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Selection: with tag fagus-sylvatica [108 articles] 

 

Post-fire spread of alien plant species in a mixed broad-leaved forest of the Insubric region

  
Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, Vol. 207, No. 1. (January 2012), pp. 19-29, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2011.07.016

Abstract

How do tree species regenerate and which ecological conditions are required after forest fire in the Insubric region of the Alps? Are indigenous stand-forming tree species resistant over the invasion of alien plant species after such a disturbance? We addressed these questions in a case study in the Swiss canton of Ticino. In April 2006, a surface fire with severe intensity burnt a forest area of 55 ha on a south-facing slope (400–800 m.a.s.l.). The dominant trees in the investigated area ...

 

The effects of air pollutants on vegetation and the role of vegetation in reducing atmospheric pollution

  
In The Impact of Air Pollution on Health, Economy, Environment and Agricultural Sources (26 September 2011), pp. 241-280, https://doi.org/10.5772/17660
edited by Mohamed Khallaf

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] The main air pollutants are represented by gases forms, particles in suspension, different ionizing radiation and noise. [\n] gases forms are: oxidized and reduced forms of carbon (CO2, CO, CH4), of nitrogen (NO2, NO, N2O4, NH3, NH4+), SO2, O3, C6H6 vapours, Hg, volatile phenols, Cl2, etc. [\n] The particulate forms are: PM10 and PM2.5 particulate matter, heavy metals with toxic effect (Pb, Ni, Cd, As), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs, etc. [\n] Atmospheric pollutants have a negative effect on the plants; they can ...

 

Modelling potential impacts of climate change on the bioclimatic envelope of species in Britain and Ireland

  
Global Ecology and Biogeography, Vol. 11, No. 6. (November 2002), pp. 453-462, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2002.00304.x

Abstract

[Aim] Climate change has the potential to have significant impacts on the distribution of species and on the composition of habitats. This paper identifies the potential changes in the future distribution of species under the UKCIP98 climate change scenarios, in order that such changes can be taken into account in conservation management. [Location] The model was applied to Britain and Ireland. [Methods] A model based on an artificial neural network was used to predict the changing bioclimate envelopes of species in Britain and ...

 

Water use in neighbouring stands of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) and black alder (Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.)

  
Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 56, No. 2. (1999), pp. 107-120, https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:19990203

Abstract

In neighbouring stands of beech and black alder in northern Germany, transpiration, soil evaporation and interception evaporation were estimated for four meteorologically different years. By means of standard weather data a two-layer evaporation model of the Shuttleworth-Wallace type was applied. In the 105-year-old beech forest (tree height 29 m, maximum leaf area index 4.5), annual transpiration (Tr) varied between 326 and 421 mm (mean 389 mm or 50 % of gross precipitation, PG) and annual evapotranspiration (ET) between 567 and 665 ...

 

Temperate and boreal rainforest relicts of Europe

  
In Temperate and Boreal Rainforests of the World: Ecology and Conservation (2011), pp. 154-180, https://doi.org/10.5822/978-1-61091-008-8_6
Keywords: abies-alba   acer-pseudoplatanus   aconitum-spp   alces-alces   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-incana   anemone-trifolia   aquila-chrysaetos   arthonia-leucopellaea   asplenium-scolopendrium   athyrium-filix-femina   balkan-peninsula   betula-pendula   betula-pubescens   biodiversity   bison-bonasus   boreal-forests   buteo-buteo   calluna-vulgaris   canis-lupus   capreolus-capreolus   carduus-personata   central-europe   cervus-elaphus   cervus-nippon   cicerbita-alpine   conservation   cortusa-matthioli   corylus-avellana   dryocopus-martius   dryopteris-carthusiana   dryopteris-dilatata   dryopteris-spp   endangered-species   epimedium-alpinum   euphorbia-austriaca   europe   fagus-sylvatica   felis-silvestris   forest-resources   fragmentation   fraxinus-excelsior   grazing   gymnocarpium-dryopteris   habitat-conservation   hacquetia-epipactis   hotspot   ilex-aquifolium   lagopus-muta   lamium-orvala   larix-eurolepis   lichens   lobaria-amplissima   lobaria-scrobiculata   lunaria-rediviva   lynx-lynx   lyrurus-tetrix   meles-meles   milvus-milvus   norway   omphalodes-verna   picea-abies   picea-sitchensis   pinus-contorta   pleurospermum-austriacum   populus-tremula   prunus-avium   pseudotsuga-menziesii   pyrenula-laevigata   quercus-petraea   quercus-robur   quercus-spp   rainforest   rhododendron-ponticum   rupicapra-rupicapra   salix-caprea   salix-spp   sanicula-europaea   saxifraga-rotundifolia   sorbus-aucuparia   strix-uralensis   sus-scrofa   taxus-baccata   temperate-forests   tetrao-urogallus   thalictrum-aquilegifolium   thelotrema-lepadinum   tilia-cordata   tilia-platyphyllos   ulmus-glabra   vaccinium-myrtillus  

Abstract

European temperate rainforests are disjunctly distributed from ~45° to 69°N latitude, where they are influenced by maritime climates (see figure 6-1). Storms originating in the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean (Balkans) provide for mild winters, cool summers, and adequate precipitation to sustain rainforests throughout the year. Due to extensive deforestation, however, today’s European rainforests are mere fragments of primeval rainforests. A reminder of a bygone era when rainforests flourished, they are barely hanging on as contemporary rainforest relicts (see box 6-1). ...

