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Selection: with tag forest-types [58 articles] 


European Forest Types: toward an automated classification

Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 75, No. 1. (2018), pp. 1-14,


[Key message] The outcome of the present study leads to the application of a spatially explicit rule-based expert system (RBES) algorithm aimed at automatically classifying forest areas according to the European Forest Types (EFT) system of nomenclature at pan-European scale level. With the RBES, the EFT system of nomenclature can be now easily implemented for objective, replicable, and automatic classification of field plots for forest inventories or spatial units (pixels or polygons) for thematic mapping. [Context] Forest Types classification systems are aimed at stratifying ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 16

(February 2014)
Keywords: forest-management   forest-pathogens   forest-pests   forest-product   forest-regeneration   forest-reproductive-material   forest-resource-information   forest-resources   forest-species   forest-species-composition   forest-structure   forest-succession   forest-types   forest-watering   forestcommunities   forestry   forestry-statistics   fortran   foss   fossil-energy   fossil-resources   fp7-european-research-project   fracking   fractal   fragmentation   fragmented-world   frainetto   france   frangula-alnus   frangula-spp   fraxinus-angustifolia   fraxinus-augustifolia   fraxinus-excelsior   fraxinus-mandshurica   fraxinus-ornus   fraxinus-pennsylvanica   fraxinus-spp   free-access   free-access-book   free-riders   free-science-metrics   free-scientific-knowledge   free-scientific-software   free-software   free-software-directory   free-software-license-definition   freebsd   freedom   freemat   freeze-protection   french-alps   frequency   frost   frost-damage   frost-resistance   frost-sensitivity   fruticosa   fuel   fuel-moisture   fuelwood   functional-connectivity   functional-descriptors   functional-programming   functional-traits   funding   fungal-decay   fungal-diseases   fungi   fusarium-circinatum   fusarium-lateritium   future   future-climatic-envelopes   future-earth   future-fire-activity   future-internet   future-trends   fuzzy   gaia   galanthus-plicatus   galicia   gall-attributes   game-theory   garbage-in-garbage-out   gardening   gargano   garrulus-glandarius   gbif   gc-ms   gcm   gdal   gemmae-populi   gender-biases   gene-bank   gene-conservation   general-relation   generalized-additive-model   generalized-additive-models   generalized-linear-model   generalized-linear-models   inrmm-list-of-tags  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Prospects for harmonized biodiversity assessments using national forest inventory data

In National Forest Inventories: Contributions to Forest Biodiversity Assessments, Vol. 20 (2011), pp. 41-97,


Following selection of the 13 biodiversity variables that were evaluated as both important and feasible for assessment by NFIs and grouping them into essential features, additional information was solicited regarding the degree to which the 13 variables are currently assessed by NFIs. The objective was to evaluate the prospects for harmonized estimates of biodiversity indicators based on these variables. The prospects varied considerably depending on the particular variable and essential feature. The evaluations produced positive harmonization possibilities for forest categories and ...


European Forest Types and Forest Europe SFM indicators: tools for monitoring progress on forest biodiversity conservation

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 321 (June 2014), pp. 145-157,


Since 2003 the MCPFE-Forest Europe process has adopted a set of Pan-European Indicators that has become a policy instrument to monitor, evaluate and report progress towards sustainable forest management (SFM). Two new experimental tools have been introduced in the framework of the «State of Forests and Sustainable Forest Management in Europe 2011»: (i) pilot reporting by 14 classes of European Forest Types (EFTs) for a selection of quantitative SFM indicators; (ii) key parameters for monitoring progress for all quantitative indicators. The main ...


Holm oak and holm oak forests: an introduction

In Ecology of Mediterranean Evergreen Oak Forests, Vol. 137 (1999), pp. 3-14,


Why should we study the Mediterranean evergreen forests of holm oak (Quercus ilex L.)? Besides the pursuit of knowledge, two major reasons can be put forward. First, holm oak forests are a dominant type of vegetation in a transition zone between temperate forests, mostly dominated by deciduous trees and the scrublands (maquis, chaparral, phrygana, etc.) that herald the tropical regions. In this transition zone, plants have had to cope with a selective pressure resulting from a double stress - winter cold ...


