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Selection: with tag central-europe [27 articles] 

 

A new fully gap-free time series of land surface temperature from MODIS LST data

  
Remote Sensing, Vol. 9, No. 12. (20 December 2017), 1333, https://doi.org/10.3390/rs9121333

Abstract

Temperature time series with high spatial and temporal resolutions are important for several applications. The new MODIS Land Surface Temperature (LST) collection 6 provides numerous improvements compared to collection 5. However, being remotely sensed data in the thermal range, LST shows gaps in cloud-covered areas. We present a novel method to fully reconstruct MODIS daily LST products for central Europe at 1 km resolution and globally, at 3 arc-min. We combined temporal and spatial interpolation, using emissivity and elevation as covariates ...

 

Can the use of continuous cover forestry alone maintain silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) in central European mountain forests?

  
Forestry, Vol. 89, No. 4. (August 2016), pp. 412-421, https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpw013

Abstract

Chronic browsing and inappropriate stand management are often discussed as causes for recruitment failure of tree species in temperate mixed uneven-aged forests. Continuous cover forestry is thought to produce conditions that are conducive to the recruitment of native shade-tolerant and browse-sensitive tree species such as silver fir (Abies alba Mill.). This study used density-dependent matrix population models parameterized for three main types of fir forests in Europe (53 048 measured trees from 3183 permanent sample plots) to project the effects of ...

 

Temperate and boreal rainforest relicts of Europe

  
In Temperate and Boreal Rainforests of the World: Ecology and Conservation (2011), pp. 154-180, https://doi.org/10.5822/978-1-61091-008-8_6
Keywords: abies-alba   acer-pseudoplatanus   aconitum-spp   alces-alces   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-incana   anemone-trifolia   aquila-chrysaetos   arthonia-leucopellaea   asplenium-scolopendrium   athyrium-filix-femina   balkan-peninsula   betula-pendula   betula-pubescens   biodiversity   bison-bonasus   boreal-forests   buteo-buteo   calluna-vulgaris   canis-lupus   capreolus-capreolus   carduus-personata   central-europe   cervus-elaphus   cervus-nippon   cicerbita-alpine   conservation   cortusa-matthioli   corylus-avellana   dryocopus-martius   dryopteris-carthusiana   dryopteris-dilatata   dryopteris-spp   endangered-species   epimedium-alpinum   euphorbia-austriaca   europe   fagus-sylvatica   felis-silvestris   forest-resources   fragmentation   fraxinus-excelsior   grazing   gymnocarpium-dryopteris   habitat-conservation   hacquetia-epipactis   hotspot   ilex-aquifolium   lagopus-muta   lamium-orvala   larix-eurolepis   lichens   lobaria-amplissima   lobaria-scrobiculata   lunaria-rediviva   lynx-lynx   lyrurus-tetrix   meles-meles   milvus-milvus   norway   omphalodes-verna   picea-abies   picea-sitchensis   pinus-contorta   pleurospermum-austriacum   populus-tremula   prunus-avium   pseudotsuga-menziesii   pyrenula-laevigata   quercus-petraea   quercus-robur   quercus-spp   rainforest   rhododendron-ponticum   rupicapra-rupicapra   salix-caprea   salix-spp   sanicula-europaea   saxifraga-rotundifolia   sorbus-aucuparia   strix-uralensis   sus-scrofa   taxus-baccata   temperate-forests   tetrao-urogallus   thalictrum-aquilegifolium   thelotrema-lepadinum   tilia-cordata   tilia-platyphyllos   ulmus-glabra   vaccinium-myrtillus  

Abstract

European temperate rainforests are disjunctly distributed from ~45° to 69°N latitude, where they are influenced by maritime climates (see figure 6-1). Storms originating in the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean (Balkans) provide for mild winters, cool summers, and adequate precipitation to sustain rainforests throughout the year. Due to extensive deforestation, however, today’s European rainforests are mere fragments of primeval rainforests. A reminder of a bygone era when rainforests flourished, they are barely hanging on as contemporary rainforest relicts (see box 6-1). ...

