From MFKP_wiki

Jump to: navigation, search

Selection: with tag forest-resources [more than 800 articles] 

 

Why do tree species affect soils? The Warp and Woof of tree-soil interactions

  
In Plant-induced soil changes: Processes and feedbacks, Vol. 4 (1998), pp. 89-106

Abstract

Many ideas have been advanced regarding how trees affect soils. Enough evidence is now available to evaluate the strength of these ideas and to consider interactions between tree species and soils in an evolutionary context. Forest floor mass commonly differs by about 20% for different species growing on the same site; differences of up to 5-fold have been reported. Litterfall mass and N content commonly differ by 20 to 30%, but larger differences are also common (especially with N-fixing species). The ...

 

Biogeomorphic impacts of invasive species

  
Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, Vol. 45, No. 1. (23 November 2014), pp. 69-87, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-120213-091928

Abstract

Invasive species, often recognized as ecosystem engineers, can dramatically alter geomorphic processes and landforms. Our review shows that the biogeomorphic impacts of invasive species are common, but variable in magnitude or severity, ranging from simple acceleration or deceleration of preexisting geomorphic processes to landscape metamorphosis. Primary effects of invasive flora are bioconstruction and bioprotection, whereas primary effects of invasive fauna are bioturbation, bioerosion, and bioconstruction. Land-water interfaces seem particularly vulnerable to biogeomorphic impacts of invasive species. Although not different from biogeomorphic ...

 

Plants as river system engineers

  
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 39, No. 1. (January 2014), pp. 4-25, https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3397

Abstract

Plants growing within river corridors both affect and respond to fluvial processes. Their above‐ground biomass modifies the flow field and retains sediment, whereas their below‐ground biomass affects the hydraulic and mechanical properties of the substrate and consequently the moisture regime and erosion susceptibility of the land surface. [\n] This paper reviews research that dates back to the 1950s on the geomorphological influence of vegetation within fluvial systems. During the late twentieth century this research was largely pursued through field observations, but during ...

 

Feedbacks between geomorphology and biota controlling Earth surface processes and landforms: a review of foundation concepts and current understandings

  
Earth-Science Reviews, Vol. 106, No. 3-4. (16 June 2011), pp. 307-331, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2011.03.002

Abstract

This review article presents recent advances in the field of biogeomorphology related to the reciprocal coupling between Earth surface processes and landforms, and ecological and evolutionary processes. The aim is to present to the Earth Science community ecological and evolutionary concepts and related recent conceptual developments for linking geomorphology and biota. The novelty of the proposed perspective is that (i) in the presence of geomorphologic-engineer species, which modulate sediment and landform dynamics, natural selection operating at the scale of organisms may ...

 

Pest categorisation of Guignardia laricina

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 16, No. 6. (June 2018), e05303, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5303

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of Guignardia laricina, a well‐defined and distinguishable fungal species of the family Phyllostictaceae. The pathogen is regulated in Council Directive 2000/29/EC (Annex IAI) as a harmful organism whose introduction into the EU is banned. G. laricina is native to East Asia and causes a shoot blight disease of Larix spp. Major hosts of G. laricina are European larch (Larix decidua) and two North American ...

 

Pest categorisation of Sphaerulina musiva

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 16, No. 4. (April 2018), e05247, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5247

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Plant Health Panel performed a pest categorisation of Sphaerulina musiva, a well‐defined and distinguishable fungal species of the family Mycosphaerellaceae. Following a recent phylogenetic analysis of the genus Septoria and other closely related genera, a new name (S. musiva) was introduced for the species. The former species name Mycosphaerella populorum is used in the Council Directive 2000/29/EC. The pathogen is regulated in Annex IAI as a harmful organism whose introduction into the ...

 

Pest categorisation of Melampsora medusae

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 16, No. 7. (July 2018), e05354, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5354

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Plant Health Panel performed a pest categorisation of Melampsora medusae, a well‐defined and distinguishable fungal species of the family Melampsoraceae. The pathogen is regulated in Annex IAI of Council Directive 2000/29/EC as a harmful organism whose introduction into the EU is banned. M. medusae is a heteroecious rust fungus with Populus spp. as primary telial hosts and various conifers (Larix, Pinus, Pseudotsuga, Abies, Picea and Tsuga spp.) as secondary aecial hosts. M. ...

