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Selection: with tag broadleaved [24 articles] 


A sensible climate solution for the boreal forest

Nature Climate Change, Vol. 8, No. 1. (2 January 2018), pp. 11-12,


Climate change could increase fire risk across most of the managed boreal forest. Decreasing this risk by increasing the proportion of broad-leaved tree species is an overlooked mitigation–adaption strategy with multiple benefits. ...


Assessing risk and adaptation options to fires and windstorms in European forestry

Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change In Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 15, No. 7. (10 July 2010), pp. 681-701,


Risks can generally be described as the combination of hazard, exposure and vulnerability. Using this framework, we evaluated the historical and future development of risk of fire and wind damage in European forestry at the national level. Fire risk is expected to increase, mainly as a consequence of an increase in fire hazard, defined as the Fire Weather Index in summer. Exposure, defined as forest area, is expected to increase slightly as a consequence of active afforestation and abandonment of marginal ...


A novel index of leaf RGR predicts tree shade tolerance

Functional Ecology, Vol. 28, No. 6. (December 2014), pp. 1321-1329,


Plant traits responsible for shade tolerance are controversial. An important feature of shade-tolerant trees is the ability to maintain a positive whole-plant carbon balance [i.e. positive relative growth rate (RGRplant)] in low-light environments, but a positive RGRplant does not always ensure continuous growth. To grow successfully in shaded environments, a plant must increase its leaf biomass with time. However, because RGRplant is determined by whole-plant biomass change, RGRplant can be positive without any increment of leaf mass. Therefore, we developed a ...


Global climate and the distribution of plant biomes

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 359, No. 1450. (29 October 2004), pp. 1465-1476,


Biomes are areas of vegetation that are characterized by the same life-form. Traditional definitions of biomes have also included either geographical or climatic descriptors. This approach describes a wide range of biomes that can be correlated with characteristic climatic conditions, or climatic envelopes. The application of remote sensing technology to the frequent observation of biomes has led to a move away from the often subjective definition of biomes to one that is objective. Carefully characterized observations of life-form, by satellite, have been used to reconsider biome ...


Influences of evergreen gymnosperm and deciduous angiosperm tree species on the functioning of temperate and boreal forests

Biological Reviews, Vol. 90, No. 2. (1 May 2015), pp. 444-466,


It has been recognized for a long time that the overstorey composition of a forest partly determines its biological and physical–chemical functioning. Here, we review evidence of the influence of evergreen gymnosperm (EG) tree species and deciduous angiosperm (DA) tree species on the water balance, physical–chemical soil properties and biogeochemical cycling of carbon and nutrients. We used scientific publications based on experimental designs where all species grew on the same parent material and initial soil, and were similar in stage of ...


Soil characteristics and landcover relationships on soil hydraulic conductivity at a hillslope scale: a view towards local flood management

Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 497 (August 2013), pp. 208-222,


We evaluate woodland/grassland cover and soil types to reduce local flooding. We measured field saturated hydraulic conductivity under grassland and woodland. Established broadleaf woodland had significantly higher infiltration rates than grassland. 1 in 10 year storm events would cause infiltration-excess overland flow on grassland. We suggest deciduous shelterbelts upslope could locally reduce overland flow. There are surprisingly few studies in humid temperate forests which provide reliable evidence that soil permeability is enhanced under forests. This work addresses this research gap through a ...


Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees & shrubs. Vol. 1 Vol. 1


Classification and phytogeographical differentiation of broad-leaved ravine forests in southeastern Europe

Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 19, No. 3. (24 January 2008), pp. 331-342,


Abstract Question: How do broad-leaved ravine forests in SE Europe differentiate phytogeographically? Do they differ from analogous European forests? What is their distribution pattern? Location: southeastern Europe, Apennine-Balkan province. Methods: The initial data set of 2189 relevés was stratified geographically and phytosociologically; 614 relevés remaining after stratification were classified with a TWINSPAN and cluster analysis, wich resulted in four clusters and eight subclusters. Average Pignatti indicator values for relevés of each subcluster were subjected to PCA to show ecological relationships among ...


Climate change and the future for broadleaved tree species in Britain

Forestry, Vol. 78, No. 2. (01 May 2005), pp. 145-161,


The most recent climate change predictions for the UK indicate a warming of between 2 and 5°C by the end of this century, with drier summers and wetter winters also anticipated across the majority of the country. Changes are predicted to be more extreme in the southern half of the UK, where severe summer droughts will become commonplace. Although rising atmospheric CO2 levels are likely to increase productivity through ‘fertilizing’ photosynthesis, water limitation in southern England is likely to lead to ...


Valuable broadleaved trees in the landscape

In Valuable broadleaved forests in Europe (2009), pp. 171-200


Ecological and economic considerations recently increased the interest in growing valuable broadleaved tree species. Although the demand for valuable timber is growing, and there is a notable interest among forest owners and farmers to grow valuable broad leaved tree species, the current level of knowledge about these species is insufficient. More information on how to grow valuable broadleaved species to obtain high-quality wood and more research on new options for forest management is needed. This book covers various relevant aspects of ...


