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A gridded global data set of soil, intact regolith, and sedimentary deposit thicknesses for regional and global land surface modeling

Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 8, No. 1. (March 2016), pp. 41-65,


Earth's terrestrial near-subsurface environment can be divided into relatively porous layers of soil, intact regolith, and sedimentary deposits above unweathered bedrock. Variations in the thicknesses of these layers control the hydrologic and biogeochemical responses of landscapes. Currently, Earth System Models approximate the thickness of these relatively permeable layers above bedrock as uniform globally, despite the fact that their thicknesses vary systematically with topography, climate, and geology. To meet the need for more realistic input data for models, we developed a high-resolution ...


SoilGrids1km - Global soil information based on automated mapping

PLOS ONE, Vol. 9, No. 8. (29 August 2014), e105992,


Soils are widely recognized as a non-renewable natural resource and as biophysical carbon sinks. As such, there is a growing requirement for global soil information. Although several global soil information systems already exist, these tend to suffer from inconsistencies and limited spatial detail. We present SoilGrids1km â a global 3D soil information system at 1 km resolution â containing spatial predictions for a selection of soil properties (at six standard depths): soil organic carbon (g kgâ1), soil pH, sand, silt and ...


A dataset of forest biomass structure for Eurasia

Scientific Data, Vol. 4 (16 May 2017), 170070,


The most comprehensive dataset of in situ destructive sampling measurements of forest biomass in Eurasia have been compiled from a combination of experiments undertaken by the authors and from scientific publications. Biomass is reported as four components: live trees (stem, bark, branches, foliage, roots); understory (above- and below ground); green forest floor (above- and below ground); and coarse woody debris (snags, logs, dead branches of living trees and dead roots), consisting of 10,351 unique records of sample plots and 9,613 sample ...


Core trustworthy data repositories requirements



The Core Trustworthy Data Repository Requirements were developed by the DSA–WDS Partnership Working Group on Repository Audit and Certification, a Working Group (WG) of the Research Data Alliance . The goal of the effort was to create a set of harmonized common requirements for certification of repositories at the core level, drawing from criteria already put in place by the Data Seal of Approval (DSA: and the ICSU World Data System (ICSU-WDS: An additional goal of the project was ...


Data-driven predictions in the science of science

Science, Vol. 355, No. 6324. (03 February 2017), pp. 477-480,


The desire to predict discoveries—to have some idea, in advance, of what will be discovered, by whom, when, and where—pervades nearly all aspects of modern science, from individual scientists to publishers, from funding agencies to hiring committees. In this Essay, we survey the emerging and interdisciplinary field of the “science of science” and what it teaches us about the predictability of scientific discovery. We then discuss future opportunities for improving predictions derived from the science of science and its potential impact, ...


European soil database - Distribution version v2.0



[Excerpt] The information on this CD-ROM relates to the European Soil Database (distribution version v2.0) and consists of the following components: [::] An introduction to the European Soil Database explaining the essentials of its 4 components: [::1] the Soil Geographical Database of Eurasia at scale 1:1,000,000 (SGDBE) [::2] the Pedotransfer Rules Database (PTRDB) [::3] the Soil Profile Analytical Database of Europa (SPADBE) [::4] the Database of Hydraulic Properties of European Soils (HYPRES) [::] A collection of maps, which allows the user to view the soil attribute data [::] ...


Connecting models, data, and concepts to understand fragmentation's ecosystem-wide effects

Ecography, Vol. 40, No. 1. (January 2017), pp. 1-8,


[Excerpt: Conclusions] The body of experimental and theoretical work that has accumulated on the problem of habitat fragmentation has slowly matured over the years, and this Special Issue highlights this growth. Yet, it also provides a springboard to the new frontiers in fragmentation research. These areas include in particular the interplay between evolutionary and metacommunity dynamics with fragments, and this interface should be the subject of inquiry that integrates theory, experiment, and observation with resources at hand. New large-scale, experimental research should ...


The common NFI database

In National forest inventories: contributions to forest biodiversity assessments, Vol. 20 (2011), pp. 99-119,


To test bridging techniques for the harmonized estimation of forest biodiversity indicators for each of the selected essential features a common database was constructed and populated with raw NFI data provided by some of the COST Action E43 participating countries. The database was structured with five tables in a relational database: one table for descriptive plot data, one for tree level data, one for deadwood pieces, one for shrub data and one for ground vegetation. The database was populated with data ...


