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Selection: with tag gis [66 articles] 

 

Geostatistical tools to map the interaction between development aid and indices of need

  
No. 49. (2018)

Abstract

In order to meet and assess progress towards global sustainable development goals (SDGs), an improved understanding of geographic variation in population wellbeing indicators such as health status, wealth and access to resources is crucial, as the equitable and efficient allocation of international aid relies on knowing where funds are needed most. Unfortunately, in many low-income countries, detailed, reliable and timely information on the spatial distribution and characteristics of intended aid recipients are rarely available. Furthermore, lack of information on the past ...

 

Evaluating post-fire forest resilience using GIS and multi-criteria analysis: an example from Cape Sounion National Park, Greece

  
Environmental Management In Environmental Management, Vol. 47, No. 3. (4 February 2011), pp. 384-397, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-011-9614-7

Abstract

Forest fires are one of the major causes of ecological disturbance in the mediterranean climate ecosystems of the world. Despite the fact that a lot of resources have been invested in fire prevention and suppression, the number of fires occurring in the Mediterranean Basin in the recent decades has continued to markedly increase. The understanding of the relationship between landscape and fire lies, among others, in the identification of the system’s post-fire resilience. In our study, ecological and landscape data are ...

 

Development of a framework for fire risk assessment using remote sensing and geographic information system technologies

  
Ecological Modelling, Vol. 221, No. 1. (10 January 2010), pp. 46-58, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2008.11.017

Abstract

Forest fires play a critical role in landscape transformation, vegetation succession, soil degradation and air quality. Improvements in fire risk estimation are vital to reduce the negative impacts of fire, either by lessen burn severity or intensity through fuel management, or by aiding the natural vegetation recovery using post-fire treatments. This paper presents the methods to generate the input variables and the risk integration developed within the Firemap project (funded under the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology) to map wildland ...

 

Advances in remote sensing and GIS applications in support of forest fire management

  
International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 23, No. 5. (2014), 603, https://doi.org/10.1071/wf14117

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] In recent years, the importance of wildfires as a natural or a human-induced phenomenon has gained recognition not only at local but also at regional and global levels. Improved remote sensing and computational capabilities enable the rapid processing of large image datasets in near-real time. As a result, remote sensing and geographic information systems are becoming common tools for fire monitoring at local, regional and global levels [...]. [\n] Wildland fires, a hot topic of research since the early days of ...

 

Soil erosion modelling

  
In Landform Dynamics and Evolution in Romania (2017), pp. 397-423, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32589-7_17

Abstract

Surface soil erosion modelling has benefited and continues to benefit from the progress in information technology area and statistical and mathematical processing of spatial data. In Romania, quantitative studies concerning soil erosion have a tradition of over 70 years, beginning with the establishment of experimental runoff plots. An important step in the history of soil erosion research in Romania is the adaptation of the universal soil loss equation (USLE) to the specific environmental and anthropogenic conditions form our country (ROMSEM). This ...

 

Multiscale computation of solar radiation for predictive vegetation modelling

  
Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 64, No. 8. (2007), pp. 899-909, https://doi.org/10.1051/forest%3a2007072

Abstract

The recent development of large environmental databases allow the analysis of the ecological behaviour of species or communities over large territories. Solar radiation is a fundamental component of ecological processes, but is poorly used at this scale due to the lack of available data. Here we present a GIS program allowing to calculate solar radiation as well locally as at large scale, taking into account both topographical (slope, aspect, altitude, shadowing) and global (cloudiness and latitude) parameters. This model was applied ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 17

