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Selection: with tag effis [29 articles] 

 

Spreading like wildfire

  
Nature Climate Change, Vol. 7, No. 11. (November 2017), pp. 755-755, https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3432

Abstract

The 2017 wildfire season has seen unusually high fire levels in many parts of the world, with extensive and severe fires occurring in Chile, the Mediterranean, Russia, the US, Canada and even Greenland. Is this a sign of things to come? [Excerpt] During January and February, Chile experienced what their president Michelle Bachelet called “The greatest forest disaster in our history”. The nation was not adequately equipped to tackle these fires, leading the government to enact a state of emergency and accept ...

 

Forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2016

  

Abstract

[Excerpt: Foreword] Forests, agricultural land and natural areas continue to burn, both within and outside Europe. Lives of European citizens are lost and endangered. By early September 2017, wildfires have already burnt nearly 700 000 ha of land in the EU; hence this season will most likely be remembered as one of the most devastating wildfire seasons in Europe since records began. Moreover, sadly this year’s fires have taken a huge toll of lives in Southern Europe. Extreme weather conditions such ...

 

The European Fire Database: technical specifications and data submission

  
Vol. 26546 (2014), https://doi.org/10.2788/2175

Abstract

The European Fire Database is an important component of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS), the EC focal point of information on forest fires established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the Directorate General for Environment to provide up to date and harmonized information on forest fires in Europe. As of 2014 EFFIS is part of the Forest Information System for Europe (FISE), following the new EU Forest Strategy adopted in 2013. The Fire Database is the largest repository ...

 

Regional variation in fire weather controls the reported occurrence of Scottish wildfires

  
PeerJ, Vol. 4 (02 November 2016), e2649, https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2649

Abstract

Fire is widely used as a traditional habitat management tool in Scotland, but wildfires pose a significant and growing threat. The financial costs of fighting wildfires are significant and severe wildfires can have substantial environmental impacts. Due to the intermittent occurrence of severe fire seasons, Scotland, and the UK as a whole, remain somewhat unprepared. Scotland currently lacks any form of Fire Danger Rating system that could inform managers and the Fire and Rescue Services (FRS) of periods when there is ...

 

Forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2015

  

Abstract

This is the 16th issue of the EFFIS annual report on forest fires for the year 2015. This report is consolidated as highly appreciated documentation of the previous year's forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa. In its different sections, the report includes information on the evolution of fire danger in the European and Mediterranean regions, the damage caused by fires and detailed description of the fire conditions during the 2015 fire campaign in the majority of countries in the EFFIS network The chapter ...

 

Decreasing fires in Mediterranean Europe

  
PLoS ONE, Vol. 11, No. 3. (16 March 2016), e0150663, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150663

Abstract

Forest fires are a serious environmental hazard in southern Europe. Quantitative assessment of recent trends in fire statistics is important for assessing the possible shifts induced by climate and other environmental/socioeconomic changes in this area. Here we analyse recent fire trends in Portugal, Spain, southern France, Italy and Greece, building on a homogenized fire database integrating official fire statistics provided by several national/EU agencies. During the period 1985-2011, the total annual burned area (BA) displayed a general decreasing trend, with the ...

 

Stability of atmospheric flow and low-level jets influencing forest fire behavior - An EFFIS report

  
Vol. EUR 27362 EN (2015), https://doi.org/10.2788/54976

Abstract

During the past years, there have been a considerable number of occasions that a forest fire burns with such strong intensity that seems far out of proportion to apparent burning conditions. This proved to be the case for the Sweden fire "blow-up" that took place during 4 August 2014 between Sala and Surahammar municipalities. The fire broke out after an unusual spell of hot, dry summer weather in northern Europe and proved to be the Sweden's largest wildfire in 40 years ...

