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Selection: with tag energy [32 articles] 


New temperature-based models for predicting global solar radiation

Applied Energy, Vol. 179 (October 2016), pp. 437-450,


[Highlights] [::] New temperature-based models for estimating solar radiation are investigated. [::] The models are validated against 20-years measured data of global solar radiation. [::] The new temperature-based model shows the best performance for coastal sites. [::] The new temperature-based model is more accurate than the sunshine-based models. [::] The new model is highly applicable with weather temperature forecast techniques. [Abstract] This study presents new ambient-temperature-based models for estimating global solar radiation as alternatives to the widely used sunshine-based models owing to the unavailability of sunshine data at ...


Regional climate hindcast simulations within EURO-CORDEX: evaluation of a WRF multi-physics ensemble

Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 8, No. 3. (16 March 2015), pp. 603-618,


In the current work we present six hindcast WRF (Weather Research and Forecasting model) simulations for the EURO-CORDEX (European Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment) domain with different configurations in microphysics, convection and radiation for the time period 1990–2008. All regional model simulations are forced by the ERA-Interim reanalysis and have the same spatial resolution (0.44°). These simulations are evaluated for surface temperature, precipitation, short- and longwave downward radiation at the surface and total cloud cover. The analysis of the WRF ensemble ...


Analysis of the energetic flows through the SEBAL application to the assessment of the actual evapotranspiration in a Napa Valley vineyard California (USA)

In Clima e agricoltura: strategie di adattamento e mitigazione, Vol. 12 (June 2009), 56


The use of water resources is constantly growing in agriculture industry and the reduction of the this resource is due by both anthropogenic and climate factors. Under this perspective it is necessary to develop monitoring systems able to forecast the consumption of water. The knowledge of the actual water demand of a crop is therefore strategic for the rational use of resources and to improve the quality of the crop production. Recent applications of remote sensing in agriculture provide a valuable contribution to release this purpose, besides the integration of remotely sensed ...


Comparison between energy balance and mass balance models for actual evapotranspiration assessment

In Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XI, Vol. 7472 (2009), 747212,


The assessment of the water needs for a specific crop has a fundamental importance in the management of water resources. The application of empirical models able to retrieve estimates of the actual evapotranspiration (ETa) to assess the need for water could give a valid tool for the planning of water supply, avoiding unnecessary water losses. In this context, two independent models for estimating actual evapotranspiration were compared. The first model is based on an energy balance and uses remotely sensed data ...


A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2016

Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 31, No. 1. (January 2016), pp. 44-53,


This paper presents the results of our seventh annual horizon scan, in which we aimed to identify issues that could have substantial effects on global biological diversity in the future, but are not currently widely well known or understood within the conservation community. Fifteen issues were identified by a team that included researchers, practitioners, professional horizon scanners, and journalists. The topics include use of managed bees as transporters of biological control agents, artificial superintelligence, electric pulse trawling, testosterone in the aquatic ...


GECO 2015 - Global energy and climate outlook: road to Paris

Vol. EUR 27239 EN (2015),


This report presents the modelling work quoted in the EC communication "The Paris Protocol - a blueprint for tackling global climate change beyond 2020" in the EU's Energy Union package. It examines the effects of a Baseline scenario where current trends continue beyond 2020, and of a Global Mitigation scenario in line with keeping global warming below 2°C. The analysis uses the POLES and GEM-E3 models in a framework where economic welfare is maximised while tackling climate change. In the Baseline, ...


  1. Arezki, R., Blanchard, O., 2014. Seven Questions about the Recent Oil Price Slump. .
  2. AR5 database, 2015. IPCC Assessment Report 5 database. .
  3. Assunção, J., Gandour, C., Rocha, R., 2015. Deforestation slowdown in the Brazilian Amazon: prices or policies?. Environment and Development Economics, available on CJO2015. .
  4. BGR (German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources) 2013. Energy Study 2013.

