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Selection: with tag finland [21 articles] 

 

Oak decline as illustrated through plant–climate interactions near the northern edge of species range

  
The Botanical Review, Vol. 82, No. 1. (2016), pp. 1-23, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12229-016-9160-3

Abstract

This paper investigates historical growth and climate records among the oak sites representing the northern edge of species range in northernmost Europe (Finland). This is to characterize plant–climate interactions for a multitude of sites where oak decline has recently been observed and understand this most recent decline in the context of the past decline studies elsewhere. Further, our paper demonstrates the procedures the tree-ring data can be used in isolating those factors significantly contributing to decline. Our findings point towards complex ...

 

Risk of large-scale fires in boreal forests of Finland under changing climate

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 1. (21 January 2016), pp. 239-253, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-16-239-2016

Abstract

The target of this work was to assess the impact of projected climate change on forest-fire activity in Finland with special emphasis on large-scale fires. In addition, we were particularly interested to examine the inter-model variability of the projected change of fire danger. For this purpose, we utilized fire statistics covering the period 1996–2014 and consisting of almost 20 000 forest fires, as well as daily meteorological data from five global climate models under representative concentration pathway RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios. The ...

 

Does it take prices to make volumes move? A comparison of timber market functioning in Finland and Lithuania

  
Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 31, No. 4. (18 May 2016), pp. 428-433, https://doi.org/10.1080/02827581.2016.1158309

Abstract

Forest ownership structure is known to have implications for forest management and the production of forest products and services. The ownership structure, as well as the degree of state regulation of forestry, could thus be expected to affect the functioning of timber markets. Hence, in the presence of strict prescriptions for forest management, the self-regulating mechanisms of timber markets – governed by the economic principle of supply and demand – could be inhibited. Using Finland and Lithuania as contrasting cases, we ...

 

Structural factors driving boreal forest albedo in Finland

  
Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 175 (March 2016), pp. 43-51, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2015.12.035

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] Analyzed factors driving fine spatial resolution changes in boreal forest albedo. [::] Based on field plot measurements, ALS data and albedos from Landsat-5 TM data. [::] Tree species, forest structure and understory affected albedo. [::] The dependency of albedo on forest structural variables was species-specific. [::] At high volumes albedo saturated and was mainly governed by tree species. [Abstract] Understanding the influence of forest structure on forest albedo, and thus on the energy exchange between the forest and the atmosphere, is urgently needed in areas with ...

 

Genetic diversity of Dothistroma septosporum in Estonia, Finland and Czech Republic

  
European Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 136, No. 1. (2013), pp. 71-85, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-012-0139-6

Abstract

Dothistroma needle blight is one of the most damaging foliage diseases in pine plantations worldwide. Recently it has become more aggressive in native pine stands in northern America and has been found frequently on Scots pine stands in northern Europe. In Estonia and Finland it was noticed for the first time in 2006 and 2008, respectively and in Central Europe in the late 1990s. We show considerable diversity in allele patterns of several microsatellite loci in populations of these countries which ...

 

Oak decline in a southern Finnish forest as affected by a drought sequence

  
Geochronometria, Vol. 41, No. 1. (1 January 2014), https://doi.org/10.2478/s13386-013-0137-2

Abstract

We investigated the decline of a pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) forest growing on shallow soil at the northern distributional limit of the species in southern Finland, using the dendroclimatic approach. About 200-year-old trees in three vigour classes — healthy, declining and dead — were sampled in 2008. Annual tree-ring, earlywood and latewood widths were measured and chronologies were established. The tree-ring data were correlated with monthly and seasonal climate data. Radial increment of oaks was positively related to the June ...

 

Oak decline in Helsinki portrayed by tree-rings, climate and soil data

  
Plant and Soil In Plant and Soil, Vol. 319, No. 1-2. (2009), pp. 163-174, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-008-9858-z

Abstract

Oak decline has recently been observed in and around Helsinki. Tree-ring widths of pedunculate oak were used to assess pre-mortem growth patterns, their dependence on climatic factors and linkages to soil thickness. Tree-ring chronologies were constructed in three tree vigour classes (healthy, declining and dying oaks). Characteristic “summer response” was found as a positive influence of summer precipitation was the most important climatic factor limiting the radial growth in all vigour classes. On the other hand, a differing “winter response” was ...

 

Differences in the climatic adaptation of silver birch (Betula pendula) and downy birch (B. pubescens) in Finland based on male flowering phenology

  
Acta forestalia Fennica, Vol. 263 (1999), pp. 1-35

Abstract

Male flowering was studied at the canopy level in 10 silver birch (Betula pendula Roth) stands from 8 localities and in 14 downy birch (B. pubescens Ehrh.) stands from 10 localities in Finland from 1963 to 1973. Distributions of cumulative pollen catches were compared to the normal Gaussian distribution. The basis for the timing of flowering was the 50 per cent point of the anthesis-fitted normal distribution. To eliminate effects of background pollen, only the central, normally distributed part of the ...