 

Effects of flooding on the recruitment, damage and mortality of riparian tree species: a field and simulation study on the Rhine floodplain

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 255, No. 11. (15 June 2008), pp. 3893-3903, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2008.03.044

Abstract

The extensive flooding by the river Rhine on May 12 1999 provided an opportunity to investigate the impact of such an extreme event in terms of damage and mortality of adult trees in floodplains. Such data is highly valuable for determining the potential impact of climate change on the zonation of tree species along rivers. We analysed an extensive dataset of the damage and mortality suffered by groups of adult trees of the following species as a consequence of this flood: ...

 

Planting sentinel European trees in Eastern Asia as a novel method to identify potential insect pest invaders

  
PLoS ONE, Vol. 10, No. 5. (20 May 2015), e0120864, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120864

Abstract

Quarantine measures to prevent insect invasions tend to focus on well-known pests but a large proportion of the recent invaders were not known to cause significant damage in their native range, or were not even known to science before their introduction. A novel method is proposed to detect new potential pests of woody plants in their region of origin before they are introduced to a new continent. Since Asia is currently considered to be the main supplier of insect invaders to ...

 

Regional estimation of woodland moisture content by inverting Radiative Transfer Models

  
Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 132 (May 2013), pp. 59-70, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2013.01.004

Abstract

[Abstract] We inverted the PROSPECT and GEOSAIL Radiative Transfer Models (RTM) using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) data to retrieve Live Fuel Moisture Content (LFMC) in woodlands located in the peninsular territory of Spain. Ecological rules were used to parameterize the RTM. This approach reduces the probability of an ill-posed problem in the inversion of the selected RTMs, by rejecting unrealistic combinations of input parameters. Three species representatives of each region were used to derive the ecological rules: Quercus ilex L., Quercus ...

 

Tree neighbourhood matters - Tree species composition drives diversity-productivity patterns in a near-natural beech forest

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 335 (January 2015), pp. 225-234, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2014.09.032

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] We test tree diversity–productivity relationships in a temperate beech forest. [::] Beech and hornbeam trees grew faster in more diverse neighbourhoods. [::] Complementarity effects were driven by differences in species’ competitive strengths. [::] Small scale admixture with patches of different species promotes tree growth. [Abstract] European beech forest with a variable admixture is one of the most important forest types in Central Europe. Growing evidence has demonstrated the positive effect of increased biodiversity on vital forest ecosystem functions and services such as productivity and nutrient ...

 

Climate change increases the drought risk in Central European forests: what are the options for adaptation?

  
Forestry Journal, Vol. 60, No. 1. (1 January 2014), https://doi.org/10.2478/forj-2014-0001

Abstract

The paper presents information on the projected drought exposure of Central Europe, describes the anticipated dynamics of the regional forests, and identifies measures facilitating the adaptation of forests to climate change-induced drought risk. On the basis of an ensemble of climate change scenarios we expect substantial drying in southern Slovakia and Hungary, while such trends were found to be less pronounced for the Czech Republic and Austria. In response to these climate trajectories, a change in species composition towards a higher ...

 

Effect of tree species mixing on the size structure, density, and yield of forest stands

  
European Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 135, No. 1. (2016), pp. 1-22, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-015-0913-z

Abstract

An increasing number of studies provide evidence that mixed-species stands can overyield monocultures. But it is still hardly understood, how the overyielding at the stand level emerges from the tree, canopy, and size structure. Analyses of 42 triplets with 126 mixed and mono-specific plots in middle-aged, two-species stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco), and European beech (Fagus sylvativa L.) in Central Europe revealed that mixed-species compared with mono-specific stands ...

 

Tree species is the major factor explaining C:N ratios in European forest soils

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 311 (January 2014), pp. 3-16, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.06.047

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] C:N ratio in forest floor, peat and mineral topsoil mainly depend on tree species. [::] Most important differences in C:N ratios are seen between deciduous and evergreen species. [::] Either soil type, ecoregion or humus type was the second most important explanatory factor. [::] There was no consistent relationship between modelled deposition and C:N ratios. [Abstract] The C:N ratio is considered as an indicator of nitrate leaching in response to high atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition. However, the C:N ratio is influenced by a multitude of ...

 

Black woodpecker Dryocopus martius (L., 1758) distribution, abundance, habitat use and breeding performance in a recently colonized region in SW Europe

  
Munibe Ciencias Naturales, Vol. 63 (2015)

Abstract

At the southwestern edge of its global distribution, the Pyrenean population of the black woodpecker Dryocopus martius has increased its range during the last three decades, colonizing new areas where the species was previously unknown. This is the case for Gipuzkoa, where a systematic survey was performed in the breeding season of 2013 aimed at describing the species distribution, abundance, habitat use and reproductive performance. Potential locations were identified using forest inventories and were visited since January until March. Locations were considered occupied when nests or pairs ...