Analysis of daily, monthly, and annual burned area using the fourth-generation global fire emissions database (GFED4)

Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 118, No. 1. (2013), pp. 317-328,


We describe the fourth generation of the Global Fire Emissions Database (GFED4) burned area data set, which provides global monthly burned area at 0.25°  spatial resolution from mid-1995 through the present and daily burned area for the time series extending back to August 2000. We produced the full data set by combining 500 m MODIS burned area maps with active fire data from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Visible and Infrared Scanner (VIRS) and the Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) family of ...


European databases on invasive alien species

In Introduced tree species in European forests: opportunities and challenges (2016), pp. 136-143


[Excerpt] The capacity to identify and mitigate threats from invasive alien species (IAS) relies on accurate, updated and easily accessible information. This would help to synthesise risks and impacts of the most common and/or threatening IAS and to prevent and control biological invasions into European forests. [\n] The EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020 (COM 2011) has dedicated an action to prevent the introduction and establishment of IAS. The EU Regulation on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species, recently entered into force (EU ...


  1. Benesperi, R., Giuliani, C., Zanetti, S., Gennai, M., Lippi, M.M., Guidi, T., Foggi, B., 2012. Forest plant diversity is threatened by Robinia pseudoacacia (black-locust) invasion. Biodiversity and Conservation 21(14), 3555–3568. .
  2. Brundu, G., Richardson, D.M., 2016. Planted forests and invasive alien trees in Europe: a Code for managing existing and future plantings to mitigate the risk of negative impacts from invasions. NeoBiota 30, 5–47. .
  3. Chytrý, M., Lindsay, C.M.,

Georeferenced database of genetic diversity (GD)2 - User manual

(February 2016)
edited by Antoine Kremer


[Excerpt: Objectives] This database contains genetic and georeferenced passport data of different genetic units that are traditionally analyzed by geneticists and ecologists. Genetic data include marker data (Microsatellites, Single nucletotide polymorphisms, PCR DNA fragments etc...) coming either from diploid or haploid tissue for wich genetic parameters have been calculated (allelic or nucleotide frequencies, diversity statistics). Passport data include all other data than genetic, ranging from geographic coordinates to ecological or physiographic data of the location of the genetic units. Genetic units are either single individuals or populations on which ...


European Forest Genetic Resources Programme



[Excerpt: About EUFORGEN] EUFORGEN has been facilitating international collaboration on forest genetic resources over 20 years under the framework of the pan-European forest policy process, FOREST EUROPE (earlier the Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe, MCPFE). The overall goal of EUFORGEN is to promote the conservation and appropriate use of forest genetic resources as an integral part of sustainable forest management in Europe. [\n] The Programme brings together experts from its member countries to exchange information and experiences, analyse ...


Evaluation of BioSoil demonstration project - Soil data analysis

EUR - Scientific and Technical Research, Vol. 24729 (2011)


The BioSoil demonstration Project was initiated under the Forest Focus-Scheme (Regulation (EC) Nr. 2152/2003) concerning the monitoring of forests and environmental interactions in the Community, and aimed to broaden the scope of previous forest monitoring activities (on atmospheric pollution and forest fires) to the fields of soil characteristics and biodiversity indicators. The evaluation of the project concentrated on analysing a selected number of parameters submitted by NFCs for estimating the distribution and changes in soil organic carbon and the performance of ...


  1. Annoni, A., Luzet, C., Gubler, E., Ihde, J., 2003. Map Projections for Europe. In, Luxembourg, p. 131.
  2. Breiman, L., Friedman, J.H., Olshen, R.A., Stone, C.J., 1984. Classification and Regression Trees.
  3. Chapman & Hall, New York, .
  4. Granke, O., 2006. ForestBIOTA Work Report: Assessment of Ground vegetation. In. Federal Research Centre for Forestry and Forest Products (BFH), Hamburg, Germany, p. 20.
  5. Shannon, C.E., 1948. A Mathematical

Plant parameter values for models in temperate climates

Ecological Modelling, Vol. 169, No. 2-3. (November 2003), pp. 237-293,


Ecological, and especially hydrological models used to assess the effects of land cover changes require various input parameters for plants. Regional model applications rely on detailed information about the properties of the vegetation, especially if process-based approaches are chosen. As raising acceptable data is a time consuming issue, scientists often use globally approximated plant parameter ranges, rather than considering published data sets. The plant parameters summarised in this overview, i.e. albedo, interception capacity, maximum leaf area index, rooting depth, plant height ...