 

Pest categorisation of Mycodiella laricis‐leptolepidis

  
EFSA Journal, Vol. 16, No. 4. (April 2018), e05246, https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5246

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Plant Health (PLH) performed a pest categorisation of Mycodiella laricis‐leptolepidis, a well‐defined and distinguishable fungal species of the family Mycosphaerellaceae. The former species name Mycosphaerella laricis‐leptolepis is used in the Council Directive 2000/29/EC. The pathogen is regulated in Annex IAI as a harmful organism whose introduction into the EU is banned. M. laricis‐leptolepidis is native to East Asia and causes a disease known as needle cast of Japanese larch (Larix ...

 

A proposal for a scalable and semantically interoperable family of indices of taxa richness

  
In Database and classification system of different types of Public Goods and Ecosystem Services in relation to farming/forestry systems - PEGASUS Deliverable 2.2 (2016), pp. 79-86

Abstract

[Excerpt] [\n] [...] In this study, we introduce a novel estimate of richness of forest tree genera, based on a harmonised dimensionless family of indices at the continental scale. Each index ranges from 0 (null richness) up to 1 (maximum potential richness) and estimates the richness of tree genera under the assumption of a uniform sampling effort, explicitlydeclared. [\n] Given a category of relevant taxa (here represented by the forest tree taxa for which harmonised pan-European information is available), the family of indicesis designed to cover with variable ...

 

Database and classification system of different types of Public Goods and Ecosystem Services in relation to farming/forestry systems - PEGASUS Deliverable 2.2

  
(2016)

Abstract

[Excerpt: Executive summary] The deliverable represents a step further towards the integrated analysis of agriculture and forestry management and ESS/PG delivery. It contains a schematic review of available information (indicators, proxies) to map ESS/PG that characterise the provision of Environmentally and Socially Beneficial Outcomes as identified in the Pegasus project. Only those ESS/PG that can be mapped through geo-spatial layers are listed. Each ESS/PG is described in detail and critically analysed, in particular with reference to its capacity to capture information ...

 

Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on the implementation of the Forest Focus scheme according to Regulation (EC) No 2152/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 November 2003 concerning monitoring of forests and environmental interactions in the Community (Forest Focus) SEC(2008) 30

  
No. COM(2008) 006 final. (22 January 2008)

Abstract

[Excerpt] [\n] [...] [Introduction and scope] This report responds to the reporting requirements of Article 19 of Regulation 2152/2003. This regulation established a Community scheme (hereinafter referred to as 'Forest Focus') for broad based harmonised and comprehensive long-term monitoring of the condition of forests for a period of 4 years from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2006. [\n] This regulation was repealed by Regulation (EC) No 614/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the Financial Instrument for the Environment (LIFE+). As ...

 

Intensive monitoring of forest ecosystems in Europe: 1 - Objectives, set-up and evaluation strategy

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 174, No. 1-3. (February 2003), pp. 77-95, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(02)00029-4
Keywords: data   ecosystem   europe   fimci   forest-resources   monitoring  

Abstract

In order to contribute to a better understanding of the impact of air pollution and other environmental factors on forest ecosystems, a Pan-European Programme for Intensive and Continuous Monitoring of Forest Ecosystems has been implemented in 1994. Results of the Programme must contribute to a European wide overview of impacts of air pollution and the further development of its control strategies, being described in air pollution protocols. Objectives of the Intensive Monitoring Programme related to air pollution are the assessment of: ...