 

Zur Verbreitung, Vergesellschaftung und Einbürgerung des Götterbaumes (Ailanthus altissima [Mill.] Swingle) in Mitteleuropa

  
Tuexenia, Vol. 4 (1984)

Abstract

[German] Nach einer kurzen Übersicht über die weltweite Kultur von Ailanthus altissima werden spontane Verbreitung, Vergesellschaftung und Einbürgerung in Mitteleuropa erörtert und mit Angaben aus anderen Teilen Europas verglichen. [\n] Als entscheidender Klimafaktor für die Ausbildung der nördlichen Arealgrenze, die quer durch das Norddeutsche Tiefland verläuft, ist eine lange Vegetationsperiode mit hoher sommerlicher Wärmesumme anzusehen. Ailanthus fehlt in den kühleren Küstengebieten sowie in Gebirgen und ist in wärmeren Gebieten weitgehend an Städte gebunden. Am Beispiel von Berlin (West) konnte gezeigt werden, daß ...

 

Climate change increases the drought risk in Central European forests: what are the options for adaptation?

  
Forestry Journal, Vol. 60, No. 1. (1 January 2014), https://doi.org/10.2478/forj-2014-0001

Abstract

The paper presents information on the projected drought exposure of Central Europe, describes the anticipated dynamics of the regional forests, and identifies measures facilitating the adaptation of forests to climate change-induced drought risk. On the basis of an ensemble of climate change scenarios we expect substantial drying in southern Slovakia and Hungary, while such trends were found to be less pronounced for the Czech Republic and Austria. In response to these climate trajectories, a change in species composition towards a higher ...

 

Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa

  
Vol. 5.1 (1925)
edited by Gustav Hegi
 

Biologische Invasionen: Neophyten und Neozoen in Mitteleuropa

  
(2010)

Abstract

Bedrohung oder Bereicherung? - Biologische Invasionen weltweit - NEU: Ausführliches Neozoen-Kapitel - Rechtliche Grundlagen - Vorbeugung und Bekämpfung Die Ausbreitung von Pflanzen und Tieren außerhalb ihrer natürlichen Herkunftsgebiete ist ein brisantes Naturschutzthema. Biologische Invasionen gelten weltweit als wesentlicher Gefährdungsfaktor der Biodiversität und verursachen Kosten in Milliardenhöhe. Das vorliegende Werk stellt dieses Phänomen umfassend dar und gibt einen aktuellen Überblick über Ursachen und Folgen der Ausbreitung neuer Arten in Mitteleuropa. Risiken und Chancen, offene Fragen und Handlungsperspektiven werden differenziert und anwendungsbezogen dargestellt. ...

 

Syntaxonomische Revision der sudmitteleuropaischen Buchenwalder

  
Phytocoenologia, Vol. 3 (2002), pp. 337-453

Abstract

Title: Syntaxonomical revision of the beech forests of southern Central Europe [::] For beech forests of Central Europe (including the Illyrian region) a great number of different and more or less incompatible classification approaches can be found. In order to critically revise the syntaxonomy of Central European beech forests, a TWINSPAN analysis of 5815 relevés from all over the area (mostly compiled from literature) was made. The result corresponds with the classical conception of three main groups of beech forests: 1. thermophilous beech ...

 

Leitfaden der Pollenbestimmung für Mitteleuropa und angrenzende Gebiete

  
(2004)

Abstract

Die Untersuchung von fossilem und rezentem Blütenstaub, die Pollenanalyse oder Palynologie, ist eine Fachrichtung der Botanik mit interdisziplinärer Ausrichtung. Die Pollenanalyse wird in erster Linie zur Rekonstruktion der Vegetationsgeschichte des Eiszeitalters eingesetzt. Sie vermag klimatische und anthropogene Einflüsse auf die Entwicklung der Pflanzendecke aufzuzeigen. Von der interdisziplinären Ausrichtung der Palynologie profitieren nicht nur Botaniker, Paläoklimatologen und Archäologen, sondern auch Paläoökologen, Geologen, Paläontologen, Geographen, Forstwissenschaftler und Bodenkundler. Ferner findet die Pollenanalyse Anwendung bei der Bienen- und Honigforschung, bei der im Bereich der ...

 

Plant communities dominated by Pinus mugo agg. in Central Europe - comparison of the oligotrophic communities rich in Sphagnum.

  
Phytocoenologia, Vol. 38, No. 3. (September 2008), pp. 221-238, https://doi.org/10.1127/0340-269x/2008/0038-0221

Abstract

This paper deals with ecology, syntaxonomy and nomenclature of species poor Pinus mugo agg. communities in Central Europe. Cluster analyses have generally confirmed the geographical and altitudinal differentiation of Pinus mugo scrubs on peaty soils, and refer to important differentiation between zonal dwarf pine stands and stands on raised bogs and their margins, or in inversion sites. Individual clusters markedly differ in their affinity to major ecological factors. They are associated with light availability and moisture, and correlated with low nutrient ...