Le vegetazioni erbacee e gli arbusteti italiani - Tipologie fitosociologiche ed ecologia



Volume rivolto in primo luogo agli studenti universitari di corsi che si occupano di vegetazione, ma può costituire un termine di confronto anche per ricercatori e docenti. Contiene una sintesi fitosociologica di vegetazioni arbustive ed erbose. Inizia con la classificazione fitosociologica degli arbusteti temperati e si estende alle fitocenosi erbacee di diversi ambienti: prati, pascoli, garighe e steppe temperate e mediterranee, paludi d’acqua dolce e salmastra, dune sabbiose costiere, rocce, calanchi, campi, incolti. Include 35 tabelle esemplificative della composizione floristica, di ...


Tilio platyphylli-Acerion pseudoplatani Klika

In Süddeutsche Pflanzengesellschaften, Band 4: Wälder und Gebüsche (1992), pp. 173-192


Mit Teil IV der "Süddeutschen Pflanzengesellschaften" wird dieses pflanzensoziologische Standardwerk in zweiter, völlig neu bearbeiteter und stark erweiterter Auflage abgeschlossen. Die drei Autoren haben tausende Vegetationsaufnahmen zu vielen synthetischen Tabellen verarbeitet; so entsteht ein umfassendes Bild der standortsbedingten Gliederung und geographischen Abwandlung der Wald- und Gebüschgesellschaften, das vielfach weit über Süddeutschland hinaus die Gesamtstruktur wichtiger Einheiten umfaßt und damit ein unentbehrliches Vergleichsmaterial für weite Gebiete Europas bereitstellt. Gerade die Wälder bieten - als von Natur aus in Mitteleuropa absolut dominante Vegetationsformation ...


Die Pflanzengesellschaften Österreichs - Teil III - Wälder und Gebüsche


Waldgesellschaften der Schweiz auf floristischer Grundlage. Statistisch überarbeitete Fassung der "Waldgesellschaften und Waldstandorte der Schweiz" von Heinz Ellenberg und Frank Klötzli (1972)

Mitteilung der Eidgenossischen Forschung fur Wald, Schnee und Landschaft, Vol. 73, No. 2. (1998), pp. 91-357


Classification of Swiss forest vegetation with floristic data In their classification of Swiss forest vegetation, Ellenberg and Klötzli (1972) defined 71 communities based on floristic, physiognomic and ecological considerations. Since the publi- cation appeared, the classification system served as a reference for ecological and silvicultural studies. We tested the original vegetation data for statistical reliability, and incorporated ...


Der Schluchtwald und der Bach-Eschenwald


European forest types: Categories and types for sustainable forest management reporting and policy



The European forest types — Categories and types for sustainable forest management reporting and policy presents the findings of a study carried out by an international consortium of experts aimed at providing the Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe (MCPFE) with an user‑friendly forest types classification. The primary goal of the scheme is to improve the MCPFE reporting on sustainable forest management (SFM) in Europe, with special regard to forest type based SFM indicators. ...


I boschi d’Italia: sinecologia e biodiversità


Les ostryaies de l'ordre des Quercetalia pubescentis de l'arrière-pays de Nice et de Menton

Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France. Lettres Botaniques, Vol. 130, No. 2. (1 January 1983), pp. 137-152,


Etude des forêts d'Ostrya carpinifolia existant entre la vallée du Var et la frontière italienne et qui appartiennent à l'ordre des Quercetalia pubescentis. 162 relevés ont montré que ces forêts constituent une association bien différenciée, le Seslcrio argentcae-Ostryetum, dans laquelle on peut distinguer, selon l'altitude, deux sous-associations: l'une (campanuletosum persicifoliae) au-dessus de 500–600 m et jusqu'à 1 200 m, l'autre (peucedanctosum veneti) au-dessous de 500–600 m. Ces forêts contiennent beaucoup d'espèces subméditerranéennes, eurasiatiques et eurosibériennes et peu d'espèces méditerranéennes. Elles sont ...