References

  1. Aierbe, T., Olano, M., Vázquez, J. 2001. Atlas de las aves nidificantes de Gipuzkoa. Munibe, Cienc. nat. 52: 5-136.
  2. Alberdi, I., Hernández, L., Saura, S., Barrera, M., Gil, P., Condés, S., Cantero, A., Sandoval, V.J., Vallejo, R., Cañellas, I. 2012. Estimación de la biodiversidad forestal en el Tercer Inventario Forestal Nacional. País Vasco-Euskadi. Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente. Madrid.
  3. Álvarez, J., Bea, A., Faus, J.M., Castién, E., Mendiola, Í.
 

Carbon and nitrogen in forest floor and mineral soil under six common European tree species

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 255, No. 1. (February 2008), pp. 35-48, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2007.08.015

Abstract

The knowledge of tree species effects on soil C and N pools is scarce, particularly for European deciduous tree species. We studied forest floor and mineral soil carbon and nitrogen under six common European tree species in a common garden design replicated at six sites in Denmark. Three decades after planting the six tree species had different profiles in terms of litterfall, forest floor and mineral soil C and N attributes. Three groups were identified: (1) ash, maple and lime, (2) ...

 

Root cohesion of forest species in the Italian Alps

  
Plant and Soil, Vol. 324, No. 1-2. (2009), pp. 71-89, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-009-9941-0

Abstract

Forests can prevent and/or mitigate hydrogeomorphic hazards in mountainous landscapes. Their effect is particularly relevant in the case of shallow landslides phenomena, where plants decrease the water content of the soil and increase its mechanical strength. Although such an effect is well known, its quantification is a relatively new challenge. The present work estimates the effect of some forest species on hillslope stability in terms of additional root cohesion by means of a model based on the classical Wu and Waldron ...

 

Debris-flow mitigation measures

  
In Debris-flow Hazards and Related Phenomena (2005), pp. 445-487, https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-27129-5_18

Abstract

[Excerpt] Integrated risk management is a tool to prevent, intervent, and avoid natural hazards (Amman, 2001). This includes a combination of land use planning and technical and bioengineering measures to guarantee an optimal cost-benefit ratio. An essential aspect of risk management is the design of mitigation measures which reduce the existing risk to an accepted level of residual risk. Two types of mitigation measures can be distinguished (Zollinger, 1985): active measures and passive measures. Active measures focus on the hazard, while passive measures focus on the potential damage (Huebl ...

 

Host plant selection and resource utilisation by Asian longhorn beetle Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in southern England

  
Forestry, Vol. 88, No. 1. (01 January 2015), pp. 84-95, https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpu037

Abstract

In February 2012, an outbreak of Asian longhorn beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky), was discovered at Paddock Wood in Kent, in southern England, next to a small industrial premise where a previous company had imported stone from China. Anoplophora glabripennis is a serious pest of deciduous broadleaved trees and is native to China, but it has been transported around the world in wood packaging material. Its discovery at Paddock Wood prompted an eradication programme in which all infested trees and any trees ...

 

Do tree species influence soil carbon stocks in temperate and boreal forests?

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 309 (December 2013), pp. 4-18, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.01.017

Abstract

Information on tree species effects on soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks is scattered and there have been few attempts to synthesize results for forest floor and mineral soil C pools. We reviewed and synthesized current knowledge of tree species effects on SOC stocks in temperate and boreal forests based on common garden, retrospective paired stand and retrospective single-tree studies. There was evidence of consistent tree species effects on SOC stocks. Effects were clearest for forest floor C stocks (23 of 24 ...

 

Assessing the role of vegetation on soil slopes in urban areas

  
In Proceedings of the 10th IAEG International Congress, IAEG2006 (2006), 744

Abstract

Vegetation has generally been recognised for its aesthetic landscaping qualities in the urban environment, especially along transportation corridors and for use as noise barriers. The detrimental effects of vegetation are also recognised. Trees and shrubs draw out moisture from the ground through evapotranspiration processes, which leads to the seasonal shrinkage and swelling of clay soils. In adverse climatic conditions, e.g. prolonged hot and dry summers, moisture reduction in clay soils may cause substantial damage to buildings and property. This paper reports on recent projects and studies in ...

 

Life history of the Asian longhorn beetle Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera Cerambycidae) in southern Europe

  
Agricultural and Forest Entomology, Vol. 17, No. 2. (1 May 2015), pp. 188-196, https://doi.org/10.1111/afe.12096

Abstract

[::] The Asian longhorn beetle Anoplophora glabripennis is highly polyphagous and widely spread over regions with different climates. Determining the key life-history traits is important for understanding how local conditions affect its successful establishment and to develop adaptive management strategies. [::] Field and laboratory studies were conducted from 2010 to 2012 on an A. glabripennis infestation in Northern Italy, aiming to determine its seasonal phenology, adult beetle longevity, density of successful emergence, infestation age and overwintering life history. [::] Adult beetle ...

