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Selection: with tag biomass [82 articles] 


Forest structures across Europe

Geoscience Data Journal, Vol. 4, No. 1. (June 2017), pp. 17-28,


Pan-European gridded datasets derived from a single methodology to inform researchers, policy makers and conservationists on the state of forest structures would improve our ability to study forests independent of political boundaries and along various gradients. Although National Forest Inventory (NFI) data provide information on the characteristics of forests, including carbon content, volume, height, and age, such spatial data is not available across Europe. Before this study, remotely sensed data covering all of Europe had not been utilized to produce multiple ...


Forest fires

In EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016 - Technical guidance to prepare national emission inventories, Vol. 21/2016 (2016), 11.B,


[Excerpt: Overview] This chapter describes emissions from (naturally or man-induced) burning of non-managed and managed forests and other vegetation, excluding agricultural burning of stubble, etc. This includes domestic fires (fuel wood-, crop residue-, dung and charcoal burning) as well as open vegetation fires (forest, shrub- , grass- and cropland burning). According to Barbosa (2006, personal communication), 95 % of the forest fires in the Mediterranean region are related to human impact (negligence, arson, etc.). For the boreal area, Molicone et al. (2006) estimate 87 % of forest ...


A dataset of forest biomass structure for Eurasia

Scientific Data, Vol. 4 (16 May 2017), 170070,


The most comprehensive dataset of in situ destructive sampling measurements of forest biomass in Eurasia have been compiled from a combination of experiments undertaken by the authors and from scientific publications. Biomass is reported as four components: live trees (stem, bark, branches, foliage, roots); understory (above- and below ground); green forest floor (above- and below ground); and coarse woody debris (snags, logs, dead branches of living trees and dead roots), consisting of 10,351 unique records of sample plots and 9,613 sample ...


Mapping wood production in European forests

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 357 (December 2015), pp. 228-238,


[Highlights] [::] We constructed high-resolution wood production maps for Europe. [::] Productivity, tree species and ruggedness affect wood production patterns. [::] Using these factors improves disaggregation of wood production statistics. [Abstract] Wood production is an important forest use, impacting a range of other ecosystem services. However, information on the spatial patterns in wood production is limited and often available only for larger administrative units. In this study, we developed high-resolution wood production maps for European forests. We collected wood production statistics for 29 European countries from ...


Climate and species functional traits influence maximum live tree stocking in the Lake States, USA

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 386 (February 2017), pp. 51-61,


[Highlights] [::] Specific gravity and shade tolerance impact maximum stocking of tree species. [::] Temperature and precipitation interact with these traits to govern maximum stocking. [::] The results provide a simple, additive density measure for these complex forests. [Abstract] Quantifying the density of live trees in forest stands and partitioning it between species or other stand components is critical for predicting forest dynamics and responses to management, as well as understanding the impacts of stand composition and structure on productivity. As plant traits such as shade ...


Constraints on global fire activity vary across a resource gradient

Ecology, Vol. 92, No. 1. (2011), pp. 121-132,


We provide an empirical, global test of the varying constraints hypothesis, which predicts systematic heterogeneity in the relative importance of biomass resources to burn and atmospheric conditions suitable to burning (weather/climate) across a spatial gradient of long-term resource availability. Analyses were based on relationships between monthly global wildfire activity, soil moisture, and mid-tropospheric circulation data from 2001 to 2007, synthesized across a gradient of long-term averages in resources (net primary productivity), annual temperature, and terrestrial biome.We demonstrate support for the varying ...



Revista Montes, Vol. 125 (2016), pp. 76-77


[Excerpt] [:Libro blanco del sector de aviones contra incendios forestales] [::Autores] Carles Algué y Aitor Martín [\n] [...] España cuenta con uno de los mejores sistemas de extinción de incendios forestales del mundo, en el que los medios aéreos constituyen un pilar clave. Los aviones anti-incendios operados por empresas privadas cada verano en España representan más de un tercio de la capacidad total de lanzamiento de agua disponible, aunque sólo la décima parte del presupuesto total anual destinado a medios aéreos. [...] [:Flora literaria del ...