La vegetazione forestale del Veneto - Prodromi di tipologia forestale


La vegetazione dell'Aspromonte - studio fitosociologico



Monografia interamente dedicata allo studio dei tipi di vegetazione del massiccio calabrese; per ogni fitocenosi vengono descritte le caratteristiche floristiche, ecologiche e dinamiche, nonché l'entità della sua distribuzione sul territorio. E' un lavoro specialistico di grande interesse, corredato da numerosi rilievi fitosociologici, disegni e belle illustrazioni; da leggere per chi si vuole fare un'idea dei metodi della moderna fitosociologia. ...


The Querco-Fagetea class in Sicily: an example of boreal-temperate vegetation in the central Mediterranean area

Annali di Botanica, Vol. 2 (2012), pp. 19-38,


A syntaxonomical revision of the class Querco-Fagetea sylvaticae in Sicily, based on literature data and unpublished relevés, is presented. This class groups the mesophilous woods characterized by the dominance of deciduous trees (e.g. Fagus sylvatica, Quercus sp. pl., Acer sp. pl.), and more rarely by conifers (Taxus baccata, Pinus nigra subsp. calabrica), as well as by other broadleaved trees, such as Betula aetnensis, Populus tremula, Castanea sativa. In Sicily, these woody communities are widespread in the northern and north-eastern districts of ...


Classification of Southern Italy Ostrya carpinifolia woods

Fitosociologia, Vol. 43, No. 1. (2006), pp. 3-23


Ostrya carpinifolia woods have been extensively studied in C-Italy, while they lack specific researches and a clear phytosociological scheme in the southern part of the country. We have analyzed original and published relevés from Campania and Calabria regions, and we have compared them with bibliographic data from central Italy. The existing southern Italian Ostrya-dominated associations are revised as for their character species and bioclimatic position. Floristic analysis underlines a set of biogeographically relevant species which differentiate these communities from their C-Italian ...


A phytosociological study of the Ostrya carpinifolia Scop. woods in Sardinia (Italy)

Fitosociologia, Vol. 41, No. 1. (2004), pp. 67-75


It is here presented a phytosociological study about the Ostrya carpinifolia Scop. woods of Sardinia, defining them in synphytosociological, synecological and synchorological terms. The analysis of this vegetation allowed the identification of a new association, named Cyclamino repandi-Ostryetum carpinifoliae. Within this association, three subassociations can be identified, the presence of which depends on the pedoclimatic conditions, the floristic composition and the synchorology. The typical subassociation, which can be found in the eastern Tacchi-region, has been named paeonietosum morisii, while the subassociation ...


Die Wälder und Gebüsche Österreichs



Österreich weist eine für seine Größe ganz erstaunliche Vielfalt an Waldlebensräumen auf, von den trockenwarmen Eichenwäldern der pannonischen Ebene über die mitteleuropäisch und illyrisch geprägten Laubwälder bis zu den Gebirgs-Nadelwäldern der zentralen Alpenteile. Das zweibändige Werk gibt in bisher nicht gekannter Vollständigkeit einen Überblick über die Wald- und Gebüschgesellschaften der Republik Österreich. Dahinter stehen mehr als 20.000 Vegetationsaufnahmen, die mit Hilfe von nummerischen Verfahren und durch intensive Literaturarbeit klassifiziert wurden. Die Autoren haben sich außerdem bemüht, über die Grenzen zu blicken ...