 

Molecular and physiological responses of trees to waterlogging stress

  
Plant, Cell & Environment (May 2014), pp. n/a-n/a, https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.12310

Abstract

One major effect of global climate change will be altered precipitation patterns in many regions of the world. This will cause a higher probability of long-term waterlogging in winter/spring and flash floods in summer because of extreme rainfall events. Particularly, trees not adapted at their natural site to such waterlogging stress can be impaired. Despite the enormous economic, ecological and social importance of forest ecosystems, the effect of waterlogging on trees is far less understood than the effect on many crops ...

 

Flooding tolerance of Central European tree and shrub species

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 235, No. 1-3. (November 2006), pp. 1-13, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2006.05.065
Keywords: abies-alba   acer-campestre   acer-platanoides   acer-pseudoplatanus   aesculus-hippocastanum   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-incana   alnus-viridis   betula-pendula   carpinus-betulus   castanea-sativa   cornus-sanguinea   corylus-avellana   crataegus-monogyna   disturbances   fagus-sylvatica   floods   forest-resources   frangula-alnus   fraxinus-excelsior   ilex-aquifolium   juglans-regia   juniperus-communis   larix-decidua   malus-sylvestris   picea-abies   pinus-sylvestris   populus-alba   populus-nigra   populus-tremula   prunus-avium   prunus-domestica   prunus-mahaleb   prunus-padus   prunus-spinosa   quercus-petraea   quercus-pubescens   quercus-robur   robinia-pseudoacacia   salix-alba   salix-caprea   salix-spp   sambucus-nigra   sorbus-aria   sorbus-aucuparia   taxus-baccata   tilia-cordata   tilia-platyphyllos   tolerance   ulmus-glabra   ulmus-minor   viburnum-opulus   water-resources  

Abstract

Extensive efforts have been made in recent years to restore rivers with a view to increasing the ecological value of riparian areas and the surrounding landscape and to improving the protection provided against extreme flooding events. One of the important factors for the successful establishment and survival of tree and shrub species in enlarged river corridors (particularly in lowlands) – and in retention basins – is their capacity to survive in anoxic conditions, i.e. their flooding tolerance. The importance of improving ...

 

River dynamics as a forest process: Interaction between fluvial systems and alluvial forests in large European river plains

  
The Botanical Review, Vol. 63, No. 1. (1997), pp. 40-64, https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02857917

Abstract

This paper corresponds to an overview of the impacts of the inundations on gallery forest processes, with examples of the upper Rhine valley, France. The geomorphic pattern of big river plains, the particularities of the nutrient cycle, the adaptations of the flora, the specificities of the sylvigenetic cycles are detailed, with examples of the upper Rhine valley. [Excerpt: Specific Particularities] The flow of water in terrestrial ecosystems has many effects on plants and animals. Water acts as a resource because floods act as migration ...

 

Regional spread and stand-scale establishment of Fagus sylvatica and Picea abies in scandinavia : Paleoperspective in ecology

  
Ecology, Vol. 87 (1999), pp. 1679-1686

Abstract

Palaeoecological studies are yielding fresh insights into slow forest ecosystem processes that are rarely observed using standard ecological methods, yet have major impacts on ecosystem function. Regional pollen data describe the broad features of the regional spread of trees but yield few insights into the processes of stand invasion and the facilitating role of disturbance. Pollen and charcoal data from small forest hollows are used to complement regional data in the study of the spread of Picea abies and Fagus sylvatica ...

 

Reviving extinct Mediterranean forest communities may improve ecosystem potential in a warmer future

  
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 13, No. 7. (2015), pp. 356-362, https://doi.org/10.1890/150027

Abstract

The Mediterranean Basin is the region of Europe most vulnerable to negative climate-change impacts, including forest decline, increased wildfire, and biodiversity loss. Because humans have affected Mediterranean ecosystems for millennia, it is unclear whether the region’s native ecosystems were more resilient to climate change than current ecosystems, and whether they would provide sustainable management options if restored. We simulated vegetation with the LANDCLIM model, using present-day climate as well as future climate-change scenarios, in three representative areas that encompass a broad ...

 

Distribution map of Beech (Fagus sylvatica)

  
(2008)

Abstract

The distribution maps on this page were compiled by experts contributing to EUFORGEN activities, based on existing bibliography and other information sources. Individuals may use the distribution maps for personal, educational, scientific or other non-commercial purposes without prior permission from the EUFORGEN Secretariat but they must acknowledge EUFORGEN as the source of information. In case the distribution maps are used for a publication, the EUFORGEN Secretariat would appreciate receiving a notification or a copy of the publication. ...

 

Fagus sylvatica

  
In Enzyklopädie der Holzgewächse: Handbuch und Atlas der Dendrologie (2002)

Abstract

Fagus sylvatica ist eine sommergrüne Baumart, deren natürliche Verbreitung in den gemäßigten bis warm gemäßigten Klimaten Europas liegt. Auf Grund ihrer hohen Schattentoleranz dominiert sie dort die natürliche Waldentwicklung. Die ältesten bekannten Individuen sind 900 Jahre alt. In den wenigen noch vorhandenen Urwaldresten erreicht sie regelmäßig ein Alter von 300 Jahren. Das wirtschaftliche Nutzungsalter liegt aus Gründen der Holzqualität zwischen 80 und 140 Jahren. Das Holz der Rot-Buche ähnelt in seinen technischen Eigenschaften tropischen Hölzern. Es findet in Handwerk und Industrie ...