Analysis of daily, monthly, and annual burned area using the fourth-generation global fire emissions database (GFED4)

Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 118, No. 1. (2013), pp. 317-328,


We describe the fourth generation of the Global Fire Emissions Database (GFED4) burned area data set, which provides global monthly burned area at 0.25°  spatial resolution from mid-1995 through the present and daily burned area for the time series extending back to August 2000. We produced the full data set by combining 500 m MODIS burned area maps with active fire data from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Visible and Infrared Scanner (VIRS) and the Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) family of ...


A radiative transfer model-based method for the estimation of grassland aboveground biomass

International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, Vol. 54 (February 2017), pp. 159-168,


[Highlights] [::] The PROSAILH radiative transfer model was presented to estimate grassland AGB. [::] The ill-posed inversion problem was alleviated by using the ecological criteria. [::] Multi-source satellite products were used to filter the unrealistic combinations of retrieved free parameters. [::] Three empirical methods were also used to estimate the grassland AGB. [Abstract] This paper presents a novel method to derive grassland aboveground biomass (AGB) based on the PROSAILH (PROSPECT + SAILH) radiative transfer model (RTM). Two variables, leaf area index (LAI, m2m−2, defined as a one-side ...


The Australian flammability monitoring system

In Brisbane 2016: annual conference (2016)


Live fuel moisture content (LFMC) is one of the primary variables affecting bushfire flammability. We have developed the first Australia-wide flammability monitoring system for operational prediction of LFMC and flammability using satellite data. [Excerpt: Conclusion and future work] [::] We developed the prototype of the first Australia-wide Flammability Monitoring System for operational prediction of LFMC and flammability using satellite observations. [::] LFMC is not the only variable that is related to fire occurrence, and therefore the importance of other factors (e.g. fire weather and ...


Towards a bioeconomy in Europe: national, regional and industrial strategies

Sustainability, Vol. 7, No. 8. (05 August 2015), pp. 10461-10478,


Establishing an advanced European bioeconomy is an important step in achieving the transition towards sustainable development and away from fossil fuels. The bioeconomy can be defined as an economy based on the sustainable production and conversion of renewable biomass into a range of bio-based products, chemicals, and energy. Several strategies have been produced in Europe from different perspectives that outline visions, intentions, and recommendations for the transition to a bioeconomy. An analysis of twelve of these strategies was conducted using a ...


Forestry in bioeconomy - smart green growth for the humankind

Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 29, No. 4. (19 May 2014), pp. 360-366,


This paper draws on the European Union's Bioeconomy Action Plan (BAP) to clarify the notion “bioeconomy” and examine how it relates to the forest sector and its current challenges. The interpretation is linked to a broader context of climate and energy policies and the ideas of green economy and green growth. It is shown that, despite its good intentions, BAP fails to link bioeconomy to the core idea of green economy and the sources of economic growth. It hardly discusses climate ...


The charcoal vision: a win–win–win scenario for simultaneously producing bioenergy, permanently sequestering carbon, while improving soil and water quality

Agronomy Journal, Vol. 100, No. 1. (2008), 178,


Processing biomass through a distributed network of fast pyrolyzers may be a sustainable platform for producing energy from biomass. Fast pyrolyzers thermally transform biomass into bio-oil, syngas, and charcoal. The syngas could provide the energy needs of the pyrolyzer. Bio-oil is an energy raw material (∼17 MJ kg−1) that can be burned to generate heat or shipped to a refinery for processing into transportation fuels. Charcoal could also be used to generate energy; however, application of the charcoal co-product to soils ...


Above-ground carbon storage by urban trees in Leipzig, Germany: analysis of patterns in a European city

Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 104, No. 1. (January 2012), pp. 95-104,


Many aspects of global change, including carbon dioxide emissions, have been attributed to urban areas. On the other hand, cities have been found to provide valuable ecosystem services such as carbon storage. The aim of this study is to estimate the above-ground carbon storage in trees in the central European city of Leipzig and produce spatially explicit carbon storage maps. We used stratified random sampling across 19 land cover classes using 190 sample plots to measure carbon storage. In addition, we ...