References

  1. Anderson, H.E., 1982. Aids to determining fuel models for estimating fire behaviors. General Technical Report INT - 122. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs_int/int_gtr122.pdf .
  2. Andersson, E., Fisher, M., Hólm, E., Isaksen, L., Radnóti, G., Trémolet, Y., 2005. Will the 4D-Var approach be defeated by nonlinearity? ECMWF Tech Memo 479. http://www.ecmwf.int/publications .
  3. Bally, J., 1995. The Haines Index as a predictor of fire activity in
 

Development of a methodology for the analysis of socio-economic impact of forest fires in Europe

  
In The 5th International Wildland Fire Conference (May 2011)
 

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Innovating for Sustainable Growth: A Bioeconomy for Europe

  
No. COM(2012) 60 final. (2012)

Abstract

[Excerpt] A bioeconomy strategy for Europe In order to cope with an increasing global population, rapid depletion of many resources, increasing environmental pressures and climate change, Europe needs to radically change its approach to production, consumption, processing, storage, recycling and disposal of biological resources. The Europe 2020 Strategy calls for a bioeconomy as a key element for smart and green growth in Europe. Advancements in bioeconomy research and innovation uptake will allow Europe to improve the management of its renewable biological ...

 

Forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2011

  

Abstract

This is the 12th "Forest fires in Europe" report published by the European Commission. The area covered by the report has been enlarged to include also Middle East and North Africa countries, thus also the title of the report has been changed accordingly. The report contains a summary of the 2011 fire season in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa with official statistics of the number of fires and burned area compiled by the contributing countries. In addition to country ...

 

Forest Fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2013

  

Abstract

This is the 14-th Forest Fires in Europe report published by the European Commission. The report contains a summary of the 2013 fire season in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa with official statistics on the number of fires and burnt areas compiled by the contributing countries. In addition to country reports with a summary of the 2013 fire season provided by the countries, the report Forest Fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa informs about the latest developments ...

 

Forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2012

  

Abstract

This is the 13th Forest Fires in Europe report published by the European Commission. The area covered by the report includes also Middle East and North Africa countries, thus the title has been changed accordingly. The report contains a summary of the 2012 fire season in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa with official statistics on the number of fires and burnt areas compiled by the contributing countries. In addition to country reports with a summary of the past fire ...

 

Design and function of the European Forest Fire Information System

  
Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, Vol. 79, No. 10. (1 October 2013), pp. 965-973, https://doi.org/10.14358/pers.79.10.965

Abstract

The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) is a modular decision support system that monitors forest fires at a continental scale. It delivers real-time, multi-dimensional data on forest fires to civil protection and fire fighting services in Europe, North Africa, and the Middle-East. Since its inception in 2001, EFFIS has evolved into the central reference point for pan-European forest and wildfire information, and this paper describes and current applications demonstrate the state-of-the-art fire information systems that provide data to civil protection ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 11

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: doronicum-hungaricum   doronicum-orientale   dothistroma-pini   dothistroma-septosporum   downscaling   dracaena-draco   dracaena-drago   drinking-water   drought-stress   drought-tolerance   droughts   dry-summers   dry-years   dryas-octopetala   dryocoetus-autographus   dryocopus-martius   dss   dublin-core   duplicated-entry-to-be-removed   durio-zibethinus   dutch-elm   dutch-elm-disease   dynamic-data-driven-application-system   dynamic-downscaling   dynamic-programming   dynamic-vegetation-models   e-obs   e-rusle   early-dissemination   early-medieval   earth-observation   earth-system   earthquakes   east-africa   east-china-see   east-europe   ebola   ecological-change   ecological-corridor   ecological-footprint   ecological-networks   ecological-restoration   ecological-zones   ecology   economic-impacts   economic-value   economics   economy-bias   ecophysiology   ecoprovinces   ecosystem   ecosystem-change   ecosystem-conservation   ecosystem-decline   ecosystem-disservices   ecosystem-functions   ecosystem-heterogeneity   ecosystem-invasibility   ecosystem-management   ecosystem-processes   ecosystem-resilience   ecosystem-services   ecotype   edge-effect   edible-plants   editorial   editorial-policy   education   eemian   efdac   effective-gene-flow   effectiveness   effects   efficienct   effis   eficp   efics   efsa   efsa-scientific-opinion   egypt   el-nino   elaeagnus-angustifolia   elatobium-abietinum   elderberry-wine   electronics   elevation   elisa   ellenberg-climatic-quotient   ellenberg-numbers   elm-phloem-necrosis   elsevier   emergency-events   emergency-management   emergent-engineering   emergent-property   empetrum-nigrum   empirical-equation   emulation   end-of-history-bias   inrmm-list-of-tags  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

The EFFIS forest fire atmospheric emission model: application to a major fire event in Portugal

  
Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 84 (February 2014), pp. 355-362, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.11.059
Keywords: effis   fire-emissions   modelling   portugal   wildfires  

Abstract

[Highlights] [::] The new forest fire emission model developed for the EFFIS system is tested. [::] A large forest fire event occurred in 2011 in Portugal was selected for study case. [::] Hourly emissions were calculated for all gas and particulate pollutants. [::] These fire emissions represent more than 90% of the total annual amount emitted. [::] The impact of these forest fire emissions on air quality is also addressed. [Abstract] Forest fires are a major contributor of gaseous and particulate compounds to the atmosphere, impairing air quality ...