 

Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa

  
Vol. 1 (1906)
edited by Gustav Hegi
 

Fire ecology north and south of the Alps since the last ice age

  
The Holocene, Vol. 15, No. 8. (01 December 2005), pp. 1214-1226, https://doi.org/10.1191/0959683605hl892rp

Abstract

Wildfires are very rare in central Europe, which is probably why fire effects on vegetation have been neglected by most central European ecologists and palaeoecologists. Presently, reconstructions of fire history and fire ecology are almost absent. We analysed sediment cores from lakes on the Swiss Plateau (Lobsigensee and Soppensee) for pollen and charcoal to investigate the relationship between vegetation and fire. Microscopic charcoal evidence suggests increasing regional fire frequencies during the Neolithic (7350-4150 cal. BP, 5400-2200 BC) and the subsequent prehistoric ...

 

Atlas of seeds and fruits of Central and East-European flora: the Carpathian mountains region

  
(2007)

Abstract

The Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora presents nearly 4,800 seed illustrations, supplemented with detailed seed descriptions, brief plant descriptions, and information on the locality and the native source of plants. The Carpathian flora covered here occurs not only in the Carpathian Mountains, but also in large lowlands extending towards the south, north and east and involves introduced and invading flora of more than 7,500 species. This publication is unique on two counts. Its scope extends to ...

 

Placing unprecedented recent fir growth in a European-wide and Holocene-long context

  
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 12, No. 2. (March 2014), pp. 100-106, https://doi.org/10.1890/130089

Abstract

Forest decline played a pivotal role in motivating Europe's political focus on sustainability around 35 years ago. Silver fir (Abies alba) exhibited a particularly severe dieback in the mid-1970s, but disentangling biotic from abiotic drivers remained challenging because both spatial and temporal data were lacking. Here, we analyze 14 136 samples from living trees and historical timbers, together with 356 pollen records, to evaluate recent fir growth from a continent-wide and Holocene-long perspective. Land use and climate change influenced forest growth ...

 

Persisting bark beetle outbreak indicates the unsustainability of secondary Norway spruce forests: case study from Central Europe

  
Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 70, No. 5. (2013), pp. 481-491, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-013-0279-7

Abstract

[Context] Secondary Norway spruce forests in the Western Beskids are among the most damaged forests in Europe. Although spruce bark beetle (Ips typographus) has been recently causing large-scale damage to these forests, our understanding of I. typographus dynamics in this environment is inadequate for evaluating forest sustainability. [Aim] This study aims to evaluate the patterns of damage caused by I. typographus to spruce forests with compromised ecological stability. [Methods] Forest infestation by I. typographus was inferred from sanitary felling data collected ...

 

Biological flora of Central Europe: Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle

  
Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, Vol. 8, No. 4. (July 2007), pp. 207-237, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppees.2007.03.002

Abstract

Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven), Simaroubaceae, is an early successional tree, native to China and North Vietnam, which has become invasive in Europe and on all other continents except Antarctica. It is most abundant in urban habitats and along transportation corridors, but can also invade natural habitats. This paper reviews the literature on the morphology, distribution, ecology, habitat requirements, population biology, genetics, physiology, impacts, management and uses of this species. ...

 

Vegetation Mitteleuropas mit den Alpen

  
(2010)

Abstract

Dieses Handbuch behandelt die naturräumlichen und pflanzengeographischen Grundlagen Mitteleuropas sowie die Entwicklung unter dem Einfluss des Menschen in den letzten 7000 Jahren – in den Bereichen Vegetations- und Standortskunde, Ökophysiologie, Populationsökologie, Ökosystemforschung und Naturschutzbiologie. Ein Schwerpunkt liegt auf den aktuellen Umweltbelastungen und der daraus resultierenden hohen Dynamik der Lebensgemeinschaften in heutiger Zeit. Mit rund 1000 gut erläuterten Abbildungen und Tabellen, einer überarbeiteten Version der Zeigerwerte der Pflanzen Mitteleuropas, 5300 Literaturzitaten und umfangreichem Register. Ein unverzichtbares Nachschlagewerk und Lehrbuch für Studierende und Wissenschaftler der Ökologie, ...