Drought sensitivity of the Amazon rainforest

Science, Vol. 323, No. 5919. (06 March 2009), pp. 1344-1347,


Amazon forests are a key but poorly understood component of the global carbon cycle. If, as anticipated, they dry this century, they might accelerate climate change through carbon losses and changed surface energy balances. We used records from multiple long-term monitoring plots across Amazonia to assess forest responses to the intense 2005 drought, a possible analog of future events. Affected forest lost biomass, reversing a large long-term carbon sink, with the greatest impacts observed where the dry season was unusually intense. ...


Biomass collapse in Amazonian forest fragments

Science, Vol. 278, No. 5340. (7 November 1997), pp. 1117-1118,


Rain forest fragments in central Amazonia were found to experience a dramatic loss of above-ground tree biomass that is not offset by recruitment of new trees. These losses were largest within 100 meters of fragment edges, where tree mortality is sharply increased by microclimatic changes and elevated wind turbulence. Permanent study plots within 100 meters of edges lost up to 36 percent of their biomass in the first 10 to 17 years after fragmentation. Lianas (climbing woody vines) increased near edges ...


An integrated pan-tropical biomass map using multiple reference datasets

Global Change Biology, Vol. 22, No. 4. (April 2016), pp. 1406-1420,


We combined two existing datasets of vegetation aboveground biomass (AGB) (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108, 2011, 9899; Nature Climate Change, 2, 2012, 182) into a pan-tropical AGB map at 1-km resolution using an independent reference dataset of field observations and locally calibrated high-resolution biomass maps, harmonized and upscaled to 14 477 1-km AGB estimates. Our data fusion approach uses bias removal and weighted linear averaging that incorporates and spatializes the biomass patterns ...


Biomass and primary productivity of an Alnus viridis stand - a case study from the Schächental valley, Switzerland

Botanica Helvetica In Botanica Helvetica, Vol. 116, No. 1. (23 June 2006), pp. 55-64,


Abstract.  Wiedmer E. and Senn-Irlet B. 2006. Biomass and primary productivity of an Alnus viridis stand – a case study from the Schchental valley, Switzerland. Bot. Helv. 116: 55–64. Green alder (Alnus viridis) stands are spreading rapidly in the subalpine belt of the Swiss Alps. To understand this rapid colonisation, estimates of above ground biomass and net primary productivity were made in an old-growth pure stand of Alnus viridis in central Switzerland. A total above-ground biomass of 89.3 t ha−1 was recorded, to which ...


Can recent pan-tropical biomass maps be used to derive alternative Tier 1 values for reporting REDD+ activities under UNFCCC?

Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 9 (2014), 124008,


The IPCC Guidelines propose 3 Tier levels for greenhouse gas monitoring within the forest land category with a hierarchical order in terms of accuracy, data requirements and complexity. Due to missing data and/or capacities, many developing countries, potentially interested in the reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation scheme, have to rely on Tier 1 default values with highest uncertainties. A possible way to increase the credibility of uncertain estimates is to apply a conservative approach, for which standard statistical information ...


The structure, distribution, and biomass of the world's forests

Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, Vol. 44, No. 1. (2013), pp. 593-622,


Forests are the dominant terrestrial ecosystem on Earth. We review the environmental factors controlling their structure and global distribution and evaluate their current and future trajectory. Adaptations of trees to climate and resource gradients, coupled with disturbances and forest dynamics, create complex geographical patterns in forest assemblages and structures. These patterns are increasingly discernible through new satellite and airborne observation systems, improved forest inventories, and global ecosystem models. Forest biomass is a complex property affected by forest distribution, structure, and ecological ...