Hardwoods of North America



This report describes 53 taxa of hardwoods of North America, which are organized alphabetically by genus. Descriptions include scientific name, trade name, distribution, tree characteristics, wood characteristics (general, weight, mechanical properties, drying, shrinkage, working properties, durability, preservation, toxicity and uses) and additional sources for information. Data were compiled from existing literature, mostly from research done at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI. ...


Crown Architecture of Valuable Broadleaved Species

In Valuable Broadleaved Forests in Europe (2009), pp. 87-101


The architecture and growth dynamics of Prunus avium L., Fraxinus excelsior L. and Acer pseudoplatanus L. were studied in several regions of France. Trees growing in open field and in the understory of forest stands were observed. Numerous trees were studied at several stages of development in order to identify the morphological and architectural features of these species. The establishment of the architectural unit and the strategy of crown development were described for each species. The architectural bases of interspecific and ...


Application of Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) to mountainous forests in Japan

Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 5, No. 4. (2000), pp. 231-236,


Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE), originally developed by the USDA for agricultural lands and then used throughout the world, was applied in mountainous forest terrain in Japan. The slope length and steepness factors were extended for long slope lengths and steep slopes by recalculating the data from available literature in Japan and by using data from supplementary erosion experiments. As such, we conclude that the USLE can be used successfully to estimate surface erosion on long, steep mountainous forest slopes. The ...


Applications of the crown diameter-stem diameter relationship for different species of broadleaved trees

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 215, No. 1-3. (2005), pp. 285-294,


There is a well known but comparatively little-studied relationship between crown diameters (K) and stem diameters (d) of trees. Between about 20 and 50 cm dbh the relationship is very close to being linear, with an r2 value higher than 0.8. The investigation described in this paper was conducted to establish the relationships for 11 broadleaved species that are commonly grown in Britain. The results indicated that all species have higher K/d ratios when they are young, but the ratio reduces as ...


Climatic Discrimination of Mediterranean Broad-Leaved Sclerophyllous and Deciduous Forests in Central Spain

Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 8, No. 3. (June 1997), pp. 377-386,


Climatic differences between three types of deciduous (Quercus pyrenaica) and three types of sclerophyllous (Quercus rotundifolia) Mediterranean forests in the Spanish Sistema Central were analyzed by means of Canonical Discriminant Analysis and Jancey's Discriminant Analysis, applied in successive steps to data from 252 meteorological stations. Climatic data included temperature and precipitation records as well as bioclimatic indices. Discriminant analysis was applied to broad-leaved sclerophyllous and deciduous forest communities sampled at each meteorological station using phytosociological methods. Annual and seasonal (summer, spring) ...


Spread of broad-leaved trees in Estonia

Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology, Vol. 50, No. 1. (March 2001), pp. 51-65
Keywords: broadleaved   estonia   pollen  


The spread of broad-leaved trees (Ulmus, Tilia, Quercus, Fraxinus, Carpinus, and Fagus) is reviewed on the basis of 46 radiocarbon dated pollen diagrams from lake and mire sediments from Estonia. Ulmus immigrated into Estonia in the second half of the Pre-Boreal, expanded between 9000 and 7800 BP, and reached its maximum values 7900–4200 BP. The immigration of Tilia began between 8800 and 6200 BP; it expanded at 8200–5200 BP, and culminated between 7200 and 4000 BP. Quercus was the next tree ...


Autecology of broadleaved species

Keywords: broadleaved   ecology   forest-species  


As part of the European Pirinoble project (, a synopsis was produced of studies on the autecology of the main valuable hardwoods. The resu lts are presented in the form of species factsheet published on a regular basis in Forêt-entreprise. This “Reader’s guide” explains the definitions and terms used. With the renewed interest in hardwoods in the last 20 years, they are increasingly being introduced by planting or encouraged in natural stands. The resul ts in terms of growth have not ...


Growing scattered broadleaved tree species in Europe in a changing climate: a review of risks and opportunities

Forestry, Vol. 83, No. 1. (2010), pp. 65-81,


Scattered broadleaved tree species such as ashes (Fraxinus excelsior L. and Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.), black alder (Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.), birches (Betula pendula Roth. and Betula pubescens Ehrh.), elms (Ulmus glabra Huds., Ulmus laevis Pall. and Ulmus minor Mill.), limes (Tilia cordata Mill. and Tilia platyphyllos Scop.), maples (Acer campestre L., Acer platanoides L. and Acer pseudoplatanus L.), wild service tree (Sorbus domestica L. and Sorbus torminalis L. Crantz), walnuts (Juglans regia L., Juglans nigra L. and hybrids) and wild cherry ...