 

FutMon Scientific Report - Further development and implementation of an EU-level forest monitoring system (FutMon)

  
(2013)
edited by Martin Lorenz

Abstract

[Excerpt: Conclusion] The implementation of the LIFE project “FutMon” by a consortium of 38 partners in 22 EU-Member States shows that the responsible Ministries and research centres in Europe are highly motivated to carry out forest monitoring based on a harmonized pan-European system which was further developed to comply with latest information needs of environment politics. Results of the further development are [::] A revised large-scale (Level I) forest monitoring involving an increased number of plots of national forest inventories (NFIs) and contributions to the NFI harmonisation; [::] ...

 

Ecological interactions between cork oak (Quercus suber L.) and stone pine (Pinus pinea L.): results from a pot experiment

  
Forests, Vol. 9, No. 9. (01 September 2018), 534, https://doi.org/10.3390/f9090534

Abstract

Portuguese cork oak (Quercus suber L.) extended mortality and lack of regeneration have been the drivers of important changes in the traditional cork oak woodlands (savanna-like) montado. The decrease in tree cover fosters the mixture with stone pine (Pinus pinea L.) for pine-nut production providing shelter for oak regeneration. The use of nurse species, namely pines, to help Quercus spp. regeneration is known, but whether cork oak could be favoured by the mixture with stone pine remains a question. A pot ...

 

Enormous wildfires spark scramble to improve fire models

  
Nature, Vol. 561, No. 7721. (31 August 2018), pp. 16-17, https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-018-06090-0

Abstract

Blazes in North America are becoming larger and more powerful. [Excerpt] [...] “Something is definitely different, and it raises questions about how much we really know,” says Max Moritz, a fire scientist at the University of California, Santa Barbara. [...] Researchers have been at a loss to explain a flurry of unusual fire behaviour in California in recent years: wildfires that burn hot throughout the night instead of settling down, as many used to; blazes that race down hillsides faster than before; ...

 

Commission Regulation (EC) No 804/94 of 11 April 1994 laying down certain detailed rules for the application of Council Regulation (EEC) No 2158/92 as regards forest-fire information systems

  
Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. 37, No. L 93. (12 April 1994), pp. 11-15

Abstract

[Excerpt] [\n] [...] [Article 1] [::1] Member States shall collect a set of information on forest fires enabling them to meet the objectives laid down in Article 5 (2) of Regulation (EEC) No 2158/92. [::2] The set of information shall contain at least a number of standard items, comparable at Community level, hereinafter called the 'minimum common core of information on forest fires', as set out in Annex I. [::3] The collection of such a set of information may be confined to high and medium-risk areas ...

 

Legal definition of forest into Italian law

  
L'Italia forestale e montana, Vol. 69, No. 1. (2014), pp. 37-45, https://doi.org/10.4129/ifm.2014.1.03

Abstract

This article explains, in a clear and systematic way,the legal definition of forest in the Italian law system. After a brief historical analysis, the Author examines the definition of forest given by the state legislature with Article 2 of Legislative Decree May 18, 2001,n. 227, as amended by Article 26 of the Law n. 35, 4 April 2012, and compares it with some forest definitions in Regional laws. The concept of forest is discussed in relation to a brief review of ...

 

Comparison of forest definitions at the national level using dominance analysis

  
Forest@ - Rivista di Selvicoltura ed Ecologia Forestale, Vol. 11, No. 2. (29 April 2014), pp. 86-102, https://doi.org/10.3832/efor1055-011

Abstract

Comparison of forest definitions at the national level using dominance analysis. Despite Italian forests are subject of protection since long time, the first forest definition legally binding has been enacted only in 2001. However, thanks to the action of international, national and regional institutions, 25 forest definitions are effective today on the Italian territory. All definitions of forest are fully described and their qualification analyzed using four definition types: legislation, policies, technical and allocative. Only those that are included in the ...

 

Development of a global hybrid forest mask through the synergy of remote sensing, crowdsourcing and FAO statistics

  
Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 162 (June 2015), pp. 208-220, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2015.02.011

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Forest extent from 8 products was validated using crowdsourced data. [::] The first global 1 km forest cover map (in contrast with tree cover) was elaborated. [::] A hybrid forest map calibrated with FAO FRA data is produced. [::] Both crowdsourced data and result hybrid maps are made publicly available. [Abstract] A number of global and regional maps of forest extent are available, but when compared spatially, there are large areas of disagreement. Moreover, there is currently no global forest map that is consistent with ...