Leaching of nitrate from temperate forests effects of air pollution and forest management

Environmental Reviews, Vol. 14, No. 1. (1 March 2006), pp. 1-57,


We compiled regional and continental data on inorganic nitrogen (N) in seepage and surface water from temperate forests. Currently, N concentrations in forest waters are usually well below water quality standards. But elevated concentrations are frequently found in regions with chronic N input from deposition (>8?10?kg?ha?1 a?1). We synthesized the current understanding of factors controlling N leaching in relation to three primary causes of N cycle disruption: (i) Increased N input (air pollution, fertilization, N2 fixing plants). In European forests, elevated ...


Rising policy conflicts in Europe over bioenergy and forestry

Forest Policy and Economics, Vol. 33 (August 2013), pp. 112-119,


[Highlights] [::] EU Bioenergy policy cuts across forest, agriculture, energy and transport sectors. [::] Increased pressure on forest biomass risks putting EU in a wood-deficit situation. [::] Bioenergy conflicts regard land use, biodiversity, climate and sustainability. [::] Conflicts on environmental consequences from bioenergy policy are reconcilable. [::] Conflicts on globally shared rights and responsibilities are not easily reconciled. [Abstract] Growing concerns over emissions of green-house gases causing climate change as well as energy security concerns have spurred the interest in bioenergy production pushed ...


Is energy cropping in Europe compatible with biodiversity? - Opportunities and threats to biodiversity from land-based production of biomass for bioenergy purposes

Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 55 (August 2013), pp. 73-86,


[Highlights] [::] We study six EU countries for compatibility of renewable energy and biodiversity. [::] Biomass demand for bioenergy may lead to conversion of valuable habitats. [::] Land based biomass harvesting has biodiversity effects that vary across Europe. [::] Different effects are valid for biomass production in varying land resource types. [::] Biomass from urban green and recreation areas is promising resource. [Abstract] Based on literature and six country studies (Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Netherlands, Sweden, Slovakia) this paper discusses the compatibility of the EU ...


Land-use change to bioenergy production in Europe: implications for the greenhouse gas balance and soil carbon

GCB Bioenergy, Vol. 4, No. 4. (July 2012), pp. 372-391,


Bioenergy from crops is expected to make a considerable contribution to climate change mitigation. However, bioenergy is not necessarily carbon neutral because emissions of CO2, N2O and CH4 during crop production may reduce or completely counterbalance CO2 savings of the substituted fossil fuels. These greenhouse gases (GHGs) need to be included into the carbon footprint calculation of different bioenergy crops under a range of soil conditions and management practices. This review compiles existing knowledge on agronomic and environmental constraints and GHG ...


Use of forest based biomass for bioenergy in EU-28

In Annual 20th International Scientific Conference Proceedings "Research for Rural Development", Vol. 2 (2014), pp. 7-13


Europe's future wood demand for energy is expected to increase by 10 million to 200 million m3 in the period 2010-2030. This will be supplied by both domestic sources (forests, industrial residues post-consumer wood waste), but also from sources outside Europe. The EU-28 predicts a near future (2020) gap between solid biomass supply and demand for renewable energy: 21.4 million tonnes of oil equivalents (MTOE). This is estimated via preliminary renewable energy action plans (NREAP's) per country. The EU-28 expects wood ...


Recent development in forest biomass derived phenol formaldehyde (PF) resol resin for wood adhesives application

Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy (October 2014), pp. 465-480,


In recent years, forest biomass materials, including wood, bark, lignin, tannins, are explored intensively as bio-derived phenolic compounds for PF resin synthesis. Liquefaction, pyrolysis and extraction are some frequently used methods to convert these forest biomass materials into phenol substitutes in the resin formulation. The inclusion of these bio-derived phenolic compounds, either in the form of extractives or as liquefied or pyrolyzed products, resulted in bio-based PF resins with different molecular weight, viscosity, gel time, curing behavior from typical commercial PF ...


The role of biomass and bioenergy in a future bioeconomy: Policies and facts

Environmental Development, Vol. 15 (July 2015), pp. 3-34,


[Highlights] [::] The EU has set the long-term goal to develop a low carbon economy by 2050. [::] Bioeconomy could play an important role in the low carbon economy. [::] The EU has a number of well-established traditional bio-based industries. [::] We estimated the EU current bio economy market at about € 2.4 billion. [::] Bioeconomy will depend on technology advance, cost and biomass availability. [Abstract] The European Commission has set a long-term goal to develop a competitive, resource efficient and low carbon economy by 2050. Bioeconomy is ...