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: genetic-adaptation   genetic-algorithms   genetic-conservation   genetic-correlations   genetic-differentiation   genetic-diversity   genetic-drift   genetic-resources   genetic-structure   genetic-variability   genetic-variation   genetically-modified-organism   genetics   genipa-americana   genomics   genotype-environment-interaction   genotypic-diversity   geobotany   geoffroea-decorticans   geographic-information-systems   geographic-variation   geographical-range-limit   geographical-structure   geography-markup-language   geogrphical-range   geology   geomorphology   geonetwork   geopolitics   georgia   geoscience   geospatial   geospatial-information-services   geospatial-semantic-array-programming   geostatistics   geothermal-energy   geranium-robertianum   germany   germination   ghg   gibberella-circinata   gibbsiella-quercinecans   gibraltar   gilpinia-hercyniae   ginkgo-biloba   ginkgoopsida   gis   glacial   glacial-refugia   glaciers   gleditcia-caspica   gleditsia-spp   gleditsia-triacanthos   gliricidia-sepium   glis-glis   global-biodiversity-information-facility   global-change   global-climate-models   global-fire-emissions-database   global-scale   global-trend   global-warming   globodera-pallida   globodera-rostochiensis   glomerella-gossypii   glossary   glyptostrobus-pensilis   gmelina-arborea   gnetopsida   gnu-bash   gnu-linux   gnu-make   gnu-octave   gnu-project   gnu-r   gold-open-access   gonipterus-platensis   gonipterus-scutellatus   gonipterus-spp   google-scholar   government-policy   gplv2   gplv2orlater   gplv3   gplv3orlater   gplv3orlaterstatistics   graffenrieda-emarginata   grain   granivory   graph-theory   grass-gis   grass-gis-manual   grasslands   grazing   great-britain   greece   green-alder   green-infrastructure   green-open-access   inrmm-list-of-tags  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

European atlas of forest tree species

  
Keywords: bioeconomy   chorology   classification   climate   constrained-spatial-multi-frequency-analysis   data-heterogeneity   data-integration   data-uncertainty   disasters   disturbances   ecological-zones   ecology   ecosystem-services   europe   floods   forest-fires   forest-pests   forest-resources   free-software   geospatial   geospatial-semantic-array-programming   gis   gnu-bash   gnu-linux   gnu-octave   habitat-suitability   integrated-modelling   integrated-natural-resources-modelling-and-management   integration-techniques   knowledge-integration   landslides   mastrave-modelling-library   modelling-uncertainty   open-data   paleoecology   relative-distance-similarity   reproducible-research   review   science-policy-interface   science-society-interface   semantic-array-programming   semantic-constraints   semantics   semap   software-uncertainty   soil-erosion   soil-resources   species-distribution   tree-species   uncertainty   water-resources   windstorm  

Abstract

[Excerpt] The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is the first comprehensive publication of such a unique and essential environmental resource, that is, our trees. Leading scientists and forestry professionals have contributed in the many stages of the production of this atlas, through the collection of ground data on the location of tree species, elaboration of the distribution and suitability maps, production of the photographic material and compilation of the different chapters. The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is both ...

 

Soil erosion assessment and its verification using the Universal Soil Loss Equation and geographic information system: a case study at Boun, Korea

  
In Environmental Geology, Vol. 45, No. 4. (2004), pp. 457-465, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-003-0897-8

Abstract

This study is aimed at the evaluation of the hazard of soil erosion and its verification at Boun, Korea, using a Geographic Information System (GIS) and remote sensing. Precipitation, topographic, soil, and land use data were collected, processed, and constructed into a spatial database using GIS and remote sensing data. Areas that had suffered soil erosion were analysed and mapped using the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE). The factors that influence soil erosion are rainfall erosivitiy (R) from the precipitation database, ...

 

The integration of land change modeling framework FUTURES into GRASS GIS 7

  
In Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial - Open innovation for Europe, Vol. 12 (2015), pp. 21-24

Abstract

Many valuable models and tools developed by scientists are often inaccessible to their potential users because of non-existent sharing infrastructure or lack of documentation. Case in point is the FUTure Urban-Regional Environment Simulation (FUTURES), a patch-based land change model for generating scenario-based regional forecasts of urban growth pattern. Despite a high- impact publication, few scientists, planners, or policy makers have adopted FUTURES due to complexity in use and lack of direct access. We seek to address these issues by integrating FUTURES into GRASS GIS, a free and open source ...