 

Spatial pattern in the occurrence of the lichen Lobaria pulmonaria in managed and virgin boreal forests

  
Ecography, Vol. 24, No. 2. (April 2001), pp. 139-150, https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0587.2001.240204.x
Keywords: boreal-forest   finland   lichens  

Abstract

Two populations of the lichen Lobaria pulmonaria, growing on aspens and goat willows in 12 and 20 km2 study areas of boreal forest in Finland, were surveyed thoroughly to investigate the factors influencing the spatial distribution of the lichen. In one study area, where forestry has been intensive and old-growth forest is highly fragmented, L. pulmonaria was sparse and grew mostly on willows. In contrast, a large and continuous virgin forest area supported a higher incidence of L. pulmonaria, with the ...

 

Growth and diversity effects of silvicultural alternatives on an old-growth forest in Finland

  
Forestry, Vol. 75, No. 4. (01 January 2002), pp. 395-400, https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/75.4.395

Abstract

The study compares six silvicultural alternatives on an old‐growth Norway spruce‐dominated stand. Untreated forest was used as a control treatment. The wide stem distribution range was maintained by single tree and group selection. Shelterwood cuttings (pure Norway spruce, pure Scots pine and in mixtures with broadleaved species) transformed the stand into a two‐storied structure, whereas diameter cutting narrowed the stem diameter distribution. Pure pine and pure spruce shelterwood cuttings gave the lowest and untreated the highest stand diversity index value and ...

 

Epiphytic lichen diversity on Salix caprea and Populus tremula in old-growth forests of Finland

  
Mitt. Eidgenoss. Forsch. anst. Wald. Schnee. Landsch., Vol. 70, No. 1. (1995), pp. 125-132

Abstract

The epiphytic lichen flora on basal trunks of old Salir caprea and Populus tremula trees was surveyed in eight old-growth stands in the southern and middle boreal forests of Finland. Both the total species number and average species number per tree were higher on S. copra than on P. tremula. The epiphyte flora on S. caprea was dominated by widespread generalist foliose lichens. but some rarer specialists were also found. The flora of P. tremula was quite unique, and was dominated ...

 

The demographic structure of European aspen (Populus tremula) populations in managed and old-growth boreal forests in eastern Finland

  
Can. J. For. Res., Vol. 37, No. 6. (1 June 2007), pp. 1070-1081, https://doi.org/10.1139/x06-289

Abstract

European aspen (Populus tremula L.) is a keystone species for biodiversity in boreal forests. However, large aspen have largely been removed from managed forests, whereas regeneration and the long-term persistence of mature trees in protected areas are matters of concern. We recorded the numbers of mature (≥20 cm diameter) aspen in old-growth and managed forests in eastern Finland, based on a large-scale inventory (11 400 ha, 36 000 living and dead trees). In addition, saplings and small aspen trees were surveyed on thirty-six 1 ha ...

 

Long-term persistence of aspen - a key host for many threatened species - is endangered in old-growth conservation areas in Finland

  
Journal for Nature Conservation, Vol. 12, No. 1. (July 2004), pp. 41-52, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2003.08.002

Abstract

Large, dead and dying European aspens (Populus tremula L.) host many threatened species in Fennoscandian boreal forests. Large aspen trees have mostly disappeared and are being harvested from the managed forests that cover 95% of the forest area in Finland. Due to the small area protected (4.1%), the aspen-associated species may encounter major difficulties in the protected areas if aspen trees disappear due to natural forest succession. The availability of aspens was assessed in the old-growth conservation area network in eastern ...

 

Neofabraea populi in Hybrid Aspen Stands in Southern Finland

  
Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 17, No. 5. (1 January 2002), pp. 391-397, https://doi.org/10.1080/028275802320435405

Abstract

Symptoms typical of Neofabraea populi infection were identified from seven hybrid aspen (Populus tremula L. 2 P. tremuloides Michx.) stands in southern Finland. Morphology of the fungal isolates in vitro and ascospores released from apothecia on cankers was compared with reference isolates and the literature, respectively. A damage inventory was compiled in five stands. The percentages of healthy, diseased and dead stems per stand were calculated. The disease caused remarkable losses within stands (up to 53% mortality). Random amplified microsatellite markers ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 13