Changes in data sharing and data reuse practices and perceptions among scientists worldwide

PLoS ONE, Vol. 10, No. 8. (26 August 2015), e0134826,


The incorporation of data sharing into the research lifecycle is an important part of modern scholarly debate. In this study, the DataONE Usability and Assessment working group addresses two primary goals: To examine the current state of data sharing and reuse perceptions and practices among research scientists as they compare to the 2009/2010 baseline study, and to examine differences in practices and perceptions across age groups, geographic regions, and subject disciplines. We distributed surveys to a multinational sample of scientific researchers ...


Georeferenced Database of Genetic Diversity - (GD)2 database



[Excerpt] The (GD)2 database (Georeferenced Database of Genetic Diversity) contains genetic and georeferenced passport data of different genetic units (populations, single trees) that are traditionally analyzed in genetic surveys conducted in natural populations. [Description] The main objective is to view data (either allelic/haplotypic frequencies or aggregated diversity statistics) on a Google Earth interface map. Data can also be exported in different formats to be used for data analysis by different software packages. [...] ...


EUFGIS - Establishment of a European information system on forest genetic resources



[Excerpt] The EUFGIS project (April 2007-March 2011) created an online information system for forest genetic resources (FGR) inventories in Europe to support the countries in their efforts to implement FGR conservation as part of sustainable forest management. [\n] The project focused on improving documentation and management of dynamic conservation units of forest trees. Dynamic conservation of genetic diversity emphasizes the maintenance of evolutionary processes within tree populations to safeguard their potential for continuous adaptation. This means either managing tree populations at their natural ...


The FAOSTAT database of greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture - IOPscience

Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 8, No. 1. (2013), 015009,


Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture, including crop and livestock production, forestry and associated land use changes, are responsible for a significant fraction of anthropogenic emissions, up to 30% according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Yet while emissions from fossil fuels are updated yearly and by multiple sources—including national-level statistics from the International Energy Agency (IEA)—no comparable efforts for reporting global statistics for agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU) emissions exist: the latest complete assessment was the ...

Visual summary


Using LiDAR technology in forestry activities

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment In Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 151, No. 1-4. (2009), pp. 117-125,


Managing natural resources in wide-scale areas can be highly time and resource consuming task which requires significant amount of data collection in the field and reduction of the data in the office to provide the necessary information. High performance LiDAR remote sensing technology has recently become an effective tool for use in applications of natural resources. In the field of forestry, the LiDAR measurements of the forested areas can provide high-quality data on three-dimensional characterizations of forest structures. Besides, LiDAR data ...


The use of terrestrial LiDAR technology in forest science: application fields, benefits and challenges

Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 68, No. 5. (2011), pp. 959-974,


[Introduction] The use of terrestrial LiDAR (light detection and ranging) scanners in forest environments is being studied extensively at present due to the high potential of this technology to acquire three-dimensional data on standing trees rapidly and accurately. This article aims to establish the state-of-the-art in this emerging area. [Objectives] Terrestrial LiDAR has been applied to forest inventory measurements (plot cartography, species recognition, diameter at breast height, tree height, stem density, basal area and plot-level wood volume estimates) and canopy characterisation (virtual ...


Prodromo della vegetazione italiana



[Excerpt] In attuazione della Strategia Nazionale per la Biodiversità 2011-2020, il Ministero dell’Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare intende divulgare e rendere fruibile il “Prodromo della vegetazione italiana” coniugando, in tal modo, le conoscenze della ricerca scientifica con le esigenze applicative della conservazione, gestione e uso sostenibile della biodiversità. Il Prodromo della Vegetazione d’Italia è uno strumento di lavoro per ricercatori, professionisti, pubblici amministratori e, nello stesso tempo, rappresenta una opportunità di conoscenza per appassionati della natura e ...