References

  1. Bivand, R. (2007). Using the R–Grass interface. OSGeo Journal, 1, 36-38.
  2. Chemin, Y Petras, V., Petrasova, A., Landa, M., Gebbert, S., Zambelli, P., Neteler, M., Löwe, P., Di Leo, M. (2015). GRASS GIS: a peer-reviewed scientific platform and future research repository. Geophysical Research Abstracts 17, 8314+. INRMM-MiD:13544126
  3. Di Leo, M., de Rigo, D., Rodriguez-Aseretto, D., Bosco, C., Petroliagkis, T., Camia, A., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J. (2013). Dynamic data driven ensemble for wildfire behaviour
 

Open Source software and GIS

  
In Open source GIS a GRASS GIS approach, Vol. 773 (2008), pp. 1-6, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-3578-9_1

Abstract

Over the past decade, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) have evolved from a highly specialized niche to a technology that affects nearly every aspect of our lives, from finding driving directions to managing natural disasters. While just a few years ago the use of GIS was restricted to a group of researchers, planners and government workers, now almost everybody can create customized maps or overlay GIS data. On the other hand, many complex problems related to urban and regional planning, environmental protection, or business management, require ...

 

Climate change and the risks of Neodiprion sertifer outbreaks on Scots pine

  
Silva Fennica, Vol. 30, No. 2-3. (1996), pp. 169-177

Abstract

The European Pine Sawfly (Neodiprion sertifer) is one of the most serious defoliators of Scots pine in northern Europe. We studied the pattern in the regional occurrence of the outbreaks of N. sertifer in Finland in years 1961—90, and made predictions about the outbreak pattern to the year 2050 after predicted winter warming. We tested whether minimum winter temperatures and forest type and soil properties could explain the observed outbreak pattern. We analysed outbreak patterns at two different spatial levels: forest ...

 

Interactive comment (reply to Anonymous Referee 3) on Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility - by Bosco et al

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Discussions, Vol. 2 (2014), pp. C1786-C1795, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1379902

Abstract

Throughout the public discussion of our article Bosco et al. (Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 2, 2639-2680, 2014), the Anonymous Referee 3 provided (Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 2, C1592-C1594, 2014) a variety of insights. This work presents our replies to them. ...

 

Interactive comment (reply to Dino Torri) on Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility - by Bosco et al

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Discussions, Vol. 2 (2014), pp. C671-C688, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1379901

Abstract

During the public discussion of our article Bosco et al. (Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 2, 2639-2680, 2014), D. Torri provided numerous insights (Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss. 2, C528-C532, 2014). This work offers our replies to them. ...

 

Assessment the impact of sea level rise on mangrove dynamics of Ganges delta in India using remote sensing and GIS

  
Journal of Environment and Earth Science, Vol. 4, No. 21. (2014), pp. 117-127

Abstract

The intertidal mangrove ecosystem of Indian Sundarban is now as a critical ecosystem due to climate change induced sea level rise. The present study analyses the responses, migration, destruction and vulnerability of the four deltaic mangrove ecosystem (Bakhali, Bulcherry, Dalhausie and Bangaduni Islands) along the ocean sides. The changes of these deltaic ecosystem studied by using GIS and remote sensing with collecting data about sea level of nearest tidal gauge station Haldia (2.59 ± 1.0 mm/year) and Diamond Harbor (4.67 ± ...

References

  1. Alongi, D., 2008. Mangrove forests: resilience, protection from tsunamis, and responses to global climate change. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 76, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2007.08.024 .
  2. Bado, N. R., Froehlich, J. W., 1998. Community-Based Mangrove Rehabilitation: A Lesson Learned from East Sinjai, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Indonesia: The World Bank.
  3. Berger, U., Rivera-Monroy, V. H., Doyle, T. W., Dahdouh-guebas, F., Duke, N. C., Fontalvo Herazo, M. L., . . . Twilley, R., 2008. Advances
 

GRASS GIS: a peer-reviewed scientific platform and future research repository

  
Geophysical Research Abstracts In European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2013, Vol. 17 (2015), 8314

Abstract

Geographical Information System (GIS) is known for its capacity to spatially enhance the management of natural resources. While being often used as an analytical tool, it also represents a collaborative scientific platform to develop new algorithms. Thus, it is critical that GIS software as well as the algorithms are open and accessible to anybody [18]. We present how GRASS GIS, a free and open source GIS, is used by many scientists to implement and perform geoprocessing tasks. We will show how integrating scientific algorithms into ...