Beneficial biofuels - The food, energy, and environment trilemma

Science, Vol. 325, No. 5938. (2009), pp. 270-271,


[Summary] Recent analyses of the energy and greenhouse-gas performance of alternative biofuels have ignited a controversy that may be best resolved by applying two simple principles. In a world seeking solutions to its energy, environmental, and food challenges, society cannot afford to miss out on the global greenhouse-gas emission reductions and the local environmental and societal benefits when biofuels are done right. However, society also cannot accept the undesirable impacts of biofuels done wrong. ...


Do biofuel policies seek to cut emissions by cutting food?

Science, Vol. 347, No. 6229. (2015), pp. 1420-1422,


Debates about biofuels tend to focus separately on estimates of adverse effects on food security, poverty, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions driven by land-use change (LUC) (1–4). These estimates often rely on global agriculture and land-use models. Because models differ substantially in their estimates of each of these adverse effects (2, 3, 5), some argue that each individual effect is too uncertain to influence policy (6, 7). Yet these arguments fail to recognize the trade-offs; much of the uncertainty is only ...


Greater transportation energy and GHG offsets from bioelectricity than ethanol

Science, Vol. 324, No. 5930. (2009), pp. 1055-1057,
Keywords: bioenergy   climate   energy   ghg   sustainability  


The quantity of land available to grow biofuel crops without affecting food prices or greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from land conversion is limited. Therefore, bioenergy should maximize land-use efficiency when addressing transportation and climate change goals. Biomass could power either internal combustion or electric vehicles, but the relative land-use efficiency of these two energy pathways is not well quantified. Here, we show that bioelectricity outperforms ethanol across a range of feedstocks, conversion technologies, and vehicle classes. Bioelectricity produces an average of ...


Impact of shale gas development on regional water quality

Science, Vol. 340, No. 6134. (2013),


[Structured Abstract] [::Background] Natural gas has recently emerged as a relatively clean energy source that offers the opportunity for a number of regions around the world to reduce their reliance on energy imports. It can also serve as a transition fuel that will allow for the shift from coal to renewable energy resources while helping to reduce the emissions of CO2, criteria pollutants, and mercury by the power sector. Horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing make the extraction of tightly bound natural gas from ...


The future of seawater desalination: energy, technology, and the environment

Science, Vol. 333, No. 6043. (2011), pp. 712-717,


In recent years, numerous large-scale seawater desalination plants have been built in water-stressed countries to augment available water resources, and construction of new desalination plants is expected to increase in the near future. Despite major advancements in desalination technologies, seawater desalination is still more energy intensive compared to conventional technologies for the treatment of fresh water. There are also concerns about the potential environmental impacts of large-scale seawater desalination plants. Here, we review the possible reductions in energy demand by state-of-the-art ...


The circular economy

Nature, Vol. 531, No. 7595. (23 March 2016), pp. 435-438,


A new relationship with our goods and materials would save resources and energy and create local jobs, explains Walter R. Stahel. [Excerpt: Systems thinking] There are three kinds of industrial economy: linear, circular and performance. [\n] A linear economy flows like a river, turning natural resources into base materials and products for sale through a series of value-adding steps. At the point of sale, ownership and liability for risks and waste pass to the buyer (who is now owner and user). The owner decides ...


Energy from renewable sources

In Statistics Explained (2015), 26960


This article presents a detailed statistical overview of the production and consumption of energy from renewable sources in the European Union (EU). It is based on data compiled in accordance with accounting rules set down in the Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. The statistical information presented in this article is coherent with statistical information reported under Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 on energy statistics. [\n] Renewable energy in the EU has grown strongly in recent ...