The European Modern Pollen Database (EMPD) project

Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, Vol. 22, No. 6. (2013), pp. 521-530,
Keywords: data   europe   paleo-climate   paleoecology   pollen   vegetation  


Modern pollen samples provide an invaluable research tool for helping to interpret the quaternary fossil pollen record, allowing investigation of the relationship between pollen as the proxy and the environmental parameters such as vegetation, land-use, and climate that the pollen proxy represents. The European Modern Pollen Database (EMPD) is a new initiative within the European Pollen Database (EPD) to establish a publicly accessible repository of modern (surface sample) pollen data. This new database will complement the EPD, which at present holds ...


Formal definition and dating of the GSSP (Global Stratotype Section and Point) for the base of the Holocene using the Greenland NGRIP ice core, and selected auxiliary records

Journal of Quaternary Science, Vol. 24, No. 1. (January 2009), pp. 3-17,


The Greenland ice core from NorthGRIP (NGRIP) contains a proxy climate record across the Pleistocene-Holocene boundary of unprecedented clarity and resolution. Analysis of an array of physical and chemical parameters within the ice enables the base of the Holocene, as reflected in the first signs of climatic warming at the end of the Younger Dryas/Greenland Stadial 1 cold phase, to be located with a high degree of precision. This climatic event is most clearly reflected in an abrupt shift in deuterium ...


Forest focus monitoring database system - Validation methodology

Vol. EUR 23020 EN (2007),


Forest Focus (Regulation (EC) No 2152/2003) is a Community scheme for harmonized, broad-based, comprehensive and long-term monitoring of European forest ecosystems. Under this scheme the monitoring of air pollution effects on forests is carried out by participating countries on the basis of the systematic network of observation points (Level I) and of the network of observation plots for intensive and continuous monitoring (Level II). According to Article 15(1) of the Forest Focus Regulation Member States shall annually, through the designated authorities ...


Forest focus monitoring database system - Technical report 2006 level II data

Vol. EUR 23578 EN (2008),


Forest Focus (Regulation (EC) No 2152/2003) is a Community scheme for harmonized, broad-based, comprehensive and long-term monitoring of European forest ecosystems. Under this scheme the monitoring of air pollution effects on forests is carried out by participating countries on the basis of the systematic network of observation points (Level I) and of the network of observation plots for intensive and continuous monitoring (Level II). According to Article 15(1) of the Forest Focus Regulation Member States shall annually, through the designated authorities ...


Monumental trees

edited by Tim Bekaert


[Excerpt] This site started on a summer's eve in 2003 as a Belgian site about giant sequoia trees in Belgium and The Netherlands. Soon location details were provided by many people from these countries. In 2005 the site was restyled and was also partly available in French and English, but still manually edited by the webmaster. However, in 2010 this became unfeasible for him and the site became, an interactive community site where users could now add trees/measurements/photos themselves, without a single webmaster ...


Evaluation of BioSoil demonstration project: forest biodiversity - Analysis of biodiversity module

EUR - Scientific and Technical Research, Vol. 24777 (2011),


The BioSoil demonstration Project was initiated under the Forest Focus-Scheme (Regulation (EC) Nr. 2152/2003) concerning the monitoring of forests and environmental interactions in the Community, and aimed to broaden the scope of previous forest monitoring activities (on atmospheric pollution and forest fires) to the fields of soil characteristics and biodiversity indicators. The results presented here are from the Biodiversity module in which various aspects of forest biodiversity, including species composition, structural elements and deadwood, were assessed over 3379 plots in Europe. ...


  1. Annoni, A., Luzet, C., Gubler, E., Ihde, J., 2003. Map Projections for Europe. In, Luxembourg, p. 131.
  2. Breiman, L., Friedman, J.H., Olshen, R.A., Stone, C.J., 1984. Classification and Regression Trees.
  3. Chapman & Hall, New York, .
  4. Granke, O., 2006. ForestBIOTA Work Report: Assessment of Ground vegetation. In. Federal Research Centre for Forestry and Forest Products (BFH), Hamburg, Germany, p. 20.
  5. Shannon, C.E., 1948. A Mathematical

Observational articles: a tool to reconstruct ecological history based on chronicling unusual events

F1000Research, Vol. 2 (9 August 2013), 168,


Natural history is based on observations, whereas modern ecology is mostly based on experiments aimed at testing hypotheses, either in the field or in a computer. Furthermore, experiments often reveal generalities that are taken as norms. Ecology, however, is a historical discipline and history is driven by both regularities (deriving from norms) and irregularities, or contingencies, which occur when norms are broken. If only norms occured, there would be no history. The current disregard for the importance of contingencies and anecdotes ...