 

Flooding tolerance of Central European tree and shrub species

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 235, No. 1-3. (2006), pp. 1-13, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2006.05.065
Keywords: abies-alba   acer-campestre   acer-platanoides   acer-pseudoplatanus   aesculus-hippocastanum   alnus-glutinosa   alnus-incana   alnus-viridis   amelancier-ovalis   anoxia   berberis-vulgaris   betula-pendula   carpinus-betulus   castanea-sativa   central-europe   corylus-avellana   crataegus-laevigata   crataegus-monogyna   fagus-sylvatica   flooding-tolerance   frangula-alnus   fraxinus-excelsior   hippophae-rhamnoides   ilex-aquifolium   juglans-regia   juniperus-communis   larix-decidua   ligustrum-vulgare   lonicera-xylosteum   malus-sylvestris   picea-abies   pinus-sylvestris   populus-alba   populus-nigra   populus-tremula   processes   prunus-avium   prunus-domestica   prunus-malaheb   prunus-padus   prunus-spinosa   quercus-petraea   quercus-pubescens   quercus-robur   rhamnus-cathartica   riparian-forest   river-restoration   robinia-pseudoacacia   salix-alba   salix-appendiculata   salix-caprea   salix-cinera   salix-daphnoides   salix-elaeagnos   salix-fragilis   salix-myrsinifolia-nigricans   salix-pentandra   salix-purpurea   salix-triandra   salix-viminalis   sambucus-nigra   sorbus-aria   sorbus-aucuparia   taxus-baccata   tilia-cordata   tilia-platyphyllos   ulmus-glabra   ulmus-minor   viburnum-lantana   viburnum-opalus  

Abstract

Extensive efforts have been made in recent years to restore rivers with a view to increasing the ecological value of riparian areas and the surrounding landscape and to improving the protection provided against extreme flooding events. One of the important factors for the successful establishment and survival of tree and shrub species in enlarged river corridors (particularly in lowlands) – and in retention basins – is their capacity to survive in anoxic conditions, i.e. their flooding tolerance. The importance of improving ...

 

Bäume Mitteleuropas: Von Aspe bis Zirbelkiefer. Mit den Porträts aller Bäume des Jahres von 1989 bis 2010.

  
(2010)
 

Climate change and nature conservation in Central European forests: a review of consequences, concepts and challenges

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 261, No. 4. (15 February 2011), pp. 829-843, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2010.10.038

Abstract

With a predicted rise in average global surface temperature at an unprecedented rate, as well as changes in precipitation and disturbance regimes, climate change will bring forth new challenges for nature conservation in forest ecosystems. Species and habitats to be protected will be affected as well as related concepts and area specific objectives. Climate change impacts are likely to be aggravated by other anthropogenic stresses such as fragmentation, deposition or habitat destruction. To be reliable and effective, current objectives and guidelines ...

 

Abiotic and biotic factors and their interactions as causes of oak decline in Central Europe

  
Forest Pathology, Vol. 32, No. 4-5. (August 2002), pp. 277-307, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-0329.2002.00291.x

Abstract

Incidences of oak decline have occurred repeatedly during the past three centuries as well as in the most recent decades. On the basis of historical records and dendrochronological measurements, oak decline in Central Europe has been attributed to the single or combined effects of climatic extremes (winter frost, summer drought), defoliating insects, and pathogenic fungi. Starting from a literature review, we discuss the possible roles of various abiotic (air pollution, nitrogen eutrophication, soil chemical stress, climatic extremes, site conditions) and biotic ...

 

Genetic differentiation of oak populations within the Quercus robur/Quercus petraea complex in Central and Eastern Europe

  
Heredity, Vol. 86, No. 5. (01 May 2001), pp. 557-563, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2540.2001.00874.x

Abstract

Genetic structure of 25 indigenous populations of sessile and pedunculate oaks (Quercus petraea and Q. robur), originating from three geographical regions: Slovakia, Bulgaria and the Republic Mari-El (Russia), was investigated using isozyme markers. Mean number of alleles per locus ranged between 1.8 and 2.6 in Q. robur populations and from 2.0 to 3.0 in Q. petraea populations; slightly higher expected heterozygosity values were found in Q. robur compared to Q. petraea. One locus, coding for a substrate-nonspecific dehydrogenase, differentiated the two ...

