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Selection: with tag bursaphelenchus-xylophilus [9 articles] 


Pine Wilt Disease: a threat to European forestry

European Journal of Plant Pathology In European Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 133, No. 1. (24 December 2012), pp. 89-99,


Bursaphelenchus xylophilus , the pinewood nematode (PWN) and causal agent of Pine Wilt Disease (PWD), was detected for the first time, in 1999, in Portugal, and in Europe. Despite the efforts of the Portuguese National Forestry and Quarantine Authorities, the disease has spread to new forest areas in the centre of mainland Portugal, in 2008, and to the island of Madeira, in 2009. More recently, two foci of PWD were reported from Spain. The free circulation of non-treated wood and wood ...


Potential insect vectors of Bursaphelenchus spp. (Nematoda: Parasitaphelenchidae) in Spanish pine forests

In Pine Wilt Disease: A Worldwide Threat to Forest Ecosystems (2008), pp. 221-234,


Potential insect vectors of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (PWN) were studied. Pathways of introduction of PWN from Portugal to Europe, through Spain, were determined and traps were located in pine stands sites along the pathways. 19 Cerambycidae, 12 Scolytidae, 12 Buprestidae and 10 Curculionidae species have been found. Trapped insects were examined for the presence of nematodes under their elytra. Nematodes were found on Arhopalus ferus, Spondylis buprestoides, Hylastes ater, Hylurgus lingniperda, Orthotomicus erosus, Pityogenes bidentatus, Tomicus piniperda, Hylobius abietis and Pissodes validirrostris ...


Pine wilt disease: detection of the pinewood nematode (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus) as a tool for a pine breeding programme

Forest Pathology, Vol. 42, No. 6. (December 2012), pp. 521-525,


The pinewood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, is a serious quarantine pest first detected in Portugal and Europe in 1999. It is the causal agent of pine wilt disease (PWD). A resistance breeding programme has been initiated to contribute to control the evolution of the disease. Five hundred and four adult maritime pine, Pinus pinaster, trees were phenotypically selected as candidate trees for this programme from an area affected by PWD. To identify tolerance to the nematode, the selected trees were monitored ...


Pinewood Nematode: A Threat to U.S. Forests?

Plant Disease, Vol. 65, No. 12. (1981), pp. 1022-1027,


In February 1979, a portion of the trunk of an Austrian pine (Pinus nigra) arrived in Einar Palm's diagnostic clinic at the University of Missouri, Columbia. The previous summer, with no warning, the 39-year-old tree suddenly died; the needles lost their green color and became reddish brown but were retained. Seiji Ouchi, a plant pathologist from Japan who happened to be visiting the clinic that day, suggested that a nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, might be involved. Much to the surprise of clinic ...


Transmission of pine wood nematode to cut timber and girdled trees.

Plant Disease, Vol. 67, No. 1. (1983), pp. 35-37


Bursaphelenchus xylophilus was recovered from Pinus nigra, P. banksiana and P. resinosa logs 4 months after they had been cut from healthy trees that did not contain nematodes. B. xylophilus was found only in logs in which cerambycid beetles had oviposited. Similarly, only previously girdled jack pine that had been colonized by cerambycid beetles contained B. xylophilus. The results of this study show that B. xylophilus can be transmitted to cut timber and dying trees and suggest that the nematode may ...


Climate change and forest diseases

Plant Pathology, Vol. 60, No. 1. (1 February 2011), pp. 133-149,
Keywords: abies-nephrolepis   adaptation   alnus-incana   armillaria-spp   betula-spp   biscogniauxia-atropunctata   biscogniauxia-mediterranea   botryosphaeria-spp   bursaphelenchus-xylophilus   chamaecyparis-nootkatensis   climate-change   cronartium-ribicola   cylindrocladium-quinqueseptatum   dendroctonus-ponderosae   dothistroma-pini   dothistroma-septosporum   forest-management   forest-pests   forest-resources   fusarium-circinatum   ips-confusus   larix-gmelinii   larix-kaempferi   larix-spp   notholithocarpus-densiflorus   phaeocryptopus-gaeumannii   phytophthora-cinnamomi   phytophthora-ramorum   picea-jazoensis   picea-spp   pinus-albicaulis   pinus-contorta   pinus-edulis   pinus-monticola   pinus-nigra   pinus-radiata   pinus-spp   pinus-strobus   plant-diseases   populus-tremuloides   pseudotsuga-menziesii   quercus-agrifolia   quercus-cerris   quercus-falcata   quercus-rubra   quercus-suber   resilience   septoria-musiva   sphaeropsis-sapinea   tree-diseases   tsuga-heterophylla   tsuga-spp   valsa-melanodiscus  