Data, eternal

Science, Vol. 347, No. 6217. (02 January 2015), pp. 7-7,


[Excerpt] During 2014, Science worked with members of the research community, other publishers, and representatives of funding agencies on many initiatives to increase transparency and promote reproducibility in the published research literature. Those efforts will continue in 2015. Connected to that progress, and an essential element to its success, an additional focus will be on making data more open, easier to access, more discoverable, and more thoroughly documented. My own commitment to these goals is deeply held, for I learned early in ...


The pathologies of big data

Commun. ACM, Vol. 52, No. 8. (August 2009), pp. 36-44,


Scale up your datasets enough and your apps come undone. What are the typical problems and where do the bottlenecks surface? ...


NASA’s modern era retrospective-analysis for research and applications: integrating Earth observations

IEEE Earthzine, Vol. 1, No. 1-4. (2008), 82367


[Excerpt] To gain the benefit of the many types of meteorological observations for weather forecasts, the data are analyzed (or assimilated) to provide initial conditions for numerical weather forecast models. The resulting analyses are the merger of model and many types of observed data. Weather forecasts greatly benefitted from the assimilation of satellite remotely sensed observations. After years of these analyses had been produced, researchers hoped they would yield insight on many aspects of the Earth’s climate. For example, a consistent ...


Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Innovating for Sustainable Growth: A Bioeconomy for Europe

No. COM(2012) 60 final. (2012)


[Excerpt] A bioeconomy strategy for Europe In order to cope with an increasing global population, rapid depletion of many resources, increasing environmental pressures and climate change, Europe needs to radically change its approach to production, consumption, processing, storage, recycling and disposal of biological resources. The Europe 2020 Strategy calls for a bioeconomy as a key element for smart and green growth in Europe. Advancements in bioeconomy research and innovation uptake will allow Europe to improve the management of its renewable biological ...


EPPO Global Database



EPPO Global Database is maintained by the Secretariat of the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO). This database is still under development but its ultimate goal is to include all pest-specific information that has been produced by EPPO. ...


Establishing forest inventory reference definitions for forest and growing stock: a study towards common reporting

Silva Fennica, Vol. 42, No. 2. (2008),


International agreements such as the Kyoto protocol and Convention on Biological Diversity (1992), as well as, criteria and indicator processes require reports on the status of nations’ forests. Any comparison of the current status and trends of forest resources among nations presumes that the nations’ applied definitions and concepts produce comparable estimates of the status of forests. In spite of this, the FAO has already collected global information for 60 years and made noticeable efforts in creating common definitions, but forest ...



In National forest inventories - Pathways for common reporting (2010), pp. 1-18,


The history of forest inventories goes back to the end of the Middle Ages when intensive use of forest resources first led to wood shortages which, in turn, forced users to begin forest planning, particularly near towns and mines (Loetsch and Haller 1973; Gabler and Schadauer 2007). The first information collected for these purposes was from assessments of forest area and crude estimates of growing stock. [\n] As a noun, the word ‘inventory’ refers to a detailed list of articles according to ...


The conundrum of sharing research data

J Am Soc Inf Sci Tec, Vol. 63, No. 6. (1 June 2012), pp. 1059-1078,


We must all accept that science is data and that data are science, and thus provide for, and justify the need for the support of, much-improved data curation. (Hanson, Sugden, & Alberts, ) Researchers are producing an unprecedented deluge of data by using new methods and instrumentation. Others may wish to mine these data for new discoveries and innovations. However, research data are not readily available as sharing is common in only a few fields such as astronomy and genomics. Data ...


Citizen Sensing, Social Signals, and Enriching Human Experience

Internet Computing, IEEE, Vol. 13, No. 4. (July 2009), pp. 87-92,


In this article, I introduce the exciting paradigm of citizen sensing enabled by mobile sensors and human computing - that is, humans as citizens on the ubiquitous Web, acting as sensors and sharing their observations and views using mobile devices and Web 2.0 services. ...


