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Selection: with tag biotic-factors [13 articles] 

 

Mechanisms of plant survival and mortality during drought: why do some plants survive while others succumb to drought?

  
New Phytologist, Vol. 178, No. 4. (1 June 2008), pp. 719-739, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02436.x

Abstract

Severe droughts have been associated with regional-scale forest mortality worldwide. Climate change is expected to exacerbate regional mortality events; however, prediction remains difficult because the physiological mechanisms underlying drought survival and mortality are poorly understood. We developed a hydraulically based theory considering carbon balance and insect resistance that allowed development and examination of hypotheses regarding survival and mortality. Multiple mechanisms may cause mortality during drought. A common mechanism for plants with isohydric regulation of water status results from avoidance of drought-induced ...

 

Climate-driven tree mortality: insights from the piñon pine die-off in the United States

  
New Phytologist, Vol. 200, No. 2. (October 2013), pp. 301-303, https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.12464

Abstract

The global climate is changing, and a range of negative effects on plants has already been observed and will likely continue into the future. One of the most apparent consequences of climate change is widespread tree mortality (Fig. 1). Extensive tree die-offs resulting from recent climate change have been documented across a range of forest types on all forested continents (Allen et al., 2010). The exact physiological mechanisms causing this mortality are not yet well understood (e.g. McDowell, 2011), but they ...

 

Physical and biological feedbacks of deforestation

  
Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 50, No. 4. (14 December 2012), https://doi.org/10.1029/2012rg000394

Abstract

Forest vegetation can interact with its surrounding environment in ways that enhance conditions favorable for its own existence. Removal of forest vegetation has been shown to alter these conditions in a number of ways, thereby inhibiting the reestablishment of the same community of woody plants. The effect of vegetation on an environmental variable along with vegetation susceptibility to the associated environmental conditions may imply a positive feedback: Changes in the internal conditions controlling this variable such as deforestation could inhibit the ...

 

On underestimation of global vulnerability to tree mortality and forest die-off from hotter drought in the Anthropocene

  
Ecosphere, Vol. 6, No. 8. (August 2015), art129, https://doi.org/10.1890/es15-00203.1

Abstract

Patterns, mechanisms, projections, and consequences of tree mortality and associated broad-scale forest die-off due to drought accompanied by warmer temperatures—“hotter drought”, an emerging characteristic of the Anthropocene—are the focus of rapidly expanding literature. Despite recent observational, experimental, and modeling studies suggesting increased vulnerability of trees to hotter drought and associated pests and pathogens, substantial debate remains among research, management and policy-making communities regarding future tree mortality risks. We summarize key mortality-relevant findings, differentiating between those implying lesser versus greater levels of ...

 

Biotic and abiotic factors affecting the dying back of pedunculate oak Quercus robur L.

  
Forestry, Vol. 70, No. 4. (01 January 1997), pp. 399-406, https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/70.4.399

Abstract

Episodes of dying back of pedunculate oak Quercus roburhave occurred in Europe. In this article, produced to mark the 70th volume of Forestry, the 1920s episode, as described by contemporary research workers, is evaluated. The second part of the paper is concerned with an accountof the 1989–1994 episode in Great Britain and comparisons are made with occurrences elsewhere in Europe. In Britain, one feature not previously recorded, was attack on declining trees by the buprestid beetle, Agrilus pannonicus. ...

 

Individual vulnerability factors of Silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) to parasitism by two contrasting biotic agents: mistletoe (Viscum album L. ssp. abietis) and bark beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) during a decline process

  
Annals of Forest Science In Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 71, No. 6. (2014), pp. 659-673, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-012-0251-y

Abstract

[Context] In recent decades, there have been increasing reports of forest decline, especially in Mediterranean forest ecosystems. Decline in tree vitality is usually due to complex interactions between abiotic factors and biotic agents that attack weakened trees. [Aims and methods] Estimating dendrometrical characteristics [basal area increment (BAI), age at DBH from tree ring counting, social status, height, and diameter], tree health status, and a competition index, we investigated the individual vulnerability of a French declining silver fir forest to both mistletoe (Viscum album L. ...

 

The roles of dispersal, fecundity, and predation in the population persistence of an oak (Quercus engelmannii) under global change

  
PLoS ONE, Vol. 7, No. 5. (18 May 2012), e36391, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036391

Abstract

A species’ response to climate change depends on the interaction of biotic and abiotic factors that define future habitat suitability and species’ ability to migrate or adapt. The interactive effects of processes such as fire, dispersal, and predation have not been thoroughly addressed in the climate change literature. Our objective was to examine how life history traits, short-term global change perturbations, and long-term climate change interact to affect the likely persistence of an oak species - Quercus engelmannii (Engelmann oak). Specifically, ...

 

Abiotic and biotic factors and their interactions as causes of oak decline in Central Europe

  
Forest Pathology, Vol. 32, No. 4-5. (August 2002), pp. 277-307, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-0329.2002.00291.x

Abstract

Incidences of oak decline have occurred repeatedly during the past three centuries as well as in the most recent decades. On the basis of historical records and dendrochronological measurements, oak decline in Central Europe has been attributed to the single or combined effects of climatic extremes (winter frost, summer drought), defoliating insects, and pathogenic fungi. Starting from a literature review, we discuss the possible roles of various abiotic (air pollution, nitrogen eutrophication, soil chemical stress, climatic extremes, site conditions) and biotic ...