 

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - A new EU forest strategy: for forests and the forest based sector

  
No. COM(2013) 659 final. (20 September 2013)

Abstract

[Excerpt: Guiding principles] [::] Sustainable forest management and the multifunctional role of forests, delivering multiple goods and services in a balanced way and ensuring forest protection; [::] Resource efficiency, optimising the contribution of forests and the forest sector to rural development, growth and job creation. [::] Global forest responsibility, promoting sustainable production and consumption of forest products. [\n] Europe has a long tradition of sustainable forest management, which is reflected in the FOREST EUROPE principles applied by Member States’ policies and supported ...

 

A MODIS assessment of the summer 2007 extent burned in Greece

  
International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 29, No. 8. (25 March 2008), pp. 2433-2436, https://doi.org/10.1080/01431160701874561
Keywords: burnt-scar-mapping   data   dataset   effis   greece   modis   wildfires  

Abstract

Devastating fires affected Greece in the summer 2007, with the loss of more than 60 human lives, the destruction of more than 100 villages and hundreds of square kilometres of forest burned. This Letter presents a map of the extent burned and the approximate day of burning in Greece mapped by the MODIS burned area product for 22 June to 30 August 2007 and the burned areas mapped independently by the European Forest Fires Information Service (EFFIS). The characteristics of the ...

 

A data-driven model for large wildfire behaviour prediction in Europe

  
Procedia Computer Science, Vol. 18 (2013), pp. 1861-1870, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2013.05.355

Abstract

The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) has been established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the Directorate General for Environment (DG ENV) of the European Commission (EC) in close collaboration with the Member States and neighbour countries. EFFIS is intended as complementary system to national and regional systems in the countries, providing harmonised information required for international collaboration on forest fire prevention and fighting and in cases of trans-boundary fire events. However, one missing component in the system is ...

 

Assessment of forest fire impacts and emissions in the European Union based on the European Forest Fire Information System

  
In Wildland Fires and Air Pollution, Vol. 8 (2008), pp. 197-208, https://doi.org/10.1016/s1474-8177(08)00008-9

Abstract

An analysis on the number of forest fires and burned area distribution as retrieved by the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) database is presented. On average, from 2000 to 2005 about 95,000 fires occurred annually in 23 European countries, burning almost 600,000 ha of forest land every year. Of these about two-thirds or 65,000 fires occurred in 5 European Union (EU) Mediterranean countries (France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain) where on average half a million hectares of forest land were burned ...

 

Multi-disciplinary forest fire danger assessment in Europe: the potential to integrate long-term drought information

  
International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research, Vol. 7 (2012), pp. 300-322, https://doi.org/10.2902/1725-0463.2012.07.art15

Abstract

A key motivation for multi-disciplinary collaborations is the inclusion of data and knowledge from contributing disciplines for the further development of existing models. The objective of this research is to evaluate the potential of using drought information from the European Drought Observatory (EDO) to complement the forest fire danger assessment of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS). Drought conditions are provided through the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI), which is a spatially invariant and probabilistic year-round index based on precipitation alone. ...

 

Teaming drought with wildfires: EU researchers suggest new data for Forest Weather Index

  
IEEE Earthzine, Vol. 5, No. 2. (2012), 379533

Abstract

[Excerpt] In the summer of 2003, 18 people died and more than 500,000 acres of forests and farmland were destroyed in fires in Portugal, marking the country’s worst fire season on record. These fires raged on the heels of an extreme heat wave – one meteorologists called a 500-year event – that swept over Europe and took the lives of more than 70,000. [\n] Forest fires in the European Union (EU) kill up to 20 people a year on average, including firefighters and ...