Cyberinfrastructure vision for 21st century discovery

No. NSF 07-28. (2007)


[Executive summary] NSF’s Cyberinfrastructure Vision for 21st Century Discovery is presented in a set of interrelated chapters that describe the various challenges and opportunities in the complementary areas that make up cyberinfrastructure: computing systems, data, information resources, networking, digitally enabled-sensors, instruments, virtual organizations, and observatories, along with an interoperable suite of software services and tools. This technology is complemented by the interdisciplinary teams of professionals that are responsible for its development, deployment and its use in transformative approaches to scientific and ...


A compilation of data on European flash floods

Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 367, No. 1-2. (March 2009), pp. 70-78,


Flash floods are one of the most significant natural hazards in Europe, causing serious risk to life and destruction of buildings and infrastructure. This type of flood, often affecting ungauged watersheds, remains nevertheless a poorly documented phenomenon. To address the gap in available information, and particularly to assess the possible ranges for peak discharges on watersheds with area smaller than 500 km2 and to describe the geography of the hazard across Europe, an intensive data compilation has been carried out for ...


Data specification on natural risk zones - Technical guidelines

No. D2.8.III.12_v3.0. (2013)
edited by Florian Thomas


[Interoperability of Spatial Data Sets and Services - General Executive Summary] The challenges regarding the lack of availability, quality, organisation, accessibility, and sharing of spatial information are common to a large number of policies and activities and are experienced across the various levels of public authority in Europe. In order to solve these problems it is necessary to take measures of coordination between the users and providers of spatial information. The Directive 2007/2/EC of the Europe an Parliament and of the ...


Data publication consensus and controversies

F1000Research (16 May 2014),


The movement to bring datasets into the scholarly record as first class research products (validated, preserved, cited, and credited) has been inching forward for some time, but now the pace is quickening. As data publication venues proliferate, significant debate continues over formats, processes, and terminology. Here, we present an overview of data publication initiatives underway and the current conversation, highlighting points of consensus and issues still in contention. Data publication implementations differ in a variety of factors, including the kind of ...


El Niño tests forecasters

Nature, Vol. 508, No. 7494. (2 April 2014), pp. 20-21,


[Excerpt] As hints emerge of a major weather event this year, poor data could thwart attempts to improve predictions. The first sign of a brewing El Niño weather pattern came in January, as trade winds that normally blow from the east reversed course near Papua New Guinea. Barrelling back across the tropical Pacific Ocean, they began to push warm water towards South America. Now climate scientists and forecasters are on high alert. A major El Niño event — a periodic warming of waters ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 9

(February 2014)
Keywords: crataegus-azarolus   crataegus-laevigata   crataegus-monogyna   crataegus-nigra   crataegus-spp   creative-commons   crescentia-cujete   crimean-mountains   crisis   croatia   crocidura-suaveolens   cronartium-ribicola   crop-yield   crops   cross-disciplinary-perspective   crowd-sourcing   crowdfunding   crowdsourcing   crown-copyright   crown-diameter   cryphalus-piceae   cryphonectria-parasitica   crypmmeria-japonica   cryptomeria-fortunei   cryptomeria-japonica   cryptomeria-spp   cryptorhynchus-lapathi   cultivars   cultivated   cultivated-plants   cultural-services   cunninghamia-lanceolata   cupressaceae   cupressus-abramsiana   cupressus-arizonica   cupressus-atlantica   cupressus-bakeri   cupressus-cashmeriana   cupressus-dupreziana   cupressus-funebris   cupressus-goveniana   cupressus-guadalupensis   cupressus-lusitanica   cupressus-macnabiana   cupressus-macrocarpa   cupressus-pygmaea   cupressus-sargentii   cupressus-sempervirens   cupressus-torulosa   curculio-elephas   curiosity   curse-of-dimensionality   cut-timber   cyanobacteria   cyathea-arborea   cyber-security   cybernetics   cyc   cycadopsida   cyclocarya-paliurus   cyclomatic-complexity   cyclone   cyclostationarity   cydonia-oblonga   cylindrocladium-quinqueseptatum   cyprus   cystopteris-spp   cytisus-scoparius   czech-republic   daboecia-cantabrica   dacryodes-excelsa   danube-basin   daphne-blagayana   daphne-cneorum   daphne-laureola   daphne-mezereum   daphne-pontica   daphniphyllum-oldhamii   dasineura-salicis   data   data-acquisition   data-based-mechanistic-modelling   data-breach   data-collection-bias   data-errors   data-fusion   data-heterogeneity   data-integration   data-lineage   data-model-comparison   data-provenance   data-quality   data-scarcity   data-sharing   data-transformation-codelets   data-transformation-modelling   data-transformation-modelling-dynamic   data-uncertainty   inrmm-list-of-tags  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