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Tackle climate change in Europe

In MEPs' Action Plans for a One Planet Europe (2014)


[Excerpt] In order to give certainty to investors and a clear position for international negotiations, the EU is developing a new framework of climate and energy laws for 2030. The recent European Parliament own-initiative report on the 2030 climate and energy targets goes further than the agreement reached by the European Council. A major weakness of the Commission’s assessment of the impact of decarbonisation is that it considers only costs, and fail to account for the benefits of climate and energy policies. WWF believes it is not ...


  1. DG for Climate Action, 2013. Special Eurobarometer 409 - Climate change. (pp.45-48). TNS Opinion and Social, European Commission, Brussels.
  2. European Commission, 2014. Commission staff working document impact assessment: Accompanying the document Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions A policy framework for climate and energy in the period from 2020 up to 2030.

Identification of the most productive species from the Salix genus and its use in energetic cultures

Journal of Horticulture, Forestry and Biotechnology, Vol. 18, No. 1. (2014), pp. 209-213


At the beginning of the third millennium, the population on Earth is facing a few major problems: the energetic crisis, the problem of stoping the degradation of land and the problem of environmental pollution, the climate changes, etc. The need of development of the energy system, the increased consuption of energy, the depletion of fossil fuels, the environmental pollution, etc., motivated states across the Globe to make major investments in research and development of unconventional energy systems such as: Solar energy, ...


Sediment-yield prediction with Universal Equation using runoff energy factor

In Present and Prospective Technology for Predicting Sediment Yield and Sources, Vol. ARS-S-40 (1975), pp. 244-252
Keywords: energy   modelling   runoff   sediment-yield   usle  


[Excerpt] The universal soil loss equation was developed for predicting field soil loss as a guide to conservation farm planning, but it can be used to predict sediment yield from watersheds when a delivery ratio is applied. Delivery ratios (the sediment yield at any point along a channel divided by the source erosion above that point) have been computed for some physiographic areas and related to watershed characteristics. However, the few areas studied represent only a small portion of the United ...


Goodbye to carbon neutral: Getting biomass footprints right

Environmental Impact Assessment Review, Vol. 29, No. 3. (April 2009), pp. 165-168,


Most guidance for carbon footprinting, and most published carbon footprints or LCAs, presume that biomass heating fuels are carbon neutral. However, it is recognised increasingly that this is incorrect: biomass fuels are not always carbon neutral. Indeed, they can in some cases be far more carbon positive than fossil fuels. This flaw in carbon footprinting guidance and practice can be remedied. In carbon footprints (not just of biomass or heating fuels, but all carbon footprints), rather than applying sequestration credits and ...


Biotic invasions: causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control

Ecological Applications, Vol. 10, No. 3. (June 2000), pp. 689-710,[0689:bicegc];2


Biotic invaders are species that establish a new range in which they proliferate, spread, and persist to the detriment of the environment. They are the most important ecological outcomes from the unprecedented alterations in the distribution of the earth's biota brought about largely through human transport and commerce. In a world without borders, few if any areas remain sheltered from these immigrations. The fate of immigrants is decidedly mixed. Few survive the hazards of chronic and stochastic forces, and only a small ...


Supporting environmental and energy decisions through an open software structure

In Proceedings of the iEMSs Third Biennial Meeting: "Summit on Environmental Modelling and Software" (July 2006)


Public participation to environmental planning and management decisions, as suggested by local Agenda 21 processes, can be supported by software tools developed with a cyclic interaction with all the stakeholders and simple enough to be quickly operated by a large set of heterogeneous users. This also helps preventing their rapid aging and their excessive dependence on changing technologies. We experimented the development of such software tools using an Office type environment to store data, analyse, and geographically represent the effects of ...


Climate impacts in Europe - The JRC PESETA II project

edited by J. C. Ciscar


The objective of the JRC PESETA II project is to gain insights into the sectoral and regional patterns of climate change impacts in Europe by the end of this century. The study uses a large set of climate model runs and impact categories (ten impacts: agriculture, energy, river floods, droughts, forest fires, transport infrastructure, coasts, tourism, habitat suitability of forest tree species and human health). The project integrates biophysical direct climate impacts into a macroeconomic economic model, which enables the comparison ...