 

Evidence for repeated re-activation of old landslides under forest

  
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 34, No. 3. (15 March 2009), pp. 352-365, https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.1727

Abstract

Local reactivations of landslides in forests are rarely reported in landslide catalogues. The occurrence of hillslope sections with fresh morphological landslide features in forested old, deep-seated landslides, however, suggests that landslide reactivations are not restricted to residential areas. In this study, a dendrogeomorphological analysis of beech stands was used to investigate the periods of reactivation of a deep-seated rotational slide in the Koppenberg forest (Flemish Ardennes, Belgium). The relation to rainfall and the correspondence to landslide reactivations reported in a nearby ...

 

Herbivory by the pine weevil (Hylobius abietis L.) and short-snouted weevils (Strophosoma melanogrammum Forst. and Otiorhynchus scaber L.) during the conversion of a wind-thrown Norway spruce forest into a mixed-species plantation

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 190, No. 2-3. (March 2004), pp. 281-290, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2003.10.027

Abstract

The influence of above-ground insect herbivory and other agents of damage to seedlings was studied in a field experiment. Nine different tree species were planted in each of five randomised blocks. The species were: Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertner, Betula pendula Roth., Fagus sylvatica L., Fraxinus excelsior L., Larix eurolepis Henry, Picea abies (L.) Karst., Prunus avium L., Quercus robur L. and Tilia cordata Mill. The seedlings were monitored through the 2000–2002 growing seasons. Pine weevils (Hylobius abietis L.) fed significantly more ...

Visual summary

 

Influence of patch scarification and insect herbivory on growth and survival in Fagus sylvatica L., Picea abies L. Karst. and Quercus robur L. seedlings following a Norway spruce forest

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 134, No. 1-3. (September 2000), pp. 111-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(99)00250-9

Abstract

Southern Sweden is dominated by relatively uniform coniferous forests where Norway spruce is the most common tree species. Ecological and economic considerations have created an interest in re-establishing broadleaves in these forests. To study the influence of patch scarification and compare the influence of insect herbivory on growth and survival in beech (Fagus sylvatica L.), Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) and oak (Quercus robur L.) seedlings, a field experiment was established. The experiment was carried out on a new clear-cut ...

Visual summary

 

Leaf morphometric characteristics variability of different beech provenances in juvenile development stage

  
Genetika, Vol. 45, No. 2. (2013), pp. 369-380, https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR1302369S

Abstract

The taxonomic status of beech from the Balkan Peninsula is not yet clearly defined. There is no agreement among different authors about the morphological characteristics discriminating between the Balkan and European and/or Eastern beech. For most characteristics, the mean values are different but the ranges of variation overlap considerably. Provenance trial of beech established in Serbia, at the locality Debeli Lug, has provided an opportunity for research of interprovenance variability at the level of leaf morphometric characteristics in juvenile development stage. ...

 

The evolutionary history of Fagus in western Eurasia: Evidence from genes, morphology and the fossil record

  
Plant Systematics and Evolution, Vol. 232, No. 3-4. (2002), pp. 213-236, https://doi.org/10.1007/s006060200044

Abstract

Fagus (beech) is among the most abundant and economically important genera of broad-leaved trees in northern hemisphere temperate forests. The number of modern taxa present in Europe and Asia Minor has long been a matter of debate and up to five species have been recognised. To resolve taxonomic and phylogenetic relationships we conducted morphological and molecular genetic analyses in western Eurasiatic taxa and evaluated palaeontological evidence. To place our findings from western Eurasiatic populations in a broader context additional East Asiatic ...

 

Unexpected presence of Fagus orientalis complex in Italy as inferred from 45,000-year-old DNA pollen samples from Venice lagoon

  
BMC Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 7, No. Suppl 2. (16 August 2007), S6, https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-7-s2-s6

Abstract

[Background] Phylogeographic analyses on the Western Euroasiatic Fagus taxa (F. orientalis, F. sylvatica, F. taurica and F. moesiaca) is available, however, the subdivision of Fagus spp. is unresolved and there is no consensus on the phylogeny and on the identification (both with morphological than molecular markers) of Fagus Eurasiatic taxa. [\n] For the first time molecular analyses of ancient pollen, dated at least 45,000 years ago, were used in combination with the phylogeny analysis on current species, to identify the Fagus spp. present ...

 

Vegetative reproduction of trees in some European natural forests

  
Vegetatio, Vol. 72, No. 2. (1987), pp. 103-110

Abstract

Various means of vegetative reproduction in unexploited forests in western Europe are illustrated with examples. Root suckers are sometimes almost the only method of forest regeneration near the limits of tree growth on the Wadden islands and they can play an important role in forest gaps and riverine forests. Trunk suckers finally replacing their parent trees occur in Alnus, Tilia and Ulmus. Partial uprooting of trees, favoured by special soil conditions, was shown to be an important condition for vegetative reproduction. ...