 

The extent of forest in dryland biomes

  
Science, Vol. 356, No. 6338. (12 May 2017), pp. 635-638, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aam6527

Abstract

[Mapping the world's dry forests] The extent of forest area in dryland habitats, which occupy more than 40% of Earth's land surface, is uncertain compared with that in other biomes. Bastin et al. provide a global estimate of forest extent in drylands, calculated from high-resolution satellite images covering more than 200,000 plots. Forests in drylands are much more extensive than previously reported and cover a total area similar to that of tropical rainforests or boreal forests. This increases estimates of global forest ...

 

Uncertainties in tree cover maps of Sub-Saharan Africa and their implications for measuring progress towards CBD Aichi Targets

  
Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation, Vol. 4, No. 2. (June 2018), pp. 94-112, https://doi.org/10.1002/rse2.52

Abstract

The growing access to Earth Observations and processing capabilities have stimulated the production of global and regional products that are commonly used to assess tree‐covered habitats and their changes. The popularity of these products has led to their use for defining baselines and to assess progress in conserving natural habitats, in particular, in the context of the conservation targets to 2020 set by the UN Convention on Biological Diversity. In this paper, we reviewed three tree cover products commonly used over ...

 

Comment on “The extent of forest in dryland biomes”

  
Science, Vol. 358, No. 6362. (26 October 2017), eaao0166, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aao0166

Abstract

Bastin et al. (Reports, 12 May 2017, p. 635) claim to have discovered 467 million hectares of new dryland forest. We would argue that these additional areas are not completely “new” and that some have been reported before. A second shortcoming is that not all sources of uncertainty are considered; the uncertainty could be much higher than the reported value of 3.5%. ...

 

Response to Comment on “The extent of forest in dryland biomes”

  
Science, Vol. 358, No. 6362. (26 October 2017), eaao2070, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aao2070

Abstract

Schepaschenko et al. question our findings, claiming that we did not refer to all existing maps and that we did not account for all sources of uncertainty. In our response, we detail our selection criteria for reference maps, which clarify why the work of Schepaschenko et al. was not used, and we explain why our uncertainty assessment is complete and how it was misunderstood by Schepaschenko et al. ...

 

Big data of tree species distributions: how big and how good?

  
Forest Ecosystems, Vol. 4, No. 1. (2018), 30, https://doi.org/10.1186/s40663-017-0120-0

Abstract

Trees play crucial roles in the biosphere and societies worldwide, with a total of 60,065 tree species currently identified. Increasingly, a large amount of data on tree species occurrences is being generated worldwide: from inventories to pressed plants. While many of these data are currently available in big databases, several challenges hamper their use, notably geolocation problems and taxonomic uncertainty. Further, we lack a complete picture of the data coverage and quality assessment for open/public databases of tree occurrences. ...

 

Global, 30-m resolution continuous fields of tree cover: Landsat-based rescaling of MODIS vegetation continuous fields with lidar-based estimates of error

  
International Journal of Digital Earth, Vol. 6, No. 5. (21 September 2013), pp. 427-448, https://doi.org/10.1080/17538947.2013.786146

Abstract

We developed a global, 30-m resolution dataset of percent tree cover by rescaling the 250-m MOderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Vegetation Continuous Fields (VCF) Tree Cover layer using circa- 2000 and 2005 Landsat images, incorporating the MODIS Cropland Layer to improve accuracy in agricultural areas. Resulting Landsat-based estimates maintained consistency with the MODIS VCF in both epochs (RMSE = 8.6% in 2000 and 11.9% in 2005), but showed improved accuracy in agricultural areas and increased discrimination of small forest patches. Against lidar ...