Syntaxonomy of the oak forests in the Pleven district (Danube plane in Bulgaria)

Fitosociologia, Vol. 40, No. 1. (2003), pp. 23-31


In the papers are analyzed the releves of phytocoenoses of Quercus robur and Quercus cerris from the Middle Danubian plane. Two new associations are differentiated: mesophitic, Scutellario altissimae-Quercetum roboris, on lowland platforms with aluvial soils and xerotermic, Cotyno coggygriae-Quercetum cerris, on dry hills over chernozem soils. Hereby are considered their relationships with high syntaxa and their analogy with similar associations described in Serbia and in Romania. ...


Vegetation types of dry-mesic oak forests in Slovakia

Preslia, Vol. 77 (2005), pp. 241-261


Typology of dry-mesic oak forest vegetation of Slovakia is presented. Seven vegetation types were distinguished based on a Braun-Blanquetian relevé data analysis using a TWINSPAN classification algorithm. The identified vegetation types are related to seven syntaxa traditionally used by Central European phytosociologists: dry-mesic oak forest on sandy soils – Carici fritschii-Quercetum roboris, dry-mesic oak forest on heavy soils – Potentillo albae-Quercetum, dry-mesic oak forest on basic rocky substrates – Corno-Quercetum, dry-mesic oak forest on acidic substrates – Sorbo torminalis-Quercetum, dry oak ...


The Diversity of European Vegetation: an overview of phytosociological alliances and their relationships to EUNIS habitats


Syntaxonomical checklist of vascular plant communities of Spain and Portugal to association level

Itinera Geobotanica, Vol. 14 (2001), pp. 5-341


This paper is a catalogue of all syntaxa from class to association ever described and recognized in Spain and Portugal (Iberian Peninsula, Balearic, Madeira, Azorean and Canary Islands), according with Braun-Blanquet approach (Braun-Blanquet 1964, Dierschke 1994) and the International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature (Weber, Moravec & Théurillat 2000). The literature contents near all the publications cited in this paper, particularly those of portuguese and spanish syntaxa authors. The "Syntaxonomical Checklist of Spain and Portugal", prepared during the last ten years as ...


Vascular plant communities of Spain and Portugal: addenda to the syntaxonomical checklis of 2001, Part 1

Itinera Geobotanica, Vol. 15, No. 1. (2002), pp. 5-435

Süddeutsche Pflanzengesellschaften, Band 4: Wälder und Gebüsche



Mit Teil IV der "Süddeutschen Pflanzengesellschaften" wird dieses pflanzensoziologische Standardwerk in zweiter, völlig neu bearbeiteter und stark erweiterter Auflage abgeschlossen. Die drei Autoren haben tausende Vegetationsaufnahmen zu vielen synthetischen Tabellen verarbeitet; so entsteht ein umfassendes Bild der standortsbedingten Gliederung und geographischen Abwandlung der Wald- und Gebüschgesellschaften, das vielfach weit über Süddeutschland hinaus die Gesamtstruktur wichtiger Einheiten umfaßt und damit ein unentbehrliches Vergleichsmaterial für weite Gebiete Europas bereitstellt. Gerade die Wälder bieten - als von Natur aus in Mitteleuropa absolut dominante Vegetationsformation ...


Conspectus of classes of European vegetation

Folia Geobotanica In Folia Geobotanica, Vol. 32, No. 2. (1997), pp. 117-172,


This is a first approximation to a Conspectus of classes of European vegetation. European vegetation consists, according to the present scheme, of 73 classes. An attempt was made to compile all available names of classes which have ever appeared in European phytosociological literature. The names were checked for nomenclatural accuracy. Lists of synonyms and related names are given. The classes, are characterised by a brief diagnosis, a comprehensive list of diagnostic species, and a list of basic references. Several syntaxonomic problems ...