Developing a spatially-explicit pan-European dataset of forest biomass increment

In 22nd European Biomass Conference and Exhibition (2014), pp. 41-46,


Among the services provided by forest ecosystems, biomass is one of the most important. Nevertheless, spatially explicit data on forest biomass increment is rarely available for large regions. Thus the aim of this study is to develop a methodology for the spatial assessment of forest biomass increment at the panEuropean level. To address this aim, we used MODIS GPP data (NASA Product MOD17A3) adjusted with GPP data derived from upscaling FLUXNET observations using the Model Tree Ensemble (MTE) technique (Jung et ...


Calibrated pollen accumulation rates as a basis for quantitative tree biomass reconstructions

The Holocene, Vol. 19, No. 2. (01 March 2009), pp. 209-220,


Recent investigations show that the pollen accumulation rate (PAR) of the common tree taxa is directly related to the biomass and, by inference, to the population size of the taxa around the study site. Fossil PAR records preserved in lakes provide therefore a potential proxy for quantitative biomass and population reconstructions. We use the high-resolution PAR records obtained from two accurately dated lake sediment cores in Finland to generate quantitative Holocene biomass records for Pinus, Picea and Betula, the most common ...


Assessing impacts of intensified biomass production and biodiversity protection on ecosystem services provided by European forests

Ecosystem Services, Vol. 9 (September 2014), pp. 155-165,


[Highlights] [::] We analyzed biophysical and economic impacts of European forest policy options. [::] We assessed impacts on multiple marketed and non-marketed ecosystem services. [::] Intensified forest biomass production decreases provisioning of other services. [::] Biodiversity protection enhances social benefits provided by European forest. [Abstract] To develop viable strategies for intensifying the use of forest biomass and for increasing forest protection, impacts on ecosystem services need to be assessed. We investigated the biophysical and economic impacts of increased forest biomass production and biodiversity protection on forest ...


Recovery of Aboveground Plant Biomass and Productivity After Fire in Mesic and Dry Black Spruce Forests of Interior Alaska

Ecosystems In Ecosystems, Vol. 11, No. 2. (March 2008), pp. 209-225,


Plant biomass accumulation and productivity are important determinants of ecosystem carbon (C) balance during post-fire succession. In boreal black spruce (Picea mariana) forests near Delta Junction, Alaska, we quantified aboveground plant biomass and net primary productivity (ANPP) for 4 years after a 1999 wildfire in a well-drained (dry) site, and also across a dry and a moderately well-drained (mesic) chronosequence of sites that varied in time since fire (2 to ∼116 years). Four years after fire, total biomass at the 1999 burn ...


Goodbye to carbon neutral: Getting biomass footprints right

Environmental Impact Assessment Review, Vol. 29, No. 3. (April 2009), pp. 165-168,


Most guidance for carbon footprinting, and most published carbon footprints or LCAs, presume that biomass heating fuels are carbon neutral. However, it is recognised increasingly that this is incorrect: biomass fuels are not always carbon neutral. Indeed, they can in some cases be far more carbon positive than fossil fuels. This flaw in carbon footprinting guidance and practice can be remedied. In carbon footprints (not just of biomass or heating fuels, but all carbon footprints), rather than applying sequestration credits and ...


European biomass resource potential and costs

Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 34, No. 2. (21 February 2010), pp. 188-202,


The objective of this study is to assess the European (EU27 + and Ukraine) cost and supply potential for biomass resources. Three methodological steps can be distinguished (partly based on studies explained elsewhere in this volume) (i) an evaluation of the available ‘surplus’ land, (ii) a modeled productivity and (iii) an economic assessment for 13 typical bioenergy crops. Results indicate that the total available land for bioenergy crop production – following a ‘food first’ paradigm – could amount to 900 000 km ...