References

  1. Baker, W.L., Cai, Y., 1992. The r.le programs for multiscale analysis of landscape structure using the GRASS geographical information system. Landscape Ecology 7(4), 291-302.
  2. Cannata M., Marzocchi R., 2012. Two-dimensional dam break flooding simulation: a GIS embedded approach. Natural Hazards 61(3), 1143-1159.
  3. Chemin, Y.H., 2012. A Distributed Benchmarking Framework for Actual ET Models. In Evapotranspiration - Remote Sensing and Modeling, Intech (Eds).
  4. Chemin, Y.H., 2014.
 

Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, Vol. 15, No. 2. (4 February 2015), pp. 225-245, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-15-225-2015

Abstract

Soil erosion by water is one of the most widespread forms of soil degradation. The loss of soil as a result of erosion can lead to decline in organic matter and nutrient contents, breakdown of soil structure and reduction of the water-holding capacity. Measuring soil loss across the whole landscape is impractical and thus research is needed to improve methods of estimating soil erosion with computational modelling, upon which integrated assessment and mitigation strategies may be based. Despite the efforts, the ...

 

GRASS GIS manual: r.li

  
In GRASS Development Team, 2014. GRASS GIS 7.1svn Reference Manual (2014)

Abstract

[Excerpt] The r.li suite is a toolset for multiscale analysis of landscape structure. It aims at implementing metrics as found in external software for quantitative measures of landscape structure like FRAGSTATS (McGarigal and Marks 1995). [\n] The r.li suite offers a set of patch and diversity indices. It supports analysis of landscapes composed of a mosaic of patches, but, more generally, the modules work with any two-dimensional raster map whose cell values are integer (e.g., 1, 2) or floating point (e.g., 1.1, ...

 

GRASS GIS manual: v.surf.rst

  
In GRASS Development Team, 2014. GRASS GIS 7.1svn Reference Manual (2014)

Abstract

v.surf.rst - Performs surface interpolation from vector points map by splines. Spatial approximation and topographic analysis from given point or isoline data in vector format to floating point raster format using regularized spline with tension. ...

 

Using soil erosion modeling for improved conservation planning: a GIS-based tutorial

  
(2001)

Abstract

Spatially and temporally explicit predictive abilities are needed to prevent and mitigate land degradation, off-site damage, and unsafe military training environments caused by excessive erosion, deposition, and runoff. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Engineering Research and Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, in collaboration with instrumental research partners at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Geographic Modeling Systems Lab, has made considerable progress in developing predictive erosion/deposition modeling capabilities. [\n] This report, "Using Soil Erosion Modeling for Improved Conservation Planning: ...

 

Modelling of stream run-off and sediment output for erosion hazard assessment in Lesser Himalaya: need for sustainable land use plan using remote sensing and GIS: a case study

  
Natural Hazards, Vol. 59, No. 3. (11 May 2011), pp. 1277-1297, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-011-9833-5

Abstract

Assessment and inventory on soil erosion hazard are essential for the formulation of successful hazard mitigation plans and sustainable development. The objective of this study was to assess and map soil erosion hazard in Lesser Himalaya with a case study. The Dabka watershed constitutes a part of the Kosi Basin in the Lesser Himalaya, India, in district Nainital has been selected for the case illustration. The average rate of erosion hazard is 0.68 mm/year or 224 tons/km2/year. Anthropogenic and geo-environmental factors have together ...

 

GRASS GIS manual: r.watershed

  
In GRASS Development Team, 2014. GRASS GIS 7.1svn Reference Manual (2014)

Abstract

r.watershed - Calculates hydrological parameters and RUSLE factors. ...

 

GRASS GIS manual: r.slope.aspect

  
In GRASS Development Team, 2014. GRASS GIS 7.1svn Reference Manual (2004)

Abstract

r.slope.aspect - Generates raster maps of slope, aspect, curvatures and partial derivatives from an elevation raster map. Aspect is calculated counterclockwise from east. ...