Oak-hornbeam forests of the Czech Republic: geographical and ecological approaches to vegetation classification

Preslia, Vol. 76, No. 4. (2004), pp. 291-311


Vegetation classification should reflect the major environmental and phytogeographical gradients that influence species composition. However, the importance of different gradients depends on the geographical scale of particular studies. Locally defined vegetation units usually reflect local gradients, such as disturbance and soil properties, while regionally defined units reflect macroclimatic patterns and different evolutionary and migration histories of large regions. The classification of Central European oak-hornbeam forests (Carpinion alliance) is an example of a widely accepted, broad- scale classification with geographically delimited associations. ...


The acidophilous forests of the Mecsek and their relationship with the Balkan-Pannonian acidophilous forests

Acta Botanica Hungarica, Vol. 47, No. 3-4. (September 2005), pp. 273-368,


During the last decade, three new acidophilous forests associations were detected in the Mecsek Mts (SW Hungary), and described as acidophilous beech wood (Sorbo torminalis-Fagetum (A. O. Horvát 1963) Borhidi et Kevey in Kevey 2001), acido-mesophilous oak wood (Luzulo forsteri-Quercetum petraeae (A. O. Horvát 1963) Borhidi et Kevey 1996) and acido-xerophilous oak shrubland (Genisto pilosae-Quercetum polycarpae (A. O. Horvát 1967) Borhidi et Kevey 1996). In this article two further new associations are described: the acidophilous oakwood of the Mecsek (Viscario-Quercetum polycarpae ...


Thermophilous deciduous forests in Southeastern Europe

Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, Vol. 143, No. 1. (1 March 2009), pp. 1-13,


Abstract This paper deals with the numerical elaboration of the database of 1764 relevés of thermophilous deciduous forests assigned by the authors to the order Quercetalia pubescentis in the northwestern part of Southeastern Europe. After elimination of relevés which were dominated by mesophilous deciduous and coniferous tree species, the stratification of relevés was carried out. The TWINSPAN classification revealed eight ecologically and phytogeographically interpretable groups. Additionally the analysis of Pignatti indicator values passively projected on the PCA diagram of the eight ...


La classe Quercetea ilicis in Sicilia

Bollettino dell’Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali, Vol. 41 (2009), pp. 1-124


On the basis of literature data and numerous unpublished relevès, a syntaxonomic revision of Quercetea ilicis class in Sicily is given. The surveyed associations are represented by evergreen, deciduous o mixed plant communities forming shrubland, maquis, bushland and woodland. They are communities dominated by sclerophylls or deciduous trees, widespread from the shoreline up to 1400 (1600) m of altitude, within the bioclimatic belts between the inframediterranean dry lower one and the supramediterranean subhumid-humid one. The study, regarding all the Sicilian ...


Syntaxonomical revision of Quercetalia pubescenti-petraeae in the Italian Peninsula

Fitosociologia, Vol. 41, No. 1. (2004), pp. 87-164


This paper presents a new sintaxonomical scheme for Quercetalia pubescenti-petraeaeQuercetalia pubescenti-petraeae order occurs in the study area in the form of five alliances: Quercion pubescenti-petraeae (suball.: Buxo-Quercenion pubescentis), Carpinion orientalisCampanulo-Ostryenion, Laburno-Ostryenion stat. nov.; Lauro-Quercenion pubescentis and Cytiso-Quercenion pubescentis), Teucrio siculi-Quercion cerridis nom. conserv. propos. (suball.: Teucrio-Quercenion cerridis suball. nov., Ptilostemo-Quercenion cerridis); Pino-Quercion congestae (suball.: Pino-Quercenion congestaeQuercenion virgilianae suball. nov.) and Erythronio-Quercion petraeae. The Quercion pubescenti-petraeae is a sintaxon with a sub-continental character and within the Italian Peninsula it is restricted to ...