Assessment of the potential biomass supply in Europe using a resource-focused approach

Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 30, No. 1. (January 2006), pp. 1-15,


This paper analyses the potential biomass supply in the 15 EU countries (EU15), 8 new member states and 2 candidate countries (ACC10), plus Belarus and the Ukraine. The objective of this study is to make a more detailed assessment of the potential in Europe than previously undertaken. For this purpose five scenarios were designed to describe the short-, medium- and long-term potential of biomass for energy. The scenarios are based on assumptions regarding residue harvests, energy-crop yields and surplus agricultural land. ...


Sustainable utilisation of forest biomass for energy - Possibilities and problems: policy, legislation, certification, and recommendations and guidelines in the Nordic, Baltic, and other European countries

Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 31, No. 10. (October 2007), pp. 666-684,


The substitution of biomass for fossil fuels in energy consumption is a measure to mitigate global warming, as well as having other advantages. Political action plans for increased use exist at both European and national levels. This paper briefly reviews the contents of recommendations, guidelines, and other synthesis publications on sustainable use of forest biomass for energy. Topics are listed and an overview of advantages, disadvantages, and trade-offs between them is given, from the viewpoint of society in general and the ...


Assessing impacts of intensified biomass removal on deadwood in European forests

Ecological Indicators, Vol. 11, No. 1. (04 January 2011), pp. 27-35,


Deadwood is a key indicator for assessing policy and management impacts on forest biodiversity. We developed an approach to include deadwood in the large-scale European Forest Information Scenario (EFISCEN) model and analysed impacts of intensifying forest biomass removal on the amount and type of deadwood in forests of 24 European Union member states. In EFISCEN, deadwood consists of standing and downed deadwood, resulting from mortality, and stem residues from felling activities. To include deadwood in EFISCEN we developed mortality functions and ...


Temperature drives global patterns in forest biomass distribution in leaves, stems, and roots

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, No. 38. (23 September 2014), pp. 13721-13726,


[Significance] Do forests in cold or dry climate zones distribute more resources in roots to enhance uptake of water and nutrients, which are scarce in such climates? Despite its importance to forest ecology and global carbon cycle modeling, this question is unanswered at present. To answer this question, we compiled and analyzed a large dataset (>6,200 forests, 61 countries) and determined that the proportion of total forest biomass in roots is greater and in foliage is smaller in increasingly cold climates. ...


Climate impacts: Fire fuels change

Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, No. 8. (August 2014), pp. 662-662,


[Excerpt] The burning of vegetation — biomass burning — impacts on climate and air pollution. The fires produce gases and particles that interact and change the atmosphere and clouds. Most biomass burning is human-caused, resulting from land-clearing and land-use change, with a small proportion due to natural causes. Mark Jacobson, of Stanford University, USA, uses a 3D global model to simulate biomass burning [...] Over a 20-year period, biomass burning caused a net temperature increase of 0.4 °C globally, largely because of ...


Effects of biomass burning on climate, accounting for heat and moisture fluxes, black and brown carbon, and cloud absorption effects

Journal of Geophysical Research, Atmospheres, Vol. 119, No. 14. (27 July 2014), 2014JD021861,


This paper examines the effects on climate and air pollution of open biomass burning (BB) when heat and moisture fluxes, gases and aerosols (including black and brown carbon, tar balls, and reflective particles), cloud absorption effects (CAEs) I and II, and aerosol semidirect and indirect effects on clouds are treated. It also examines the climate impacts of most anthropogenic heat and moisture fluxes (AHFs and AMFs). Transient 20 year simulations indicate BB may cause a net global warming of ~0.4 K because ...


Forest owner motivations and attitudes towards supplying biomass for energy in Europe

Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 67 (August 2014), pp. 223-230,


[Highlights] [::] Evidence on European forest owner attitudes to supplying bioenergy is provided. [::] European forest owner attitudes are unexplained by changes in prices and markets. [::] The readiness to supply stemwood for energy is lower than previously assumed. [::] The share of forest biomass needed to meet EU renewable energy target cannot be met. [Abstract] The European Commission expects the use of biomass for energy in the EU to increase significantly between 2010 and 2020 to meet a legally binding target to cover at ...