A European daily high-resolution gridded data set of surface temperature and precipitation for 1950-2006

Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 113, No. D20. (30 October 2008), D20119,


We present a European land-only daily high-resolution gridded data set for precipitation and minimum, maximum, and mean surface temperature for the period 1950–2006. This data set improves on previous products in its spatial resolution and extent, time period, number of contributing stations, and attention to finding the most appropriate method for spatial interpolation of daily climate observations. The gridded data are delivered on four spatial resolutions to match the grids used in previous products as well as many of the rotated ...


PostGIS Cookbook

Keywords: data   geospatial   metadata   postgis   reference-manual  


PostGIS is a spatial database that integrates advanced storage and analysis of vector and raster data, and is remarkably flexible and powerful. PostGIS provides support for geographic objects to the PostgreSQL object-relational database and is currently the most popular open source spatial databases. If you want to explore the complete range of PostGIS techniques and expose the related extensions, this book is a must-have. This book is a deep-dive into the full range of PostGIS topics, with practical applications of the concepts ...


Radar backscatter is not a 'direct measure' of forest biomass

Nature Climate Change, Vol. 2, No. 8. (15 July 2012), pp. 556-557,


[Excerpt] Accurately mapping forest carbon now has important financial and livelihood implications for many smallholder farmers, businesses, investors, land-use projects and governments. The urgent need to reduce uncertainties in the carbon cycle, the increasing focus on global sustainable forestry, and the international agenda on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) has led to the creation of new communities clamouring for robust methods to map forest aboveground biomass (AGB). Satellite radar is often proposed as the best tool to overcome the ...


The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission

Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 45, No. 2. (1 June 2007), RG2004,
Keywords: data   elevation   nasa   open-data   remote-sensing   srtm  


The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission produced the most complete, highest-resolution digital elevation model of the Earth. The project was a joint endeavor of NASA, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, and the German and Italian Space Agencies and flew in February 2000. It used dual radar antennas to acquire interferometric radar data, processed to digital topographic data at 1 arc sec resolution. Details of the development, flight operations, data processing, and products are provided for users of this revolutionary data set. ...


Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - A new EU forest strategy: for forests and the forest based sector

No. COM(2013) 659 final. (20 September 2013)


[Excerpt: Guiding principles] [::] Sustainable forest management and the multifunctional role of forests, delivering multiple goods and services in a balanced way and ensuring forest protection; [::] Resource efficiency, optimising the contribution of forests and the forest sector to rural development, growth and job creation. [::] Global forest responsibility, promoting sustainable production and consumption of forest products. [\n] Europe has a long tradition of sustainable forest management, which is reflected in the FOREST EUROPE principles applied by Member States’ policies and supported ...


Emergent relation between surface vapor conductance and relative humidity profiles yields evaporation rates from weather data

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, No. 16. (16 April 2013), pp. 6287-6291,


The ability to predict terrestrial evapotranspiration (E) is limited by the complexity of rate-limiting pathways as water moves through the soil, vegetation (roots, xylem, stomata), canopy air space, and the atmospheric boundary layer. The impossibility of specifying the numerous parameters required to model this process in full spatial detail has necessitated spatially upscaled models that depend on effective parameters such as the surface vapor conductance (Csurf). Csurf accounts for the biophysical and hydrological effects on diffusion through the soil and vegetation ...


Efficient discovery of overlapping communities in massive networks

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, No. 36. (03 September 2013), pp. 14534-14539,


Detecting overlapping communities is essential to analyzing and exploring natural networks such as social networks, biological networks, and citation networks. However, most existing approaches do not scale to the size of networks that we regularly observe in the real world. In this paper, we develop a scalable approach to community detection that discovers overlapping communities in massive real-world networks. Our approach is based on a Bayesian model of networks that allows nodes to participate in multiple communities, and a corresponding algorithm ...

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