 

Fire news management in the context of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS)

  
In proceedings of "Quinta conferenza italiana sul software geografico e sui dati geografici liberi" (GFOSS DAY 2012) (2012), https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.101918

Abstract

[Introduction] The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) has been established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the Directorate General for Environment (DG ENV) of the European Commission (EC) in close collaboration with the Member States and neighbor countries. EFFIS is intended as complementary system to national and regional systems in the countries, which provides harmonized information required for international collaboration on forest fire prevention and fighting and in cases of trans-boundary fire events. It provides updated information before (fire ...

References

  1. Annoni, A., Craglia, M., de Roo, A., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., 2010. Earth observations and dynamic mapping: Key assets for risk management. In: Konecny, M., Zlatanova, S., Bandrova, T. L. (Eds.), Geographic Information and Cartography for Risk and Crisis Management. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 3-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03442-8_1 .
  2. Bishr, M., Kuhn, W., 2007. Geospatial information Bottom-Up: A matter of trust and semantics. In: Fabrikant, S., Wachowicz, M. (Eds.), The European
 

Enhancing the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) with open source software

  
In FOSS4G 2010 (September 2010)

Abstract

The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) of the European Commission provides since the year 2000 support to forest fire prevention and fighting in Europe. The system is built using open source geospatial software such as OpenLayers, TileCache, MapServer, GeoServer and GDAL/OGR. The decision to use open source software came from the need for a flexible and reliable system, which could quickly and easily be extended to accommodate for changes in end user requirements. Recent developments in geospatial open source software ...

 

Earth observations and dynamic mapping: key assets for risk management

  
In Geographic Information and Cartography for Risk and Crisis Management (2010), pp. 3-21, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03442-8_1

Abstract

The timelines and the accuracy of information provided and used are recognized as being critical when dealing with emergencies. The traditional ways to display much of the information in maps had many limitations, which are now being overcome with major progress in the way data are collected, organized, accessed, and communicated. This chapter provides an overview of current Earth Observation capacity with some examples in relation to forest fires and floods that serve to illustrate the main characteristics including governance and ...

 

L'utilizzo di software GFOSS nello European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS)

  
In 3a conferenza italiana sul software geografico libero (GFOSS Day 2010) (November 2010)
 

The European Fire Database: development, structure and implementation

  
In 6th International Conference on Forest Fire Research, No. A20. (November 2010)
 

Wildfires in Europe: the analysis of past and future trends within the European Forest Fire Information System

  
In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, Vol. 12 (May 2010), 15401

Abstract

Forest fires are an integral part of forest dynamics. They have been largely influential in shaping the forest landscape of Europe, especially in the Mediterranean region. Fire event data collected by the countries in the region date back to the 1980s, although longer time series, although less accurate, can be reconstructed on the basis of major events in the region. At the European level, efforts of the countries and the European government to set up forest fire information systems were initiated in the early 1980s; ...

 

Comprehensive monitoring of wildfires in Europe: the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS)

  
In Approaches to Managing Disaster - Assessing Hazards, Emergencies and Disaster Impacts (14 March 2012), https://doi.org/10.5772/28441

Abstract

[Excerpt: Introduction] Fires are an integral component of ecosystem dynamics in European landscapes. However, uncontrolled fires cause large environmental and economic damages, especially in the Mediterranean region. On average, about 65000 fires occur in Europe every year, burning approximately half a million ha of wildland and forest areas; most of the burnt area, over 85%, is in the European Mediterranean region. Trends in number of fires and burnt areas in the Mediterranean region are presented in Fig. 1. [\n] Recent analyses of ...

 

The European Forest Fire Information System in the context of environmental policies of the European Union

  
Forest Policy and Economics, Vol. 29 (April 2013), pp. 19-25, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2011.08.012

Abstract

Since the mid-20th century, countries in Europe have been organized to record information on forest fires and their effects. These initiatives were established at regional and often national level, without major interaction among countries in Europe. With the expansion of the European Union in the 1980s, when Mediterranean countries were incorporated in the EU, the issue of forest fires increased in relevance, mainly due to the damages caused by fires in the natural areas of these countries. Initial EU policies related ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database. http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/effis

Publication metadata

Bibtex, RIS, RSS/XML feed, Json, Dublin Core

Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
Search only within the INRMM-MiD publication records:
Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.