 

Trajectories of the Earth system in the Anthropocene

  
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 115, No. 33. (14 August 2018), pp. 8252-8259, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1810141115

Abstract

We explore the risk that self-reinforcing feedbacks could push the Earth System toward a planetary threshold that, if crossed, could prevent stabilization of the climate at intermediate temperature rises and cause continued warming on a “Hothouse Earth” pathway even as human emissions are reduced. Crossing the threshold would lead to a much higher global average temperature than any interglacial in the past 1.2 million years and to sea levels significantly higher than at any time in the Holocene. We examine the ...

 

Where there is fire, there is smoke

  
Science, Vol. 361, No. 6400. (27 July 2018), pp. 341-341, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aau6672

Abstract

[Excerpt] [...] High-intensity wildfires (those exceeding 200,000 kW/m2) in very high biomass forests may consume 9 to 14% of the biomass [...]. This is substantially less than half of the 140 to 450 tons of biomass per hectare consumed when logging slash (i.e., dense waste wood) is burned after logging operations in these same kinds of forest [...]. Moreover, such logging burns consume at least 10 times as much biomass as hazard reduction burns designed to reduce wildfire risk [...] ...

 

Species-specific, pan-European diameter increment models based on data of 2.3 million trees

  
Forest Ecosystems, Vol. 5, No. 1. (3 April 2018), https://doi.org/10.1186/s40663-018-0133-3

Abstract

[Background] Over the last decades, many forest simulators have been developed for the forests of individual European countries. The underlying growth models are usually based on national datasets of varying size, obtained from National Forest Inventories or from long-term research plots. Many of these models include country- and location-specific predictors, such as site quality indices that may aggregate climate, soil properties and topography effects. Consequently, it is not sensible to compare such models among countries, and it is often impossible to apply ...

 

Assessing the influence of roads on fire ignition: does land cover matter?

  
Fire, Vol. 1, No. 2. (09 July 2018), 24, https://doi.org/10.3390/fire1020024

Abstract

In human-affected fire environments, assessing the influence of human activities on the spatial distribution of wildfire ignitions is of paramount importance for fire management planning. Previous studies have shown that roads have significant effects on fire ignition. However, since different land cover classes are subject to different levels of ignition risk, roads in different land cover classes may differently affect fire ignition. The aim of this paper is thus to assess the influence of roads on fire ignition in selected land ...

 

Vegetation Fire and Smoke Pollution Warning and Advisory System (VFSP-WAS): concept note and expert recommendations

  
Vol. 235 (2018)

Abstract

This concept note contains the expert recommendations resulting from discussions at the international workshop on Forecasting Emissions from Vegetation Fires and their Impacts on Human Health and Security in South-East Asia, which was hosted by the Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG), Jakarta, from 29 August to 1 September 2016. The workshop was organized by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the Interdisciplinary Biomass Burning Initiative (IBBI) in collaboration with the United Nations Office for Disaster Reduction/International Wildfire Preparedness ...

 

Negligent and intentional fires in Portugal: spatial distribution characterization

  
Science of The Total Environment, Vol. 624 (May 2018), pp. 424-437, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.013

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Average fire size is much higher for intentional than for negligent fires. [::] Incidence of negligent and intentional fires has different distribution patterns. [::] Higher drivers' influence for intentional fires, burnt area and in the south region. [::] Human's drivers and altitude are the most important for fire ignitions. [::] Negligent (intentional) fires burn more forest and agricultural (human) areas. [Abstract] In the European context, Portugal is the country with the highest number of wildfires and the second with more burnt area. The vast majority of ...

 

Remote sensing techniques to assess active fire characteristics and post-fire effects

  
International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 15, No. 3. (2006), 319, https://doi.org/10.1071/wf05097

Abstract

Space and airborne sensors have been used to map area burned, assess characteristics of active fires, and characterize post-fire ecological effects. Confusion about fire intensity, fire severity, burn severity, and related terms can result in the potential misuse of the inferred information by land managers and remote sensing practitioners who require unambiguous remote sensing products for fire management. The objective of the present paper is to provide a comprehensive review of current and potential remote sensing methods used to assess fire ...