 

Gene conservation in European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.)

  
Forest Genetics, Vol. 2, No. 3. (1995), pp. 161-170

Abstract

The European beech belongs to the most important broadleaved tree species in Europe occurring in various ecological conditions. After establishment of numerous provenance experiments (the last one containing 188 provenances and 23 trials), extensive genetic inventories in most part of Europe has been carried out. In situ and ex situ gene conservation in European beech is outlined. ...

 

Árboles monumentales de España

  
(2003)
Keywords: abies-alba   abies-pinsapo   abies-spp   acer-campestre   arbutus-unedo   boiss   castanea-sativa   celtis-australis   ceratonia-siliqua   citrus-aurantium   cupressus-macrocarpa   cupressus-sempervirens   dracaena-drago   eucalyptus-globulus   fagus-silvatica   fagus-sylvatica   ficus-carica   ficus-macrophylla   forest-resources   fraxinus-excelsior   ilex-aquifolium   jubaea-chilensis   juglans-regia   juniperus-cedrus   juniperus-oxycedrus   juniperus-phoenicea   juniperus-thurifera   laurus-azorica   liriodendron-tulipifera   monumental-trees   morus-alba   nolina-recurvata   olea-europaea   phoenix-canariensis   phoenix-dactylifera   pinus-canariensis   pinus-halepensis   pinus-nigra   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-sylvestris   pinus-uncinata   pistacia-terebinthus   platanus-x-hispanica   populus-alba   populus-nigra   prunus-dulcis   pyrus-spinosa   quercus-cerrioides   quercus-faginea   quercus-ilex   quercus-petraea   quercus-pyrenaica   quercus-robur   quercus-suber   sequoiadendron-giganteum   spain   syagrus-romanzoffiana   taxodium-distichum   taxodium-mucronatum   taxus-baccata   tilia-platyphyllos   ulmus-glabra   ulmus-minor   washingtonia-robusta   wisteria-sinensis   yucca-filifera  

Abstract

[Excerpt] De entre todas las especies vegetales, la de los árboles resulta, por distintas razones, la más notable y la que está más ligada, por muy diferentes causas, al devenir del ser humano, a la historia y a la cultura de los pueblos que prosperaron a su alrededor. Los árboles nos han otorgado alimento y cobijo; los hemos relacionado con acontecimientos históricos de muy diferente índole; los hemos vinculado a devociones religiosas y milagrosas; hemos celebrado fiestas y júbilo alrededor de ellos; en definitiva, han permanecido vinculados a lo terrenal y ...

 

Árboles monumentales de España - Comunidades Autónomas

  
(2005)
Keywords: acer-pseudoplatanus   araucaria-araucana   araucaria-bidwillii   betula-pendula   camellia-reticulata   castanea-sativa   casuarina-equisetifolia   cedrus-atlantica   cedrus-libani   ceiba-pentandra   celtis-australis   ceratonia-siliqua   cinnamomum-camphora   crataegus-monogyna   cupressus-sempervirens   dracaena-draco   eucaliptus-camaldulensis   eucalyptus-globulus   fagus-sylvatica   ficus-carica   ficus-macrophylla   forest-resources   fraxinus-angustifolia   gleditsia-triacanthos   hedera-helix   ilex-aquifolium   juglans-regia   juniperus-oxycedrus   juniperus-thurifera   lagunaria-patersoni   laurus-nobilis   magnolia-grandiflora   monumental-trees   morus-nigra   myrtus-communis   olea-europaea   phoenix-canariensis   phytolacca-dioica   pinus-halepensis   pinus-nigra   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-sylvestris   platanus-orientalis   populus-alba   populus-nigra   prunus-dulcis   quercus-canariensis   quercus-faginea   quercus-ilex   quercus-petraea   quercus-pyrenaica   quercus-robur   quercus-rotundifolia   quercus-suber   quercus-x-morisii   sequoiadendron-giganteum   sorbus-domestica   spain   tamarix-canariensis   taxodium-distichum   taxodium-mucronatum   taxus-baccata   tilia-tomentosa   ulmus-minor   washingtonia-robusta  

Abstract

[Excerpt] En las páginas de este libro podrá encontrar el lector interesado algunos de los árboles más bellos, localizados en los diversos territorios de nuestras Comunidades Autónomas. La Compañía Logística de Hidrocarburos CLH, S.A. desea, con esta colección de árboles monumentales, tender un puente entre los dos elementos que dan sentido a su cotidiano devenir empresarial: el hombre y la naturaleza. Es decir, el servicio a los hombres, a la Sociedad y el deseo de colaborar en la conservación del entorno natural. Y para la construcción de ese puente ...