References

  1. Horn, B. K. P. (1981). Hill Shading and the Reflectance Map, Proceedings of the IEEE, 69(1):14-47.
  2. Mitasova, H. (1985). Cartographic aspects of computer surface modeling. PhD thesis. Slovak Technical University , Bratislava
  3. Hofierka, J., Mitasova, H., Neteler, M., 2009. Geomorphometry in GRASS GIS. In: Hengl, T. and Reuter, H.I. (Eds), Geomorphometry: Concepts, Software, Applications. Developments in Soil Science, vol. 33, Elsevier, 387-410 pp, http://www.geomorphometry.org
 

Global scientific production on GIS research by bibliometric analysis from 1997 to 2006

  
Journal of Informetrics, Vol. 2, No. 1. (January 2008), pp. 65-74, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joi.2007.10.001
Keywords: bibliometrics   geospatial   gis  

Abstract

A bibliometric analysis was applied in this work to evaluate global scientific production of geographic information system (GIS) papers from 1997 to 2006 in any journal of all the subject categories of the Science Citation Index compiled by Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), Philadelphia, USA. ‘GIS’ and ‘geographic information system’ were used as keywords to search parts of titles, abstracts, or keywords. The published output analysis showed that GIS research steadily increased over the past 10 years and the annual paper ...

 

ArcPy

  
(2014)
Keywords: geospatial   gis   library   python  

Abstract

ArcPy is a site package that builds on (and is a successor to) the successful arcgisscripting module. Its goal is to create the cornerstone for a useful and productive way to perform geographic data analysis, data conversion, data management, and map automation with Python. This package provides a rich and native Python experience offering code completion (type a keyword and a dot to get a pop-up list of properties and methods supported by that keyword; select one to insert it) and reference ...

 

GRASS GIS manual: r.horizon

  
In GRASS Development Team, 2013. GRASS GIS 6.4.3svn Reference Manual (2013)

Abstract

r.horizon - Horizon angle computation from a digital elevation model. Computes horizon angle height from a digital elevation model. The module has two different modes of operation: 1. Computes the entire horizon around a single point whose coordinates are given with the 'coord' option. The horizon height (in radians). 2. Computes one or more raster maps of the horizon height in a single direction. The input for this is the angle (in degrees), which is measured counterclockwise with east=0, north=90 etc. The ...

 

A proposed method for modelling the hydrologic response of catchments to burning with the use of remote sensing and GIS

  
CATENA, Vol. 70, No. 3. (August 2007), pp. 396-409, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2006.11.008

Abstract

Forest fires can have significant effects on the hydrological response of catchments, resulting in many cases in severe land degradation, flooding and soil erosion. These post-fire hazards often cause extensive damage to public and private property and urban infrastructure, thus carefully planned and designed mitigation activities are required for reducing their magnitude. This study presents a method for the quantitative estimation and mapping of post-fire erosion and runoff, which can provide the basis for the planning of these mitigation activities. Within ...

 

Remote Sensing and GIS for Natural Hazards Assessment and Disaster Risk Management

  
In Remote Sensing and GIScience in Geomorphology, Vol. 3 (2013), pp. 259-298, https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-374739-6.00051-8

Abstract

The world has experienced an increasing impact of disasters in the past decades. Many regions are exposed to natural hazards, each with unique characteristics. The main causes for this increase can be attributed to a higher frequency of extreme hydro-meteorological events, most probably related to climate change and an increase in a vulnerable population. To reduce disaster losses, more efforts should be applied toward disaster-risk management, with a focus on hazard assessment, elements-at-risk mapping, and vulnerability and risk assessment, all of ...

 

Connectivity of Natura 2000 forest sites in Europe

  
F1000Posters, Vol. 2014, No. 5. (Jun 2014), 485, https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1063300

Abstract

[Background/Purpose]: In the context of the European Biodiversity policy, the Green Infrastructure Strategy is one supporting tool to mitigate fragmentation, inter-alia to increase the spatial and functional connectivity between protected and unprotected areas. The Joint Research Centre has developed an integrated model to provide a macro-scale set of indices to evaluate the connectivity of Natura 2000 network, which forms the backbone of a Green Infrastructure for Europe. The model allows a wide assessment and comparison to be performed across country in terms ...

References

  1. Bennett, J., 2010. OpenStreetMap. Packt Publishing. ISBN: 978-1-84719-750-4
  2. Bennett, G., Bento Pais, R., Berry, P Didicescu, P. S., Fichter, M., Hlavᡠ, V., Hoellen, K., Jones-Walters, L., Miko, L., Onida, M., Plesník, J., Smith, D., Wakenhut, F., 2010. Green Infrastructure Implementation: Proceedings of the European Commission Conference 19 November 2010. (Ed: Karhu, J.). European Commission, 28 pp. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/ecosystems/green_infrastructure.htm
  3. de Rigo, D., 2012. Applying semantic constraints to array programming: the
 

GRASS GIS manual: r.watershed

  
In GRASS Development Team, 2014. GRASS GIS 7.0.0svn Reference Manual (2014)

Abstract

r.watershed - Calculates hydrological parameters and RUSLE factors. ...