As climate changes, the effects of forest diseases on forest ecosystems will change. We review knowledge of relationships between climate variables and several forest diseases, as well as current evidence of how climate, host and pathogen interactions are responding or might respond to climate change. Many forests can be managed to both adapt to climate change and minimize the undesirable effects of expected increases in tree mortality. We discuss four types of forest and disease management tactics – monitoring, forecasting, planning ...


Scientific Opinion on the phytosanitary risk associated with some coniferous species and genera for the spread of pine wood nematode

EFSA Journal, Vol. 10, No. 1. (2012), 2553,


The European Commission requested the Panel on Plant Health to deliver a scientific opinion on the phytosanitary risk of plants (other than fruits and seeds) of Pinus pinea and of the genera Chamaecyparis, Cryptomeria and Juniperus for the spread of pine wood nematode (PWN) via movement of infested plants or untreated plant products or by supporting natural spread of PWN in conjunction with European species of the vector. The Panel analysed the data submitted by Portugal regarding surveys on the Tróia ...


Supporting EFSA assessment of the EU environmental suitability for exotic forestry pests: final report

EFSA Supporting Publications, Vol. 11, No. 3. (19 March 2014), 434E,


An updated series of distribution maps of more than 50 taxa, mainly of forest tree species, is presented along with the description of involved materials, inventory data and ancillary datasets, data-processing and modelling methods. Different methodologies are discussed and corresponding specific maps are presented for supporting the assessment on emerging plant pest risks. Updated maps of taxa habitat suitability are also presented. Maps, material and methods for supporting the risk assessment on Phytophthora ramorum for the European territory and for supporting ...


  1. Abelleira, A., Picoaga, A., Mansilla, J. P., Aguin, O., 2011. Detection of Bursaphelenchus Xylophilus, Causal Agent of Pine Wilt Disease on Pinus pinaster in Northwestern Spain. Plant Disease 95 (6), 776.
  2. Athar, M., Nasir, S. M., 2005. Taxonomic perspective of plant species yielding vegetable oils used in cosmetics and skin care products. African Journal of Biotechnology 4 (1) 36-44.
  3. Badal, E., 2001. La recolección de piñas durante

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 5

(February 2014)
Keywords: bioscience   biosecurity   biotechnology   biotic-effects   biotic-factors   biotic-interactions   birches   bird-conservation   bird-dispersal   bird-pollination   biscogniauxia-atropunctata   biscogniauxia-mediterranea   biscogniauxia-nummularia   bismarckia-nobilis   bixa-orellana   black-aphid   black-carbon   black-pine   black-poplar   black-sea-region   blechnum-spicant   blitz   blue-tits   blue-water   bogs   boiss   bombacopsis-quinata   bombax-malabaricum   bone-attachment   boolean-expressions   bootstrap   borassus-flabellifer   borch-forest   boreal-continental-forest   boreal-forest   boreal-mountain-system   bosnia-herzegovina   boswellia-sacra   botanical-macro-remains   botany   botryosphaeria-spp   bottom-up   brachylaena-huillensis   brachylaena-rotundata   bracon-hylobii   brasil   brassica-spp   brassicaceae   brenneria-goodwinii   britain   british-columbia   british-forestry   british-isles   british-native-trees   broadleaved   brosimum-rubescens   browsing   bryophyte   bsd-3clause   bucida-buceras   buddleja-spp   bugs   bulgaria   buprestidae   bureaucracy   burnt-scar-mapping   bursaphelenchus-xylophilus   bursera-simaruba   burundi   butea-monosperma   butterfly   buxus-sempervirens   buxus-spp   by-products   byctiscus-betulae   byctiscus-populi   c   c-factor   c-plus-plus   cabi   calamagrostis-argentea   calcium   california   callophylum-brasiliense   calluna-vulgaris   calocedrus-decurrens   calophyllum-inophyllum   calorific-values   calotropis-procera   camellia-reticulata   cameraria-ohridella   campanula-spp   canada   cananga-odorata   cancer-treament   cancer-treatment   candida   candidatus-phytoplasma-ulmi   canker   inrmm-list-of-tags  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...

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