 

(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 5

  
(February 2014)
Keywords: bioscience   biosecurity   biotechnology   biotic-effects   biotic-factors   biotic-interactions   birches   bird-conservation   bird-dispersal   bird-pollination   biscogniauxia-atropunctata   biscogniauxia-mediterranea   biscogniauxia-nummularia   bismarckia-nobilis   bixa-orellana   black-aphid   black-carbon   black-pine   black-poplar   black-sea-region   blechnum-spicant   blitz   blue-tits   blue-water   bogs   boiss   bombacopsis-quinata   bombax-malabaricum   bone-attachment   boolean-expressions   bootstrap   borassus-flabellifer   borch-forest   boreal-continental-forest   boreal-forest   boreal-mountain-system   bosnia-herzegovina   boswellia-sacra   botanical-macro-remains   botany   botryosphaeria-spp   bottom-up   brachylaena-huillensis   brachylaena-rotundata   bracon-hylobii   brasil   brassica-spp   brassicaceae   brenneria-goodwinii   britain   british-columbia   british-forestry   british-isles   british-native-trees   broadleaved   brosimum-rubescens   browsing   bryophyte   bsd-3clause   bucida-buceras   buddleja-spp   bugs   bulgaria   buprestidae   bureaucracy   burnt-scar-mapping   bursaphelenchus-xylophilus   bursera-simaruba   burundi   butea-monosperma   butterfly   buxus-sempervirens   buxus-spp   by-products   byctiscus-betulae   byctiscus-populi   c   c-factor   c-plus-plus   cabi   calamagrostis-argentea   calcium   california   callophylum-brasiliense   calluna-vulgaris   calocedrus-decurrens   calophyllum-inophyllum   calorific-values   calotropis-procera   camellia-reticulata   cameraria-ohridella   campanula-spp   canada   cananga-odorata   cancer-treament   cancer-treatment   candida   candidatus-phytoplasma-ulmi   canker   inrmm-list-of-tags  

Abstract

List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/inrmm-list-of-tags ). ...

 

On the dynamics of soil moisture, vegetation, and erosion: implications of climate variability and change

  
Water Resources Research, Vol. 42, No. 6. (21 June 2006), pp. n/a-n/a, https://doi.org/10.1029/2005wr004113

Abstract

We couple a shear-stress-dependent fluvial erosion and sediment transport rule with stochastic models of ecohydrological soil moisture and vegetation dynamics. Rainfall is simulated by the Poisson rectangular pulses rainfall model with three parameters: mean rainfall ...

 

Ecological Linkages Between Aboveground and Belowground Biota

  
Science, Vol. 304, No. 5677. (11 June 2004), pp. 1629-1633, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1094875

Abstract

All terrestrial ecosystems consist of aboveground and belowground components that interact to influence community- and ecosystem-level processes and properties. Here we show how these components are closely interlinked at the community level, reinforced by a greater degree of specificity between plants and soil organisms than has been previously supposed. As such, aboveground and belowground communities can be powerful mutual drivers, with both positive and negative feedbacks. A combined aboveground-belowground approach to community and ecosystem ecology is enhancing our understanding of the ...

 

Impact of vertebrate acorn- and seedling-predators on a Mediterranean Quercus pyrenaica forest

  
Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 180, No. 1-3. (17 July 2003), pp. 125-134, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(02)00608-4

Abstract

We have experimentally investigated the impact of biotic factors, acting at the seed and seedling stages, on a Quercus pyrenaica forest in the Sierra Nevada mountains (SE Spain). We monitored the natural establishment of the oak for 3 years in two forest plots and two shrubland plots, by counting seedlings and juveniles. In addition, we established several experiments in these plots to examine acorn and seedling survival, while also considering the microhabitat effect on survival probability. Dispersed acorns were quickly consumed ...

 

Ungulate damage and silviculture in the Cansiglio Forest (Veneto Prealps, NE Italy)

  
Journal for Nature Conservation, Vol. 10, No. 4. (January 2003), pp. 233-241, https://doi.org/10.1078/1617-1381-00023

Abstract

The Cansiglio Forest, situated in the Veneto Prealps, is of particular naturalistic and landscape interest, going back to the times of the Most Serene Republic of Venice. Its long silvicultural tradition, which is now even more “near to nature”, remains unaltered. Over the last century there has been a considerable increase in the number of ungulates. This is partly due to prohibition of hunting since the beginning of the 20th century throughout the territory. It has therefore become necessary to survey ...

This page of the database may be cited as:
Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management - Meta-information Database. http://mfkp.org/INRMM/tag/biotic-factors

Publication metadata

Bibtex, RIS, RSS/XML feed, Json, Dublin Core

Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD).
This database integrates a dedicated meta-information database in CiteULike (the CiteULike INRMM Group) with the meta-information available in Google Scholar, CrossRef and DataCite. The Altmetric database with Article-Level Metrics is also harvested. Part of the provided semantic content (machine-readable) is made even human-readable thanks to the DCMI Dublin Core viewer. Digital preservation of the meta-information indexed within the INRMM-MiD publication records is implemented thanks to the Internet Archive.
The library of INRMM related pubblications may be quickly accessed with the following links.
Search within the whole INRMM meta-information database:
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Full-text and abstracts of the publications indexed by the INRMM meta-information database are copyrighted by the respective publishers/authors. They are subject to all applicable copyright protection. The conditions of use of each indexed publication is defined by its copyright owner. Please, be aware that the indexed meta-information entirely relies on voluntary work and constitutes a quite incomplete and not homogeneous work-in-progress.
INRMM-MiD was experimentally established by the Maieutike Research Initiative in 2008 and then improved with the help of several volunteers (with a major technical upgrade in 2011). This new integrated interface is operational since 2014.