Arctic tree rings as recorders of variations in light availability

Nature Communications, Vol. 5 (7 May 2014),


Annual growth ring variations in Arctic trees are often used to reconstruct surface temperature. In general, however, the growth of Arctic vegetation is limited both by temperature and light availability, suggesting that variations in atmospheric transmissivity may also influence tree-ring characteristics. Here we show that Arctic tree-ring density is sensitive to changes in light availability across two distinct phenomena: explosive volcanic eruptions (P<0.01) and the recent epoch of global dimming (P<0.01). In each case, the greatest response is found in the ...


Making use of the ecosystem services concept in regional planning - trade-offs from reducing water erosion

Landscape Ecology In Landscape Ecology (2014), pp. 1-15,


In this article we demonstrate how to integrate the ecosystem services concept into regional planning using the example of a case study in Saxony, Germany. We analysed how the reduction of water erosion as a regulating service impacts six other ecosystem services. Ecological integrity, provisioning services (provision of food and fibre, provision of biomass), regulating services (soil erosion protection, drought-risk regulation, flood regulation), and the cultural service landscape aesthetics are taken into account. Using a decision support software, we found that ...


Modeling biomass burning and related carbon emissions during the 21st century in Europe

Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 118, No. 4. (December 2013), pp. 1732-1747,


In this study we present an assessment of the impact of future climate change on total fire probability, burned area, and carbon (C) emissions from fires in Europe. The analysis was performed with the Community Land Model (CLM) extended with a prognostic treatment of fires that was specifically refined and optimized for application over Europe. Simulations over the 21st century are forced by five different high-resolution Regional Climate Models under the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios A1B. Both original and bias-corrected ...


(INRMM-MiD internal record) List of keywords of the INRMM meta-information database - part 4

(February 2014)
Keywords: banksia-serrata   bark-beetle   batocera-lineolata   bavaria   bedrock   beech-forest   behaviour   behavioural-contracts   belgium   beliefs   below-ground-biomass   berberis-vulgaris   bernoulli   bertholletia-excelsa   betula-alba   betula-albo-sinensis   betula-alleghaniensis   betula-alnoides   betula-ashburneri   betula-celtiberica   betula-chichibuensis   betula-chinensis   betula-cordifolia   betula-costata   betula-cylindrostachya   betula-dahurica   betula-ermanii   betula-falcata   betula-fruticosa   betula-glandulosa   betula-globispica   betula-gmelinii   betula-grossa   betula-gynoterminalis   betula-honanensis   betula-humilis   betula-karagandensis   betula-klokovii   betula-kotulae   betula-lenta   betula-maximowicziana   betula-megrelica   betula-michauxii   betula-microphylla   betula-murrayana   betula-nana   betula-nigra   betula-occidentalis   betula-papyrifera   betula-pendula   betula-platyphylla   betula-populifolia   betula-potamophila   betula-psammophila   betula-pubescens   betula-raddeana   betula-recurvata   betula-skvorsovii   betula-spp   betula-sunanensis   betula-szaferi   betula-utilis   betula-zinserlingii   betulaceae   bias   bias-correction   bias-disembodied-science-vs-computational-scholarship   bias-toward-primacy-of-theory-over-reality   bibliometrics   bifurcation-analysis   big-data   binomial-distribution   bio-based-economy   biochemical-product   bioclimatic-envelope-models   bioclimatic-predictors   biodiversity   biodiversity-hotspot   biodiversity-impacts   biodiversity-indicator   biodiversity-offsets   bioeconomy   bioenergy   bioethanol   biofilm   biofiltration   biofuel   biogenic-volatile-organic-compounds   biogeography   bioinformatics   biological-control   biological-invasions   biology   biomass   biomass-burning   biomass-production   biomass-to-energy   biome   biomonitoring   inrmm-list-of-tags  


List of indexed keywords within the transdisciplinary set of domains which relate to the Integrated Natural Resources Modelling and Management (INRMM). In particular, the list of keywords maps the semantic tags in the INRMM Meta-information Database (INRMM-MiD). [\n] The INRMM-MiD records providing this list are accessible by the special tag: inrmm-list-of-tags ( ). ...