 

Mechanisms, effects and management implications of rockfall in forests

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 215, No. 1-3. (August 2005), pp. 183-195, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2005.05.012

Abstract

At the scale of forest stands, there is a lack of quantitative, statistically valid data on the protective effect of forests against rockfall. Therefore, the first objective of this study was to quantify the velocities, rebound heights as well as the residual hazard of rockfall on a forested and a non-forested slope. The second objective was to evaluate existing rockfall protection forest management guidelines, as well as the underlying criteria. We carried out and analysed 100 real size rockfall experiments at ...

 

Could the tree diversity pattern in Europe be generated by postglacial dispersal limitation?

  
Ecology Letters, Vol. 10, No. 6. (June 2007), pp. 453-460, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01038.x

Abstract

The relative importance of contemporary climate and history as controls of geographical diversity patterns is intensely debated. A key example is the controversy over the extent to which temperate tree distributions and diversity patterns reflect postglacial dispersal limitation. Here, we focus on Central and Northern Europe, and show that recent estimates of tree migration rates < 100 m year−1 imply that many species have probably not reached equilibrium with climate in this region. We then demonstrate that geographical accessibility from glacial refuges explains 78% ...

 

Structural dynamics and synchronous silver fir decline in mixed old-growth mountain forests in Eastern and Southeastern Europe

  
Forestry, Vol. 84, No. 5. (01 December 2011), pp. 479-491, https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpr030

Abstract

Studies of old-growth forests are becoming increasingly important for the improvement of silviculture and for understanding environmental changes. However, in Europe such forests are rare, fragmented and influenced by millennia of human activity. Comparative studies of old-growth forests across Europe are needed to improve knowledge on how direct and indirect anthropogenic factors influence their structure. We analysed structural dynamics in 15 silver fir-beech-Norway spruce old-growth forests in Slovenia, Croatia, Slovakia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Changes in diameter distributions, stand parameters and regeneration were ...

 

Impact of several common tree species of European temperate forests on soil fertility

  
Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 59, No. 3. (April 2002), pp. 233-253, https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:2002020

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to provide a synopsis of the scientific literature concerning the effects of different tree species on soil and to quantify the effect of common European temperate forest species on soil fertility. The scientific literature dealing with the tree species effect on soil has been reviewed. The composition of forest overstory has an impact on the chemical, physical and biological characteristics of soil. This impact was highest in the topsoil. Different tree species had significantly ...

 

Forest pathogens with higher damage potential due to climate change in Europe

  
Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 30, No. 2. (1 April 2008), pp. 177-195, https://doi.org/10.1080/07060661.2008.10540534
Keywords: abies-alba   alnus-cordata   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-incana   alnus-viridis   alpine-region   armillaria-spp   biscogniauxia-mediterranea   biscogniauxia-nummularia   carpinus-betulus   castanea-sativa   ceratocystis-platani   climate-change   corylus-avellana   cryphonectria-parasitica   cupressus-arizonica   cupressus-macrocarpa   cupressus-sempervirens   diplodia-pinea   dothistroma-pini   dothistroma-septosporum   droughts   dutch-elm-disease   europe   fagus-sylvatica   forest-pests   global-warming   gremmeniella-abietina   heterobasidion   heterobasidion-abietinum   heterobasidion-annosum   leptographium-spp   megastigmus-wachtli   mycosphaerella-pini   oak-decline   olea-europaea   ophiostoma-novo-ulmi   ophiostoma-ulmi   phytophthora-alni   phytophthora-cinnamomi   phytophthora-polonica   picea-abies   pinus-banksiana   pinus-cembra   pinus-contorta   pinus-halepensis   pinus-nigra   pinus-pallasiana   pinus-pinaster   pinus-pinea   pinus-radiata   pinus-spp   pinus-sylvestris   platanus-spp   pseudotsuga   quercus-cerris   quercus-ilex   quercus-petraea   quercus-pubescens   quercus-robur   quercus-rotundifolia   quercus-spp   quercus-suber   scirrhia-pini   secondary-opportunistic-pest   seiridium-cardinale   seiridium-spp   silver-fir-decline   species-decline   sphaeropsis-sapinea   temperate-mountain-system   ulmus-glabra  

Abstract

Abstract Most atmospheric scientists agree that climate changes are going to increase the mean temperature in Europe with increased frequency of climatic extremes, such as drought, floods, and storms. Under such conditions, there is high probability that forests will be subject to increased frequency and intensity of stress due to climatic extremes. Therefore, impacts of climate change on forest health should be carefully evaluated. Given these assumptions, several fungal diseases on trees may become more devastating because of the following factors: ...

 

Modelling soil erosion at European scale: towards harmonization and reproducibility

  
Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, Vol. 15, No. 2. (4 February 2015), pp. 225-245, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-15-225-2015

Abstract

Soil erosion by water is one of the most widespread forms of soil degradation. The loss of soil as a result of erosion can lead to decline in organic matter and nutrient contents, breakdown of soil structure and reduction of the water-holding capacity. Measuring soil loss across the whole landscape is impractical and thus research is needed to improve methods of estimating soil erosion with computational modelling, upon which integrated assessment and mitigation strategies may be based. Despite the efforts, the ...

 

The tree book : the indispensable guide to tree facts, crafts and lore

  
(1992)

Abstract

Focuses first on the natural history of ash, beech, birch, black poplar, lime, oak, scots pine and yew, then on all the other native trees from alder to willow. ...