Identifying plant communities of thermophilous deciduous forest in Greece: Species composition, distribution, ecology and syntaxonomy

Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, Vol. 142, No. 2. (1 July 2008), pp. 228-254,


Abstract Thermophilous deciduous forest is widespread in northern mainland Greece and extends in patches further south to Peloponnisos and the bigger islands. In this paper, we provide a phytosociological survey of the plant communities of deciduous oak and mixed forest throughout Greece, based on about 370 relevés from the literature and more than 300 personal unpublished ones. Assocation names of the thermophilous deciduous forest are re-evaluated, and syntaxonomic conclusions added. The relevés are classified, and 13 associations and several additional subtypes ...


The mountain woodlands of western Crete - plant communities, forest goods, grazing impact and conservation

Phytocoenologia, Vol. 41, No. 2. (June 2011), pp. 73-115,


The aim of this study is to classify and describe plant communities of mountain woodlands in the western half of Crete and to relate their species composition to environmental factors with particular reference to grazing. From a total of 232 original phytosociological relevés we classifi ed eight plant communities (plus several subunits). The plant communities were assigned to associations of the class Quercetea ilicis, herein specifi cally to the alliances Erico-Quercion ilicis, Quercion calliprini and Aceri-Cupression sempervirentis. Correspondence analysis revealed a ...


A phytosociological study of the deciduous oak woods of Sardinia (Italy)

Fitosociologia, Vol. 41, No. 1. (2004), pp. 53-65


We present here the results from a phytosociological and synchorological study of the deciduous oak woods of Sardinia. This vegetation analysis has allowed the individuation of three new associations: Lonicero implexae-Quercetum virgilianae, Ornithogalo pyrenaici-Quercetum ichnusae and Glechomo sardoae-Quercetum congestae. The Lonicero implexae-Quercetum virgilianae association includes the woods on calcareous substrata spread throughout Northern Sardinia, which can occasionally be found in southern areas; the first of these are rich in mesophilous species and are attributed to the subassociation cyclaminetosum repandi, while the ...


Forest associations of the National Park Mavrovo in the Republic of Macedonia

In Proceedings of the International conference Integrated management of environmental resources: Suceava, November 4-6th, 2011 (2012)


In this scientific paper are observed data relatedto research conducted of the phytocoenological characteristics of the territory of the National Park Mavrovo in the Republic of Macedonia. Therefore, visited and explored were the mountain massifs: Shar Planina, Korab and Bistra. Within the completed surveys, the standard phytocoenological method of Braun-Blanquetwas used. On the teritory of the Park, authors noted and identified 28 forest communities (19% of the 148 identified plant communities in the Republic of Macedonia), ...


Syntaxonomy of hygrophilous woods of the Alno-Quercion roboris

Annali di Botanica, Vol. 57 (1999), pp. 133-146,


A syntaxonomical revision of the hygrophilous woods occurring in marshy places of the flood-plains from SE Europe is given. This vegetation is included in the Alno-Quercion roboris, alliance of the Populetalia albae, which comprises numerous associations characterized by the dominance of hard-wood trees, such as Quercus robur, Fraxinus oxycarpa, Ulmus minor, Alnus glutinosa, etc. For each association the synonyms, nomenclature type, diagnostic species, ecology, structure and chorology are given. ...


I boschi delle regioni dell'Italia centrale



La conservazione della biodiversità, la protezione della Natura e la gestione sostenibile delle foreste costituiscono temi che sempre più richiamano l´attenzione di molteplici organismi internazionali e dell´opinione pubblica, preoccupati dal progressivo degrado che lo sviluppo industriale ha provocato all´ambiente e dalle conseguenze che potranno avere i cambiamenti climatici. Questi problemi possono essere affrontati in modo più efficace conoscendo i diversi ambienti e il loro naturale funzionamento in modo da poter individuare delle linee di gestione che consentano di conservarne e migliorarne ...


