus coccifera individuals in the ...


On the relationships between forest fires and weather conditions in Greece from long-term national observations (1894-2010)

International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 22, No. 4. (2013), 493,


Historical fire records and meteorological observations, spanning more than 1 century (1894–2010), were gathered and assembled in a database, to provide long-term fire–weather associations. We investigated the relationships between forest fire activity and meteorological parameters and sought to find temporal patterns and trends in these historical records and to identify any linkages between meteorological parameters and fire occurrence in the eastern Mediterranean region. Trend analysis of the time series revealed a statistically significant increase in the number of fires and air ...


Decreasing fires in Mediterranean Europe

PLoS ONE, Vol. 11, No. 3. (16 March 2016), e0150663,


Forest fires are a serious environmental hazard in southern Europe. Quantitative assessment of recent trends in fire statistics is important for assessing the possible shifts induced by climate and other environmental/socioeconomic changes in this area. Here we analyse recent fire trends in Portugal, Spain, southern France, Italy and Greece, building on a homogenized fire database integrating official fire statistics provided by several national/EU agencies. During the period 1985-2011, the total annual burned area (BA) displayed a general decreasing trend, with the ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 17

(February 2014)
Keywords: genetic-adaptation   genetic-algorithms   genetic-conservation   genetic-correlations   genetic-differentiation   genetic-diversity   genetic-drift   genetic-resources   genetic-structure   genetic-variability   genetic-variation   genetically-modified-organism   genetics   genipa-americana   genomics   genotype-environment-interaction   genotypic-diversity   geobotany   geoffroea-decorticans   geographic-information-systems   geographic-variation   geographical-range-limit   geographical-structure   geography-markup-language   geogrphical-range   geology   geomorphology   geonetwork   geopolitics   georgia   geoscience   geospatial   geospatial-information-services   geospatial-semantic-array-programming   geostatistics   geothermal-energy   geranium-robertianum   germany   germination   ghg   gibberella-circinata   gibbsiella-quercinecans   gibraltar   gilpinia-hercyniae   ginkgo-biloba   ginkgoopsida   gis   glacial   glacial-refugia   glaciers   gleditcia-caspica   gleditsia-spp   gleditsia-triacanthos   gliricidia-sepium   glis-glis   global-biodiversity-information-facility   global-change   global-climate-models   global-fire-emissions-database   global-scale   global-trend   global-warming   globodera-pallida   globodera-rostochiensis   glomerella-gossypii   glossary   glyptostrobus-pensilis   gmelina-arborea   gnetopsida   gnu-bash   gnu-linux   gnu-make   gnu-octave   gnu-project   gnu-r   gold-open-access   gonipterus-platensis   gonipterus-scutellatus   gonipterus-spp   google-scholar   government-policy   gplv2   gplv2orlater   gplv3   gplv3orlater   gplv3orlaterstatistics   graffenrieda-emarginata   grain   granivory   graph-theory   grass-gis   grass-gis-manual   grasslands   grazing   great-britain   greece   green-alder   green-infrastructure   green-open-access   inrmm-list-of-tags  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Flora Hellenica vol I

edited by A. Strid, K. Tan

Traditional agroforestry systems and their evolution in Greece

In Agroforestry in Europe, Vol. 6 (2009), pp. 89-109,


Agroforestry systems are a traditional land use practice in Greece. They are widely distributed all over the country and constitute important elements of the rural landscape. They include all three types of systems: silvoarable involving trees and crops grown on arable land, silvopastoral involving trees and pasture/animals grown on forest and arable land and agrosilvopastoral involving trees, crops and grazing animals grown on arable land. Trees may be forest species or cultivated trees grown for fruits, naturally regenerating or planted, evergreen ...


Application of the revised universal soil loss equation model on landslide prevention. An example from N. Euboea (Evia) Island, Greece

In Environmental Earth Sciences, Vol. 70, No. 7. (2013), pp. 3255-3266,
Keywords: greece   landslides   soil-loss  

On the Holocene vegetation history of the Argive Plain (Peloponnese, southern Greece)

In Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, Vol. 2, No. 4. (1993), pp. 187-203,

Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oils of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Growing in Greece

In Natural Products in the New Millennium: Prospects and Industrial Application, Vol. 47 (2002), pp. 235-239,

Distribution, ecology and synecology of Ostrya carpinifolia in Greece

Acta Botanica Hungarica, Vol. 31, No. 1-4. (1985), pp. 339-347

Structure and development patterns analysis of the Ostrya carpinifolia pure and mixed stands in the western part of Nestos valley

Silva Gandavensis, Vol. 65 (2000), pp. 128-153


The study was conducted in Ostrya carpinifolia (pure and mixed) stands in the slopes of the western part of Nestos valley (in the region of Xanthi). In order to analyze the structure and the development patterns of our stands, 41 plots were established, trees were cut, increment cores were taken, and stem analysis was conducted in 3 couples of dominant (competitive) trees. The main results ...