  1. Aaheim, A., Amundsen, H., Dokken, T., Wei, T., 2012. Impacts and Adaptation to Climate Change in European Economies. Global Environmental Change 22(4), 959-968. .
  2. Alley, R.B., Whillans, I.M., 1991. Changes in the West Antarctic ice sheet. Science 254 (5034), 959–963. .
  3. Anstey, J., Davini, P., Gray, L., Woollings, T., 2012. Multi-model analysis of winter blocking and tropospheric jet variability: The roles of horizontal and vertical resolution. Submitted to J.

Renewable energy: back the renewables boom

Nature, Vol. 507, No. 7492. (19 March 2014), pp. 300-302,


Low-carbon technologies are getting better and cheaper each year, but continued public-policy support is needed to sustain progress, says Jessika E. Trancik. [Excerpt] [...] Public policies to encourage the development and adoption of renewable-energy technologies are essential, because low-carbon performance is not visible to most consumers and carbon is not priced in the global market. [...] The speed of energy-technology innovation is only just coming to light as long-term data sets become available. My analyses of 30 or more years of data2–4 show ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 12

(February 2014)
Keywords: endangered-species   endemic-species   endophtic-fungi   energy   energy-consumption   engineering   england   english   enological-parameters   ensemble   enso   enterolobium-cyclocarpum   entransy   entropy   environment-society-economy   environmental-factors   environmental-modelling   environmental-policy   environmental-predictors   envisat-asar   enzykl-holzgew-handb-atlas-dendrol   ephedra-distachya   epinotia-solandriana   epirrita-autumnata   epistemology   eppo   equador   equity   erica-arborea   erica-australis   erica-spp   erica-tetralix   erica-vagans   erodibility   erosion   erosivity   error-clustering   error-spatial-correlation   errors   erwinia-salicis   eryobotria-japonica   erythrina-abyssinica   erythrina-poeppigiana   erythrina-sandwicensis   erythrina-variegata   escarpment   esdac   essential-oils   estonia   ethics   eu-27   eucaliptus-camaldulensis   eucalyptus-citriodora   eucalyptus-coccifera   eucalyptus-diversicolor   eucalyptus-globulus   eucalyptus-gunii   eucalyptus-nitens   eucalyptus-regnans   eucalyptus-spp   euclystis-spp   eucryphia-cordifolia   eugenia-malaccensis   euonymus-europaea   euonymus-europaeus   euonymus-latifolia   euonymus-spp   euonymus-verrucosa   euproctis-chrysorrhoea   europe   europe-2020   european-black-poplar   european-commission   european-conifer   european-council   european-parliament   european-research-council   european-soil-data-centre   european-union   euterpe-oleracea   eutrophication   evaporation   evapotranspiration   even-aged-forest   evergreen   evolution   evolutionary-techniques   evolutionary-tools   evonymus-europaea   ex-situ-conservation   exotic-plants   expat   experimental-approach   experimental-mathematics   expert-judgement   expert-systems   extinction   inrmm-list-of-tags  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


The power of biomass: Experts disclose the potential for success of bioenergy technologies

Energy Policy, Vol. 65 (February 2014), pp. 94-114,


This paper focuses on technologies which use thermo-chemical or biochemical processes to convert biomass into electricity. We present the results from an expert elicitation exercise involving sixteen leading experts coming from different EU Member States. Aim of the elicitation was to assess the potential cost reduction of RD&D (Research, Development and Demonstration) efforts and to identify barriers to the diffusion of these technologies. The research sheds light on the future potential of bioenergy technologies both in OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation ...