Carbon profiles of typical forest types across Europe assessed with CO2FIX

Ecological Indicators, Vol. 1, No. 3. (March 2002), pp. 213-223,


This paper presents for 16 typical forest types across Europe a standard carbon sequestration profile. The study was carried out with the model CO2FIX which was parameterised with local yield table data and additional required parameters. CO2FIX quantifies the carbon of the forest ecosystem–soil–wood products chain at the stand level. To avoid misleading results annual net sequestration rates are not presented here, because these strongly fluctuate in time. Therefore, only its advancing mean is presented as a more reliable indicator. This ...


The power of biomass: Experts disclose the potential for success of bioenergy technologies

Energy Policy, Vol. 65 (February 2014), pp. 94-114,


This paper focuses on technologies which use thermo-chemical or biochemical processes to convert biomass into electricity. We present the results from an expert elicitation exercise involving sixteen leading experts coming from different EU Member States. Aim of the elicitation was to assess the potential cost reduction of RD&D (Research, Development and Demonstration) efforts and to identify barriers to the diffusion of these technologies. The research sheds light on the future potential of bioenergy technologies both in OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation ...


Radar backscatter is not a 'direct measure' of forest biomass

Nature Climate Change, Vol. 2, No. 8. (15 July 2012), pp. 556-557,


[Excerpt] Accurately mapping forest carbon now has important financial and livelihood implications for many smallholder farmers, businesses, investors, land-use projects and governments. The urgent need to reduce uncertainties in the carbon cycle, the increasing focus on global sustainable forestry, and the international agenda on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) has led to the creation of new communities clamouring for robust methods to map forest aboveground biomass (AGB). Satellite radar is often proposed as the best tool to overcome the ...


Robinia pseudoacacia L.: A Lesser Known Tree Species for Biomass Production

BioEnergy Research In BioEnergy Research, Vol. 2, No. 3. (2009), pp. 123-133,


Experiments with fast-growing tree species for biomass production in Germany have been mainly focused on the growth performance of Populus and Salix spp. Among the lesser-known species for energy plantations is Robinia pseudoacacia L. Special features of this species are its drought tolerance and its ability to fix nitrogen. Given the large share of marginal arable land in NE-Germany and the predicted climate change, R. pseudoacacia is expected to grow in importance. In order to evaluate the growth performance of this ...


Ecosystem properties and forest decline in contrasting long-term chronosequences

Science, Vol. 305, No. 5683. (23 July 2004), pp. 509-513,


During succession, ecosystem development occurs; but in the long-term absence of catastrophic disturbance, a decline phase eventually follows. We studied six long-term chronosequences, in Australia, Sweden, Alaska, Hawaii, and New Zealand; for each, the decline phase was associated with a reduction in tree basal area and an increase in the substrate nitrogen–to-phosphorus ratio, indicating increasing phosphorus limitation over time. These changes were often associated with reductions in litter decomposition rates, phosphorus release from litter, and biomass and activity of decomposer microbes. ...


Biomass, nutrient content, litterfall and nutrient return to the soil in Mediterranean oak forests

Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 119, No. 1-3. (June 1999), pp. 39-49,


We estimated above-ground biomass, nutrient content, litterfall and nutrient return to the soil in deciduous and evergreen Quercus pyrenaica Will., Quercus lanuginosa Lamk and evergreen Quercus ilex L. oak forests, respectively, near Salamanca (Spain) and Montpellier (France). The calculated biomass ranged from 64 to 121 Mg ha−1. Perennial material (trunks and branches) represented 96–97% in the four Spanish Q. pyrenaica stands and 93% in the French Q. lanuginosa and Q. ilex stands. Q. pyrenaica had higher P, Mg, Fe and Mn contents than ...

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