Chorology of trees and shrubs in Greece


Identifying plant communities of thermophilous deciduous forest in Greece: Species composition, distribution, ecology and syntaxonomy

Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, Vol. 142, No. 2. (1 July 2008), pp. 228-254,


Abstract Thermophilous deciduous forest is widespread in northern mainland Greece and extends in patches further south to Peloponnisos and the bigger islands. In this paper, we provide a phytosociological survey of the plant communities of deciduous oak and mixed forest throughout Greece, based on about 370 relevés from the literature and more than 300 personal unpublished ones. Assocation names of the thermophilous deciduous forest are re-evaluated, and syntaxonomic conclusions added. The relevés are classified, and 13 associations and several additional subtypes ...


The mountain woodlands of western Crete - plant communities, forest goods, grazing impact and conservation

Phytocoenologia, Vol. 41, No. 2. (June 2011), pp. 73-115,


The aim of this study is to classify and describe plant communities of mountain woodlands in the western half of Crete and to relate their species composition to environmental factors with particular reference to grazing. From a total of 232 original phytosociological relevés we classifi ed eight plant communities (plus several subunits). The plant communities were assigned to associations of the class Quercetea ilicis, herein specifi cally to the alliances Erico-Quercion ilicis, Quercion calliprini and Aceri-Cupression sempervirentis. Correspondence analysis revealed a ...


Contribution on the research of natural distribution of the horsechestnut tree (Aesculus hippocastanum L.) in Greece

Phytologia Balcanica, Vol. 13, No. 2. (2007), pp. 11-17


Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) is an endemic species to Greece. The information on its natural distribution in Greece is limited. After a destructiveprimary pest of horse chestnut, the leaf miner Cameraria ohridella, has spread in recent years almost all over Europe, much attention has been focused on the natural gene pool of the host. In a study of its distribution in Greece during the period 2001-2004, we found 37 new scattered locations of natural trees, in small ...


Site quality assessment of degraded Quercus frainetto stands in central Greece

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Vol. 8, No. 1. (02 February 2015), pp. 53-58,


The potential yield of a site is measured by site index, which is defined as the dominant height of a stand at a base age. A site index model for site quality assessment of Quercus frainetto (Hungarian oak) stands in central Greece was developed using a base age of 50 years. Data were collected from 39 temporary sample plots of 10 x 10 m. Linear regression models widely used in site index studies were fitted to height-age data. The adjusted coefficient ...


Modelling the Growth of Quercus frainetto in Greece

In Sustainable Forest Management (2006), pp. 373-395,


Coppice forests are degraded, low output forests. They fulfill poorly their environmental, social and productive functions, and conversion into high forests will improve them. Quercus frainetto (Ten.) is the most important oak in Greece, representing 13% of the standing volume. The objective of this chapter is to introduce the new modeling technology in Greece and to adapt the Austrian individual-tree, distance-dependent simulator MOSES for modeling the development of Qu. frainetto. The data for this study came from 25 permanent experimental plots ...


Insects producing honeydew exploited by bees in Greece

Apidologie, Vol. 14, No. 2. (1983), pp. 93-103
Keywords: greece   hemiptera   honey   honeydew   insects  


More than 65 °% 1 of the honey in Greece derives from honeydew of insects. In a research work, started in 1977 and continued until now, 32 species of insects have been identified which produce honeydew exploited by bees. All these insects belong to the order Hemiptera : Homoptera and to the superfamilies Aphidoidea, Coccoidea, Psylloidea and Aleyroidea. Among these 32 species, the most important from the point of the honey production, are : The coccids Marchalina hellenica (Gen.) and Phy.sokermes ...


An evaluation of the pesera soil erosion model and its application to a case study in Zakynthos, Greece

Soil Use and Management, Vol. 21, No. 4. (01 December 2005), pp. 377-385,
Keywords: greece   pesera   soil-erosion   soil-resources  


The Pan-European Soil Erosion Risk Assessment (pesera) model was evaluated using existing soil erosion data collected under various types of climate, vegetation, landscape and soil conditions. The data used represent a variety of typical Mediterranean land uses such as winter wheat, vines, olives and bare, stony land prevailing in hilly areas. Using this data, the model was calibrated for sediment transport by overland flow and results compared to measured soil erosion values from runoff plots and a watershed on a monthly ...


A MODIS assessment of the summer 2007 extent burned in Greece

International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 29, No. 8. (25 March 2008), pp. 2433-2436,
Keywords: burnt-scar-mapping   data   dataset   effis   greece   modis   wildfires  


Devastating fires affected Greece in the summer 2007, with the loss of more than 60 human lives, the destruction of more than 100 villages and hundreds of square kilometres of forest burned. This Letter presents a map of the extent burned and the approximate day of burning in Greece mapped by the MODIS burned area product for 22 June to 30 August 2007 and the burned areas mapped independently by the European Forest Fires Information Service (EFFIS). The characteristics of the ...

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INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.