Microbial production of short-chain alkanes

Nature, No. 7472. (29 September 2013), pp. 571-574,


Increasing concerns about limited fossil fuels and global environmental problems have focused attention on the need to develop sustainable biofuels from renewable resources. Although microbial production of diesel has been reported, production of another much in demand transport fuel, petrol (gasoline), has not yet been demonstrated. Here we report the development of platform Escherichia coli strains that are capable of producing short-chain alkanes (SCAs; petrol), free fatty acids (FFAs), fatty esters and fatty alcohols through the fatty acyl (acyl carrier protein ...


Impact of tree saplings on the kinetic energy of rainfall—The importance of stand density, species identity and tree architecture in subtropical forests in China

Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 156 (April 2012), pp. 31-40,


Abstract In order to estimate the influence of plant architectural traits on the erosivity of throughfall we studied throughfall kinetic energy (KE) under tree saplings in a plantation-like experiment in the humid subtropics. Our analyses of rainfall and throughfall KE are based on measurements using calibrated splash cups. Two experiments were carried out, one focusing on density effects and the other testing for species-specific effects and effects of species mixtures. The major architectural traits were measured to characterize sapling morphology. Mixed effects ...


Optimal Flow Allocation in the Zambezi River System

Water Resources Management In Water Resources Management, Vol. 11, No. 5. (1997), pp. 377-393,


The optimal flow allocation in the Zambezi system, the largest multi-reservoir water resources system in southern Africa, is analysed. The problem is formulated in network terms and solved with a network flow algorithm. The present configuration of the system is taken as the reference to evaluate the benefits of the proposed modifications to the existing hydropower schemes. The introduction of additional operational constraints is also considered in order to analyse the costs of environmental protection of paludal ecosystems and to account ...


On the Age of the Sun’s Heat

Macmillan's Magazine, Vol. 5 (March 1862), pp. 388-393


The second great law of thermodynamics involves a certain principle of irreversible action in Nature. It is thus shown that, although mechanical energy is indestructible, there is a universal tendency to its dissipation, which produces gradual augmentation and diffusion of heat, cessation of motion, and exhaustion of potential energy through the material universe. [1] The result would inevitably be a state of universal rest and death, if the universe were finite and left to obey existing laws. But it is impossible ...


Wood: The fuel of the future

The Economist, No. Apr 6th, 2013. (2013)


Excerpt: Which source of renewable energy is most important to the European Union? Solar power, perhaps? (Europe has three-quarters of the world’s total installed capacity of solar photovoltaic energy.) Or wind? The answer is neither. By far the largest so-called renewable fuel used in Europe is wood. ...


Energy from biomass: the size of the global resource - An assessment of the evidence that biomass can make a major contribution to future global energy supply



Executive summary: Why this report? Many future energy scenarios indicate a prominent role for bio-energy (fuels, heat and power from biological matter or biomass), but there is significant controversy around the potential contribution of biomass to global energy production. This stems from the environmental and social risks that could be associated with producing biomass. Concerns include the sustainability of increasing crop yields and intensifying agriculture, the prospect that competition for land will impact on food production, and the potential for environmentally damaging land use change. The controversy surrounding ...


Computer engineering: Feeling the heat

Nature, Vol. 492, No. 7428. (12 December 2012), pp. 174-176,


The more that microcircuits are shrunk, the hotter they get. Engineers are on the hunt for ways to cool off computing. ...


Climate change in the context of development cooperation

No. COM(2003) 85 final. (March 2003)

A GIS-based approach to evaluate biomass potential from energy crops at regional scale

Environmental Modelling & Software, Vol. 25, No. 6. (07 June 2010), pp. 702-711,


The aim of the paper is to propose a method to maximize energy production from arboreous and herbaceous dedicated crops given the characteristics of the local environment: geo-morphology, climate, natural heritage, current land use. The best energy crops available in the Italian panorama are identified and the problem of maximizing the bioenergy production over an entire regional area is formulated. Each cultivar is thus assigned to the suitable land accounting for sensitive parameters that characterize it and taking into account current ...

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Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database.

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.