I boschi delle regioni alpine italiane



La conservazione della biodiversità, la protezione della Natura e la gestione sostenibile delle foreste costituiscono temi che sempre più richiamano l´attenzione di molteplici organismi internazionali e dell´opinione pubblica, preoccupati dal progressivo degrado che lo sviluppo industriale ha provocato all´ambiente. La soluzione di questi problemi non può che derivare da una maggiore conoscenza dei diversi ambienti, dalla comprensione del loro naturale funzionamento e dall´individuazione di linee gestionali che, rispettose dei meccanismi che ne regolano la vita, consentano di conservarne e migliorarne la qualità ...


I boschi delle regioni meridionali e insulari d'Italia



La conservazione della biodiversità, la protezione della Natura e la gestione sostenibile delle foreste costituiscono temi che sempre più richiamano l'attenzione di molteplici organismi internazionali e dell'opinione pubblica, preoccupati dal progressivo degrado che lo sviluppo industriale ha provocato all'ambiente e dalle conseguenze che potranno avere i cambiamenti climatici. Questi problemi possono essere affrontati in modo più efficace conoscendo i diversi ambienti e il loro naturale funzionamento in modo da poter individuare delle linee di gestione che consentano di conservarne e migliorarne ...


Unterschiede in der Dendroflora der westlichen und östlichen Gebiete der Balkanhalbinsel

In Problems of Balkan flora and vegetation: proceedings of the first International Symposium on Balkan Flora and Vegetation, Varna, June 7-14, 1973 (1975), pp. 146-161
edited by D. Jordanov


Title: Differences in forest vegetation of the western and eastern areas of the Balkan Peninsula ...


Quartäre Vegetationsgeschichte Europas: Methoden und Ergebnisse


Syntaxonomische Revision der sudmitteleuropaischen Buchenwalder

Phytocoenologia, Vol. 32, No. 3. (September 2002), pp. 337-453


For beech forests of Central Europe (including the Illyrian region) a great number of different and more or less incompatible classification approaches can be found. In order to critically revise the syntaxonomy of Central European beech forests, a TWINSPAN analysis of 5815 relevés from all over the area (mostly compiled from literature) was made. The result corresponds with the classical conception of three main groups of beech forests: 1. thermophilous beech forests (Cephalanthero-Fagion), 2. mesophilous beech forests (Asperulo-Fagion) and 3. acidophilous ...


Forest vegetation of the Galičica mountain range in Macedonia



This book gives a detailed description of forests of the Galičica mountain range. The limestone ridge offers shelter to diverse and endemic flora and fauna. The great natural value of the region has been recognized also by authorities. The National park Galičica was founded in 1958. It extends on a surface of 250 km2 including practically the whole area. We can find also historical values in the region – Ohrid and St. Naum. ...


An overview of the geobotanical structure of Turkish Pinus sylvestris and Carpinus betulus forests

Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. 40, No. 4. (2008), pp. 1497-1520


Pinus L. and Carpinus L. are the two widely distributed genera of higher plants being represented by 80 and 170 species respectively. Th e former has 5 species in Turkey and latter 2 species namely; P.pinea, P.halepensis, utia, P.sylvestris, P.nigra ssp. pallasiana, Carpinus betulus and C.orientalis . In this paper an attempt has been made to present an overview of the geobotanical structure of Pinus sylvestris L. ...


Syntaxonomy, chorology and dynamics of Carpinus orientalis communities in Central Italy

Phytocoenologia, Vol. 31, No. 1. (2001), pp. 33-62


This paper deals with the synecological and syndynamic aspects of the Carpinus orientalis communities of the Ausoni mountains. The Ausoni are a large limestone massif of southern Lazio (Tyrrhenian district of Central Italy), the bioclimatic features of which are well suited to the ecological requirements of Carpinus orientalis. The new association Lonicero etruscae-Carpinetum orientalis is introduced here. A thermophilous aspect of this association (Lonicero-Carpinetum orientalis phillyreetosum latifoliae) is also identified. From a syndynamic standpoint Carpinus orientalis woodlands are secondary communities following ...