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: extrapolation-error   extreme-events   extreme-weather   f-script   fabaceae   factor-analysis   fagus-crenata   fagus-engleriana   fagus-grandifolia   fagus-hayatae   fagus-japonica   fagus-longipetiolata   fagus-lucida   fagus-mexicana   fagus-moesiaca   fagus-multinervis   fagus-orientalis   fagus-silvatica   fagus-spp   fagus-sylvatica   fagus-taurica   faidherbia-albida   fallopia-spp   false-observations-propagation   false-positive   family-heritability   fao-ecozones   faostat   fapar   feather-moss   featured-publication   feedback   feedforward-networks   fennoscandia   fertile-islands   fertilization   ficus-altissima   ficus-aurea   ficus-benghalensis   ficus-carica   ficus-citrifolia   ficus-elastica   ficus-macrophylla   ficus-religiosa   field-measurements   filbert   financial-modelling   fine-roots   finland   fir-decline   fire   fire-ecology   fire-emissions   fire-fuel   fire-regimes   fire-season   fire-severity   fise   fish-resources   fitness   fitzroya-cupressoides   flagship-species   flammability   flash-flood   fleshy-fruit   flood-control   flood-frequency   flood-tolerance   flooding-tolerance   floodplain   floodplain-forest   floods   flora   floss   flow-accumulation   flowering-period   flowering-phenology   fluvial   fodder-tree   foliage   food-plant   food-security   food-web   forecast   forest-bioeconomy   forest-biomass   forest-classification   forest-communities   forest-conservation   forest-conversion   forest-damage   forest-degradation   forest-disturbance   forest-dynamics   forest-ecology   forest-ecosystem   forest-ecosystems   forest-edges   inrmm-list-of-tags   postfire-recovery  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

Variation in ozone sensitivity among clones of Betula pendula and Betula pubescens

  
Environmental Pollution, Vol. 95, No. 1. (January 1997), pp. 37-44, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0269-7491(96)00113-3

Abstract

Forty clones of Betula pendula and 6 clones of Betula pubescens, originating from southern and central Finland, were ranked in order of ozone sensitivity according to visible injuries, growth and leaf senescense under low ozone exposure. The plants were fumigated in natural climatic conditions using an open-air exposure system during two growing seasons. Control plants were grown under ambient air, and the elevated-ozone exposures were 1.6× the ambient in 1994 and 1.7× the ambient in 1995. The differences in ozone sensitivity ...

 

Biomass estimation over a large area based on standwise forest inventory data and ASTER and MODIS satellite data: A possibility to verify carbon inventories

  
Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 107, No. 4. (30 April 2007), pp. 617-624, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2006.10.011

Abstract

According to the IPCC GPG (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Good Practice Guidance), remote sensing methods are especially suitable for independent verification of the national LULUCF (Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry) carbon pool estimates, particularly the aboveground biomass. In the present study, we demonstrate the potential of standwise (forest stand is a homogenous forest unit with average size of 1–3 ha) forest inventory data, and ASTER and MODIS satellite data for estimating stand volume (m3 ha− 1) and aboveground biomass (t ha− 1) ...

 

Remote sensing estimates of boreal and temperate forest woody biomass: carbon pools, sources, and sinks

  
Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 84, No. 3. (March 2003), pp. 393-410, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0034-4257(02)00130-x

Abstract

The relation between satellite measurements of the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), cumulated over the growing season, and inventory estimates of forest woody biomass carbon is estimated statistically with data from 167 provinces and states in six countries (Canada, Finland, Norway, Russia and the USA for a single time period and Sweden for two periods). Statistical tests indicate that the regression model can be used to represent the relation between forest biomass and NDVI across spatial, temporal and ecological scales for ...

 

Impacts of climate change on primary production and carbon sequestration of boreal Norway spruce forests: Finland as a model

  
Climatic Change (12 October 2012), pp. 1-15, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-012-0607-1

Abstract

The aim of this study was to estimate the potential impacts of climate change on the spatial patterns of primary production and net carbon sequestration in relation to water availability in Norway spruce ( Picea abies ) dominated forests throughout Finland (N 60°–N 70°). The Finnish climatic scenarios (FINADAPT) based on the A2 emission scenario were used. According to the results, the changing climate increases the ratio of evapotranspiration to precipitation in southern Finland, while it slightly decreases the ratio in ...

 

Sensitivity of managed boreal forests in Finland to climate change, with implications for adaptive management

  
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 363, No. 1501. (12 July 2008), pp. 2339-2349, https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2007.2204

Abstract

This study investigated the sensitivity of managed boreal forests to climate change, with consequent needs to adapt the management to climate change. Model simulations representing the Finnish territory between 60 and 70° N showed that climate change may substantially change the dynamics of managed boreal forests in northern Europe. This is especially probable at the northern and southern edges of this forest zone. In the north, forest growth may increase, but the special features of northern forests may be diminished. In the ...

 

Long‐term effects of temperature on the wood production of Pinus sylvestris L. and Picea abies (L.) Karst. In old provenance experiments

  
Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 9, No. 1-4. (1 January 1994), pp. 34-45, https://doi.org/10.1080/02827589409382810

Abstract

Old provenance experiments with Scots pine and Norway spruce in Finland were used for assessing the long?term effects of the projected climatic change on forest trees. The northernmost origins showed an increase in wood production when transferred southwards into a climate with an annual mean effective temperature sum close to that which is expected in northern areas as a result of the projected climatic change. A model is constructed with the estimated changes in wood production as a function of the ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database. http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/finland

Publication metadata

Bibtex, RIS, RSS/XML feed, Json, Dublin Core

Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.