 

Spatial patterns of trees in natural forests of East-Central Europe

  
Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 4, No. 4. (August 1993), pp. 469-476, https://doi.org/10.2307/3236074

Abstract

The analysis of spatial patterns is one of the ways to estimate the role of competition among trees in forest dynamics. Three hypotheses concerning distribution patterns in old-growth stands were tested: (1) fine-scale spatial patterns of trees are regular; (2) patterns do not differ significantly from a random distribution, and (3) spatial patterns at larger scales are clumped because of site heterogeneity. Old-growth forest stands in Poland and the Czech Republic were analysed with a modified Ripley K function, using distribution ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 7

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: carya-spp   carya-tomentosa   cascade-of-failures   cascading-events   case-study   cassia-fistula   castanea-crenata   castanea-dentata   castanea-mollissima   castanea-sativa   castanea-spp   castanopsis-eyrei   castanopsis-spp   casuarina-equisetifolia   catalonia   catalpa-ovata   catalpa-speciosa   catalpa-spp   catchment-scale   categorical-variables   cathaya-spp   cations   cattle   caucasus   causal-networks   cavitation   ceanothus-thyrsiflorus   cecidomyiidae   cecropia-peltata   cedar-decline   cedrela-fissilis   cedrela-odorata   cedrus-atlantica   cedrus-brevifolia   cedrus-libani   ceiba-chodatii   ceiba-pentandra   cell-structure   cellular-automata   cellulose   celtis-australis   celtis-occidentalis   celtis-reticulata   celtis-spp   central-america   central-asia   central-china   central-europe   central-hardwood-forest   central-mediterranean   central-pacific-el-nino   cephalcia-lariciphila   cerambycidae   ceratitis-cosyra   ceratocystis-coerulescens   ceratocystis-fagacearum   ceratocystis-laricicola   ceratocystis-platani   ceratocystis-polonica   ceratocystis-spp   ceratonia-siliqua   ceratonia-spp   cercidium-microphyllum   cercis-siliquastrum   cercis-spp   cercocarpus-ledifolius   cereals   certification   cerura-vinula   cervus-canadensis   cervus-elaphus   cervus-nippon   chalara-fraxinea   chamaecyparis-lawsoniana   chamaecyparis-nootkatensis   chamaecyparis-obtusa   chamaecyparis-pisifera   chamaecyparis-spp   chamaecytisus-proliferus   chamaerops-humilis   change   change-factor   channel-network   chaos   characteristics   charcoal   charcoal-analysis   check-list   chelsa-climate   chemical-analisys   chemical-composition   chemical-control   chemicals   chemosystematics   chenopodium-spp   chernobyl   chestnut-disease   child-growth   chile   inrmm-list-of-tags  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

European oak declines and global warming: a theoretical assessment with special reference to the activity of Phytophthora cinnamomi

  
EPPO Bulletin, Vol. 24, No. 1. (1 March 1994), pp. 221-232, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2338.1994.tb01063.x

Abstract

Causes of current severe declines of the deciduous oaks Quercus robur and Q. petraea in northern and central Europe and of the evergreen Q. ilex, Q. suber and other Quercus spp. in the Mediterranean area are reviewed. Factors implicated include drought, pollution, winter cold, flooding, and stress-related attacks by insects and fungi. Additional factors in Mediterranean oak declines include changing land-use patterns and root disease caused by the aggressive, exotic oomycete root pathogen Phytophthora cinnamomi. Under conditions of global warming the ...

 

Growth responses to climate in a multi-species tree-ring network in the Western Carpathian Tatra Mountains, Poland and Slovakia

  
Tree Physiology, Vol. 27, No. 5. (01 May 2007), pp. 689-702, https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/27.5.689

Abstract

We analyzed growth responses to climate of 24 tree-ring width and four maximum latewood density chronologies from the greater Tatra region in Poland and Slovakia. This network comprises 1183 ring-width and 153 density measurement series from four conifer species (Picea abies (L.) Karst., Larix decidua Mill., Abies alba (L.) Karst., and Pinus mugo (L.)) between 800 and 1550 m a.s.l. Individual spline detrending was used to retain annual to multi-decadal scale climate information in the data. Twentieth century temperature and precipitation ...

 

Investigations concerning the role of Chalara fraxinea in declining Fraxinus excelsior

  
Plant Pathology, Vol. 58, No. 2. (April 2009), pp. 284-292, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.01977.x
This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database. http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/central-europe

Publication metadata

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.