 

Prolegomena to sediment and flow connectivity in the landscape: A GIS and field numerical assessment

  
CATENA, Vol. 75, No. 3. (15 November 2008), pp. 268-277, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2008.07.006

Abstract

This paper presents two new definitions of sediment and water flux connectivity (from source through slopes to channels/sinks) with examples of applications to sediment fluxes. The two indices of connectivity are operatively defined, one (IC) that can be calculated in a GIS environment and represents a connectivity assessment based on landscape's information, and another that can be evaluated in the field (FIC) through direct assessment. While IC represent a potential connectivity characteristic of the local landscape, since nothing is used to ...

 

Soil erosion assessment of Slovakia at a regional scale using GIS

  
Ecology (Bratislava), Vol. 21, No. 4. (2002), pp. 404-422
Keywords: clc   gis   slovakia   soil-erosion   soil-resources   usle  

Abstract

The study presents an assessment of potential and actual soil erosion at a regional scale (1:500 000) covering the whole area of Slovakia (49 030 km2) by the GIS data integration and analysis. Potential soil erosion indicates the inherent susceptibility of land to erosion irrespective of contemporary existing land cover/management. Actual soil erosion refers to estimated contemporary erosion, taking into account the land cover and management practices that modify potential erosion. The calculation is based on principles defined in the Universal ...

 

Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Discussions, Vol. 2, No. 4. (11 April 2014), pp. 2639-2680, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhessd-2-2639-2014

Abstract

Soil erosion by water is one of the most widespread forms of soil degradation. The loss of soil as a result of erosion can lead to decline in organic matter and nutrient contents, breakdown of soil structure and reduction of the water holding capacity. Measuring soil loss across the whole landscape is impractical and thus research is needed to improve methods of estimating soil erosion with computational modelling, upon which integrated assessment and mitigation strategies may be based. Despite the efforts, ...

 

Supporting EFSA assessment of the EU environmental suitability for exotic forestry pests: final report

  
EFSA Supporting Publications, Vol. 11, No. 3. (19 March 2014), 434E, https://doi.org/10.2903/sp.efsa.2014.EN-434

Abstract

An updated series of distribution maps of more than 50 taxa, mainly of forest tree species, is presented along with the description of involved materials, inventory data and ancillary datasets, data-processing and modelling methods. Different methodologies are discussed and corresponding specific maps are presented for supporting the assessment on emerging plant pest risks. Updated maps of taxa habitat suitability are also presented. Maps, material and methods for supporting the risk assessment on Phytophthora ramorum for the European territory and for supporting ...

References

  1. Abelleira, A., Picoaga, A., Mansilla, J. P., Aguin, O., 2011. Detection of Bursaphelenchus Xylophilus, Causal Agent of Pine Wilt Disease on Pinus pinaster in Northwestern Spain. Plant Disease 95 (6), 776. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-12-10-0902
  2. Athar, M., Nasir, S. M., 2005. Taxonomic perspective of plant species yielding vegetable oils used in cosmetics and skin care products. African Journal of Biotechnology 4 (1) 36-44.
  3. Badal, E., 2001. La recolección de piñas durante
 

Mapping soil erosion susceptibility using remote sensing and GIS: a case of the Upper Nam Wa Watershed, Nan Province, Thailand

  
Environmental Geology In Environmental Geology, Vol. 57, No. 3. (2009), pp. 695-705, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-008-1348-3

Abstract

Land degradation is still a very common problem in the mountains of Asia because of inappropriate land use practice in steep topography. Many studies have been carried out to map shifting cultivation and areas susceptible to soil erosion. Mostly, estimated soil loss is taken as the basis to classify the level of soil loss susceptibility of area. Factors that influence soil erosion are: rainfall erosivity, soil erodibility, slope length and steepness, crop management and conservation practices. Thus the reliability of estimated ...