 

Switching on the Big Burn of 2017

  
Fire, Vol. 1, No. 1. (05 June 2018), 17, https://doi.org/10.3390/fire1010017

Abstract

Fuel, aridity, and ignition switches were all on in 2017, making it one of the largest and costliest wildfire years in the United States (U.S.) since national reporting began. Anthropogenic climate change helped flip on some of these switches rapidly in 2017, and kept them on for longer than usual. Anthropogenic changes to the fire environment will increase the likelihood of such record wildfire years in the coming decades. The 2017 wildfires in the U.S. constitute part of a shifting baseline ...

 

Triggers of tree mortality under drought

  
Nature, Vol. 558, No. 7711. (27 June 2018), pp. 531-539, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0240-x

Abstract

Severe droughts have caused widespread tree mortality across many forest biomes with profound effects on the function of ecosystems and carbon balance. Climate change is expected to intensify regional-scale droughts, focusing attention on the physiological basis of drought-induced tree mortality. Recent work has shown that catastrophic failure of the plant hydraulic system is a principal mechanism involved in extensive crown death and tree mortality during drought, but the multi-dimensional response of trees to desiccation is complex. Here we focus on the ...

 

Tree plantations displacing native forests: the nature and drivers of apparent forest recovery on former croplands in Southwestern China from 2000 to 2015

  
Biological Conservation, Vol. 222 (June 2018), pp. 113-124, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2018.03.034

Abstract

China is credited with undertaking some of the world's most ambitious policies to protect and restore forests, which could serve as a role model for other countries. However, the actual environmental consequences of these policies are poorly known. Here, we combine remote-sensing analysis with household interviews to assess the nature and drivers of land-cover change in southwestern China between 2000–2015, after China's major forest protection and reforestation policies came into effect. We found that while the region's gross tree cover grew ...

 

Fire effects on soil aggregation: a review

  
Earth-Science Reviews, Vol. 109, No. 1-2. (November 2011), pp. 44-60, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2011.08.002

Abstract

[Abstract] Fire can affect soil properties depending on a number of factors including fire severity and soil type. Aggregate stability (AS) refers to soil structure resilience in response to external mechanical forces. Many authors consider soil aggregation to be a parameter reflecting soil health, as it depends on chemical, physical and biological factors. The response of AS to forest fires is complex, since it depends on how fire has affected other related properties such as organic matter content, soil microbiology, water repellency ...

 

Modeling fire ignition patterns in Mediterranean urban interfaces

  
Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment (17 May 2018), https://doi.org/10.1007/s00477-018-1558-5

Abstract

The rapid growth of built-up areas and infrastructure in the Mediterranean environment has resulted in the expansion of urban interfaces where fire can ignite and spread. Within this context, there is a need to understand spatial patterns of ignition distribution and the relative importance of influencing drivers. In response to this need we developed an analysis of fire ignition patterns using human and biophysical explanatory variables by firstly developing two different linear models to assess patterns of fire ignition points in ...

 

Scientists aim to smoke out wildfire impacts

  
Science, Vol. 360, No. 6392. (01 June 2018), pp. 948-949, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.360.6392.948

Abstract

Scientists this summer are taking to the air in an ambitious effort to better understand the chemistry, behavior, and health impacts of wildfire smoke. The flights in an instrument-packed C-130 airplane belonging to the National Science Foundation will be followed in 2019 by flights on a NASA DC-8 research jet by scientists with NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The two planes will fly through plumes of wildfire smoke, with a focus on the western United States, where wildfires ...

 

Non-supervised method for early forest fire detection and rapid mapping

  
In Fifth International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2017), Vol. 10444 (6 September 2017), 104440R, https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2280714

Abstract

Natural hazards are a challenge for the society. Scientific community efforts have been severely increased assessing tasks about prevention and damage mitigation. The most important points to minimize natural hazard damages are monitoring and prevention. This work focuses particularly on forest fires. This phenomenon depends on small-scale factors and fire behavior is strongly related to the local weather. Forest fire spread forecast is a complex task because of the scale of the phenomena, the input data uncertainty and time constraints in ...