Les écosystèmes préforestiers et forestiers de l'Iran

Ecologia Mediterranea, Vol. 8, No. 1/2. (1982), pp. 365-380


[Excerpt] Les travaux engagés par le laboratoire de Botanique et Ecologie méditerranéenne dans le cadre de la RCP 427 du C.N.R.S. ont permis de mettre en place le canevas phytoécologique des principales formations forestières de méditerranée occidentale. [\n] Ces recherches interdisciplinaires réalisées souvent avec la collaboration active des chercheurs des principaux pays du Bassin méditerranéen oriental ont associé des Phytoécologues, des forestiers, des pédologues, des climatologues et ont donné lieu à plusieurs publications. [\n] Parmi les principales, citons: Au Liban: ABI-SALEH, BARBERO, NAHAL, QUEZEL (1 976), ABI-SALEH (1978) En ...


Ecological and phytogeographical differentiation of oak-hornbeam forests in southeastern Europe

Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, Vol. 147, No. 1. (6 August 2012), pp. 84-98,


Abstract The aim of the study was to establish the main types of oak-hornbeam (Carpinus betulus and Quercus sp. div) forests on the Apennines, Balkan peninsula and southern Alps and their correlations with the main ecological and phytogeographical gradients in the region. Furthermore, the comparison with the major types recognized in the traditional expert-based classification was done. 1676 relevés of oak-hornbeam forests (alliances Erythronio-Carpinion, Carpinion moesiacum, Physospermo verticillati-Quercion cerris) from the area of the Apennines, Balkan peninsula and southern Alps were ...


Lexikon der Baum- und Straucharten: Das Standardwerk der Forstbotanik



Das kompetente Standardwerk der Forstbotanik. Dieser Band beantwortet Fragen nach botanischen Grundlagen und gibt einen umfassenden Einblick in die Biologie der Holzpflanzen und des "Ökosystems Wald". Mit Angaben zu natürlichen Arealen, Standortansprüchen, Wuchsleistungen und Art der wirtschaftlichen Nutzung, Gattungen, Familien, Ordnungen, Baumkrankheiten. Die unzähligen Farbfotos, Zeichnungen, Karten und Tabellen lassen den Wald lebendig werden. Ein unverzichtbares Nachschlagewerk nicht nur für Angehörige der Forst-, Garten- und Landschaftsberufe, Schüler und Studenten, sondern auch für all diejenigen, die von diesem einzigartigen Ökosystem fasziniert sind. ...


Vegetace České republiky 4: Lesní a křovinná vegetace - Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4: Forest and scrub vegetation

edited by Milan Chytrý


Čtyřdílná monografie Vegetace České republiky systematicky shrnuje znalosti o typech rostlinných společenstev vyskytujících se na našem území. Popisuje jejich floristickou skladbu, ekologii, dynamiku, rozšíření a hospodářský význam ve strukturovaném textu, který je bohatě doplněn barevnými fotografiemi porostů, mapami rozšíření, grafy a srovnávacími tabulkami druhového složení. Současně navrhuje kriticky revidovanou klasifikaci rostlinných společenstev, která vznikla na základě analýzy několika desítek tisíc fytocenologických snímků obsažených v České národní fytocenologické databázi. První tři díly monografie vyšly v letech 2007 až 2011 a byly věnovány ...


Les chênaies acidophiles du Médoc

In Phytosociologie et forêsterie, Actes du colloque de Nancy 1985, Vol. 14 (1988), pp. 133-166


La connaissance écologique des milieux forestiers est d'une grande importance pour la gestion forestière. C'est pourquoi on a tenu à prendre en compte dans le cadre de ce colloque toute la chaîne qui part de l'étude des milieux jusqu'à l'utilisation des données écologiques dans la gestion. L'objectif“ pourra paraître ambitieux, voire périlleux mais il a semblé utile de montrer — d'une part les réflexions et le travail mené par les phytosociologues, — d'autre part les besoins des praticiens en matière d'étude des milieux forestiers. Le ...

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