 

Environmental Modeling Using Open Source Tools

  
Encyclopedia of GIS In Encyclopedia of GIS (2008), pp. 275-279, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-35973-1_355

Abstract

[Definition] Geospatial data can include socioeconomic, environmental, geophysical, and technical data about the Earth and societal infrastructure and hence is pivotal in environmental modeling and management (EMM). Desktop, web-based, and embedded geospatial systems have become an essential part of EMM, providing pre- or post-processing of geospatial data, analysis and visualization of results using a graphical user interface (GUI). When combined with the growing culture of free and open source software (FOSS), this combination of geographic information systems) GIS and environmental modeling ...

 

European Validation of Land Cover Changes in CLC2006 Project

  
In Remote Sensing and Geoinformation not only for Scientific Cooperation (2011)
edited by Lena Halounová

Abstract

CORINE Land Cover 2006 is the third European Land Cover inventory (1990, 2000 and 2006). The number of participating countries is increasing, at present being nominally 39. New countries (CH, IS, NO, TR) not participating previous CLC inventories have joined the project. At the time of writing of this abstract (December 2010) 37 countries have finished CLC2006. CLC2006 project is co-financed by EEA and member countries, and covers 5.8 Mkm2 of the European continent. For production of CLC-Change2000-2006 database “change-mapping first” visual ...

 

Soil erosion risk scenarios in the Mediterranean environment using RUSLE and GIS: an application model for Calabria (Southern Italy)

  
Geomorphology, Vol. 112, No. 3-4. (26 November 2009), pp. 228-245, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2009.06.009

Abstract

Soil erosion by water (WSE) has become a relevant issue at the Mediterranean level. In particular, natural conditions and human impact have made the Calabria (southern Italy) particularly prone to intense WSE. The purpose of this investigation is to identify areas highly affected by WSE in Calabria by comparing the scenarios obtained by assuming control and preventive measures and actions, as well as actual conditions generated by forest fires, also in the presence of conditions of maximum rainfall erosion. Geographic Information ...

 

Fire modeling and information system technology

  
International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 10, No. 4. (2001), pp. 343-352, https://doi.org/10.1071/WF01033

Abstract

Fire modeling and information system technology play an important supporting role in fuel and fire management. Modeling is used to examine alternative fuel treatment options, project potential ecosystem changes, and assess risk to life and property. Models are also used to develop fire prescriptions, conduct prescribed fire operations, and predict fire behavior. Fire models and information systems have greatly influenced fuel assessment methods. As an example, we examine the evolution of technology used to put Rothermel’s fire spread model into application. ...

 

Application of GIS tools for Leça River Basin soil erosion (Northern Portugal) evaluation

  
WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 124 (18 August 2009), pp. 267-278, https://doi.org/10.2495/rm090251

Abstract

Applying GIS-based RUSLE methodology, the main goal of the present study is to forecast soil loss and identify areas of high erosion potential in the Leça River Basin, located in Northern Portugal. The rasterlayered model was structured in ArcGIS for two different scales: grid cell sizes of 10 and 30 meters. The average annual soil loss in Leça River Basin was estimated at 33.2 t/ha, which produces a sediment yield of 52 000 m3/year. It was also estimated that 31% of ...

 

Riparian zones Where green and blue networks meet: pan-European zonation modelling based on remote sensing and GIS

  
EUR - Scientific and Technical Research, Vol. 24774, No. JRC 63959. (2011), https://doi.org/10.2788/80271

Abstract

This Technical Report presents a new riparian zonation model for Europe based on satellite remote sensing and GIS techniques. Riparian zones are key ecological systems that provide a wide array of ecosystem services tosociety and the natural environment, as well as being fundamental structural elements of the European Green Infrastructure. The zonation model is based on a multi-layer approach, which takes into account a series of descriptive attributes and assigns a degree of belonging to the riparian zone class based on ...

 

Delivering the goods: scaling out results of natural resource management research

  
Ecology and Society, Vol. 5, No. 2. (2001), 19+

Abstract

To help integrated natural resource management (INRM) research "deliver the goods" for many of the world's poor over a large area and in a timely manner, the authors suggest a problem-solving approach that facilitates the scaling out of relevant agricultural practices. They propose seven ways to foster scaling out: (1) develop more attractive practices and technologies through participatory research (2) balance supply-driven approaches with resource user demands, (3) use feedback to redefine the research agenda, (4) encourage support groups and networks ...