 

Environmental heterogeneity explains the genetic structure of continental and Mediterranean populations of Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl

  
PLOS ONE, Vol. 7, No. 8. (8 August 2012), e42764, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042764

Abstract

Tree species with wide distributions often exhibit different levels of genetic structuring correlated to their environment. However, understanding how environmental heterogeneity influences genetic variation is difficult because the effects of gene flow, drift and selection are confounded. We investigated the genetic variation and its ecological correlates in a wind-pollinated Mediterranean tree species, Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl, within a recognised glacial refugium in Croatia. We sampled 11 populations from environmentally divergent habitats within the Continental and Mediterranean biogeographical regions. We combined genetic data ...

 

Predicting conifer establishment post wildfire in mixed conifer forests of the North American Mediterranean-climate zone

  
Ecosphere, Vol. 7, No. 12. (December 2016), e01609, https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.1609

Abstract

Due to fire suppression policies, timber harvest, and other management practices over the last century, many low‐ to mid‐elevation forests in semiarid parts of the western United States have accumulated high fuel loads and dense, multi‐layered canopies that are dominated by shade‐tolerant and fire‐sensitive conifers. To a great extent, the future status of western US forests will depend on tree species’ responses to patterns and trends in fire activity and fire behavior and postfire management decisions. This is especially the case ...

 

Positive biodiversity-productivity relationships in forests: climate matters

  
Biology Letters, Vol. 14, No. 4. (04 April 2018), 20170747, https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2017.0747

Abstract

While it is widely acknowledged that forest biodiversity contributes to climate change mitigation through improved carbon sequestration, conversely how climate affects tree species diversity–forest productivity relationships is still poorly understood. We combined the results of long-term experiments where forest mixtures and corresponding monocultures were compared on the same site to estimate the yield of mixed-species stands at a global scale, and its response to climatic factors. We found positive mixture effects on productivity using a meta-analysis of 126 case studies established ...

 

Distribution maps of forest tree species

  
In ICP Forests Projectlist (2015), 64

Abstract

[Excerpt: Project description] The European Commission, Joint Research Centre, hosts the European Forest Data Centre (EFDAC at http://efdac.jrc.ec.europa.eu ) of the Forest Information System for Europe (FISE). The EFDAC‐FISE platform is envisioned to transparently integrate information referring to forest resources in Europe, including taxa‐specific information. The exercise involves the integration of: [::1] a harmonized collection of reference maps describing the European‐wide distribution of forest tree species along with their habitat suitability (both current and under varying climate change scenarios); [::2] a detailed analysis of the implications that the uncertainties – ...

References

  1. de Rigo, D., Barredo, J. I., Busetto, L., Caudullo, G., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., 2013. Continental-scale living forest biomass and carbon stock: a robust fuzzy ensemble of IPCC Tier 1 maps for Europe. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology 413, 271-284. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-41151-9_26 , INRMM-MiD:12541209 .
  2. de Rigo, D., Caudullo, G., Busetto, L., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., Mar. 2014. Supporting EFSA assessment of the EU environmental suitability for exotic forestry pests: final report. EFSA Supporting Publications 11 (3),
 

Forest condition in Europe: 2017 technical report of ICP Forests - Report under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP)

  

Abstract

[Summary] The International Co-operative Programme on Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests (ICP Forests) is one of the most diverse programmes within the Working Group on Effects (WGE) under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP). To provide a regular overview of the programme’s activities, the ICP Forests Programme Co-ordinating Centre (PCC) yearly publishes an ICP Forests Technical Report which summarises research highlights and provides an opportunity for all participating countries to report on their national ICP Forests activities. The PCC also invites ...

 

Temperature accelerates the rate fields become forests

  
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (16 April 2018), 201716665, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1716665115

Abstract

[Significance] The transition of abandoned fields into forests (secondary succession) has long informed ecologists’ understanding of community assembly and species interactions. Intriguingly, rates of secondary succession show a striking latitudinal pattern, with dominance by woody species (>50% cover) taking less than a decade in the southern United States, and up to 60 years in New England. We used a large-scale experimental network to test how multiple drivers (climate, soils, and the identity of dominant species) influence field-to-forest transitions. We found consistent evidence ...