Replacing coniferous monocultures with mixed-species production stands: an assessment of the potential benefits for forest biodiversity in northern Europe

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 260, No. 6. (15 August 2010), pp. 939-947,


Conifer dominated plantations in central and northern Europe are associated with relatively low ecological values, and in some cases, may be vulnerable to disturbances caused by anthropogenic climate change. This has prompted the consideration of alternative tree species compositions for use in production forestry in this region. Here we evaluate the likely biodiversity costs and benefits of supplanting Norway spruce ( Picea abies ) monocultures with polycultures of spruce and birch ( Betula spp.) in southern Sweden. This polyculture alternative has ...


Physiological minimum temperatures for root growth in seven common European broad-leaved tree species

Tree Physiology, Vol. 34, No. 3. (01 March 2014), pp. 302-313,


Temperature is the most important factor driving the cold edge distribution limit of temperate trees. Here, we identified the minimum temperatures for root growth in seven broad-leaved tree species, compared them with the species' natural elevational limits and identified morphological changes in roots produced near their physiological cold limit. Seedlings were exposed to a vertical soil-temperature gradient from 20 to 2 °C along the rooting zone for 18 weeks. In all species, the bulk of roots was produced at temperatures above 5 °C. However, ...


Effects of plant species diversity on soil conservation and stability in the secondary succession phases of a semihumid evergreen broadleaf forest in China

Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, Vol. 67, No. 4. (01 July 2012), pp. 311-320,


One of the most studied aspects of ecosystems in recent years has been the relationship between plant species diversity and ecosystem functions; however, the relationship with one such ecosystem function, soil conservation, has been less well studied. We established forest plots in the secondary succession phases of a semihumid evergreen broadleaf forest in China. The plots differed in plant species richness but had otherwise similar soil-erosion factors, observed surface runoff, sediment, and total phosphorus (P) loss. We analyzed the relationship between ...


Evidence for soil water control on carbon and water dynamics in European forests during the extremely dry year: 2003

Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 143, No. 1-2. (16 March 2007), pp. 123-145,


The drought of 2003 was exceptionally severe in many regions of Europe, both in duration and in intensity. In some areas, especially in Germany and France, it was the strongest drought for the last 50 years, lasting for more than 6 months. We used continuous carbon and water flux measurements at 12 European monitoring sites covering various forest ecosystem types and a large climatic range in order to characterise the consequences of this drought on ecosystems functioning. As soil water content ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 6

(February 2014)
Keywords: bracon-hylobii   brasil   brassica-spp   brassicaceae   brenneria-goodwinii   bretziella-fagacearum   britain   british-columbia   british-forestry   british-isles   british-native-trees   broadleaved   brosimum-rubescens   browsing   bryophyte   bryophytes   bsd-3clause   bucida-buceras   buddleja-spp   bugs   bulgaria   buprestidae   bureaucracy   burnt-area   burnt-scar-mapping   bursaphelenchus-xylophilus   bursera-simaruba   burundi   butea-monosperma   buteo-buteo   butterfly   buxus-colchicus   buxus-hyrcana   buxus-sempervirens   buxus-spp   by-products   byctiscus-betulae   byctiscus-populi   c   c-factor   c-plus-plus   cabi   calamagrostis-argentea   calcium   california   callophylum-brasiliense   calluna-vulgaris   calocedrus-decurrens   calophyllum-inophyllum   calorific-values   calotropis-procera   camellia-reticulata   cameraria-ohridella   campanula-spp   canada   cananga-odorata   cancer-treament   cancer-treatment   candida   candidatus-phytoplasma-ulmi   canis-aureus   canis-lupus   canker   canopy-density   canopy-irradiance   canopy-opening   capnodis-miliaris   capreolus-capreolus   caracal-caracal   caragana-arborescens   carapa-guianensis   carbohydrates   carbon   carbon-capture-and-storage   carbon-cycle   carbon-dioxide-fertilisation   carbon-dioxide-removal   carbon-emission   carbon-isotope-discrimination   carbon-mitigation   carbon-monoxide   carbon-sequestration   carbon-stock   cardiaspina-fiscella   cardiovascular-benefit   carduus-personata   carica-papaya   carnegiea-gigantea   carnivores   carpathian-region   carpinus-betulus   carpinus-caucasica   carpinus-cordata   carpinus-orientalis   carpinus-spp   cart   carya-illinoensis   carya-laciniosa   carya-ovata   inrmm-list-of-tags  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Modelling regional climate change effects on potential natural ecosystems in Sweden

Climatic Change In Climatic Change, Vol. 78, No. 2-4. (October 2006), pp. 381-406,


This study aims to demonstrate the potential of a process-based regional ecosystem model, LPJ-GUESS, driven by climate scenarios generated by a regional climate model system (RCM) to generate predictions useful for assessing effects of climatic and CO2 change on the key ecosystem services of carbon uptake and storage. Scenarios compatible with the A2 and B2 greenhouse gas emission scenarios of the Special Report on Emission Scenarios (SRES) and with boundary conditions from two general circulation models (GCMs) – HadAM3H and ECHAM4/OPYC3 ...

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Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
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INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.