 

Flooding tolerance of Central European tree and shrub species

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 235, No. 1-3. (2006), pp. 1-13, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2006.05.065
Keywords: abies-alba   acer-campestre   acer-platanoides   acer-pseudoplatanus   aesculus-hippocastanum   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-incana   alnus-viridis   amelancier-ovalis   anoxia   berberis-vulgaris   betula-pendula   carpinus-betulus   castanea-sativa   central-europe   corylus-avellana   crataegus-laevigata   crataegus-monogyna   fagus-sylvatica   flooding-tolerance   frangula-alnus   fraxinus-excelsior   hippophae-rhamnoides   ilex-aquifolium   juglans-regia   juniperus-communis   larix-decidua   ligustrum-vulgare   lonicera-xylosteum   malus-sylvestris   picea-abies   pinus-sylvestris   populus-alba   populus-nigra   populus-tremula   processes   prunus-avium   prunus-domestica   prunus-malaheb   prunus-padus   prunus-spinosa   quercus-petraea   quercus-pubescens   quercus-robur   rhamnus-cathartica   riparian-forest   river-restoration   robinia-pseudoacacia   salix-alba   salix-appendiculata   salix-caprea   salix-cinera   salix-daphnoides   salix-elaeagnos   salix-fragilis   salix-myrsinifolia-nigricans   salix-pentandra   salix-purpurea   salix-triandra   salix-viminalis   sambucus-nigra   sorbus-aria   sorbus-aucuparia   taxus-baccata   tilia-cordata   tilia-platyphyllos   ulmus-glabra   ulmus-minor   viburnum-lantana   viburnum-opalus  

Abstract

Extensive efforts have been made in recent years to restore rivers with a view to increasing the ecological value of riparian areas and the surrounding landscape and to improving the protection provided against extreme flooding events. One of the important factors for the successful establishment and survival of tree and shrub species in enlarged river corridors (particularly in lowlands) – and in retention basins – is their capacity to survive in anoxic conditions, i.e. their flooding tolerance. The importance of improving ...

 

Phytogeographical evidence for post-glacial dispersal limitation of European beech forest species

  
Ecography, Vol. 32, No. 6. (2009), pp. 1011-1018, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.2009.05957.x

Abstract

The post-glacial migration of European beech Fagus sylvatica has been addressed by many studies using either genetic or fossil data or a combination of both. In contrast to this, only little is known about the migration history of beech forest understorey species. In a review of phytosociological literature, we identified 110 plant species which are closely associated with beech forest. We divided the distribution range of European beech forests into 40 geographical regions, and the presence or absence of each species ...

 

Applying Geospatial Semantic Array Programming for a reproducible set of bioclimatic indices in Europe

  
IEEE Earthzine, Vol. 7, No. 2. (2014), 877975, https://doi.org/10.1101/009589

Abstract

Bioclimate-driven regression analysis is a widely used approach for modelling ecological niches and zonation. Although the bioclimatic complexity of the European continent is high, a particular combination of 12 climatic and topographic covariates was recently found able to reliably reproduce the ecological zoning of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) for forest resources assessment at pan-European scale, generating the first fuzzy similarity map of FAO ecozones in Europe. The reproducible procedure followed to derive this collection of ...

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Integrating selected ecological effects of mixed European beech - Norway spruce stands in bioeconomic modelling

  
Ecological Modelling, Vol. 210, No. 4. (February 2008), pp. 487-498, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2007.08.011

Abstract

The simplicity of many bioeconomic models has been criticised several times, due to their lack of realism resulting from a deterministic nature and a single-species focus. In this context it was interesting to test the financial sensitivity of bioeconomic modelling against fairly well documented ecological effects in mixed forests. For this purpose our study linked existing results of ecological research with bioeconomic modelling. The presented methodological approach could not only show the importance of considering ecological effects in bioeconomic models; it ...

 

Species selection for soil reinforcement and protection

  
In Slope Stability and Erosion Control: Ecotechnological Solutions (2008), pp. 167-210, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6676-4_6

Abstract

Species selection is vitally important for ensuring the success of any ecotechnological solution that may be employed on a particular site. The purpose of this chapter is to provide the engineer with a database of plant species that are suitable for both soil and slope stability by either mechanical or hydrological means, i.e., anchoring and buttressing of deep tap roots; bank and channel reinforcement; deep reinforcement and soil strength enhancement; removing soil moisture, surface protection, shallow reinforcement and erosion control. Protection ...

 

Selecting tree species for use in rockfall-protection forests

  
Forest Snow and Landscape Research, Vol. 80, No. 1. (2006), pp. 77-88

Abstract

Research on protection forests designed to alleviate rockfall hazard has increased enormously over the last decade. Data are available concerning the most suitable stem spacing and density regimes in stands.The species used in protection forests can also influence enormously the effectiveness of the forest in conferring a protective role. Little information exists, however, about either the mechanical resistance of different species to rock impacts or the recovery processes after sustaining a wound. This paper provides a short review of the work ...

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