 

Portugal wildfire management in a new era assessing fire risks, resources and reforms

  
(February 2018)

Abstract

[Executive summary] Portugal has one of the highest forest fire risk rankings in Europe. Fire researchers all point to the same combination of contributing factors: shifting demographics with population moving from rural to urban areas, changes in land use with more agricultural and forested areas left unattended and not being maintained, and fragmentation of land ownership patterns that discourage investment in forest management and fire planning. The trend of annual burned area for the last four decades confirms a new level in fire activity in Portugal, despite ...

References

  1. Almeida, J., Relvas, P., Silva, L., Catry, F., Rego, F., Santos, T. 2007. Portuguese lookout towers network optimization using automatic positioning algorithms. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Wildland Fire Conference, 13-17 May, Seville, Spain. https://www.fire.uni-freiburg.de/sevilla-2007/contributions/doc/cd/SESIONES_TEMATICAS/ST4/Almeida_et_al_PORTUGAL.pdf .
  2. Beighley, M., Hyde, A. C., 2009. Systemic risk and Portugal's forest fire defense strategy - An assessment of wildfire management and response capability.
  3. Beighley, M., Quesinberry, M., 2004. USA-Portugal wildland fire technical
 

Assessment and validation of wildfire susceptibility and hazard in Portugal

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, Vol. 10, No. 3. (16 March 2010), pp. 485-497, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-10-485-2010

Abstract

A comprehensive methodology to assess forest fire susceptibility, that uses variables of strong spatial correlation, is presented and applied for the Portuguese mainland. Our study is based on a thirty-year chronological series of burnt areas. The first twenty years (1975–1994) are used for statistical modelling, and the last ten (1995–2004) are used for the independent validation of results. The wildfire affected areas are crossed with a set of independent layers that are assumed to be relevant wildfire conditioning factors: elevation, slope, ...

 

Global MODIS fraction of green vegetation cover for monitoring abrupt and gradual vegetation changes

  
Remote Sensing, Vol. 10, No. 4. (23 April 2018), 653, https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10040653

Abstract

The presence and distribution of green vegetation cover in the biosphere are of paramount importance in investigating cause-effect phenomena at the land/atmosphere interface, estimating primary production rates as part of global carbon and water cycle assessments and evaluating soil protection and land use change over time. The fraction of green vegetation cover (FCover) as estimated from satellite observations has already been demonstrated to be an extraordinarily useful product for understanding vegetation cover changes, for supporting ecosystem service assessments over areas with ...

 

Long-term changes of the wildland–urban interface in the Polish Carpathians

  
ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, Vol. 7, No. 4. (01 April 2018), 137, https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7040137

Abstract

The Wildland–Urban Interface (WUI) is the area where houses and wildland vegetation meet or intermingle, which causes many environmental problems. The current WUI is widespread in many regions, but it is unclear how the WUI evolved, especially in regions where both houses and forest cover have increased. Here we compared WUI change in the Polish Carpathians for 1860 and 2013 in two study areas with different land use history. Our western study area experienced gradual forest increase and housing growth over ...

 

Climate-vegetation-fire interactions and feedbacks: trivial detail or major barrier to projecting the future of the Earth system?

  
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, Vol. 7, No. 6. (1 November 2016), pp. 910-931, https://doi.org/10.1002/wcc.428

Abstract

Fire is a complex process involving interactions and feedbacks between biological, socioeconomic, and physical drivers across multiple spatial and temporal scales. This complexity limits our ability to incorporate fire into Earth system models and project future fire activity under climate change. Conceptual, empirical, and process models have identified the mechanisms and processes driving fire regimes, and provide a useful basis to consider future fire activity. However, these models generally deal with only one component of fire regimes, fire frequency, and do ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database. http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/forest-resources

Result page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next

Publication metadata

Bibtex, RIS, RSS/XML feed, Json, Dublin Core

Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
Search only within the INRMM-MiD publication records:
Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.