 

Modelling soil erosion using the Universal Soil Loss Equation and a geographic information system: the Kinnarasani river watershed, Andhra Pradesh, India

  
(2007)
Keywords: gis   india   land-cover   modelling   soil-erosion   soil-resources   usle  

Abstract

Soil erosion is a global problem, with grave consequences for the environment, human society and the economy. It is possible to identify areas with a high risk of soil erosion using computer models and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). This study models soil erosion on the Kinnarasani river’s watershed, in semi arid tropical India. It uses the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) and establishes the different parameters using mostly freely accessible data. The results are verified visually in the field. Perspectives for ...

 

GRASS GIS manual: r.sun

  
In GRASS Development Team, 2013. GRASS GIS 6.4.3svn Reference Manual (2007)

Abstract

r.sun - Solar irradiance and irradiation model. Computes direct (beam), diffuse and reflected solar irradiation raster maps for given day, latitude, surface and atmospheric conditions. ...

 

Multidisciplinary investigations in evaluating landslide susceptibility—An example in the Serchio River valley (Italy)

  
Quaternary International, Vol. 171-172 (August 2007), pp. 52-63, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2006.10.018

Abstract

The proposed experimental study is aimed at contributing to the landslide susceptibility evaluation using a multidisciplinary approach: geological, geomorphological and geo-engineering survey, together with multivariate statistical analysis and GIS technique. It is included in a wider research project, aimed at defining the landslide hazard in the area of the map no. 250 “Castelnuovo di Garfagnana” (1:50 000 scale). This study is based on the realization of a landslides inventory map and statistical data analysis using probabilistic methods. The methodology applied in ranking ...

 

AIGIS-based methodology for natural terrain landslide susceptibilitymapping in Hong Kong

  
Episodes, Vol. 24, No. 3. (2001), pp. 150-158

Abstract

This paper presents a novel application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Geographic Information System (GIS) to the mapping of natural terrain landslide susceptibility in Hong Kong. The method is applied to the central part of Lantau Island as a pilot study. First, we discuss the key technical concepts of AI and GIS, the advantages of their integrated application, and the growing importance of remote sensing data. We then describe the working procedure including the construction of the GIS database, pre-treatment of ...

 

Effects of land-use changes on landslides in a landslide-prone area (Ardesen, Rize, NE Turkey)

  
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment In Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 156, No. 1-4. (2009), pp. 241-255, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0481-5

Abstract

Various natural hazards such as landslides, avalanches, floods and debris flows can result in enormous property damages and human casualties in Eastern Black Sea region of Turkey. Mountainous topographic character and high frequency of heavy rain are the main factors for landslide occurrence in Ardesen, Rize. For this reason, the main target of the present study is to evaluate the landslide hazards using a sequence of historical aerial photographs in Ardesen (Rize), Turkey, by Photogrammetry and Geographical Information System (GIS). Landslide ...

 

Risk and vulnerability to natural hazards : theoretical backround and applied methods for the identification of the most endangered populations in two case studies at different scales

  
(2008)

Abstract

Disasters are of major global concern and reducing disaster risk is an urgent priority for the humanitarian/development community worldwide. Nearly every country in the world is affected by natural hazards but natural disasters cause most damage and fatalities in developing countries. For the sake of improved disaster management and the reduction of disaster impacts it is necessary to know where the people who are most at risk are living. Therefore, the focus of this book is on populations threatened by natural ...

 

GRASS GIS manual: r.ros

  
In GRASS Development Team, 2013: GRASS GIS 6.4.3svn Reference Manual (2009)

Abstract

r.ros - Generates three, or four raster map layers showing 1) the base (perpendicular) rate of spread (ROS), 2) the maximum (forward) ROS, 3) the direction of the maximum ROS, and optionally 4) the maximum potential spotting distance. ...

 

GRASS GIS manual: r.spread

  
In GRASS Development Team, 2013. GRASS GIS 6.4.3svn Reference Manual (2006)

Abstract

r.spread - Simulates elliptically anisotropic spread on a graphics window and generates a raster map of the cumulative time of spread, given raster maps containing the rates of spread (ROS), the ROS directions and the spread origins. It optionally produces raster maps to contain backlink UTM coordinates for tracing spread paths. ...

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